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FROM   THE   LIBRARY   OF 
REV.    LOUIS    FITZGERALD    BENSON.   D.  D, 

BEQUEATHED    BY   HIM   TO 

THE   LIBRARY   OF 

PRINCETON  THEOLOGICAL  SEMINARY 


Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 
in  2013 


http://archive.org/cletails/cooffaitOOchur 


THE 

Confession  OF  FAITH; 

THE 

Larger  and  Shorter  Catechisms, 

W  I  T  H     T  H  E 

SCRIPTURE-PROOFS  AT  LARGE. 

TOGETHER   WITH 


The  Sum  of  Saving  Know- 
ledge, (contained  in  the 
Holy  Scriptures,  and  held 
forth  in  the  faid  Confess  ion 
and  Catechisms,)  and 
Practical  Ufe  thereof. 

Covenants,  National  and 
Solemn  League. 


Acknowledgement  of 
Sins,  and  Engagement 
to  Duties. 

Directories  for  Publick 
and  Family  Wqaship. 

Form  of  Church-govern- 
ment, ^c. 


OF   PUBLICK   AUTHORJTY 


IN    X'H  E 


y 


CHURCH  OF  S  GOTLAND. 

WITH 

ASis  of  AfTembly  and  Parliament,  relative  to, 
and  approbative  of,  the  fame. 


Deu:.  vi.  6,  7.  And  thefe  words  which  I  co7nmand  thee  this  day 
J  hall  be  in  thine  heart.  And  thou  Jhalt  teach  t/iem  diligently  unto 
thy  c'.ildrm;  and  Jhalt  talk  of  thetn  when  thou  fittejl  in  thine 
houfe^  aid  when  thou  walke/l  by  the  way,  and  when  thou lieji 
down,  and  when  thou  rife  ft  up. 


EDINBURGH: 

Printed  by  the  Assigns  of  Alexander  Kincaid,  His  Majefty's  Printer. 
MDCCLXXXI. 


The    general    CONTENTS 


I.nPHE  Preface,  by  fundry 
'■'    Englifh  Divines. 

II.  Mr.  Manton's  Epiille  to  the 
Reader. 

III.  The  ConfefTion  of  Faith. 

IV.  The  Larger  Catechifm. 

V.  The  Shorter  Catechifm. 

VI.  The  Sum  of  Saving  Know- 
ledge. 

VII.  The  National  Covenant. 


VIII.  The  Solemn  League  and 
Covenant. 

IX.  The  Acknowledgement  of 
Sins,  ^c. 

X.  The  Direftory  for  Publick 
Worfhip. 

XL  The  Form  of  Prefbyterlal 

ChurcK-government. 
XII.  The  Diredory  for  Family 

Worfhip. 


T    O     T    H    E 

CHRISTIAN     READER, 

ESPECIALLY 

HEADS    OF    FAMILIES. 

AS  we  cannot  but  with  gi'ief  of  foul  lament  thofe  multi- 
tudes of  errors,  blafphemies,  and  all  kinds  of  profaneneis, 
which  have  in  this  lall  age,  like  a  mighty  deluge,  overflown  this 
nation ;  fo,  among  fcveral  other  fins  which  have  helped  to 
open  the  flood-gates  of  all  thefe  impieties,  we  cannot  but 
efteem  the  difufe  of  family  inftrudion  one  of  the  greateft. 
The  two  great  pillars  upon  which  the  kingdom  of  Satan  is 
ereded,  and  by  wliich  it  is  upheld,  are  ignorance  and  error ; 
the  firll  ilep  of  our  manumiffion  from  this  fpiritual  thraldom 
confifb,  in  having  our  eyes  opened,  and  being  turned  froin  dark* 
nefs  to  light  J  A(5ls  xxvi.  1 8.  How  nmch  the  ferious  endeavours 
of  godly  parents  and  mailers  might  contribute  to  an  early 
fealoning  the  tender  years  of  fuch  as  are  under  their  inipec- 
tion  is  abundantly  evident,  not  only  from  then*  fpecial  influ- 
ence upon  them,  in  refped  of  their  authority  over  them,  in- 
tereft  in  them,  continual  prefence  with  ihem,  and  frequent 
opportunities  of  being  helpful  to  them ;  but  alfo  from  the  fad 
elfeds  which,  by  woeful  experience,  we  find  to  be  the  fruit  of 
the  omilhon  of  this  duty.  It  were  eafy  to  fet  before  you  a 
cloud  of  witnefTes,  die  language  of  whofe  pradice  hath  been 
not  only  an  eminent  coinmendat'icHi  of  this  duty,  but  alib  a  fe- 

A  2  rious 


6  The  Epiflle  to  the  Readier. 

pifts  take  up  theirs,  becaiife  it  is  the  religion  of  the  times  and 
places  wherein  they  live ;  and  what  they  take  up  thus  llightly 
they  lay  down  as  eafily;  Whereas  an  inwai'd  taile  and  rclilli 
of  the  things  of  God  is  an  excellent  prefervative  to  keep  us 
feitled  in  the  moil  unfettled  times.  Corrupt  and  unfavoury 
prmciples  have  great  advantage  upon  us  above  thofe  that  ai'c 
fpiritual  and  found ;  the  former  being  fuitable  to  corrupt  na- 
ture, the  latter  contrary  ;  the  former  fpringing  up  of  them- 
felves,  the  latter  brought  forth  not  without  a  painful  induftry. 
The  ground  needs  no  other  midwifery  in  bringing  forth 
weeds  than  only  the  ncgled  of  the  hiifbandman's  hand  to 
pluck  them  up  ;  the  air  needs  no  other  caufe  of  darknefs 
tiian  the  abfence  of  the  fun ;  nor  water  of  coldnefs  than  its 
diftance  from  the  fire ;  becaufe  thefe  are  the  genuine  pro- 
duds  of  Natui'e.  Were  it  fo  wdth  the  foul,  (as  Ibme  of  the 
pliiloiophers  have  vainly  imagined,)  to  come  into  the  v;orld 
as  an  alrafa  tal^ula,  a  mere  blank  or  piece  of  white  paper,  on 
which  neither  any  thing  is  written,  nor  any  blots,  it  would 
tiien  be  equally  receptive  of  good  and  evil,  and  no  more 
^verfe  to  the  one  than  to  the  other:  but  how  much  worfe  its 
condition  indeed  is,  were  fcripture  lilent,  every  man's  experience 
does  evidently  manifell.  For  who  is  there  that  knows  any  thing 
of  his  own  heart,  and  Jcnows  not  thus  much,  that  the  fug- 
gellions  of  Satan  have  fo  eaiy  and  free  admittance  into  our 
hearts,  that  our  utmoft  \vatchfulnels  is  too  little  to  guard  us 
from  them?  whereas  tlie  motions  of  God's  Spirit  are  fo  un- 
acceptal>je  to  us,  that  our  utmoil  diligence  is  too  little  to  get 
our  hearts  open  to  entertain  them.  Let,  therefore,  the  ex- 
cdieney,  neceility,  difficulty,  of  tiTie  wifdom  ftir  up  endea- 
vours in  you  fomewhat  proportionable  to  fuch  an  accom- 
plish mtnt  ^^/^oi;^  ^l  getting,  get  imderftanding,  Prov.  iv.  7. 
nxiid'feaTv/j  for  wifdom  as  for  hidden  tiy^afures,  Prov.  ii.  4.  It 
jnucli  concerns  you  in  reVped  of  youilclves. 

Quv  firond  advic€  concerns  heads  of  families  in  refped  of 
their  families. .  Whatever  hath  been  faid  already,  though  it 
concerns  every  private  Chriilian  that  hath  a  Ibul  to  look  after, 
yet,  upon  a  double  account,  it  coiKiei-ns  parents  and  mailers, 
as  having  themfelves  and  others  to  look  after :  fome  there 
are,  who,  becaufe  of  tlK;ir  ignorance,  cannot ;  others,  becaufe 
of  their  fluggifhnefs,  will  not,  jnand  this  duty.  To  the  former 

we 


the  Epjftle  to  the  Readn\  '  y 

T\'e  propoimd  the  method  of  Jofliua,  who  firfl  began  with 
himielf,  aiid  then  is  careful  of  his  family.  To  the  latter  we 
fliall  only  hint,  what  a  dreadful  meeting  thofe  parents  and 
mailers  mufl  have  at  that  great  day  with  their  children  and 
fervants,  when  all  that  were  under  their  infpedlion  fhall  not 
only  accufe  them,  but  charge  their  eternal  mifcarrying  upon 
their  Icore. 

Never  did  any  age  of  the  Church  enjoy  fuch  choice  helps 
as  this  of  ours.  Every  age  of  the  gofpel  hath  had  its  Creeds, 
Confeiilons,  Catechiims,  and  fuch  breviaries  and  models  of 
di\inity  as  have  been  fingularly  ufeful.  Such  forms  of  found 
words,  (however  in  theie  days  decried,)  have  been  in  ufe  in 
the  Church  ever  fince  God  himfelf  wrote  the  Decalogue,  as 
a  lunmiary  of  things  to  be  done ;  and  Chrill  taught  us  that 
prayer  of  his,  as  a  dire<^tory  what  to  aflc.  Concerning  the 
iifefulnefs  of  llich  compendiary  fyllems,  fo  much  hath  been 
faid  already  by  a  learned  divine  *  of  this  age,  as  is  fufficienc 
to  fatisfy  all  who  are  not  refoived  to  remain  unfatisfied. 

Concerning  the  particular  excellency  of  thefe  enfuing  ti-ea- 
tifes,  we  judge  it  unneedful  to  mention  thofe  eminent  tcfli- 
monies  which  have  been  given  them  from  perfons  of  known 
worth,  in  relped'of  their  judgment,  leai'ning,  and  integrity, 
both  at  home  and  abroad,  becaufe  themfelves  fpeak  fo  much 
theii-  own  praife ;  gold  Hands  not  in  need  of  varnifli,  nor 
diamonds  of  painting :  give  us  leave  only  to  tell  you,  that 
we  cannot  but  account  it  an  eminent  mercy  to  enjoy  luch 
helps  as  thefe  are.  It  is  ordinary  in  thefe  days  for  men  to 
fpeak  evil  of  things  they  know  not ;  but  if  any  are  poirefTed 
with  mean  thouglus  of  thefe  treatifes,  we  iliali  only  give  the 
fame  counfei  to  tbem  that  Philip  gives  Nathanael,  Cofiie  and 
fee,  John  i.  46.  It  is  no  fmall  advantage  the  reader  now 
hath,  by  the  addition  of  fcriptures  at  large,  whereby  with 
little  pains  he  may  more  profit,  becaufe  with  every  truth  he 
may  behold  its  fcripture-foundation.  And,  indeed,  coniider- 
ing  what  a  Babel  of  opinions,  what  a  ftrange  confufion  of 
tongues,  there  is  this  day  among  them  who  prof  els  they 
fpeak  the  langu;ige  of  Canaan,  there  is  no  intelligent  perion 
but  will  condyle  that  advice  of  the  prophet  efpecially  liiited 
to  fuch  an  age  as  tliis,  Ifa.  viii.  20.  io  the  law,  and  to  the.  te- 
A  4  JimofLy  ; 

*  Do£lor  Tuckjiey  in  his  fermon  on  a  Tim.  1.  13. 


s 


The  Epijile  to  the  Reader. 


Jlmiony;  if  they  /peak  not  according  to  this  vjord,  it  is  hecaufe 
there  is  no  light  i?i  them.  If  the  reverend  and  leariied  com- 
pofers  of  rhefe  enfuing  treatifes  were  willing  to  take  the 
pains  of  annexing  icripture-proofs  to  every  truth,  that  llie 
faith  of  people  might  not  be  built  upon  the  dictates  of  men, 
but  the  authority  of  God,  fo  fome  confiderable  pains  hath 
now  been  further  taken  in  tranfcribing  thofe  fcriptures ;  partly, 
to  prevent  that  grand  inconvenience,  (which  all  former  im- 
preflions,  except  the  Latin,  have  abounded  witli,  to  the  great 
perplexing  and  dilheartening  of  the  reader,)  the  mifquotaticn 
offcripture,  the  mcaneft  reader  being  able,  by  having  the 
%Yords  at  large,  to  rcdify  whatever  miflake  may  be  in  the 
printer  in  citing  the  particular  place ;  partly,  to  prevent  the 
trouble  of  turning  to  every  proof,  which  could  not  but  be 
very  great;  partly,  to  help  the  memories  of  fuch  who  ai'e 
Xvilhng  to  take  the  pains  of  turning  to  every  proof,  but  are 
unable  to  retain  what  they  read ;  and,  partly,  that  this  may 
ferve  as  a  Bible  common-place,  the  feveral  pafiages  of  fcrip- 
ture,  which  are  fcattered  up  and  dow'n  in  the  word,  being  in 
this  book  reduced  to  tlieir  proper  head,  and  tjicreby  giving 
light  each  to  other.  The  advantages,  you  fee,  in  this  defigUi 
are  many  and  great:  the  way  to  i])iritual  knowledge  is 
hereby  made  more  eafy,  and  the  ignorance  of  this  age  more 
inexcufable. 

If,  therefore,  there  be  any  fpark  in  you  of  love  to  God,  be 
not  content  that  any  of  yours  fnould  be  ignorant  of  hini  whom 
you  fo  much  admire,  or  any  haters  of  him  whom  you  fo  much 
love.  If  there  be  any  compaffion  to  the  fouls  of  them  who 
under  your  care,  if  any  regard  of  your  being  found  faitli- 


ar 


fill  in  the  day  of  Chrift,  if  any  relped  to  future  generations, 
labour  to  fow  thefe  feeds  of  knowledge,  wliich  may  grow  up 
in  after^times.  That  you  may  be  faithful  herein  is  the  earned 
prayer  of, 


Henrv  \Vill<inron, 

o.'d.  a.  m.  p. 

J^opiT  Drake. 
"NVilliain  'laylor. 
Samutl  Annefley. 
Thonas  Gi>u;;e. 
Charles  O/T'pring. 
Airhur  Jackfon. 
John  Crofs. 
.S'ainiKl  C:iark. 
Samufl  Slat;  r. 


John  Fuller. 
James  Nalton, 
Thomas  Goodwin. 
Matthew  Pm)l. 
"William  B.ncs. 
John  Lodcr. 
Irancis  Rav.oi  th. 
William  Cooptr. 
IVilliam  Jcnlun. 
Thomas  Nlanton. 
ihoinas  Jacomlj. 


George  Griffitlis. 
Edward  Perkins. 
Ralph  V<  -.r-injEr. 
Jcnmiah  Bvirwcl 
Joiiph  Cluiitiu 
Haf.  Bridges. 
Samuel  >iuilh. 
Samuil  Rowl.s. 
John  Glalcock. 
Lro.  C"0()l;e. 
Jylui  SJufticld. 


Matth"w  Haviland. 
WlUinm  Blackmore, 
Ridianl  Knt'fli. 
Altxander  Priiii^l,-. 
^Villiain  ^Vi(■kill^-. 
'I'iioma;  Watloii. 
J(>hn  Jacklbn. 
John  Scabrookc, 
Jolm  Pcachie. 
Jnmes  Jollife, 


Ubadiali  Lee. 


we 


[    9    3 


Mr.  Thomas  MANTON'sEpiftle  to  the  Reader. 

Christian  Reader, 

I  Cannot  fuppofe  thee  to  be  fiich  a  ftranger  In  England  as 
•to  be  ignorant  of  the  general  complaint  concerning  the 
decay  of  the  power  of  godlinefs,  and  more  efpecially  of  the 
great  corruption  of  youth.  Wherever  thou  goell  thou  wilt 
hear  men  crying  out  of  bad  children  and  bad  fervants ;  whereas 
indeed  the  fource  of  the  mifchief  mufh  be  fought  a  little 
higher  :  it  is  bad  parents  and  bad  mailers  that  make  bad  chil- 
dren and  bad  fervants;  and  we  cannot  blame  fo  much  their 
untowardnefs,  as-  our  own  negligence  in  their  education. 

The  devil  hath  a  great  fpile  at  the  kingdom  of  Chiifl,  and 
he  knoweth  no  fuch  compendious  way  to  crufli  it  in  the  eg^ 
as  by  the  perverfion  of  youth,  and  fupplanting  family-duties. 
He  llriketh  at  all  thofe  duties  which  ai'e  publick  in  the  aflem- 
blies  of  the  faints;  but  thefe  are  too  well  guarded  by  the  fo- 
Icmn  injimdions  and  dying  charge  of  Jefus  Chrift,  as  that  he 
fliould  ever  hope  totally  to  fubvert  and  undermine  them;  but 
at  family-duties  he  ftriketh  with  the  more  fuccefs,  becaufe 
tlie  inflitution  is  not  fo  folemn,  and  the  practice  not  fo  feri- 
oufly  and  confcientioully  regai-ded  as  it  Ihould  be,  and  the 
omilFion  is  not  fo  liable  to  notice  and  publick  cenfure.  Re- 
ligion was  fii-il  hatched  iji  families,  and  there  the  devil  feek- 
eth  to  cruili  it ;  the  families  of  the  Patriai'chs  were  all  Li^ 
churches  God  had  in  the  world  for  the  time ;  and,  therefore, 
(I  fuppofe,)  when  Cain  went  out  from  Adam's  family,  he  is 
laid  to  go  out  from  the  f^ice  of  the  Lord,  Gtn.  iv.  16,  Now. 
the  devil  knoweth  that  this  is  a  blow  at  the  root,  and  a  ready 
way  to  prevent  the  fuccellion  of  churches :  if  he  can  fubvert 
families,  other  focieties  and  communities  will  not  long  flou- 
rilh  and  fubfill  svith  any  power  and  vigour ;  for  there  is  tl;e 
Itock  from  whence  tliey  are  fupplied  both  for  the  prefent  and 
future. 

For  tiie  prefent ;  A  family  is  the  femiiiary  of  Church  ai^d 
State,  and  if  children  be  not  well  principled  there  all  iniT- 
carrieth ;  a  fault  in  the  fii-ft  concodion  is  not  mended  in  the 
fcgond ;  if  youth  be  bred  ill  in  the  family,  tliey  prove  ill  in 

A  s  Church 


:  o  The  EpiJUe  ii3  th£  Reader. 

Church  and  Commonwealth;  there  is  the  fiifl  making  or 
marring,  and  the  prefage  of  their  futm-e  lives  to  be  thence 
taken,  Prov.  xx.  n.  By  family-difcipline,  officers  are  trained 
up  for  the  Church,  i  Tim.  iii.  4.  One  that  ruleth  well  his  oiV7i 
houfe,  Sec.  I  and  there  are  men  bred  up  in  fubjedion  and  obe- 
dience. It  is  noted,  Ads  xxi.  5.  that  the  diiciples  brought 
Paul  on  his  way  with  their  ^vives  and  children ;  their  children 
probably  are  mentioned,  to  intimate,  that  their  parents  would, 
by  then*  own  example  and  afFed:ionate  farewell  to  Paul,  breed 
them  up  in  a  way  of  reverence  and  refped  to  the  pallors  of 
the  Church. 

■  For  the  future ;  It  is  comfortable,  certainly,  to  fee  a  thriv- 
ing nurfery  of  young  plants,  and  to  have  hopes  that  God 
fliail  have  a  people  to  ferve  him  when  we  are  dead  and  gone: 
the  people  of  God  comforted  thernfelves  in  that,  Pfal.  cii.  28. 
'The  children  of  thy  fervants  JhalL  continue,  Sec. 

Upon  all  thefe  confideralions,  how  careful  fliould  miniflers 
and  parents  be  to  train  up  young  ones  whilil  they  are  yet 
pliable,  and,  like  wax,  capable  of  any  form  and  impreflion, 
in  the  knowledge  and  fear  of  God ;  and  betimes  to  inflil  the 
principles  of  our  moil  holy  faith,  as  they  are  drawn  into  a 
Ihort  fum  in  catechifms,  and  fo  altogether  laid  in  the  view  of 
confcience  ?  Surely  thefe  feeds  of  ti'uth  planted  in  the  field 
of  memory,  if  they  work  nothing  elfe,  will  at  leafl  be  a  gi-eat 
check  and  bridle  to  them ;  and,  as  the  cafling  in  of  cold  wa- 
ter doth  flay  the  boiling  of  the  pot,  fomewhat  allay  the  fer- 
vours of  youthful  lufls  and  pafTions. 

I  had,  upon  entreaty,  refolved  to  recommend  to  thee  with 
the  greatefl  earneflnefs  the  work  of  catechifing,  and,  as  a 
meet  help,  the  ufefulnefs  of  this  book,  as  thus  printed  with 
"the  fcriptures  at  large  :  but  meeting  with  a  private  letter  of 
a  very  learned  and  godly  divine,  wherein  that  work  is  excel- 
lently done  to  my  hand,  I  fliall  make  bold  to  tranfcribe  a  part 
of  it,  and  offer  it  to  publick  view. 

The  author  having  bewailed  the  great  dift:ra(5lions,  corrup- 
tions, and  divifions,  that  are  in  the  Church,  he  thus  reprefents 
the  cWe  and  cure:  "  Among  others,  a  principal  caufe  of 
theie  rnifchiefs  is  the  great^and  common  negled  of  the  go- 
vel-nors  of  families,  in  the  difchai-ge  of  that  duty  which  they 
owe  to  God  for  the  fouls  that  are  under  their  charge,  cfpeci- 


allyf 


The  Epiftle  to  the  Reader,  1 1 

ally  m  teaching  them  the  dodrines  of  Chriftianity.  Families 
are  Ibcieties  thatmuit  be  fandified  to  God  as  well  as  churches; 
and  the  governors  of  them  have  as  truly  a  charge  of  the  fouls 
that  are  therein  as  pallors  have  of  the  churches.  But,  alas, 
how  little  is  tliis  confidered  or  regarded!  But  while  negligent 
minifters  are  (defervedly)  call:  out  of  theii*  places,  the  negli- 
gent mafters  of  families  take  themfelves  to  be  almoftblamelefs. 
Tliey  offer  their  children  to  God  in  baplifm,  and  there  they 
promife  to  teach  them  the  do6lrines  of  the  gofpel,  and  bring 
them  up  in  the  nurture  of  the  Lord  ;  but  tliey  ealily  promife 
and  ealily  break  it ;  and  educate  their  childi-eri  for  the  world 
and  the  flefli,  although  they  have  renounced  thefe,  and  de- 
dicated them  to  God»  This  covenant-breaking  with  God, 
and  betraying  the  fouls  of  their  children  to  the  devil,  muft  lie 
heavy  on  them  here  or  hereafter.  They  beget  children,  and 
keep  families,  merely  for  the  world  and  the  flefh  :  but  little 
conlider  what  a  charge  is  committed  to  them,  and  what  it  is 
to  bring  up  a  child  for  God,  and  govern  a  family  as  a  fandi- 
fied  fociety. 

O  how  fweetly  and  fuccefsfully  would  the  work  of  God  go 
on,  if  we  would  but  all  join  together  in  our  feveral  places  to 
promote  it !  Men  need  not  then  run  without  fending  to  be 
preachers ;  but  they  might  find  that  part  of  the  work  that 
belongeth  to^ teem  to  be  enough  for  chem,  and  to  be  the 
bell  that  they  can  be  employed  in.  Efpecially  women  (hoitld 
be  careful  of  this  duty;  becaufe  as  thej  are  mofl  about  their 
children,  and  have  earty  and  frequent  opportunities  to  inilrudl 
them,  fo  this  is  the  principal  fervice  they  can  do  to  God  in 
this  world,  being  reflrained  from  more  publick  work.  And, 
doubtlefs,  many  an  excellent  magillrate  hath  been  fent  into 
the  Commonwealth,  and  many  an  excellent  pallor  into  the 
Church,  and  many  a  precious  faint  to  heaven,  through  the 
Iiap]:>y  pi-eparations  of  a  holy  education,  perhaps  by  a  wo- 
man that  thought  herfelf  ufelefs  and,  uniemceable  to  the 
Church.  Would  parents  but  begin  betimes,  and  labour  to 
affed  the  heaits  of  their  children  with  the  great  matters  of 
cverlafting  life,  and  to  acquaint  them  with  the  fubllance  of 
the  dodrine  of  Chrift,  and,  when  they  find  in  them  the  know- 
ledge and  love  'of  Chrill,  would  bring  them  then  to  the 
palters  of  the  Church  to  be  tried,  confirmed,  and  admitted  to 

A  6  the 


12  7he  Eplflle  io  the  Reader. 

tlie  further  privileges  of  the  Church,  what  happy  well-ordered 
churches  might  we  have!  Then  one  paftor  need  not  be  put  to  do 
the  work  of  two  or  three  hundred  or  thoufand  governors  of 
families,  even  to  teach  their  children  thofe  principles  which 
they  Ihould  have  taught  them  long  before ;  nor  fliould  we 
be  put  to  preach  to  fo  many  milerable  ignorant  fouls,  that  be 
not  prepared  by  education  to  underftand  us;  nor  ihould  we 
have  need  to  fliut  out  fo  many  from  holy  communion  upon 
the  account  of  ignorance,  that  yet  have  not  the  grace  to  feel 
it  and  lament  it,  nor  the  wit  and  patience  to  wait  in  a  learn- 
ing Hate  till  they  are  ready  to  be  fellow-citizens  with  the 
faints,  and  of  the  houfehold  of  God.  But  now  they  come  to 
.us  with  aged  felf-conceitednefs,  being  pafl  children,  and  yet 
worfe  than  children  Hill ;  having  the  ignorance  of  children, 
but  being  overgrown  the  teachablenefs  of  children  ;  and  think 
themfelves  wife,  yea,  wife  enough  to  quarrel  with  the  wiled 
of  their  teachers,  becaufe  they  have  lived  long  enough  to  have 
been  wife,  and  tlie  evidence  of  their  knowledge  is  their  aged 
ignorance;  and  they  are  readier  to  flee  in  our  faces  for 
church-privileges  than  to  learn  of  us,  and  obey  our  inilruc- 
tions,  till  they  are  prepared  for  them,  that  they  may  do  them 
good ;  like  fnappifh  curs,  that  vail  fnap  us  by  the  lingers 
for  their  meat,  and  fnatch  it  out  of  our  hands ;  and  not  like 
children,  that  Hay  till  we  give  it  them.  Paretics  have  fo  ufcd 
them  to  be  unruly,  that  miniders  have  to  deal  but  with  too 
few  but  the  unruly.  And  it  is  for  want  of  this  laying  the 
foundation  well  at  firft,  that  profelfors  tliemfelves  are  fo  ig- 
norant as  moll  are,  and  that  fo  many,  efpecially  of  the 
younger  fort,  do  fw allow  down  almoll  any  error  that  is  of- 
fered them,'  and  follow  any  fed:  of  dividers  that  will  entice 
them,  ib  it  be  but  dune  with  earnellnefs  and  plaulibility. 
For,  alas !  though  by  the  grace  of  God,  then-  hearts  may  be 
changed  in  an  hour,  (whenever  they  undcriland  but  the  ellen- 
tials  of  the  faith,)  yet  their  underllandings  mull  have  time 
and  diligence  to  furniih  them  with  fuch  knowledge  as  niuil 
llabiiCh  them,  and  fortify  them  againfl  deceits.  Upon  thefc, 
and  many  the  like  conhderations,  we  Ihould  entreat  all  Chi"i- 
dian  families  to  take  more  pains  in  this  necellary  work,  and 
to  get  better  acquainted  with  the  fubftance  of  Chriilianitj. 
A;id  to  that  end,  (taking  along  fomc  moving  trcatifcs  to 

awake 


The  Epiftle  to  the  Reader,  i  j 

awake  the  heaitj  I  know  not  what  work  fliould  be  fitter  for 
their  iile  than  that  compiled  by  the  Airembly  at  Wcftniinfter; 
a  Synod  of  as  godly,  judicious  divines,  (notwithftanding  all  the 
bitter  words  which  they  have  received  from  difcontented 
and  felf-conceited  men,)  I  verily  think,  as  ever  England  faw. 
Though  they  had  the  tinhappinefs  to  be  employed  in  cala- 
] nitons  times,  when  the  noife  of  wars  did  ll:op  men's  ears,  and 
tlie  licentioufnefs  of  wars  did  let  every  wanton  tongue  and 
pen  at  liberty  to  reproach  them-,  and  the  profecution  and 
event  of  thofe  wars  did  exafperate  partial  difcontented  men 
to  diilionour  themfelves  by  feeking  to  diflionour  them ; 
I  dare  fay,  if  in  the  days  of  old,  when  councils  were  in  power 
and  account,  they  had  had  but  fuch  a  council  of  bifliops  as 
this  of  prefbyters  was,  the  fame  of  it  for  learning  and  holi- 
jicfs,  and  all  miniflerial  abilities,  would,  with  very  great  ho- 
nour, have  been  tranfmitted  to  pollerity. 

I  do,  therefore,  defu-e,that  allmaflers  of  families  would  firll 
lludy  well  this  work  themfelves,  and  then  teach  it  their  chil- 
dren and  fervants,  according  to  their  fever al  capacities.  And, 
if  they  once  underiland  thele  grounds  of  religion,  they  will 
be  able  to  read  other  books  more  underflandingly,  and  hear 
fernions  more  profitably,  and  confer  more  jutlicioufly,  and 
hold  fad  the  dodrine  of  Chrifh  more  fii'mly,  than  ever  yoii 
ai*e  like  to  do  by  any  other  courfe.  Firlf,  let  them  read  and 
learn  the  Shorter  Catechifm,  and  next  the  Larger,  and  lallly, 
read  the  Confeflion  of  Faith/' 

Thus  far  he,  whofe  name  I  fnall  conceal,  (though  the  ex- 
cellency of  the  matter,  and  prefent  ftyle,  will  eafily  difcover 
him,}  becauie  I  have  publiflied  it  without  liis  privity  and  con- 
fciir,  though,  I  hope,,  not  againri:  his  liking  and  approbation. 
I  ill  all  add  no  more,  but  that  1  am, 

Tliy  fervant, 

In  tlie  Lord^s  work, 

THOMAS  MANTON, 


M 


C      14     1 

All  Ordinance  of  the  Lords  and  Commons  aflem- 
bled  in  Parliament,  for  the  callino-  of  an  Af- 
fembly  of  learned  and  godly  Divines,  and 
otherS)  to  be  con  fill  ted  with  by  the  Parliament, 
for  the  fettling  of  the  p;overnment  and  liturgy 
of  the  Chnrch  of  England  ;  and  for  vindica- 
ting and  clearing  of  the  doctrine  of  the  faid 
Church,  from  falfe  aljoei'fions  and  interpreta- 
tions.  'Jufie  1 5 .  1 64  3 . 

WHEREAS,  amongft  the  infinite  bleffings  of  Almighty 
God  upon  this  nation,  none  is  nor  can  be  more  dear 
unto  us  than  the  purity  of  our  religion  :  and  for  that,  as  yet, 
many  things  remain  in  the  liturgy,  difcipline,  and  govern- 
ment of  the  Church;  which  do  neccffarily  require  a  furthei* 
and  more  pcrftifl  reformation  than  as  yet  hath  been  attain- 
ed ;  and  whereas  it  hath  been  declared  and  refolved  by  the 
Lords  and  Commons  alfembled  in  Parliament,  that  the  pre- 
fent  Church-government  by  archbidiops,  their  chancellors, 
commillars,  deans,  deans  and  chapters,  archdeacons,  and  other 
eccleiiaflical  officers  depending  upon  the  hierarchy,  is  evil, 
and  juftly  oifenfive  and  burdenfome  to  the  kingdom,  agi'eat 
impediment  to  reformation  and  growth  of  religion,  and  very 
prejudicial  to  the  flate  and  government  of  this  kingdom ; 
and  therefore  they  are  refolved  that  the  fame  fliall  be  taken 
away  :  and  that  fuch  a  government  fliall  be  fettled  in  the 
Church  as  may  be  moft  agreeable  to  God's  holy  word,  and 
mod:  apt  to  procure  and  preferve  the  peace  of  the  Church  at 
home,  and  nearer  agreement  with  the  Church  of  Scotland, 
and  other  reformed  Churches  abroad  ;  and,  for  the  better 
effecting  hereof,  and  for  the  vindicating  and  clearing  of  the 
doctrine  of  the  Church  of  England  from  all  faUe  calumnies 
and  afperfions,  it  is  thought  fit  and  necefTary  to  call  an  Af- 
fembly  of  learned,  godly,  and  judicious  Divines,  who,  toge- 
tlicr  with  fome  members  of  both  the  Houfes  of  Padiament, 
are  to  confult  and  advife  of  fuch  matters  and  things,  touching 
the  premifles,  as  fliall  be  propofed  unto  them  by  both  or 
either  of  the  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  to  give  their  advice 
und  counfel  therein  to  both  or  either  of  the  faid  Houfes, 

when, 


C    '5    ] 

when,  and  as  often  as  they  {hall  be  thereunto  required  :  be 
it,  therefore,  ordained,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  this 
prefent  Parliament  afleiribled,  lliat  all  and  every  the  perfons 
hereafter  in  this  prefent  ordinance  named,  that  is  to  lay,— — 
And  fuch  other  perfon  or  perfons  as  ihali  be  nominated 
and  appointed  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  or  fo  many  of 
them  as  fliall  not  be  letted  by  hcknefs,  or  other  neceffary 
impediment,  (hall  meet  and  aifemble,  and  are  hereby  re- 
quired and  enjoined,  upon  fummons  ligned  by  the  clerks  of 
both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  left  at  their  i-efpective  dwellings, 
to  meet  and  aflemble  themlelves  at  Weftminrter,  in  the 
chapel  called  King  Henry  the  Vllth's  chapel,  on  the  iirll:  day 
of  July,  in  the  ye?r  of  oiu*  Lord  One  thoufand  fix -hundred 
and  foity-three ;  and  after  the  firft  meeting,  being  at  leall 
the  number  of  foity,  fliall  from  time  to  time  £t,.  and  be  re- 
moved  from  place  to  place,  and  alfo  that  the  faid  Affembly 
ihall  be  diilblved,  in  fuch  mannei*  as  by  both  Houfes  of  Par- 
liament fliall  be  dire<^led  :  and  the  faid  perfons,  or  fo  many  of 
them  as  fliall  be  fo  alfembled,  or  fit,  ihall  have  po^er  and 
authority,  and  are  hereby  like  wife  enjoined  from  time  to 
time,  during  tliis  preicnt  Parliament,  or  until  further  order 
be  taken  by  both  the  laid  Houfes,  to  confer  and  treat  among 
tliemfelves  of  fuch  matters  and  things,  touching  and  con- 
cerning the  liturgy,  difcipline,  and  government  of  the  Church 
of  England,  for  the  vindicating  and  clearing  of  the  dodrine 
of  the  fame  from  all  falfe  afperfions  and  mifconllruc^ions,  as 
fliall  be  propofed  unto  them  by  both  or  either  of  the  faid 
Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  no  other ;  and  deliver  their  opinion, 
advices  of,  or  touching  the  matters  aforefaid,  as  fliall  be  moll 
agi*eeable  to  the  word  of  God,  to  both  or  either  of  the  Houfes 
from  time  to  time,  in  fuch  manner  and  fort  as  by  both  or 
either  of  the  faid  Houfes  of  Parliament  fliall  "be  required  ; 
and  the  fame  not  to  divulge,  by  i^rinting,  writing,  or  other* 
wife,  without  the  confent  of  both  or  either  Houfe  of  Parlia- 
ment. And  be  it  further  ordained  by  the  authority  aforefaid, 
That  William  Twifle  doctor  in  divinity  fliall  fit  in  the  chair, 
as  prolocutor  of  the  faid  AflTembly  ;  and  if  he  happen  to  die, 
or  be  letted  by  ficknefs,  or  other  necefiary  impediment,  then 
fuch  other  perfon  to  be  appointed  in  his  place  as  Ihall  be 
agreed  on  by  the  faid  Houfes  of  Parliament :  And  in  cafe  any 

difference 


E    i6    3 

tlifference  in  opinion  fliail  happen  amongil  the  faid  perfons 
fo  aircmbled,  touching  any  the  matters  tliat  iliall  be  propofed 
to  them  as  forefaid,  that  then  they  ihall  reprefent  the  lame, 
together  with  the  reafons  thereof,  to  both  or  cither  the  faid 
Jloufes  refpedively,  to  the  end  fuch  further  diredion  may  be 
given  therein  as  fliall  be  requifite  to  that  behalf.  And  be  it 
further  ordained  by  the  authority  aforefaid,  I'hat,  for  the 
charges  and  expences  of  the  faid  Divines,  and  every  one  of 
them,  in  attending  the  faid  fervice,  there  fhall  be  allowed 
every  one  of  them  that  fliall  fo  attend,  during  the  time  of 
their  faid  attendance,  and  for  ten  days  before  and  ten  days 
after,  the  fum  of  four  iliillings  for  every  day,  at  the  charges 
of  the  Commonwealth,  at  fuch  time,  and  in  fuch  manner, 
as  by  both  lioufes  of  Parliament  fliall  be  appointed.  And  be 
it  further  ordained,  Tiiat  all  and  every  the  faid  Divines,  fo, 
as  aforefaid,  required  and  enjoined  to  meet  and  aifemble, 
iliall  be  freed  and  acquitted  of  and  from  every  offence,  for- 
feiture, penalty,  lofs,  or  damage,  which  fliall  or  may  enfue 
or  grow  by  reaibn  of  any  non-refidence  or  abfence  of  them, 
or  any  of  them,  from  his  or  their,  or  any  of  their  church, 
churches,  or  cures,  for  or  in  refped  of  their  faid  attendance 
upon  the  laid  fervice ;  any  law  or  flatute  of  non-reiidence, 
or  other  law  or  flatute  enjoining  their  attendance  upon  their 
refpedive  minillries  or  charges,  to  the  contrary  thereof  not- 
withflanding.  And  if  any  of  the  pcrfons  above  named  fnall 
happen  to  die  before  the  faid  Ailembly  fliall  be  diffolved  by 
order  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  then  fuch  other  perfon 
or  perfons  fliall  be  nominated  and  placed  in  the  room  and 
{lead  of  fuch  perfon  or  perfons  fo  dying,  as  by  both  the 
faid  Houfes  fhall  be  thought  fit  and  agreed  upon ;  and  every 
fuch  perfon  or  perfons,  fo  to  be  named,  fliall  have  the  like 
power  and  authority,  freedom  and  acquittal,  to  all  intents 
and  purpofes,  and  alfo  all  fuch  wages  and  allowances  for  the 
faid  fervice,  during  the  time  of  his  or  their  attendance,  as  to 
any  other  of  the  faid  perfons  in  this  ordinance  is  by  this 
ordinance  limited  and  appointed.  Provided  always,  That  this 
ordinance,  or  any  thing  therein  contained,  fliall  not  give 
unto  the  perfons  aforefaid,  or  any  of  them,  nor  fhall  they 
in  this  AfTembly  affume  to  exercife  any  jurifdiaion,  power, 
or  authority  ecclefiaflical  whatfocver,  or  any  other  power 
than  is  herein  pai*ticulai-ly  expreffcd.  /Jfemtly 


C    17   3 

AjfemUy  atEDINBURGH,y^?(gw/?.i9. 1643.  5#i4. 

Coinmiffion  of  the  General  AfTernbly  to  fome 
Miniilers  and  Ruling  Elders,  for.  repairing  to 
the  Kingdom  of  England.     "-..J  ,  , 

THE  Gdiei-al  AlTembly  of  the  Church  of  Scotland,  find- 
'm%  it  necdlary  to  lend  fome  godly  and  learned  of  this 
Kirk  to  the  kingdom  of  England  to  the  effed  underwritten; 
therefore  gives  full  power  and  commiflion  to  Mr.  Alexander 
Henderfon;  Mr.  Robert  Douglas,  Mr.  Samuel  Rutherford, 
Mr.  Robert  Baillie,  and  Mr.  George  Gillefpie,  Miniflers,  Jolin 
Earl  of  Caflilis,  John  Lord  Maitland,  and  Sir  Archibald 
•  Johnitoun  of  Wariftoun,  Elders,  pr  any  three  of  them,  where- 
of two  fhall  be  Miniilers,  to  repair  to  the  kingdom  of  Eng- 
land, and  there  to  deliver  the  declaration  lent  unto  the 
Parliament  of  England,  and  tlie  letter  fent  nnto  the  Ailembly 
of  Divines  now  fitting  in  that  Kingdom ;  and  to  propone, 
confult,  treat,  and  conclude,  with  that  Ailembly,  or  any  Coni- 
miilioners  deputed  by  them,  or  any  Committees  or  Commif^ 
iioners  deputed  by  the  Houles  of  Parliament,  in  all  matters 
"which  may  further  the  union  of  this  111  and  in  one  Form  of 
Kirk  -  government,  one  Confeilion  of  Faith,  one  Catechifm, 
one  Directory  for  the  worliiip  of  God,  according  to  the  in- 
ftruftions  which  they  have  received  from  the  Aifembly,  or 
fliall  receive  from  time  to  time  hereafter  from  the  CommiU- 
Iioners  of  the  AfTembly,  deputed  for  that  ^&^ ;  with  power 
alfo  to  them  to  convey  to  His  Majefly  the  humble  anfwer 
fent  from  this  AlTembly  to  His  Majelty's  letter,  by  fuch  occa- 
fion  as  they  fliall  think  convenient ;  and  ficklike,  to  deliver 
the  Allembly's  anfwer  to  the  letter  fent  from  fome  well- 
affe(^ed  brethren  of  the  miniftry  there;  and,  generally,  autho- 
rizes them  to  do  all  things  which  may  further  the  {o  much 
defu-ed  union,  and  neareft  conjunction  of  the  two  Churches  of 
Scotland  and  England,  conform  to  their  in{lriid:ions  aforefaid. 

Many  of  the  perfons  who  were  called  by  the  fore/aid  Ordu 
nance  of  the  Lords  and  Commons  fin  that  broken  fhte  of 
the  Church)  to  attend  the  JJJhnbly  appeared  not;  vjhsre- 
iLpm  the  vjhole  vjork  lay  on  the  hands  of  the  perfons  here- 
after  nisritiomd* 

The 


C      20       ] 

AJi^mhly  at  EDINBURGH,  Augi'fl  27.  1647.  5^^ 23. 
Aft  approving  the  Confession  of  Faith^ 

AConfefTion  of  Faith  for.  tire  Kirks  of  God  in  the  three 
kingdoms,  being  the  chiefefl  part  of  that  uniformity  in 
religion,  which,  by  the  Solemn  League  and  Covenant,  we  ai-e 
bound  to  endeavour.  And  there  being  accordingly  a  Con- 
feflion  of  Faith  agreed  upon  by  the  Aflembly  of  Divines  fitting 
at  WeftminflcM-,  with  the  affiftrance  of  CommifQoners  from 
the  Kirk  of  Scotland;  which  Con feffion  \\-as  fent  fi-om  ovx 
Comniiiiioners  at  London  to  the  Comniiflioners  of  the  Kirk 
met  at  Edinburgh  in  Januaiy  laft,  and  hath  been  in  this  Al*- 
fembiy  twice  publickly  read  over,  examined,  and  confidered; 
copies  rliereof  being  alfo  printed,  that  it  niiglit  be  particularly 
peruicd  by  all  the  members  of  this  Aflembly,  unto  whom 
frequent  intimation  was  publickly  made  to  put  in  their  doubts 
and  objeftions,  if  they  had  any.  And  the  faid  ConfefHon  be- 
Aiii^/^^ip^ii  ^^^^  ;examination  tiiereof,  found  by  die  AiTembly 
to  be  moft  agreeable  to  the  w^ord  of  God,,  and  in  nothing 
contrary  to  the  received  dotT:rine,  worfhip,  difcipline,  and 
government  of  this  Kirk.  And,  laftly.  It  being  fo  neceflary, 
jand  fo  much  longed  for,  that  the  faid  Gonfellion  be,  with 
all  poffible  diligence  and  ex}x;dition,  approved  and  ellabliflied 
in  both  kingdoms,  as  a  principal  part  of  the  intended  unifor- 
mity in  religion,  and  as  a  Ipecial  means  for  the  more  eifedual 
fuppreffing  of  the  many  dangerous  eiTors  and  herelies  of  thefe 
times;  the  General  Aflembly  doth,  therefore,  after  mature 
deliberation,  agree  unto,  and  approve  the  laid  Confeiiion,  as 
to  the  truth  of  the  matter;  (judging  it  to  be  moit  orthodox, 
and  g]-ounded  upon  the  word  of  God;)  and  alfo,  as  to  the 
point  of  uniformity,  agreemg  for  our  part,  that  it  be  a  com- 
mon Confcflio]!  of  Faith  for  the  three  kingdoms.  The  Af- 
fembly  doth  alfo  blefs  the  Lord,  and  thankfully  acknowledge 
liis  great  mercy,  in  that  fo  excellent  a  Confeflion  of  Faith  is 
prepared,  and  thus  far  agreed  upon  in  both  kingdoms;  which 
■we  look  upon  as*  a  gi'eat  fl:reng:hening  of  the  true  reformed 
religion  againfl;  the  common  enemies  thereof.    But,  lefl:  our 

intention 


(      21      ) 

intenfion  ancT  meaning  be  in  fome  particulars  milunderftood, 
it  is  hei-eby  cxprefsly  declared  and  provided,  That  the  not 
mentioning  in  this  Confclfion  the  feveral  forts  of  ecclefiaflical 
officers  and  afTemblies  iliali  be  no  prejudice  to  the  truth  of 
Cbriil:  jn  thefe  particulars  to  be  exprefled  fully  in  the  Di- 
reolory  of  Government.  It  is  further  declared,  That  the 
Aflembly  underllandeth  fome  parts  of  the  fecond  article  of 
the  thirty-one  chapter  only  of  kirks  not  fettled,  or  conftituted 
in  point  of  government :  And  that  although,  in  fuch  kirks,  a 
fynod  of  Minifters,  and  other  fit  perfons,  may  be  called  by  the 
Magiflrate's  authority  and  fiomination,  without  any  other  call, 
to  coniiilt  and  advife  with  about  matters  of  religion  ;  and  al- 
though, likewife,  the  Minifters  of  Chrift,  without  delegation 
from  their  churches,  may  of  themfelves,  and  by  virtue  of  their 
office,  meet  together  fynodically  in  fuch  kirks  not  yet  confti- 
tuted, yet  neither  of  thefe  ought  to  be  done  in  kirks  confti- 
tuted and  fettled;  it  being  always  free  to  the  Magiftrate  to 
advife  with  fynods  of  minifters  and  ruling  elders,  meeting 
upon  delegation  from  their  chui'ches,  either  ordinarily,  or, 
being  indidled  by  his  authority,  occafionally,  and  pro  re  7iata; 
it  bcmg  alfo  free  to  aflcmble  together  fynodically,  as  well  pm 
re  nata  as  at  the  ordinary  times,  upon  delegation  from  the 
churches,  by  the  intrinfical  power  received  from  Chrift,  as 
often  as  it  is  neceffary  for  the  good  of  the  Church  fo  to  af- 
femble,  in  cafe  the  Magiftrate,  to  the  detriment  of  the  Church, 
with-hold  or  deny  his  confent ;  the  neceflity  of  occafional  af- 
femblies  being  lirft  renionftrate  unto  him  by  humble  fuppli- 
-cation. 

A.  KER, 


Charles  I, 


[      22      ] 

Charles  L  ParL  2.  SefT.  2.  Aft  16. 

AC  T  anent  the  Catechifms,  ConfefTion  of  Faith, 
and  ratification  thereof. 

At  EDINBURGH,  February  7.  1649. 

THE  Eftates  of  Parliament,  now  prefcntly  conveened  in 
this  fecond  Seflion  of  the  fecond  triennial  Parliament, 
by  virtue  of  an  Ad  of  the  Committee  of  Eftates,  who  had 
power  and  authority  from  the  lall:  Parliament  for  conveening 
the  Parliament,  having  ferioiifly  confidered  the  Catechifms, 
viz,  the  Larger  and  Shoiter  ones,  with  the  Confeilion  of 
Faith,  with  three  Acls  of  Approbation  tliereof  by  the  Com- 
rniHioners"  of  the  General  Aflembly,  prefented  unto  them  by 
the  Commillioners  of  the  faid  General  AfTembly ;  do  ratify 
and  approve  the  faid  Catechifms,  Confeilion  of  Faith,  and 
Ac^s  of  Approbation  of  the  fame,  produced  as  it  is ;  and  or- 
dains them  to  be  recorded,  publilhed,  aixd  pradifed. 


THE 


THE 

CONFESSION  OF   FAITH, 

AGREED     UPON    B  Y     THE 

ASSEMBLY  of  DIVINES 

A  T 

WESTMINSTER, 

WITH    THE    ASSISTANCE    OF 

COMINIISSIONEIIS 

FROM     THE 

CHURCH  OF   SCOTLAND, 

A   S 

A  Part  of  the  Covenanted  Uniformity  in  Religion  betwixt 
the  Churches  of  Christ  in  the  Kingdoms  of  Scotland, 
England,  and  Ireland. 

Approved  by  the  General  Affembly  1647,  and  ratified  and  eftablifh- 
ed  by  Acts  of  Parliament  1649  and  1690,  as  the  publick  and 
avowed  Confession  of  the  Church  of  Scotland. 

WITH    THE 

PROOFS  FROM  THE  SCRIPTURE. 


EDINBURGH: 

Printed  by  the  AssiONS  of  Alexander  Kincaid,  His  Majefty's  Printer. 
MDCCLXXXI. 


The    contents. 


Chap. 

I.  /^F  the  Holy  Scripture. 

II.  v7  Of  God,  and  of  the  Holy 

Trinity. 
in.  Of  God's  Eternal  Decree. 

IV.  Of  Creation. 

V.  Of  Providence. 

VI.  Of  the  Fall  of  Man,  of  Sin, 
and  of  the  Punifhment  thereof. 

VII.  Of  God's   Covenant  with 
Man. 

VJII.  Of  Chrift  the  Mediator. 

IX.  Of  Free  Will. 

X.  Of  Kffeaual  Calling. 

XI.  Of  Juftiftcation. 

XII.  Of  Adoption. 

XIII.  Of  Sanaification. 

XIV.  6/ Saving  Faith. 

XV.  Of  Repentance  unto  Life. 

XVI.  Of  Good  Works. 

XVII.  OfthePerfeveranceofthe 
Saints. 


Chat. 

XVIII.  Of  Affurance  of  Grace 
and  Salvation. 

XIX.  Of  the  Law  of  God. 

XX.  Of  Chriftian  Liberty,  and 
Liberty  of  Confcience. 

XXI.  Of  Religious  Worfliip,  and 
the  Sabbath-day. 

XXII.  Of  lawful  Oaths  and  Vows. 

XXIII.  Of  the  Civil  Magiflrate. 

XXIV.  Of  Marriage  and  Divorce. 

XXV.  Of  the  Church. 

XXVI.  Of  Communion  of  Saints. 

XXVII.  Of  the  Sacraments. 

XXVIII.  Of  Baptifm. 

XXIX.  Of  the  Lord's  Supper. 
IXXX.  Of  Church  Cenfures. 

,  XXXI.  Of  Synods  and  Councils. 

XXXII.  Ofthe  State  of  Men  after 
Death,  and  of  the  Refurreftion 
of  the  Dead. 

XXXIII.  Ofthe  laft  Judgment. 


THE 

CONFESSION 


OF    FAITH, 


Agreed  upon  by  the  AlTembly  of  Divines  at  Weft- 
minfter:  Examined  and  a}3proved,  Aniio  1647, 
by  the  General  Aflembly  ofthe  Church  of 
Scot  LAND ;  and  ratified  by  AcSts  of  Parhament 
1649  and  1690. 


C?IAP.  L     Of  the  Holy  Scripture. 

ALTHOUGH  the  light  of  nature,  and  the  works  of 
creation  and  providence,  do  io  far  manifell  the  goodnelb, 
jfdoni,  and  power  of  God,  as  to  leave  men  inexcufable  ^ ; 

yeC 

in  the  law,  thefe  having  not  the 

law,  are  a  law  imto  themfdves  : 

V.  15.  Which  ftiew  the  v.o^k  of 

B  the 


Rom.  11.  14.  For  when  the 
Gentiles,  which  have  not  the  law, 
tlo  by  nature  the  thin^b  contained 


26 


7hc  Confefflon  of  Faith, 


Chap.  I. 


yet  they  are  not  fufficient  to  give  that  knowledge  of  God,  and 
of  his  will,  which  is  neccllliry  unto  falvation  ^ :  therefore  it 
pleafcd  the  Lord,  at  fandry  times,  and  in  diverfe  manners,  to 
reveal  himi'elf,  and  to  declare  that  his  will  unto  his  Church  ^ ; 
and  afterwards,  for  the  better  preferving  and  propagating  of 
the  truth,  and  for  the  more  fure  edablifhment  and  comfort 
of  the  Church  againfl  the  corruption  of  the  tiefh,  and  the 
malice  of  Satan  and  of  the  world,  to  commit  the  fame  wholly 
unto  writing  ^ :  which  iitaketh  the  holy  fcripture  to  be  moil: 

necef- 


the  law  \vritten  In  their  hearts, 
their  confcience  alfo  bearing  wit- 
nefs,  and  their  thoughts  the  mean 
xvhile  accufing  or  elfe  exciifing 
one- another.  Rom.  i.  19.  Becaufe 
that  which  may  be  known  of  God 
is  manifeft  in  theni ;  for  God  hath 
ihewed  it  unto  them.  V.  20.  For 
the  invifible  things  of  him  from 
the  creation  of  the  world  are 
clearly  feen,  being  underftood  by 
tlie  things  that  are  made,  even  his 
eternal  power  and  Godhead;  fo 
that  they  are  without  excufe. 
Pfal.  xix.  I .  The  heavens  declare 
the  glory  of  God  ;  and  the  firma- 
ment (heweth  his  handy-work. 
V.2.  Day  unto  day  utterethfpeech, 
and  night  unto  night  flieweth 
knowledge.  V.  3.  There  is  no 
fpeech  nor  language  where  their 
voice  is  not  heard.  Rom.  i.  32. 
Who  knowing  the  judgment  of    in  counfels  and  knowledge ;  V.  2 


pleafed  God  by  the  foolifhnefs  of 
preaching  to  fave  them  fhat  be- 
lieve. I  Cor.  ii.  13.  Which  things 
alfo  we  fpeak,  not  in  the  words 
which  man's  wifdom  teacheth, 
but  which  the  Holy  Gholt  teach- 
eth ;  comparing  fpiritual  things 
with  fpiritual .  V.  1 4. But  the  na- 
tural man  receiveth  not  the  things 
of  the  Spirit  of  God  ;  for  they  are 
foolirtinefs  unto  him  :  neither  can 
he  know  them,  becaufe  they  are 
fpiritually  difcerned. 

"^  Heb.  i.  I,  God,  who  at  fun- 
dry  times,  and  in  diverfe  manners, 
fpake  in  time  pall:  unto  the  fathers 
by  the  prophets. 

■^  Prov.  xxii.  19.  That  thy 
trufl  may  be  in  the  Lord,  I  have 
made  known  to  thee  this  day, 
even  to  thee.  V.  20.  Have  not  I 
written  to  thee  excellent  things 


God,  (that  they  which  commit 
fuch  things  are  worthy  of  death, ) 
not  only  do  the  fame,  but  have 
pleafure  in  them  that  do  them. 
With  Rom.  ii.  i .  Therefore  thou 
art  inexcufable,  O  man,  whofo- 
ever  thcu  art  that  judged;  for 
wherein  thou  judgell  another 
thou  condemned  thyfelf;  for 
thou  that  judged  doeft  the  fame 
things. 

b  I  Cor.  i.  21.  For  after  that, 
in  the  wifdom  of  God,  the  world 
by  wifdom  knew  not  God,   it 


That  I  might  make  thee  know  the 
certainty  of  tlie  words  of  truth, 
that  thou   mighteft   anfwer  the 
words  of  truth  to  thein  that  fend 
unto  thee?    Luke  i.  3.  Itfeemcdl 
good  to  me  alfo,  having  had  per- 1 
fe£t  underdanding  of  all   things} 
from  the  very  fird,  to  wri^e  unto 
thee  in  order,  mod  excellent  The- 
ophilus;  V.4.  Tliat  thoumighted 
know  the  certaintyof  thofe  things, 
wherein  thou  hadbeen  indructed. 
Rom.  XV. 4 .  For  whatfoever  things 
were    written   aforetime,    wertf 
written 


Chap.  r.  ne  Confefmn  of  Faith.  17 

necefTary « ;  tjiofe  former  ways  of  God's  revealing  his  will 
unto  his  people  being  no\v  ccafed  ^ 

II.  Under  the  name  of  Holy  Scripture,  or  the  Word  of 
.God  written,  are  now  contained  all  the  Books  of  the  Old  and 
New  Teflament,  which  are  thefe : 

Of  the  Old   Testament, 


Genefis. 

Exodus. 

Leviticus. 

Ntiinbers. 

Deuteronomy. 

Jodiua. 

judges. 

Ruth. 

I.  Samuel. 

II.  Samuel. 

I.  Kings. 

II.  Kings. 

-I.  Clironiclcs. 


WTitten  for  our  learning ;  that  we 
through  patience  and  comfort  of 
the  fcriptnres  might  have  hope. 
Mat.  iv.  4.  But  he  anfwered,  and 
faid,  It  is  written,  Man  fliall  not 
live  by  bread  alone,  but  by  every 
\vord  that  proceedeth  out  of  the 
mouth  of  God.  V.  7.  Jefus  faid 
inuo  h:ir:,  It  is  written  again, 
Thou  ilialt  not  tempt  the  Lord  thy 
God.  V.  10.  Then  faith  Jefus  un- 
to him.  Get  thee  hence,-  Satan  : 
for  it  is  written,  Thou  (halt  wor- 
ihip  the  Lord  thy  God,  and  him 
only  flialtthouferve.  lia.  viif.  19. 
And  when  theylhall  fay  unto  you, 
Seek  unto  them  that  have  faji  i- 
liar  fpirits,  and  unto  wizards  that 
peep  and  that  mutter  •.  (hould  not 
fe  people  feek  unto  their  God? 
for  the  living  to  the  dead?  V.20. 
pToth^  law,  and  to  theteftimony : 


II.  Clii'onicles. 

Daniel. 

Ezra. 

Hofea. 

Nehemiah. 

Joel. 

Efther. 

,  An:o3. 

Job. 

Obadiah. 

Pfalms. 

Jonah, 

Proverbs. 

Micah. 

Ecclefiaftes. 

Nalium. 

TheSongofS<c/ags. 

Habakkuk. 

Ifaiah. 

Zephaniah. 

Jeremiah. 

Haggai. 

Lamentations. 

Zechariah. 

Ezekiel. 

Maiachi. 

0^ 

if  they  fpeak  not  according  to  this 
word,  it  is  becaufe  there  is  no 
light  in  them. 

^  2  Tim.  iii.  15.  Andthatfrora 
a  child  thou  haft  known  the  holy 
fcriptures,  which  are  able  to  make 
thee  wife  unto  falvation,  through 
faith  which  is  in  Chrift  Jefus. 
2  Pet  i.  19.  We  have  aifo  a  more 
fure  word  of  prophecy,  ^Ahereun- 
to  ye  do  well  that  ye  take  heed,  as 
unto  a  light  that  (hineth  in  a  dark 
place,  until  the  cay  dawn,  and  the 
day-ftar  arifeln  your  hearts. 

*'  Heb.  i.  I.  God,  who  at  fnn- 
dry  times,  and  in  li  verfe  manners, 
fpake  in  time  pal'  unto  tliC fathers 
by  the  prophets,  V.2.  Hath  in 
thefe  iaft  duj-s  fpoken  \n:ro  us  by 
his  SoU;  whoriih^  hatli  aj/^ointecl 
heir  of  all  tK  Vi^s.  by  whom  aifo 
he  made  the  xvortds. 


Y>  2 


s  LukG 


aS 


The  £onfeffion  of  Faith. 


Chap.  I, 


Of  the  New  Testament, 


The  Gofpek  accord- 
ing to 

Matthew. 

Mark. 

Luke. 

John. 

The  A(fls  of  the 
Apollles. 

PaiiPs   Epiftles   to 
tlie  Romans. 

Corinthians  I. 


Corinthians  II. 
Galatians.    ; 
Ephefians. 
Philippians. 
Colollians. 
ThelTaloniansI. 
Theflalonians  II. 
To  Timothy  I. 
To  Timotliy  II. 
To  Titus. 
To  Philemon. 


The  Epiflle  to  the 

Hebrews. 
The   Epiflle  of 

James. 
The  firft  and  fecond 

Epiflles  of  Peter, 
The    firil:,    fecond, 

and  third  Epillles 

of  John. 
The  Epillle  of  Judc, 
The  Revelation. 


All  which  are  given  by  Lufpiration  of  God,  to  be  the  rule  of 
faith  and  life  s.  v 

III.  The  Books  comniijnly  called  Apocrypha,  not  being  of 
divine  inipiration,  are  no  part  of  riie  canon  of  the  fa'ipture ; 
and  therefore  are  of  no  authority  in  the  Church  of  God,  nor 
to  be  any  otherwife  approved,  or  made  ufe  of,  tlian  other 
human  writings  ^. 

IV.  The 


^  Lukexvi.  29.  Abraham  faith 
nnto  him,  They  have  Mofes  and 
the  prophets,  let  them  hear  them. 
V.  31.  And  he  laid  unto  him,  If 
they  hear  not  Mofes  and  the  pro- 
phets, neither  will  they  be  per- 
iuaded  though  one  rofe  from  the 
dead.  £ph.  ii.  20.  And  are  built 
upon  thefoundation  of  theapollles 
and  prophets,  JefusChrift  himfelf 
beinfr  the  chief  corner-rtone.  Rev. 
xxiir"  18.  For  I  teftify  unto  every 
man  thatheareth  the  words  of  the 
prophecy  of  this  book,  If  any  man 
fliall  add  unto  thefe  things,  God 
fliall  add  unto  him  the  plagues 
that  are  written  in  this  book. 
V.  19-  And  if  any  man  (liall  take 
away  from  the  w  ords  of  the  book 
of  this  prophecy,  God  fliall  take 
away  his  part  out  of  the  book  of 


life,  and  out  of  the  holy  dty,  and 
from  the  things  which  are  written 
in  this  book.  2  Tim.  iii.  16.  All 
fcripture  is  given  by  infpiration  of 
God,  and  is  profitable  for  doc- 
trine, for  reproof,  for  correttion, 
for  inftruclion  in  righteoufnefs. 

III.  "^  Luke  xxiv.  27.  And  be- 
ginning at  Mofes,  and  all  the  pro- 
phets, he  expounded  unto  them 
in  all  the  fcriptures  the  things 
concerning  himfelf.  V.  44.  And 
he  faid  unto  them,  Thefe  are  the 
words  which  I  fpake  unto  you 
while  I  was  yet  with  you,  that  all 
things  muft  be  fulfilled  which 
were  written  in  the  law  of  Mofes, 
and  in  the  Prophets,  and  in  the 
Ffalms,  concerning  me.  Rom.  iii. 
2.  Much  every  way:  chiefly  be- 
caufe  that  imto  them  were  com- 
mitted 


Chap.  r.  The  Confefjlon  of  Faith.  29 

IV.  The  authority  of  the  holy  fcripture,  for  which  it 
ought  to  be  believed  and  obeyed,  dependeth  not  upon  .the 
telliniony  of  any  man  or  church,  but  wholly  upon  God,  (who 
is  truth  itfelf,)  the  author  thereof^  and  therefore  it  is  to  be 
received,  becauie  it  is  the  word  of  God  ^ 

V.  We  may  be  moved  and  induced  by  the  teftimony  of  the 
Church  to  an  higli  and  reverend  elleem  of  the  holy  fcripture'-, 
and  the  heavenlinefs  of  the  matter,  the  efficacy  of  the  dodrine, 
the  majeily  of  the  llyle,  the  confent  of  all  the  parts,  the  fcope 
of  the  whole,  (which  is  to  give  all  glory  to  God,)  the  full  dil- 
covcry  it  makes  of  the  only  way  of  man's  falvation,  the  many 
other  incomparable  excellencies,  and  the  entire  perfedioii 
thereof,  are  arguments  whereby  it  doth  abundantly  evidence 
itfelf  to  be  the  word  of  God ;  yet  not^vith (landing  our  full 
perfuafion  and  alfurance  of  the  infallible  truth,  and  divine  au^ 
thority  thereof,  is  from  the  inward  work  of  the  Holy  Spirit,, 
bearing  witnels  by  and  with  the  word  in  our  hearts  1. 

VI.  The 


mitted  the  oracles  of  God.  2  Pet. 
i.2i.  For  the  prophecy  came  not  in 
old  time  by  the  will  of  man  ;  but 
holy  men  of  God  fpake  as  they 
were  moved  by  the  Holy  Ghoft. 
IV.  '  2  Pet.  i.  19,  We  have 
alfo  a  more  fare  word  of  prophecy, 
whereimto  ye  do  well  that  ye  take 
heed,  as  unto  a  light  that  fhineth 
in  a  dark  place,  until  the  day 
dawn,  aitt  the  day-ftar  arife  in 
your  hearts.  V.  2 1 .  For  the  pro- 
phecy came  not  in  old  time  by 
the  will  of  man  ;  but  holy  men  of 
God  fpake  as  they  were  moved  by 
tiie  Holy  Ghoft.  2  Tim.  iii.  16. 
All  fcripture  is  given  by  infpira- 
tion  of  God,  and  is  profitable  for 
doctrine,  for  reproof,  for  correc- 
tion, for  inftriicVion  in  righteouf- 
nefs.  I  John  v.  9.  If  we  receive 
the  witnefs  of  men,  the  witnefs  of 
God  is  greater  :  for  this  is  the 
witnefs  of  God,  which  he  hath 
teftified  of  his  Son.  i  Thelf.  ii. 
13.  For  tliis  caufe  alfo  thank  we 
God    without    ceafing,    becaufe 


wlien  ye  received  the  word  of 
God,  which  ye  heard  of  us,  ye  re- 
ceived it  not  as  the  word  of  men, 
but,  as  it  is  in  truth,  the  word 
of  God,  which  effectually  worketh 
alfo  in  you  that  believe. 

V.  k  I  Tim.  iii.  15.  But  if  I 
tarry  long,  that  thou  mayeftknow 
how  thou  oughteft  to  behave  thy- 
felf  in  the  houfe  of  God,  which  is 
the  church  of  the  living  God, 
the  pillar  and  ground  of  the  truth. 

^  I  John  ii.  20.  But  ye  have  an 
undlion  from  the  holy  One,  and 
ye  know  all  things.  V.  27.  But  the 
anointing  which  ye  have  received 
of  him  abideth  in  you,  and  ye 
need  not  that  any  man  teach  you  ; 
but  as  tfie  fame  anointing  teach- 
eth  you  of  all  things,  and  is  truth, 
and  is  no  lye  j  and  even  as  it  hath 
taught  you,  ye  Hiall  abide  in  him. 
John  xvi.  13.  Howbeit,  when  he, 
the  Spirit  of  truth,  is  come,  he 
will  guide  you  into  all  truth  :  for 
he  Hiall  not  fpeak  of  himfelf;  but 
whatfoever  he  fhall  hear,  that  fliall 
B  3  he 


3^  The  Confefion  of  Faith,  Chap.  I, 

VI.  The  whole  counfel  of  God,  concerning  all  things  neccf- 
far^  for  his  own  glory,  man's  falvation,faitirand  Ufe,  is  either 
expj-efsly  fet  down  in  fcriptiirc,  or  by  good  and  neceflary  con- 
fequencc  may  be  deduced  from  fcripture;  unto  wliich  nothing 
at  ruiy  time  is  to  be  added,  whetlier  by  new  revelations  of  the 
Spirit  or  traditions  of  men"».  Neverthelefs,  we  acknowledge 
the  ia'vard  illumination  of  the  Spirit  of  God  to  be  neceffaiy 
for  the  faving  underdanding  of  fuch  things  as  are  r'evealed  in 
the  word" ;  and  that  there  are  fonie  cjrcumfcances  concerning 

tlie 

of  God  may  be  perfect,  thorough- 
ly funiilhed  unto  all  good  works. 
Gal.  i.  8.  But  though  we.  or  an  an- 
gel from  heaven,  preach  any  other 
gofpel  unto  you  than  that  which 
we  have  preached  unto  you,  let 
him  be  accurfed.  V.  9.  As  we  faid 
before,  fo  fay  I  now  again,  If  any 
man  preach  any  other  gofpel  u]Uo 
you  than  that  ye  have  received, 
let  him  be  accurfed.  aThelf.  11.2. 
That  ye  be  not  foon  Ihaken  in 
mind,  or  be  troubled,  neither  by 
fpirit,  nor  by  word,  nor  by  letter, 
as  from  us,  as  that  the  day  of 
Chrift  is  at  hand. 

"  John  vi.  45.  It  is  writtwi  in 
the  prophets,  And  they  fliall  be  all 
taught  of  God.  Everyman,  there- 
fore, that  hath  heard ^ and  hath 
learned  of  the  Father,  cometh 
unto  me.  i  Cor.  ii.  9.  But  as  it 
is  written.  Eye  hath  not  feen,  nor 
ear  heard,  neither  have  entered 
into  the  heart  of  man,  the  things 
which  God  hath  prepared  for  them 
that  love  him.  V.  10.  But  G©d 
hath  revealed  them  unto  us  by  his 
Spirit;  for  the  Spirit  fearcheth  all 
things,yca,the  deep  thingsof  God. 
V.  II.  For  what  man  knoweth 
the  things  of  a  man,  favc  the  fpi- 
rit of  man  which  is  in  him.-'  eveii 
fo  the  things  of  (iod  kuowcth  no 
man,  but  the  Spirit  of  God.  V.  12. 
Now  we  have  received,  not  the 
fpirit  of  the  world,  but  the  Spirit 
whick 


he  fpeak:  and  will  fliew  you 
things  to  come.  V.  14.  He  fhall 
glorify  me  :  for  he  ftiall  receive 
.  of  mine,  and  fhall  iliew  it  unto 
you.  •  I  Cor.  ii.  10.  But  God  hath 
revealed  them  unto  us  Ijy  his  Spi- 
rit;  for  the  Spirit  fearcheth  all 
things,  yea,  the  deep  things  of 
God.  V.  1 1 .  For  what  man  know- 
eth the  things  of  a  man,  fave  the 
fpirit  of  man  which  is  in  him  ? 
even  fo  the  things  of  God  know- 
eth no  man,  but  the  Spirit  of  God. 
V.  12.  Now  we  have  received 
not  the  fpirit  of  the  world,  but 
the  Spirit  which  is  of  God  ;  that 
we  might  know  the  things  that 
are  freely  given  to  us  of  God.  Ifa. 
lix.  21.  As  for  me,  this  is  my  co- 
venant with  them,  faith  the  Lord, 
My  Spirit  that  is  upon  thee,  and 
my  words  which  I  have  put  in 
thy  mouth,  fhall  not  depart  out  of 
thy  mouth,  nor  out  of  the  mouth 
of  thy  feed,  nor  out  of  the  mouth 
of  thy  feeds  feed,  faith  the  Loi'd, 
from  henceforth  and  for  ever. 

VI.  '"  2  Tim.  iii.  15.  And  that 
from  a  child  thou  haft  known  the 
holy  fcriptures,  which  are  able  to 
make  thee  wife  unto  falvntion, 
through  faith  which  is  in  Chrilt 
jefus,  V.  1 6.  All  fcripture  Is  given 
Iw  infpiration  of  God.  and  is  pro- 
htable  for  doftrinc,  for  reproof, 
lor  correftion,  for  inltruftion  in 
righteoufnefs :  V.  1 7 .  That  the  man 


Chap.  I. 


The  Confejfion  of  Faith, 


31 


the  worfliip  of  God,  and  government  of  th^  Church,  common 
to  human  adlions  and  focieties,  wliich  are  to  be  ordered  by 
the  hght  of  nature  and  Chriflian  prudence,  according  to  the 
general  rules  of  the  word,  which  are  always  to  be  obferved «. 

VII.  All  things  in  fcripture  are  not  alike  plain  in  themfelves, 
nor  alike  clear  unto  all  i' ;  yet  thole  things  which  are  neceffary  ro 
be  known,  believed,  and  obferved,  for  falvation,  are  fo  clearly 
propounded  and  opened  in  fome  place  of  fcripture  or  other,  that 
not  only  the  learned,  but  the  unlearned,  in  a  due  ufe  of  the  ordi- 
nary means,  may  attain  unto  a  fufficient  undcrftanding  of  them  ^. 

VIII.  The  OidTeftament  in  Hebrew,  (which  was  the  native 
language  of  ihe  people  of  God  of  old.)  and  the  New  Tefta- 
ment  in  Greek,  (which  at  the  time  of  the  writing  of  it  was 
mofl:  generally  known  to  the  nations,)  being  immediately  in- 
spired by  God,  and  by  bis  fmgular  care  and  providence  kept 
pure  in  all  ages,  are  therefore  authentical  »•;  fo  as  in  all  con- 
troverjQes  of  religion  the  Church  is  finally  to  appeal  unto 
them  '.  But  becaufe  tliefe  original  tongues  are  not  known 
to  all  the  people  of  God  who  have  light  unto  and  interefl 
in  the  fcriptures,*and  are  commanded,  in  the  fear  of  God, 

to 


which  is  of  God  ;  that  we  might 
know  the  things  that  are  freely 
given  to  us  of  God. 

"  I  Cor.  xi.  13.  Judge  in  yoiir- 
felves,  is  it  comely  that  a  woman 
pray  unto  God  uncovered?  V.14. 
Doth  not  even  nature  iifelf  teach 
you,  that  if  a  man  have  long  hair 
it  is  a  Ihame  unto  him?  i  Cor. 
xiv.  26.  How  is  it  then,  brethren, 
when  ye  come  together,  every  one 
of  you  hath  a  pfalm,  hath  a  doc- 
trine, hath  a  tongue,  hath  a  re- 
velation, hath  an  hiterpretation? 
Let  all  things  be  done  unto  edi- 
fying. V.  40.  Let  all  things  be 
rione  decently  and  in  order. 

VII.  i'2  Pet.  iii.  16.  Asalfoin 
all  his  epiftles,  fpeaking  in  them 
of  thefe  things,  in  which  are  fome 
things  hard  to  be  underftood, 
which  they  that  are  unlearned  and 
unftable  wreft,  as  they  do  aUb  the 


other  fcriptures,  unto  their  own 
deftruftion. 

'^Pfal.  cxix.  105.  Thy  word  \%  a 
lamp  unto  my  feet,  and  a  light  un- 
to my  path.  V .  1 30.  The  entrance 
of  thy  wordsgiveth  light,  itgiveth 
underftanding  unto  the  fimpie. 

VIII.  ^  Mat.  V.  18.  For  verily 
I  fay  unto  you.  Till  heaven  and 
earth  pafs,  one  jot  or  one  tittle 
fliall  in  no  wife  pafs  from  the  law, 
till  all  be  fulhlled. 

'  IHiiah  viii.  20.  To  the  law, 
and  to  the  teftimony:  if  they 
fpeak  not  according  to  this  word, 
it  is  becaufe  there  is  no  light  in 
them.  Afts  xv.  15.  And  to  this 
agree  the  words  of  the  prophets, 
as  it  is  written.  John  v.  39.  Search 
the  fcriptures  j  for  in  them  ye 
think  ye  have  eternal  life :  and 
they  are  they  which  teflify  of  me. 
V .  46.  For  had  ye  believed  Mofes, 
B  4  ye 


32  !The  Confefion  of  Fdth.  Chap.  I. 

to  read  and  fearch  them  %  therefore  tliey  are  to  be  tranila- 
ted  into  the  \T.i!gar  language  of  every  nation  unto  which  tliey 
come  %  that  the  word  of  God  dwelUng  plentifully  in  all,  they 
may  worfliip  him  in  an  acceptable  manner  ^%  and,  through 
patience  and  comfort  of  the  llriptures,  may  have  hope  ^■. 

IX.  The  infallible  rule  of  interpretation  of  lcri])ture  is  the 
fcripture  itfeif ;  and,  therefore,  when  there  is  a  queilion  about 
the  true  and  full  fenfe  of  any  fcripture,  (which  is  not  manifold, 
but  one,)  it  muft  be  fearched  and  known  by  other  ])laces  that 
fpeak  more  clearly  y. 

X.  The  fupreme  Judge,  by  which  all  controverfies  of  reli- 
gion are  to  be  determined,  and  all  decrees  of  councils,  opinions 
of  ancient  writers,  dodrines  of  men,  and  private  Ipirits,  are 

to 


ye  would  have  believed  me :  for 

he  wrote  of  me. 

^  John  V.  39.  Search  the  fcrlp- 
tiires ;  for  in  them  ye  think  ye  have 
eternal  life  :  and  they  are  they 
which  tedify  of  me. 

"  I  Cor.  xiv.  6.  Now,  brethren, 
if  I  come  unto  you  fpea-king  with 
tongues,  what  ftiall  I  profit  ywi, 
except i  fhall  fpeak  to  you  either 
by  revelation,  or  by  knowledge, 
or  by  prophefying,  or  by  do^rine  ? 
V.  9.  So  likewife  you,  except  ye 
titter  by  the  tongue  words  eafy  to 
te  underftood,  how  fliall  it  be 
known  what  is  fpoken  ?  for  ye 
fhall  fpeak  into  the  air.  V.  ir. 
Therefore,  if  I  know  not  the 
meaning  of  the  voice,  I  fliall  be 
unto  him  that  fpeaketh  a  barba- 
rian ;  and  he  that  fpeaketh  ihall 
be  a  barbarian  unto  me.  V.  12. 
Even  fo  ye,  forafmuch  as  ye  are 
zealous  of  fpiritual  gifts,  feek  that 
ye  may  excel  to  the  edifying  of 
the  church.  V.  24-  But  if  all  pro- 
phefy,  and  there  come  in  one  that 
belicveth  not,  or  one  unlearned, 
he  is  convinced  of  all,  he  is  judged 
of  all.  V.  27.  If  any  man  fpeak  in 
an  unknown  tongue,  let  it  be  by 
two,  or  at  the  molt  by  three,  and 


that  by  conrfe;  and  let  one  inter- 
pret. V.  28.  But  if  there  be  no 
interpreter,  let  him  keep  filence 
in  the  church  ;  and  let  him  fpeak 
to  himfelf,  and  to  God. 

"^  Col.  iii.  ]6.  Let  the  word  of 
Chrift  dwell  in.  you  richly  in  all 
wifdom,  teaching  and  admoniihing. 
one  another  in  pfalms,  and  hymns, 
and  fpiritual  longs,  fmging  with 
grace  in  your  hearts  to  the  Lord. 

"^  Rom.  XV.  4.  For  whatfoever 
things  were  written  aforetime, 
were  written  for  our  learning  ; 
that  we  through  patience  and 
comfort  of  the  fcriptures  might 
have  hope. 

IX.  ^  2  Pet.  i.  20.  Knowing  this 
firft,  that  no  prophecy  of  the  fcrip- 
ture is  of  any  private  interpreta- 
tion. V.  21.  For  the  prophecy 
•came  not  in  old  time  by  the  will 
of  man :  but  holy  men  of  God 
fpake  as  tbey  were  moved  by  tlie 
Holy  Ghoft.  Afts  xv.  15.  And  to 
this  agree  the  words  of  the  pro- 
phets, as  itis  written,  V.  16.  After 
this  1  will  return,  and  will  build 
again  the  tabernacle  of  David 
which  is  fallen  down  and  I  will 
build  again  the  ruins  thereof,  and 
I  will  fet  it  up. 

X.  '  Matth. 


Chap.. II.  The  Confejfion  of  Faith,  33 

to  be  examined,  and  in  whofe  fentence  we  are  to  reft,  can 
be  no  other  but  the  Holy  Spirit  fpeaking  in  the  fcripture  '. 


CHAP.  II.    Of  God,  and  of  the  Holy  Jrinity. 

THERE   is  but  one   only  »   living  and  true  God «', 
who  is  infinite  in  being    and    perfedion  '^,  a  molt 
pure  fpirit '',  invifible  %  without  body,  parts  <^,  or  pafTions  2, 

immu- 


X.  ^  Matth.  xxii.  29.  Jefus  an- 
fwered,  and  faid  unto  them,  Ye 
do  err,  not  knowing  the  fcrip- 
tures,  nor  the  power  of  G  od .  V .  3  r . 
But  as  touching  the  refurrection 
of  the  dead,  have  ye  not  read  that 
which  was  fpoken  unto  you  by 
God,  faying.  Eph.  ii.  20.  And  are 
built  upon  the  foundation  of  the 
apoftles  and  prophets,  Jefus  Chrift 
himfelf  being  the  chief  corner- 
ftone.  With  Acts  xxviii.  25.  And 
when  they  agreed  not  among 
themfelves  they  departed,  after 
that  Paul  had  fpoken  one  word. 
Well  fpake  the  Holy  Ghoft  by 
Efaias  the  prophet  unto  our  fa- 
thers. 

I.  *^  Deut.  vi.  4.  Hear,  O  If- 
rael;  The  Lord  our  God  is  one 
Lord  I  Cor.  viii.  4.  As  concern- 
ing, therefore,  tlie  eating  of  thofe 
things  that  are  otiered  in  facrifice 
unto  idols,  we  know  that  an  idol 
is  nothing  in  the  world,  and  that 
there  is  none  other  God  but  one. 
V.  6.  But  to  us  there  is  but  one 
God,  the  Father,  of  whom  are 
all  things,  and  we  in  him;  and 
one  Lord,  Jefus  Chrift,  by  whom 
are  all  things,  and  we  by  him. 

''  I  Thefl".  i.  9.  For  they  them- 
felves Ihcw  of  us  what  manner  of 
entering  in  wr  had  unto  you,  and 
how  ye  turned  to  God  from  idols, 
to  ferve  the  living  and  true  God 
Jer.  X.  10.  But  the  Lord  is  the 
true  God,  he  is  the  living  God, 
aud  au  everlaftin^  King. 


*^Jobxi.  7.  Ganftthoubyfearch- 
ing  tind  oat  God  ?  canft  thou  iind 
out  the  Almighty  unto  perfection? 
V.  8.  It  is  as  high  as  heaven,  what 
canft  thou  do  ?  deeper  than  hell, 
what  canft  thou  know  ?  V.  9, 
The  meafure  thereof  is  longer 
than  the  earth,  and  broader  than 
the  fea.  Job  xxvi.  14.  Lo,  thefe 
are  parts  of  his  ways ;  but  how 
little  a  portion  is  heard  of  him  ? 
but  tiie  thunder  of  his  power  who 
can  underftand  ? 

''  John  iv.  24.  God  is  a  Spirit ; 
and  they  that  worfhip  him,  mul!: 
worlhip  him  in  fpirit  and  in  truth. 

^  I  Tim.  i.  17.  Now  unto  the 
King  eternal,  immortal,  invillble, 
the  only  wife  God,  be  honourand- 
giory  for  ever  and  ever.  Amen. 

*'  Deut.  iv.  15.  Take  ye,  there- 
fore, good  heed  unto  yourfelves, 
(for  ye  faw  no  manner  of  fimili- 
tude  on  the  day  that  the  Lord 
fpake  unto  you  in  Horeb,  out  of 
the  midft  of  the  fire,)  V.  16.  Left 
ye  corrupt  yourfelves,  and  make 
you  a  graven  image,  the  limili- 
tude  of  any  figure,  the  likenefs  of 
male  or  female.  John  iv.  24.  God 
is  a  Spirit ;  and  they  that  worftiip 
him,  muft  worHiip  him  in  fpirit 
and  in  truth.  '^-' miLukexxiv.  39. 
Behold  my  h.  uds  and  my  feet, 
that  it  is  I  m;'ililf :  handle  me, 
and  fee ;  for  a  fpirit  hath  not  flefii 
and  bones   as  ye  fee  nje  have. 

^  Acts  xiv.  1 1 .  And  whep  the 

people  faw  what  Paul  had  done, 

B  <:  «  thpv 


The  Cenfejfion  of  Fmlh 


Chap.  IL 


immutable  '',  immenfe  s  eternal  ^,  incomprehenfible »,  al- 
mighty ™,  moll:  wife  ",  mod  holy  °,  moft  free  p,  moft  abfo- 
lute  ^,  working  all  things  according  to  the  counfel  of  his  own 

will ',  for  his  own  glory  ' ; 
mofl 


immutable  and  moll  righteous 


they  lifted  up  their  voices,  faying, 
in  the  fpeech  of  Lycaonia,  The 
gods  are  come  down  to  us  in  the 
likenefs  of  men.  V.  15.  And  fay- 
ing, Sirs,  why  do  ye  thefe  things? 
We  alfo  are  men  of  like  paffions 
with  you,  and  preach  unto  you 
that  ye  ihould  turn  from  thefe  va- 
nities unto  the  living  God,  which 
made  heaven,  and  earth,  and  the 
fea,  and  all  things  thatare  therein. 

^*  James  i.  17.  Every  good  gift 
and  everyperfeft  gift  isfromabove, 
and  Cometh  down  from  the  Father 
of  liglits,  with  whom  is  no  vari- 
ablenefs,  neither  ihadow  of  turn- 
ing. Mai.  iii.  6.  For  I  am  the 
Lord,  I  change  not :  therefore  ye 
fons  of  Jacob  are  not  confiimed. 

^  I  Kings  viii.  27.  But  will  God 
indeed  dwell  on  the  earth !  Be- 
hold, the  heaven,  and  heaven  of 
heavens  cannot  contain  thee,  how 
much  lefs  this  houfe  that  I  have 
builded  ?  Jer.  xxiii.  23.  Am  I  a 
God  at  hand,  faith  the  Lord,  and 
not  a  God  afar  off?  V.  24.  Can 
any  hide  himfelf  in  fecret  places, 
that  I  fliail  not  fee  him  ?  faith  the 
Lord  :  do  not  I  fill  heaven  and 
earth  ?  faith  the  Lord. 

^  Pfal.  xc.  2.  Before  the  moun- 
tains were  brought  forth,  or  ever 
thou  hadft  formed  the  earth  and 
the  \vorld,  even  from  everlafting 
to  ever!  alting  thou  art  God.  iTim. 
i.  17.  Now  inito  the  King  eter- 
nal, immortal,  invifible,  the  only 
v;ife  God,  be  honour  and  glory 
for  ever  and  eve/.   Amen. 

^  Pf  cxlv.  3.  Crreatis.the  Lord, 
and  greatly  to  be  praifed ;  and  his 
grcatncfs  is  unfearchable. 


*" Gen.  xvii. I. AndwhenAbram 
was  ninety  years  old  and  nine  the 
Lord  appeared  to  Abram,  andfaid 
unto  him,  I  am  the  almighty  God  : 
walk  before  me,  and  be  thou 
perfeft.  Rev.  iv.  8.  And  the 
four  beafts  had  each  of  them  fix 
wings  about  him  ;  and  they  were 
full  of  eyes  within :  and  they  reft 
not  day  and  night,  faying.  Holy, 
holy,  holy,  Lord  God  Almigh- 
ty, which  was,  and  is,  and  is  to 
come. 

"  Rom.  xvi.  27.  To  God  only 
wife,  be  glory  through  JefusChrift 
for  ever.  Amen. 

"  Ifa.  vi.  3.  And  one  cried  unto 
another,  and  faid.  Holy,  holy, 
holy  is  the  Lord  of  hofts,  the 
whole  earth  is  full  of  his  glory. 
Rev.  iv.  8.  \_Set  letter  "*  inimedi' 
ately  foregoing.  ] 

^  Pfal.  cxv.  3.  But  our  God  is  in 
the  heavens :  he  hath  done  what- 
foever  he  pleafeth. 

^  Kxod.  iii.  14.  And  God  faid 
unto  Mofes,  I  AM  THAT  I  AM  : 
and  he  faid.  Thus  (halt  thou  fay 
unto  the  children  of  Ifrael,  1  AM 
hath  fent  me  unto  you. 

•"  Eph.  i.  1 1 .  In  whom  alfo  we 
have  obtained  an  inheritance,  be- 
ing predelHnated  according  to  the 
purpofe  of  him  who  worketh  all 
things  after  the  counfel  of  his 
own  will 

'  Prov.  xvi.  4  The  Lord  hath 
matle  all  things  for  himfelf;  yea, 
even  the  wicked  Ibr  the  day  of 
evil.  Rom.  xi.  36.  For  of  him, 
and  through  him,  and  to  him,  are 
all  things :  to  whom  be  glory  for 
ever.  Amen, 

*  I  John 


Chap.  ir. ,  1'he  Confefflon  of  Faith,  35 

moil  loving  %  gracious,  merciful,  long-fufFering,  abundant  m 
goQcinefs  and  truth,  forgiving  iniquity,  tranigreliion  and  hn""; 
the;  lewarder  of  them  tliat  diligently  feek  him'";  and  witiial 
mofl  juft  and  terrible  in  }ns  judgments  ^ ;  hating  all  fin  y,  and 
who  will  b;^  no  means  clear  the  guilty  ^.     .   .    ■ 

II.  God  hath  all  life  »,  glory  S  goodnefs^  blefiednefs  ^^  in 

and 

3^  Pfal.  V.  5.  The  foolirti  fhall 
not  ftand  in  thy  fight :  thou  hateft 
al  I  workers  of  iniquity.  V.  6.  Thou 
/halt  deftroy  them  that  fpeak  lea- 
fing: the  Lord  will  abhor  the 
bloody  and  deceitful  man. 

^  Nahum  1.2.  God  is  jealous, 
and  tiie  Lord  revengeth ;  the  Lord 
revengeth  and  is  furious:  the  Lord 
Aviil  take  vengeance  on  his  adver- 
faries,  and  he  referveth  wrath  fot* 
his  enemies.  V.  3.  The  Lord  is 
flow  to  anger,  andgre^t  in  power, 
and  will  not  at  all  acquit  the 
wicked  :  the  Lord  hath  his  way 
in  the  whirlwind,  and  in  the  ftorm, 
and  the  clouds  are  the  duft  of  his 
feet.  Exod.  xxxiv.  7.  Keeping 
mercy  for  thoufands,  forgiving 
iniquity,  and  tranfgrefllon,  and 
fin,  and  that  will  by  no  means 
clear  the  guilty ;  vifiting  the  ini- 
quity of  the  fathers  upon  the  chil- 
dren, and  upon  the  children's  chil- 
dren, unto  the  third  and  to  the 
fourth  generation  4 

IL  "John  V.  26.  For  as  the  Fa- 
ther hath  life  in  himfelf,  fo  hath 
he  given  to  the  Son  to  have  life 
in  himfelf. 

^  Actsvii.  2.  Andhefaid,  Men, 
brethren,  and  fathers,  hearken; 
The  God  of  glory  appeared  unto 
our  father  Abraham,  when  he 
was  in  Mefopotamia,  before  he 
dwelt  in  Charran. 

""  Pf.  cxix.  68.  Thou  art  good, 
and  doefi  good,  teach  me  thy  fta» 
tutes. 

**  I  Tim.  vi.  15.  Which  iii  hh 

times  he  rtiali.fhew,  v;ho  is  the 

B  6  bleiied 


'  1  John  iv.  8.  He  that  loveth 
not  knoweth  not  God,  for  God 
is  love.  V.  16.  Andwehaveknov/n 
and  believed  the  love  that  God 
hath  to  us.  God  is  love  ;  and  he 
that  dwelleth  in  love,  dwelleth 
in  God,  and  God  in  him. 

'Exod.  xxxiv.  6.  And  the  Lord 
palled  by  before  him,  and  pro- 
claimed,The  Lord,  the  Lord  God, 
merciful  and  gracious,  long-fuf- 
fering,  and  abundant  in  goodnefs 
and  truth.  V.  7.  Keeping  mercy 
for  thoufands,  forgiving  iuiquity, 
andtranfgreHion,  andlin,  and  that 
will  by  no  means  clear  the  guilty ', 
vifiting  the  iniquity  of  the  fathers 
upon  the  children,  and  upon  the 
children's  children,  unto  the  third 
and  to  the  fourth  generation. 

^^  Heb.  xi.  6.  But  without  faith 
it  is  impoifibie  to  pleafe  him :  for 
he  that  cometh  to  God  mud  be- 
lieve that  he  is,  and  that  he  is  a 
rewarder  of  them  that  diligently 
feek  him. 

^Neh.  ix.  32.  Now,  therefore, 
our  God,  the  great,  the  mighty, 
and  the  terrible  God,  who  keep- 
eft  covenant  and  mercy,  let  not 
all  the  trouble  feem  little  before 
thee  that  hath  come  upon  us,  on 
6ur  kings,  on  our  princes,  and  on 
our  prielts,  and  on  our  prophets, 
and  on  our  fathers,  and  on  all  thy 
people,  fince  the  time  of  the  kings 
of  Afl'yria  unto  this  day.  V.  33. 
Howbeit,  thou  art  juft  in  all  that 
-is  brought  upon  us;  for  thou  haft 
done  right,  but  we  have  done 
wickedly. 


3^  The  Coiifefion  of  Faith,  Qiap.  II. 

and  of  himfelf ;  and  is  alone  in  and  unto  himfelf  all-fufficient 
not  Itanding  in  need  of  any  creatures  which  he  hath  made  « 
nor  deriving  any  glory  from  them  %  but  only  manifefting  his 
own  glory,  in,  by,  unto,  and  upon  them  :  he  is  the  alone  foun- 
tain of  all  being,  of  \\hom,  through  whom,  and  to  whom,  are 
all  things  g ;  and  hath  mod  fovereign  dominion  over  them,  to 
do  by  them,  for  them,  or  upon  them,  whatfoever  himfelf 
pleafeth  '=.  In  liis  fight  all  things  are  open  and  manifeit^ ;  his 
knowledge  is  infinite,  infallible,  and  independent  upon  the 
fo  as  nothing  is  to  him  contingent  or  uncertain  U 

He 
be  with  the  beafts  of  the  field ;  and 


blefled  and  only  Potentate,  the 
King  of  kings,  and  Lord  of  lords. 
Rom.  ix.  5.  Whofe  are  the  fa- 
thers, and  of  whom  as  concern- 
ing the  llelh  Ghrift  came ;  who  is 
over  all,  God  blefled  for  ever. 
Amen. 

^  A£ls  xvii.  24*  God  that  made 
the  world,  and  all  things  therein, 
feeing  tliat  he  is  Lord  of  heaven 
and  earth,  dwelleth  not  in  tem- 
ples made  with  hands:  V.  25. 
Neither  is  worfhipped  with  men's 
hands,  as  though  he  needed  any 
thing,  feeing  he  giveth  to  all  life, 
and  breath,  and  all  things. 

^  Job  xxii.  2.  Can  a  man  be 
profitable  unto  God,  as  he  that  is 
wife  may  be  profitable  unto  him- 
felf ?  V.  3.  Is  it  any  pleafure  to 
the  Almighty  that  thou  art  righ- 
teous ?  or  is  it  gain  to  him  that 
thou  makeft  thy  ways  perfect  ? 

^  Rom.  xi.  36.  For  of  him,  and 
through  him,  and  to  him,  are  all 
things :  to  whom  be  glory  for 
ever.  Amen. 

*»  Rev.  iv.  1 1 .  Thou  art  worthy, 
OLord,  to  receive  glory,  and  ho- 
nour, and  power  :  for  thou  haft: 
■^created  all  things,  and  for  thy 
pleafure  they  are  and  were  crea- 
ted. I  Tim.  vi.  15.  [^See  letter  «* 
immediately  foregoing.^  Dan. 
iv.  25.  That  they  (hall  drive  thee 
irora  men,  and  thy  dweliirg  (hall 


they  fliall  make  thee  to  eat  grafs 
as  oxen,  and  they  fliall  wet  thee 
withthe  dew  of  heaven,  and  feven 
times  (hall  pafs  over  thee,  till  thou 
know  that  the  moft  High  ruieth 
in  the  kingdom  of  men,  and  giveth 
it  to  whouifoever  he  will.  V.  35. 
And  all  the  inhabitants  of  the 
earth  are  reputed  as  nothing  :  and 
he  doeth  according  to  his  will  in 
the  army  of  heaven,  and  among 
the  inhabitants  of  the  earth  ;  and 
none  can  ilay  his  hand,  or  lay  un- 
to him,  What  doeft  thou  ? 

'  Heb.  iv.  15.  Neither  is  there 
any  creature  that  is  not  manifeft 
in  his  ll^ht  :  but  all  things  are 
naked  and  opened  unto  the  eyes  of 
him  with  whom  we  have  to  do. 

^  Rom.  xi.  33.  O  the  depth  of 
the  riches,  both  of  the  wifdom 
and  know  ledge  of  God !  how  un- 
fearchable  are  his  judgments,  and 
his  ways  paft  finding  out !  V.  34-^ 
For  who  hath  known  the  mind  of 
the  Lord  ?  or  who  hath  been  his 
counfellor?  Pfal.  cxlvii.  5.  Great 
is  our  Lord,  and  of  great  power  : 
his  underftanding  is  infinite. 

'  Afts  XV.  18.  Known  unto  God 
are  all  his  works  from  the  begin- 
ning of  the  world.  Ezek.  xi.  5. 
And  the  Spirit  of  the  Lord  fell 
upon  me,  andfaid  unt©  me,  Speak, 
Thus  faith  the  Lord,  Thus  have 

ye 


Chap.  II.  Jhe  Confeffio^i  of  Faith.  3  7 

He  is  moft  holy  in  all  his  counfels,  in  all  his  works,  and  in  all 
his  commands "».  To  him  is  due  from  angels  and  men,  and 
every  other  creature,  whatlbever  worHiip,  I'ervice,  or  obedi- 
ence, he  is  plealed  to  require  of  them  °. 

Ill,  In  the  unity  of  the  Godhead  there  be  three  perfons,  of 
one  fubltance,  power,  and  eternity;  God  the  Father,  God  the 
Son,  and  God  the  Holy  Ghoft°.  The  Father  is  of  none,  nei- 
ther begotten  nor  proceeding ;  the  Son  is  eternally  begotten 
of  the  Father  i' ;  the  Holy  Ghofl  eternally  proceeding  from  the 
Father  and  the  Son^. 

CHAR 


ye  fdid,  O  houfe  of  Ifrael  :  for 
I  know  the  things  that  come  into 
your  mind,  every  one  of  them. 

"'  Pfal.  cxlv.  17.  The  Lord  is 
righteous  in  ail  his  ways,  and  lioly 
in  all  his  works.  Rom.  vii.  12. 
Wherefore  the  law  is  holy,  and 
the  commandment  holy,  and  jufl, 
and  good. 

"  Rev.  V.  12.  Saying,  with  a 
loud  voice.  Worthy  is  the  Lamb 
that  was  flain  to  receive  power, 
and  riches,  and  wifdom,  and 
Itrength,  and  honour,  and  glory, 
and  bl effing.  V.  1  3.  And  every 
creature  which  is  in  heaven,  and 
on  the  earth,  and  under  the  earth, 
and  fuch  as  are  in  the  fea,  and  all 
that  are  in  them,  heard  I,  faying, 
Bleffing,  and  honour,  and  glory, 
and  power,  be  unto  him  that  fit- 
tcth  upon  the  throne,  and  unto 
the  Lamb,  for  ever  and  ever. 
V.  14.  And  the  four  beafts  faid. 
Amen.  And  the  four  and  twenty 
elders  fell  down  and  wodiiipped 
him  that  liveth  for  ever  and 
ever. 

III.  "  I  John  v.  7.  For  there  are 
three  that  bear  record  in  heaven, 
the  Father,  the  Word,  and  the 
Holy  Ghoft,  and  thefe  three  are 
one.  Mat.  iii.  16.  Andjefus,when 
he  wasbaptized ,  went  up  ftraight- 
way  out  of  the  water  j  and,  lo, 


the  heavens  were  opened  unto 
him,  and  he  faw  the  Spirit  of 
God  defcending  like  a  dove,  and 
lighting  upon  him.  V.  17.  And, 
lo,  a  voice  from  heaven,  faying. 
This  is  my  beloved  Son,  in  whom 
I  am  well  pleafed.  Mat.xxviii.  19. 
Go  ye,  therefore,  and  teach  all  na- 
tions, baptizing  them,  in  the  name 
of  the  Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and 
oftheHolyGhort.  2Cor.  xiii.  14. 
The  grace  of  the  Lord  Jefus 
Chrill,  and  the  love  of  God,  and 
the  communion  of  theHolyGhoft, 
be  with  you  all.     Amen. 

P  John  i.  14.  And  the  Word  was 
made  fiefli,  and  dwelt  among  us, 
(and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the 
glory  as  of  the  only  begotten  of 
the  Father,)  full  of  grace  and 
truth.  V.  18.  No  man  hath  (een 
God  at  anytime  ;  the  only  begot- 
ten Son,  which  is  in  the  bofom  of 
the  Father,  he  hath  declared 
him. 

''  John  XV.  26.  But  when  the 
Comforter  is  come,  whom  I  will 
fend  unto  you  from  the  Father, 
even  the  Spirit  of  truth,  which 
proceedeth  from  the  Father,  he 
fliall  tertify  of  me.  Gal.  iv-  6.  And 
becaufe  ye  are  fons,  God  hath  fent 
forth  the  Spirit  of  his  Son  into 
your  hearts,  crying,  Abba,  Fa- 
ther. 

I.  "Eph, 


38  7he  Confefion  of  Faith.  Chap.  IIL 

C  H  A  P.  III.  Of  God's  Eternal  Decree. 

GO D  from  all  eternity  did,  by  the  mod  wife  arid  holy 
coiinfei  of  his  own  will,  fi-eely  and  unchangeably  ordain 
whatfoever  comes  to  pais  > ;  yet  fo,  as  thereby  neither  is  God 
the  author  of  fra  ^  nor  is  violence  offered  to  the  will  of  the 
creatures,  nor  is  the  liberty  or  contingency  of  fecond  caufes 
taken  away,  but  rather  eftabliflied  ^ 

II.  Although  God  knows  whatfoever  may  or  can  come  to 
pafs  upon  all  ilippofed  conditions  '^ ;  yet  Iialh  he  not  decreed 

any 

I.  *Eph.  i.  II.  In  whom  alfo 
we  have  obtained  an  inheritance, 
being  predeflinated  according  to 
the  purpofe  of  him  who  worketh 
all  thiiig5  after  the  counfel  of  his 
own  will.  Rom.  xi.  33.  O  the 
depth  of  the  riches  both  of  the 
wifdom  and  knowledge  of  God  J 
how  unfearchable  are  his  judg- 
ments, and  Jiis  ways  paft  tinding 
out!  Keb.  vi.  i  7.  Wherein  God, 
willing  more  abundantly  to  Ihew 
unto  the  heirs  of  promife  the  im- 
mutability of  hiscounfel,  confirm- 
ed it  by  an  oath.  Rom.  ix.  15. 
For  he  faith  to  Mofes,  I  will 
have  mercy  on  whom  I  will  have 
mercy,  and  I  willhavecompalHon 
on  whom  I  will  have  compaflion. 
V.  18.  Therefore  hath  he  mercy 
on  whom  he  will  have  mercy,  and 
whom  he  will  he  hardeneth. 

*»  James  i.  13.  Let  no  man  fay 
when  he  is  tempted,  I  am  tempt- 
ed of  C^.od  :  for  God  cannot  be 
tempted  with  evil,  ncithertempt- 
eth  he  any  man.  V.  17.  Every 
pood  gift  and  every  perfect  gift 
IS  fro;n  above,  and  cometh  down 
from  the  Father  of  lights,  with 
whom  is  no  variablcnefs,  neither 
fliadow  of  turning,  t  John  i.  5. 
This  then  is  the  meflage  which 
we  have  heard  of  him,  and  de- 
clare unto  you,  that  God  is  light, 
anil  in  him  is  no  darknefs  at  all. 


*=  A£ts  ii.  23.  Him,  being  deli- 
vered by  the  determinate  counfel 
and  fore-knowledge  of  God,  ye 
have  taicen,  and  by  wicked  hands 
have  crucified  and  flain.  Mat. 
xvii.  12.  But  I  fay  unto  you, 
That  Elias  is  come  already,  and 
they  knew  him  not.  but  have 
done  unto  him  whatfoever  they 
lilled  :  like  wife  lliall  dfo  the  Son 
of  man  fulfer  of  them.  Acts  iv. 
27.  For  of  a  truth,  againft  thy 
holy  child  Jefus,  whom  thou  hail: 
aneinted,  both  Herod  and  Pon- 
tius Pilate,  with  the  Gentiles 
and  the  people  of  Ifrael,were  ga- 
thered together,  V.  28.  For  to 
do  whatfoever  thy  hand  and  thy 
counfel  determined  before  to  be 
done.  John  xix.  11.  Jefus  an- 
fwercd,  l\hou  couldefl  have  no 
power  at  all  againil  me,  except 
it  were  given  thee  from  above  : 
therefore  he  that  delivered  me 
unto  thee  hath  the  greater  fin. 
Prov.  xvi.  33.  The  lot  is  cafl  into 
the  lap  ;  but  the  whole  difpofing 
thereof  is  of  the  Lord. 

II.  "^  Aas  XV.  18.  Known  unto 
God  are  all  his  works  from  the 
beginning  of  the  world.  1  Sam. 
xxiii.  1 1 .  Will  the  men  of  Kcilah 
deliver  me  up  into  his  h.md  ?  Will 
Saul  conic  down,  as  thy  fervant 
hath  heard  i  O  Lord  God  of  Ifrael, 
I  befcech  thee,  tell  thy  fervant. 
And 


Chap.  III.  The  Confejfwn  oj  Faith,  3 9 

any  thins^  becaufe  he  forcfaw  it  as  future,  or  as  that  which 
wonkl  come  to  j)afs  upon  iuch  conditions  «. 

III.  By  the  decree  of  Cod,  for  the  manifeftation  of  his 
glory,  fome  men  and  angels  f  are  predeftinared  unto  ever- 
lafting  life,  and  others  fore-ordained  to  everlailing  death  t. 

IV.  Thefe  angels  and  men,  thus  predeflinated  and  fore- 
ordained, clrc  particularly  and  unchangeably  defigned ;  an.d 
their  number  is  fo  certain  and  definite,  that  it  cannot  be  either 
increafed  or  diminiflied  ^. 

V.  Thofe 

And  the  Lord  faid.  He  will  come 
dowTi.  V.  12.  Then  faid  David, 
Will  the  men  of  Keilah  deliver 
nic  and  my  men  into  the  hand  of 
Saul  ?  And  the  Lord  faid,  They 
will  deliver  thee  up.  Mat.  xi'.  2 1 . 
Woe  unto  thee,  Chorazin  1  woe 
nnto  thee,  Bethfaida  1  for  if  the 
tnighty  works  which  were  done 
in  you  had  been  done  in  Tyre 
and  Sidon,  they  would  have  re- 
pented long  ago  in  fackcloth  and 
iaftes.  V.  23.  And  thou,  Caper- 
naum, which  art  exalted  unto 
heaven,  fhalt  be  brought  down  to 
hell  :  for  if  the  mighty  works 
which  have  been  done  in  thee 
had  been  done  in  Sodom,  it  would 
have  remained  until  this  day. 

'  Rom.  ix.  11.  For  the  children 
beingnotyet  born,  neither  having 
done  any  good  or  evil,  that  the 
purpofe  of  God  according  to  elec- 
tion might  iland,  not  of  works, 
but  of  him  that  calleth.  V.  13. 
As  it  is  written,  Jacob  have  I  lov- 
ed, but  Efau  have  I  hated.  V.I  6. 
So  then,  it  is  not  of  him  that  will- 
eth,  nor  of  him  that  runneth, 
but  of  God  that  Ihcweth  mercy. 
V.  18.  Therefore  hath  he  mercy 
on  whom  he  will  have  mercy,  and 
whom  he  will  he  hardeneth. 

III.,   f  I  Tim-  V.  21.  I  charge 

•  thee   before  God,   and  the  Lord 

Jefus  Chrift,  and  the  elect  angels, 

tliat  thou  obferve  tiiefe  things, 


without  preferring  one  before  an- 
other, doing  nothing  by  partia- 
lity. Mat.  XXV.  4J .  Then  fhall 
he  fay  alio  mno  them  on  the  lefs 
hand,  Depart  fromme,  ye  curfed, 
into  everlafting  tire,  prepared  for 
the  devil  and  his  angels. 

^  Rom.  ix.  22.  What  if  God, 
willing  to  (hew  his  ^^Tath,  and  to 
make  his  power  known,  endured 
with  much  long-fuffering  tlie  vef- 
fels  of  v^Tath  fitted  to  deilru6tion: 
V.  23.  And  that  he  might  make 
known  the  riches  of  his  glory  on 
the  vefiels  of  mercy,  which  he 
had  afore  prepared  unto  glory? 
Eph.  i.  5.  Having  predeflinated 
us  unto  the  adoption  of  children 
by  Jefus  Chrift  to  himfelf,  accord- 
ing to  the  good  pleafure  of  his  will, 
V.  6.  To  the  praife  of  the  glory 
of  his  grace,  wherein  he  hath  made 
us  accepted  in  the  Beloved.  Prov. 
xvi.  4.  The  Lord  hath  made  all 
things  for  himfelf;  yea,  even  the 
wicked  for  the  day  of  evil. 

IV.  ''2  Tim.  ii.  19.  Neverthelefs 
the  foundation  of  God  ftandeth 
fure,  having  this  feal.  The  Lord 
knoweththemthatarehis.  And,  Let 
every  onethatnameththename  of 
Chrift  depart  from  iniquity.  John 
xiii.  18.  I  fpeaknot  of  you  all;  I 
know  whom  I  have  chofen  :  but 
that  the  fcripture  may  be  fulfilled. 
He  that  eateth  bread  with  me 
hath  lifted  up  his  heel  againft  me. 
V.  '  Eph. 


40  The  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Chap.  III. 

V.  Thofe  of  mankind  that  are  predeftinated  unto  life,  God, 
before  the  foundation  of  the  world  was  laid,  according  to  his 
eternal  and  immutable  purpofe,  and  the  fecret  counlcl  and 
good  pleallire  of  his  will,  hath  chofen  in  Chriil:,  unto  ever- 
lading  glory  ',  out  of  his  mere  free  grace  and  love,  without 
any  forefight  of  faith  or  good  works,  or  perfeverancc  in 
eitlier  of  them,  or  any  other  thing  in  the  creature,  as  condi- 
tions, or  caufes  moving  him  thereunto  ^  ;  and  all  to  the  praife 
of  his  glorious  grace  K 

VI.  As  God  hath  appointed  the  eled  unto  glory,  fo  hath  he, 
by  the  eternal  and  moll  free  purpofe  of  his  will,  fore-ordained 
all  the  means  thereunto  '^.     Wherefore  they  who  are  elec'led 

being 


V.  ^  Eph.  i.  4.  According  as  he 
hath  chofen  us  in  him  before  the 
foundation  of  the  world,  that  we 
fliouldbe  holy,  and  without  blame 
before  him  in  love:  V.9.  Hav- 
ing made  known  unto  us  tlie 
myftery  of  his  will,  according  to 
his  good  pleafure,  which  he  hath 
purpofed  in  himfelf:  V.  ir.In 
whom  alfo  we  have  obtained  an 
inheritance,  being  predeftinated 
according  to  the  purpofe  of  him 
who  worketh  all  things  after  the 
counfel  of  his  own  will.  Rom. 
viii.  30.  Moreover,  whom  he  did 
predellinate,  them  he  alfo  calledj 
and  whom  he  called,  them  he  al- 
fo juftified  ;  and  whom  he  jufti- 
fied,  them  he  alfo  glorified.  2  Tim. 
i.  9.  Who  hath  faved  us,  and  call- 
ed us  with  an  holy  calling,  not 
according  to  our  works,  but  ac- 
cording to  his  own  purpofe  and 
grace,  which  was  given  us  in 
Chrift  Jefus  before  the  world  be- 
gan. 1  Their.  V.  9.  For  God 
hath  not  appointed  us  to  wrath ; 
but  to  obtain  falvation  by  oiu' 
Lord  Jefus  Chrift. 

^  Rom.  ix.  ir,  13,  16.  [_See 
letter  * '  imtnediately  foregoing  ] 
Kph.  i.  4,  9-  [_See  letter  *  imme- 
diataly  foregoing.  ] 


'  Eph.  i.  6.  To  the  praife  of 
the  glory  of  his  grace,  wherein  he 
hath  made  us  accepted  in  the  Be- 
loved. V.  12.  That  we  fliould  be 
to  the  praife  of  his  glory,  who 
lirft  truited  in  Chrift. 

VI.  '"  I  Pet.  i.  2.  £lea  accord- 
ing to  the  foreknowledge  of  God 
the  Father,  through  fanttification 
of  the  Spirit  unto  obedience,  and 
fprinkling  of  the  blood  of  Jefus 
Chrift.  Eph.  i.  4.  According  as 
he  hath  chofen  us  in  him  before 
the  foundation  of  the  world,  that 
we  fliould  be  holy,  and  without 
blame  before  him  in  love:  V.  5. 
Having  predeftinated  us  unto  the 
adoption  of  children  by  Jefus 
Chrift  to  himfelf,  according  to 
the  good  pleafure  of  his  will. 
Eph.  ii.  10.  For  we  are  his 
workmanfliip,  created  in  Chrift 
Jefus  unto  good  works,  which 
God  hath  before  ordained  that 
we  fliould  walk  in  them. 
2  Their,  ii.  13.  But  we  are  bound 
to  give  thanks  aiway  to  "God 
for  you,  brethren,  beloved  of  ihe 
Lord,  becaufe  God  hath  from 
ihe  beginning  chofen  you  to 
falvation,  through  fanitification 
of  the .  Spirit,  and  belief  of  the 
truth, 

°  I  Their. 


Chap.  m.  The  Confefion  of  Faith.  41 

being  fallen  iia  Adam,  are  redeemed  by  Chnft  ",  are  effccTm- 
ally  called  unto  faith  in  Chrill  by  his  Spirit  working  in  due 
feafon ;  are  juftificd,  adopted,  fandilied  %  and  kept  by  his 
power  through  faith  unto  falvation  p.  Neither  are  any  other 
redeemed  by  Clii'ill,  effedually  called,  jullilied,  ado^Xed, 
fan6i:ified,  and  faved,  but  the  eled  only  i. 

VII.  The  reil  of  mankind,  God  was  pleafed,  according  to 
the  unfearchable  counfel  of  his  own  will,  whereby  he  extend- 
eth  or  with-holdeth  mercy  as  he  pleafeth,  for  the  glory  of  his 
fovereign  power  over  his  creatures,  to  pafs  by,  and  to  ordain 
them  to  difhonoiu-  and  wrath  for  their  fin,  to  the  praife  of  his 
glorious  juilice '. 


"  I  ThefT.  V.  9.  For  God  hath 
not  appointed  us  to  wrath,  but 
to  obtain  falvation  by  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift.  V.  10.  Who  died  for 
lis,  that  whether  we  wake  or 
fleep  we  fliould  live  together 
with  him.  Tit.  ii.  14.  Who  gave 
Jiinifelf  for  us,  that  he  might  re- 
deem us  from  all  iniquity,  and 
purify  unto  himfelf  a  peciiliur 
people,  zealous  of  good  works. 

°  Rom.  viii.  30.  Moreover, 
whom  he  did  predeftinate,  them 
he  alfo  called  ;  and  whom  he 
called,  them  he  alfo  julVified ; 
and  whom  he  juftified,  them  he 
alfo  glorified.  Eph.  i.  5.  Having 
predeftinated  us  unto  the  adop- 
tion of  children  by  Jefus  Chrift  to 
himfelf,  according  to  the  good 
pleafure  of  his  will.  2  Thefl^.  ii. 
1 3.  But  we  are  bound  to  give 


thiiuks    alwa^ 


y  to  God  for  you, 
brethren,  beloved  of  the  Lord, 
becaufe  God  hath  from  the  be- 
gimiing  chofen  you  to  falvation, 
through  fanctification  of  the  Spi- 
rit, and  belief  of  the  truth. 

P  1  Pet.  i.  5.  Who  are  kept  by 
tlie  power  of  God  through  faith 
unto  falvation,  ready  to  be  re- 
vealed in  the  laft  time. 

**  Johnxvii.  9.  I  pray  for  them: 
r  pray  not  for  the  world,  but  for 


VIII.  The 

them  which  thou  haft  given  me, 
for  they  are  thine.  Rom.  viii.  28. 
And  we  know  that  all  things  work 
together  for  good  to  them  that 
love  God,  to  them  who  are  the 
called  according  to  his  purpofe, 
(6*6'.  \jo  the  end  of  the  Chapter.'] 
John  vi.  64.  But  there  are  fome 
of  you  that  believe  not.  For 
Jefus  knew  from  the  beginning 
who  they  were  that  believed 
not,  and  who  fhould  betray  him. 
V.  65.  And  he  faid,  Therefore 
faidlmito  you,  That  no  man  can 
come  unto  me  except  it  were 
given  unto  him  of  my  Father. 
John  X.  26.  But  ye  believe  not, 
becaufe  ye  are  not  of  my  fheep, 
as  I  faid  unto  you.  John  viii.  47, 
He  that  is  of  (iod  heareth  God's 
words  :  ye,  therefore,  hear  them 
not,  becaufe  ye  are  not  of  God. 
I  John  ii.  19.  They  went  out 
from  us,  but  they  were  not  of  us : 
for  if  they  had  been  of  us,  they 
would  no  doubt  have  continued 
with  us;  but  they  went  out,  that 
they  might  be  made  manifeft 
that  they  were  not  all  of  us. 
_  VII.  ■■  Matth.  xi.  25.  At  that 
time  Jefus  anfwered,  and  faid,  I 
thank  thee,  O  Father,  Lord  of 
heaven  and  earth,  becaufe  thou 
haft  hid  thefe  things  from  the 
wife 


4^  The  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Cliap.  III. 

VIII.  The  do^lrlne  of  this  high  niyftery  of  predeftination  is 
to  he  handled  with  fpecial  prudence  and  cai-e  %  that  men  at- 
tending the  will  of  God  revealed  in  his  word,  and  yielding 
obedience  thereunto,  may,  from  the  certainty  of  their  effec- 
tual vocation,  be  aifured  of  their  eternal  election  ^  So  (hall 
this  dodh-ine  aiford  matter  of  praiie,  reverence,  and  admira- 
tion of  God  " ;  and  of  luiniility,  diligence,  and  abundant  con- 
folation,  to  all  that  fincerely  obey  the  gofpcl "" ,  r  H  A  ? 


wife  and  prudent,   and  haO:  re- 
vealed them  unto  babes.   V.  26. 
Even  fo,  Father,  for  fo  it  feeraed 
good  in  thy  fight.     Rom.  ix.  17. 
For  the  fcripture  faith  unto  Pha- 
raoh,  Even  for  this  fame  purpofe 
have  I  raifed  thee  up,  that  I  might 
(hew  my  power  in  thee,  and  that 
my    name    might    be    declared 
throughout  all  the  earth.  V.  18. 
Therefore    hath    he    mercy    on 
uhom  he  will  have  mercy,   and 
whom    he    will   he    hardeneth. 
V.    21.    Hath    rxot    the    porter 
power  over  the  clay,  of  the  fame 
lump  to  make  one  velfel  unto 
honour,  and  another  unco  dilho- 
nour?    V.  22.  What  if  God,  will- 
ing to  fliew  his  wrath,   and   to 
make  his  power  known,  endured 
with  much  long-fufFering  the  yef- 
fels  of  wrath  titted  to  de{tru£lion? 
2  Tim.  ii.  19.    Neverthelefs  the 
foundation  of  God  ftandeth  fare, 
having  this  feal.  The  Lord  knovv- 
eth  them  that  are  his.   And,  Let 
every  one  that  nameth  the  name 
of  Chrift  depart  from   iniquity. 
V.  20.  But  in  a  great  houfe  there 
are  not  only  vellelsof  gold  and  of 
filver,  but  alfo  of  wood  and  of 
earth ;  and  fome  to  honour,  and 
fome  to'diflionour.    Judc,  vcr.  4- 
For  there  are  certain  men  crept  in 
unawares,  who  were  before  of  old 
ordained  to  this  condemnation, 
ungodly  noen,  turning  the  grace 
of  our   God   into  lalciviou^ncfs, 
and  denying  the  only  Lord  God, 


and  our  Lord  Jefus  Chrift.  i  Pet. 
ii.  8.  And  a  (tone  of  ftumbling, 
and  a  rock  of  offence,  even  to 
them  which  Humble  at  the  word, 
being  difobedicnt,  whereunto  alfo 
they  were  appointed. 

VI n.  '  Rom.  ix.  20.  Nay  but, 
O  man,  who  art  thou  that  re- 
plied againft  God  ?  fliall  the  thing 
formed  fay  to  him  that  formed 
it.  Why  haft  thou  made  me  thus? 
Rom.  xi.  3^.  O  the  depth  of  the 
riches  both  of  the  wifdom  and 
knowledge  of  God!  how  un- 
fearchable  are  his  judgments,  and 
his  ways  paft  finding  out !  Deut. 
xxix.  29.  The  fecret  things  be- 
long unto  the  Lord  our  God  :  but 
thofe  things  which  are  revealed 
belong  unto  us  and  to  our  chil- 
dren for  ever,  that  we  may  do 
all  the  words  of  this  law. 

*  2  Pet.  i.  10.    Wherefore  the 
rather,    brethren,    give  all  dili-  : 
gence  to  make  your  calling  and  ! 
eleftion  fure  :  for  if  ye  do  thefe 
things  ye  ihall  never  fall. 

^  Kph.  i.  6.  To  the  praife  of 
the  glory  of  his  grace,  wiierein  he 
hath  made  us  accepted  in  the  Be- 
loved. Rom.  xi.  33.  [_Se(i  letter  ^ 
immediately  foregoing.~\  ^ 

^-  Rom.  xi.  5.  Even  fo  then  at ; 
this  prefent  time  alfo  there  is  a 
remnant  according  to  the  elec- 
,tion  of  grace.  V.  6.  And  if  by 
*  grace,  then  is  it  no  more  of  works: 
otherwife  grace  is  no  more  grace. 
But  if  it  be  of  works,  then  it  is 

no 


Ciiap.  IV. 


The  Confejfion  of  Faith* 


41 


CHAP.   IV.     OfCreatmu 

IT  pleafed  God  the  Father,  Son,  and  Holy  Gholl:  %  for 
the  manifeltation  of  the  glory  of  his  eternal  power,  wif- 
doni,  and  goodnefs  %  in  the  beginning,  to  create,  or  make 
of  nothing,  the  world,  and  all  things  therein,  whether  vifible 
or  invifible,  in  the  fpace  of  fix  days,  and  all  very  good^. 
II.  After  God  had  made  all  other  creatures,  he  created 

man, 


no  more  grace:  othcrwife  work 
is  no  more  work.  V.  20.  Well ; 
becaufe  of  unbelief  they  were 
broken  off,  and  thou  ftandell  by 
faith.  Be  not  high-minded,  but 
fear.  2  Pet.  i.  10.  [_See  letter"^ 
immediately  foregoing.)  Rom. 
viii.  33.  Who  fhall  lay  any  thing 
to  the  charge  of  God's  elect?  It  is 
God  that  juilifieth.  Luke  x.  20. 
Notwithltanding  in  this  rejoice 
not  that  the  Ipirits  are  fubjeft 
unto  ynu  :  bnt  rather  rejoice  be- 
caufe your  names  are  written  in 
heaven. 

I.  *  Heb.  i.  2.  Hath  in  thefe 
laft  days  fpoken  unto  us  by  his 
Son,  whom  he  hath  appointed 
heir  ofall  things,  by  whom  alfo  he 
made  the  worlds.  John  i.  2.  The 
fame  was  in  the  beginning  with 
God.  V.  3.  All  things  were  made  by 
him ;  and  without  him  was  not  any 
thing  made  that  was  made.  Gen. 
i.  2.  And  the  earth  was  without 
form,  and  void;  anddarknefs  was 
upon  the  face  of  the  deep :  and 
the  Spirit  of  God  moved  upon  the 
face  of  the  waters.  Job  xxvi.  1 3. 
By  his  Spirit  he  hath  garniflied 
the  heavens;  his  hand  hath  formed 
the  crooked  ferpent.  Job  xxxiii. 
4.  The  Spirit  of  God  hath  made 
me,  and  the  breath  of  the  Al- 
biighty  hath  given  me  life. 

•»  Rom.  i.  20.  For  the  invifible 
things  of  him  from  the  creation 
of   the    world  are  clearly  feen, 


being  underftood  by  the  tnings 
that  are  made,  even  his  eternal 
power  and  Godhead ;  fo  that  they 
are  without  excufe.  Jer.  x.  12. 
He  hath  made  the  earth  by  his 
power,  he  hath  eftablifhed  the 
world  by  his  wifdom,  and  hath 
ftretched  out  the  heavens  by  his 
difcretion.  Pfal.  civ.  24.  O  Lord, 
how  manifold  are  thy  works !  in 
wifdom  hart  thou  made  them  all : 
the  earth  is  full  of  thy  riches. 
Pfal.  v.>t3ciii,  5.  He  loveth  righ- 
teoufnefs  and  judgment:  the  earth 
is  full  of  the  goodnefs  of  the  Lord. 
V .  6 .  By  the  word  of  the  Lord 
were  the  heavens  made,  and  all 
the  hoit  of  them  by  the  breath 
of  his  mouth. 

['  The  luhole  firfi  Chapfer  of 
Ge^i.']  Heb.  xi.  3.  Through  faifh 
we  undei-ltand  that  the  worlds 
were  framed  by  the  word  of  God, 
fo  that  things  which  are  ieen. 
were  not  made  of  things  which 
do  appear.  Col.  i.  16.  For  by 
him  were  all  things  created  that 
are  in  heaven,  and  that  are  in 
earth,  vifible  and  invifible,  whe- 
ther they  ibe  thrones,  or  domini- 
ons, or  principalities,. or  powers; 
all  things  were  created  by  him, 
and  for  him.  A£ls  xvii.  24.  God 
that  made  the  world,  and  all 
things  therein,  feeing  that  he  is 
Lord  of  heaven  and  curth,  dwcll- 
eth  not  in  temples  m.ade  with 
hands.  ■ 

IL  d  Gen, 


44  The  Confeffion  of  Faith,  Chap.  IV. 

man,  male  and  female  ^,  with  reafonable  and  immortal 
fouls  %  endued  with  knowiedo"e,  righteoiifnefs,  and  true  ho- 
jincls,  after  his  own  imaged,  havino:  the  law  of  God  written 
in  tlieir  hearts  e,  and  power  to  fulfil  it  ^^;  and  yet  under  a 
pollibility  of  tranfgrefTing,  being  left  to  the  liberty  of  their 
own  will,  which  was  fubjedl  unto  change*.  Be  fide  this  law 
"wntten  in  their  hearts,  they  received  a  command  not  to  eat 
of  the  "tree  of  the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil^;  which  while 

they 


II.  '*  Gen.  i.  27.  So  God  crea- 
ted man  in  his  own  image,  in  the 
image  of  Ciod  created  he  him  : 
male  and  female  created  he  them. 

"  Gen.  ii,  7.  And  the  Lord 
God  formed  man  of  the  dull  of 
the  ground,  and  breathed  into  his 
noftrils  the  breath  of  life  ;  and 
man  became  a  living  foul.  With 
Eccl.  xii.  7.  Thenihall  the  duft 
return  to  the  earth  as  it  was;  and 
the  fpirit  fliali  return  unto  God 
who  gave  it.  And  Luke  xxiii.  4;?. 
And  Jefus  faid  unto  him,  Verily  I 
fay  unto  thee,  To-day  Ihalt  thou 
be  with  me  in  paradife.  And  Mat. 
X.  28.  And  fear  not  them  which 
kill  the  body,  but  are  not  able  to 
kill  the  foul :  but  rather  fear  him 
which  IS  able  to  deilroy  both  foul 
and  body  in  hell. 

f  Gen.  i.  26.  And  God  faid,  Let 
lis  mike  man  in  our  image,  after 
our  likenefs;  and  let  them  have 
dominion  over  the  tifh  of  the  fea, 
and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air, 
and  over  the  cattle,  and  over  all 
the  earth,  and  over  every  creep- 
ing thing  that  creepeth  i\pon  the 
earth.  Col.  iii.  10.  And  have  put 
on  the  new  man,  which  is  renew- 
ed in  knowledge,  after  the  image 
of  him  that  created  him.  Eph.  iv. 
24.  And  tliat  ye  put  on  the  new 
man,  which  after  God  is  created 
in  righteoufnefs  and  true  holinefs. 

^  Kom.  ii.  14.  For  when  the 
Gentiles,  which  have  not  the  law, 


do  by  nature  the  things  contained 
in  the  law,  thefe  having  not  the 
law,  are  a  law  unto  thenifelves: 
V.  15.  Which  fhew  the  work  of 
the  law  written  in  their  hearts, 
their  confcience  alfo  bearing  wit- 
nefs,  and  their  thoughts  the  mean 
while  accuftng  or  elfe  excufmg 
one  another. 

^  Eccl.  vii.  29.  Lo,  this  only 
have  I  found,  that  God  hath  made 
man  upright;  but  they  have  fought 
out  many  invention.^. 

^  Gen.  iii.  6.  And  when  the  wo- 
man faw  that  the  tree  was  good 
for  food,  and  that  it  was  pleafant 
to  the  eyes,  and  a  tree  to  be  de- 
lired  to  make  one  wife ;  flie  took 
of  the  fruit  thereof,  and  did  eat, 
and  gave  alfo  unto  her  huiband 
with  her,  and  he  did  eat.  Eccl. 
vii.  29.  \_See  letter  ^  imiiiediately 
foregoing.  ] 

^  Gen.  ii.  17.  But  of  the  tree  of 
tlie  knowledge  of  good  and  evil 
thou  flialt  not  eat  of  it ;  for  in  the 
day  that  thou  eatell  thereof  thou 
flialt  furely  die.  Gen.  iii.  8.  And 
they  heard  the  voice  of  the  Lord 
God  walking  in  the  garden  in  tlie 
cool  of  the  day :  and  Adam  and 
his  wife  hid  thenifelves  from  the 
prefencc  of  the  Lord  God  amonglt 
the  trees  of  the  garden.  V.  9. 
And  the  Lord  God  called  unto 
Adam,  and  laid  unto  him,  Where 
art  thou  ?  V.  10.  And  he  faid,  I 
heard  thy  voice  in  the  garden : 

and 


Chap.  V.  The  Confefion  of  Faith.  45 

they  kept  they  were  happy  in  their  communion  with  God,  and 
had  dominion  over  the  creatures  J. 


CHAP.  V.     Of  Providence. 

GOD,  the  great  Creator  of  all  things,  doth  uphold  =»,  dlreft, 
difpolc,  and  govern  all  creatures,  adions,  and  things  % 
from  the  greatefl  even  to  the  leall  ^,  by  his  moft  wife  and  noly 

provi- 


and  I  was  afraid,  becaufe  I  was 
naked ;  and  I  hid  myfelf.  V  11. 
And  he  faid,  Who  told  thee  that 
tlioii  waft  naked  ?  Haft  thou  eaten 
of  the  ti'ee,  whereof  I  lomTiianded 
tliee  that  thou  fhouldeft  not  eat  ? 
V.  23.  Therefore  the  Lord  God 
fent  him  forth  from  the  garden  of 
Eden,  to  till  the  ground  from 
whence  he  was  taken. 

'  Gen.  i.  26.  And  God  faid,  Let 
us  make  man  in  our  image,  after 
our  likenefs:  and  let  them  have 
dominion  over  the  fifli  of  the  fea, 
and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air,  and 
over  the  cattle,  and  over  all  the 
earth,  and  over  ^very  creeping 
thing  that  creepethupontheearth. 
V.  28.  And  God  blefied  them ;  and 
God  faid  unto  them,  Be  fruitful, 
and  multiply,  and  replenifli  the 
earth,  and  fubdue  it;  and  have 
dominion  over  the  fifh  of  the  fea, 
and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air,  and 
over  every  livijig  thing  that  mo- 
veth  upon  the  earth. 

I.  ^  Heb.  i.  3.  Who  being  the 
hrightnefs  of  his  glory,  and  the 
exprcfs  image  of  his  perfon,  and 
upholding  all  things  by  the  -word 
of  his  power,  when  he  had  by 
himfelf  purged  our  fins,  fat  down 
on  the  right  hand  of  the  Majefty 
on  high. 

''  Dan.  iv.  34.  And,  at  the  end 
of  the  days,  I  Nebuchadnez-^ar 
lifted  up  mine  eyes  unto  heaven, 
and  mine  undcrftanding  returned 
auio  me,  and  I  blelTed  the  moft 


High,  and  I  praifed  and  honour- 
ed him  that  liveth  for  ever,  whofe 
dominion  is  an  everlafting  domi- 
nion, and  his  kingdom  is  from 
generation  to  generation.  V,  35. 
And  all  the  inhabitants  of  the 
earth  are  reputed  as  nothing  :  and 
he  doeth  according  to  his  will  in 
tlie  army  of  heaven,  and  among 
the  inhabitants  of  the  earth;  and 
none  can  Itay  hishaTid,  or  fay  un- 
to him,  What  doeft  thou?  Pfal. 
cxxxv.  6.  Whatfoever  the  Lord 
pleafed,  that  did  he  in  heaven, 
and  in  earth,  in  the  feas,  and  all 
deep  places.  Aclsxvii.25.  Nei- 
ther is  worfliipped  with  men's 
hands,  as  though  he  needed  any 
thing,  feeing  he  giveth  to  all  life, 
and  breath,  and  all  things.  V.  26. 
And  hath  made  of  one  blood  all 
nations  of  men,  for  to  dwell  on 
all  the  face  of  the  earth,  and  hath 
determined  the  times  before  ap- 
pointed, and, the  bounds  of  their 
habitation.  V.  28.  For  in  him  we 
live,  and  move,  and  have  our 
being  ;  as  certain  alfo  of  your 
own  poets  have  faid,  For  we  are 
alfo  his  offspring.  Job,  Chapters 
xxxviii,  xxxix,  xl,  xli. 

^  Matth.  X.  29.  Are  not  two 
fparrows  fold  for  a  farthing?  and 
one  of  them  fliall  not  fall  on  the 
ground  without  your  Father. 
V.  3c.  But  the  very  hairs  of  your 
head  are  all  numbered.  V.  31. 
Fear  ye  not,  therefore,  ye  are  of 
more  value  than  many  fparrows. 
^  Prov, 


46 


the  Confejjion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  V. 


providence  ^,  accordincr  to  his  infallible  foreknowledge  %  and 
the  free  and  iiiimutablc  connfel  of  his  own  willf,  to  the  praife  of 
the  glory  of  his  wifdom,  power,  jufticc,  goodnefs,  and  mercy  g. 
II.  Although,  in  relation  to  the  foreknowledge  and  decree 
of  God,  the  lirfl  canfe,  all  things  come  to  pafs  immutably  and 
infallibly  ^ ;  yet,  by  the  fame  providence,  he  ordereth  them  to 
fall  out  according  to  the  nature  of  fecond  caufe^,  either  ne- 
celTarily,  freely,  or  contingently-. 


^  Prov.  XV.  3.  The  eyes  of  the 
Lord  are  in  every  place,  behold- 
ing the  evil  and  the  good.  Pfal. 
civ.  24.  O  Lord,  how  manifold 
are  thy  works !  in  wifdom  hall 
thou  made  them  all :  the  earth  is 
full  of  thy  riches.  Pfal.  cxlv.  17. 
The  Lord  is  righteous  in  all  his 
ways,  and  holy  in  all  his  works. 

^A6ls  XV,  r8.  Known  unto  God 
are  all  his  works  from  the  begin- 
ning of  the  world.  Pfal.  xciv.  8. 
Underftand,  ye  brutifh  among  the 
people  :  and,  ye  fools,  when  will 
ye  be  wife  ?  V.  9^  He  that  plant- 
ed tlie  ear,  fliall  he  not  hear?  he 
that  formed  the  eye,  fliall  he  not 
fee?  V.  10.  Hethatchaftifeththe 
Heathen,  fliall  not  he  correct  ? 
he  that  teacheth  man  knowledge, 
ihall  not  he  know  ?  V.  1 1 .  The 
Lord  knoweth  the  thoughts  of 
man,  that  they  are  vanity. 

*■  Eph.  i.  1 1 .  In  whom  alfo  we 
have  obtained  an  inheritance,  be- 
ing predeftinated  according  to  the 
purpofe  of  him  who  worketh  all 
things  after  the  counfclof  hisown 
will.  Pfal.  xxxiii.  10.  The  Lord 
bringeth  the  counfel  of  the  Hea- 
then to  nought:  he  maketh  the  de- 
vices of  the  people  of  none  effeft- 
V.  1 1 .  The  counfel  of  the  Lord 
ftandeth  for  ever,  the  thoughts  of 
his  heart  to  all  genei-ations. 

«  Ifaiah  Ixiii.  14  As  a  bead  go- 
eth  down  into  the  valley,  the 
Spirit  of  the  Lord  tauftd  him  to 
red  J  fo  didfl  thou  lead  thy  pjeople, 


m.  God 

to  make  thyfelf  a  glorious  name. 
Eph.  iii.  10.  To  the  intent  that 
now  unto  the  principalities  and 
powers  in  heavenly  places  might 
be  known  by  the  church  the  mani- 
fold wifdom  of  God.  Rom.  ix.  17. 
For  the  fcripture  faith  unto  Pha- 
raoh, Even  for  this  fame  purpofe 
have  I  raifed  thee  up,  that  I 
might  fliev/  my  power  in  thee, 
and  that  my  name  might  be  de- 
clared throughout  all  the  earth. 
Gen.  xlv.  7.  And  God  fent  me 
before  you,  to  preferve  you  a 
poflerity  in  the  earth,  and  to  fave 
your  lives  by  a  great  deliverance. 
Pfal.  cxlv.  7.  They  fliall  abun- 
dantly utter  the  memory  of  thy 
great  goodnefs,  and  fliall  fing  of 
thy  righteoufnefs. 

n.  '^Aftsii.  2  3.  Him,  being  deli- 
vered by  the  determinate  counfel 
and  foreknowledge  of  God,  ye 
have  taken,  and  by  wicked  hands 
have  crucified  and  flain. 

'  Gen.  viii.  22.  While  the  earth 
rcmaiieth,  feed-time  and harveft, 
and  cold  and  heat,  and  fummer 
and  winter,  and  day  and  night, 
fliall  not  ceafe.  Jcr.  xxxi.  35. 
Thus  faith  the  Lord,  which  gi- 
vcth  the  fun  for  a  light  by  day, 
and  the  ordinances  of  the  moon, 
and  of  the  liars  for  a  light  by 
night ;  m  hich  divideth  the  fea, 
when  the  waves  thereof  roar  j 
the  Lord  of  hofts  is  his  name. 
Exod.  xxi.  13.  And  if  a  man  lie 
not  in  wait,  but  God  deliver  him 
into 


Chap.  V. 


The  Confcffion  of  Faith. 


47 

III.  God  in  his  ordinary  providence  maketh  life  of  means  »=, 
yet  is  free  to  work  without ',  above  "^,  and  againfl  them  ",  at 
his  pleafure. 


into  his  hand;  then  I  will  appoint 
thee  a  place  whither  he  fliall  flee. 
With  Deut.  xix.  5.   As  when  a 
man  goeth  iirto  the  wood  with 
his  neighbour  to  hew  wood,  and 
his  hand   fetcheth  a  ftroke  with 
the  axe  to  cut  down  the  tree,  and 
the  head  ilippeth  from  the  helve, 
and  lighteth  upon  his  neighbour 
that  he  die ;  he  fliall  flee  unto  one 
of  thofe  cities  and  live,    i  Kings^ 
xxii.  28.   And  Micaiah  faid,  If 
thou  return  at  all  in  peace,  the 
Lord  hath  not  fpoken  by  me.  And 
he  faid,  Hearken,  O  people,  every 
one  of  you.  V.  34.  And  a  certain 
man  drew  a  bow  at  a  venture, 
and  fn^ote  the  king  of  Ifrael  be- 
tween the  joints  of  the  harnefs-: 
wherefore  he  faid  unto  the  driver 
of  his  chariot,  Turn  thine  hand, 
and  carry  me  out  of  the  Iiofl:,  for 
I  am  wounded.    Ifa.  x.  6.  I  will 
fend  him  againit  an  hypocritical 
nation  ;  and  againft  the  people  of 
my  wrath  will  I  give  him  a  charge, 
to  take  the  fpoil,  and  to  take  the 
prey,    and  to  tread  tliem  down 
like  the  inire  of  the  flrcets.  V.  7. 
Hovvbeit,  hemeaneth  not  ^o^  nei- 
ther doth  his  heart  think  fo  ;  but 
it  is  in  his  heart  to  dellroy,  and 
cut  off" nations  not  a  few. 

III.  "^  Afts  xxvii.  31.  Paul  faid 
to  the  centurion,  and  to  the  foU 
diers.  Except  tliefe  abide  in  the 
fliip  ye  cannot  be  faved.  V.  44. 
And  the  ref|,  fonie  on  hoards,  and 
-  fome  on  broken  pieces  of  the  fliip : 
and  fo  it  came  to  pafs  that  they 
efcaped  all  fafe  to  land.  Ifaiah 
Iv.  10.  For  as  the  rain  cometh 
.down,  and  the  fnow,  from  hea- 
ven, and  returneth  not  thither, 
but  watereth  the  earth,  and  ma- 
keth it  bring  forth  and  bud,  that 


IV.  The 

it  may  give  feed  to  the  fower,  and 
bread  to  the  eater:  V.  ii-  So 
fliall  my  word  be  that  goeth  forth 
out  of  my  mouth :  it  fliall  not  re- 
turn unto  me  void,  but  it  fliall 
accomplifli  that  which  I  pleafe, 
and  it  (hall  profper  in  the  thing 
whereto  I  fent  it.  Hof.  ii.  21. 
And  it  fliall  come  to  pafs  in  that 
day,  I  will  hear,  faith  the  Lord; 
I  will  hear  the  heavens,  and  they 
fliall  hear  the  earth;  V.  22.  And 
the  earth  fliall  hear  the  corn,  and 
the  wine,  and  the  oil,  and  they 
fliall  hear  Jezreel. 

1  Hof.  i.  7.  But  I  will  have 
mercy  upon  the  houfe  of  Judah, 
and  will  fave  them  by  the  Lord 
their  God,  and  will  not  fave  them 
by  bov/,  nor  by  fu'ord,  nor  by 
battle,  by  horfes,  nor  by  horfe- 
men.  Matth.  iv.  4.  But  he  an- 
fwered,  and  faid.  It  is  written, 
Man  (liall  not  live  by  bread  alone, 
but  by  every  word  that  proceed- 
ethout  of  the  mouthof  God.  Job 
xxxiv.  10.  Therefore  hearken  un- 
to me,  ye  men  of  underflanding: 
Far  be  it  from  God,  that  hefliould 
do  wickednefs,  and  from  the 
Almighty,  that  he  fliouid  commit 
iniquity. 

"'  Kom.  iv.  19.  And  being  not 
weak  in  faith,  he  confidered  not 
his  own  body  now  dead,  when  he 
was  about'an  hundred  years  old, 
neither  yet  the  deadnefs  of  Sara's 
womb.  V.  20.  He  daggered  not 
at  the  promife  of  God  through 
unbelief;  but  was  flrong  in  faith, 
giving  giory  to  God.  V .  21.  And 
being  fully  perfuaded,  that  what 
he  had  promifed  he  was  able  alfo 
to  perform. 

"2  Kings  M   6.  And  the  man  of 

God  faid,  Where  fell  it?  And  he 

fliewed 


48  "The  Confefion  of  Faith.  -     Chap.  V. 

IV.  The  almisyhty  power,  unfearchable  wifclom,  and  inO- 
nite  goodnefs  of  God,  fo  far  manifeil  themfelves  in  his  provi- 
dence, that  it  extendeth  ilfelf  even  to  the  firft  fall, and  all  other 
fins  of  angels  and  men  °,  and  that  not  by  a  bare  permiHion  p, 
but  fuch  as  hath  joined  with  it  a  mofl  wife  and  powerful 

bound- 


iliewed  him  the  place.  And  he  cut 
down  a  ftick,  and  caft  it  in  thi- 
ther, and  the  iron  did  fwim.  Dan. 
iii .  2  7 .  And  the  princes,  governors, 
and  captains,  and  the  king^s  coun- 
fellors,  being  gathered  together, 
faw  thefe  men,  upon  whofe  bodies 
the  fire  had  no  power,  nor  was  an 
hair  of  their  head  fmged,  nei- 
ther were  their  coats  changed, 
nor  the  fmell  of  tire  had  paiTed 
on  them. 

IV.  °  Rom.  xi.  32.  For  God 
hath  concluded  them  all  in  unbe- 
lief, that  he  might  have  mercy 
upon  all.  V.  33.  O  the  depth  of 
the  riches  both  of  the  wifdom 
and  knowledge  of  God  !  how  un- 
fearchable are  his  judgments,  and 
his  ways  pall  finding  out !  V.  34. 
For  who  hath  known  the  mind 
of  the  Lord,  or  who  hath  been 
his  counfellor  ?  2  Sam.  xxiv.  r. 
And  again  the  anger  of  the  Lord 
was  kindled  againll  Ifrael,  and 
he  moved  David  againft  them  to 
fay,(jo,  number  Ifrael  and  Judah. 
With  I  Chron.  xxi.  r.  And  Satan 
ftood  up  againft  Ifrael,  and  pro- 
voked David  to  number  Ifrael. 
I  Kings  xxii.  22.  And  the  Lord 
faid  unto  him,  Wherewith?  And 
he  faid,  I  will  go  forth,  and  I 
will  be  a  lying  fpirit  in  the  mouth 
of  all  his  prophets.  And  he  faid. 
Thou  flialt  perfuade  him,  and 
prevail  alfo  :  go  forth,  and  do  fo. 
V. 2 3. Now,  therefore,  behold,  the 
Lord  hath  put  a  lying  fpirit  in 
the  mouth  of  all  thefe  thy  pro- 
phets, and  the  Lord  hath  fpokcn 


evil  concerning  thee.  1  Chron. 
X.  4.  Then  faid  Saul  to  his  ar- 
mour-bearer. Draw  thy  fword, 
and  thruft  me  through  therewith; 
left  thefe  uncircumcifed  come 
and  abufe  me.  But  his  armour- 
bearer  would  not,  for  he  was  fore 
afraid.  So  Saul  took  a  fword,  and 
fell  upon  It.  V.  [3.  So  Saul  died 
for  his  tranfgreflion  which  he 
committed  againft  the  Lord,  even 
againft  the  word  of  the  Lord, 
which  he  kept  not,  and  alfo  for 
alking  connfel  of  one  that  had  a 
familiar  fpirit,  to  enquire  of  it  -, 
V.  14.  And  enquired  not  of  the 
Lord  :  therefore  he  flew  him,  and 
turned  the  kingdom  unto  David, 
the  fon  of  Jelfe.  2Sam.  xvi.  10. 
And  the  king  faid,  What  have  I 
to  do  with  you,  ye  fons  of  Zeru- 
iah?  fo  let  himcurfe,  becaufe  the 
Lord  hath  faid  unto  him,  Curfe 
David.  Who  fhall  then  fay.  Where- 
fore haft  thou  done  fo?  Acts  ii. 
23.  Him,  being  delivered  by  the 
determinate  counfel  and  fore- 
knowledge of  God,  ye  have  taken, 
and  by  wicked  hands  have  cruci- 
fied and  flain.  A6ls  iv.  27.  For  of 
a  truth  againft  thy  holy  child  Je- 
fus,  whom  thou  halt  anointed, 
both  Herod  and  Pontius  Pilate, 
with  the  Gentiles  and  the  people 
of  Ifrael,  were  gathered  together, 
V.  28.  For  to  do  whatfoever  ihy 
hand  and  thy  counfel  determined 
before  to  be  done. 

^  A£ts  xiv.  16.  Who  in  times 
paft  fuffered  all  nations  to  walk 
ia  their  c\\i\  ways. 

•^Pfalm 


Chap.  V.  The  Confefflon  of  Faith,  AP 

bounding  s  and  otherwife  ordering  arid  goveming  of  them, 
in  a  manifold  difpenfation,  to  his  own  holy  ends  ^ ;  yet  fo,  as 
the  finfulnefs  thereof  proceedeth  only  from  the  creature,  and 
not  from  God ;  who,  being  mod  holy  and  righteous,  neither 
is  nor  ran  be  the  author  or  approver  of  fin  *. 

V.  The  moft  wife,  righteous,  and  gracious  God  doth  often- 
times leave  for  a  feafon  his  own  children  to  manifold  tempta- 
tions,  and  the  corruption  of  their  own  hearts,  to  chaftife  them 
for  their  former  fins,  or  to  difcover  unto  them  the  hidden 
flrength  of  corruption  and-  deceitfulnefs  of  their  hearts,  that 
they  may  be  humbled  * ;  and  to  raife  them  to  a  more  clofe  and 

condant 


'^  Pfal.  Ixxvi.  10.  Surely  the 
wrath  of  man  fliall  praife  thee : 
the  remainder  of  wrarh  (halt  thou 
rertrain.  2  Kings  xix.  28.  Be- 
caufe  thy  rage  againit  me,  and 
thy  tumult,  is  come  up  into  muie 
ears ;  therefore  I  will  put  my  hook 
in  thy  nofe,  and  my  bridle  in  thy 
lips,  and  I  will  turn  thee  back  by 
the  way  by  which  thou  camelt. 

'  Gen.  1.  20.  But  as  for  you,  ye 
thought  evil  againft  me :  but  God 
meant  it  unto  good,  to  bring  to 
pafs,  as  it  is  this  day,  to  fave  much 
people  alive.  Ifa.  x.  6.  I  will 
fend  him  againft  an  hypocritical 
nation,  and  againft  the  people  of 
my  wrath  will  I  give  him  a  charge, 
to  take  the  fpoiU  and  to  take  the 
prey,  and  to  tread  them  down  like 
themlreoftheicreets.  V.  7.  How- 
beit  he  meanech  not  fo,  neither 
doth  his  heart  think  fo  ;  but  it  is 
in  his  heart  to  deitroy  and  cut  off 
nations  not  a  few.  V.  12.  Where- 
fore it  Ihall  come  to  pafs,  that, 
"wnen  the  Lord  hath  performed  his 
whole  work  upon  mount  Zion, 
and  on  Jerufalem,  I  will  punilh 
the  fruit  of  the  ftout  iieart  of  the 
king  of  AHyria,  and  the  glory  of 
his  high  looks. 

'  James  i.  [3.  Let  no  man  fay 
when  he  is  tempted,  I  am  tempt- 
ed of  God.:  for  God  cannot  be 


tempted  with  evil,  neither  tempt- 
eth  he  any  man  :  V.  14.  But 
every  man  is  tempted,  when  he  is 
drawn  away  of  his  own  luft,  and 
enticed.  V.  17. Every  good  gift, 
and  every  perfect  gift,  is  from 
above,  andcometh  down  from  the 
Father  of  lights,  with  whom  is 
no  variablenefs,  neither  ftiadow 
of  turning,  i  John  ii.  16.  For  all 
that  is  in  the  world,  the  luft: 
of  the  flelh,  and  the  luft  of  the 
eyes,  and  the  pride  of  life,  is  not 
of  the  Father,  but  is  of  the  world. 
Pfal.  L  2£.  Thefe  things  haft: 
thou  done,  and  I  kept  filence  : 
thou  thoughteft  that  I  was  alto- 
gether fuch  an  one  as  thyfelf  but 
1  will  reprove  thee,  and  fet  them 
in  order  before  thine  eyes. 

V.  ^  2  Ghron.  xxxii.  25.  But 
Hezekiah  rendered  not  again,  ac- 
cording to  the  benetit  done  unto 
him:  for  his  heart  was  lifted  up; 
therefore  there  was  wrath  upon 
him,  and  ui>on  Judah  and  Jerufa- 
lem. V.  26.  NotwithftandingHe. 
zekiah  humbled  himfelf  for  the 
pride  of  his  :ieart,  (both  he  and 
the  inhabitants  of  Jerufalem,)  ^o 
that  the  wrath  of  the  Lord  came 
not  upon  them  in  the  days  of  He- 
zekiah. V.  31.  Howbeit,  in  the 
bufmefs  of  the  ambafladors  of  the 
princes  of  Babylon,  who  fent  unto 
C  him 


50  ^^•'^  Confejfion  of  Faith.  Chap.  V^ 

conftant  dq^endance  for  their  fupport  upon  himfelf,  and  to 
make  them  more  watchful  againil  all  future  occafions  of  fui, 
and  for  fundry  other  jiid  and  holy  ends ''. 

VI.  As  for  thole  wicked  and  ungodly  men,  ^vhom  God  as  a 
■i-jghteous  judge,  for  former  fins,  doth  blind  and  harden  %  from 
them  he  not  only  with-holdeth  his  grace,  whereby  they  might 
have  been  enlightened  in  their  undeiilandings,  and  wrought 


him  to  enquire  of  tlie  wonder  that 
was  done  in  the  land,  Gpd  left  him, 
to  try  him,  that  he  might  know  all 
that  Was  in  his  heart.  2  Sam.  xxiv. 
J .  And  again  the  anger  of  the  Lord 
v:'as  kindled  againft  Ifrael,  and  he 
moved  David  againfl  them  to  fay, 
Go,  number  Ifrael  and  Judah. 

'  2  Cor.  xii.  7.  And  left  I  fhoiild 
beexalted  above  meafure,  through 
the  abundance  of  the  revelations, 
there  was  given  to  me  a  thorn  in 
the  tiefli,  the  meflenger  of  Satan 
to  buifet  me,  left  I  fliould  be  ex- 
sited  above  meafure.  V.  8.  For 
this  thing  I  befought  the  Lord 
thrice,  that  it  might  depart  from 
iTie.  V.  9.  And  he  faid  unto  me, 
My  grace  is  fufficient  for  thee  : 
for  my  ftrength  is  made  perfeft 
in  weaknefs.  Moft  gladly,  there- 
fore, will!  rather  glory  in  my  in- 
jirmifies,  that  the  power  of  Chrift 
may  reft  upon  me.  Pfal.  Ixxiii. 
throughout.  *  Pfal.  Ixxvii.  r.  I 
cried  unto  God  with  my  voice, 
even  unto  God  with  my  voice j 
and  he  gave  ear  unto  me.  V.  ro. 
And  I  faid,  This  is  my  infirmity  : 
but  I  will  remember  the  years  of 
the  right  hand  of  the  moft  High. 
V.12.  I  will  meditate  aifo  of  all 
thy  works,  and  talk  of  thy  doings. 
[RdLtd  the  intermediate  Verfes  in 
ihe  Bible. '\  Mark  xiv.  from  the 
66  Vevfe  to  the  endy  vvith  John 
xxl.  15.  So  when  they  had  dined, 
Jefus  faith  to  Simon  Peter,  Si- 
mon, fon  of  Jonas,  loveft  thou 
me  more  thun  tliefe?  He  faith 


upon 
unto  him.  Yea,  Lord;  thou  know- 
eft  that  I  love  thee.  He  faith  un- 
to him,  Feed  my  lambs.  V.  16. 
He  faith  to  him  again  the  fecond 
time,  Simon,  fon  of  Jonas,  loveft 
thou  me?  He  faith  untw  him.  Yea, 
Lord  -J  thou  knoweft  that  I  love 
thee.  He  faith  unto  him,  Feed 
my  flieep.  V.  17.  He  faith  imto 
him  the  third  time,  Simon,  fon  of 
Jonas,  loveft  thou  me  ?  Peter  was 
grieved,  becaufe  he  faid  unto  him 
the  third  time,  Loveft  thou  me  ? 
And  he  faid  unto  him.  Lord,  [thou 
knoweft  all  things ;  thou  knoweft 
that  I  love  thee.  Jefus  faith  unto 
him,  Feed  my  iheep. 

VL  '''  Rom.  i.  24.  Wherefore 
God  alfo  gave  them  up  to  unclean- 
nefs,  through  the  luftsoftheir  own 
hearts,  to  difhonour  their  own 
bodies  between  themfelvcs.  V.26. 
For  this  caufe  God  gave  them  up 
unto  vile  affeftions :  for  even  their 
women  did  change  the  natural  ufe 
into  that  which  isagainft  nature. 
V.  28.  And  even  as  they  did  not 
like  to  retain  God  in  their  know- 
ledge, God  gave  them  over  to  a 
reprobate  mind,  to  do  thoie  things 
which  are  not  convenient.  Rom. 
xi.  7.  What  then  ?  Ifrael  hath  not 
obtained  that  which  he  feeketh 
for,  but  the  eleftion  hath  obtain- 
ed it,  and  the  reft  were  blinded. 
V.  8.  According  as  it  is  written, 
God  hath  given  them  the  fpirit  of 
flunlber,  cyesthat  they  lliould  not 
fee,  and  ears  thai  they  ibouJd  not 
hear,  unto  this  day. 

*  Deut.  , 


Chap.  V.  The  Confeffion  of  Fdth.  5^ 

upon  in  their  hearts  ^ ;  but  fometimes  alfo  withdraweth  the 
gifts  whicli  tliey  had  >',  and  expofeth  them  to  fiich  objeds  as 
their  coiTiiption  makes  occalion  of  fm  ^',  and  withal,  gives 
them  over  to  their  own  lulls,  the  temptations  of  the  world, 
and  the  power  of  Satan  ^ :  whereby  it  comes  to  pafs,  that 
they  harden  themfeh'es,  even  under  thofe  means  Vv'hich  Gad 
iifeth  for  the  foftening  of  otliers  '•.  Yj-t    p^ 


^  Deut.  xxix.  4.  Yet  the  Lord 
hath  not  given  you  an  Jieart  to 
perceive,  and  eyes  to  fee,  and  ears 
to  hear,  unto  this  day. 

^  Mat.  xiii.  12.  lor  whofoever 
hatii,  to  him  fhall  be  given,  and  he 
lliall  have  more  abundance:  but 
•whofoeverhathnotjfromhimfliall 
be  taken  away  even  that  he  hath. 
Mat.  XXV.  29.  For  unto  every  one 
that  hath  fliall  be  given,  and  he 
fiull  have  abundance  :  but  from 
him  that  hath  not,  fliall  be  taken 
away  even  that  which  he  hath. 

*  Deut.  ii.  30.  But  Sihon  king 
of  Heflibon  would  not  let  us  pafs 
by  him;  for  the  Lord  thy  God 
hardened  his  fpirit,  and  made  his 
heart  obllinate,  that  he  might  de- 
liver him  into  thy  hand,  as  appear- 
eth  this  day.  2  Kings  viii.  12. 
And  Hazael  faid,  Why  vyeepeth 
my  lord  ?  And  he  anf\\ered,  Be- 
caufe  I  know  the  evii  that  thou 
wilt  do  unto  the  children  of  If- 
rael :  their  llrong  holds  wilt  thou 
fet  on  tire,  and  their  young  men 
wilt  thou  flay  with  the  fword,  and 
wilt  dafli  their  children,  and  rip 
up  theirwomen  with  child.  V.  13. 
And  Huzael  faid,  lUit,  what !  is 
ihy  fervant  a  dog,  that  he  ihould 
do  this  great  thing  ?  And  Elilha 
anfwere-d,  The  Lord  hath  fliewed 
me  that  thou  (halt  be  king  over 
Syria. 

^  Pfal .  Ixxxi .  1 1  But  my  people 
would  not  hearken  to  my  voice, 
and  Ifrael  woidd  none  of  me- 
V.  12.  So  I  gave  them  up  unto 


their  own  hearts  lull  ;  and  they 
walked  in  their  own  counfels. 
2  Their,  ii.  10.  And  with  all  de- 
ceivablenels  of  unrighteoufnefs  in 
them  that  perifli ;  becaufe  they 
received  not  the  love  of  the  truth, 
that  they  might  be  faved.  V.  1 1 . 
And  for  tiiis  caufe  God  fliall  fend 
them  ilrong  delulion,  that  they 
Ihould  believe  a  lye.  V.  12 .  T-liat 
they  all  might  be  damned,  who 
believed  not  the  truth,  but  had 
pleafure  in  unrighteoufnefs. 

^  Exod.  vii.  3.  And  I  w^ill  harden 
Pharaoh's  heart,  and  multiply  my 
figns  and  my  wonders  in  the  land 
of  Egypt.     With  Exod.  viii.  15. 
But  when  Pharaoh  faw'  that  there 
was  refpite,he  hardened  his  heart, 
and  hearkened  not  unto  them ;  as 
the  Lord  hiid  faid.     V.  32.  And 
Pharaoh  hardened  his  heart  at 
tins  time  alfo,  neither  would  he 
let  the  people  go.    2Cor.ii.  15. 
For  we  are  unto  God  a  fweet  fa- 
vour of  Chrill;,  in  them  thac  are 
faved,   and  in  them  that  periili. 
\'.  16.  To  the  one  we  are  the  fa- 
vour of  death  unto  death,  and  to 
the  other  the  favour  of  life  unto 
life ;  and  wlio  is  fuincient  for  thefe 
things?    Ifa.  viii.  14.  And  he  ihall 
be  for  a  fancluary ;  but  for  a  Hone 
of  liumbling,  and  for  a  rock  of  of- 
fence, to  both  the  houfes  of  Ifrael; 
for  a  gin,  and  for  a  fnare,  to  the 
inhabitants  of  Jerufalem.     i  Pet. 
ii.  7.  Unto  you,  therefore,  vvhich 
believe  he  is  precious     but  unto 
them  which  be  d.fobec!i€«t,  ttie 
C  2  fconc' 


52  7he  Confef ion  of  Faith,  Chap.  \a 

VII.  As  the  providence  of  God  doth,  in  general,  reach  to 
all  creatures ;  fo,  after  a  mod  fpcxial  -manna',  it  taketh  care 
of  his  church,  and  diipofeth  all  things  to  the  good  thereof  «=. 


CHAP    VL     Of  the  Fall  of  Man,  of  Sin,  and  of  the 
Fumfiment  the?eof 

OU  R  firit  parents,  being  feduced  by  the  fubtilety  and 
temptation  of  Satan,  finned  in  eating  the  forbidden 
fruit ».     This  their  fin  God  was  pleafed,   according  to  his 

'    wife 


ftone  wVich  tlie  builders  difallow- 
ed^  the  fame  is  made  the  head  of 
the  corner,  V.  8.  And  a  ftone  of 
Humbling,  and  a  rock  of  offence, 
even  to  them  which  Humble  at 
the  word,  being  difobedient ; 
%vhereunto  aifo  they  were  ap- 
pointed. Ifa.  vi.  9.  And  he  faid, 
Go  and,.tell  this  people,  Hear  ye 
indeed,  but  underftand  not ;  and 
fee  ye  indeed,  but  perceive  not. 
V.  10.  Make  the  heart  of  this 
people  fat,  and  make  their  ears 
heavy,  and  flmt  tlieir  eyes  ;  left 
they  fee  with  their  eyes,  and  liear 
\\  ith  their  ears,  and  underftand 
w  ith  their  heart,  and  convert,  and 
be  healed.  With  A£ts  xxviii.  26. 
Saying,  Go  unto  this  people,  and 
{:\y.  Hearing  ye  fliall  hear,  and 
fliall  not  underftand ;  and  feeing 
ye  fhall  fee,  and  not  perceive. 
V.  27-  For  the  heart  of  this  people 
is  waxed  grofs,  and  their  ears  are 
dull  of  hearing,  and  their  eyes 
have  they  clofed  ;  left  they  fhould 
fee  with  their  eyes,  and  hear  with 
their  ears,  and  underftand  with 
their  heart,  and  Ihould  be  con- 
verted, and  I  fhould  heal  them. 

VII.  '  1  Tim.  iv.  10.  For  there- 
fore we  both  labour,  and  fuffer 
reproach,  becaufe  we  truft  in  the 
living  God,  who  is  the  Saviour  of 
all  men,  fpecially  of  thofe  that 
believe.  Amos  ix,  8.  behold;  the 


eyes  of  the  Lord  God  are  upon  the 
finful  kingdom,  and  I  will  deftroy 
it  from  off  the  face  of  the  earth  ; 
fuving  that  1  will  not  utterly  de- 
ftroy the  houfe  of  Jacob,  faith  the 
Lord.  V.  9.  P'or,  lo,  I  will  com- 
mand, and  I  will  fift  the  houfe  of 
Ifrael  among  all  nations,  like  as 
corn  is  fifted  in  a  fieve,  yet  fliall 
not  the  leaft  grain  fall  upon  the 
earth.  Rom.  viii.  28.  And  we 
know  that  all  things  work  toge- 
ther for  good  to  them  that  love 
God,  to  them  who  are  the  called 
according  to  his  purpofe.  Ifa. 
xliii.  3.  For  I  am  the  Lord  thy 
God,  the  holy  One  of  Ifrael,  thy 
Saviour:  I  gave  Egypt  for  thy 
ranfom,  Ethiopia  and  Seba  for 
thee.  V.  4-  Since  thou  waft  pre- 
cious in  my  fight  thou  haft  been 
honourable,  and  I  have  loved 
thee  ;  therefore  will  I  give  men 
for  thee,  and  people  for  thy  life. 
V.  5.  Fear  not;  for  I  am  with 
thee :  I  will  bring  thy  feed  from 
the  eaft,  and  gather  thee  from  the 
weft.  V.  14.  Thus  faith  the  Lord, 
your  Redeemer,  the  holy  One  of 
Ifrael,  For  your  fake  I  have  fent  to 
Babylon,  and  have  brought  down 
all  theirnoblcs,  andtheChrUdeans, 
whofe  cry  is  in  the  fhips. 

I.  'Gen.  iii.  13.  And  tiie  Lord 
God  faid  unto  the  woman.  What 
is  this  that  thou  hail  done  ?  And 

the 


Qiap.  Vr. 


^he  Cotifejfion  of  Faith. 


S3 

wife  and  holy  connfel,  to  permit,  having  purpofed  to  order  it 
to  his  (jwn  giory  ^\ 

■  n.  By  this  fm  they  fell  from  their  original  righteoiifnefs^ 
and  communion  with  God -,  and  fo  became  dead  in  fin  'J,  and 
\vhc)lly  deliled  in  all  the  faculties  and  parts  of  foul  and  body  =. 
III.  Tliey  being  the  rooi  of  all  mankind,  the  guilt  of  this 
fin  was  imputed*",  and  the  fame  death  in  fin  and  corrupted  na- 
ture 


the  woman  faid.  The  ferpent  be- 
guiled me,  and  I  did  eat.  2  Cor. 
xi.  3.  But  I  fear,  led  by  any 
means,  as  the  ferpent  beguiled 
Eve  tlirough  his  fubtilety,  fo  your 
minds  (liould  be  corrupted  from 
the  fimplicity  that  is  in  Chrift. 

^  Rom.  xi.  32.  For  God  hath 
conchided  them  all  in  unbelief, 
that  he  might  have  mercy  upon 
all.. 

II.  ^  Gen.  ill.  6.  And  when  the 
woman  law  that  the  tree  was 
good  for  food,  and  that  it  was 
pleafant  to  the  eyes,  and  a  tree  to 
be  dcfired  to  make  one  wife ;  (he 
took  of  the  fruit  thereof,  and  did 
ea-t ;  and  gave  alfo  unto  her  huf- 
band  with  her,  and  he  did  eat. 
V.  7.  And  the  eyes  of  them  both 
were  opened,  and  they  knew  that 
they  were  naked  :  and  they  fewed 
fig-leaves  together,  and  made 
themfelves  aprons.  V.  8.  And  they 
heard  the  voice  of  the  Lord  God 
walking  in  the  garden  in  the  cool 
of  the  day:  and  Adam  and  his  wife 
hid  thenifelves  from  tlie  prefence 
of  the  Lortl  God  amongil  the  trees 
of  the  garden.  Keel.  vii.  29.  Lo, 
thi?  o]ily  have  I  found,  that  God 
hath  made  man  upright;  but  they 
have  fought  out  many  inventions. 
Rom.  iii.  23.  For  all  have  finned, 
and  come  fliort  of  the  glory  of  God. 

'^  Gen.  ii.  17.  But  of  the  tree  of 
the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil 
thoa  (halt  not  eat  of  it :  for  in 
the  day  that  thou  eatelt  thereof 
thou  dial tfurely  die.    Eph.  ii.  i. 


And  you  hath  he  quickened,  who 
were  dead  in  trefpafles  and  lins. 

^  Tit.  i.  15.  Unro  the  pure  all 
things  are  pure  :  but  unto  them 
that  are  defiled  and  unbelieving 
is  nothing  pure,  but  even  their 
mind  and  confcience  is  deliled. 
Gen.  vi.  5.  And  God  faw  that 
the  wickednefs  of  man  was  great 
in  the  earth,  and  that  every  ima- 
gination of  the  thoughts  of  his 
heart  was  only  evil  continually. 
Jer.  xvii.  9.  The  heart  is  deceit- 
ful above  all  things,  and  defpe- 
rately  wicked,  who  can  know  it? 
Rom.  iii.  10.  As  it  is  written. 
There  is  none  righteous,  no,  not 
one  :  V.  f  I .  There  is  none  that 
underftandeth,  there*  is  none  that 
feeketh  after  God.  V,  12.  They 
are  all  gone  out  of  the  way,  they 
are  together  become  unprofitable ; 
there  is  none  that  doethgood,  no, 
not  one.  V.  13.  Their  throat 
is  an  open  fepulchre;  with  their 
tongues  they  have  ufed  deceit ; 
the  poifon  of  afps  is  under  their 
lips:  V.  14- Whofe  mouth  is  full 
of  curfmg  and  bltternefs :  V.  1 5. 
Their  feet  are  fwift  to  (hed blood  : 
V.  16.  Deftruftion  and  mifery 
are  in  their  ways:  V.  17.  And 
the  way  of  peace  have  they  not 
known  :  V.  18.  There  is  no  fear 
of  God  before  their  eyes. 

III.  *"  Gen.  i.  27.  So  O'od  crea- 
ted man  in  his  own  image,  in  the 
image  of  God  created  he  him : 
male  and  female  created  he  them. 
V.  28.  And  God  bleiied  them ; 
C  %  and 


54, 


The  Confejfion  of  Faith. 


Qiap.  Vr. 


tnre  conveyed  to  all  their  poflerity,  defcendingfrom  them  by 

ordinary  generation  ^■, 

IV.  From  this  original  coiTuption,  wliereby  Ave  are  utter- 
ly indifpofed,  difabled,  and  made  oppofite  to  all  good  h,  and 

wholly 


and  God  faid  unto  them.  Be  fruit- 
ful, and  multiply,  and  replenifh 
the  earth,  and  fubdue  it :  and 
have  dominion  over  the  fifh  of  the 
fea,  and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air, 
?jid  over  every  living  thing  that 
Rioveth  upon  the  earth.  AndGen. 
ii.  1 6.  And  the  Lord  God  com- 
manded the  man,  faying,  Of  every 
tree  of  the  garden  thou  mayeil 
freely  eat :  V.  1 7 .  But  or  the  tree 
of  the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil 
thou  fljalt  not  eat  of  it :  for  in  the 
day  that  thou  eateft  thereof  thou 
ihal  t  f  urely  die .  An  d  A  ft  3  xv  i  i .  2  6 . 
And  hath  made  of  one  blood  all 
rations  of  men,  for  to  dwell  on 
ail  the  fice  of  the  earth,  and  hath 
determined  the  times  before  ap- 
pointed, and  the  bounds  of  their 
habitation.  _With  Rom.  v.  12. 
Wherefore,  as  by  one  man  fm  en- 
tered into  the  world,  and  death 
by  fm  ;  and  fo  death  pailed  upon 
all  men,  for  that  all  have  finned. 
V.  15.  But  not  as  the  olfence,  fo 
alfo  is  the  free  gift.  For  if  through 
the  offence  of  one  many  be  dead ; 
much  more  the  grace  of  God,  and 
the  gift  by  grace,  which  is  by  one 
man,  Jefus  Ghrift,  hath  abounded 
unto  many.  V.  16.  And  not  as 
it  was  by  one  that  linned,  fo  is  the 
gift :  for  the  judgment  was  by  one 
to  condemnation;  but  the  free 
^ift  is  of  many  offences  unto  julVi- 
iication.  V.  17.  For  if  by  one 
man's  offence  death  reigned  by 
one ;  much  more  they  wliicli  re- 
ceive abundance  of  grace,  and  ©f 
the  gift  of  righteoufnefs,  ftiall 
reign  in  life  by  one,  Jefus  Chrilt. 
Y»  18.  Therefore,  as  by  the  of* 


fence  of  one  judgment  came  up- 
on all  m.en  to  condemnation ; 
even  fo,  by  the  righteoufnefs  of 
one  the  free  gift  came  upon  all 
men  unto  juftitication  of  life. 
V.  19.  For  as  by  one  man's  dif- 
obedience  many  were  made  fin- 
ners;  fo  by  the  obedience  of  one 
flrall  many  be  made  righteous. 
And  I  Cor.  xv.  21.  For  Imce  by. 
man  rame  death,  by  man  came 
a]ft>  the  refurreclion  of  tlie  dead. 
V.  22.  For  as  in  Adam  all  die, 
even  fo  in  Chrifl:  ftiall  all  be  made 
alive.  *  V.  45.  And  fo  it  is  writ- 
ten, The  firft  man  Adam  was  made 
a  living  foul,  the  lait  Adam  was 
made  a  quickening  fpirit.  *  V.  49. 
And  as  we  have  borne  the  image 
of  tlie  earthy,  we  (hall  alfo  bear 
the  image  of  the  heavenly. 

s  Pfal.  li.  5.  Behold,  I  was 
fliapen  in  iniquity;  and  in  lin  did 
my  mother  conceive  me.  Gen.  v.  3. 
And  Adam  lived  an  hundred  and 
thirty  years,  and  begat  a  fon  in 
his  own  likenefs,  after  his  image, 
and  called  his  name  Seth.  Job 
xiv.  4.  Who  can  bring  a  clean 
thuig  out  of  an  unclean  ?  not  one. 
Job  XV.  14.  What  is  man,  that  he 
fliould  be  clean  ?  and  he  which  is 
born  of  a  woman,  that  he  fliould 
be  righteous? 

IW.  ''Rom.v.  6.  For  when  we 
were  yet  without  ftrength,  in  due 
time  Chrirt  died  for  the  ungodly. 
Rom.  viii.  7.  Becaufe  the  carnal 
mind  is  enmity  againft  God  ;  for 
it  is  not  fubjcft  to  the  law  of  God, 
neither  indeed  can  be.  Rom.  vii. 
18.  For  I  Icnow  that  in  me  hat 
is,  in  my  llefh)  dwelleth  n         ^d  j 


Chap.  VI.  The  Confeffion  of  Faith.  S5 

wholly  inclijied  to  all  evil '',  do  proceed  all  adlual  tranfgref- 
fions  ^. 

V.  This  corruption  of  nature,  during  tliis  life,  doth  remain 
in  thole  tliat  are  regenerated  ^ :  and  although  it  be  through 
Ciirid  pardoned  and  mortified,  yet  both  itielf,  and  all  the 
motions  thereof,  ai*e  truly  and  properly  fm  ^.         yj  Y,\(tv7 


thing  :  for  to  will  is  prefent  with 
me;but  how  to  perform  that  which 
is  good  I  find  not.  Col.  1.2 1.  And 
you  that  were fome  time  alienated, 
andenemiesin  your  mindby  wicked 
works,  yet  now  hath  he  reconci  led . 

'  Gen.  vi.  5.  And  God  faw  that 
the  wickednefs  of  man  was  great 
in  the  earth,  and  that  every  ima- 
gination of  the  thoughts  of  his 
heart  was  only  evil  continually. 
Gen.  viii.  2 1 .  And  the  Lord  fmeli- 
ed  a  fweet  favour ;  and  the  Lord 
faid  in  his  heart,  I  will  not  again 
curfe  the  ground  any  more  for 
man's  fake  ;  for  the  imagination 
of  man's  heart  is  evil  from  his 
youth  :  neither  will  I  again  fmite 
any  more  every  thing  living,  as 
I  have  done.  Rom.  iii.  10.  As  it 
is  written,  There  is  none  r'^gh- 
teous,  no,  not  one :  V.  n .  There 
is  none  that  uiidenlandeth,  there 
is  none  that  feekech  after  God. 
V.  1 2  .  They  are  all  gone  out  of 
the  way,  they  are  together  become 
unprofitable ;  there  is  none  that 
doeth  good,  no,  not  one. 

^  James  i.  14.  But  every  man  is 
tempted,  when  he  is  drawn  away 
of  his  own  luft,  and  enticed .  V .  1 5 . 
Then  whenluft  hath  conceived,  it 
bringeth  forth  fm  ;  and  fm,  when 
it  is  finiilied,  bringeth  forth  death. 
Eph.  ii.  2.  Wherein  in  time  paft 
ye  walked  according  to  the  courfe 
of  this  workU  according  to  the 
prince  of  tiie  power  of  the  air,  the 
fpirit  that  now  v.orketh  in  the 
children  of  difobedience.  V.  3. 
Among  whom  al(b  we  all  had  our 


converfation  in  times  paft,  in  the 
lulls  of  om-fiefli,  fulfilling  the  de- 
fires  of  the  flefh  and  of  the  mind  ; 
and  were  by  nature  the  children 
of  wrath,  even  as  otliers.  Mat* 
XV.  19.  For  out  of  the  heart  pro- 
ceed evil  thoughts,  murders,  adul- 
teries, fornications,  thefts,  falfe 
witnefs,  blafphemies. 

V.  ^  I  John  i.  8.  If  we  fay  that 
we  have  no  fin,  we  deceive  onr- 
feives,  and  the  truth  is  not  in  us. 
V.  10.  If  we  fay  that  we  have  noc 
liimed,  we  make  him  a  liar,  and 
his.wordisnotinus.  Rom.vii.  14. 
For  we  know  that  the  law  is  fpi- 
ritual :  but  I  am  carnal,  fold  un- 
der fm.  V.  17.  Now  then,  it  is  . 
no  more  I  that  do  it,  but  fin  that- 
dwelleth  in  me.  V.  18.  For  I 
know  that  in  me  (that  is,  in  my 
flefli)  dwelleth  no  good  thing  :  for 
to  will  is  prefent  with  me ;  but 
how  to  perform  that  which  is  good 
I  find  not.  V.  23.  But  I  fee  ano- 
ther law  in  my  members  warring 
againil  the  law  of  my  mind,  and 
bringing  me  into  captivity  to  the 
law  of  fin  which  is  in  my  mem- 
bers. James  iii.  2.  For  in  many 
things  we  offend  alL  If  any  man 
offend  not  in  word,  the  fame  is  a 
perfecF  man,  and  able  aifo  to 
bridle  the  whole  body.  Prov. 
XX.  9.  Who  can  fay,  I  have  made 
my  heart  clean,  I  am  pure  from 
my  fin  ?  Eccl.  vii.  20.  For  there  is 
not  a  jufl  man  upon  earth,  that- 
docth  good,  and  finneth  not. 

"•  Rom.  vii.  5.  For  when  we 

were  in  the  fiefh,  the  motions  of 

C  4  fms, 


56 


7he  Confeffion  of  Faith. 


Chap.  Vr. 

VI.  Eveiy  fin,  both  original  and  ad:ual,  being  a  tranigref^ 
fion  of  the  righteous  law  of  God,  and  contrary  thereunto  «, 
doth,  in  its  own  nature,  bring  guilt  upon  the  fmner  <>,  wiiere- 
by  he  is  bound  over  to  the  wrath  of  God  i',  and  curfe  of  the 


law  <3,  and  fo  made  fubjed  to  death 
ritual  %  temporal  %  and  eternal  \ 


with  all  niiferies  fpi- 
CHAP. 


fins,  which  were  by  the  law,  did 
work  in  our  members  to  bring 
forth  fruit  unto  death.  V.  7.  What 
fhall  we  fay  then  ?  Is  the  law  fin  ? 
God  forbid.  Nay,  I  had  not  known 
lin  but  by  the  law ;  for  I  had  not 
known  luft,  except  the  law  had 
faid,  Thou  (halt  not  covet.  V.  8. 
But  fin,  taking  occafion  by  the 
commandment,  wrought  in  me 
all  manner  of  concupifcence.  For 
•without  the  law  fin  was  dead. 
V.  25.  I  thank  God,  through  Jefus 
Chrift  our  Lord.  So  then,  with 
the  mind  I  myfelf  ferve  the  law 
of  God  3  but  with  thefiefli  the  law 
of  fin.  Gal.  V.  17.  For  the  fle(h 
lufteth  againit  the  fpirit,  and  the 
fpirit  againil  the  flefh  :  and  thefe 
are  contrary  the  one  to  the  other ; 
fo  that  ye  cannot  do  the  things 
that  ye  would. 

VI.  '^  I  John  iii.  4.  Whofoever 
committeth  fin  tranfgrefieth  alfo 
the  law  :  for  fin  is  the  tranfgref- 
fion  of  the  law. 

"  Rom.  ii.  15.  Which  fhew  the 
work  of  the  law  written  in  their 
hearts,  their  confcieiice  alfo  bear- 
ing witnefs,  and  their  thoughts  the 
itiean  while  accufing  or  elfe  ex- 
cufing  one  another.  Rom.  iii.  9. 
What  then?  are  we  better  than 
they  ?  No,  in  no  wife  :  for  we 
have  before  proved  both  Jews 
and  Gentiles,  that  they  are  all 
under  Cm.  V.  19.  Now  we 
know  that  what  things  foever  the 
law  faith,  it  faith  to  thtm  who 
are  under  the  law:  that  every 
mouth  may  be  flopped,  and  all 


the  world  may  become  guilty  be- 
fore God. 

P  Eph.  ii.  3.  Among  whom  alfo 
we  all  had  our  converfation  in 
times  paft,  in  the  hilb  of  our  flelh, 
fulfilling  the  defires  of  the  flefh 
and  of  the  mind;  and  were  by 
nature  the  cliildren'  of  wrath, 
even  as  others. 

*^  Gal.  iii.  10.  For  as  many  as 
are  of  the  works  of  the  law  are 
under  the  curfe  :  for  it  is  written, 
Curfed  is-  every  one  that  conti- 
nueth  not  in  all  things  which  are 
written  in  the  book  of  the  law  to 
do  them.. 

"^  Rom.  vi.  23.  For  the  wages  of 
fin  is  death  :  but  the  gift  of  CJod 
is  eternal  life,  througli  JtlusChrilt 
our  Lord. 

'  Tph.  iv.hS.  Having  the  under- 
fl-anding  darkened,  being  alienated 
from  the  life  of  God  through  tiie 
ignorance  that  is  in  them,  becaufe 
of  the  blindnefs  of  their  heart. 

'  Rom.  viii.  20.  For  the  crea- 
ture was  made  fubjeft  to  vanity, 
not  willingly,  but  by  reafon  of 
him  who  hath  fubje^ed  the  fame 
in  hope.  Lam.  iii.  39. Wherefore 
doth  a  living  man  complain,  a 
man  for  the  punidiment  of  his  f  ins  ? 

"  Matth.  XXV.  41-  Then  fliall 
he  fay  uifo  unto  them  on  the  left 
hand.  Depart  from  me,  ye  ciirfed, 
into  everlalFnig  lire,  prepared  fur 
the  devil  and  his  angels.  2  I'hell'. 
i.  9.  Who  thall  be  piininit'd  witli 
everlalliiig  deflruttion,  froi-  die 
prefence  of  the  Lord,  and  from 
the  glory  of  his  power. 

I.  Mfu. 


Chap.  vir. 


The  Confejjion  of  Faith, 


57 


CHAP.  VII.    Of  God's  Covenant  vAth  Man. 

TH  E  (liilaiice  between  God  and  tlie  creature  is  fo  great, 
that  although  realbnable  creatures  do  owe  obedience 
unto  him  as  their  Creator,  yet  they  could  never  have  any 
fruition  of  him,  as  theii'  bleilednefs  and  reward,  but  by  fome 
voluntary  condefcenfion  on  God's  part,  which  he  hath  been 
pleafed  to  exprefs  by  way  of  covenant  =». 

11.  The  firil  covenant  made  with  man  was  a  covenant  of 
wherein  life  was  promifed  to  Adam,  and  in  him 

to 

his  prefence  with  finging.  V.  ^, 
Know  ye  that  the  Lord  he  is  God ; 
it  is  he  that  hath  made  us,  and. 
not  we  oiirfelves ;  we  are  his 
people,  anci  the  flieep  of  his  pa- 
iture.  Job  xxii.  2.  Can  a  man  be 
profitable  unto  God,  as  he  that  is 
wife  may  be  profitable  unto  him- 
felf  ?  V.  3.  Is  it  any  pleafure 
to  the  Almighty  that  thou  arc 
righteous?'  or  is  it  gain  to  hini 
that  thou  makeit  thy  ways  per- 
fect ?  Job  XXXV.  7.  If  thou  be 
rigiiteous,  what  giveft  thou  him? 
or  what  recciveth  he  of  thine 
hand  ?  V .  8 .  Thy  wickednefs  may 
hurt  a  man  as  thou  art,  and  thy 
righteoulnefs  may  profit  the  fon  of 
man.  Luke  xvii.  10.  So  likewife 
ye,  when  ye  Ihall  have  done  all 
thofe  things  which  are  command- 
ed you,  fay,  We  are  unprofitable 
fervants:  we  have  done  that  which 
was  our  duty  to  do.  Acts  xvii.  24- 
God  that  made  the  world,  and  all 
things  therein,  feeing  that  he  is 
Lord  of  heaven  and  earth,  dwell- 
eth  not  in  temples  made  with 
hands  :  V.  25.  Neither  is  woriliip* 
ped  with  men's  hands,  as  though 
he  needed  any  thing,  feeing  he 
giveth  to  all  life,  and  breath,  and 
all  things. 

II.  ^  Gal.  iii.  12.  And  the  law 

is  not  of  faith  :   but,   The  man 

thatdoeth  them  fliall  live  in  them. 

C  5  ^  Horn, 


works 


I.  Mfa.  xl.  13.  Who  hath  di- 
rected the  Spirit  of  the  Lord,  or, 
being  his  counfellor,  hath  taught 
him  r  V .  1 4.  With  whom  took  he 
counfel,  and  who  inltrufted  him, 
and  taught  him  in  the  path  of 
judgment,  and  taught  him  know- 
ledge, and  fliewed  to  him  the  way 
of  underrtanding?  V.  15.  Behold, 
the  nations  are  as  a  drop  of  a 
bucket,  and  are  counted  as  the 
fmall  dull:  of  the  balance:  be- 
hold, he  taketh  up  the  ifles  as  a 
very  little  thing.  V.  16.  And  Le- 
banon is  not  fufficient  to  burn,  nor 
the  beafts  thereof  fufficient  for  a 
burnt-otfering.  V.  1 7 .  All  nations 
before  him  are  as  nothing;  and 
they  are  counted  to  him  lefs  than 
nothing  and  vanity.  Job  ix.  32. 
For  he  is  not  a  man  as  I  am  that 
I  Ihould  anfwer  him,  and  we  (liould 
come  together  in  judgment.  V.33. 
Neither  is  there  any  days-man  be- 
twixt us,  that  might  lay  his  hand 
upon  us  both,  i  Sam.  ii.  25.  If 
one  man  fin  againll  another,  the 
jucige  (hall  judge  him:  but  if  a 
man  fin  againil  the  Lord,  who 
lliall  entreat  for  him?  Pfiil.cxiii.  5. 
W'iio  \j  like  unto  the  Lord  our 
God,  v.'hodwellethon  high,  V.  6. 
W^ho  humbleth  hiinfclf  to  beliold 
the  tilings  that  are  in  heaven,  and 
in  the  earth  !  Pfal.  c.  2.  Serve  the 
Lord  with  gladnefs :  come  before 


58 


I'he  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Chap.  VII. 

upon  condition  of  perfed  and  perfonal 


to  his  pofterity 
obedience  ''. 

III.  Man  by  his  fall  having  made  hiinfelf  incapable  of  life  by 
that  covenant,  the  Lord  was  pleaied  ro  make  a  fecond  %  com- 
monly called  The  Covenant  of  Grace:  wherein  he  freely  offereth 
unto  fmners  life  and  falvation  by  Jefns  Chrift,  requiring  of 
them  faith  in  him,  tliat  they  may  be  favcd  f ;  and  promifmg 
to  give  unto  all  thofe  that  are  ordained  unto  life  his  Holy 
Spirit,  to  make  them  willing  and  able  to  believe  2. 

IV.  This 

^  Rom.  X.  5.  For  Mofes  defcri- 
beth  the  'righteoiifnefs  which  is  of 
the  law,thatthe  man  which  doeth 
thofe  things  fhall  live  by  them. 
Rom.  V.  12.  to  20.  [^See  Chap.  vi. 
£eft.  3.  letter  i'.^ 

'^  Gen.  ii.  17.  But  of  the  tree  of 
the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil 
thou  flialtnoteat  of  it:  for  in  the 
clay  that  thou  eateft  thereof  thou 
flialt  furely  die.  Gal.  iii.  ro.  For 
as  many  as  are  of  the  works  of 
the  law  are  under  the  curfe :  for 
It  is  written,  Curfed  is  every  one 
that  continueth  not  in  all  things 
which  are  written  in  the  book  of 
the  law  to  do  them. 

III.  *  Gal.  iii.  21.  Is  the  law 
then  againft  the  promlfes  of  God  ? 
God  forbid  :  for  if  there  had  been 
a  law  given  which  could  have 
given  life,  verily,  righteoufnefs 
fhould  have  been  by  the  law.  Rom. 
r'm.   3.   For  what  the  law  could 


not  do,  in  that  it  was  weak  through 
the  fiefh,  God  fending  his  own  Son 
in  the  likenefs  of  finful  fiefh,  and 
for  fin  condemned  fin  in  the  fiefh. 
Kom.  iii.  20.  Therefore  by  the 
deeds  of  tlie  law  there  fliall  no 
fiefh  be  juitified  in  his  fight :  for 
by  the  law  is  the  knowledge  of 
(in.  V.  2T.  But  now  the  righte- 
oufnefs of  God  without  the  law 
is  manifefted,  being  witnefTed  by 
the  law  and  the  prophets.  Gen. 
iii.  15.  And  I  will  put  enmity  be- 


tween thee  and  the  woman,  and 
between  thy  feed  and  her  feed  : 
it  fliall  bruife  thy  head,  and  thou 
(halt  bruife  his  heel.  Ifa.  xlii.  6. 
I  the  Lord  have  called  thee  in 
righteoufnefs,  and  will  hold  thine 
hand,  and  will  keep  thee,  and 
give  thee  for  a  covenant  of  the 
people,  for  a  light  of  the  Gentiles. 

f  Mark  xvi.  1 5 .  And  he  faid  un- 
to thern,  Go  ye  into  all  the  world, 
and  preach  the  gofpel  to  every 
creature.  V.  16.  He  that  belie- 
veth,  and  is  baptized,  fliall  be 
faved  ;  but  he  that  belicveth  not, 
fliall  be  damned.  John  iii,  16. 
For  God  fo  loved  the  world,  that 
he  gave  his  only  begotten  Son, 
that  whofoever  believeth  in  him 
fhould  not  perifli,  but  have  ever- 
lafting  life.  Rom.  x.  6.  But  the 
righteoufnefs  which  is  of  faith 
fpeaketh  on  this  wife.  Say  not  in 
thine  heart.  Who  fhall  afcend  into 
heaven  ?  (that  is,  to  bring  Chrifl 
down  from  above  :)  V.  9.  lliat 
if  thou  fhalt  confefs  with  thy 
month  the  Lord  Jefus,  and  fiiait 
believe  in  thine  heart  that  God 
hath  raifed  him  from  the  dead, 
thou  fhalt  be  faved.  Gal.  iii.  11. 
But  that  no  man  is  juftified  by  the 
law  in  the  fight  of  Cjod,  it  is  evi- 
dent: for,  The  juft  fliall  live  by 
tVith. 

"  Ezek.  xxxvi.  26.  A  new  heart 

alfo  will  I  give  you,  and  a  new 

fpiri: 


Ppiap.  VII.  The  Confcjjion  of  Faith:  59 

IV.  Tliis  covenant  of  grace  is  frequently  fct  forth  in  the 
fcripmve  by  the  name  of  a  Teflament,  in  reference  to  the 
death  of  jefus  Chrift  tJie  teftator,  and  to  tiie  everlafting 
inheritance,  with  all  things  belonging  to  it,  therein  be- 
queathed ^. 

V.  This  covenant  was  differently  admijiiilered  in  tlie  time 
of  the  law,  and  in  the  time  of  the  gofpel  ^ :  under  the  law 
it  was  adminillered  by  promiles,  prophecies,  fachiices,  cir- 
cumcifion,  the  palchal  iamb,  and  other  types  and  ordinances 
delivered  to  the  people  of  the  Jews,  all  fore-fignifying  Chrif^ 
to  come  -,  which  were  for  that  time  fufficient  and  enicacious, 

ir.rough 


fpirJt  will  I  put  within  you;  and 
i  will  tiike  away  the  ftony  heart 
out  of  your  flefn,  and  I  will  give 
you  an  heart  of  tlefli.  V.  27.  And 
I  will  put  my  Spirit  within  you, 
and  caufe  you  to  walk  in  my  fta- 
tutes,  and  ye  ihall  keep  my  judg- 
ments, and  do  them.  Johnvi.  44. 
No  man  can  come  10  me,  except 
the  Father  which  hath  fent  me 
draw  him  :  and  I  will  raife  him 
up  at  the  laft  day.  V.  45-  It  is 
written  in  the  prophets.  And  they 
{hall  be  ail  taught  of  God.  Every 
man,  therefore,  that  hath  heard 
and  hath  learned  of  the  Father, 
Cometh  unto  me. 

IV.  5'  Heb.  ix.  15.  And  for  this 
caufe  he  is  the  Mediator  of  the 
new  leilament,  that  by  means  of 
death,  for  the  redemption  of  the 
tranfgreiiions  that  were  under  the 
firft  teftament,  they  which  are 
called  might  receive  the  promife 
of  eternal  inheritance.  \'.  16.  For 
where  a  teftament  is,  there  muft 
alfo  of  neceliity  be  the  death  of 
the  tellator.  V.  1 7.  For  a  tefta- 
ment is  of  force  after  men  are 
dead :  other  wife  it  is  of  no  ftrength 
at  all  whilll  the  teftator  liveth. 
Heb.  vii.  22.  By  fo  much  was 
Jefus  made  a  furety  of  a  better 
teftament.   Luke  xxii.  20.  Like- 


wife  alfo  the  cup  after  fupper, 
faying.  This  cup  is  the  new  tefta- 
ment in  my  bloodj  which  is  flied 
for  you.  I  Cor.  xi.  25.  After  the 
fame  manner  aifo  he  took  tlie  cup, 
when  he  had  Tupped,  faying.  This 
cup  is  the  new  teftament  ni  my 
blood  :  this  do  ye,  as  oft  as  ye 
drink  it,  in  remembrance  of  me. 

V.  ^  2  Cor.  iii.  6.  Who  alfo  hath 
made  us  able  minifters  of  the  new 
teftament ;  not  of  the  letter,  bur. 
of  the  Spirit :  for  the  letter  ki'l- 
eth,  but  the  Spirit  giveth  life. 
V.  7.  But  if  the  miniftration  of 
death,  written  and  engraven  in 
ftones,  was  glorious,  fo  that  tl'.e 
children  of  Ifraei  could  not  fted- 
faftly  behold  the  face  of  Mofcs 
for  the  glory  of  his  countenance, 
Avhich  glory  was  to  be  done  away; 
V.  8.  How  fliall  not  the  m/miftra- 
tion  of  the  Spirit  be  rather  glori- 
ous? V.  9.  For  if  the  miniftration 
of  condemnation  be  glory,  much 
more  doth  the  miniftration  of 
righteoufnefs  exceed  in  glory. 

^  (Heb.  Chapters  viii,  ix,  jc. ) 
Rom.  iv.  II.  A'nd  he  received  the 
fign  of  circumcifion,  a  feal  of  the 
righteoufnefs  of  tiie  faith  which 
he  had  yet  being  uncircumcifed  ; 
that  he  migiit  be  tiie  father  of  all 
them  that  believe,  though  they 
C  6  be 


6o 


7 he  Confiffion  of  Fd'tth. 


Chap.  vir. 


through  the  operation  of  the  Spirit,  to  inftru(5l  and  buikl  up 
the  eledl  in  faith  in  the  promiied  MeHTiah  »,  by  whom  they 
had  full  remifiion  of  fins,  and  eternal  iah-ation  ;  and  is  called 
The  Old  Tcltament '". 

VI.  Under  the  goipel,  when  Chrid  the  fubftance  =  was 
exhibited,  the  ordinances  in  which  this  covenant  is  difpenled 
are  the  preaching  of  the  word,  and  the  adininiftration  of  the 
facraments  of  Baptifm  and  the  Lord's  Supper  %•  wliich,  though 

,  "  fewer 


be  not  circumcifed  ;  that  righte- 
oufiiefs  might  be  imputed  unto 
themalfo.  Col.  ii.  ii.  In  whom 
alfo  ye  are  circumcifed  with  the 
circumcilion  made  without  hands, 
in  putting  off  the  body  of  the  lins 
of  the  fledi  by  the  circumcifion 
of  Chrift :  V.  1 2.  Buried  with  him 
in  baptifm,  wherein  alfo  ye  are 
rifen  with  him  through  the  faith 
of  the  operation  of  God,  who  hath 
raifed  him  from  the  dead,  i  Cor. 
V.  7.  Purge  out,  therefore,  the 
old  leaven,  that  ye  may  be  a  new 
lump,  as  ye  are  unleavened.  For 
even  Ghrift  our  pullover  is  facri- 
ficed  for  us. 

'  I  Cor.  X.  I.  Moreover,  bre- 
thren, I  would  not  that  ye  lliould 
be  ignorant,  how  that  all  our 
fathers  were  under  the  cloud,  and 
all  palled  through  the  fea  ;  V.  2. 
And  were  all  baptized  unto  Mo- 
fes  in  the  cloud,  and  hi  the  fea  ; 
V.  3.  And  did  all  eat  the  fame 
ipiritual  meat ;  V.  4.  And  did  all 
drink  the  fame  fpiritual  drink  : 
for  they  drank  of  that  fpiri- 
tual Rock  that  followed  them: 
2nd  that  Rock  was  Chrift.  Heb. 
xi.  13.  Thefe  all  died  in  faith, 
not  having  received  the  promifes, 
but  having  feen  them  afar  off,  and 
were  perfuaded  of  them,  and  em- 
braced them,  and  confelfed  that 
they  were  Grangers  and  pilgrims 
on  the  earth.  Johnviii.  56.  Your 
father  Abraham  rejoiced  to  fee 


my  day  :  and  he  faw  it,  and  was 
glad. 

'"  Gal.  iii.  7.  Know  ye,  there- 
fore, that  they  which  are  of  faith, 
the  fame  are  the  children  of  Ab- 
raham. V.  8.  And  the  fcriptnre 
forefeeing  that  God  would  judi- 
fy  the  Heathen  through  faith, 
preached  before  the  gofpel  unto 
Abraham,  Hiying,  In  thee  Ihalt 
all  nations  be  blefled.  V.  9.  So 
then,  they  v^^hich  be  of  faith  are 
blelled  with  faithful  Abraham. 
V.  14.  That  the  blefling  of  Abra- 
ham might  come  on  the  Gentiles 
through  Jefus  Chrill ;  that  we 
might  receive  the  proniife  of  the 
Spirit  througi!  faith. 

VI.  "  Col.  ii.  [7.  Which  are  a 
fliadow  of  things  to  come ;  but 
the  body  is  of  Chrift. 

"  Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Goye,  there- 
fore, and  teach  all  nations,  bap- 
tizing them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of 
the  Holy  Gholl:  V.  20.  Teach- 
ing them  to  pbferve  all  things 
whatfoever  1  have  commanded 
you  :  and,  lo,  I  am  with  you  al- 
way,  even  unto  the  end  of  the 
world.  Amen,  i  Cor.  xi.23.  For 
I  have  received  of  the  Lord  that 
which  alfo  I  delivered  unto  you, 
That  the  Lord  Jefus,  the  lame 
night  in  which  he  was  betrayed, 
took  bread  :  V.  24-  And,  when  he 
had  given  thanks,  he  brake  it, 
and  fuid,  Take,  eat  5  this  is  my 
body, 


Cliap.  VII.  i:he  Cmfejjion  of  Faith.  6i 

fewer  in  number,  and  adniiniilerctl  with  more  funplicity  and 
kis  outwai'd  glory,  yet  in  tliem  it  is  held  forth  in  more  ful- 
nefs,  evidence,  and  fpiritual  efficacy  p,  to  all  nations,  both 
Jews  and  Gentiles  i ;  and  is  called  The  New  Teftament  >'. 
There  are  not,  therefore,  two  covenants  of  grace  differing  in 
fubflance,  but  one  and  the  fame  under  various  difpenfations  '. 

CHAP. 


body,  which  is  broken  for  you : 
this  do  in  remembrance  of  me. 
V.  25.  After  the  famem.anner  aifo 
he  took  the  cup,  when  he  had 
flipped,  faying.  This  cup  is  the 
new  teftanient  in  my  blood  :  this 
do  j'e,  as  oft  as  ye  drink  it,  in 
remembrance  of  me. 

P  Heb.  xii.  22.  But  ye  are  come 
unto  mount  Sion,  and  unto  the 
city  of  the  living  God,  the  hea- 
venly Jerufalem,  and  to  an  in- 
numerable company  of  angels, 
V.  23.  To  the  general  afi'embly 
and  church  of  the  firii  -  born, 
wliich  are  written  in  heaven,  and 
to  God  the  Judge  of  all,  and  to 
the  rpirit>^  of  juit  men  made  per- 
feet,  V.  24-  And  to  Jcfus  the 
Mediator  of  the  new  covenant, 
and  to  the  blood  of  Tprinkling, 
that  fpeaketh  better  things  than 
that  of  Abel.  V.  25.  See  that  ye 
refufe  not  him  that  I'peaketh  :  for 
if  they  efcaped  not  who  refnfed 
him  that  fp;-ike  on  earth,  much 
more  (hall  not  we  efcape,  if  we 
turn  away  frOm  him  that  fpeak- 
eth from  heaven  :  V.  26.  Whofe 
voice  then  Ihook  the  earth  :  but 
now  he  hath  promifed,  faying, 
Yet  once  more  I  fhake  not  the 
earth  only,  but  alfo  heaven.  V.  27. 
And  this  word.  Yet  once  more, 
lignifieth  the  removing  of  thofe 
thingsthat  areftiakcn,  as  of  things 
that  are  made,  that  thofe  things 
which  cannot  be  fliaken  may  re- 
main. Jer.  xxxi.  33.  but  thisfliall 
be  the  covenant  that  I  will  make 


with  the  houfe  of  Ifrael ;  After 
thofe  days,  fliith  the  Lord,  1  will 
put  my  law  in  their  inward  parts, 
and  write  it  in  their  hearts ;  and 
will  be  their  God,  and  they  ftiali 
be  my  people.  V.  34.  And  they 
fliall  teach  no  more  every  man 
his  neighbour,  and  every  man  his 
brother,  faying,  Know  the  Lord  : 
for  they  thai  I  all  know  me,  from 
the  leall  of  them  unto  the  greatelt 
of  them,  faith  the  Lord  :  for  I 
will  forgive  their  iniquity,  and  I 
v/ill  remember  their  fni  no  more. 
**  iMat.  xxviii.  19.  [AV<?  httt^r  "" 
i7nmedintely  fcreg()ir>g.~\  Eph.  ii. 
15.  Having  aboliflied  in  his  flelh 
the  enmity,  even  the  law  of  com- 
mandments, contained  in  ordi- 
nances, for  to  make  in  him.felf  of 
twain  one  new  man,  fo  making 
peace:  V.  16. Andtliathemightre- 
concileboth  unto  God  in  one  body 
by  the  crofs,  having  flain  the  en- 
mity thereby  :  V.  17.  And  came 
and  preached  peace  to  you  which 
were  afar  (M\  and  to  them  th^t 
were  nigh.  V.  18.  For  through 
him  we  both  have  an  accefs  by 
one  Spirit  unto  the  Father.  V.  19. 
Now,  therefore,  ye  are  no  more 
Ih-angers  and  foreigners,  but  fel- 
low-citizens with  the  faints,  |uid 
of  the  houfehold  of  God. 

""  Luke  xxii.  20.  Likewife  alfo 
the  cup  after  fupper,  faying,  This 
cup  is  the  new  teltament  in  my 
blood,  which  is  Ihed  for  you. 

'  Gal.  iii.  14.  That  the  blefling 

of  Abraham  might  come  on  the 

Gentiles 


Ci 


The  Confeffion  of  Faith. 


Chap.  viir. 


CHAP.   MIL   Of  Chrift  tJye  Mediator. 


IT  pleafed  God,  in  his  eternal  purpofe,  to  choofe  and  or- 
dain the  Lord  Jellis,  his  only  begotten  Son,  to  be  the 
Mediator  between  God  and  man  ^ ;  tlie  Prophet  ^  Priell  % 

and 


Gentiles  through  Jefus  Chrift  ; 
that  we  might  receive  the  pro- 
mife  of  the  Spirit  through  faith. 
V.  16.  Now  to  Abraham  and  his 
feed  were  the  promifes  made.  He 
faith  not,  And  to  feeds,  as  of 
many  ;  but  as  of  one,  And  to  thy 
feed,  which  is  Chrift.  Acts  xv.  i  [ . 
But  we  believe  that  through  the 
grace  of  the  Lord  Jefus  Chrift 
we  fnall  be  faved  even  as  they. 
Rom.  iii.  21.  But  now  the  righ-» 
teoufnefs  of  God  without  the  law 
is  manifefted,  being  witnelfed  by 
the  law  and  the  prophets  :  V.  22. 
Even  the  righteoufnefs  of  God, 
which  is  by  faith  of  Jefus  Chrift, 
unto  all  and  upon  all  them  that 
believe :  for  there  is  no  differ- 
ence :  V.  23.  For  all  have  finned, 
and  come  fliort  of  the  glory  of 
God.  V.  30.  Seeing  it  is  one  God 
which  (hall  juftify  the  circumci- 
fion  by  faith,  and  uncircumcifion 
through  faith.  Pfal.  xxxii.  r. 
BlelTed  is  he  whofe  tranfgreflion  is 
forgiven,  whofe  iin  Is  covered. 
With  Kom.  iv.  3.  For  v>'hat  faith 
the  fcripture?  Abraham  believed 
God,  and  it  was  counted  unto 
him  for  righteoufnefs.  V.  6.  Even 
as  David  alfo  defcribeth  the  blcfs- 
eduefsof  the  man  unto  whom  God 
imputeth  righteoufnefs  witliout 
works.  V.  16.  Therefore  it  is  of 
faitii,  that  it  might  be  by  grace  -y 
to  the  end  the  pronfife  nfight  be 
fure  to  all  the  feed  ;  not  to  that 
only  which  is  of  the  law,  but  to 
that  alfo  which  is  of  the  faith  of 
Abraham;  who  is  the  father  of  us 
ailj    V.  17.  (As  it  iii  written,  i 


have  made  thee  a  father  of  many 
nations, )  before  him  whom  he 
believed,  even  God,  who  quick- 
enetii  the  dead,  and  calleth  thofe 
things  which  be  not  as  though 
they  were.  V.23.  Nov.',  it  was  not 
written  for  his  fake  alone  that  it 
was  imputed  to  him  •■,  V.  24.  But 
for  us  alfo,  to  whom  it  fliall  be 
imputed,  if  we  believe  on  him 
that  raifed  up  Jefus  our  Lord  from 
thedead.  Heb.  xiii.  8.  Jefus  Chrift 
the  fame  yefterday,  and  to-day, 
and  for  ever. 

I.  ^  Ifa.  xlii.  r.  Behold  my  fer- 
vant  whom  I  uphold,  mine  ele£t 
in  whom  my  foul  delightetli:  I 
have  put  my  Spirit  upon  him,  he 
fliall  bring  forth  judgment  to  the 
Gentiles,  i  Pet.  i.  19.  But  with 
the  precious  blood  of  Chrift,  as 
of  a  lamb  without  blemifli  and 
without  fpot :  V .  20.  Who  verily 
was  foreordained  before  the  foun- 
dation of  the  world,  but  was  ma- 
nifeft  in  thefe  laft  times  for  you. 
John  iii.  16.  For  God  fo  loved  the 
world,  that  he  gave  his  only  be- 
gotten Son,  that  whofoever  be- 
lieveth  in  him  fliould  not  perifii, 
but  have  everlafting  life,  i  Tim. 
ii.  5.  For  there  is  one  God,  and 
one  Mediator  between  God  and 
men,  the  man  Chrift  Jefus. 

^  Acts  iii.  22.  For  I\Iofes  truly 
faid  unto  the  fathers,  A  prophet 
fliall  the  Lord  yourC-od  r^iife  up  un- 
to you,  of  your  brethren,  like  unto 
me;  him  fliall  ye  hear  in  all  things 
whatfoever  he  Avail  fay  unto  you. 

^  Heb.  V.  5.  So  alfo,  Chrift  glo* 

rified  not  liimfelf  to  be  ma£le  an 

high 


Chap.  Vlir.  Jhe  Confeffion  of  Faith.  6^ 

and  King  ^ ;  llie  Head  and  Saviour  of  his  Cliurch  * ;  the 
Heir  of  all  things  <",  and  Judge  of  the  world  e:  unto  whonx 
he  did  from  all  eternity  give  a  people  to  be  his  feed  ^,  and 
to  be  by  him  in  time  redeemed,  called,  juililied,  fandiHed, 
and  glorified '. 

II.  The  Son  of  God,  the  fecond  perfon  in  the  Trinity, 
being  very  and  eternal  God,  of  one  fubfbance,  and  equal  with 
the  Father,  did,  when  the  fulnel'^  of  time  was  come,  take 
upon  him  man's  nature  ^=,  with  all  the  eflential  properties  and 

common 

high  prleft;  but  he  that  faid  unto 
liini,  Thou  art  my  Son,  to-day 
have  I  begotten  thee.  V.  6.  As 
he  faith  alfo  in  another  place, 
Thou  art  a  pried  for  ever,  after 
the  order  of  Mekhifedec. 

«*  Pfal.  ii.  6.  Yet  have  I  fet  my 
King  upon  my  holy  hill  of  Zion. 
Luke  i.  :^3.  And  he fliall  reign  over 
the  houfe  of  Jacob  for  ever,  and 
of  his  kingdom  there  fliall  be  no 
end. 

*  Eph.  V.  23.  For  the  hufband 
is  the  liead  of  the  wife,  even  as 
Chrift  is  the  head  of  the  church  : 
and  he  is  the  faviour  of  the  body. 

*'  Heb.  i.  2.  Hatli  in  thefe  laft 
days  fj)oken  unto  us  by  his  Son, 
whom  he  hath  appointed  heir  of 
all  things,  by  whom  alfo  he  made 
the  worlds. 

^  A£ts  xvii.  31 .  Becaufe  he  hath 
appointed  a  day  in  tlie  which  he 
will  judge  the  world  in  righteouf- 
nefs,  by  that  man  whom  he  hath 
ordained  ;  \^  hereof  he  haiJi^iven 
afUirance  unto  all  men,  in  that  he 
hath  raifed  himfroni  the  dead. 

''  John  xvii.  6.  I  have  manifeft- 
cd  thy  name  unto  the  men  which 
thou  gaveft  me  out  of  the  world  : 
thine  they  were,  and  thou  gaveft 
them  me  ;  and  they  have  kept  thy 
word.  Pfal .  xxii.  30.  A  feed  (hall 
ferve  him,  it  fhall  be  accounted  to 
the  Lord  for  a  generation.  Ifa. 
hii.  JO.  Yet  it  picuLed  the  Lord 


to  bruife  him,  he  hath  put  him  to 
grief:  when  thou  (halt  make  his 
foul  an  offering  for  fm,  he  fhall  fee 
his  feed,  he  fliall  prolong  his  days, 
and  the  pleafure  of  the  Lord  fliall 
profper  in  his  hand. 

'  I  Tim.  ii.  6.  Who  gave  him- 
felf  a  ranfom  for  all,  to  be  tefli-. 
tied  in  due  time.  Ifa.  Iv.  4.  Be- 
hold, I  have  given  him  for  a  wit-r 
nefs  to  the  people,  a  leader  and 
commander  to  the  people.  V.  5. 
Behold,  thou  flialt  call  a  nation 
that  thou  knoweft  not;  and  na- 
tions that  knew  not  thee  iliall  run 
unto  thee,  becaufe  of  the  Lord 
thy  God,  and  for  the  lioly  One  of 
Ifrael ;  for  he  hath  glorified  thee. 
I  Cor.  i.  30.  But  of  him  are  ye  in 
Chrift  Jefus,  who  of  God  is  made 
unto  us  wifdom,  and  righteouf- 
nefs,  and  fanctification,  and  re- 
demption. 

II.  ^  John  i.  I.  In  the  begin- 
ning was  the  Word,  and  the  Word 
was  with  God,  ajid  the  Word  was 
God.  V.  14.  And  the  Word  was 
made  flefli,  and  dwelt  among  us, 
(and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the  glo- 
ry as  of  the  only  begotten  of  the 
Father, )  full  of  grace  and  truth, 
r  John  V.  20.  And  we  know  that 
the  Son  of  God  is  come,  and  hath 
given  us  an  underftanding  that  we 
may  know  him  that  is  true  :  and 
we  are  in  him  that  is  true,  even 
in  his  Son  J efua  Chrift.    This  is 

the 


64  The  Confsjfion  of  Faith.  Chap.  VIII. 

common  infiniiities  thereof,  yet  without  fui '  :  being  con- 
ceived by  the  power  of  the  Holy  Glioft,  in  the  womb  of  the 
Virgin  Mary,  of  her  fubftance  "».  So  that  two  whole,  per- 
fect, and  diitinft  natures,  the  Godhead  and  the  manhood, 
were  infeparably  joined  together  in  one  perfon,  without  con- 
-verfion,  compofition,  or  confuiion  ».  Whicli  perfon  is  very 
God  and  veiy  man,  yet  one  Chrift,  the  only  Mediator  be- 
tv,'een  God  and  man  ". 

III.  The 

Holy  Ghoft  fliall  come  upon  thee, 
and  the  power  of  the  Highell  fliall 
overfhadow  thee :  tlierefore  nlfo 
that  holy  thing  which  ihall  be  born 
of  thee  fhali  be  called  the  Sou  of 
God.  Gal.  iv.  4.  \See  letter  ^  im- 
7nediately  foregoiiig.'] 

"  Luke  i.  35.  [Sae  the  foregoihg 
VerJ'ii.~\  Col.  ii.  9.  For  in  hini 
dwelleth  all  the  fiilnefs  of  the 
Godhead  bodily.  Rom.  ix.  5. 
Whofe  are  the  fathers,  and  of 
whom  as  concerning  the  fielh 
Chrill  came,  who  is  over  all,  God 
blelied  for  ever.  Amen,  i  Pet.iir. 
18.  For  Chrift  alfo  hath  once  fiif- 
fered  for  fins,  the  juft  for  the  un- 
jud,  that  he  might  bring  us  to 
God;  being  put  to  death  in  the 
fielh,  but  quickened  by  the  Spirit. 
I  Tim.  iii.  16.  And,  without  con- 
troverfy,  great  is  the  myltery  of 
godlinefs  :  God  \Vas  manifcil  in 
the  ftefli,  ju(rified  in  the  Spirit, 
teen  of  angels,  preached  unto  the 
Gentiles,  believed  on  in  the  world, 
received  up  into  glory. 

•^  Rom.  i.  3.  Concerning  his  Son 
Jefus  Chrift  our  Lord,  which  was 
made  of  the  feed  of  David  ac- 
cording to  the  fielh .  V.  4.  And 
declared  to  be  the  Son  of  God  with 
power,  according  to  the  Spirit  of 
holinefs,  by  the  refurreclion  from 
the  dead,  i  Tim.  ii.  5.  For  there 
is  one  God,  and  one  Mediitor  be- 
tween God  and  men,  the  man 
Chrift  Jefus. 

111.  ^  Pfal. 


the  true  God,  and  eternal  life. 
Phil.  ii.  6.  V^'ho  being  in  the  form 
of  God,  thought  it  not  robbery  to 
be  equal  with  God.  Gal.  iv.  4.  But 
when  the  fulnefs  of  the  time  was 
come,  God  Tent  forth  his  Son,  made 
of  a  woman,  made  under  the  law. 

^  Heb.  ii.  14.  Forafmuch  then 
as  the  children  are  partakers  of 
flefh  and  blood,  he  alfo  himfelf 
likewife  took  pirt  of  the  fame : 
that  through  death  he  might  de- 
ftroy  him  that  had  the  power  of 
deatii,  that  is,  the  devil.  V.  16. 
For  verily  he  took  not  on  him  the 
nature  of  angels;  but  he  took  on 
him  the  feed  of  Abraham.  V.  17. 
Wherefore  in  all  things  it  behoved 
him  to  be  made  like  unto  his  bre- 
thren ;  that  he  might  be  a  merci- 
ful and  faithful  high  prieft  in 
thi!]gs  pertaining  to  God,  lo  make 
reconciliation  for  the  lins  of  the 
people.  Hcb.iv.  15.  For  we  have 
not  an  high  prieft  which  cannot 
be  touched  with  the  feeling  of  our 
infirmities;  but  was  in  all  points 
tempted  like  as  we  are,  yet  with- 
out lin. 

'"  Luke  i.  27.  To  a  virgin  e- 
fpoufed  to  a  man  whofe  name  was 
Jofeph,  of  the  houfe  of  David ; 
and  the  virgin's  nume  was  Mary. 
V.  3(.  And,  behold,  thou  Ihalt 
conceive  in  thy  womb,  and  bring 
forth  a  fon,  and  fiialt  call  his  name 
Jefus.  •  V.  35.  A^id  the  angel  an- 
swered, aiid  faid  unto  her,  The 


Qiap.  Vlir. 


ne  Confejfion  of  Faith, 


6s 


III.  The  Lord  Jefus,  in  his  human  nature  thus  united  to 

the  divine,  was  lantlitied  and  anointed  with  the  Holy  Spirit 
above  mcalure  p;  having  in  him  all  the  treafures  of  wildom 
and  knowledge  i;  in  whom  it  pleated  the  Father  that  all 
fulnels  fliould  dwell  >•;  to  the  end  that,  being  holy,*  ham  :kfs, 
undefiled,  and  full  of  gi-ace  and  truth  ',  he  miglit  be 
thoroughly  furniflied  to  execute  the  office  of  a  Mediator  and 
Surety  ^  Which  office  he  took  not  unto  himfelf,  but  was 
thereunto  called  by  his  Father";  who  put  all  power  and 
judgment  into  his  hand,  and  gave  him  commantlment  to 
execute  the  lame  "". 

IV.  This  office  the  Lord  Jefus  did  moft  willingly  under- 
take X  ;  which,  that  lie  might  difcharge,  he  was  made  under 

the 

Mediator  of  the  new  covenant, 
and  to  the  blood  of  fprinkling,  that 
fpeaketh  better  things  than  that 
of  Abel.  Heb.  vii.  22.  By  lb  much 
was  Jfeus  made  a  furety  of  a  bet- 
ter tellament. 

'  Heb.  V.  4,  Andnomantaketh 
this  honour  unto  himftlf,  but  he 
that  is  called  of  God,  as  was 
Aaron  ;  V.  5.  So  alfo,  Chrill  glo- 
rified not  himfeif  to  be  maue  an 
high  priefl ;  but  he  that  faid  unto 
him,  Thou  art  my  Son,  to-day 
have  I  begotten  thee.   , 

■  John  V.  22.  For  the  Father 
judgeth  no  man  ;  but  hath  com- 
mitted all  judgment  unto  the  Son: 
V.  27.  And  hath  given  him  au- 
thority to  execute  judgment  alfo, 
becaule  he  is  the  Son  of  man. 
Mat.  xxviii.  18.  And  Jefus  came, 
and  fpake  unto  them,  faying,  All 
pow  er  is  given  unto  me  in  heaven 
and  in  earth.  Afts  ii.  36.  There- 
fore let  ail  the  houfe  of  Ifrael 
know  aiiiiredly,  tiiat  God  hath 
made  that  fame  Jefus,  whom  ye 
have  crucified,  both  Lord  and 
ChrilL 

IV.  ^Pfal.  xl.  7.  Then  faid  I, 

Lo,  I  come:  in  the  volume  of  the 

book  it  is  written  of  me,    V.  8. 

Ide- 


III.  P  Pfal.  xlv.  7.  Thou  loved 
righteoufnefs,  and  hatcft  wicked- 
nefs :  therefore  God,  thy  God, 
hath  anointed  thee  with  the  oil  of 
gladnefs  above  thy  fellows.  John 
lii.  34.  For  he  whom  God  hath 
fent  fpeaketh  the  words  of  God: 
for  (jod  givetli  not  the  Spirit  by 
nieafur<?  unto  him. 

'^  Col.  ii.  3.  In  whom  are  hid 
all  the  treafures  of  wifdom  and 
knowledge. 

"  Col.  i.  19.  For  it  pleafed  the 
^Father  that  in  him  fliould  all  ful- 
nefs  dwell. 

*  Heb.  vii.  26.  For  fuch  an  high 
prieft  became  us,  who  is  holy, 
harmlefs,  undefiled,  feparatefrom 
linners,  and  made  higher  than  the 
heavens.  John  i.  1 4.  And  theWord 
was  made  flelh,  and  dwelt  among 
us,  (and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the 
glory  as  of  the  only  begotten  of 
the  Father,)  full  of  grace  and 
truth. 

^  Acts  X.  38.  How  God  anointed 
Jefus  of  Nazareth  with  the  Holy 
Gholl,  and  with  power  j  who 
went  about  doing  good,  and  heal- 
ing all  that  were  opprefied  of  the 
dt-vil  :  for  God  was  with  him. 
Heb.  xii.   24-  And  to  Jefus  the 


66 


The  Confsffion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  VIIL 


the  la^\^y,  and  did  perfeflly  fulfil  it  ^ ;  endured  mofl  grievous 
torments  immediately  in  his  foul  %  and  mofl  painful  fufFer- 
ings  in  his  body  ^ ;  was  crucified,  and  died  ^ ;  was  buried,  and 
remained  under  the  powxr  of  death,  yet  faw  no  corruption  "i. 

On 


I  delight  to  do  thy  will,  O  my 
God ;  yea,  thy  law  is  within  my 
heart.  With  Heb.  x.  5.  Where- 
fore, when  he  cometh  into  the 
world,  he  faith,  Sacrifice  and  of- 
fering thou  woiildeft  not,  but  a 
body  haft  thou  prepared  me  : 
V.  6.  In  burnt-offerings  and  fttcri- 
fices  for  lin  thou  haft  iiad  no  plea- 
fure.  V.  7.  Then  faid  I,  Lo,  I 
come  (in  the  volume  of  the  book 
it  is  written  of  me)  to  do  thy  will, 
O  God.  V.  8.  Above,  when  he 
faid.  Sacrifice,  and  oifering,  and 
burnt-ofierings,  and  offermg  for 
fin,  thou  wouldeft  not,  neither 
hadft  pleafure  therein,  (which  are' 
©fi-ered  by  the  law ; )  V.  9.  Then 
faid  he,  Lo,  I  come  to  do  thy 
will,  O  God.  He  taketh  away  the 
firft,  that  he  may  eftablifh  the  fe- 
cond.  V.  ro.  By  the  which  will 
we  are  fanctified  through  the  of- 
fering of  the  body  of  Jefus  Chrift 
once  for  all.  John  x.  18.  No  man- 
taketh  it  from  ms,  but  I  lay  it 
down  of  myfelf :  I  have  power  to 
lay  it  down,  and  I  liave  power  to 
take  it  again.  This  command- 
ment have  I  received  of  my  Fa- 
ther. Phil,  ii  8.  And  being  found 
in  fafliion  as  a  man,  he  humbled 
himfelf,  and  became  obedient  un- 
to death,  even  the  death  of  the 
crofs. 

^'  Gal.  iv.  4.  But  when  the  ful- 
nefs  of  the  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
man, made  under  the  law. 

^  Mat.  iii.  15.  And  Jefns  an- 
fwering,  faid  unto  him.  Suiter  it 
to  be  fo  now :  for  thus  it  beco- 
meth  us  to  fulfil  all  righteoufncfs. 


Th en  he  fufFered  hhii .  Mat .  v .  1 7 . 
Think  not  that  I  am  come  to  de- 
ftroy  the  law  or  the  prophets:  I 
am  not  come  to  deftroy,  but  to 
fulfil. 

*  Mat.  xxvi.  37.  And  he  took 
with  him  Peter,  and  the  two  Tons 
of  Zebedee,  and  began  to  be  for- 
rowful,  and  very  heavy.  V.  38. 
Then  faith  he  unto  them,  My  foul 
is  exceeding  forrowful,  even  unto 
death :  tarry  ye  here,  and  watch 
with  me.  Luke  xxii.44.  And,  be- 
ing in  an  agony,  he  prayed  more 
earneftly :  and  his  fweat  was  as  ic 
were  great  drops  of  blood  falling 
down  to  the  ground.  Mat.  xxvii. 
46.  And  about  the  ninth  hour  Je- 
fus cried  with  a  loud  voice,  fay- 
ing, Eli,  Eli,  lama  fabachthani?' 
that  is  to  fay.  My  God,  my  God, 
wmy  haft  tliou  forfaken  me  ? 

^  Matth.  Chapters  xxvi.  and 
xxvii. 

^  Philip,  ii.  8.  \_See  the  lafl 
fcripture  in  ^  immediately  fore- 
goir!2:.'\ 

^  Acts  ii.  23.  Him,  being  deli- 
vered by  the  determinate  counfel 
and  foreknowledge  of  God,  ye 
ha\  e  taken,  and  by  wicked  hands 
have  crucified  and  ftain  :  V.  24. 
Whom  God  hath  raifed  up,  ha- 
ving ioofed  the  pains  of  death  ; 
becaufe  it  w"as  not  polTible  that  he 
(liould  be  holden  of  it.  V.  27. 
Becaufe  thou  wilt  not  leave  my 
foul  in  hell,  neither  wilt  thou  fuf- 
fcr  thine  holy  One  to  fee  corrup- 
tion. And  Acts  xiii.  37.  But  he 
v/hom  God  raifed  again  faw  no 
corruption.  Rom.  vi.  9.  Know- 
ing that  Chrilt,  being  raifed  from 

the 


Chap.  VIIL 


T/je  Cmfefflon  of  Faith. 


67, 


On  the  tliird  clay  he  arole  fi-om  the  dead  %  with  the  fame  body 
in  which  he  luffered '  ;  with  wliich  alfo  he  aicended  into  hea- 
ven, and  there  fiiteth  at  the  right  hand  of  his  Father  s, 
making  interccffion  '>;  and  fhall  return  to  judge  men  and 
angels  at  the  end  of  the  world  K  -,  ^. 


the  dead,  dleth  no  more ;  death 
hath  no  more  dominion  over  him. 

'  r  Cor.  XV.  3.  For  I  delivered 
unto  you  liril  of  all  that  which  I 
alfo  received,  how  thnt  Chrift 
died  for  our  fins  according  to  the 
fcxlpturesj  V.  4.  And  that  he  was 
buried,  and  that  he  rofe  again  the 
third  day,  according  to  the  fcrip- 
tures  :  *  V.  5.  And  that  he  was 
feen  of  Cephas,  then  of  the  tweh  e. 

f  John  XX.  25.  The  other  dif- 
ciplcs,  therefore,  faid  unto  him. 
We  have  (e^n  the  Lord.  But  he 
faid  unto  them,  Except  I  rhall  fee 
in  his  hands  the  print  ofthenaii?, 
and  put  my  finger  into  the  print 
of  the  nails,  and  thruft  my  hand 
into  his  iide,  1  will  not  believe. 
V.  27.  Then  faith  he  to  Thomas, 
Reach  hither  thy  fmger,  and  be- 
hold my  hands ;  and  reach  hither 
thy  hand,  and  thruft  it  into  my 
fide  :  and  be  not  faithlefs,  but  be- 
lieving. 

^  Mark  xvi.  19.  So  then,  after 
the  Lord  had  fpoken  unto  them, 
he  was  received  up  into  heaven, 
and  fat  on  the  right  hand  of  God. 

^  Rom.  viii.  34.  Who  is  he  that 
condemneth  ?  It  is  Chrift  that 
died,  yea  rather,  that  is  rifen  a- 
gain,  who  is  even  at  the  right 
hand  of  God,  who  alfo  maketh 
interceffion  for  us.  Heb.  ix.  24. 
For  Chrift  is  not  entered  into  the 
holy  places  made  with  hands, 
which  are  the  figures  of  the  true  5 
but  into  heaven  itfelf,  now  to  ap- 
pear in  tlie  presence  of  God  for 
us.  Hei).  vii.  2^.  Wherefore  he 
is  able  alio  to  fa\  e  them  to  the 


uttermoft,  that  come  unto  God  by 
him,  feeing  he  everliveth  to  make 
interceffion  for  them. 

'  Rom.  xiv.  9.  For  to  this  end 
Chrift  botli  died,  and  rofe,  and 
revived,  that  he  might  be  Lord 
both  ofthe  dead  and  living.  V.  10. 
But  why  doft  thou  judge  thy  bro- 
ther ?  or  why  doft  tliou  fet  at 
nought  thy  brother  ?  for  we  fhall 
all  ftand  before  the  judgment- 
feat  of  Chrift.  Afts  i .  1 1 .  WHiich 
alfo  faid.  Ye  men  of  Galilee,  why 
ftand  ye  gazing  up  into  heaven  ? 
this  fame  Jefus  which  is  taken  up 
from  you  into  heaven,  fhall  fo 
come  in  like  manner  as  ye  have 
feeii  him  go  into  heaven.  Acta 
X.  42.  And  he  commanded  us  to 
preach  unto  the  people,  and  to 
tefUfy  that  it  is  he  which  was  or- 
dained of  God  to  be  the  Judge  of 
quick  and  dead.  Mat.  xiii.  40. 
As  therefore  the  tares  are  gather- 
ed and  burned  in  the  fire;  fo  fliall 
it  be  iu  the  end  of  this  world. 
V.  41.  I'he  Son  of  man  fliall  fend 
forth  his  angels,  and  they  fliall 
gather  out  of  liis  kingdom  all 
things  that  offend,  and  them  which 
do  iniquity :  V.  42 .  And  fliall  caft 
them  into  a  furnace  of  fire  :  there 
fliall  be  wailing  and  gnafliing  of 
teeth.  Jude,  Ver.  6.  And  the  an- 
gels which  kept  not  their  hrft 
eftate,  but  left  their  own  habita- 
tion, he  liath  rcferved  in  everlaft- 
ing  chains  under  darknefs,  unto 
the  judgment  of  the  greiit  day. 
2  Pet.  ii.  4-  For  if  God  fpared  not 
the  angels  that  finned,  but  call 
them  down  to  hell,  und  deliver- 
ed 


6  8  the  ConfeffJon  of  Faith.  Chap.  VIII. 

V.  The  Lord  Tefus,  by  his  pcfedl  obedience  and  facrifice 
6f  hiiiifelF,  which  he  through  tlie  eternal  Spirit  once  offered 
up  unto  God,  halh  fully  fatisiied  the  juftice  of  his  Father ''; 
and  puixhaied  not  only  reconciliation,  but  an  everlailing  in- 
heritance in  the  kingdom  of  heaven,  for  all  thofe  whoni  the- 
Father  hath  given  unto  him  ». 


ed  them  into  chains  of  darknefs, 
to  be  refcTved  unto  judgment. 

V^.  ''  Rum.  V.  19.  For  as  by  one 
man's  difobedience  many  were 
made  fmners :  fo  by  the  obedience 
of  one  Ihall  many  be  made  righ- 
teous. Heb.  ix.  14.  How  much 
more  Oiall  the  blood  of  Chrift, 
who  through  the  eternal  Spirit 
offered  hin:ifelf  without  fpot  to 
God,  purge  your  confcience  ft'om 
dead  works  to  ferve  the  living 
God?  \' .  16  For  where  a  tefta- 
ment  is,  there  muft  alfo  of  necef- 
fity  be  the  death  of  the  teftator. 
Heb,  X.  14.  For  by  one  offering 
he  hath  perfected  for  ever  them 
that  are  fanctified.  Eph.  v.  2. 
And  walk  in  love,  as  Chrift  alfo 
hatii  loved  us,  and  hath  given 
himfelf  for  us,  an  oirering  and  a 
fiurifice  to  God  for  a  fweet-fmell- 
rng  fu'our.  Rom.  iii.  25.  Whom 
God  hath  fet  forth  to  be  a  propi- 
tiation through  faith  in  his  blood, 
to  declare  his  righteoufnefs  for  the 
remiflion  of  fins  that  are  paft, 
through  the  forbearance  of  God  : 
V.  26.  To  declare,  I  fay,  at  this 
time  his  righteoufnefs:  that  he 
might  be  jult,  and  the  juftitier  of 
him  which  believeth  in  Jeliis. 

1  Dan.  ix.  24.  Seventy  weeks 
are  determined  i.pon  thy  people, 
and  upon  tliy  holy  city,  tofinilhthe 
traufgreliiou,  and  to  make  an  end 
of  lins,  <w\i\  to  make  reconcilia- 
tion for  iniquity,  and  to  bring  in 
everlailing  righteoufnefs,  and  to 
feal  up  the  vilion  and  prophecy, 


VI.  Although 

and  to  anoint  the  moil  holy. 
V.  26.  And  after  threefcore  and 
two  weeks  fliall  Mefliah  be  cut 
off,  but  not  for  himfelf:  and  the 
people  of  the  prince  that  fliall 
come  fliall  destroy  the  city,  and 
the  fancluary,  and  the  end  there- 
of iliall  be  with  a  flood,  and  unto 
the  end  of  the  war  defolations  are 
determined.  Col.  i.  19.  For  it 
pleafed  the  Father  that  in  him 
fliould  all  fulnefs  dwell  ;  V.  20.. 
And  (having  made  peace  through 
tlie  blood  of  his  crofs)  by  him  to 
reconcile  all  things  unto  himfelf; 
by  him,  I  f^y,  whether  they  be 
things  in  earth,  or  things  in  hea- 
ven. Eph.  I.  II.  In  whom  alfo 
we  have  obtained  an  inheritance, 
being  predeftinated  according  to 
the  purpofe  of  him  who  worketh 
all  things  after  the  counfel  of  his 
own  will.  V.  14.  Which  is  the 
earneil  of  our  inheritance,  until 
the  redemption  of  the  purchafed 
pofleffion,  unto  the  praife  of  his 
glory.  John  xvii.  2.  As  thou  haft: 
given  him  power  over  all  flefli, 
that  he  fliould  give  eternal  life  to 
as  many  as  thou  haft  given  him.  ■ 
Heb.  ix.  12.  Neither  by  the  blood 
of  goats  and  calves,  but  by  his 
own  blood,  iie  entered  ia  once 
into  the  holy  place,  having  ob- 
tained eternal  redemption  for  us. 
V.  15.  And  for  this  caiife  he  is 
the  Mediator  of  the  new  tefta- 
mcnt,  that  by  means  of  death,  for 
the  redemption  of  the  tranfgref- 
fions  that  were  under  the  tirlt  te- 
ft  anient, 


Chap.  VIIL  The  Confejfm  of  Faith.  69 

VI.  Although  the  work  of  redemption  was  not  adually 
wrouoht  by  Chrift  till  after  his  incarnation,  yet  the  virtue, 
■efficacy,  and  benefiis  thereof,  were  communicated  unro  the 
■eled  in  all  ages  fuccellively  from  the  beginning  ot  the  world, 
■in  and  by  thofe  promiles,  types,  and  facrilices,  wherein  he 
was  revealed  and  fignified  to  be  the  Seed  of  the  woman, 
which  Ihould  bruife  the  lerpent's  head,  and  the  Lamb  flain 
fi-om  the  beginning  of  the  world,  being  yefterday  and  to-day 
the  fame,  and  for  ever  ". 

Vlf.  Chrift,  in  the  work  of  mediation,  adteth  according 
to  both  natures ;  by  each  nature  doing  that  which  is  proper 
toitlblf":  yet,  by  reaibn  of  the  unity  of  the  perfon,  that 
Avhich  is  proper  to  one  nature  is  fometimes  in  fcripture  attri- 
buted to  the  perfon  denominated  by  ihe  other  nature  ". 

VIII.  To  all  thofe  for  whom  Chrift  haih  purcha- 
sed redemption,  he  doth  certainly  and  eiTeClually  ap- 
ply   and    communicate   the    fime  i- ;    making    interceilion 

for 

to  God;  being  put  to  death  in 
the  flefli,  but  quickened  by  the 
Spirft. 

"Acts  XX.  28.  Take  heed  there- 
fore unto  yourfelves,  and  to  all 
the  flock,  over  the  which  the  Holy 
Gholl  hath  made  you  overfeers, 
to  feed  the  church  of  God,  which 
he  hath  purchafed  with  his  own 
blood.  John  iii.  13.  And  no  man 
hath  afcended  up  to  heaven,  but 
he  that  came  down  from  heaven, 
even  the  Son  of  man,  which  is  in 
heaven,  i  John  iii.  16.  Hereby 
perceive  we  the  love  of  God,  be- 
caufe  he  laid  down  his  life  for  us; 
and  we  ought  to  lay  down  our 
lives  for  the  brethren. 

VIII.  ^Johnvi.  37.  All  that  the 
Father  glveth  me  (hall  come  to 
me  ;  and  him  that  cometh  to  me 
I  will  in  no  wife  caft  out.  V.  39. 
And  this  is  the  Father's  will  whicli 
hath  fent  me,  that  of  all  which 
he  hath  given  me  I  fliould  lofe 
nothing,  but  fliould  ralfe  it  up 
again  at  the  laftday.  John  x.  15. 

As 


{lament,  they  which  are  called 
might  receive  the  promife  of  eter- 
nal inheritance. 

VI.  "'  Gal.  iv.  4.  But'when  the 
fulnels  of  the  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
man, made  under  the  law ;  V.  5. 
To  retleem  them  that  were  under 
the  law,  that  we  might  receive 
the  adoption  of  fons.  Gen,  iii.  15 
And  1  will  put  enmity  between 
thee  and  the  woman,  and  between 
thy  feed  and  her  feed:  it  fliall 
bruife  thy  head,  and  thou  (lialt 
bruife  his  heel.  Rev.  xiii.  8.  And 
all  that  dwell  upon  the  earth  (hall 
wodhip  him,  whofe  names  are  not 
written  in  the  book  of  life  of  the 
Lamb  flain  from  the  foundation 
of  the  world.  Heb.  xiii.  8.  Jefus 
Chriil  the  fame  yefterday,  and  to- 
da,  and  for  ever. 

\II.  "  Heb.  ix.  r4.  ISee  leU 
ter  •«,  fcripture  ihe  lecond.~\  i  Pet. 
iii.  18.  For  Chrift  alfo  hath  once 
fuifered  for  lins,  the  juit  for  the 
unjuft,  that  he  might  bruig  us 


wm 


70  The  Confeffion  of  Faith*  Chap.  VIII, 

for  them  t  ;  and  revealing  unto  them,  in  and  by  the  word, 
the  myfteries  of  fah^ation  '- ;  effedrlualiv  perlliading  them  by 
his  Spirit  to  believe  and  obey ;  and  governing  their  hearis 
by  his  word  and  Spirit  = ;  overcoming  all  their  enemies  by 
his  almighty  power  and  wifdom,  in  fuch  manner  and  ways 

as 


As  the  Father  knoweth  me,  even 
fo  know  I  the  Father  ;  and  I  lay 
down  my  life  for  the  fheep.  V.  1 6. 
And  other  flieep  I  have,  which  are 
not  of  this  fold ;  them  alfo  I  muft 
bring,  and  they  Ihall  hear  my 
voice :  and  there  fliali  be  one  fold, 
and  one  fliepherd. 

•^  I  John  ii.  I.  My  little  chil- 
dren, thefe  things  WTite  I  unto 
you,  that  ye  fin  not.  And  if  any 
man  fm,  we  have  an  Advocate 
with  the  Father,  Jcfus  Chrift  the 
righteous  :  V.  2.  And  he  is  the 
propitiation  for  our  fins :  and  not 
for  ours  only,  but  alfo  for  the  fins 
of  the  whole  world.  Rom.viii.34. 
Who  is  he  that  coridemneth  ?  It  is 
Chrift  that  died,  yea  rather,  that 
is  rifen  again,  who  is  even  at  the 
right  hand  of  God,  who  alfo  ma- 
keth  interceihon  for  us. 

•"John  XV.  13.  Greater lo\'e  hath 
no  man  than  this,  that  a  man  lay 
down  his  life  for  his  friends. 
V.  15.  Henceforth  I  call  you  not 
fervants ;  for  the  fervant  knoweth 
not  what  his  lord  doeth  :  but  I 
have  called  you  friends  ;  for  all 
things  that  I  have  heard  of  my 
Father  I  have  made  kno\\'n  unto 
you.  Eph.  i  7.  Inwhom  we  have 
redemption  through  his  bh)od, 
the  forglvenefs  of  fins,  according 
to  the  riches  of  his  grace  :  V.  8. 
Wherein  he  hath  abounded  to- 
ward us  in  all  wifdom  and  pru- 
dence. V.9.  Having  made  known 
unto  us  the  myftery  of  his  will, 
according  to  li's  good  pleafure, 
which  he  hiith  purpoftjd  in  him- 


felf.  John  xvii.  6.  I  have  mani- 
fefled  thy  name  unto  the  men 
which  thou  gavefl:  me  out  oftiie 
world :  thine  they  were,  and  thou 
gaveft  them  m.e  j  and  they  have 
kept  thy  word. 

'  Jolm  xiv.  16.  And  I  will  pray 
the  Father,  and  he  fliall  give  you 
another  Comforter,  that  he  may 
abide  with  you  for  ever.  Heb. 
xii.  2.  Looking  unto  Jefus,  the 
author  and  finiilier  of  our  faith  ; 
who  for  the  joy  that  was  fet  be- 
fore him  endured  the  crofs,  de- 
fpifing  the  (liame.  and  is  fet  down 
at  the  right  hand  of  the  throne  of 
God.  2  Cor.  iv.  13.  We  having 
the  fame  fpirit  of  faith,  according 
as  it  is  written,  I  believed,  and 
therefore  have  I  fpoken :  we  alfo 
believe,  and  therefore  fpeak. 
Rom.  viii.  9.  But  ye  are  not  in 
the  flefli,  but  in  the  Spirit,  if  fo 
be  that  the  Spirit  of  God  dwell 
in  you.  Now,  if  any  man  have 
not  the  Spirit  of  Chrift,  he  is  none 
of  his.  V.  ivt.  For  as  many  as  are 
led  by  the  Spirit  of  God,  they  are 
the  fons  of  God.  Rom.  xv.  18. 
For  I  will  not  dare  to  fpeak  of 
any  of  thofc  things  which  Chrift 
hath  not  wrought  by  me,  to  make 
the  Gentiles  obedient,  by  word 
anddeed,  V.  19.  Through  mighty 
figns  and  wonders,  by  the  power 
oi-'  the  Spirit  of  God  :  fo  that  from 
Jcrufalem,  and  round  about  unto 
Illyricuni,  I  have  fully  preached 
the  gofpel  of  Chrift.  John  xvii.  1 7 . 
Sanctify  them  through  thy  truth: 
thy  word  is  truth. 

»  Pfal. 


•Chap.  IX.  the  Confefion  of  FdtK  71 

as  are  moft  confonant  to  his  wonderful  and  unfearchable 
difpenfation  ^ 


CHAP.    IX.   OfFreelVilL 

C^  OD  hath  endued  the  will  of  man  with  that  naturalJiberty, 
J  tliat  ii  is  neither  forced,  nor  by  any  abfolute  neceflity 
of  nature  determined^  to  gbod  or  evU  •. 

II.  Man,  in  his  Hate  of  innocency,  had  freedom  and  power 
to  will  and  to  do  that  which  is  good  and  -^vell-pleafing  to 
CcA  t> ;  but  yet  mutably,  fo  ^tlhat  he  mig'ht  fall  from  it  <=. 

III.  Man,  by  his  fall  into  a  ilate  of  fin,  hath  wholly  loft 
all  ability   of    will   to   any   fpiiitual   good  accompanying 

lalva- 


^  Pfal.  ex.  r.  The  Lord  faid 
tinto  my  Lord,  Sit  thou  at  my 
right  hand,  until  I  make  thine 
enemies  thy  footftool.  r  Cor. 
XV.  25.  For  he  muil  reign,  till  he 
hatli  put  all  enemies  under  his 
feet.  V.  26.  The  laft  enemy  that 
fhall  be  dtftroyed  is  death.  Mai. 
iv.  2.  But  unto  you  that  fear  my 
name  fiiall  the  Sun  of  righteouf- 
nefs  arife  with  healing  in  his 
vings ;  and  ye  fhall  go  forth  and 
^x)w  up  as  calves  of  the  ftall. 
V.  3.  And  ye  (hall  tread  down 
the  wicked;  for  they  fhall  be 
aflies  under  the  foles  of  your  feet, 
in  the  day  that  I  fliall  do  this, 
faith  the  Lorclofhofts.  Col.  ii.  15. 
And  having  fpoiled  principalities 
and  powers,  he  made  a  fhew  of 
them  openly,  triumphing  over 
«hem  in  it. 

'  L  *  Mat.  xvii.  12.  But  I  fay 
unto  you,  That  Elias  is  come  al- 
ready, and  thuy  knew  him  not, 
i>ut  have  done  unto  him  whatfo- 
€ver  they  lifted :  likewife  fliall 
alfo  the  Son  of  manfuftcr  of  tluni. 
James  i.  14.  But  every  man  is 
tempted,  when  he  is  drawn  away 
«f  his  own  luit,  and  enticed. 
Deut  XXX.  19.  I  call  heaven  and 
.th  to  record  thk-day  againft 


you,  that  I  have  fet  before  you 
life  and  death,  blelling  and  cur- 
fing :  therefore  choofe  life,  that 
both  thou  and  thy  i'eed  may  live. 

n.  '^  Eccl.  vii.  29.  Lo,  this  on- 
ly have  I  found,  that  Gnad  hath 
made  man  upright;  but  they  have 
fought  out  many  inventions.  Gen. 
i.  26.  And  God  faid,  Let  us  make 
man  in  our  image,  after  our 
likenefs  :  and  let  them  have  do- 
minion over  the  fifh  of  the  Tea, 
and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air, 
and  over  the  cattle,  and  over  all 
the  earth,  and  over  every  creep- 
ing thing  that  creepeth  upon  the 
earth. 

"=  Cew.  ii.  f6.  And  the  Lord 
God  commanded  the  man,  faying, 
Of  every  tree  in  tlie  garden  thou 
mayeft  freely  eat :  \  .  17.  But  of 
the  tree  of  the  knowledi^  of  good 
and  evilthouOialtnot  ealof  it:  for 
in  the  day  that  thou  catelttliereof 
thou  flmlt  f'lrely  die.  Gen.  iii.  6. 
And  when  the  woman  faw  that 
the  tree  was  good  for  fooii,  and 
that  it  was  pleafant  to  the  eyes, 
and  a  tree  to  be  defired  to  make 
one  wife;  flie  took  of  the  fruit 
thereof,  aud  t)id  eat,  and  gav6 
aHo  unto  her  hufband  \Vith  hei-^ 
and  he  did  eat.       -I'^'ii-' 

III.  •»  Rom. 


72  7he  ConfeJJion  of  Faith,  Chap.  IX» 

falvatloii^ :  fo  as  a  natural  man,  being  altogether  averre  from 
that  good%  and  dead  in  fin  ^,  is  notable,  by  his  own  flrength, 
to  convert  himfelf,  or  to  prepare  himfelf  thereunto  ?^  .... 

IV.  When  God  converts  a  (inner,  and  ti-an(lates  him  into  the 
flate  of  grace,  he  freeth  him  from  his  natural  bondage  under 
fin  %  and  by  his  grace  alone  enables  him  freely  to  vviil  and  to 

do 

III.  *^  Rom.  V.  6.  For  when  we 
were  yet  without  flrength,  in  due 
thne  Chrift  died  for  the  ungodly. 
Rom.  viii.  7.  Becaufe  the  carnal 
mind  is  enmity  againfl:  God :  for 
it  is  not  fubjeft  to  the  law  of  God, 
neither  indeed  can  be.  Johnxv.5. 
I  am  the  vine,  ye  are  the  branches: 
he  that  abideth  in  me,  and  I  in  him, 
thefamebringethforthimiclifruit: 
forwithontme  yecando  nothing. 

*  Rom.  iii.  10.  As  it  is  written, 
There  is  none  righteous,  no,  not 
one.  V.  \2.  They  are  all  gone 
out  of  the  way,  they  are  together 
become  unprotitable,  there  is  none 
that  doeth  good,  no,  not  one. 

*■  Eph.  ii.  I.  And  you  iiath  he 
quickened  who  were  dead  in  tref- 
palles  and  lins.  V.  5.  i^ven  when 
we  were  dead  in  fins,  hatu  quick- 
ened us  together  with  Ghrirt,  (by 
grace  ye  are  faved. )  Col.  ii.  i  3. 
And  you,  being  dead  in  your  fins, 
and  the  uncircumcifion  of  your 
flelh,  hatn  he  quickened  together 
with  him,  having  forgiven  you 
all  trefpafles. 

^  John  vi.  44.  No  man  can  come 
to  me,  except  tiie  Father  which 
hath  fent  me  draw  him  :  and  I 
will  raife  him  up  at  the  lalt  day. 
y.  6c.  And  he  faid.  Therefore 
faid  I  unto  you,  That  no  man  can 
come  unto  me,  except  it  were 
given  unto  him  of  my  Father. 
Kph  ii.  2-  Wherein  in  time  pail 
ye  walked  according  to  the  courfe 


prince  of  the  power  of  the  air, 
the  fpirit  that  now  worketh  in 


the  children  of  difobedience.  V.  3. 
Among  whom  alfo  we  all  had  our 
converfation  in  times  paft,  in  the 
lufls  of  our  flelh,  fulfilling  the  de- 
fires  of  the  flefli  and  of  the  mind; 
and  were  by  nature  the  children 
of  wrath,  even  as  others.  V.  4. 
But  Ciod,  who  is  rich  in  mercy, 
for  his  great  love  wherewith  he 
loved  us,  V.  5.  Even  when  we 
were  dead  in  fins,  hath  quickened 
us  together  with  Chrift,  (by grace 
ye  are  faved. )  i  Cor.  ii.  14.  But 
the  natural  man  receiveth  not 
the  things  of  the  Spirit  of  God  ; 
for  they  are  fooliftmefs  unto  him: 
neither  can  he  know  them,  be- 
caufe they  are  fpirituaily  difcern- 
ed.  Tit.  iii.  3.  For  we  ourfelves 
alfo  were  fometimes  foolilh,  dif- 
obedient,  deceived,  lervingdiverfe 
lufts  and  pleafures,  living  in  ma- 
lice and  envy,  hateful,  and  b  iting 
one  another.  \.  4.  But  after  that 
tflfc  kindnefs  and  love  of  God  our 
Saviour  toward  man  appeared, 
V.  5  Not  by  works  of  rigliteouf- 
ncfs  which  we  liave  done,  but 
according  to  his  mercy  he  faved 
us.  by  the  wafhing  of  regeneration, 
and  renewing  of  the  Holy  Gholl. 
IV.  ''Gol.i.  13.  Wliohathde- 
livered  us  from  the  power  ofdark- 
nels,  and  hath  uanllated  us  into 
the  kingdom  of  his  dear  Son.  John 
viii.  34.  Jefus  anfwered  them, 
Verily,  verily,  1  fay  unto  you, 
Wholbever  committeth  fin,  is  the 
fervant  of  fin.  V.  36.  If  the  Son, 
therefore,  fliall  mak<?  you  free,  ye 
iQwU  be  free  iudeed. 

iphil. 


Cbap.  X.  The  Conjeffion  of  Faith*  73 

do  that  which  is  fpiritually  good  ^ ;  yet  ih  as  that,  by  reafon 
of  his  remaining  corruption,  he  doth  not  perfedly  nor  only 
will  that  which  is  good,  but  doth  alio  will  that  which  is  evil^. 
V.  The  will  of'  man  is  made  perfectly  and  immutably  free 
to  good  alone  in  the  date  of  glory  only  ^ 


CHAP.    X.    OfEffeetiial  Callwg. 

AL  L   thofe   whom  God   hath  predeftinated  unto  life, 
and  thole  only,  he    is  pleafed,  in  his  appointed  and 
accepted    time,    effediiaily   to  call  %    by   his    word    and 

Spi- 


•  Phil.  ii.  13.  For  it  is  God 
which  worketh  in  you  both  to 
will  and  to  do  of  his  good  plea- 
fiire.  Rom.  vi.  18.  Being  then 
made  free  from  fm,  ye  became  the 
iervants  of  righteoufnefs.  V.  2 2  • 
Bitt  HOW,  being  made  free  fromfm, 
and  become  fervants  to  God,  ye 
have  your  fniit  unto  holinefs,  and 
the  end  everlafting  life. 

k  Gal.  V.  17.  tor  the  flefli  lufl- 
eth  againft  the  fpirit,  and  the  fpi- 
rit  agahift  the  flefh :  and  thefe  are 
contrary  the  one  to  the  other  ;  fo 
that  ye  cannot  do  the  things  that 
yewould.  Rom.  vii.  15.  For  that 
which  I  do,  I  allow  not :  for  what 
I  would,  that  do  I  not ;  but  what 
I  hate,  that  do  1.  V.  18.  Fori 
know  that  in  me  (that  is,  in  my 
flefli)  dwelleth  no  good  thing  : 
for  to  will  is  prefent  with  me, 
but  how  to  perform  that  which  is 
good  I  find  not.  V.  19.  For  the 
'good  that  I  would,  I  do  not;  but 
the  evil  which  I  would  not,  that 
I  do.  V.  2r.  I  find  then  a  law, 
that  when  I  would  do  good,  evil 
is  prefent  with  me.  V.  23.  But  I 
fee  another  law  in  my  members 
Starring  againft  the  law  of  my 
inind,  and  bringing  me  into  cap- 
tivity to  the  law  of  fin,  which  is 
in  my  members. 


V.  «  Eph.  iv.  13.  Till  we  all 
come  in  the  unity  of  the  faith,  and 
of  the  knowledge  of  the  Son  of 
God,  unto  a  perfect  man,  unto  the 
meafure  of  the  ftature  of  the  ful- 
nefsofChrift.  Heb.  xii.  23.  To 
the  general  afiembly  and  church 
of  the  firft-born,  which  are  writ- 
ten in  heaven,  and  to  God  the 
Judge  of  all,  and  to  the  fpirits  of 
juft  men  made  perfect,  i  John 
iii.  2.  Beloved,  now  are  we  the 
fons  of  God ;  and  it  doth  not  yet 
appear  what  we  fliall  be  :  but  we 
know  that  when  he  ihall  appear 
we  (hall  be  like  him ;  for  we  Ihali 
fee  him  as  he  is.  Jude,  Ver.  24. 
Now  unto  him  that  is  able  to  keep 
you  from  falling,  and  to  prefent 
you  faultlefs  before  the  prefence 
of  his  glory  with  exceeding  joy. 

I.  *  Rom.  viii.  30.  Moreover, 
whom  he  did  predeftinate,  them 
he  alfo  called ;  and  whom  he  call- 
ed, them  he  alfo  juftilied;  and 
whom  he  juflitied,  them  he  alfo 
glorified.  Rom.  xi.  7.  Whatthen? 
Ifrael  hath  no:  obtained thatwhich 
he  feeketh  for  :  but  the  eleaioii 
hath  obtained  it,  and  the  reft 
were  blinded.  Eph.  i.  10.  That 
in  the  difpenfation  of  the  fulnefs 
of  times  he  might  gather  toge- 
ther in  one  all  things  iji  Chrift, 


I'he  Confejjion  of  Faith* 


Chap.  X. 


74 

-Spirit  S  out  of  that  flate  of  fin  and  death  in  which  they  are 
by  nature,  to  grace  and  falvation  by  Jcfus  Chrifl  ^ ;  enliglit- 
ening  their  minds  fpiritually  and  lavingly  to  underftand  the 
things  of  God  ^ ;  taking  away  their  heart  of  flone,  and  giving 

unto 


both  which  are  In  heaven,  and 
wliich  are  on  earth,  even  in  him. 
V.  I  r .  In  whom  alfo  we  have  ob- 
tained an  inheritance,  being  pre- 
deftinated  according  to  the  pur- 
pofe  of  him  who  worketh  all 
things  after  the  counfel  of  his  own 
will. 

•»  2  Theff".  ii.  13.  But  we  are 
bound  to  give  thanks  alway  to 
<3od  for  you,  brethren,  beloved 
of  the  Lord ;  becaufe  God  hath 
from  the  beginning  chofen  you  to 
falvation  through  fan£tific  ation  of 
theS^pirit  and  belief  of  the  truth : 
V.  14.  Whereunto  he  called  you 
by  our  gofpel,  to  the  obtaining  of 
the  glory  of  our  Lord  JefusChrift. 
2  Cor.  iii.  3.  Forafmuch  as  ye  are 
manifeftly declared  to  be  the  epiflle 
of  Chrift  miniftered  by  us,  writ- 
ten not  with  ink,  but  wMth  the 
Spirit  of  the  living  God;  not  in 
tables  of  ftone,  but  in  fleflily  tables 
of  tlie  heart.  V.  6.  Who  alfo 
made  us  able  miniflers  of  the  new 
teftament ;  not  of  the  letter,  but 
of  the  Spirit :  for  the  letter  kill- 
Cth,  but  the  Spirit  giveth  life. 

^  Rom.  viii.  2  For  the  law  of 
the  Spirit  of  life  in  Chrift  Jefus 
hath  made  me  free  from  the  law 
of  fm  and  death.  Eph.  ii-  i.  And 
you  hath  he  quickened,  who  were 
dead  in  trefpaffes  and  fms.  V.  2. 
Wherein  in  time  paft  ye  walked 
according  to  the  courfe  of  this 
world,  according  to  the  prince  of 
the  power  of  the  air,  the  fpirit 
that  now  Vvorketh  in  the  children 


of  difobedience.     V. 


Among 


whom  alfo  we  all  had  our  conver- 
fation  in  times  paft,  in  the  lufts  of 


our  flefh,  fulfilling  the  defires  of 
the  flefh  and  of  the  mind;  and 
were  by  nature  the  children  of 
wrath,  even  as  others.  V.  4.  But 
God,  who  is  rich  in  mercy,  for 
his  great  love  wherewith  he  loved 
us,  V.  5.  Even  when  we  were 
dead  in  fms,  hath  quickened  us 
together  with  Chrift,  (by  grace 
ye  are  faved. )  2  Tim.  i.  9.  Who 
hath  faved  us,  and  called  us  with 
an  holy  calling,  not  according  to 
our  works,  but  according  to  his 
own  purpofe  and  grace,  which  was 
given  us  in  Chrift  Jefus  before 
the  world  began;  V.  10.  But  is 
now  made  manifeft  by  the  appear- 
ing of  our  Saviour  Jefus  Chrift, 
who  hath  abolifhed  death,  and 
hath  brought  life  and  immortality 
to  light  through  the  gofpel. 

<*  Afts  XX vi.  18.  To  open  their 
eyes,  and  to  turn  them  from  dark- 
ncfs  to  light,  and  from  the  power 
of  Satan  unto  God,  that  they  may 
receive  forgivenefs  of  fins,  and  in- 
heritance among  them  which  are 
fan8:ified  by  faith  that  is  in  mc. 
I  Cor.  ii.  10.  But  God  hath  re- 
vealed them  unto  us  by  his  Spirit: 
for  the  Spirit  fearcheth  all  things, 
yea,  the  deep  things  of  God.  V.12. 
Now  we  have  received,  not  the 
fpirit  of  the  world,  but  the  Spirit 
which  is  of  God;  that  we  might 
know  the  things  that  are  freely 
given  to  us  of  CJod.  Eph.  i.  17. 
That  tlie  C>od  of  our  Lord  Jcfus 
Chrift,  the  Father  of  glory,  may 
give  unto  you  the  Spirit  of  wifdom 
and  revelation  in  the  knowledge 
of  him:  V.  18.  The  eyes  of  your 
underftanding  being  enlightened ; 
that 


Chap.  X.  7he  Confefion  of  Faith.  75 

unto  them  an  heart  of  fleQi* ;  renewing  their  wills,  and  by  his 
ahnighry  power  detenninino-  them  to  that  wliich  is  good  ^ ; 
and  effcdually  drawing  them  to  JefusChrifl  fi;  yet  fo  as  they 
come  moil  freely,  being  made  willing  by  his  grace  ^. 

II.  This  effectual   call  is  of  God's  free  and  fpecial  grace 
alone,  not  from  -any  thing  at  all  forefeen  in  'man  ',  wno  is 


that  ye  may  know  what  is  the 
hope  of  his  caHiiig,  and  what  the 
riches  of  the  glory  of  hisinherit- 
ance  in  the  faints. 

'  Ezek.  xxxvi.  26.  A  new  heart 
alfo  will  I  give  -you,  and  a  new 
fpirit  will  I  put  witliin  you;  and 
I  will  take  away  the  ftony  heart 
out  of  your  fiefh,  and  I  will  give 
you  an  heart  of  fielh. 

f  Ezek.  xi.  19.  And  I  will  give 
them  one  heart,  and  I  will  put  a 
new  fpirit  within  you ;  and  1  will 
take  the  ftony  heart  out  of  their 
fteih,  and  will  give  them  an  heart 
of  flefli.  Phil.  il.  13.  For  it  is  God 
which  worketh  in  you  both  to 
will  and  to  do  of  his  good  plea- 
fur  e.  Dent.  XXX.  6.  And  the  Lord 
thy  God  will  circumcife  thine 
heart,  and  the  heart  of  thy  feed, 
to  love  the  Lore'  thy  God  with 
all  thine  heart,  and  v.'lth  all  thy 
foul,  that  thou  niayeft  live.  Ezek. 
XXXV i.  27.  And  I  will  put  my 
Spirit  within  you,  and  caufe  you 
to  walk  in  my  itatutcs,  and  ye 
fliall  keep  my  judgments,  and  do 
them. 

^  Eph.  i.  19.  And  what  is  the 
exceeding  greatnefs  of  his  power 
to  US-ward  who  believe,  accord- 
ing to  the  working  of  his  mighty 
power.  John  vi.  4^.  No  man  can 
come  to  me,  except  the  Father 
which  hath  fent  me  draw  him; 
4  and  I  will  raife  him  up  at  the  lad 
iPday.  V.  45.  It  is  written  in  the 
"  prophets.  And  they  dial  I  be  all 
taught  of  God,  Every  man,  there- 


altogether 

fore,  that  hath  heard,  and  hath 
learned  of  the  Father,  cometh. 
unto  me. 

^  Cant.  i.  4.  Draw  me,  we  will 
run  after  thee.  Pfai.  ex.  3.  Thy 
people  fliall  be  willing  in  the  day 
of  thy  power,  in  the  beauties  of 
holinefs  from  the  womb  of  the 
morning  :  thou  haft  the  dew  of 
thy  youth.  John  vi.  37.  All  that 
the  Father  giveth  me  fhall  come 
to  me ;  and  him  tliait  cometh  to 
me  I  will  in  no  wife  cafl  out. 
Rom.  vi.  16.  Know  ye  not,  that 
to  whom  ye  yield  yourfelves  fer- 
vants  to  obey,  his  feivants  ye  are 
to  whom  ye  obey  ;  whether  of  ihi 
unto  death,  or  of  obedience  unto 
righteoufnefs  ?  V.  1 7 .  But  God  be 
thanked  that  ye  were  the  fervants 
of  fm  ;  but  ye  have  obeyed  from 
the  heart  that  form  of  doftrine 
which  was  delivered  you.  V.  18. 
Being  then  made  free  from  fin,  ye 
became  the  fervants  of  righteouf- 
nefs. 

II.  '  2  Tim.  i.  9.  Who  hath  fa- 
ved  us,  and  called  us  with  an  holy 
calling,  not  according  to  our 
works,  but  according  to  his  own 
purpofe  and  grace,  which  was  gi- 
ven us  in  Chrilt  Jcfus  before  the 
world  began.  Tit.  iii.  4.  But  af- 
ter that  the  kindncfs  and  love  of 
God  our  Saviour  toward  man  ap- 
peared, V.  5.  Not  by  works  of 
righteoufnefs  which  we  have  done^ 
but  according  to  his  mercy  he  fa- 
ved  us,  by  the  waihhig  of  regeile-^, 
ration,  and  renewing  of  the  Holy 


?6 


The  Confeffion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  X. 


altogether  paffive  tlierein,  until,  being  quickened  and  re- 
newed by  the  Holy  Spirit  ^^  he  is  thereby  enabled  to  anfwer 
4:his  call,  and  to  embrace  the  grace  offered  and  conveyed  in  it  K 
III.  Eled  infants,  dying  in  infancy,  are  regenerated  and 
faved  by  Chrilt  through  the  Spirit  >»,  who  worketh  when,  and 
where,  and  how  he  pleafeth  «.    So  alfo  are  all  other  eled;  per- 


Ghoft.  Eph.  ii.  4-  But  God,  who 
is  rich  in  mercy,  for  his  great  love 
therewith  he  loved  us,  V,  5. 
Even  when  we  were  dead  in  fins, 
hath  quickened  us  together  with 
Chrift,  (by  grace  ye  are  faved.) 
V.  8.  For  by  grace  are  ye  faved 
through  faith;  and  that  not  of 
>ourfelves :  it  is  the  gift  of  God : 
V.  9.  Not  of  works,  lert  anyrnan 
iliould  boaft.  Rom.  ix.  ir.  For 
tlie  children  being  not  yet  born, 
neither  having  done  any  good  or 
evil,  that  the  purpofe  of  God  ac- 
cording to  election  might  ftand, 
.not  of  works,  but  of  him  that 
calleth. 

•^  I  Cor.  ii.  14.  But  the  natural 
man  receiveth  not  the  things  of 
the  Spirit  of  God;  for  they  are 
fooliflmefs  unto  him  :  neither  can 
he  know  them,  becaufe  they  are 
fpirituallydifcerned.  Rom.viii.7. 
Becaufe  the  carnal  mind  is  en- 
mity againft  God:  for  it  is  not 
fubje£l:  to  the  law  of  God,  neither 
indeed  can  be^  Eph.  ii.  5.  Even 
when  we  were  dead  in  fins,  hath 
quickened  us  together  with  Chrift, 
(by  grace  ye  are  faved. ) 

^'johnvi.  37.  All  that  the  Father 
giveth  me  fliall  come  to  me ;  and 
l;im  that  cometh  to  me  I  will  in 
no  wife  caft  out.  Ezek.  xxxvi .  2  7 . 
And  I  will  put  my  Spirit  within 
you,  and  caufe  you  to  walk  in  my 
ftatutes,  and  ye  fliall  keep  my 
judgments,  and  do  them.  John  v. 
25.  Verily,  verily,  1  fay  n^^to  you. 
The  honr  is  coming,  and  now  is, 
when  the  dead  Ihall  hear  the  voice 


fons 

of  the  Son  of  God :  and  they  that 
hear  fliall  live. 

III.  "  Luke  xviii.  15.  And  they 
brought  unto  him  alfo  infants, 
that  he  would  touch  them :  but 
when  his  difciples  faw  it,  they 
rebuked  them.  V.  16.  But  Jefus 
called  them  unto  him,  and  faid, 
Suiter  little  children  to  come  un- 
to me,  and  forbid  them  not :  for 
of  fuch  is  the  kingdom  of  God. 
And  Aas  ii.  38.  Then  Peter  faid 
unto  them.  Repent,  and  be  bap- 
tized everyone  of  you  in  the  name 
of  Jefus  Chrift  for  the  remifllon 
of  fins,  and  ye  fliall  receive  the 
gift  of  the  Holy  Ghoft.  V.  39.  For 
the  promife  is  unto  you,  and  to 
your  children,  and  to  all  that  are 
afar  off,  even  as  many  as  the  Lord 
our  God  fliall  call.  And  John 
iii.  3.  Jefus  anfwered,  and  faid 
unto  him,  Verily,  verily,  I  fay  . 
unto  thee.  Except  a  man  be  born 
again,  he  cannot  fee  the  kingdom 
of  God.  V.  5.  Jefus  anfwered, 
Verily,  verily,  I  fay  unto  thee, 
Exce})t  a  man  be  born  of  water 
and  of  the  Spirit,  he  cannot  enter 
into  the  kingdom  of  God.  And 
I  John  V.  12.  He  that  hath  the 
Son  hath  life;  and  he  that  hath 
not  t'le  Son  of  God  hath  not  life. 
And  Rom.  viii.  9.  But  ye  are  not 
in  the  flefli,  but  in  the  Spirit,  if 
fo  be  that  the  Spirit  of  God  dwell 
in  you.  Now,  if  any  man  have  not 
the  Spirit  of  (Jhrift,  he  is  none  of 
his.    [Compared  together,'] 

"  John  iii.  8.  The  wind  bloweth 
where  it  lifteth,  and  thou  heareft 

the 


o^ 


Chap.  X.  The  Confcf ion  of  Faith.  yj 

ions,  who  ai*e  incapable  of  being  outwardly  called  by  the 
mini  dry  of"  the  word  °. 

IV.  Others  not  clecHied,  although  they  may  be  called  by  the 
minidry  of  the  word  r,  and  may  have  fome  common  operations 
o'i  the  Spirit  %  yet  they  never  truly  come  to  Chrift,  and 
tliereforc  cannot  be  faved"- :  much  lefs  can  men  not  profeiFmg 
the  Chrillian  religion  be  favcd  in  any  other  way  whatfoever, 
be  they  never  fo  diligent  to  frame  their  lives  according  to  the 
light  of  nature,  and  the  law  of  that  religion  they  do  profefs  ^ ; 

and 


the  found  thereof,  but  canfl  not 
tell  whence  it  cometh,  and  whe- 
ther it  goeth  :  To  is  every  one  that 
is  born  of  the  Spirit. 

°  I  John  V.  12.  He  that  hath 
the  Son  hath  life ;  and  he  that 
hath  not  the  Son  of  God  hath 
not  life.  Acls  iv.  12.  Neither  is 
there  falvation  in  any  other :  for 
there  is  none  other  name  under 
heaven  given  among  men  whereby 
we  mull  be  faved. 

IV.  P  Mat.  xxii.  14.  For  many 
are  called,  but  few  are  chofen. 

"*  Mat.  vii.  22.  Many  will  fay 
to  me  in  that  day,  Lord,  Lord, 
liave  we  not  prophelied  in  thy 
iir.me?  and  in  thy  name  have 
c  lit  oat  devils?  arx.1  in  thy  name 
done  many  wondej^ul  works  ? 
Mat.  xiii.  20.  But  He  that  recei- 
ved the  feed  into  llony  places,  the 
fame  is  he  that  heareth  the  word, 
and  anon  with  joy  receiveth  it: 
V.  21.  Yet  h-ith  he  not  root  in 
Iiimfelf,  but  dureth  for  a  while  : 
for  when  tribulation  or  perfecu- 
tion  arifeth  becaufe  of  the  word, 
by  and  by  he  is  oflended.  Hcb. 
vi.  4-  t'or  it  is  impoflible  for  thofe 
who  were  once  enlightened,  and 
have  tailed  cf  z\\q  heavenly  gift, 
and  were  made  partakers  of  the 
Holy  Ghofl,  V.  5.  And  have 
tafted  the  good  word  of  God, 
and  the  powers  of  the  world  to 
tome. 


^  John  vi.  64.  But  there  are 
fome  of  you  that  believe  not.  Foi' 
Jefus  knew  from  the  beginning 
who  they  were  that  believed  not,, 
and  who  (hould  betray  him.  V.65.. 
And  he  faid,  Therefore  faid  I  un- 
to you,  Tliat  no  man  can  come, 
unto  me,  except  it  were  glvea 
unto  him  of  my  Father.  V.  66. 
From  that  time  many  of  his  dif- 
ciples  went  back,  and  walked  no. 
more  with  him.  John  viii.  24.  I 
faid,  therefore,  unto  you,  That 
ye  ihall  die  in  your  lins:  for  if 
ye  believe  not  that  I  am  he,  ye 
\\\2.\[  die  in  your  fins. 

'  A^s  iv.  12.  Neither  is  there 
falvation  in  any  other  :  for  there 
is  none  other  name  under  heaven^^ 
given  among  men  whereby  we 
mufl:  be  faved.  John  xiv.  6.  Jefus 
faith  unto  him,  I  am  the  way, 
and  the  truth,  and  the  life:  no 
man  cometh  unto  the  Father  but 
by  me.  Kph.  ii.  12.  That  at  that 
time  ye  were  without  Chrift,  being" 
aliens  from  the  commonwealth  of 
Ifrael,  and  Grangers  from  the 
covenants  of  promife,  having  no 
hope,  and  without  God  in  the 
world.  *  John  iv.  22.  Ye  worfliip 
ye  know  not  what :  we  know  what 
we  worihip:  for  falvation  is  of 
the  Jews.  John  xvii.  3.  And  this 
is  life  eternal,  that  they  might, 
know  thee,  the  only  true  God,  and 
Jefus  Ciirift  whom  thou  haft  fcnt. 
D  2  '2  Tohn. 


78 


The  Co?ifejffio7i  of  Fdth. 


Chap.  XT. 


and  to  aflert  and  maintain  that  they  may  is  very  pernicious, 
and  to  be  detefted  \ 


CHAP.    XI.     Of  Juftificadon. 

•^'pHOSE  whom  God  effe6lually  calleth  he  alfo  freely 
X  juiUfieth  ^ ;  not  by  infufmg  righteoufnefs  into  tliem,  but 
by  pardoning  their  hns,  and  by  accounting  and  accepting  their 
peribns  as  rigliteoiis  :  not  for  any  thing  wrought  in  them,  or 
done  by  them,  but  for  Chraft's  fake  alone;  not  by  imputing  faith 
itielf,  the  aifl  of  beUeving,  or  any  other  evangelical  obedience, 
to  them  as  their  righteoufnefs ;  but  by  imputing  the  obedience 
and  fatisfadion  of  Chrill  unto  them  ^,  they  receiving  and 

refting 

Rom.  ill.  24-  Being  juftified  freely 
by  his  gi-ace,  through  the  redemp- 
tion that  is  in  Jefus  Chrift. 

*>  Rom.  iv.  5.  But  to  him  that 
worketh  not,  but  belie veth  on. 
him  that  juftifieth  the  ungodly, 
his  faith  is  counted  for  righteouf- 
nefs. V.  6.  EvenasDavidalfode- 
fcribeth  the  bleflednefs  of  the  man 
unto  whoD^God  impuceth  righ- 
teoufnefs ^fhout  works,  V.  7. 
Saying,  BlefTed  are  they  whofe  ini- 
quities are  foi^lven,  and  whofe 
fms  are  cov|(td.  V.  8.  Blefled  is 
the  man  tsl^^om  the  Lord  will 
not  impute  fin.  2  Cor.  v.  19. 
To  wit,  that  God  was  in  Chrift, 
reconciling  the  world  unto  him- 
felf,  not  imputing  their  trefpafles 
unto  them ;  and  hath  committed 
unto  us  the  word  of  reconcilia- 
tion. V.  21.  For  he  hath  made 
him  to  be  fm  for  us  who  knew 
no  fin;  that  we  might  be  made 
the  righteoufnefs  of  God  in  him. 
Rom.  iii.  22.  Even  the  righteouf- 
nefs of  God  which  is  by  faith  of 
Jefus  Chrift  unto  all  and  upon  all 
them  that  believe  j  for  there  is  no 
difference.  V.  24-  Being  juftified 
freely  by  his  grace,  through  the 
redemption  I 


*  2  John,  Ver.  9 .  Whofoever  tranf- 
grelleth,  and  abideth  not  in  the 
(io£triue  of  Chrift,  hath  not  God: 
he  that  abideth  iji  the  do£lrine  of 
Chrift,  he  hath  both  the  Father 
and  the  Son.  V.  ib.  Iftherecome 
any  unto  you,  and  bring  not  this 
do£lrine,  receive  him  not  into 
your  houfe,  neither  bi<l  him  God 
fpeed.  V.  1 1 .  For  he  that  biddeth 
Jiim  God  fpeed  is  partaker  of  his 
evil  deeds,  i  Cor.  xvi.  22.  If  any 
man  h)ve  not  the  Lord  JefusChrift, 
let  him  be  Anathema  Maranatha. 
Gal.  i.  6.  I  marvel  that  ye  are  fo 
foon  removed  from  him  that  call- 
ed you  into  the  grace  of  Chrift 
unto  another  gofpel :  V.  7.  Which 
is  not  another;  but  there  be  fome 
that  t'r'diil)le  you,  and  would  per- 
vert the  gofpel  of  Chrift.  V.  8. 
But  though  we,  or  an  angel  from 
heaven,  preach  any  other  gofpel 
unto  you  than  that  which  we  have 
preached  unto  you,  let  him  be 
accurfed. 

I.  "  Rom.  viii.  30.  Moreover, 
whom  he  did  predeftinate,  them 
he  alfo  called ;  andwhom  he  called, 
them  he  alfo  juftified  ;  and  whom 
he  juftified,  them  he  alfo  glorified. 


Chap.  XI.  The  Confefion  of  Faith,  79 

refting  on  him  and  his  righteouihcrs  by  faith;  ^vlikh  failh 
tliey  have  not  of  themfelves,  it  is  the  gift  of  God  «. 

II.  Faith,   thus  receiving  and  reiling  on  Chrifl  and  his 
righteoufnefs,  is  the  alone  inllrument  of  jultiiication  ^ ;  yet  is 

it 


^  redemption  that  is  in  Jefus  Chrift ; 
'  V.  25.  Whom  God  hath  fet  forth 
to  be  a  propitiation  through  faith 
in  his  blood,  to  declare  his  righ- 
teoufnefs  for  the  remiffion  of  lins 
that  are  paft,  through  the  forbear- 
am-c  of  God.  V.  27.  Where  is 
boaftingthen?  It  is  excluded.  By 
what  law  ?  of  works?  Nay;  but 
by  the  law  of  faith.  V. 28.  There- 
fore we  conclude  that  a  man  is 
julbfied  by  faith  without  the  deeds 
of  the  law.  Tit.  iii.  5.  Not  by 
works  of  righteoufnv.rs  which  we 
have  done,  but  according  to  his 
mercy  he  faved  us,  by  the  wadiing 
of  regeneration,  and  renewing  of 
the  Holy  Ghoft:  V.  7.  That  be- 
ing juftified  by  his  grace,  weihould 
be  made  lieirs  according  to  the 
hope  of  eternal  life.  hph.  i.  7. 
In  v\'hom  we  hive  redemption 
through  his  blood,  the  forgivenefs 
I  -  of  (ins,  according  to  the  riches  of 
•  his  grace.  Jer.  xxiii.  6.  In  his 
days  Judah  (hall  be  faved,  and  If- 
rael  fliall  dwell  fafely  ;  and  this 
is  his  name  whereby  he  ihall  be 
called,  THE  LORD  OUR 
RIGHTEOUSNESS,  i  Cor. 
i.  30.  But  of  him  are  ye  in  Chrill: 
Jefus,  who  of  God  is  made  unto 
us  wifdom,  and  righteoufnefs,  and 
'  fanftitication,  and  redemption : 
V.  31.  That,  according  as  it  is 
written,  Hethatglorieth,  let  him 
glory  in  the  Lord.  Rom.  v.  17. 
For  if  by  one  man's  otfence  death 
reigned  by  one;  much  more  they 
which  receive  abundance  of  grace, 
and  of  the  gift  of  righteoulhefs, 
(hall  reign  in  life  by  one,  Jefus 
Chrifl.    V.  18.  Therefore  as  by 


the  offence  of  one  judgment  came 
upon  all  men  to  condemnation; 
even  fo  by  the  righteoufnefs  of 
one,  the  free  gift  came  upon  all 
men  unto  juititication  of  life- 
V.  19.  For  as  by  one  man's  difobe- 
dience  many  were  made  Tinners  ; 
fo  by  the  obedience  of  one  ihall 
many  be  made  righteous^ 

'  Arts  X.  44.  While  Peter  yet 
fpake  thefe  words,  the  HolyGhofl 
fell  on  all  them  which  heard  the 
word.  Gal.  ii.  16.  Knowing  that 
a  man  is  not  juftified  by  the  works 
of  tlie  law,  but  by  the  faith  of 
Jefus  Chrift  ;  even  we  have  belie- 
ved in  Jefus  Chrifl,  that  we  might 
be  jultitied  by  the  faith  of  Chrifl, 
and  not  by  the  works  of  the  law  : 
for  by  the  works  of  tne  law  fhall 
no  fle(h  be  juflified.  Phil.  iii.  9. 
And  be  found  in  him,  not  having 
mine  own  righteoufnefs,  which 
is  of  the  law,  but  that  whi^h  is 
through  the  faith  of  Chrill,  the 
righteoufnefs  which  is  of  God  by 
faith.  Afts  xiii.  38.  Be  it  known 
unto  you,  therefore,  men  and  bre- 
thren, that  through  this  man  is 
preached  unto  you  die  forgivenefs 
of  fms  :  V.  39.  And  by  him  all 
that  believe  are  jullified  from  all 
things,  from  \yhich  ye  could  not 
be  juflified  by  the  law  of  Mofes- 
Eph.  ii.7.  That  in  the  ages  to  come 
he  might  fhew  the  exceeding 
riches  of  his  grace,  in  his  kind- 
nefs  towards  us  through  Chrifl 
Jefus.  V.  8.  For  by  grace  are  ye 
faved  through  faith  :  and  that  not 
of  yourfelves  :  it  is  the  gift  of  God. 

II.  "^  John  i.  12.  But  as  many  as 

received  him,  to  them  gave  he 

D  A  UQwer 


«o 


The  Confejjion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  XT. 


it  not  alone  in  the  perfon  juilified,  but  is  ever  accompanied 
with  all  other  faving  graces,  and  is  no  dead  faith,  butworketli 
hy  love  «. 

III.  Chrift,  by  his  obedience  and  death,  did  fiilly  difcharge 
the  debt  of  all  thofe  that  are  thus  juftified,  and  did  make  a 
proper,  real,  and  full  fatisfadion  to  his  Father's  jnlUce  in 
their  behalf  ^  Yet,  in  as  much  as  he  was  given  by  the  Fa- 
ther 


power  to  become  the  fons  of  God, 
even  to  them  that  believe  on  his 
name .  Rom .  iii .  2  8 .  Therefore  we 
conclude  that  a  man  is  juftitied 
by  faith  without  the  deeds  of  the 
law.  Rom.  v.  i .  Therefore  being 
juftified  by  faith,  we  have  peace 
with  God  through  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift 

^  James  ii.  17.  Even  fo  faith,  if 
It  liath  not  works,  is  dead,  being 
alone.  V.  22.  Seed: thou howfaith 
wrought  with  his  works,  and  by 
works  was  faith  made  perfeft  ? 
V.  26.  For  as  the  body  without 
the  fpirJt  is  dead,  fo  faith  without 
works  i;>  dead  alfo.  Gal.  v.  6.  For 
in  Jefus  Ch rill  neither  circHmci- 
fion  availeth  any  thing,  nor  uncir- 
f  umcifion,  but  faith  which  work- 
evh  by  love. 

■  III.  *"Rom.  V.8.  ButGodcom- 
mcndeth  his  love  towards  us,  in 
that  while  we  were  yet  fnniers 
Chrift  died  for  us.  V.  9.  Much 
more  then,  being  now  juIVified  by 
his  blood,  we  fliall  be  Hived  from 
wrath  through  him.  V.  jo.  For 
if  when  we  were  enemies  we 
were  reconciled  Co  God  by  the 
death  of  liis  Son;  mm  h  more, 
being  reconciled,  wefliall  befaved 
by  his  life.  V.  1 9.  For  as  by  one 
man's  dilubedience  many  were 
jnade  llimers  ;  fo  by  the  obedience 
of  one  fliall  many  be  made  righ- 
teous. 1  Tim.  ii.  5-  F"^"  there  is 
one  God,  and  one  Mediator  be- 
twecii  Cod  and  men,  the  muii 


Chrifl:  Jefus:  V.  6.  Who  gave  him- 
felf  a  ranfom  for  all,  to  be  telli- 
fied  in  due  tiuie.  Heb.  x.  1  o.  By 
the  which  will  we  are  fanftitied, 
through  the  oifering  of  the  body 
of  Jefus  Ghrift  once  for  all.  V.  1 4. 
For  by  one  offering  he  hath  per- 
fected for  ever  them  that  are  fancr 
tified.  Dan.  ix.  24-  Seventy  weeks 
are  determined  upon  thy  people, 
and  upon  tiiy  holy  city,  tofnihii  the 
tranfgreffion,  and  to  make  an  end 
of  fins,  and  to  make  reconcilia- 
tion for  iniquity,  and  to  bring  in 
everlafting  righteoufnefs,  and  to 
feal  up  the  vition  and  prophecy, 
and  to  anoint  the  moft  holy. 
V.  26.  And  after  threefcore  oid 
two  weeks  lliall  Mefliah  be  cut 
otf,  but  not  for  himfelf :  and  the 
people  of  the  prince  that  i\yd\\ 
come  lliall  deftroy  the  city,  and 
the  fancluary,  and  the  end  there- 
of iliall  be  with  a  flood,  and  unto 
the  end  of  the  war  defolations  are 
determined.  Ifa.  liii.  4.  Surely 
he  hath  borne  our  griefs,  and  c:?r- 
ried  our  forrows  :  yet  we  did 
elleem  him  ilricken,  Ihfitten  of 
God,  and  afHiaed.  V.  5.  But  he 
was  wounded  for  our  tranfgref- 
fions,  he  was  bruifed  for  our  ini- 
quities :  the  chaflifement  of  our 
peace  was  upon  him,  and  with  his 
hripes  we  are  hcaltd.  V.  6.  /Ml 
we  like  fheep  liave  gone  allray  ; 
we  have  turned  every  one  to  his 
own  way,  and  the  Lord  hath  laid 
on  him  the  iniquity  of  us  all.  V .  i  o. 
Yet 


Cliap.  Xr.  ne  Confefion  of  Faith.  8r 

ther  for  them  e,  and  his  obedience  and  fatisfadioli  accepted 
in  their  (lead  i>,  and  both  freely,  not  for  any  thing  in  tliem, 
their  jufliiication  is  only  of  free  grace  i;  that  both  the  exadl 
jullice  and  rich  grace  of  God  might  be  glorified  in  the  jufti- 
iication  of  finners  ^. 

IV.  God  did,  from  all  eternity,  decree  to  juftify  all  the 
elect  J  ;  and  Chrift  did,  in  tlie  falnefs  of  time,  die  for  their 

lins. 


Yet  it  pleafed  the  Lord  tobruife 
him  ;  he  hath  put  him  to  grief : 
"when  thou  Ihalt  make  his  foul  an 
ofiering  for  lin,  he  (hall  fee  his 
feed,  he  fliall  pro-long  his  days, 
and  the  pleafure  of  the  Lord  fhall 
profper  in  his  hand.  V.  rr.  He 
fliall  fee  of  the  travail  of  his  faul, 
and  fliall  be  fatislied  :  by  his  know- 
ledge fiiall  my  righteous  fervant 
juftify  many;  for  he  fhall  bear 
their  iniquities.  V.  12.  There- 
fore will  I  divide  him  a  por- 
tion with  the  great,  and  he  fhall 
divide  the  fpoil  with  the  ftrong ; 
becaufe  he  hath  poured  out  his 
foul  unto  death :  and  he  was 
numbered  with  the  tranfgreiibrs ; 
and  he  bare  the  fin  of  many,  and 
made  interceflion  for  the  tranf- 
greffors. 

^  Rom.  viii.  32.  He  that  fpared 
not  his  own  Son,  but  delivered 
him  up  for  us  all,  how  fliall  he 
not  with  him  alfo  freely  give  us 
all  things  ? 

2  Cor.  V.  21.  For  he  hath 

ide  him  to  be  fin  for  us  who 
knew  no  fm  ;  that  we  might  be 
made  the  righteoufnefs  of  God  in 
him.  Mat.  iii.  17.  And,  lo,  a 
voice  from  heaven,  faying,  This 
is  my  beloved  Son,  in  whom  I  am 
well  pleafed.  Eph.  v.  2.  And 
Avalk  in  love,  as  Chrift  alfo  hath 
loved  us,  and  hath  given  himfelf 
for  us,  an  olfering  and  a  facrifice 
to  God  for  a  fwcet-fmeUing  fa- 
vour. 


'  Rom.  iii.  24.  Being  juftifietf 
freely  by  his  grace,  through  the 
redemption  that  is  in  Jefus  Chrift, 
Y.\^\\.  i.  7.  In  whom  we  have  re- 
demption through  his  blood,  the 
forgivenefs  of  fins,  according  ta 
the  riches  of  his  grace. 

■^Rom.  iii.  26.  To  declare,  Ifay^ 
at  this  time  his  righteoufnefs.;  that 
he  might  be  juft,  and  the  juftifiec 
of  him  whicli  believeth  bi  Jefus. 
Eph.  ii.  7.  That  in  the  ages  to 
come  he  might  fliew  the  Q-i^cce^U 
ing  riches  of  his  grace,  in  his 
kindnefs  tov>-ards  usthroughCliriil:- 
Jefus. 

IV.  'Gal.  iii.  8.  And  the  fcrip- 
ture  forefeeing  that  God  would 
juftify  the  Heathen  through  faith, 
preached  before  the  gofpeL  unto 
Abraham,  faying,  In  thee  fliall  all 
nations  be  blelied.     i  Pet.  i.  2. 
Elect  according  to  the  foreknow- 
ledge of  God  the  Father,  through.- 
fanclification   of  the  Spirit   untc> 
obetiience,  and  fprinkling  of  the 
blood  of  Jefus  Chrift.   \  .  19.  BuC 
with  the  precious  blood  of  Chrift, 
as  of  a  lamb  without  blemifli  and 
without  fpot :  V.  20.  Who  verily 
was    fore -ordained    before    the 
foundation  of  the  world,  but  was 
manifeft  in  thefe  laft  times  for 
you.      Kom.  viii.  30.  Moreover, 
whom  he  did  predeftinate,  them 
he  alfo  called  ;    and   wliom   he 
called,  them  he  alfo  juftitied  j  and 
whom  he  juftitied,  them  he  aha 
glofihed, 

D  5  '■•'  Gal. 


82  The  Confeffion  of  Fdth.  Chap.  XI. 

fins,  and  rife  again  for  their  jiiflificati on  "  :  neverthelefs  they 
are  not  jiiftified, until  the- Holy  Spirit  doth  indue  time  actual- 
ly apply  Chrift  unto  them  ^. 

V.  God  doth  continue  to  forgive  the  fins  of  thofe  that  are 
juftified  o  :  and  although  they  can  never  fall  from  the  Hate 
of  j  unification  p,  yet  they  may  by  their  fins  fall  under  God^s 
fatherly  difpleafure,  and  not  have  the  light  of  his  countenance 
reflored  unto  them,  unlil  they  humble  themfclves,  confefs 
their  lins,  beg  pardon,  and  renew  their  faith  and  repentance  i. 

VI.  The 


"  Gal.  iv.  4.  But  when  the  ful- 
nefs  of  tha  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
man, made  under  the  law.  I  Tim. 
ii.  6.  Who  gave  himfelf  a  ranfom 
for  all,  to  be  teftified  in  due  time. 
Kom.  iv.  25.  Who  was  delivered 
for  our  offences,  and  was  raifed 
again  for  our  juftification. 

"  Col.  i.  21.  And  you  that  were 
fome  time  alienated,  and  enemies 
in  your  mind  by  wicked  works, 
yet  now  hath  he  reconciled 
V.  22.  In  the  body  of  his  flefli 
through  death,  to  prefent  you 
holy,  and  unblameable,  and  unre- 
proveable  in  his  fight.  Gal.  ii.  16. 
^Ses  letter  ^  i'ntinediately  forego- 
ing.'] Tit.  iii'.  4-  But  after  that 
the  kindnefs  and  love  of  God  our 
Saviour  toward  man  appeared, 
V.  5.  Not  by  works  of  righteouf- 
3iefs  which  we  have  done,  but  ac- 
cording to  his  mercy  he  faved  us, 
by  the  wafliing  of  regeneration, 
and  renewing  of  the  Holy  Ghoft  ; 
V.  6.  Which  he  Ihed  on  us  abun- 
dantly through  Jefus  Chrid  our 
Saviour  ;  V.  7.  That  being  jufti- 
fied  by  his  grace,  we  fliould  be 
made  heirs  according  to  the  hope 
of  eternal  life. 

V.  "  Mat.  vi.  12.  And  forgive 
tis  our  debts,  as  we  forgive  our 
debtors,  i  John  i.  7.  But  if  we 
Malk  in  the  light,  as  he  is  in  the 
\ig,ht  J  we  have  fellowfliip  one  with 


another ;  and  the  blood  of  Jefus 
G brill  his  Son  cleanfeth  us  from 
all  fm.  V.  9.  ]f  we  confefs  our 
fins,  he  is  faithful  and  juit  to  for- 
give us  our  lins,  and  to  cleanfe  us 
from  all  iinrighteoufnefs.  i  John 
ii.  I.  My  little  children,  thefe 
things  write  I  unto  you,  that  ye 
fm  not.  And  if  any  man  Hn,  we 
have  an  advocate  with  the  Father, 
Jefus  Chrift  the  righteous.  V.2. 
And  he  is  the  propitiation  for 
our  fins :  and  not  for  ours  only, 
but  alfo  for  the  lins  of  the  whole 
world. 

P  Luke  xxii.  32.  But  I  have 
prayed  for  thee,  that  thy  faith  fail 
not ;  and  when  thou  art  convert- 
ed Strengthen  thy  brethren.  John 
X.  28.  And  I  give  unto  them  eter- 
nal life,  and  they  fliall  never  pe- 
rilh,  neither  fliall  any  pluck  them 
out  of  my  hand.  Heb.  x.  14.  For 
by  one  offering  he  hath  perfefted 
for  ever  them  that  are  fanftilied, 

'i  Pful.  Ixxxix.  31 .  If  they  break 
my  llatutes,  and  keep  not  my 
commandments,  V.  32.  Then 
will  I  vifit  their  tranfgrellion  with 
the  rod,  and  their  iniquity  with 
ftripes.  V.  33.  Neverthelefs  my 
loving-kindnefs  will  I  not  utterly 
take  from  him,  nor  futfer  my 
faithfulnefs  to  fail.  Pfal.  Ii.  7. 
Purge  me  with  hylibp,  and  I  fliall 
be  cleaa ;  walh  me,  and  I  fliall  be 
whiter  than  the  fnow.  V.  8. 
Make 


amp.  XII.  The  Gonfejjlon  of  Faith.  ^ 

VT.  The  jaftiiiGation  of  believers  under  the  old  teflament 
was,  in  all  thefe  relpeds,  one  and  the  lan^e  with  the  jurtifica- 
tion  of  believers  under  the  new  teflament '. 


CHAR    XII.    Of  Adoption, 

AL  L  thofc  that  are  juitified,  God  vouchfafeth,  in  and  for 
his  only  Son  Jefiis  Chrift,  to  make  partakers  of  the  grace 
of  adoption  ^  :  by  wliich  they  are  taken  into  the  number,  and 
en}oy  the  liberties  and  privileges,  of  the  children  of  God  ^ ; 

have 


Make  me  to  hear  joy  and  glad- 
nefs;  that  the  bones  which  thou 
halt  broken  may  rejoice.  V.  9. 
Hide  thy  face  from  my  fms,  and 
blot  out  all  mine  iniquities. 
V .  1  o.  Create  in  me  a  clean  heart, 

0  God ; ,  and  renew  a  right  fpirit 
within  me.  V.  11.  Caft  me  not 
away  from  thy  prefence ;  and  take 
not  thy  Holy  Spirit  from  me. 
V .  12.  Reftore  unto  me  the  joy  of 
thy  falvation  ;  and  uphold  me 
with  thy  free  Spirit.  Pf.  xxxii.  5. 

1  acknowledged  my  fm  unto  thee, 
and  mine  iniquity  have  I  not  hid  : 
I  faid,  I  will  confefs  my  tranf- 
greffions  unto  the  Lord  ;  and  thou 
forgaveft  the  iniquity  of  my  fin. 
Mat  .xxvi.  75.  And  Peter  remem- 
bered the  words  of  Jefus,  which 
faid  unto  him,  Before  the  cock 
crow  thou  fhalt  deny  me  thrice. 
And  he  went  out,  and  wept  bit- 
terly. I  Cor.  xi.  30.  For  this 
caufe  many  are  weak  and  fickly 
among  you,  and  many  fleep.  V.32. 
But  when  we  are  judged  we  are 
chaflened  of  the  Lord,  that  we 
fliould  not  be  condemned  with  the 
world.  Luke  i.  20.  And,  behold, 
thou  fiialt  be  dumb,  and  not  able 
to  fpeak,  until  the  day  that  thefe 
things  (hall  be  performed,  becaufe 
thou  believelt  not  my  words, 
which  ihall  be  fulfilled  in  their 
fealon. 


VI.  •■  Gal.  iii.  9.  So  then,  they 
which  be  of  faith  are  bluffed  with 
faithful  Abraham.  V.  1 5.  Chrift 
hath  redeemed  us  from  the  curfe 
of  the  law,  being  made  a  curfe 
for  us  :  for  it  is  written,  Gurfed 
is  every  one  that  hangeth  on  a 
tree:  V.  14.  That  the  blefling  of 
Abraham  might  come  on  the  Gen- 
tiles through  Jefus  Chriit ;  that 
we  might  receive  the  promife  of 
the  Spirit  through  faith.  Rom. 
iv.  22.  And  therefore  it  was  im- 
puted to  him  for  righteoufnefs. 
V.  23.  Now,  it  was  not  written 
for  his  fake  alone  that  it  was  im- 
puted to  him  ;  V.  24.  But  for  u« 
alfo,  to  whom  it  ftiall  be  imputed, 
if  we  believe  on  him  that  raifed 
up  Jefus  our  Lord  from  the  dead. 
Heb.  xiii.  8.  Jefus  Chrift  the  fame 
yefterday,  and  to-day,  and  for 
ever. 

I.  "  Eph.  i.  5.  Having  predefli- 
nated  us  unto  the  adoption  of  chil- 
dren by  Jefus  Chrift  to  himfelf, 
accord  uig  to  the  good  pleafure  of 
hiswill.  Gal.iv,  4.But\thenthe 
fulnefs  of  the  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
mauc  made  under  the  law,  V.  5. 
To  redeem  them  that  were  under 
the  law,  that  we  might  receive 
the  adoption  of  fons. 

^  Rom.  viii.  17.  And  if  children, 


then  heirs 


heirs  of 
D  6 


God,    and 
joint 


84 


The  Confeffion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  XTL 

have  his  name  put  upon  them  s  receive  the  Spirit  of  adop- 
tion ^ ;  have  accefs'  to  the  throne  of  grace  ^vith  boldnefs  ^  ; 
are  enabled  to  cry,  Abba,  Father  <" ;  are  pitied  k,  protected  '-, 
provided  for  *,  andchaflened  by  him  as  by  a  father  ^\  yet  never 
cad  offi,^  but  fealed  to  the  day  of  redemption  ^,  and  inherit 
the  promifes  «,  as  heirs  of  everlafling  falvation  ^. 

CHAP. 


joint  heirs  with  Chrift  :  if  fo  be 
that  we  fufFer  with  him,  that  we 
may  be  alio  glorified  together. 
John  i.  12.  But  as  many  as  re- 
ceived him,  to  them  gave  he  power 
ro  become  the  ions  of  God,  even 
to  them  that  believe  on  his  name. 

^'Jer.xiv.  9.YettIiou,  OLord, ' 
art  in  the  midil  of  us,  and  we  are 
called  by  thy  name,  leave  us  not. 
2  Cor.  vi.  i8.  And  will  be  a  Fa- 
ther unto  you,  and  ye  fiwll  be  my 
ions  and  daughters,  faith  the  Lord 
-iimighty.  Kev.  iii.  12.  Him  that 
overcometh  will  I  make  a  pillar 
in  the  temple  of  my  God,  and  he 
liiall  go  no  more  out  :  and  I  will 
write  upon  him  the  name  of  my 
God,  and  the  name  of  the  city 
of  my  God,  which  is  new  Jeru- 
iblem,  which  cometh  down  out 
uf  heaven  from  my  God  :  and  I 
will  write  upon  him  my  new 
name. 

^  Rom.  viii.  1 5.  For  ye  have  not 
veceived  the  fpirit  of  bondage 
again  to  fear  ;  but  ye  have  re- 
ceived the  Spirit  of  adoption, 
whereby  we  cry,  Abba,  Father. 

^  Eph.  iii.  12.  Inwhomwehave 
boldnefs  and  accefs  with  confi- 
dence by  the  faith  of  him.  Rom. 
V.  2  By  whom  alfo  we  have  ac- 
cefs by  fiiith  into  this  grace  where- 
in we  (land,  and  rejoice  in  hope 
of  the  glory  of  r.od. 

*■  Gal.  iv.  6.  And  becaufe  ye  are 
fons,  God  hath  fent  forth  the 
Spirit  of  his  Son  into  your  hearts, 
trying,  Abba,  Father. 


^  Pfal.  ciii.  13.  Like  as  a  father 
pitieth  his  children;  fo  the  Lord 
pitieth  them  that  fear  him. 

''  Prov.  xiv.  26.  In  the  fear  01 
the  Lord  is  ftrong  confidence ; 
and  his  cliildren  fhall  have  a  place 
of  refuge 

'  Macth.  vi.  30.  Wherefore,  if 
God  fo  clothe  the  grafs  of  the 
field,  which  to-day  is,  and  to- 
morrow is  cafl  into  the  oven, 
fhall  he  not  nmch  moreclothe  you, 
O  ye  of  little  faith?  V.  32.  For 
yonr  heavenly  Father  kno^^  etii 
that  ye  have  need  of  all  tlitfe 
things.  1  Pet.  v.  7.  Calling  all 
your  care  upon  him,  for  he  cart  cli 
for  you. 

^  Heb.  xii.  6.  For  whom  the 
Lord  loveth  he  chaltenetii,  and 
fcourgcth  every  fon  whom  he  re- 
t:eiveth. 

^  Lam. 
not  call  off  for  ever. 

"*  Eph.  iv.  30.  And  grieve  not 
the  Holy  Sjnrit  of  God,  whereby 
ye  are  fealed  unto  the  day  of  re- 
demption. 

"  Heb.  vi.  12.  That  ye  be  not 
flothful,  but  followers  of  them, 
who  through  faith  and  patience 
'J'nherit  the  promifes. 
'  *•  r  Pet.  i.  3.  Blefled  be  the  God 
and  Father    of   our    Lord  Jefus 
Chrift,   which   according  to  his 
abundant   mercy   hath    begotten 
us  again  unto  a  lively  hope,  by 
the  refurrcclion  of  Jefus  Chrift 
from  the  dead,    V.  4.  To  an  in- 
heritance incorruptible,  and  ua- 
deiiled, 


Chap.  Xril.  "the  Conftfion  of  Faith,  85 

C  JI  A  P.   XIII.     Of  Scmcrificatku. 

THEY  who  are  effectually  called  and  re^jjenerated,  having 
a  new  heart  and  a  new  fpirit  created  in  them,  are  far- 
ther fanditied  really  and  perfonally,  through  the  virtue  of 
Chrifii's  deadi  and  refurrec^ion »,  by  his  w6rd  and  Spirit  dwell- 
ing in  them  ^ :  the  dominion  of  the  whole  body  of  fin  is 
deftroyed  s  and  the  feveral  lufts  thereof  are  more  and 
more  weakenexl  and  mortiried  •',  and  they  more  and  iiiore 
quickened   and  ilrengtliencd   in  ail  faviiig  graces  %  to  the 

Dradice 


defiled,  and  that  fadeth  not  away, 
referved  in  heaven  for  you.  Heb. 
J.  14.  Are  they  not  all  minirtering 
fpirits,  fent  forth  to  minifter  for 
themuhoinallbeheirsoffalvation? 

I.  =•  f  Cor.  vi.  II.  And  fuch 
were  fonie  of  you  :  but  ye  are 
waflied,  but  ye  are  fanftified,  but 
ye  arejuftified,  in  the  name  of  the 
Lord  Jefus,  and  by  the  Spirit  of 
our  God.  Aft§  xx.  32.  And  now, 
brethren,  I  commend  you  to  God, 
and  to  the  v/ord  of  his  grace, 
which  is  able  to  build  you  up, 
and  to  give  you  an  inherituncea- 
mongallthemwhicharefancVmed. 
Phi!,  iii.  10.  That  I  may  know 
him,  and  the  power  of  his  refiir- 
reclion,  and  the  fellowfhip  of  his 
fufferings,  being  made  conform- 
able unto  his  death.  Rom.  vi.  5. 
For  if  we  have  been  planted  to- 
gether in  the  likenefs  of  his  death, 
we  fliall  be  alfo  in  the  likenefs  of 
bis  refnrreclion  :  V.  6.  Knowing 
this,  that  our  old  man  is  crucified 
with  him,  that  the  body  of  (in 
might  be  deftroyed,  that  hence- 
forth we  (hould  not  ferve  fin. 

i*  John  xvii.  17.  Sanclify  them 
through  thy  truth  :  thy  \\ord  is 
truth.  Kph.  V.  26.  That  he  might 
fanclify  and  cleanfe  it  with  the 
•waihing  of  water  by  the  word. 
^Thefi.  ii.  13.  But  we  are  bound 
"to  give  thanks  alway  to  God  for 


you,  brethren,  beloved  of  the 
Lord,  becaufe  God  hath  from  the 
beginning  chofen  you  to  falvation, 
through  fandtification  of  the  Spi- 
rit, and  belief  of  the  truth. 

^  Rom.  vi.  6.  Knowing  this, 
that  our  old  man  is  crucified  with 
him,  that  the  body  of  fm  might 
be  deilroyed,  that  henceforth  we 
fliould  not  ferve  fiu.  V.  14.  For 
fin  lliali  not  have  dominion  over 
you :  for  ye  are  not  under  the  lav/, 
but  under  grace. 

■^  Gal.  v.  24.  And  they  that 
are  Chrift's  have  crucified  the 
flefii,  with  the  aft^eftions  and  lufts. 
Rom.  viii.13.  For  if  ye  live  after 
the  flefh,  ye  fliall  die:  but  if  ye 
through  the  Spirit  do  mortify  the 
deeds  of  the  body,  ye  fliall  live. 

^  Col.  i.  1 1 .  Strengthened  with 
all  might  according  to  his  glori- 
ous power,  unto  all  patience  and 
long  -  futi^ring  with  joyfulnefs. 
Eph.  iii.  16.  That  he  would  grant 
you,  according  to  the  riches  of  his 
glory,  to  be  ftrengthened  with 
might  by  his  Spirit  in  the  inner 
man.  V.  17.  That  Chrift  may 
dwell  in  your  hearts  by  faith  j 
that  ye,  being  rooted  awd  ground- 
ed in  love,  V,  18  May  be  able 
to  comprehend  with  all  faints 
what  is  the  breadth,  and  length, 
and  depth,  and  height,  V.  19. 
And  to  know  the  love  of  Chrirt; 
whith 


S6  The  Confe[[lo7i  of  Faith.  Chap.  XIII. 

praflice  of  true  holiiiefs,  without  which  no  man  fliall  fee  tlie 
Lord  ^ 

11.  This  fandification  is  throughout  in  the  whole  man  ^ ; 
yet  iraperfedl  in  this  life,  there  abideth  Hill  fome  remnants  of 
corruption  in  every  part^:  whence  arifeth  a  continual  and 
irreconcileable  war  ;  the  ficfti  lulling  againil  tlie  fpirit,  and 
the  fpirit  agalnfl  the  fieih  i.  ■ 

III.  In  which  war,  although  tlie  remaining  corrup- 
tion for  a  time  may  much  prevail  ^y  yet,  through  the  con- 
tinual fupply  of  itrength  from  the  fandifying  Spiiit  of 
Chriil,    the  regenerate  part  doth  overcome » :   and  fo  the 

faints 


which  pafleth  knowledge,  that  ye 
might  be  tilled  with  all  the  ful- 
nefs  of  God. 

^  2  Cor.  vii.  I.  Having,  there- 
fore, thefe  promifes,  dearly  be 
loved,  let  us  cleanfe  ourfelves 
from  all  filthinefs  of  the  flefh  and 
fpirit,  perfecting  holinefs  in  the 
fear  of  God.  Heb.xii.  14.  Follow 
peace  with  all  men,  and  holinefs, 
without  which  no  man  fnall  fee 
the  Lord. 

IL  8  I  Their.  V.  23.  And  the 
very  God  of  peace  fanclify  you 
wholly  :  and  I  pray  God  your 
whole  fpirit  and  foul  and  body 
be  preferved  blamelefs  unto  the 
coming  of  our  Lord  Jefus  Chrifl. 

^  I  John  i.  10.  If  we  fay  that  we 
have  not  finned,  we  make  him  a 
lyar,  and  his  word  is  not  in  us. 
Rom.  vii.  r8.  For  I  know  that 
in  me  (that  is,  in  my  flefli)  dwell- 
eth  no  good  thing :  for  to  will  is 
prefent  with  me,  but  how  to  per- 
form that  which  is  good  I  find 
not.  V.  23.  But  I  fee  another  law 
in  my  members  warring  againil 
the  law  of  my  mind,  and  bringing 
me  into  captivity  to  the  law  of  fin, 
which  is  in  my  members.  Phil. 
iii.  12.  Not  as  though  I  had  al- 
ready attained,  either  were  al- 
ready perfect :  but  1  follow  after, 


if  that  I  may  apprehend  that  for 
which  alfo  I  am  apprehended  of 
Chrift  Jefus. 

'Gal.  V.  17.  For  the  flefh  luft- 
eth  againfl  the  fpirit,  and  the 
fpirit  againft  the  flefh :  and  thefe 
are  contrary  the  one  to  the  other; 
fo  that  ye  cannot  do  the  things 
that  ye  would.  i  Pet.  ii.  11. 
Dearly  beloved,  I  befeechyou,  as 
ftrangers  and  pilgrims,  abftain 
from  fleflily  lufts  which  war  againft 
the  foul. 

in.  ^  Rom.  vii.  23.  But  I  fee 
another  law  in  my  members  war- 
ring againft  tlie  law  of  my  mind, 
and  bringing  me  into  captivity  to 
the  law  of  fin,  which  is  in  my 
members. 

^  Rom.  vi.  14.  For  fin  fliall  not 
have  dominion  over  you  :  for  ye 
are  not  under  the  law,  but  under 
grace,  i  John  v.  4.  For  whatfo- 
ever  is  born  of  God  overcometh 
the  world  :  and  this  is  the  victory 
that  overcometh,  the  world,  even 
oiir  faith.  Eph.  iv.  1 5 .  But  fpeak- 
ing  the  truth  in  love,  may  grow 
up  into  him  in  all  things,  which 
is  the  head,  even  Chrift  :  V.  1 6. 
From  whom  the  whole  body  fitly 
joined  together,  and  compared 
by  that  which  every  joint  fup- 
plieth,  iiccording  to  the  effectual 
working 


Chap.  XIV.  The  Confejfm  of  Faith. 


87 


faints  grow  in  grace  «•,  perfed:ing  holinefs  in  the  fear  of 
God". 


CHAP.     XIV.     Of  Saving  Faith. 

TH  E  grace  of  faith,  whereby  the  ele6t  are  enabled  to 
believe  to  the  faving  of  their  fouls  •,  is  the  work  of  the 
Spirit  of  Chriil  in  their  hearts  ^ ;  and  is  ordinarily  wrought 
hy  the  miniftry  of  the  word  <^ :  by  which  alfo,  and  by  the 
adminiftration  of  the  facranients,  and  prayer,  it  is  increafed 
and  flrengthened  ^. 

II.  By  this  faith  a  Chriftian  belie veth  to  be  true  whatfo- 
ever  is  revealed  in  the  word  for  the  authority  of  God  him- 

felf 


working  in  the  meafure  of  every 
part,  maketh  increafeof  the  body, 
unto  the  edifying  of  itfelf  in  love. 

™  2  Pet.  iii.  1 8.  But  grow  in 
grace,  and  in  the  knowledge  of 
our  Lord  and  Saviour  JeliisGhrift: 
to  him  be  glory  both  now  and  for 
ever.  Amen.  2  Cor.  iii.  18.  But 
we  all  with  open  face,  beholding 
as  in  a  glafs  the  glory  of  the  Lord, 
are  changed  into  the  fame  image, 
from  glory  to  glory,  even  as  by 
the  Spirit  of  the  Lord. 

"  2  Cor.  vii.  I.  Having,  there- 
fore, thefe  promifes,  dearly  be- 
loved, letuscieanfeourfelvesfrom 
all  filthinefs  of  the  fleih  and  fpi- 
rit,  perfecting  holinefs  in  the  fear 
of  God. 

I.  *  Heb.  X.  39.  But  we  are  not 
of  them  who  draw  back  unto  per- 
dition ;  but  of  them  that  believe 
to  the  faving  of  the  foul. 

^  2  Cor.  iv.  1 3.  We  having  the 
fame  fpirit  of  faith,  according  as 
it  is  written,  I  believed,  and  there- 
fore have  I  fpoken  :  we  alfo  be- 
lieve, and  therefore  fpeak.  Eph. 
i.  1 7.  That  the  God  of  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chriil:,  the  Father  of  glory, 
may  give  unto  you  the  Spirit  of 


wifdom  and  revelation  in  the 
knowledge  of  him  :  V.  18.  The 
eyes  of  your  underftanding  being 
enlightened ;  that  ye  may  know 
what  is  the  hope  of  his  calling, 
and  what  the  riches  of  the  glory 
of  his  inheritance  in  the  faints, 
V.  19.  And  what  is  the  exceed- 
ing greatnefs  of  his  power  to  us- 
ward  who  believe,  according  to 
the  working  of  his  mighty  power. 
Eph.  ii.  8.  For  by  grace  are  ye 
faved  through  faith  ;  and  that  not 
of  yourfelves  :  .  it  is  the  gift  of 
God. 

'  Rom.  X.  14.  How  then  fliall 
they  call  on  him  in  whom  they 
have  not  believed?  and  how  fliall 
they  believe  in  him  of  whom  they 
have  not  heard?  and  how  lliall 
they  hear  without  a  preacher  ? 
V.  17.  So  then,  faith  cometh  by 
hearing,  and  hearing  by  the  word 
of  God. 

^  I  Pet.  ii.2.  As  newborn  babes, 
delire  the  fmcere  milk  of  the  word, 
that  ye  may  grow  thereby.  Acts 
XX.  32.  Andnow,brethren.  I  com- 
mend you  to  God,  and  to  the 
word  of  his  grace,  w^hich  is  able 
to  build  you  up,  and  to  give  you 

an 


88  The  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Cliap.  XlW 

felf  fpeaking  therein  «;  and  a<fl:eth  differently  upon  that  which 
each  particular  pa{ra9;e  tliereof  containeth ;  yielding  obedi- 
ence to  the  commands  f,  trembling  at  the  threatnings  £,  and 
embracing  the  promifes  of  God  for  this  life  and  that  wiiich 
is  to  come  '■.  But  the  principal  ads  of  faving  faith  are,  accept- 
ing, receiving,  and  reding  upon  Chrill  alone  for  jultitication,- 
fandildcation,  and  eternal  life,  by  virtue  of  the  covenant  of 

grace'.  ttt  t-i  • 

III.  This 


an  inheritance  among  all  them 
which  are  fanctified.  Rom.  iv.  1 1 . 
And  he  received  the  iign  of  cir- 
cunicilion,  a  feal  of  the  righte- 
oufiiels  of  the  tliith  which  he  had 
yet  being  uncircumcifed  :  that  he 
might  be  the  father  of  all  them 
that  believe,  though  they  be  not 
circumclfed ;  that  righteoufnefs 
might  be  imputed  unto  them  alfo. 
Luke  xvii.  5.  And  theapoftlesfaid 
unto  the  Lord,  Increafe  our  faith. 
Rom.  1.  16.  For  I  am  not  afliamed 
of  the  gofpel  of  Chriii :  for  it  is 
the  power  of  God  unto  falvation 
to  every  one  that  believeth,  to  the 
Jew  iirft,  and  alfo  to  the  Greek. 
V.  17.  For  therein  is  the  righte- 
cufnefs  of  God  revealed  from  faith 
to  faith :  as  it  is  written,  The  juft 
ihall  live  by  faith. 

II.  ^  John  iv.  42.  And  faidnnto 
the  woman,  Now  we  believe,  not 
becaufe  of  thy  faying ;  for  we 
have  heard  him  ourfelves,  and 
know  thatthis  is  indeed  the  Chrift, 
theSaviourof  the  world,  i  Thelf. 
ii.  13.  For  this  caufe  alfo  thank 
we  God  without  ceafmg,  becaufe 
.when  ye  received  the  word  of 
God  which  ye  heard  of  us,  ye  re- 
ceived it  not  as  the  word  of  men, 
but  (as  it  is  in  truth)  the  word  of 
God,  which  eifeclually  worketh 
alfo  in  you  that  believe,  i  John 
V.  iG.  HethatbelievethontheSon 
of  God  hath  tlie  witncfs  in  him- 
felf :  he  that  believeth  not  God, 
hath  made  him  a  lyar,  becuufe  he 


believeth  not  the  record  that  God 
gave  of  his  Son.  Acts  xxiv.  14. 
But  this  I  confefs  unto  thee,  that 
after  the  way  which  they  call  he- 
refy  fo  worfiiip  I  the  God  of  my 
fathers,  believing  all  things  which 
are  written  in  the  law  and  the  pro- 
phets. 

f  Rom.xvi.  26.  Butnowismade 
manifeft,  and  by  the  fcriptures  of 
the  prophets,  according  to  the 
commandment  of  the  everlafting 
God,  made  known  to  all  nations 
for  the  obedience  of  faith. 

^Ifa.  Ixvi. 2.  For  all thofe  things 
hathminehand  made, and  all  thofe 
things  have  been,  faith  the  Lord: 
but  to  this  man  will  I  look,  even 
to  him  that  is  poor  and  of  a  con- 
trite fpirit,  and  trembleth  at  my 
word. 

*>  Heb.  xl.  T3.  Thefe  all  died  in 
faith,  nothavingreceivedthe  pro- 
mifes, but  having  feen  them  afar 
oif,  and  were  perfuaded  of  them, 
and  embraced  them,  andconfelied 
that  they  were  ftrangers  and  pil- 
grims on  the  earth,  i  Tim.  iv.  8. 
For  bodily  exercifeprotiteth  little : 
but  godlinefs  is  profitable  unto  all 
things,  having  promife  of  the  life 
that  now  is,  and  of  that  which  is 
to  come. 

'  John  i.  12.  But  as  many  as 
received  him,  to  them  gave  he 
power  to  become  the  fons  of  God, 
even  to  them  that  belie\  e  on  his 
iK.uie.  Acl:sxvi.3i .  And  they  faid, 
Believe  on  the  Lord  Jefus  Chrift, 
and 


Chap.  XIV.  fhc  Confefioit  of  Faith.  ^  Sp 

III.  This  faith  is  difFerent  in  degi'ees,  weak  or  ftrong  >  ; 
may  be  often  and  many  ways  aiTailed  and  weakened,  but  gets 
the  victory  J ;  growing  up  in  many  to  the  attaiinnent  of  a  full 
afilirance  tlirough  Chrifl '",  who  is  both  the  author  and  finillier 
ffoui- faith  ^.  (.j^^p^ 


and  thou  flialt  be  faved,  and  thy 
houfe.  Gal.ii.  20.  I  am  crucitied 
with  Chrifl :  neverthelels  I  live  j 
yet  not  I,  but  Chrill:  liveth  in  me: 
and  the  life  which  I  now  live  in 
the  flefli  I  live  by  the  faith  of  the 
Son  of  God,  who  loved  me,  and 
gave  himfelf  for  me.  Acts  xv.  ri. 
But  we  believe  that  through  the 
grace  of  the  Lord  Jefus  Clirifl:  we 
ihall  be  {ixved.,  even  as  they. 

IILi^Heb.  V.  13.  For  every  one 
that  ufeth  milk  is  unlkilful  in  the 
word  of  righteoufnefs:  for  he  is  a 
babe.  V.  14- Hutftrongmeat  be- 
longeth  to  them  that  are  of  full 
age,  even  thofe  who  by  reafon  of 
Dfe  have  their  fenfes  exercifed  to 
difcern  both  good  and  evil.  Rom. 
•  iv.  19.  And  being  not  weak  in 
faith,  he  coniidered  not  his  own 
body  now  dead,  when  he  was 
about  an  hundred  years  old,  nei- 
ther yet  the  deadnefs  of  Sara's 
womb.  V.  20.  He  daggered  not 
at  the  promife  of  God  through 
unbelief;  but  was  llrong  in  faith, 
giving  glory  to  God.  Mat.  vi.  30. 
Wherefore,  if  God  fo  clothe  the 
grafs  of  the  field,  which  to-day 
is,  and  to-morrow  is  caft  into 
the  oven,  fliall  he  not  much  more 
clothe  you,  O  ye  of  little  faith  ? 
Mat.  viii.  10.  When  Jefus  heard 
it,  he  marvelled,  and  (aid  to  them 
that  followed,  V^erily,  I  fay  unto 
you,  1  have  not  found  fo  great 
faith,  no,  not  in  Ifrael. 

'  Luke  xxii.  31.  And  the  Lord 
fuid,  Simon.  Simon,  behold,  Satan 
hath  delired  to  have  you,  that  he 
may  fift  you  as  wheat:  V.  32.  But 


I  have  prayed  for  thee  that  thy 
faith  fail  not;  and  when  thou  art 
converted  ftrengthen  thy  bre- 
thren. Eph.  vi.  16.  Above  s»ll, 
taking  the  fliield  of  faith,  W'here- 
W'ith  ye  fliall  be  able  to  quench 
all  the  fiery  darts  of  the  wicked. 
I  John  V.  4.  For  whatfoever  is 
born  of  God  overcometh  the 
world  :  and  this  is  the  victory  that 
overcometh  the  world ,  even  (»ur 
faith.  V.5.  Who  is  he  that  over- 
cometh the  world,  but  he  that 
believeth  that  Jefus  is  the  Son  of 
God? 

"*  Heb.  vi.  IT.  And  we  defire 
that  everyone  ef  you  do  fliew  the 
fame  diligence  to  the  full  afili- 
rance of  hope  unto  the  end:  V.  12. 
That  ye  be  not  flothful,  but  fol- 
lowers of  them,  who  through 
faith  andjDatience  inherit  the  pro- 
mifes.  ifeb.  x.  22.  Let  us  c!ra\v 
near  witli  a  true  heart,  in  full 
aflurance  of  faith,  having  our 
hearts  fpruikled  from  an  evil  con- 
fcience,  and  our  bodies  waflied 
with  pure  water.  Col.  ii.  2. That 
their  hearts  might  be  comforted, 
being  knit  together  in  love,  and 
unto  all  riches  of  the  full  aflu- 
rance of  underftanding,  to  the 
acknowledgment  of  the  myftery 
of  God,  and  of  the  Father,  and 
of  Chrifl. 

"  Heb.  xii.  2.  Looking  unto  Je- 
fus, tlie  author  and  finilher  of  oui* 
faith  ;  who  for  the  joy  that  was  fet 
before  him  endured  the  crofs, 
defpiling  the  fliame,  and  is  fet 
down  at  the  right  hand  of  the 
throne  of  God. 

I.  »  Zech, 


90 


The  Cenfefion  of  Fuhh 


Chap.  XV. 


CHAP.    XV.     Of  Repentance  unto  Life, 


REpentance  unto  life  is  an  evangelical  grace  %  the  doc 
trine  whereof  is  to  be  preached  by  every  minifler  of 
the  gofpcl,  as  well  as  that  of  faith  in  Chrift  *>. 

li.  By  it  a  finner,  out  of  the  fight  and  fenfe,  not  only 
of  the  danger,  but  alio  of  the  iilrhinefs  and  odioufnefs  of 
his  fins,  as  contrary  to  the  holy  nature  and  righteous  law  of 
God,  and  upon  the  apprehcnlion  of  his  mercy  in  Chrill 
to  fuch  as  are  peniteni,  fo  grieves  for  and  hates  his  fms, 
as  to  turn  from  them  ail  unto  God  ^,  purpufaig  and  endea- 
vouring 

I.  *  Zech.  xli.  10.  And  I  will 
pour  upon  the  houfe  of  David,  and 
upon  the  inhabitants  of  Jeruialem, 
the  fpirit  of  grace  and  of  fuppli- 
cations,  and  they  Ihall  look  upon 
me  whom  they  have  pierced,  and 
they  fnali  mourn  for  him,  as  one 
mourneth  for  his  only  fon,  and 
fhall  be  in  bitternefs  for  him,  as 
one  that  is  in  bitternefs  for  his 
firit-born.  Ads  xi.  i8.  When  they 
heard  thefe  things  they  held  their 
peace,  and  glorified  God,  fay- 
ing. Then  hath  God  alfo  to  the 
Gentiles  granted  repentance  unto 
life. 

^  Luke  xxlv.  47.  And  that  re- 
pentance and  remiffion  of  lins 
Ihould  be  preached  in  his  name 
among  all  nations,  beginning  at 
Jerufalem.  Mark  i.  15.  Andfay- 
mg,  The  time  is  fulfilled,  and  the 
kingdom  of  God  is  at  hand  :  re- 
pent ye,  and  believe  the  gofpel. 
Acts  XX.  21.  Teitifying  both  to 
the  Jews,  and  alfo  to  the  Greeks, 
repentance  toward  God,  and 
faith  toward  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrill. 

II.  '^  Ezek.  xviii.  30.  Therefore 
I  will  judge  you,  O  houfe  of  If- 
rael,  every  one  according  to  his 
ways,  faith  the  Lord  God  :  repent, 
and  turn  yourfelves  from  all  your 


tranfgreffions;  fo  iniquity  fhall  not 
be  your  ruin.     V.  31.  Caft  away 
from  you  all  your  tranfgreffions, 
whereby  ye  have  tranfgreifed,  and 
make  you  a  new  heart  and  a  new 
fpirit ;    for  why  will  ye  die,    O 
houfe  of  I  frael  ?    K  zek .  xxxvi  .31. 
Then  fliall  ye  remember  your  own 
evil  ways,  and  your  doings  that 
were  not  good,    and  ihall  lothe 
yourfelves  in  your  own  fight,  for 
your  iniquities,  and  for  your  abo- 
minations.   Ifa.  XXX.  22.  Ye  (hall 
defile  alfo  the  covering  of  thy  gra- 
ven images  of  lilver,  and  the  or- 
nament of  thy  molten  images  of 
gold :  thou  ilia  It  cart  them  away 
as  a  mcnllruous.cloth;  thou  flialt 
fay  unto  it.  Get  thee  hence.    Pfal, 
li.  4.  Againrt  thee,  thee  only,  have 
I  finned,  and  done  this  evil  in  thy 
fight :  that  thou  mightert  be  jurti- 
fied  when  tiiou  fpeakeft,  and  be 
clear  when  tliou   judgeft.     Jer. 
xxxi.    18.    I    hove   furely  heard 
Kphraim  bemoaning  himfelf  thus. 
Thou  hail:  chartifed  m.e,  and  I  was 
chartifed,    as  a  buUock  unaccu- 
ftomed  to  the  yoke  :  tiu-n  thou  me, 
and  I  ftiall  be  turned  j  for  thou 
art  the  Lord  my   God.     V.  19. 
Surely  after  that  I  was  turned  I 
repented  ;  and  after  that  I  wasin- 
ftrufted  I  fmote  upon  my  thigh :  I 

was 


Chap.  XV.  7he  Confeffion  of  Faith.  91 

vouring  to  walk  with  him  in  all  the  ways  of  his  command- 
ments '' . 

III.  Although  repentance  be  not  to  be  rcrted  in,  as  any 
fatisfaflion  for  fin,  or  any  caiife  of  tJie  pardon  thereof  %  which 
is  the  ad  of  God^s  free  grace  in  ChriH  ^ ;  yet  is  it  of  fucli 

neceflity 

was  afhamed,  yea,  even  confound- 
ed, becaufe  I  did  bear  the  reproach 
of  my  youth.  Joel  ii.  12.  There- 
fore alfo  now,  faith  the  Lord, 
Turn  ye  even  to  me  with  all  your 
heart,  and  with  falling,  and  with 
weeping,  and  with  mourning. 
V.  13.  And  rend  your  heart  and 
not  your  garments,  and  turn  unto 
the  Lord  your  God  :  for  he  is  gra- 
cious and  merciful,  flow  to  anger, 
and  of  great  kindnefs,  and  re- 
penteth  him  of  the  evil.  Amos  v. 
15.  Hate  the  evil,  and  love  the 
good,  and  eftablifla  judgment  in 
the  gate  :  it  may  be  that  the  Lord 
God  of  hofts  will  be  gracious  un- 
to the  remnant  of  Jofeph.  Pfal. 
cxix.  128.  Therefore  I  eileem  all 
thy  precepts  concerning  all  things 
to  be  right ;  and  I  hate  every  falfe 
way.  2  Cor.  vii.  1 1.  For,  behold, 
this  felf-fame  thing  that  ye  for- 
rowed  after  a  godly  fort,  what 
carefulnefs  it  wrought  in  you;  yea, 
what  clearing  of  yourfelves ;  yea, 
what  indignation;  yea,  what  fear; 
yea,  what  vehement  defire ;  yea, 
what  zeal ;  yea,  what  revenge  ! 
in  all  things  ye  have  approved 
yourfelves  to  be  clear  in  this  mat- 
ter. 

d  Pfal.  cxix.  6.  Then  (hall  I  not 
be  afliamed,  when  I  have  refpecl 
unto  all  thy  commandments. 
V.  59.  I  thought  on  my  ways,  and 
turned  my  feet  unto  thy  tedim.o- 
nies.  V.  106.  1  have  fworn,  and 
I  will  perform  it,  that  I  will  keep 
thy  righteous  judgments  Luke 
i.  6.  And  they  were  both  righteous 
before  God,  walking  in  all  the 


commandments  and  ordinances  of 
the  Lord, blamelefs.  2  Kings  xxiii. 
25.  And  like  unto  him  was  there 
no  king  before  him,  that  turned  to 
the  Lord  with  all  his  heart,  and 
with  all  his  foul,  and  with  all  his 
might,  according  to  all  the  law 
of  Mofes ;  neither  after  him  arofe 
there  any  like  him. 

in.  "  Ezek.  xxxvi.  31.  Then 
fhall  ye  remember  your  own  evil 
ways,  and  your  doings  that  were 
not  good,  and  Ihall  lothe  your- 
felves in  your  own  fight,  for  your 
iniquities,  and  for  your  abomina- 
tions. V.  32.  Not  for  your  fakes 
do  I  this,  faith  the  Lord  God,  be 
it  known  unto  you  :  be  afliamed 
and  confounded  for  your  own 
ways,  O  houfe  of  Ifrael.  Ezek. 
xvi.  61.  Then  thou  (halt  remem- 
ber thy  ways,  and  be  afliamed, 
when  thou  ftialt  receive  thy  fillers, 
tifuie  elder  and  thy  younger ;  and 
I  will  give  them  unto  thee  for 
daughters,  but  not  by  thy  cove- 
nant. V.  62.  And  I  will  efta- 
bliflimy  covenant  with  thee,  and 
thou  Ihalt  know  that  I  am  the 
Lord  :  V.  63.  That  thou  mayeft 
remember  and  be  confounded, 
and  never  open  thy  mouth  any 
more  becaufe  of  thy  ihame,  when 
I  am  patiried  toward  thee  for  all 
that  thou  haft  doue,  faith  the 
Lord  God. 

*■  Hof.  xiv.  2.  Take  with  you 
words,  and  turn  to  the  Lord ;  fay 
unto  him,  Take  away  all  iniqui- 
ty, ;ind  receive  us  grac'oufly:  fo 
will  we  render  the  calves  of  our 
lips.  V.  4.  I  will  heal  their  back- 
Hiding, 


9  2  The  Confejfion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XV, 

necefTity  to  all  fmners,  that  none  may  expect  pardon  with*- 
out  it  ff. 

IV.  As  there  is  no  Im  fo  fniall  but  it  deferves  damnation  ^ ; 
^o  there  is  no  fm  fo  great^  that  it  can  bring  damnation  upon 
tliofe  who  truly  repent  ■'. 

V.  Men  ought  not  to  content  tliemfelves  with  a  general 
repentance,  but  it  is  every  man's  duty  to  endeavour  to  repent 
of  his  particular  fins  particularly  k. 


Aiding,  1  will  love  them  freely : 
for  mine  anger  is  turned  away 
from  him.  Rom.iii.24.  Being  ju- 
ftitied  freely  by  his  grace,  through 
the  redemption  that  is  in  Jefus 
Chrift.  Eph.  i.  7.  In  whom  we 
have  redemption  through  his 
blood,  the  forgivenefs  of  iins,  ac- 
rording  to  the  riches  of  his  grace. 

^  Luke  xiii.  3.  I  tell  you,  Nay: 
but  except  ye  repent,  yc  fnall  all 
likewife  perifli.  V.  5.  I  tell  you. 
Nay  :  but  except  ye  repent,  ye 
fhaU  all  likewife  perifli.  Aclsxvii. 
30.  And  the  times  of  this  ignorance 
God  winked  at;  but  now  com- 
mandeth  all  men  every  where  to 
repent:  V.  31.  Becaufe  he  hath 
appointed  a  day,  in  the  which  he 
will  judge  the  world  in  righteouf- 
nefs  by  that  man  whom  he  hath 
ordained ;  whereof  he  hath  given 
afTurance  unto  all  men,  in  that  he 
hath  raifed  him  from  the  dead. 

IV.  '^  Rom.  vi.  23.  For  the 
wages  of  fm  is  death :  but  the  gift 
of  God  is  eternal  life,  through 
Jefus  Chrift  our  Lord.  Rom.  y. 
12.  Wherefore,  aiby  one  man  fm 
entered  into  the  world,  and  death 
by  lin;  and  fo  death  palled  upon 
all  men,  for  tliat  all  have  tinned. 
Mat.  xii.  36.  But  I  fay  unto  you, 
That  every  idle  word  that  men 
flrall  fpcak,  they  (hall  give  accoimt 
thereof  in  the  day  of  judgment. 

'  Ifa.  lv.7.  Let  the  wicked  for- 
lUke  ills  way,  and  the  unrighteous 


man  his  thoughts:  and  let  him 
return  unto  the  Lord,  and  he  will 
have  mercy  upon  him,  and  to  our 
God,  for  he  will  abundantly  par- 
don. Rom.viii.  i.  There  is,  there- 
fore, now  no  condemnation  to 
them  which  are  in  Chrilt  Jefus, 
who  walk  not  after  the  tlefli,  but 
after  the  Spirit.  Ifa.  i.  i6v  Wafh 
ye,  make  ye  clean,  put  away  the 
evil  of  your  doings  from  before 
mine  eyes  J  ceafe  to  do  evil.  V.18. 
Come  now,  and  let  us  reafon toge- 
ther, faith  the  Lord  :  though  youD 
fins  be  as  fcarlet,  they  fhall  be  as 
white  asfnow;  though  theybered 
likecrimfon,  theyfliallbeaswcoL 
V.  k  pfal.  xix.  13.  Keep  back 
thy  fervant  alfo  from  prefump- 
tuous  fins,  let  them  not  have  do- 
minion over  me  :  then  fliall  I  be 
upright,  and  I  fliall  be  innocent 
from  the  great  tranfgreflion.  Luke 
xix.  8.  >5Sid  Zaccheus  ftood,  and 
faid  unto  the  Lord,  Behold,  Lord, 
the  half  of  my  goods  I  give  to  the 
poor :  and  if  1  have  taken  any 
thing  from  any  man  byfalfe  accu- 
fation,  I  rcftore  him  fourfold. 
I  Tim.  i.  13.  Who  was  before  a 
blafphemer,  and  aperfecutor,  and 
injurious.  But  I  obtained  mercy, 
becaufe  I  did  it  iguorantiy  in  im- 
belief.  V.  15.  This  is  a  faithful 
faying,  and  worthy  of  all  accep- 
tation, that  Chrift  Jefus  came  in- 
to the  world  to  fave  finnersj  of 
whom  I  am  chief. 

Vl.'Pfai; 


Giap.  XVI. 


7he  Confefion  ofFaltk 


97. 


Nl,  As  every  man  is  bound  to  make  private  confeffion  of 
his  fins  to  God,  praying  for  the  pardon  thereof  i;  upon  wJiich, 
and  the  forfaking  of  them,  he  Ihall  iind  mercy  ''■' :  fo  he  that 
(candalizeth  his  brother,  or  the  church  of  Chrift,  ought  to  be 
willing,  by  a  private  or  publick  confeffion  and  forrow  for  his 
iln,  to  declare  his  repentance  to  thofe  that  are  offended  ^ ; 
who  are  thereupon  to  be  reconciled  to  him,  and  in  love  to 
receive  him  ^. 


CHAP.     XVL     Of  Good  Works, 

GOOD  works  are  only  fuch  as  God  hath  commanded  in 
his  holy  word  %  and  not  fuch  as,  without  the  warrant 

tliere(jf; 


\l.  ^  Pfal.  li.  4-  Againft  thee, 
tfhee  only,  have  I  linned,  and  done 
this  evil  in  thy  fight  :  that  thou 
mighteft  be  juftitied  when  thou 
f^eakeft,  and  be  clear  when  thou 
judged.  V.  5.  Behold,  I  was 
fhapen  in  iniquity :  and  in  fin  did 
my  mother  conceive  me.  V.  7. 
Purge  me  with  hyflbp,  and  I  fiiall 
be  clean :  walh  me,  and  I  Ihall  be 
whiter  than  fnow.  V.  9.  Hide 
jthy  face  from  my  fins;  and  blot 
;out  all  mine  iniquities.  V.  14. 
Deliver  me  from  blood-guilti- 
nefs,  O  God,  thou  God  of  my 
falvation:  aud  my  tongue  fhall 
ling  aloud  of  thy  righteoufnefs. 
Pfal.  xxxii.  5.  I  acknowledged 
my  fin  unto  thee,  and  mine  ini- 
quity have  I  not  hid  :  I  faid,  I 
will  confefs  my  tranfgreflions  un- 
to'the  Lord  ;  and  thou  forgaveft 
the  iniquity  of  my  fin.  Selah.  V.  6. 
For  this  fhall  every  one  that  is 
godly  pray  unto  thee  in  a  time 
when  thou  mayefl  be  found  j  fnrely 
in  tile  floods  of  great  waters  they 
fhall  not  come  nigh  unto  him. 
""  Prov.  xxviii.  13.  He  fr.at  co- 
:  eth  liis  lins  (hall  not  profper : 
ii  whofo  confelieth  aiidtbrfaketh 


them  fliall  have  mercy,  i  Joliu 
i.  9.  If  we  confefs  our  fins,  he  is 
faithful  and  ju(l  to  forgive  us  our 
fins,  and  to  cleanfe  us  from  all 
unrighteoufnefs. 

.  "  James  v.  1 6.  Confefs  your  faults 
one  to  another,  and  pray  one  for 
another,  that  ye  may  be  healed : 
The  effectual  fervent  prayer  of  a 
righteous  man  availeth  much. 
Lukexvii.  3.  Take  heed  to  your- 
felves :  if  thy  brother  trefpafs  a- 
gainfl:  thee,  rebuke  him;  and  if  he 
repent,  forgive  him.  V.  4.  And  if 
he  trefpafs  againft  thee  feven  times 
in  a  day,  and  feven  times  in  a  day 
turn  again  to  thee,  faying,  I  re- 
pent; thou  fhalt  forgive  him. 
Jofh.  vii.  19.  And  Jofluia  faid  un- 
to Achan,  My  fon,  give,  I  pray 
thee,  glory  to  the  Lord  God  of 
Ifrael,  and  make  confeffion  unto 
him  ;  and  tell  me  now  what  thou 
halt  done,  hide  it  not  from  me. 
[Pfal.  li.  t/ircughout.'] 

**  2  Cor.  ii.  8.  Wherefore  I  be- 
feech  you,  that  ye  would  confirm 
your  love  towards  him. 

I.  ''Micah  vi.8.  He  hath  fiiewed 

thee,  O  man,  what  is  good ;  and 

what  doth  the  Lord  require  of 

thee, 


94  5r/;^  Confejfien  of  Faith,  Chap.  XVI. 

thereof,  are  devifed  by  men,  out  of  blind  zeal,  or  ppon  any 
pretence  of  good  intention  *>. 

11.  Thefc  good  works,  done  in  obedience  to  God's 
commandments,  are  the  fruits  and  evidences  of  a  true 
and  lively  faith  <".  and  by  them  believers  manifeft  their 
thankfulnefs  «»,    flrengthen    their  afTurance  %    edify   their 

brc- 

whkh  fhould  have  been  utterly 
deftroyed,  to  facrifice  unto  the 
Lord  thy  God  in  Gilgal.  V.  22. 
And  Samuel  faid^  Hath  the  Lord 
as  great  delight  in  burnt- offerings 
and  facrificcs  as  in  obeying  the 
voice  of  the  Lord?  Behold,  to 
obey  is  better  than  facrifice  *,  and 
to  hearhen  than  the  fat  of  rams. 
V.  23.  For  rebellion  is  as  the  fm 
of  witchcraft,  and  ftubbornnefs  is 
as  iniquity  and  idolatry  :  becaufe 
thou  haft  rejefted  the  u  ord  of  the 
Lord,  he  hath  alfo  rejected  thee 
from  being  king. 

H.  *=  James  ii.i8.  Yea,  a  man 
may  fay.  Thou  haft  faith,  and  I 
have  works  :  (hew  me  thy  faith 
without  thy  vi^orks,  and  I  will 
ftiew  thee  my  faith  by  my  works. 
V.  22.  Seeft  thou  how  faith 
wrought  with  his  works,  and  by 
works  was  faith  made  perfeft  ? 

<!  Pfal.  cxvi.  12.  What  Ihall  I 
render  unto  the  Lord  for  all  his 
benefits  towards  me?  V.  13.  I 
will  take  the  cup  of  falvation,  and 
call  upon  the  name  of  rhe  Lord. 
I  Pet.  ii.  9.  But  ye  are  a  chofen 
generation,  a  royal  priefthood.  an 
holy  nation,  a  peculiar  people  ; 
that  ye  (hould  Hiev/  forth  the 
praifes  of  him  who  hath  called 
you  out  of  darknefs  into  his  mar- 
vellous light. 

'  I  John  ii.  3.  And  hereby  we 
do  know  that  we  know  him,  if 
wekeephisconmiandments.  V.  5. 
BiK  whofo  kcepeth  his  \vord,  in 
him  verily  is  the  love  of  God  per- 
feaed: 


thee,  but  to  do  juftly,  and  to  love 
mercy,  and  to  walk  humbly  with 
thy  God?  Rom.  xii.  2.  And  be 
rot  conformed  to  this  world  : 
but  be  ye  transformed  by  the  re- 
newing of  your  mind,  that  ye 
may  prove  what  is  that  good,  and 
acceptable,  and  perfect  will  of 
God.  Heb.  xiii.  21.  Make  you 
perfect  in  every  good  work,  to  do 
his  will,  working  in  you  that 
"which  is  well-pleafuig  in  his  fight, 
through  Jefus  Chrift;  to  whom 
be  glory  for  ever  and  ever.  Amen. 
^  Mat.  XV.  9.  But  in  vain  they 
do  worfliip  me,  teaching  for  doc- 
trines the  commandments  of  men. 
Ifa.xxix.  \  3.  Wherefore  the  Lord 
faid,  Forafmuch  as  this  people 
draw  near  me  with  their  mouth, 
and  with  their  lips  do  honour  me, 
but  have  removed  their  heart  far 
from  me,  and  their  fear  towards 
jne  is  taught  by  the  precept  of 
men.  i  Pet.  i.  18.  Forafmuch  as 
ye  knowthat  ye  were  not  redeem- 
ed with  corruptible  things,  as 
lilver  and  gold,  from  your  vain 
converfation  received  by  tradi- 
tion from  yourfathers.  Rom.x.2. 
For  I  bear  them  record,  tliat  they 
have  a  zeal  of  God,  but  not 
according"  to  knowledge.  John 
xvi.  2.  They  (hall  put  you  out  of 
the  fynagogues  :  yea,  the  time 
comtth,  that  whofoevcr  killeth 
you  will  think  that  he  doeth  God 
fervice.  1  Sam.  xv.  21.  But  the 
people  took  of  the  fpoil,  Ihcep  and 
oxen,    the  chief  pf  the  things 


Chap.  XVI. 


7he  Confejjlon  ef  Faith, 


95 


brethren  %  adorn  the  profefHon  of  the  gofpel  r,  flop  the 
mouths  of  the  adverfaries  >>,  and  glorify  God  «,  whofe  work- 
maniliip  they  are,  created  in  Chrift  Jefus  thereunto  ^  ;  that, 
having  their  fruit  unto  holinefs,  they  may  have  the  end  eter- 

^^^^^'-  III.  Their 


fecled  :  hereby  know  we  that  we 
are  in  him.  2  Pet.  1.5.  And  befides 
this,  giving  all  diligence,  add  to 
your  faith,  virtue;  and  to  virtue, 
knowledge  j  V.  6.  And  to  know- 
ledge, temperance  ;  and  to  tem- 
perance, patience;  and  to  pa- 
tience, godlinefs  ;  V.  7.  And  to 
godlinefs,  brotherly  kindnefs;  and 
to  brotherly  kindnefs,  charity. 
V.  8.  For  if  thefe  things  be  in  you, 
and  abound,  they  make  you  that 
ye  ftiall  neither  be  barren  nor  un- 
fruitful in  the  knowledge  of  our 
Lord  Jefus  Chrift.  V.  9.  But  he 
that  lackcth  thefe  things  is  blind, 
and  cannot  fee  far  off,  and  hath 
forgotten  that  he  was  purged  from 
his  old  (ins.  V.  ro.  Wherefore  the 
rather,  bretiiren,  give  diligence 
to  make  your  calling  and  eleftion 
,  fure  :  for  if  ye  do  thefe  things  ye 
\  ihall  never  fall. 

!  *■  2  Cor.  ix.  2.  For  I  know  the 
forwardnefs  of  your  mind,  for 
which  I  boaft  of  you  to  them  of 
Macedonia,  that  Achaia  was  ready 
a  year  ago ;  and  your  zeal  hath 
provoked  very  many.  Mat.v.  1 6. 
Let  your  light  folhine  before  men, 
that  they  may  fee  your  good 
works,  and  glorify  your  Father 
whi^h  is  in  heaven. 

^  Tit.  ii.  5.  Fo  be  difcreet, 
chafte,  keepers  at  home,  good, 
obedient  to  their  own  hufbands, 
that  the  word  of  Ck)d  be  not  blaf- 
phemed.  V.  9.  Exhort  fervancs 
to  be  obedient  unto  their  own 
mafters,  ^nd  to  pleafe  them  well 
ill  all  things;  not  anfwering  again; 
.  y.  10.  Not  purloining,  but  Ihew- 


ing  all  good  fidelity;  that  they 
may  adorn  the  doftrine  of  God 
our  Saviour  in  all  things.  V.ii. 
For  the  grace  of  God  that  bring- 
eth  falvation  hath  appeared  to  all 
men;  V.  12.  Teaching  us  that, 
denying  ungodlinefs  and  worldly 
lufts,  we  lliould  live  foberly,  righ- 
teoufly,  and  godly,  in  this  prefent 
world.  I  Tim.  vi.  i.  Let  as  many 
fervants  as  are  under  the  yoke 
count  their  o  Vv-n  mailers  worthy  of 
all  honour;  that  the  name  of  God 
and  his  doctrine  be  notblafphemed. 
^  1  Pet.  ii.  15.  For  fo  is  the  will 
of  God,  that  with  well-doing  ye 
may  put  to  lilence  the  ignorance 
of  foolifh  men. 

'  I  Pet.  ii.  12.  Having  your 
converfation  honeft  among  the 
Gentiles:  that  whereas  they  fpeak 
againft  you  as  evil-doers,  tliey 
may,  by  your  good  works  which 
they  Ihall  behold,  glorify  God  in 
the  day  of  vihtation.  Phil.  i.  11. 
Being  filled  with  the  fruits  of 
righteoufnefs,  which  are  by  Jefus 
Chriil  unto  the  glory  and  praife 
of  God.  John  xv.  8.  Hei-eai  is 
my  Father  glorified,  that  ye  bear 
much  fruit,  fo  Ihall  ye  be  my 
difciples. 

^  Fph.  ii.  10.  For  we  are  his 
workmanniip,  created  in  Chrift 
Jefus  unto  good  works,  which 
God  hath  before  ordained  thai 
we  (hou'.d  walk  in  them. 

'  Rom.  vi.  22.  But  now  being 
nfade  free  from  lin,  and  become 
fervants  to  God,  ye  iiave  your 
fruit  unto  holinefs,  and  the  end 
everlafthig  life, 

in.  ™John 


^9^ 


The  Confcfion  of  Faith.  Chap.  Xn, 


III.  Their  ability  to  do  good  works  is  not  at  all  of  tlitirj- 
felves,  but  wholly  from  the  Spirit  of  Chrift  ^.  And  tiiat  ilicy 
may  be  enabled  thereunto,  befides  the  graces  they  have  al- 
ready received,  there  is  required  an  actual  influence  of  the 
fame  Holy  Spirit  to  work  in  them  to  will  and  to  do  of  his 
good  pleaiure  " :  yet  are  they  not  hereupon  to  gi-ow  negii- 
gent,  as  if  they  were  not  bound  to  perform  any  duty  iinlefs 
upon  a  fpecial  motion  of  the  Spirit ;  but  they  ought  to  be 
diligent  in  llirring  up  the  grace  of  God  that  is  in  them  °. 

IV.  They 


III.  ""John  XV.  4.  Abide  in  me, 
and  I  in  you.  As  the  branch  can- 
not bear  fruit  of  itfelf,  except  it 
abide  in  the  vine  ;  no  more  can 
ye,  except  ye  abide  in  me.  V.  5. 
I  am  the  vine,  ye  are  the  branches: 
he  that  abideth  in  me,  and  I  in 
liim,  the  fame  bringeth  forth  much 
fruit :  for  without  me  ye  can  do 
nothing.  V.  6.  If  a  man  abide 
not  in  me,  he  is  cafl  forth  as  a 
branch,  and  is  withered ;  and  men 
gather  them,  and  caft  them  into 
the  fire,  and  they  ♦are  burned. 
Ezelc.xxxvi.26.  Anew  heart  alfo 
will  I  give  you,  and  a  new  fpirit 
will  I  put  within  you;  and  I  will 
take  away  the  ftony  heart  out  of 
your  flefli,  and  1  will  give  you  an 
heart  of  flefti.  V.  27.  And  I  will 
put  my  Spirit  within  you,  and 
caufe  you  to  walk  in  my  itatutes, 
and  ye  Ihall  keep  my  judgments, 
and  do  them. 

"  Philip,  ii.  13.  For  it  is  God 
which  worketh  in  you  both  to 
will  and  to  do  of  his  good  plca- 
fure.  Phil.  iv.  13.  I  can  do  all 
things  through  Chrift,  which 
ftrengthen^h  me.  2  Cor.  iii.  5. 
Not  that  we  are  fufficient  of  our- 
felves  to  think  any  thing  as  of 
curfelves :  but  our  fufficiency  is 
of  God. 

°  Phil.  ii.  12.  Wherefore,  my 
beloved,  as  ye  have  always  obey- 
ed, not  as  in  my  prefence  only,  but 


now  much  more  in  my  abfence ; 
work  out  your  own  falvation  with 
fear  and  trembling.  .  licb.  vi.  11. 
And  we  delire  that  every  one  of 
you  do  fliew  the  fame  diligence 
to  the  full' aifurance  of  hope  unto 
the  end  :  ^^  12.  That  ye  be  not 
flothfiil,  but  followers  of  them 
who  through  faith  and  patience 
inherit  the  promifes.  2  Pet.  i.  3. 
According  as  his  divine  power 
liath  given  unto  us  all  things  that 
pertain  unto  life  and  godlinefs, 
through  the  knowledge  of  hini. 
that  hath  called  us  to  glory  and 
virtue.  V.  5.  And  befides  this, 
giving  all  diligence,  add  to  your 
faith,  virtue ;  and  to  virtue, know- 
ledge. V.  10.  Wherefore  the  ra- 
ther, brethren,  give  diligence  to 
idke  your  calling  and  election 
fure  ;  for  if  ye  do  thefe  things  ye 
Hiall  never  fall  :  V.  1 1 .  For  To  aa 
entrance  Ihall  be  minlllered  unto 
you  abundantly  into  the  everlatt- 
ing  kingdom  of  our  Lord  and  Sa- 
viour Jefus  Chrift.  Ifa.  Ixiv.  7. 
And  there  is  none  that  calleth  up- 
on thy  name,  that  ftirreth  up  him- 
felf  to  take  hold  of  thee  :  for  thoa 
haft  hid  thy  face  from  us,  and  haft 
confumed  us,  becaufe  of  our  ini- 
quities. 2  Tim.  i.  6.  Wherefore 
1  put  thee  in  remembrance,  that' 
thou  ftir  up  the  gift  of  Gvd  whicli 
is  in  thee,  by  the  putting  on  of 
my  hands,  A^sxxvi.  6.  And  now 
I  ftuud,. 


Cliap.XVI. 


The  Confejfion  of  Faith, 


97 

IV.  They  who  in  their  obedience  attain  to  the  greatefl: 
height  which  is  pofTible  in  this  life,  are  fo  far  from  being  able 
to  I'upercrogate  and  to  do  more  than  God  requires,  that 
they  fiill  ihort  of  much  which  in  duty  they  are  bound  to  do  v, 

V.  We  cannot,  by  our  beft  works,  merit  pardon  of  fm,  or 
eternal  life,  at  the  hand  of  God,  by  reafon  of  the  great  dil- 
proportion  that  is  between  them  and  the  glory  to  come,  and 
the  infinite  diflance  that  is  between  us  and  God,  whom  by 
them  we  can  neiiher  profit,  nor  fatisfy  for  the  debt  of  our 
former  fins  i ;  but  when  we  have  done  all  we  can,  we  have 

done 


\  ftand,  and  am  judged  for  the 
hope  of  the  promife  made  of  God 
unto  our  fathers:  V.  7.  Unto 
which  promife  our  twelve  tribes, 
inftantly  ferving  God  day  and 
night,  hope  to  come  ;  for  which 
hope*s  fake,  kingAgrippa,  lam 
accufed  of  thejews.  Jude,  Ver.20. 
But  ye,  beloved,  building  up  your- 
fclves  on  your  moll  holy  faith, 
praying  in  the  Holy  Ghofl,  V.  2  f . 
Ke,ep  yourfelves  in  the  love  of 
God,  looking  for  the  mercy  of 
our  Lord  Jefus  Chrift  unto  eter- 
.  nal  life. 

IV.  P  Luke  xvil.  10.  So  like- 
.wife  ye,  when  ye  (liall  have  done 
-all  thofe  things  which  are  com- 
manded yon,  fay,  We  are  unpro- 
fitable fervants :  we  have  done 
that  which  was  our  duty  to  do. 
Neh.  xiii.  22.  And  I  commanded 
-the  Levites,  that  they  fhould 
cleanfe  themfelves,  and  that  they 
fliould  come  and  keep  the  gates, 
to  fanclify  the  fabbath-day.  Re- 
member me,  Omy  God,  concern- 
ing this  alfo,  and  fpare  me  ac- 
cording 10  the  greatnefs  of  thy 
mercy.  Job  ix.  2.  1  know  it  is  fo 
of  a  truth  :  but  how  rtiould  man 
be  juft  with  God  ?  V.  3.  If  he  will 
contend  with  him,  he  cannot  an- 
fwer  him  one  of  a  thoufand.  Gal. 
V.  17.  For  the  flelh  luileth  againft 


the  fpirit,  and  the  fpirit  againft 
the  flefli :  and  thefe  are  contrary 
the  one  to  the  other ;  fo  that 
ye  cannot  do  the  tilings  that  ye 
would. 

V.  •>  Rom.  iii.  20.  Therefore  by 
the  deeds  of  the  law  there  fhall 
no  flefh  be  jufliified  in  his  fight :  for 
by  the  law  is  the  knowledge  of 
fm.  Rom.  iv.  2.  For  if  Abraham 
were  juftified  by  works,  he  hath 
whereof  to  glory,  but  not  before 
God.  V.  4.  Now,  to  him  that 
worketh  is  the  reward  not  reckon- 
ed of  grace,  but  of  debt.  V.  6, 
Even  as  David  alfo  defcribeth  the 
blefleducfs  of  the  man  unto  whom 
God  imputeth  righteoufnefs  with- 
out works.  Eph.  ii.  8.  For  by 
grace  are  ye  faved  through  faith ; 
and  that  not  of  yourfelves  :  it  is 
the  gift  of  God.  V.  9.  Not  of 
works,  lelt  any  man  fliould  boaft. 
Tit.  iii.  5.  Not  by  works  of  righ- 
teoufnefs which  we  have  done, 
but  according  to  his  mercy  he  fa- 
ved us,  by  the  wafhing  of  regene- 
ration, and  renewing  of  tiieHoly 
Ghotl;  V.6.Whichheflied  onus 
abundantly,  through  Jefus  Chrift 
our  Saviour  :  V.  7.  That  being 
juftified  by  his  grace,  welhould  be 
made  heirs  according  to  the  hope 
of  eternal  life.  Rom.  viii.  18.  For 
I  reckon  that  the  fufferings  of  this 
^  rrefent 


^  The  Confefion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XVT. 

done  but  our  duty,  and  are  unprofitable  fervants  '• ;  and  be- 
caufe,  as  they  are  o'ood,  they  proceed  from  his  Spirit  ' ;  and, 
as  they  are  wrouoht  by  us,  they  are  defiled  and  mixed  with 
fo  much  wcaknefs  and  imperfeciion,  that  they  cannot  endure 
the  feverity  of  GocPs  judgment «. 

VI.  Yet,  notwithftanding,  the  perfons  of  believers  being  ac- 
cepted through  Chriil:,  their  good  works  alfo  are  accepted  in 
him  ';  not  as  though  they  were  in  this  life  wholly  unblame- 

able 


prefcnt  time  are  not  worthy  to  be 
compared  with  tlie  glory  which 
fliallbe  revealed  in  us.  Pral.xvi.2. 
O  my  foul,  thou  haft  faid  unto 
the  Lord,  Thou  art  my  Lord :  my 
goodnefs  extendeth  not  to  thee. 
Job  xxii.  2.  Can  a  man  be  profit- 
able unto  God,  as  he  that  is  wife 
may  be  profitable  untohimfelf? 
V.  3.  Is  it  any  pleafure  to  the 
Almighty  that  thou  art  righceous  ? 
or  is  it  gain  to  him  that  thou  ma- 
keft  thy  ways  perfeft?  Job  xxxv.  7 . 
If  thou  be  righteous,  what  givefl 
thou  him  ?  or  what  receiveth  he 
of  thine  hand?  V.  8.  Thy  wicked- 
uefs  may  hurt  a  man  as  thou  art, 
and  thy  righteoufnefs  may  profit 
the  fon  of  man. 

*■  Luke  XV ii.  10.  [^See  letter^ in 
this  Chapter.'] 

*  Gal.  V.  22.  But  the  fruit  of 
the  Spirit  is  love,  joy.  peace,  long- 
fuffering,  gentlenefs,  goodnefs, 
faith,  V .  2  3.  Meeknefs,  temper- 
ance :  againft  fuch  there  is  no 
law. 

^  Ifa.  Ijciv.  6.  But  we  are  all  as 
an  unclean  thing,  and  all  our  righ- 
teoufnelTes  are  as  filthy  r^gs,  and 
we  all  do  fade  as  a  leaf,  and  our 
iniquities,  like  the  wind,  have  ta- 
ken us  iiway.  Gal.  v.  17.  For  the 
fieih  ludeth  againft  the  fpirit,  and 
the  fpirit  againll  the  flefli  :  and 
thefe  are  contrary  the  one  to  the 
other  ;  fo  that  ye  cannot  do  the 
things  that  ye  would.  Rom.vii.  15. 


For  that  which  I  do,  I  allow  not: 
for  what  I  would,  that  do  I  not ; 
but  what  I  hate,  that  do  L  V.  1 8. 
I  know  that  in  me  (that  is.  in  my 
fleHi)  dwelleth  no  good  thing  : 
for  to  will  is  prefent  with  me,  but 
how  to  perform  that  which  is 
good  I  find  not.  Pfal.  cxliii.  2. 
And  enter  not  into  judgment  with 
thy  ftrvant :  for  in  thy  fight  fhall 
no  man  living  be  juftified.  Pfal. 
cxxx.  3.  If  thou,  Lord,  (liouldeft 
mark  iniquities,  O  Lord,  who 
fliall  ftand  ? 

VI.  ^Eph.  i.  6.  To  the  praife 
of  the  glory  of  his  grace,  wherein 
he  hath  made  us  accepted  in  the 
Beloved,  i  Pet.  ii.  5.  Ye  alfo,  as 
lively  ftones,  are  built  up  a  fpiri- 
tual  houfe,  an  holy  prieithood,  to 
offer  up  fpiritual  facrifices,  ac- 
cef>table  to  God  by  Jefus  Chrift. 
Exod.  xxviii.  38.  And  it  fliall  he 
upon  Aaron'sforehead,  that  Aaron 
may  bear  the  iniquity  of  the  holy 
thmgs,  which  the  children  of  If- 
rael  ihall  hallow  in  all  their  holy 
gifts  :  and  it  fliall  be  alw  ays  upon 
his  forehead,  that  they  may  be 
accepted  before  the  Lord.  Gen. 
iv.  4-  And  Abel,  he  alfo  brought 
of  the  firlllings  of  his  tlock,  and  of 
the  fat  thereof,  and  the  Lord  had 
refpecl  unto  Abel,  and  to  his  of- 
fering. With  Heb.  xi.  4-  By  faith 
Abel  offered  unto  God  a  more 
excellent  facrifice  than  Cain,  by 
which  he  obtained  witnefs  that 

he 


Giap.  XVr.  7he  ConfeJJion  c/  Faith.  . 99 

able  and  unreproveable  in  God's  fight  ^  but  tbathe,  looking 
upon  them  in  his  Son,  is  pltafed  to  accept  and  reward  that 
which  is  fincere,  although  accompanied  with  many  weaknclfes 
and  imperfedions  ^. 

VII.  Works  done  by  unregenerate  men,  although,  for  the 
matter  ^  them,  they  may  be  tilings  which  God  commands, 
and  of  good  ule  both  to  themlelves  and  others  y :  yet,  becaufe 

they 


he  was  rigliteoiis,  God  tcflifying 
■of  his  g'fts;  and  by  it  he  being 
dead  yet  fpeaketh. 

'^^  Job  ix.  20.  If  I  jiiftifymyfelf, 
mine  own  month  fliall  condemn 
me  :  if  I  fay,  I  am  perfect,  it  fhall 
alfo  prove  me  pcrverfe.  Pfal. 
cxliii.  2.  And  enter  not  into  judg- 
ment with  thy  fervant :  for  in  thy 
fight  Ihall  no  man  living  be  juftified. 

"  Heb.  xiii.  20.  Now,  the  God 
of  peace,  that  brouglit  again  from 
the  dead  our  Lord  Jefus,  that  great 
Shepherd  of  the  fliecp,  through 
the  blood  of  the  everlafting  cove- 
nant, V.  21.  Make  you  perfect  in 
every  good  work  to  do  his  will, 
working  in  you  that  which  is 
well-pleafing  in  his  fight,  through 
Jefus  Ghrift  ;  to  whom  be  glory 
for  ever  and  ever.  Amen.  2  Cor. 
viii.  12.  Forif  there  be  firft  a  will- 
ing mind,  it  is  accepted  according 
to  that  a  man  hath,  and  not  ac- 
cording to  that  he  hath  not.  Heb. 
vi.  10.  For  God  is  not  unrigh- 
teous to  forget  your  work  and  la- 
bour of  love,  which  ye  have  fliew- 
ci\  toward  his  name,  in  that  ye 
have  miniftered  to  the  faints,  and 
do  minifter.  Mat.  xxv.  21.  His 
lord  faid  unto  him.  Well  done, 
thou  good  and  faithful  fervant; 
thou  hall  been  faixbful  over  a  few 
things,  I  will  make  thee  ruler 
over  many  things :  enter  thou  into 
the  joy  of  thy  lord.  V.  23.  His 
lord  faid  unto  him.  Well  done, 
good  and  faithful  f(irvant3  thou 


haft  been  faithful  over  a  few 
things,  I  will  make  thee  ruler 
over  many  things :  enter  thou  into 
the  joy  of  thy  lord. 

VII.  ^  2  Kings  X.  30.  And  the 
Lord  faid  unto  Jehu,  Becaufe  thou, 
haft  done  well  in  executing  that 
which  is  right  in  mine  eyes,  and 
haft  done  unto  the  houfe  of  Ahab 
according  to  all  that  was  in  mine 
heart,  thy  children  of  the  fourth 
generation  fhall  fit  on  t!;e  throne 
of  Ifrael.  V.  31.  But  Jehu  took 
no  heed  to  walk  in  the  law  of  the 
Lord  God  of  Ifrael  with  all  his 
heart :  for  he  departed  not  from 
the  fins  of  Jeroboam,  which  made 
Ifrael  to  lin.  i  Kings  xxi.  27- 
And  it  came  to  pafs,  when  Ahab 
heard  thofe  words,  that  he  rent 
his  clothes,  and  put  fackcloth  up- 
on his  flefh,  and  failed,  and  lay  in 
fackcloth,  and  went  foftly.  V.  29- 
Seeft  thou  how  Ahab  humblcth 
himfelf  before  me .''  becaufe  he 
humbleth  himfelf  before  me,  X 
will  not  bring  the  evil  in  his  days : 
but  in  his  fon's  days  will  I  bring 
the  evil  upon  his  houfe.  Phil. 
i.  15.  Some  indeed  preach  Chrilt 
even  of  envy  and  ftrife  ;  and  fome 
alfo  of  good  wilL  V.  16.  The 
one  preach  Chrift  of  contention, 
not  fincerely,  fuppofing  to  add  af- 
fliction to  my  bonds.  V .  18.  What 
then  ?  notwithftanding  every  way, 
whether  in  pretence  or  in  truth, 
Chrift  is  preached  ;  and  I  therein 
do  rejoice,  yea,  and  will  rejoice. 
E  2  »  Gen. 


100  The  Confcfio7i  of  Faith,  Chap.  XVT. 

they  proceed  not  from  an  heart  purified  by  faith  ^ ;  nor  arc 
done  in  a  right  manner,  according  to  the  word  • ;  nor  to  a 
right  end,  the  glory  of  God  »>;  they  are  there-fore  fmful,  and 
cannot  pleafe  God,  or  jnake  a  man  meet  to  receive  grace 
from  God  ^.  And  yet  tlieir  negled  of  them  is  more  nnful, 
•and  difpleafmg  unto  God  =«-  '-CHAP 


'Gen.  iv.  5.  But  unto  Cain,  and 
to  his  offering,  he  hail  not  refpe^L 
And  Cain  was  very  wroth,  and 
his  countenance  fell.  With  Heb. 
xi.  4.  By  faith  Abel  offered  unto 
God  a  more  excellent  facritice  than 
"Cain,  by  which  he  obtained  wit- 
nefs  that  he  was  righteous,  God 
teftifying  of  his  gifts;  and  by  it 
he  being  dead  yet  fpeaketh.  V.  6. 
But  without  faith  it  is  impolfible 
to  pleafe  him  :  for  he  that  cometh 
to  God  «)uin;  believe  that  he  is, 
and  that  he  is  a  rewarder  of  them 
that  diligently  feek  him. 

*  I  Cor.  xiii.  3.  And  though  I 
beftow  all  my  goods  to  feed  the 
poor,  and  though  I  give  my  body 
to  be  burned,  and  have  not  cha- 
rity, it  profiteth  me  nothing.  Ifa. 
j.  12.  When  ye  come  to  appear 
before  me,  who  hath  required  this 
at  your  hand  to  tread  my  courts? 

*>  Mat.vi.  2.  Therefore,  when 
thou  doft  thine  almsy  do  not  found 
a  trumpet  before  thee,  as  the  hy- 
pocrites do,  in  the  fynagogues, 
and  in  the  ftreets,  that  they  may 
have  glory  of  men.  Verily,  I  fay 
unto  you,  They  have  their  re- 
\vard.  V.  5.  And  when  thou 
prayed,  thou  ihalt  not  be  as  the 
hypocrites  are:  for  they  love  to 
pray  Itandiiiig  in  the  fynagogues, 
and  in  the  corners  of  the  f^reets, 
that  they  may  be  feen  of  men. 
Verily,  1  fay  unto  you,  They  have 
their  reward.  V.  j6.  Moreover, 
when  ye  faft,  be  not  as  the  hypo- 
crites, of  a  fad  countenance :  for 
they  disfigure  their  faces,  that  they 


may  appear  unto  men  to  faft. 
Verily,  I  fay  unto  you,  They  have 
their  reward. 

^  Hag.  ii.  14.  Then  anfwered 
Haggai,  and  (aid,  So  is  this  people, 
and  fo  is  this  nation  before  me, 
faith  the  Lord ;  and  fo  is  every 
work  of  their  hands,  and  that 
which  they  oifer  there  Is  unclean. 
Tit.  i.  15.  Unio  the  pure  all  things 
are  pure  :  but  unto  them  that  are 
defiled  and  unbelieving  is  no- 
thing pure;  but  even  their  mind 
and  confcience  is  defiled.  Amos 
V.  2  1.  I  hate,  Idefpifeyourfeaft- 
days,  and  I  will  not  fmell  in  your 
folemnalfemblies.  V.  22.  Though 
ye  offer  me  burnt-oflcrings,  and 
your  meat-offerings,  I  will  not  ac- 
cept them;  neither  will  1  regard 
the  peace-offerings  of  your  fat 
beafls.  Hofea  i.  4.  And  the  Lord 
faid  unto  him,  Call  his  name  Jez- 
reel ;  for  yet  a  little  while,  and  I 
will  avenge  the  blood  of  Jezreel 
upon  the  houfe  of  Jehu,  and  will 
caufe  to  ceafe  the  kingdom  of  the 
houfe  of  Ifrael.  Rom.  ix.  16.  So 
then,  it  is  not  of  him  that  willeth, 
nor  of  him  that  runneth,  but  of 
God  that  (heweth  mercy.  Tit. 
iii.  5.  Not  by  works  of  righteouf- 
nefs  which  we  have  done,  but  ac- 
cording to  his  mercy  he  faved  us, 
by  the  wafliing  of  regeneration, 
and  renewing  of  the  Holy  Gholl:. 
<*  Pfal.  xiv.  4-  Have  all  the  work- 
ers of  iniquity  no  knowledge  ? 
who  eat  up  my  people  as  they  eat 
bread,  and  call  not  upon  the  Lord, 
rfal.  xxxvi.  3.  The  words  of  )iis 
mouth 


Chap.  XVII.  ne  Confefion  of  Faith.  i<^* 

CHAP.    XVir.    Of  the  Ptrfeverancc  oftl>e  Saints. 

THEY  whom  God  hath  accepted  in  his  Beloved,  ci^tc^ 
lually  called  and  faiiditied  by  his  Spirit,  can  neither 
totally  nor  finaily  fall  away  from  the  (late  of  grace;  but  ihall 
certainly  perievere  therein  to- the  tndy  and  be  eternally  faved  ^, 
l\.  This  peifeverance  of  the  famts  depends  not  upon  their 
own  free  will,  but  upon  the  immutability  of  the  decree  of 
cle(5lion,  flowing  from  the  free  and  unchangeable  love  of  God 
the  Father  ''  f  upon  the  eiScacy  of  the  merit  and  interceilioa 

of 


mouth  are  iniquity  and  deceit :  he 
hath  left  off  to  be  wife,  and  to  do 
good.  Job  xxi.  14-  Therefore 
they  fay  unto  God,  Depart  from 
lis;  for  we  defire  not  the  know- 
ledge of  thy  ways.  V.  15.  What 
is  the  Almighty,  that  we  fliould 
ferve  him  ?  and  what  profit  fliould 
we  have  if  we  pray  unto  him  ? 
Mat.  XXV.  41.  Then  fliali.  he  fay 
alfo  unto  them  on  the  left  hand, 
Depart  from  me,  ye  curfed,  into 
everlafting  fire,  prepared  for  the 
devil  and  his  angels.  V.  42.  For 
I  was  an  hungered,  and  ye  gave 
me  no  meat ;  1  was  thirfty,  and  ye 
gave  me  no  drink  j  V.  43.  I  was 
a  ftranger,  and  ye  took  me  not  in  j 
naked,  and  ye  clothed  me  not; 
fick,  and  in  prifon,  and  ye  vifited 
me  not.  V.  45.  Then  fnall  he  an- 
fwer  them,  faying,  Verily,  I  fay 
unto  you,  In  as  much  as  ye  did  it 
not  to  one  of  the  lead  of  thefe,  ye 
did  it  not  to  me.  Mat.  xxiii.  23. 
Woe  unto  you,  fcribes  and  Pha- 
rifees,  hypocrites!  for  ye  pay  tithe 
of  mint,  and  anife,  and  cummin, 
and  ha\'e  oiuittcd  the  weightier 
matters  of  the  law,  judgment, 
mercy,  and  faith  ;  thefe  ought  ye 
to  have  done,  and  not  to  leave  the 
other  undone. 

I.  *  Phil.  i.  6.  Being  confident 
of  this  very  thing,  that  he  which 
hath  begun  a  good  work  in  you, 


will  perform  it  until  the  day  of 
Jefus  Chrift.  2  Pet.  i.  10.  Where- 
fore the  rather,  brethren,  give  di- 
ligence to  make  your  calling  and 
election  fure  :  for  if  ye  do  thefe 
things  ye  (hall  never  fall.  John 
X.  28.  And  I  give  unto  them  eter- 
nal life,  and  they  (hall  never  pe- 
rifh,  neither  fhall  any  pluck  tkem 
outofmyhand.  V.  29.  My  Father 
which  gave  them  me  is  greater 
than  all :  and  none  is  able  to  pluck 
them  out  of  my  Father's  hand. 
I  Johniii.  9.  Whofoeverisbornof 
God  doth  not  commit  fin,  for  his 
feed  remaineth  in  him:  and  he 
cannot  fin,  becaufe  he  is  born  of 
God.  1  Pet.  i.  5.  Wi'io  are  kept 
by  the  power  of  God  through  faith 
unto  falvation,  ready  to  be  reveal- 
ed in  the  laft  time.  V.  9.  Recei- 
ving the  end  of  your  faith,  even 
the  falvation  of  your  fouls. 

11.  •>  2  Tim.  i'i.  18.  Who  con- 
cerning the  truth  have  erred,  fay- 
ing, That  the  refurreftion  is  pad 
already;  and  overthrow  the  faith 
offome.  V.  19.  Neverthelefs,  the 
foundation  of  God  ftandeth  fure, 
having  thisfeal.  The  Lord  know- 
eth  them  that  are  his.  And,  Let 
every  one  that  nameth  the  name 
of  Chriil  depart  from  iniquity. 
Jer.  xxxi.  3.  The  Lord  hath  ap- 
peared of  old  unto  me,  faying. 
Yea,  I  have  loved  thee  with  au 
E  3  ever- 


102 


The  Confefjlon  of  Faith, 


Chap.  XVII. 


of  JefusChrifl: 

of  God  within  them''; 


« ;  the  abiding 


and 


cverlafting  love:  therefore  with 
loving- kindnefs  have  I  drawn  thee. 
•=  Heb.  X.  lo.  By  the  which  will 
"we  are  fanaified,  through  the  of- 
fering of  the  body  of  Jefus  Chrift 
once  for  all.     V.  14.  For  by  one 
otrering  he  hath  perfected  for  ever 
them  that  arefanaified.  Heb.xiii. 
20.  Now,  the  God  of  peace,  that 
brought  again  from  the  dead  our 
Lord  Jefus,  that  great  Shepherd 
of  the  fheep,  through  the  blood  of 
the  everlafting  covenant,    V.  2 1 . 
JVIake  you  perfeft  in  every  good 
work,  to  do  his  will,  working  in 
you  that  which  is  well-pleafing  in 
his  fight  through  Jefus  Chrift;  to 
whom  be  glory  for  ever  and  ever. 
Amen.     Heb.  ix.  12.  Neither  by 
the  blood  of  gnats  and  calves,  but 
by  his  own  blood,  he  entered  in 
once  into  the  holy  place,  having 
obtained  eternal  redemption  for 
us.     V.  13.  For  if  the  blood  of 
bulls,  and  of  goats,  and  the  allies  of 
an  heifer,  fprinkling  the  unclean, 
fan6lifieth  to  the  purifying  of  the 
fleOi;    V.  14.  How  much  more 
Ihall  the  blood  of  Chrift,   who 
through  the  eternal  Spirit  offered 
himleifv^'ithoutfpot  to  God,  purge 
your  confcience  from  dead  works 
to  fcrve  the  living  God.''     V.  15.' 
And  for  this  caufe  he  is  the  Me- 
diator of  the  new  teftament,  that 
by  means  of  death,  for  the  re- 
demption of  the  tranfgreflions  that 
were  under  the  firft  teftament, 
they  svhich  are  called  might  re- 
ceive the  promife  of  eternal  inhe- 
ritance.   Rom.  viii.  33.  Who  fliall 
lay  any  thing  to  the  charge  of  God*s 
elect?    It   is  God  that  juftifieth  : 
V.  34.  Who  is  he  that  condemn- 
eth?  It  is  Chrift  that  died,  yea 
rather,  that  is  rifen  again,  who  is 


of  the  Spirit,  and  of  the  {^^di 
the  nature   of  the  covenant 

of 
even  at  the  right  hand  of  God, 
who  alfo  maketh  interceflion  for 
us.  V.  35.  Who  fliall  feparate  us 
from  the  love  of  Chrift?  fliall  tri- 
bulation, or  diftrefs,  or  pcrfecu- 
tion,  or  famine,  or  nakednefs,  or 
peril,  or  fvvord  ?  V.  36.  (As  it  is 
written,  For  thy  fake  we  are  kill- 
ed all  the  day  long;  we  are  ac- 
counted as  flieep  for  the  flaugh- 
ter.)  V.  37.  Nay,  in  all  thefe 
things  we  are  more  than  con- 
querors, through  him  that  loved 
us.  V.  38.  For  I  am  perfuaded, 
that  neither  death,  nor  life,  nor 
angels,  nor  principalities,  nor 
powers,  nor  things  prefent,  nor 
tbjngstocorae,  V.  39.  Nor  height, 
nor  depth,  nor  any  other  creature, 
fliall  be  able  to  feparate  us  from 
the  love  of  God,  which  is  in  Chrift 
Jefus  our  Lord.  John  xvii.  11. 
And  now  I  am  no  more  in  the 
world;  but  thefe  are  in  the  world, 
and  I  come  to  thee.  Holy  Father, 
keep  through  thine  own  name 
thofe  whom  thou  haft  given  me, 
that  they  may  be  one,  as  we  are. 
V.  24.  Father,  I  will  that  they 
alfo,  whom  thou  haft  given  me, 
be  with  me  where  I  am;  that 
they  may  behold  my  glory  which 
thou  haft  given  me :  for  thou  lo- 
vcdft  me  before  the  foundation  of 
the  world.  Luke  xxii.  32.  But  I 
have  prayed  for  thee  that  thy 
faith  fail  not ;  and  when  thou  art 
converted  ftrengthen  thy  bre- 
thren. Heb.  vii.  25.  Wherefore 
he  is  able  alfo  to  fave  them  to  the 
uttermoft,  that  come  unto  God  by 
him,  feeing  he  ever  liveth  to  make 
interceflion  for  them. 

•*  John  xiv.  16.  And  I  will  pray 

the  Father,  and  he  fliall  give  you 

another  Comforter,  that  he  may 

abide 


Chap.  XVII.  'the  Confefmi  of  Faith.  203 

of  grace  « :  from  all  which  arifeth  alfo  the  certainty  and  in- 
fallibility thereof  ^ 

III.  Neverthelefs  they  may,  through  the  temptations  of 
Satan  and  of  the  world,  the  prevalency  of  corruption  re- 
maining in  them,  and  the  neglcd  of  the  means  of  theii'  pre- 
fervaiion,  fall  into  grievous  lins  z ;  and  for  a  time  continue 
therein  '■  :  wheicby  they  incur  Cod's  dilpleafure  ^  and  grieve 

his 


abide  with  you  for  ever ;  V.  1 7. 
Even  the  Spirit  of  truth,  whom 
the  world  cannot  receive,  becaufe 
it  feeth  him  not,  neither  knoweth 
him-  but  ye  know  him,  for  he 
dwelleth  with  you,  and  Ihall  be 
in  you.  i  John  ii.  27.  But  the 
anointing  which  ye  have  received 
of  him  abideth  in  you:  and  ye 
need  not  that  any  man  teach  you : 
but,  as  the  fame  anointing  teach- 
eth  you  of  all  things,  and  is<ruth» 
and  is  no  lye ;  and  even  as  it  hath 
taught  you,  ye  fliall  abide  in  him. 

1  John  iii.  9.  Whofoever  is  born 
of  God  doth  not  commit  fin,  for 
his  feed  romameth  in  him  :  and  he 
cannot  fm,  becaufe  he  is  born  of 
God. 

*  Jer.  xxxii.  40.  And  I  will 
make  an  cverlafting  covenant  with 

;them,  that  I  will  not  turn  away 
from  them  to  do  them  good ;  but 

•I  will  put  my  fear  in  their  hearts, 
that  they  (hall  not  depart  from 
me. 

f  John  X.  28.  And  I  give  unto 
them  eternal  life,  and  they  fhall 
never  perilh,  neither  fiiall  any 
pluck  them    out    of   my   hand. 

2  Thefl'.  iii.  3.  But  the  Lord  is 
faithful,  who  (hall  ftablifti  you, 
and  keep  you  from  evil,  i  John 
ii.  19.  They  went  out  from  us, 
but  they  were  not  of  us :  for  if 
they  had  been  of  us,  they  would 
no  doubt  have  continued  with  us : 
but  they  went  out,  that  they 
might  be  made  manifelt  that  they 
were  not  all  of  ust 


III.  ^  Matth.  xxvi.  70.  But  he 
denied  before  them  all,  faying,  I 
know  not  what  thou  fayeih  V .  7  2 . 
And  again  he  denied  with  an  oath, 
I  do  not  know  the  man.  V.  74. 
Then  began  he  to  curfe  and  to 
fwear,  faying,  I  know  not  the 
man.  And  immediately  the  cock, 
crew. 

*»  Pfal.  Ii.  [the  title.']  To  the 
chief  nmfician,  A  pfalm  of  David, 
when  Tsathan  the  prophet  came 
unto  him,  after  he  had  gone  in  to 
Bathllieba.  V.  14.  Deliver  me 
from  blood- guiitmefs,  O  God, 
thou  God  of  my  falvation  :  and 
my  tongue  fhall  ling  aloud  of  thy 
righteoufnefs. 

'  Ifa.  Ixiv.  5.  Thou  meeteft  him 
that  rejoiceth  and  worKeth  righ- 
teoufnefs, thofe  that  remember 
thee  in  thy  ways:  behold,  thou 
art  wroth,  for  we  have  finned  :  in 
thofe  is  continuance,  and  we  fiiali 
be  faved.  V.  7.  And  there  is  none 
that  calleth  upon  thy  name,  that 
ftirreth  up  himfelf  to  take  hold 
of  thee  :  for  thou  haft  hid  thy 
face  from  us,  and  haft  confumed 
us,  becaufe  of  our  iniquities.  V  9. 
Be  not  wroth  very  fore,  O  Lord, 
neither  remember  iniquity  for 
ever :  behold,  fee,  we  befeech 
thee,  we  are  all  thy  people.  2  Sam. 
xi.  27.  And  when  the  mourning 
was  paft,  David  lent  and  fetched 
her  to  his  houfe,  and  fhe  became 
his  wife,  and  bare  him  a  fon  :  but 
the  thing  that  David  had  done 
difpleafed  the  Lord. 

E4  /Eph, 


104  The  Confejfion  of  Faith,  Chap.  XVIII. 

his  Holy  Spirit  ^  ;  come  to  be  deprived  of  fome  meafiire  of 
their  graces  and  comforts';  have  their  hearts  hardened  f", 
and  their  confciences  wounded  » ;  hurt  and  fcandaiize  others  °, 
and  bring  temporal  judgments  upon  themfelves  p. 


CHAP.    XVHI.    OfAffurance  of  Grace  and  Salvation, 

ALthough  hypocrites,  and  other  unregenerate  men,  may 
vainly  deceive  themfelves  with  falle  hopes  and  carnal 
prefumptions  of  being  in  the  favour  of  God  and  eftate  of 

filva- 


^  Eph.  iv.  30.  And  grieve  not 
the  Holy  Spirit  of  God,  whereby 
ye  are  fealed  unto  the  day  of  re- 
demption. 

'  Pfal.  li.  8.  Make  me  to  hear 
joy  and  gladnefs :  that  the  bones 
"Which  thou  haft  broken  may  re- 
joice. V.  !  o.  Create  in  me  a  clean 
heart,  O  God ;  and  renew  a  right 
fpirit  within  me.  V.  12.  Reftore 
unto  me  tlie  joy  of  thy  falvation  j 
and  uphold  me  with  thy  free  Spi- 
rit. Rev.  ii.  4.  Neverthelefs,  I 
have  loirewhat  againft  thee,  be- 
caufe  thou  haft  left  thy  tirft  love. 
Cam.  V.  2.  I  fleep,  but  my  heart 
waketh  :  it  is  the  voice  of  my  be- 
loved that  knocketh,  faying,  Open 
tome,  my  (ifter,  my  love,  my  dove, 
!iiy  undeliled!  for  my  head  is  fill- 
ed with  dew,  and  my  locks  v.'ith 
the  drops  of  the  night.  V.  3.  I 
h.ive  put  off  my  coat  j  how  ftiall  I 
put  it  on  ?  I  have  wallied  my  feet ; 
how  fliall  I  defile  them?  V.  4. 
My  beloved  put  in  his  hand  by 
ihe  hole  of  the  door,  and  my 
f)owelswereniovedforhim.  V.  6. 
.{  opened  to  my  beloved  3  but  my 
beloved  had  withdrawn  himfelf, 
and  was  goni* :  my  foul  failed 
when  he  fpake :  I  fought  him,  but 
1  could  not  tindhim  ;  1  called  him, 
but  he  gave  me  no  anfwcr. 

"'  Ila.  Ixiii.  17.  OLord,  why  haft 
tliou  made  us  to   err  from  thy 


ways,  and  hardened  our  heart 
from  thy  fear  ?  Return  for  thy  fer- 
vants'  fake,  the  tribes  of  thine  in- 
heritance. Mark  vi.  32.  For  they 
confidered  not  the  miracle  of  the 
loaves,  for  their  heart  was  hard- 
ened. Mark  xvi.  14.  Afterward 
he  apQ^ared  unto  the  eleven,  as 
they  fat  at  meat,  and  upbraided 
them  with  their  unbelief  and 
hardnefs  of  heart,  becaufe  they 
believed  not  them  which  had  leeii 
him  after  he  was  rifen. 

"  Pfal.  xxxii.  3.  When  I  kept 
fdence  my  bones  waxed  old  : 
through  my  roaring  all  the  day 
long,  V.4.  (For  day  and  night  thy 
hand  was  heavy  upon  me,)  my 
moif!  ure  is  turned  into  the  drought 
of  fummer.  Pfal.  li.  8.  Make  me 
to  hear  joy  and  gladnefs :  that  the 
bones  which  thou  haft  broken  may 
rejoice. 

"  2  Sam.  xii.  r4.  Howbeit,  be- 
caufe by  this  deed  thou  halt  given 
great  occafion  to  the  enemies  of 
the  Lord  to  blafpheme,  the  child 
aifo  that  is  born  unto  thee  Ihall 
furely  die. 

Ppfal.  Ixxxix.  31.  If  they  break 
my  ftatutes,  and  keep  not  iny  com- 
mandments :  V.  32.  Then  will  I 
vifit  their  tranfgreilion  with  the 
rod,  and  their  iniquity  with  ilripes. 
1  Cor.  xi.  32.  But  when  we  are 
judged  we  are  chaftened  of  the 
Lord, 


Chap.  XVIIL         The  Confejfion  of  Faith.  105 

falvatioii  - ;  which  hope  of  theirs  fliall  perifli ''  :  yet  fuch  as 
truly  believe  in  the  L.ord  Jefiis,  and  love  him  in  fincerity,  en- 
deavouring to  walk  in  alfgood  confcience  before  him,  may 
in  this  life  be  certainly  aifured  that  they  are  in  the  Hate  of 
grace  «=,  and  may  rejoice  in  the  hope  of  the  glory  of  God  ; 
which  hope  tliall  never  make  them  alhamed  ^» 

II.  This  certainty  is  not  a  bare  conjec^lural  and  probable 
perfuafion,  grounded  upon  a  fallible  hope " ;  but  an  iiifallible 

alUirance 

Lord,  that  we  flioiild  not  be  con- 
demned with  the  world. 

I.  ^  Job  viii.  13.  So  are  the 
paths  of  all  that  forget  God,  and 
the  hypocrite's  hope  fhall  perifli : 
V.  14.  Whofe  hope  fliall  be  cut 
off,  and  whofe  triift  (lull  be  a 
fpider's  web.  Micah  iii.  1 1 .  The 
heads  thereof  judge  for  reward, 
and  the  priefts  thereof  teach  for 
hire,  and  the  prophets  thereof 
divhie  for  money  :  yet  will  they 
lean  upon  the  Lord,  and  fay,  Is 
not  the  Lord  among  us?  none  evil 
can  come  upon  us.  Deut.  xxix.  19. 
And  it  come  to  pafs,  when  he 
hearcth  the  words  of  this  curfe, 
that  he  blefs  himfelf  in  his  heart, 
faying,  I  fliaU  have  peace,  though 
I  walk  in  the  imagination  of  mine 
heartj  to  add  drunkennefs  to  thirfl. 
John  viii.  41.  Ye  do  the  deeds  of 
your  father.  Then  fiid  they  to 
him.  We  be  not  born  of  fornica- 
tion ;  we  have  one  Father,  evep- 

God.  '.:.■:-       ..'  . . 

^  Mat.  vii.  22.  Many  fliall  fay 
to  me  in  that  day,  Lord,  Lord," 
have  we  not  prophcfied  in  thy 
name  ?  and  in  thy  name  have  call 
out  devils?  and  in  thy  name  done 
many  wonderful  works?  V.  23. 
And  then  will  I  prof.. fs  unto  them, 
I  never  knew  you  depart  from 
me  ye  that  work  iniquity. 


John  ii.  3.  And  iiereby  we  do 
know  that  we  know  him,  if  we 
keep  his  tommiindiiients.    j  Johii 


iii.  14.  We  know  that  we  have 
paired  from  death  unto  life,  be- 
caufe  we  love  the  brethren  :  he 
that  loveth  not  hisbrother  abideth 
in  death.  V.  18.  My  little  chil- 
dren, let  us  not  love  in  word,^ 
neither  in  tongue,  but  in  deed, 
and  in  truth.  V.  19.  And  hereby 
we  know  that  we  are  of  the  truth, 
and  Ihall  allure  our  hearts  before 
him.  V.  2 1 .  Beloved,  if  our  heart 
condemn  us  not,  then  have  we 
confidence  towards  God.  V.  24. 
And  he  that  keepetli  hiscommand- 
ments  dwelleth  in  him,  and  he 
in  him:  and  hereby  we  know 
that  he  abideth  in  us,  by  the  Spi- 
rit that  he  hath  given  us.  1  John 
v.  1 3.  Thefe  things  have  I  written 
unto  you  that  believe  on  the  name 
of  the  Son  of  God;  that  ye  may 
know  that  ye  have  eternal  life, 
and  that  ye  may  believe  on  the 
name  of  the  Son  of  God. 

«•  Rom.  v.  2.  By  whom  alfo  we 
have  acc'efs  by  faith  into  this 
grace  wherein  we  ftand,  and  re- 
joice in  hope  of  the  glory  of  God. 
V.  5.  And  hope  maketh  not  a- 
Ihamed,  becaufe  the  love  of  God 
is  llied  abro-id  in  our  hearts  by 
the  Holy  Ghoft,  which  is  given  un- 
to us. 

II.  *  Heb.  vi.  T I .  And  we  defire 
that  every  one  of  you  do  fliew  the 
fame  diligence,  to  the  full  aflli- 
rance  of  hope  unto  the  end.  V.  19, 
Which  hope  we  have  as  an  anchor 
E  5     '  of 


io6 


The  Confeffm  fif  Faith.         Chap.  XVHI. 


affurance  of  faith,  founded  upon  the  divine  truth  of  the  pro- 
inifes  of  falvation  <",  the  inward  evidence  of  thofe  gi'aces  unto 
which  thefe  promifes  are  made  ?,  the  teftimony  of  the  Spirit 
of  adoption  witnefTing  with  our  fpirits  that  we  ai-e  the  chil- 
dren of  God  ^ :  which  Spirit  is  the  earnell  of  our  inheritance, 
whereby  we  are  fealed  to  the  day  of  redemption  •. 

III.  This  infallible  afllirance  doth  not  fo  belong  to  the 
effence  of  faith,  but  that  a  true  beUever  may  wait  long,  and  con- 
Aid:  with  many  difficulties,  before  he  be  partaker  of  it '' ;  yet, 

beino; 

his  brother  abideth  in  death. 
2  Cor.  i.  12.  For  our  rejoicing  is 
this,  the  tedimony  of  our  con- 


of  the  foul,  both  fure  and  ftedfafl, 
anH  which  entereth  into  that  with- 
IV    ae  vail. 

'Heb.  vi.  17. WhereinGod, will- 
ing more  abundantly  to  fhew  unto 
the  heirs  of  promife  the  immuta- 
bility of  his  counfel,  confirmed  it 
by  an  oath  :  V.  18.  That  by  two 
immutable  things,  in  which  it  was 
impoflible  for  God  to  lye,  we  might 
have  a  ftrong  confolation,  who 
have  fled  for  refuge  to  lay  hold 
upon  the  hope  fet  before  us. 

^  2  Pet.  i.  4.  Whereby  are  gi 
ven  unto  us  exceeding  great  and 
precious  promifes ;  that  by  thefe 
ye  might  be  partakers  of  the  di- 
vine nature,  having  cfcaped  the 
corruption  that  is  in  the  world 
through  luft.  V.  5.  And  befides 
this,  givingdiligence,  add  to  your 
faith,  virtue  ;  and  to  virtue, 
knowledge.  V.  lo.Whereforethe 
rather,  brethren,  give  diligence 
to  make  your  calling  and  eleftion 
fure :  for  if  ye  do  thefe  things  ye 
fliall  never  fall :  V.  1 1.  For  fo  an 
entrance  (liall  be  miniftered  unto 
you  abundantly  into  the  everlalt- 
ing  kingdom  of  our  Lord  and  Sa- 
viour Jefus  Ciirift.  I  John  ii.  3.  ^ 
And  hereby  we  do  know  that  we' 
know  him,  if  we  keep  his  com- 
mandments. I  John  iii.  14.  We 
know  that  we  have  paflTed  from 
death  unto  life,  becaufe  we  love 
the  brethren :  ha  that  loveth  not 


fcience,  that  in  fimplicity  and  god- 
ly fmcerity,  no«-  with  fleflily  wif- 
dom,  but  by  the  grace  of  God,  we 
have  had  our  converfation  in  the 
world,  and  more  abundantly  to 
you-ward. 

^  Rom.  viii.  15.  For  ye  have  not 
received  the  fpirit  of  bondage 
again  to  fear :  but  ye  have  received 
the  Spirit  of  adoption,  whereby 
we  cry,  Abba,  Father.  V.  16,  The 
Spirit  itfelf  beareth  witnefs  with 
our  fpirit,  that  we  are  the  children 
of  God. 

•  Eph.  i.  13.  In  whom  ye  alfo 
trufted,  after  that  ye  heard  the 
word  of  truth,  the  gofpelof  your 
falvation:  in  whom  alfo,  after  that 
ye  believed,  ye  were  fealed  with 
that  holy  Spirit  of  promife,  V.  1 4. 
Which  is  the  earned  of  our  inhe- 
ritance, until  the  redemption  of 
the  purchafed  poUeffion,  unto  the 
pfaife  of  his  glory.  Eph.  iv.  30.^ 
And  grieve  not  ihe  Holy  Spirit  of 
(lOd,  W'hercby  ye  are  fealed  unto 
the  day  of  redemption.  2  Cor. 
i.  2 1 .  Now  he  which  Itablifheth  us 
with  you  in  Chrill,  and  hath 
anointed  us,  is  God:  V.  22.  Who 
iiath  alfo  fealed  us,  and  given  the 
earnefl  of  the  Spirit  in  our  hearts. 

111.  J^  [  John  v.  13.  Thefe  things'. 
have  1  written  unto  you  that  be-  ^ 
lieve 


Chap.  XVIII.         the  Confeffion  of  Faith.  icy 

being  enabled  by  the  Spii-it  to  know  the  things  which  are 
freely  given  him  of  God,  he  may,  without  extraordinary 
revelation,  in  the  right  life  of  ordinary  means,  attain  there- 
unto '.  And  therefore  it  is  the  duty  of  every  one  to  give 
all  diligence  to  make  his  calling  and  eledion  iure  ^  ;  that 
thereby  his  heart  may  be  enlarged  in  peace  and  joy  in  ths 
Holy  Ghoft,  in  love  and  thankfulneis  to  God,  and  in  ftrength 
and  cheerfulnefs  in  the  duties  of  obedience  «,  the  proper 

fruits 


lieve  on  the  name  of  the  Son  of 
God;  that  ye  may  know  that 
ye  have  eternal  life,  and  that 
ye  may  believe  on  the  name  of 
tlie  Son  of  God.  Ifa.  1.  lo.  Who 
is  among  you  that  feareth  the 
Lord,  that  obeyeth  the  voice  of 
his  rer\'ant,  that  walketh  in  dark- 
nefs,  and  hath  no  light  ?  let  him 
truft  in  the  name  of  the  Lord,  and 
Hay  upon  his  God.  Mark  ix.  24. 
And  ftraightway  the  father  of  the 
child  cried  out,  and  faid  with  tears, 
Lord,  I  believe;  help  thou  mine 
unbelief.  [_See  Pfal.  Ixxxviii. 
throughout.  Pfal.  Ixxvii.  to  the  12th 
Verfe.^ 

*  I  Cor.  ii.  1 2 .  Now  we  have  re- 
ceived, not  the  fpirit  of  the  world, 
but  the  Spirit  which  is  of  God ; 
that  we  might  know  the  things 
that  are  freely  given  to  us  of  God. 
I  John  vi.  13.  Hereby  know  we  that 
we  dwell  in  him,  and  he  in  us, 
becaufe  he  hath  given  us  of  his 
Spirit.  Heb.  vi.  1 1 .  And  we  defire 
that  every  one  of  you  do  ftiew  the 
fame  diligence,  to  the  full  alTu- 
rance  of  hope  unto  the  end :  V .  1 2 . 
That  ye  be  not  flothful,  but  fol- 
lowers of  them,  who  through 
faith  and  patience  inherit  the  pro- 
mifes.  Eph.  iii.  17.  That  Chrift 
may  dwell  in  your  hearts  by  faith ; 
that  ye,  being  rooted  and  ground- 
ed in  love,  V.  1 8.  May  be  able  to 
comprehend  with  all  faints,  what 
is  the  breadth,  aikl  length,  and 


depth,  and  height;  V.  19.  And 
to  Icnow  the  love  of  Chrift,  which 
paffeth  knowledge,  that  ye  might 
be  filled  with  all  the  fulnefs  of 
God. 

"'  2  Pet.  i.  10.  Wherefore  the  ra- 
ther, brethren,  give  diligence  to 
make  your  calling  and  election 
fure  :  for  if  ye  do  thefe  things  ye 
fhall  never  fall. 

"  Rom.  v.  r.  Therefore  being 
juftified  by  faith,  we  have  peace 
with  God  through  our  Lord  Je- 
fus  Chrift :  V-  2 .  By  whom  alfo  we 
have  accefs  by  faith  into  this  grace 
wherein  we  ftand,  and  rejoice  in 
hope  of  the  glory  of  God.  V.  5. 
And  hope  maketh  not  afhamed; 
becaufe  the  love  of  God  is  flied 
abroad  in  our  hearts  by  the  Holy 
Ghoft,  which  is  given  unto  us. 
Rom.  xiv.  17.  FcH-  the  kingdom  of 
God  is  not  meat  and  drink;  but 
righteoufnefs,  and  peace,  and  joy 
in  the  Holy  Ghoft.  Rom.  xv.  1 3. 
Now,  the  God  of  hope  fill  you  with. 
all  joy  and  peace  in  believing, 
that  ye  may  abound  in  hope, 
through  the  power  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft.  Eph.  i.  3.  Blefted  be  the 
God  and  Fatlier  of  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift,  who  hath  blelfed  us  with 
all  fpiritual  bleflings  in  heavenly- 
places  in  Chrift  :  V.  4.  According 
as  he  hath  chofen  us  in  him  be- 
fore the  foundation  of  the  world, 
that  we  ftiould  be  holy,  and  with- 
out blame  before  him  in  love. 
E  6  Pfal, 


loS  The  Confefion  of  Faith,  Chap.  XVllI. 

fruits  of  this  aflurancc :  (b  far  is  it  from  inclining  men  to 
loofcnefs ". 

IV.  True  believers  may  have  the  allurance  of  their  falva- 
tion  divers  ways  fliaken,  cliininiflied,  and  intermitted  ;  as,  by 
negligence  in  preferving  of  it;  by  falling  into  fome  fpccial  fm, 
which  woundeth  the  confcience,  and  gi-ieveth  the  Spirit ;  by 
Ibme  fudden  or  vehement  temptation  ;  by  God's  withdrawing 
the  light  of  his  countenance,  and  fuffering  even  fuch  as  fear 
him  to  walk  in  darknefs,  and  to  have  no  light  i^ :  yet  are  they 

never 

pfal.  iv.  6.  There  be  many  that 
fay,  Who  will  fliew  us  any  good  ? 
Lord,  lift  thou  up  the  light  of  thy 
countenance  upon  us.  V .  7 .  Thou 
haft  putgladnefsinmy  heart,  more 
than  in  the  time  that  their  corn 
ar.d  their  wine  increafed.  Pfal. 
cxix.  32 .  I  will  run  the  way  of  thy 
commandments,  when  thou  llialt 
enlarge  my  he&'rt. 

"  t  John  ii.  I  .My  little  children, 
thefe  things  write  1  unto  you,  that 
ye  fm  not.  And  if  any  man  fm,  v\'e 
have  an  advocate  with  the  Father, 
Jefus  Chrifl  the  righteous.  V.  2 • 
And  he  is  the  propitiation  for  our 
iins:  and  not  for  ours  only,  but 
alfo  for  the  fins  of  the  whole  \\  orld 
Rom.  vi.  I.  What  fliall  we  fay 
then .?  fhall  we  continue  in  fin 
that  grace  may  abound.^  V.  2. 
God  forbid :  how  iiutll  we  that  are 
dead  to  fin  live  any  longer  there- 
in? Tit.  ii.  II.  For  the  grace 
of  God  that  bringeth  falvation 
hath  appeared  to  all  men  •,  V.  1 2 . 
Teaching  us  that,  denying  im- 
godlinefs  and  worldly  lufts,  we 
ihould  live  foberly,  righteoufly, 
and  godly,  in  this  prefent  world. 
V.  14-  Who  gave  himfelf  for  us, 
that  he  might  redeem  us  from  all 
iniquity,  and  purify  unto  himfelf 
a  peculiar  people,  zealousof  good 
v/orks.  2  Cor.  vii.  i.  Having, 
therefore,  thefe  promifes,  dearly 
telovcd,  let  us  ckanfe  ourfelves 


from  all  filthinefs  of  the  fiefli  and 
fpirit,  perfedting  holinefs  in  the 
fear  of  Cu;d.  Rom.  viii.i .  There 
is,  therefore,  now  no  condemna- 
tion to  them  which  are  in  Chrift 
Jefus,  who  walk  not  after  the 
tlelh,  but  after  the  Spirit-  V.  12. 
Therefore,  brethren,  we  are  debt- 
ors, not  to  the  flefh,  to  live  after 
the  flefli.  I  John  iii.  2.  Beloved, 
now  are  we  the  fons  of  God,  and 
it  doth  not  yet  appear  what  we 
fhall  be;  but  we  know,  that  when 
he  Ihall  appear  we  fliall  be  like 
hinii  for  we  fhall  fee  him  as  he  is. 
V.  3.  And  every  man  that  hath 
this  hope  in  him  purifieth  him- 
felf, even  as  he  is  pure.  Pfal. 
cxxx.  4.  But  there  is  forgivenefs 
with  thee ;  that  thou  mayeft  be 
feared,  i  John  i.  6.  If  we  lay  that 
we  havefellowihip  with  him,  and 
walk  in  darknefs,  we  lye,  and  do 
not  the  truth:  V.  7.  But  if  we 
walk  in  the  light,  as  he  is  in  the 
light,  we  have  fellowfhip  one  with 
another;  and  the  blood  of  Jefus 
Chrift  his  Son  cleanfeth  us  from 
all  fin. 

IV.  ^  Cant.  V.2-  J  fleep,  but 
my  heart  waketh  :  it  is  the  voice 
of  my  beloved  that  knocketh, 
faying,  Open  to  mc,  my  fifier,  my 
love,  my  dove,  my  undefiled  !  for 
my  head  is  tilled  with  dew,  and 
my  locks  with  the  drops  of  the 
night.  V.3.  I  have  put  off  my 
coati 


Chap.  XVIII.  The  ConfeJJion  of  Faith.  lo^ 

never  utterly  ileftltute  of  that  feed  of  God,  and  life  of  faith, 
that  love  of  Clirift  and  the  brethren,  that  fmcerity  of  heart, 
and  confcience  of  duty,  out  of  which,  by  the  operation  of 
the  Spirit,  this  afTurance  may  in  due  time  be  revived  'i,  and 

by 


eoat ;  how  fi^all  I  put  it  on  ?  I  have 
waihed  my  feet ;  how  ihall  I  de- 
file them  ?  V.  6.  I  opened  to  my 
beloved ;  but  my  beloved  had  with- 
drawn hinifelf,  and  was  gone  :  my 
foulfailedwhenhefpake  :  I  fought 
him,  but  I  could  not  find  him  j  I 
called  him,  but  he  gave  me  no 
anfwer.  pral.  li.8.  Make  me  to 
hear  joy  and  gladnefs :  that  the 
bones  which  thou  haft  broken 
may  rejoice.  V.  1 2 .  Kellore  unto 
me  the  joy  of  thy  falvation  :  aud 
uphold  me  with  thy  free  Spirit. 
V.  14.  Deliver  me  from  blood- 
guiitinefs,  O  God,  thou  God  of 
.my  falvation  •  and  my  tonguelhall 
fing  aloud  of  thy  righteoufnefs 
Eph.  iv.  30.  And  grieve  not  the 
Holy  Spirit  of  God,  whereby  ye 
are  fealed  unto  the  day  of  redemp- 
tion. V.31.  Let  all  bitternefs, 
and  wrath,  and  anger,  and  cla- 
inonr,  and  evil-fptaking,  be  put 
away  from  you,  with  all  marKe. 
Pfal.  Ixxvii.  I.  1  tried  unto  God 
with  my  voice,  even  unto  (iod 
with  my  voice ;  and  he  gave  ear 
unto  me.  V .  2.  In  the  day  of  my 
trouble  I  fought  the  Lord  ;  my 
fore  ran  in  the  night,  and  ceafed 
not:  my  foul  refufed  to  be  com- 
forted. V.  3.  I  remembered  God, 
and  was  troubled:  I  complained, 
and  my  fpirit  was  overwhelmed. 
Selah.  V.4.  Thou  holdell  mine 
eyes  waking:  I  am  fo  troubled 
that  I  cannot  fpeak.  V.  5.  1  have 
confidered  the  days  of  old,  the 
years  of  ancient  times.  V.  6.  I 
tall  to  remembrance  my  fong  in 
the  night :  X  commune  with  mine 
own  heart,  and  my  fpirit  made 


diligent  fearch.  V.  7.  Will  the 
Lord  caft  off  for  ever  ?  and  will  he 
be  favourable  no  more  ?  V .  8.  Is 
his  mercy  tlean  gone  for  ever  ? 
doth  his  promife  fail  for  ever- 
more ?  V .  9 .  Hath  G  od  forgotten 
to  be  gracious?  hath  he  in  anger 
fl^ut  up  his  tender  mercies?  Se- 
lah. *V.io.  And  I  faid,  This 
is  my  infirmity :  but  I  will  re- 
member the  years  of  the  right 
hantl  of  the  moft  High.  Mat. 
xxvi.  69.  Now  Peter  fat  without 
in  the  palace  :  and  a  damfel  tame 
unto  him,  faying,  Thou  alfo  waft 
withjefus  of  Galilee.  V.  70.  But 
he  denied  before  them  all,  faying, 
I  know  not  what  thou  fayeft. 
V.  71.  And  vvhen  he  was  gone  out 
into  the  porch  another  maid  faw 
him,  andfaid  unto  them  thatwere 
there,  This  fellow  was  alfo  with 
Jefus  of  Nazareth.  V.  72  And 
again  he  denied  with  an  oath,  I 
do  not  know  the  man.  Pfal. 
xxxi.  22.  For  I  faid  in  my  hafte, 
I  am  cut  off  from  before  thine 
eyes ;  neverthelefs  thou  heardeft 
the  voice  of  my  fupplications, 
when  1  tried  unto  thee.  [Pfal. 
Ixxxviii.  throughout.']  Ifa.  1.  10. 
Who  is  among  you  that  feareth 
the  Lord,  that  obeyeth  the  voice 
of  his  fervant,  that  walketh  in 
darknefs,  and  hath  no  light  ?  let 
him  truft  in  the  name  of  the  Lord, 
and  ftay  upon  his  God. 

■^  ijohniii.  9.Whofoever  isborn 
of  God  doth  not  conmiit  fm  ;  for. 
his  feed  remaineth  in  him :  and  he' 
cannot  fm,  betaufe  he  is  born  of 
God.  Luke  xxii.  32  But  I  have 
prayed  for  tliee  that  thy  faith  fail 
not; 


no 


The  Cofjfejffion  of  Faith. 


Qiap.  XIX. 


by  the  which,  in  the  mean  time,  they  are  fupported  from 
utter  defpair^ 


CHAR    XIX.    Of  the  Law  of  God, 

GO  D  gave  to  Adam  a  law,  as  a  covenant  of  works,  by 
which  he  bound  him,  and  all  his  poflerity,  to  perfonal, 
entire,  exad,  and  perpetual  obedience;  promifed  life  upon  the 
fulfilhng,  and  threatened  death  upon  the  breach  of  it ;  and 
endued  him  with  power  and  abihty  to  keep  it  =*.  tt  rp,  . 


not;  and  when  thou  art  convert- 
ed {trengthen  thy  brethren.  Job 
xiii.  15.  Though  he  flay  me,  yet 
will  I  truft  in  him:  but  I  will 
maintain  mine  own  ways  before 
him.  Pfal.  Ixxiii.  [5.  If  I  fay,  I 
will  fpeak  thus;  behold,  I  ftiould 
offend  againft  the  generation  of  thy 
children.  ?(a\.\\.^,\2.\_See letter^ 
immediately  be  fore. ']l(a..  1. 1  o.  {_See 
letter  ^  immediately  foregoing.'] 

•■Micah  vii.  7. Therefore  1  will 
look  unto  the  Lord :  I  will  wait 
for  the  God  of  my  falvation  :  my 
Godwin  hear  me.  V.  8.  Rejoice 
not  againll  me,  O  mine  enemy  : 
when  I  fall,  I  fhall  arife ;  when 
I  fit  in  darknefs,  the  Lord  fliall 
be  a  light  unto  me.  V.  9.  1  will 
bear  the  indignation  of  the  Lord, 
becaufe  I  have  linned  againft  him, 
imtil  he  plead  my  caufe,  and  exe- 
cute judgment  for  me:  he  will 
bring  me  forth  to  the  light,  and 
I  fhall  behold  his  righteoufnefs. 
Jer.  xxxii.  40.  And  I  will  make  an 
cveriaftipg  covenant  with  them, 
that  I  will  not  turn  away  from 
them  to  do  them  good;  but  I 
will  put  my  fear  in  their  hearts, 
that  they  fliall  not  depart  from 
me.  Ifa.  liv.  7.  For  a  fmall  mo- 
ment have  I  forfaken  thee;  but 
with  great  mercies  will  I  gather 
thee:    V.  8.  In  a  little  wrath  I 


hid  my  face  from  thee  for  a  mo* 
ment;  but  with  everlaftingkind- 
nefs  will  I  have  mercy  on  thee, 
faith  the  Lord,  thy  Redeemer. 
V.  9.  For  this  is  as  the  waters  of 
Noah  unto  me :  for  as  I  havefworn 
that  the  waters  of  Noah  fhould  no 
more  go  over  the  earth ;  fo  have 
I  fworn  that  I  would  not  be  wroth 
w^ith  thee,  nor  rebuke  thee.  V.  10. 
For  the  mountains  fiiall  depart, 
and  the  hills  be  removed;  but  my 
kindnefs  fhall  not  depart  from 
thee,  neither  fhall  the  covenant 
of  my  peace  be  removed,  faith 
the  Lord,  that  hath  mercy  on 
thee.  Pfal.  xxii.  i .  My  God,  my 
God,  why  haft  thou  forfaken  me  ^ 
why  art  thou  fo  far  from  helping 
me,  and  from  the  words  of  my 
roaring.^  [Pfal.  Ixxxviii.  through- 
out.'] 

I.  =»  Gen.  i.  26.  And  God  faid, 
Let  us  make  man  in  our  image, 
after  our  likenefs :  and  let  tliem 
have  dominion  over  the  filh  of  the 
fea,  and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air, 
and  over  the  cattle,  and  over  all 
the  earth,  and  over  every  creep- 
ing thing  that  creepeth  upon  the 
earth.  V.  27.  So  God  created 
man  in  his  own  image,  in  the 
image  of  God  created  he  him  : 
male  and  female  created  he  them. 
With  Gen.  ii.17.  But  of  the  tree 

of 


I 


Chap.  XIX.  7he  Cdnfeffioti  of  Fahh.  1 1 1 

IL  This  law,  after  his  fall,  continued  to  be  a  perfedl  rule 
of  rigliteoufnels ;  and,  as  fuch,  was  delivered  by  God  upon 
mount  Sinai  in  ten  commandments,  and  written  in  two  tables'* ; 

the 


of  the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil 
thou  ftialt  not  eat  of  it :  for  in 
the  day  that  thou  eateft  thereof 
thou  fiialtfurely  die.  Rom.  ii.14. 
For  when  the  Gentiles,  which 
have  not  the  law,  do  by  nature 
the  things  contained  in  the  law, 
thefe,  having  not  the  law,  are  a 
law  unto  themfelves:  V.  15. 
Which  (hew  the  work  of  the  law 
written  in  their  hearts,  their  con- 
fcience  alfo  bearing  witnefs,  and 
their  thoughts  the  mean  while 
accufmg  or  elfe  exculingone  ano- 
ther. Rom.  X.  5.  For  Mofes  de- 
fcribeth  the  righteoufnefs  which  is 
of  the  law.  That  the  man  which 
doeth  thofe  things  (hall  live  by 
them.  Rom.  V.  1 2.  Wherefore,  as 
by  one  man  fm  entered  into  the 
world,  and  death  by  fm  ;  and  fo 
death  palled  upon  all  men,  for 
that  all  have  finned.  V.  19.  For 
as  by  one  man's  difobedience  many 
were  made  finners ;  fo  by  the 
obedience  of  one  (hall  many  be 
made  righteous.  Gal.  iii.  10.  For 
as  many  as  are  of  the  works  of  the 
law  are  under  the  curfe :  for  it  is 
written,  Curfed  is  every  one  that 
continueth  not  in  all  things  which 
'arewritten  in  the  book  of  the  law, 
to  do  them.  V.  12.  And  the  law 
is  not  of  faith  :  but.  The  man  that 
doeththemfhalUiveinthem.  Eccl. 
vii.  29.  Lo,  this  only  have  I  found, 
that  God  hath  made  man  upright ; 
but  they  have  fought  out  many  in- 
ventions. Job  xxviii.  28.  And  un- 
to man  he  faid, Behold, the  fear  of 
the  Lord,  that  is  wifdom;  and  to 
depart  from  evil  is  underlhiiiding. 
II.  ''James  i.  25.  But  whofo 
looketh  into  the  perfect  law  of  li- 


berty, and  continueth  therein,  he 
being  not  a  forgetful  hearer,  but 
a  doer  of  the  work,  this  man  fhall 
be  blefTed  in  his  deed.  James  ii.  8. 
If  ye  fulfil  the  royal  law  accord- 
ing to  the  fcripture,  Thou  fhalt 
love  thy  neighbour  as  thyfelf,  ye 
do  well.  V.  10.  For  whofoever 
fhall  keep  the  whole  law,  and  yet 
offend  in  one  point,  he  is  guilty  of 
all.  V.  1 1 .  For  he  that  faid,  Do 
not  commit  adultery;  faid  alfo, 
Do  not  kill.  Now,  if  thou  com- 
mit no  adultery,  yet  if  thou  kill, 
thou  art  become  a  tranfgreifor  of 
the  law.  V.  1 2 .  So  fpeak  ye,  and 
fo  do,  as  they  that  (hall  be  judged 
by  the  law  of  liberty.  Rom.xiii.8. 
Owe  no  man  any  thing,  but  to  love 
one  another :  for  he  that  loveth 
another  hath  fulfilled  the  law. 
V.  9.  For  this.  Thou  fhalt  not 
commit  adultery,  Thou  (halt  not 
kill,  Thou  (halt  not  fteal.  Thou 
fhalt  not  bear  falfe  witnefs,  Thou 
flialt  not  covet;  and  if  there  be 
any  other  commandment,  it  is 
briefly  comprehended  in  this  fay- 
ing, namely,  Thou  fhalt  love  thy 
neighbour  as  thyfelf.  Deut.  v.  32. 
Ye  fhall  obferve  to  do,  therefore, 
as  the  Lord  your  God  hath  com- 
manded you:  ye  fliall  not  turn 
afide  to  the  right  hand  or  to  the 
left.  Deut.  X.  4.  And  he  wrote 
on  the  tables,  according  to  the 
firft  writing,  the  ten  command- 
ments, which  the  Lord  fpake  un- 
to you  in  the  mount,  out  of  the 
midflof  the  fire,  in  theday  of  the 
alfembly :  and  the  Lord  gave  them 
unto  mc.  I],xod.  xxxiv.  1.  And 
the  Lord  f^dd  unto  Mofes,  Hew 
thee  two  tables  of  floiie  like  unto 

the 


Chap.  XIX. 
our  duty  towards 


1 1 2  7he  Confejfmi  ef  Faith. 

the  four  firfl  commandments  containing 
God,  and  the  otl^er  fix  our  duty  to  man  ^. 

III.  Bciides  this  law,  commonly  called  Moral,  God  was 
pleafed  to  give  to  the  people  of  Ilrael,  as  a  church  under  age, 
ceremonial  laws,  containing  feveral  typical  ordinances ;  partly 
of  worlliip,  pretiguring  Chrift,  his  graces,  adions,  fufFerings, 
and  benefits  ^ ;  and  partly  holding  forth  clivers  inllruclions  of 
moral  duties  «.  All  which  ceremonial  laws  are  now  abrogated 
under  the  new  teftament  f. 

IV.  To  themalfo,  as  a  body  politick,  he  gave  fundry  judi- 
cial laws,   which  expired  together-  with  the   llate   of  that 

people. 


the  firft.  and  I  will  write  upon 
thefe  tables  the  words  that  were 
in  the  tidl  tables,  which  thou 
braked. 

"  Mat.  xxii.  37.  Jcfus  faid  unto 
him, Thou  rtialt  love  the  Lord  thy 
God  with  all  thy  heart,  and  with 
all  thy  foul,  and  with  all  thy 
mind.  V.  38.  This  is  the  firft  and 
great  commandment.  V .  39 .  And 
the  fecond  is  like  unto  it,  Thou 
fhalt  love  thy  neighbour  as  thyfelf. 
V.  40.  On  thefe  two  connnand- 
ments  hang  all  the  law  and  the 
prophets. 

III.  <*  [He^.  Chapter  ix.]  Heb. 
X.  I .  For  the  law  having  a  Ihadow 
of  good  things  to  come^  and  not 
the  very  image  of  the  things,  can 
never  with  thofe  facritices,  which 
they  offered  year  by  year  conti- 
nually, make  the  comers  there- 
unto perfeft.  Gal.  iv.  i.  Now  I 
fay,  that  the  heir,  as  long  as  he 
is  a  child,  diftereth  nothing  from 
a  fervant,  though  lie  be  lord  of 
all;  V.  2.  But  is  under  tutors  and 
governors  until  the  time  appoint- 
ed of  the  father.  V.  3.  Kven  fo 
we,  when  we  were  children,  were 
in  bondage  under  the  elements  of 
the  world.  Col.  ii.  17. Which  are 
a  fliadow  of  things  to  come  ;  but 
the  body  is  of  Chrift. 


*  J  Cor.  v.  7.  Purge  out,  therefore, 
the  old  leaven,  that  ye  may  be  a 
new  lump,  as  ye  are  unleavened  : 
for  even  Chrill  our  pallbver  is  fa- 
crificed  for  us.  2  Cor.  vi.  17. 
Wherefore  come  out  from  among 
them,  and  be  ye  feparate,  faith 
the  Lord,  and  touch  not  the  un- 
clean thing;  and  1  will  rtceive 
you.  Jude,  Ver.  23.  And  others 
fave  with  fear,  pulling  them  out 
ofthehre;  hating  even  the  gar- 
ment fpotted  by  the  flelh. 

^Col.ii.  14.  Blotting  out  the 
hand- writing  of  ordinances  that 
was  againft  us,  which  was  con- 
trary to  us,  and  took  it  out  of  the 
way,  nailing  it  to  his  crofs.  V.16. 
Let  no  man,  therefore,  judge  you 
in  meat,  or  in  drink,  or  in  refpeft 
of  an  holy-day,  or  of  the  new 
moon,  or  of  the  fabbath-days  : 
V.  17.  Which  are  a  fliadow  of 
things  to  come  ;  but  the  body  is 
of  Chrift.  Oan.  ix.  27.  And  he 
lliall  confirm  the  covenant  with 
many  for  one  week :  and  in  the 
mulft  of  the  week  he  ft.all  caufe 
the  facrifice  and  the  oblation  to 
ceafe;  and  for  the  overfprcading 
of  abominations  he  fliall  make  it 
defolate,  even  until  the  confum- 
mation,  and  that  determined,  Ihall 
be  poured  upon  the  defolate. 
Eph, 


Chap.  XIX.  The  Confejfm  of  Faith.  1 1 3 

people,  not  obliging  any  other  now,  further  than  the  general 
equity  thereof  may  require  e- 

V.  The  moral  law  doth  for  ever  bind  all,  as  well  juflified 
perfons  as  others,  to  the  obedience  thereof  ^ ;  and  that  not 
only  in  regard  of  the  matter  contained  in  it,  but  alio  in  re- 
fped  of  the  authority  of  God  the  Creator  who  gave  it  i. 
Neither  doth  Chrift  in  the  gofpel  any  way  difiblve,  but  much 
ftrengthen,  this  obligation  K  ^^^  Although 


Eph.  ii.  T5.  Having  abolifhed  in 
his  tiefli  the  enmity,  even  the  law 
of  commandments  contained  in 
ordinances,  for  to  mai<e  in  him- 
felf,  of  twain,  one  new  man,  fo 
making  peace;  V.  16.  And  that 
he  migiit  reconcile  both  mito  God 
in  one  body  by  the  crofs,  having 
(lain  the  enmity  thereby. 

IV.  2  [Exod.  Chapter  xxi. 
Exod.  xxii.  I .  to  the 2()thVerfe.  See 
both  in  the  Bihle.']  Gen.  xlix.  lo. 
The  fceptre  fliall  not  depart  from 
Judah,  nor  a  lawgiver  from  be- 
tween his  feet,  until  Shiloh  come ; 
and  unto  him  ftiall  the  gathering 
of  the  people  be.  With  r  Pet. 
ii.  13.  Submit  yom*felves  to  every 
ordinance  of  man  for  the  Lord's 
fake  :  whether  it  be  to  the  king, 
as  fupreme  :  V.  14.  Or  unto  go- 
vernors, as  ftnto  them  that  are 
ff  nt  by  him  for  the  punifliment  of 
evil-doers,  and  for  the  praife  of 
them  that  do  well.  Mat.  v.  17. 
Think  not  that  I  am  come  to  de- 
ftroy  the  law  or  the  prophets  :  I 
am  not  come  to  deftroy,  but  to 
fullil.  With  V.  38.  Ye  have 
heard  that  it  hath  been  faid.  An 
eye  for  an  eye,  and  a  tooth  for  a 
tooth.  V.  39.  But  I  fay  unto  you, 
Tltat  ye  reliit  not  evil :  but  who- 
foever  fiiall  fmite  thee  on  thy 
right  cheek,  turn  to  him  the 
other  alfo.  i  Cor.  ix.  8.  Say  I 
tin fe  things  as  a  man?  or  faith 
not  the  law  the  fame  alfo?  V.  9. 


For  it  is  written  in  the  law  of 
Mofes,  Thou  ihalt  not  muzzle  the 
mouth  of  the  ox  that  treadeth  out 
the  corn.  Doth  God  take  care 
for  oxen  1  V.  10.  Or  faith  he  it 
altogether  for  our  fakes?  for  our 
fakes,  no  doubt,  this  is  written  : 
that  he  that  plovveth  iliould  plow 
in  hope;  and  that  he  that  threlh- 
eth  in  hope  fhould  be  partaker  of 
his  hope. 

V.  ^  Rom.  xiii.  8,  9.  ^See 
above  in  letter  ^.]  V.  10.  Love 
worketh  no  ill  to  his  neighbour  : 
therefore  love  is  the  fultiiling  of- 
the  law.  Eph.  vi.  2.  Honour  thy 
father  and  mother,  (which  is  the 
firll  commandment  with  promife. ) 


I  John 


And  hereby  do  wc; 


know  that  we  know  him,  if  we 
keep  his  commandments.  V.  4- 
He  that  faith,  I  know  him,  and 
keepeth  not  his  commandments, 
is  a  lyar,  and  the  truth  is  not  in 
him.  V.  7.  Brethren,  I  write  no 
new  commandment  unto  you,  but 
an  old  commandment  which  ye 
had  from  the  beginning  :  the  old 
commandment  is  the  word  which 
ye  have  heard  from  the  beginning. 
V.  8.  Again,  a  new  commandment 
I  write  unto  you,  which  thing  is 
true  in  him  and  in  you:  becaufe 
the  darknefs  is  pall,  and  the  true 
light  now  fhineth. 

'  Jam.  ii.  10, 1 1.  [^Seelnktter  i*.] 

^  Mat.  v.  I-'.  [_Si'e  iti  letter^.} 

V,  18.  For,  verily,  1  fay  unto  you, 

Till 


114  7"^^  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XIX. 

VT.  Although  true  believers  be  not  under  the  law  as  a 
covenant  of  works,  to  be  thereby  juflified  or  condemned  »  ; 
yet  is  it  of  great  life  to  them,  as  well  as  to  others ;  in  that, 
as  a  rule  of  life,  informing  them  of  the  will  of  God  and  their 
duty,  it  direds  and  binds  them  to  walk  accordingly  » ;  dif- 
covering  alfo  the  finfiil  pollutions  of  their  nature,  hearts,  and 
lives  n ;  i'o  as,  examining  themfelves  thereby,  they  may  come 

to 


Till  heaven  and  earth  pafs,  one  jot 
or  one  tittle  (hall  in  no  wife  pafs 
from  the  law,  till  ail  be  fulfilled. 
V.  19.  Whofoever, therefore, {hall 
break  one  of  thefe  ieall  command- 
ments, and  ihall  teach  men  fo,  he 
ftiall  bt  called  the  leaft  in  the  king- 
dom of  heaven :  bu  t  whofoever  fliall 
do  and  teach  them,  the  fame  lhall 
be  called  great  m  the  kingdom  of 
heaven.  James  ii. 8.  \_See  in  letter 
*»  before.']  Rom.  iii.  31.  Do  we 
then  make  void  the  law  throngh 
faith  •*  God  forbid  :  yea,  we  efla- 
blifh  the  iaw. 

VI.  '  Rom.  vi.  14.  For  finfhall 
not  have  dominion  over  you :  for 
ye  are  not  under  the  law,  but  un- 
der grace.  Gal.  ii.  i6.  Know- 
ing that  a  man  is  not  juftiiied  by 
the  works  of  the  law,  but  by  the 
faith  of  Jefus  Chrift;  even  we 
have  believed  in  Jefus  Chrift, 
.that  we  might  be  juilifitd  by  the 
faich  of  Chrill,  and  not  by  the 
works  of  the  law:  for  by  the 
works  of  the  law  fliall  no  flefli  be 
juftiiied.  Gal.  iii.  13.  Chrift  hath 
redeemed  us  from  the  curfe  of  the 
law,  being  made  a  curfe  for  us : 
for  it  is  written,  Curfcd  is  every 
one  that  hangeth  on  a  tree.  Gal. 
iv.  4.  But  when  the  fulnefs  of 
the  time  was  come,  Godfentforth 
his  Son,  made  of  a  woman,  made 
under  the  law,  V.5.  To  redeem 
them  that  were  under  the  law, 
that  we  might  receive  the  adop- 
tipn  of  fons.    A£ls  xiii.  39.  And 


by  him  all  that  believe  are  jufti- 
fied  from  all  things,  from  the 
which  ye  could  not  be  juftiiied  by 
the  law  of  Mofes.  Rom.  viii.  i. 
There  is,  therefore,  now  no  con- 
demnation to  them  which  are  in 
Chrift  Jefus,  who  walk  not  after 
the  fleih,  but  after  the  Spirit. 

•"Rom.vii  12.  Wherefore  the 
law  is  holy;  and  the  command- 
ment  holy,  and  juft,  and  good. 
V.  22.  For  I  delight  in  the  law  of 
God  after  the  in  warti  man.  V.25. 
I  thank  God,  through  Jefus  Chrift 
our  Lord .  So  then,  with  the  mind 
I  myfelf  ferve  the  law  of  God  ; 
but  with  the  flerti  the  law  of  fm. 
Pfal.  cxix.  4.  Thou  haft  com- 
manded us  to  keep  thy  precepts 
diligently.  V.  5.  O  that  my  ways 
were  directed  to  keep  thy  ftatutes ! 
V.  6.  Then  fliall  I  not  beafliamed, 
when  I  have  refpeft'unto  all  thy 
commandments.  i  Cor.  vii.  19. 
Circumcifion  is  nothing,  and  un- 
circumcifion  is  nothing,  but  the 
keeping  of  the  commandments  of 
God.  Gal.  V.  14,  16,  18,  19,  20, 
21,  22,  23.    See  in  the  Bible. 

"Rom.vii.  7.  What  fliall  we  fay 
then  ?  Is  the  law  fm  ?  God  forbid. 
Nay,  I  had  not  known  fm  but  by 
the  law:  for  I  had  not  known 
luft,  except  the  law  had  faid, 
Thou  flialt  not  covet.  Rom.  iii. 
20.  Therefore  by  the  deeds  of  the 
law  there  {hall  no  Hefh  be  juilified 
in  his  light :  for  by  the  law  is  the 
knowledge  of  fm. 

"  James 


Chap.  XIX.  7h€  Confefflon  ef  Faith.  1 15 

to  further  conviction  of,  humiliation  for,  and  hatred  againfl 
fin  • ;  together  with  a  clearer  light  of  the  need  they  have  of 
Chrift,  and  the  perfedion  of  his  obedience  v.  It  is  hkewife 
of  ul'e  to  the  regenerate,  to  rcltrain  their  corruptions,  in  that 
it  forbids  fm  •' ;  and  the  threatenings  of  it  ferve  to  ihew  what 
even  their  fins  defer ve,  and  what  aftiictions  in  this  life  they 
may  exped  for  them,  althougli  freed  from  tlie  curie  thereof 
threatened  in  the  law '.     The  proniifes  of  it,  in  like  manner, 

jfliew 


•  James  i.  23.  For  if  any  be  a 
hearer  of  the  word,  and  not  a 
doer,  he  is  like  unto  a  man  be- 
holding his  natural  face  in  a  glafs : 
V.  24.  For  he  beholdeth  himfelf, 
and  goeth  his  way,  and  ftraight- 
way  forgetteth  wliat  manner  of 
man  he  was.  V.  25.  But  whofo 
looketh  into  the  perfect  law  of  li- 
berty, and  continueth  therein,  he 
being  not  a  forgetful  hearer,  but 
a  doer  of  the  work,  this  man  ftiall 
beblefledinhisdeed.  Rom.  vii.  9. 
For  I  was  alive  without  the  law 
once:  but  when  the  command- 
ment came,  fm  revived,  and  I  died. 
V.  14.  For  we  know  that  the  law 
IS  fpiritual :  but  I  am  carnal,  fold 
under  fm.  V .  2  4-  O  wretched  man 
that  I  am!  who  fliall  deliver  me 
from  the  body  of  this  death  ? 

P  Gal.  iii.  24.  Wherefore  the 
law  was  our  fchoolmafter  to  bring 
us  unto  Chrill,  that  we  might  be 
juftified  by  faith.  Rom.  vii.  24. 
{See  before  in  the  letter  °.  Ver.  2  5 . 
in  letter  '".3  Rom.  viii.  3.  For 
what  the  law  could  not  do,  in 
that  it  was  weak  through  the  fiefh, 
God  fending  his  own  Son  in  the 
likenefs  of  linful  flefh,  and  for  fin, 
condemned  fin  in  the  flefii :  V.4. 
That  the  righteoufnefsof  the  law 
might  be  fulfilled  in  us,  who  walk 
not  after  the  ftelh,  but  after  the 
Spirit. 

•J  James  ii.  1 1 .  For  he  that  faid, 
Po  not  commit  adultery;    fuid 


alfo.  Do  not  kill.  Now,  if  thou 
commit  no  adultery,  yet  if  thou 
kill,  thou  art  become  a  tranfgref- 
for  of  the  law.  Pfal.cxix.  loi. 
I  have  refrained  my  feet  from 
every  evil  way :  that  I  might  keep 
thy  word.  V.  104  Through  thy 
precepts  I  get  underitanding ; 
therefore  I  hate  every  I'alfe  way. 
V.  128.  Therefore  I  efieem  all 
thy  precepts  concerning  all  things 
to  be  right ;  and  I  hateevery  falfe 
way. 

""  Ezra  ix.  1 3.  And  after  all  that 
is  come  upon  us  for  our  evil  deeds, 
and  for  our  great  trefpafs,  feeing 
that  thou  our  God  haft  punifhed 
us  lefs  than  our  iniquities  deferve, 
and  haft  given  us  fuch  deliverance 
as  this ;  V .  j  4.  Should  we  again 
break  thy  commandments,  and 
join  in  affinity  with  the  people 
of  thefe  abominations,  wouldcft 
not  thou  be  angry  with  us,  till 
thou  hadft  confumed  us,  fo  that 
there  fhould  be  no  remnant  nor 
efcaping?  Pfal.  Ixxxix.  30.  If  his 
children  forfake  my  law,  and 
walk  not  in  my  judgments j  V.  31. 
If  they  break  my  Itatutes,  and  keep 
not  my  commandments  :  V.  32. 
Then  will  I  viiit  their  tranfgref- 
fion  with  the  rod,  and  their  ini- 
quity with  ftripes.  V.  33.  Isever- 
thclefs  my  loving-kindnefs  will  I 
not  utterly  take  from  him,  nor 
fuffer  my  faithfulnefs  to  fail. 
V.  34.  My  covenant  will  I  not 
break, 


1 1 6  The  Confejfion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XIX* 

fnewthem  God's  approbation  of  obedience,  and  what  blcflino;& 
they  may  exped  upon  the  performance  thereof ',  althougli 
not  as  due  to  them  by  the  law  as  a  covenant  of  works  » :  fo 
as  a  man's  doing  good,  and  reframmg  from  evil,  bccaufe  the 
law  encourageth  to  the  one,  and  deterreth  from  the  other, 
is  no  evidence  of  his  being  under  the  law,  and  not  under 
grace  '. 

Vll.    Neither  are  the    fore-mentioned  ufts  of   the  law 
contrary  to  the  grace  of  the  gofpel,  but  do  fwettly  comply 

with 


break,  nor  alter  the  thing  that  is 

gone  out  of  my  lips. 

'  [Lev.  xxvi.  to  the  i^ih  Verfe.'] 
With  2  Cor.  vi.  i6.  And  what 
agr-'v^nienthath  the  temple  of  (iod 
■with  idols?  for  ye  are  the  temple 
of  inc  living  God  ;  as  God  hath 
faid,  I  will  dwell  in  them,  and 
walk  in  them ;  and  I  will  be  their 
God,  and  they  fhall  be  my  people. 
Eph.  vi.  2 .  Honour  thy  father  and 
mother,  (wiiich  is  the  fir  it  com- 
mandment with  promife  , )  V .  3. 
That  it  may  be  well  with  thee, 
antl  thou  mayeft  live  long  on 
the  earth.  Pfal.  xxxvii.  1 1 .  But 
the  meek  fliall  inherit  the  earth  ; 
andfhiill  delight  themfelves  in  the 
abundance  of  peace.  With  Mat. 
V.  5.  Blefled  are  the  meek  :  for 
they  fliall  inherit  the  earth.  Pfal. 
xix.  1 1 .  Moreover,  by  them  is  thy 
fervant  warned :  and  in  keeping 
of  them  there  is  great  reward. 

^  Gul.  ii.  i6.  Knowing  that  a 
man  is  not  jultified  by  the  works 
of  the  law,  but  by  the  faith  of 
Jefus  Chriil ;  even  we  have  be- 
lieved in  Jefus  Chrill,  that  we 
niigiit  be  judilied  by  the  faith  of 
Chrifl,  ami  not  by  the  works  of 
the  law  :  for  by  the  works  of  the 
law  fluill  no  ilelh  be  julVified. 
Luke  xvii.  10.  So  likewife  ye, 
when  ye  fliall  have  done  all  thofe 
things  which  are  commanded  you, 
lay,  We  are  unprofitable  fervants j 


we  have  done  that  which. wa*  our 
duty  to  do. 

"  Rom.  vi.  12.  Let  not  fni, 
therefore,  reign  in  your  mortal 
body,  that  ye  Ihonld  obey  it  in 
the  luft.'j  thereof.  V .  14.  For  fni 
fliall  not  liavedoniinion  over  you: 
for  ye  are  not  under  the  law,  buf 
undergrace,  i  Pet.  iii.8.  Finally, 
be  ye  nil  of  one  mind,  having  com- 
pallion  one  of  another,  love  as  bre- 
thren, be  pitiful,  be  courteous: 
V  9.  Not  rendering  evil  for  evil, 
or  railing  for  railing;  but  con- 
trariwife,  blelTmg :  knowing  that 
ye  are  thereunto  called,  that  ye 
fliould  inherit  a  bleffing.  V.  10. 
For  he  that  will  love  life,,  and  fee 
good  days,  let  him  refrain  his 
tongue  from  evil,  and  his  lips  that 
they  fpeak  no  guile:  V.  11.  Let 
him  efchew  evil,  and  do  good  j 
let  him  feek  peace,  and  enl'ue  it. 
V.  12.  For  the  eyes  of  the  Lord 
are  over  the  righteous,  and  his 
ears  are  open  unto  their  prayers: 
but  the  face  of  the  Lord  is  againit 
them  that  do  evil.  With  Pfal. 
xxxiv.  12.  What  man  is  he  that 
delireth  life,  and  loveth  many 
days,  that  he  may  fee  good  .''  V.  1 3. 
Keep  thy  tongue  from  evil,  and 
thy  lipsfromfpeakingguile.  V.  1 4. 
Depart  from  evil,  and  do  good; 
feek  peace,  and  purfue  it.  \  .  1 5. 
The  eyes  of  the  Lord  are  upon 
the  righteous,  and  his  cars  are 
open 


Chap  XX.  .  The  CQJifeJfmi  of  Faith.  iij 

vviih  it  ^'',  the  Spirit  of  Chrill  fubduin^  and  enabling'  the  will 
of  man  to  do  that  freely  and  cheerfully  which  tiie  will  of 
God  revealed  in  the  law  requireth  to  be  done  ''. 


CHAP.  XX.  OfCbriJlian  Liberty,  ami  Liberty  ofConfcience. 

THE  libe?'ty  which  Chrill  hath  purchafed  for  believers 
under  the  gofpel  cpnfifls  in  their  freedom  from  the 
guilt  of  fm,  the  condemning  wrath  of  God,  the  curfe  of  the 
moral  law  =» ;  and  in  their  being  delivered  from  this  prefent 
evil  world,  bondage  to  Satan,  and  dominion  of  fin  ^,  from 

the 


t>pen  unto  their  cry.  V.  16.  The 
fiice  of  the  Lord  is  againll  them 
that  do  evil,  to  cut  ofFthe  remem- 
brance of  them  from  the  earth. 
Hcb.xii.  28.  Wherefore,  we  re- 
ceiving a  kingdom  whicii  cannot 
be  moved,  let  us  have  grace, 
whereby  we  may  ferve  God  ac- 
ceptably, with  reverence  and 
^odlyfear.  V.  29.  For  our  God 
is  a  confuming  fire. 

VII.  '^  Gal.  iii.  21-  Is  the  law 
^heh  againft  the  promifes  of  God  ? 
God  forbid :  for  if  there  had  been 
a  law  given  which  could  have  gi- 
ven life,  verily  righteoufnefsfliould 
have  been  by  the  law. 

*  Ezek.  xxKvi.  27.  And  I  will 
put  my  Spirit  within  you,  and 
caufe  you  to  walk  in  my  ftatutes, 
and  ye  fhall  keep  my  judgments, 
.and  do  them.  Heb.  viii.  10.  For 
this  is  the  coven;int  that  I  will 
make  with  the  houfe  of  Ifrael  ; 
After  thofe  days,  faith  the  Lord, 
I  will  put  my  la^ys into  their  mind, 
and  write  them  in  their  hearts: 
and  I  will  be  to  them  a  God,  and 
they  fhall  be  to  me  a  people. 
With  Jer.  xxxi.  33.  But  this  ihall 
•be  the  covenant  that  I  will  make 
with  the  houfe  of  Ifrael ;  After 
thofe  days,  faith  the  Lord,  I  will 
put  my  law  in  their  inward  parts, 
and  wTite  it  in  their  hearts :  and 


will  be  their  God,  and  they  (hall 
be  my  people. 

I.  *  Tit.  ii.  14.  Who  gave  hlm- 
felf  for  us,  that  he  miglit  redeem 
us  from  all  iniquity,  and  purify 
unto  himfelf  a  peculiar  people, 
zealous  of  good  works,  i  TheflT. 
i.  10.  And  to  wait  for  his  Son  from 
heaven,  whom  he  raifed  from  the 
dead,  even  Jefus,  which  delivered 
lis  from  the  wrath  to  come.  GaL 
iii.  13.  CJn-ift  hath  redeemed  us 
from  the  curfe  of  the  law,  being 
made  a  curfe  for  us  :  for  it  is  writ- 
ten, Curfed  is  every  one  that  hang- 
eth  on  a  tree. 

*>  Gal.  i.  4.  Who  gave  himfelf 
for  our  lins,  that  he  might  deliver 
us  from  this  prefent  evil  world, 
according  to  the  will  of  God  and 
our  Father.  Col.  i.  13.  Who  hath 
delivered  u.s  from  the  power  of 
darknefs,  and  hath  tranflated  us 
into  the  kingdom  of  his  dear  Son. 
A£ls  xxvi.  r8  To  open  their  eyes, 
and  to  turn  them  from  darknefs 
to  light,  and  from  the  power  of 
Satan  unto  God.  that  they  may 
receive  forgivenefs  of  fins,  and  in- 
heritance among  them  which  are 
fanftified  by  faith  that  is  in  me. 
Rom.  vi.  1 4.  For  Cm  fhall  not  have 
dominion  over  you :  for  ye  a,re 
not  under  the  law,  but  under 
grace. 

'  Rom. 


ri8 


^he  Confefflon  of  Faith ^ 


■  Oiap.XX* 

the  evil  of  afflidions,  the  ffcing^  of  death,  the  victory  of  the 
grave,  and  everlafling  damnation  « ;  as  alfo  in  their  free  ac- 
cefs  to  God  ^,  and  their  yielding  obedience  unto  him,  not  out 
of  flavifh  fear,  but  a  cliild-like  love,  and  willing  mind  «.  All 
which  were  common  alfo  to  believers  under  the  law  ^ ;  but 
under  the  new  teflament,  the  liberty  of  Chriflians  is  further 
enlarged  in  their  freedom  from  the  yoke  of  the  ceremonial 
law,  to  which  the  Jewidi  church  was  fubje^led  «,  and  in  greater 

boldnefs 


*  Rom.  viii.  28.  We  know  that 
all  things  work  together  for  good 
to  them  that  love  God,  to  them 
who  are  the  called  according  to 
his  piirpofe.  Pfal.  cxix  71.  It  is 
good  for  me  that  I  have  been 
afflicted  :  that  I  might  learn 
thy  ftatutes.  i  Cor.  xv.  54.  So 
when  this  corruptible  fliall  have 
put  on  incorruption,  and  this 
mortal  Ihall  have  put  on  immor- 
tality, then  fhall  be  brought  to 
pafs  the  faying  that  is  written, 
Death  is  fsvallowed  up  in  viftory. 
V.  s5'  O  death,  where  is  thy 
fting  ?  O  grave,  where  is  thy 
viaory  ?  V.  56.  The  fting  of 
death  is  fui  ;  and  the  ftrength 
of  fm  is  the  law:  V.  57.  But 
thanks  be  to  God,  which  giveth 
us  the  viftory,  through  our  Lord 
JefusChrifl.  Rom.  viii.  i.  There 
is,  therefore,  now  no  condemna- 
tion to  them  which  are  in  Chriil 
Jefu5,  who  walk  not  after  the 
flelh,  but  after  the  Spirit- 

•*  Rom  V.  I.  Therefore  being 
juftitied  by  faith,  we  have  peace 
with  God,  through  our  Lord  Je- 
fus  Chrift.  V.  2.  By  whom  aUb 
we  have  accefs  by  faith  into  this 
grace  wiierein  we  ftand,  and  re- 
joice in  hope  of  the  glory  of  God. 

*  Rom.  viii.  14  For  as  many  as 
are  led  by  the  Spirit  of  God,  they 
are  the  fons  of  God.  V.  i  5.  For 
ye  have  not  received  the  fpirit  of 
bondage  again  to  fear  3  but  ye  have 


received  the  Spirit  of  adoption, 
whereby  we  cry,  Abba,  Father. 
I  John  iv.  »8.  There  is  no  fear  in 
love ;  but  perfetSt  love  cafteth  out 
fear :  becaufe  fear  hath  torment : 
he  that  feareth  is  not  made  perfect 
in  love. 

^Gal.  iii.  9.  So  then,  they  which 
be  of  faith  are  blefied  with  faith- 
ful Abraham.  V.  14  That  the 
blefling  of  Abraham  might  come 
on  the  Gentiles  through  Jefus 
Ghrift  j  that  we  might  receive 
the  promife  of  the  Spirit  through 
faith. 

^  Gal.  iv.  I.  Now  I  fay,  that 
the  heir,  as  long  as  he  is  a  child, 
differeth  nothing  from  a  fervant, 
though  he  be  lord  of  all;  V.  2» 
But  is  under  tutors  and  governors 
until  the  time  appointed  of  the  fa- 
ther V.  3.  Even  fo  we,  when  we 
were  children,  were  in  bondage 
under  the  elements  of  the  world. 
V.  6.  And  becaufe  ye  are  foas, 
God  hath  fent  forth  the  Spirit  of 
his  Son  into  your  hearts,  crying, 
Abba,  Father.  V.  7.  Wherefore 
thou  art  no  more  a  fervant,  but  a 
fon;  and  if  a  fon,  then  an  heir  of 
God  through  Ghrift.  Gal.  v.  i. 
Stand  faft,  therefore,  in  the  li- 
berty wherewith  Ghrift  hath  made 
us  free,  and  be  not  entangled  a- 
gain  with  the  yoke  of  bondage. 
A6ts  XV.  10.  Now,  therefore,  why 
tempt  ye  God,  to  put  a  yoke  upon 
the  neck  of  the  diftiples,  which 
neither 


Chap.  XX.  Yhe  Confefion  of  Faith.  1 1 9 

boldncTs  of  accefs  to  the  throne  of  grace  i',  and  in  fuller 
communications  of  the  free  Spirit  of  God,  than  believers  un- 
der the  law  did  ordinarily  partake  of'. 

11.  God  alone  is  Lord  of  the  confcience  ^,  and  hath  left  it 
free  from  the  dodrincs  and  commandments  of  men  which 
arc  in  any  thing  contrary  to  his  word,  or  befide  it,  in  matters 
of  faith  or  worlhip  '.     So  that  to  believe  fuch  dodrines,  or 

to 


neither  our  fathers  nor  we  were 
able  to  bear?  V.  11.  But  we  be- 
lieve that  through  the  grace  of  the 
Lord  Jefus  Chrift  we  fliall  be  fa- 
ved,  even  as  they. 

*>  Heb.  iv.  14.  Seeing  then  that 
we  have  a  great  high  prieft,  that 
is  pafled  hito  the  heavens,  Jefus 
the  Son  of  God,  let  us  hold  faft 
our  profeifion.  V.  16.  Let  us, 
therefore,  come  boldly  unto  the 
throne  of  grace,  that  we  may  ob- 
tain mercy,  and  find  grace  to  help 
in  time  of  need.  Heb.  x.  19.  Ha- 
ving, therefore,  brethren,  bold- 
nefs  to  enter  mto  the  holiefl  by 
the  blood  of  Jefus,  V.  20.  By  a 
new  and  living  way,  which  he 
hath  confecrated  for  us  through 
the  vail,  that  is  to  fay,  his  fielh. 
V.  21.  And  having  an  high  prieft 
over  the  houfe  of  God,  V.  22.  Let 
us  draw  near  with  a  true  heart, 
in  full  alfurance  of  faith,  having 
our  hearts  fprinklcd  from  an  evil 
confcience,  and  our  bodies  wafhed 
with  pure  water. 

*  John  vii.  38.  He  that  believeth 
©n  me,  as  the  fcripture  hath  faid, 
out  of  his  belly  (hall  flow  rivers 
of  living  water.  V.  39.  But  this 
fpake  he  of  the  Spirit,  which  they 
that  believe  on  him  fhould  re- 
ceive:  for  the  Holy  Ghoft  was 
not  yet  given,  becaufe  that  Jefus 
was  not  yet  glorified.  2  Cor. 
iii.  1 3.  And  not  as  Mofes,  whicli 
put  a  vail  over  his  face,  that  the 
children  of  Ifrael  could  not  fted- 


faftly  look  to  the  end  of  that 
which  is  abolifhed.  V.  1 7.  Now, 
the  Lord  is  that  Spirit :  and  where 
the  Spirit  of  the  Lord  is  there  is 
liberty.  V.  18.  But  we  all  with 
open  face,  beholding  as  in  a  glafs 
the  glory  of  the  Lord,  are  changed 
into  the  fame  image,  from  glory 
to  glory,  even  as  by  the  Spirit  of 
the  Lord. 

IL  ''James  iv.  12.  There  is  one 
lawgiver,  who  is  able  to  fave  and 
to  deftroy  :  who  ait  thou  that 
judgeft  another?  Rom.  xiv.  4. 
Who  art  thou  that  judgeft  ano- 
ther man's  fervant  ?  to  his  own 
mafter  he  ftandeth  or  falleth  : 
yea,  he  fhall  be  holden  up  :  for 
God  is  able  to  make  him  ftand. 

'A£lsiv.  19.  But  Peter  and  John 
anfwered,  and  faid  unto  them, 
Whether  it  be  right  in  the  fight 
of  God  to  hearken  unto  you  more 
than  unto  God,  judge  ye.  Afts 
V.  29.  Then  Peter  and  the  other 
apoftles  anfwered,  and  faid.  We 
ought  to  obey  God  rather  than 
men.  i  Cor.  vii.  23.  Ye  are 
bought  with  a  price,  be  not  ye 
thefervantsof  men.  Mat  xxiii.8. 
But  be  not  ye  called  Rabbi  :  for 
one  is  your  Mafter,  even  Chrift, 
and  all  ye  are  brethren.  V  9. 
And  call  no  man  your  father  up- 
on the  earth  :  for  one  is  your 
Father,which  is  in  heaven.  V.  lo. 
Neither  be  ye  called  Mailers  :  for 
one  is  your  Mafter,  even  Chrift. 
2  Cor.  i,  24.  Not  for  that  we  have 
dominion 


120  Vje  Confefton  of  Faith,  Cliap.  XX. 

to  obey  fuch  commandments  out  of  confcience,  is  to  betray 
true  liberty  of  confcience  "» ;  and  die  requiring  of  an  implicit 
faith,  and  an  tbfolute  and  blind  obedience,  is  to  deflroy  liberty 
of  confcience,  and  reafon  alfo  «. 

III.  They  who, upon  pretence  of  Chriilian  liberty,  do  praflife 
any  fin,  or  cherilh  any  luft,  do  thereby  dcftroy  the  end  of 

Chriflian 


dominion  over  your  faith,  but  are 
helpers  of  your  joy :  for  by  faith 
ye  ft  and.  Mat.  xv.  9.  But  in  vain 
they  do  worfliip  me»  teaching 
for  doctrines  the  commandments 
of  men. 

"'  Col.  ii.  20  Wherefore,  if  ye 
be  dead  with  Chrifl  from  tlie 
rudiments  of  the  world,  why,  as 
though  living  in  tiie  world,  are 
ye  fubje£l  to  ordinances,  V.  22. 
Which  all  are  to  periHi  with  the 
ufrng,  after  the  commandments 
and  doftrines  of  men?  V.  23 
Which  things  have  indeed  a  fhew 
of  wifdom  in  will-worlhip,  and 
humility,  and  neglefting  of  the 
body ;  not  in  any  honour  to  the 
fatisfying  of  the  flefh.  Gal.  i.  10. 
For  do  1  now  perfuade  men  or 
God  ?  or  do  I  feek  to  pleafe  men  ? 
for  if  I  yet  pleafed  men,  I  fliould 
not  be  the  fervant  of  Chrift.  Gal. 
ii.  4.  And  that  becaufe  of  falfe 
brethren  unawares  brought  in, 
who  came  in  privily  to  fpy  out 
our  liberty  which  we  have  in 
Chrift  Jefus,  that  they  might 
bringus  into  bondage  V.  5.  To 
vlioni  we  gave  place  by  fub- 
jeclion  no  not  for  an  hour  ;  that 
the  truth  of  the  gofpel  might 
continue  with  you.  Gal.  v.  t  . 
Stand  faft,  therefore,  in  the 
liberty  wherewith  Chrift  hath 
made  us  free,  and  be  not  entan- 
gled again  with  the  yoke  of  bon- 
dage, 

°  Rom.  X.   17.   So  then,  faith 
Cometh  by  hearing,  and  hearing 


bythewordofGod.  Rom.xiv.23. 
And  he  that  doubteth  is  damned 
if  he  eat,  becaufe  he  eateth  not  of 
faith :  for  whatfoever  is  not  of 
faith  is  fm.  Ifa.viii.  20.  To  the 
law,  and  to  the  teftimony :  if  they 
fpeak  not  according  to  this  word, 
it  is  becaufe  there  is  no  light  in 
them.  Afts  xvii.  1 1 .  Thefe  were 
more  noble  than  thofe  in  Tliella- 
lonica,  in  that  they  received 
the  word  with  all  readinrfs  of 
mind,  and  fearchcd  the  fcriptures 
daily,  whether  thofe  things  were 
fo.  John  iv.  22.  Ye  worlbip  ye 
know  not  what :  we  know  what 
we  worfliip;  for  falvation  is  of 
the  Jews.  Hof.  v.  r  i .  Ephraim 
is  opprefled,  and  broken  in  judg- 
ment; becaufe  he  willingly 
walked  after  the  commandment. 
Rev.xiii.12.  And  he  exercifeth 
all  the  power  of  the  firft  bealt 
before  him,  and  caufeth  the 
earth,  and  them  which  dwell 
therein,  to  worfliip  the  firft  beaft, 
whofe  deadly  wound  was  healed. 
V.  16.  And  he  caufetii  all,  both 
fmali  and  great,  rich  and  poor, 
free  and  bond,  to  receive  a  mark 
in  their  right  hand,  or  in  their 
foreheads:  V.  17.  And  that  no 
man  might  buy  or  fell,  fave  he 
that  had  the  mark,  or  the  nanie 
of  the  beaft,  or  the  number  of  his 
name.  Jcr.  viii.  9.  The  wife  men 
are  afliamed,  they  are  dilniayed 
and  taken;  lo,  they  have  rejedled 
the  word  of  the  Lord,  and  what 
wifdom  is  in  them .'' 

III.  ^Gal 


Chap.  XX.  The  Co7ifeffion  of  Faith.         ^  .121 

Chriflian  liberty;  ^vIlicll  is,  that,  being  deliver^  ont  of  the 
hands  of  our  enemies,  we  might  ferve  the  Lord  without  fear, 
in  holinefs  and  righteouihefs  before  him,  all  the  days  of  our 
Hfeo. 

IV.  And  becaufe  the  powers  which  God  hath  ordained,  and 
the  liberty  which  Chiift  hath  purchafed,  are  not  intended  by 
God  to  deflroy,  "out  mutually  to  uphold  and  prel'erve  one 
another  ;  they  who,  upon  pretence  of  Chrillian  Hberty,  (liall 
oppofe  any  lawful  power,  or  the  lawful  exercife  of  it,  whether 
it  be  civil  or  ecclefiallical,  refift  the  ordinance  of  God  p. 
And  for  their  publifliing  of  fuch  opinions,  or  maintaining  of 
fuch  practices,  as  are  contrary  to  the  light  of  nature,  or  to 
the  known  principles  of  Chrillianity,  whether  concerning  faith, 
worlliip,  or  converiation ;  or  to  the  power  ofgodlinefs;  or 
fuch  erroneous  opinions  or  practices,  as  either,  in  their  own 
nature,  or  in  the  manner  of  publifiiing  or  maintaining  them, 
are  dcftru^tive  to  the  external  peace  and  order  which  Chrifl 
hath  eftablillied  in  the  church  ;  they  may  lawfully  be  called 

to 


III.   *»  Gal.  V.  13.  For,  bre- 
thren, ye  have  been  called  unto 
liberty ;  only  ufe  not  liberty  for 
an  occafion  to  the  flefli,   but  by 
iove  ferve  one  another,     i  Pet. 
li.    16.   As  free,    and  not  ufmg 
your  liberty  for  a  cloak  of  mali- 
cioufnefs,  but  as  the  fervants   of 
God.     2  Pet.  ii.  19.  While  they 
promife  them  liberty,  they  them- 
felves  are   the    fervants   of  cor- 
ruption :    for   of  whom   a  man 
is  overcome,   of  the  fame  is  he 
brought  in  bondage.     John  viii. 
34.  Jefus    anfwered   them,    Ve- 
rily,   verily,    I    fay    unto    you, 
Whofoever    committeth    fm    is 
the  fervant  of  fm.     Luke  i.  74. 
That  he  would  grant  unto  us, 
that  we,  being  delivered  out  of 
the  hands  of  our  enemies,  might 
ferve  him  without  fear,  ^  V.  75. 
In  holinefs  and  righteoufnefs  be- 
fore  him,   all  the  days  of  our 
life. 


IV.  P  Mat.  xii.  25.  And  Jefus 
knew  their  thoughts,  and  faid  un- 
to them,  Every  kingdom  divided 
againfl;  itfelf  is  brought  to  defo- 
lation;  and  every  city  or  houTe 
divided  againft  itfelf  fliall  not 
(land.  I  Pet.  ii-  13.  Submit  your- 
fclves  to  every  ordinance  of  maa 
for  the  Lord's  fake:  whether  it 
be  to  thekingiasfupreme;  V.14. 
Or  unto  governors,  as  unto  them 
that  are  fent  by  him  for  the  punifli- 
ment  of  evil-doers,  and  for  the 
praife  of  them  that  do  well.  V.  1 6. 
As  free,  and  not  ufmg  your  li- 
berty for  a  cloak  of  maliciouf- 
nefs,  but  as  the  fervants  of  God. 
[Rom.  xiii.  i.  to  the  '8th  VerJ'e.'] 
Heb,  xiii.  17.  Obey  them  that 
have  the  rule  over  you,  and  fub- 
mit  yourfelves:  for  they  watch 
for  your  fouls,  as  they  that  mull 
give  account :  that  they  may  do 
it  with  joy,  and  not  with  grief  j 
for  that  ii,  unprofitable  for  you. 


I  lA 


f22  The  ■  Confeffion  of  Faith,  Chap.  .XX. 

to  account,-  and  }3roceeded  agaiiiic  by  tlie  cenfiires  of  the 
c]iurch  'i,  and  by  the  power  of  the  civil  magiflrate  >•. 

CHAP. 


^  Rom.  i.  32. Who  knowing  the 
judgment  of  God,  (that  they 
-which  commit  fuch  things  are 
worthy  of  deiith, )  not  only  do  the 
fame,  but  have  pleaiure  in  them 
that  do  them.  With  i  Cor.  v.  i. 
It  is  reported  commonly  that  there 
is  fornication  among  you,  and 
fuch  fornication  as  is  not  fo  much 
33  named  amongft  the  Gentiles, 
that  one  fhould  have  his  father's 
'wife.  V.  5.  To  deliver  fuch  an 
one  unto  Satan  for  the  deftruc- 
tion  of  the  flefli,  that  the  fpirit 
may  be  faved  in  the  day  of  the 
Lord  Jefus.  V.  1 1 .  But  now  I 
have  written  unto  you,  not  to 
kee'^  company,  if  any  man  that  is 
called  a  brother  be  a  fornicator, 
or  covetous,  or  an  idolater,  or  a 
railer,  or  a  drunkard,  or  an  ex- 
tortioner, with  fuch  an  one  no 
not  to  eat.  V.  1 3.  But  them  that 
are  without  God  judgeth.  There- 
fore put  away  from  among  your- 
felves  that  wicked  perfon.  2  John, 
Ver.  10.  If  there  come  any  unto 
you,  and  bring  not  this  do£lrine, 
receive  him  not  into  your  houfe, 
neither bidhim God  fpeed.  V.  1 1 . 
For  he  that  biddeth  liini  God 
fpeed  is  partaker  of  his  evil  deeds. 
And  2  Their,  iii.  14.  And  if  any 
man  obey  not  our  word  by  this 
epirtle,  note  that  man,  and  have 
no  company  with  him,  that  he 
may  be  afliamed.  And  i  Tim. 
vi.  3.  If  any  man  teach  otherwife, 
and  confent  not  to  wholefome 
words,  even  the  words  of  our 
Lord  Jefus  Chrift,  and  to  the  doc- 
trine which  is  according  to  godli- 
nefs;  V.  4.  He  is  proud,  know- 
ing nothing,  but.  doting  about 
queftions  and  ftrifes  of  words, 


wliereof  cometh  en^7,  ftrife,  rail- 
ings, evil  furmifmgs,  V.  5.  Per- 
verfe  difputings  of  men  of  cor- 
rupt minds,  and  deftitute  of  the 
truth,  fuppofmg  thnt  gain  is  god- 
linefs  :  from  fuch  withdraw  thy- 
felf.  And  Tit.  i.  10.  For  there 
are  m.any  unruly  and  vain  talkers 
and  deceivers,  efpecially  they  of 
the  circumcifion  :  V.  1 1 .  Whofe 
mouths  muft  be  flopped,  who 
fubvert  whole  houfes,  teaching 
things  which  they  ought  not,  for 
filthy  lucre's  fake.  V.  13.  This 
witncfs  is  true  :  wherefore  rebuke 
them  iharply,  that  they  may  be 
found  in  the  faith.  And  Tit. 
iii.  10.  A  man  that  is  an  heretick, 
after  the  firft  and  fecond  admoni- 
tion, rejeft.  With  Mat.  xviii.  15. 
Moreover,  if  thy  brother  Ihall 
trefpafs  againft  thee,  go  and  tell 
him  his  fault  between  thee  and 
him  alone  :  if  he  Ihall  hear  thee, 
thou  haft  gained  thy  brother, 
V.  1 6.  But  if  he  will  not  hear 
thee,  then  take  with  thee  one  or 
two  more,  that  in  the  mouth  of 
two  or  three  witnelTes  every  word 
may  be  eftabliflied.  V.  17.  And 
if  he  fliall  negled  to  hear  them, 
tell  it  unto  the  church  :  but  if  he 
negleft  to  hear  the  church,  let 
him  be  unto  thee  as  an  heathen 
man,  and  apublican.  i  Tim.i.  19. 
Holding  faith  and  a  good  cpn- 
fcience;  which  fome  having  put 
away,  concerning  faith  have  made 
fliip wreck.  V.  20.  Of  whom  is 
Hymeneus  and  Alexander ;  whom 
I  have  delivered  unto  Satan,  that 
they  may  learn  not  to  blafpheme. 
Rev.  ii.'2.  I  know  thy  works,  and 
thy  labour,  and  thy  patience,  and 
how  thou  canft  not  bear  t^iem 
which 


Chap.  XXI.  The  Confefion  of  Faith.  123 

'  CHAP.  XXI.  Of  Religious  JVorJlnp,  and  the  Sdhath-day. 

TH  E  light  of  nature  (lieweth  that  there  is  a  God,  who 
hatli  lorddiip  and  fovereignty  over  all ;  is  good,  and 

doeth 


\vliich  are  evil :  and  thou  haft  tried 
them  which  fay  they  are  cTOollles, 
and  are  not ;  and  hall  found  them 
lyars.  V.  r  4.  But  I  have  a  few 
things  againft  thee,  hecaufe  thou 
ha{t  there  them  that  hold  the  doc- 
trine of  Balaam,  who  taught  Ba- 
lac  to  call  a  ftumbling-block  be- 
fore the  children  of  Ifrael,  to  eat 
things  facrificed  unio  idols,  and 
to  commit  fornication.  V.  15. 
So  haft  thou  alfo  them  that  hold 
the  doctrine  of  the  Nicolaitans, 
which  thing  I  hate.  V.  20-  Not- 
withftanding,  1  have  a  few  things 
againft  thee,  becaule  thou  fuffer- 
cft  that  woman  Jezebel,  wiiich 
calleth  herfelf  a  prophetefs,  to 
teach  and  feduce  my  fervants  to 
commit  fornication,  and  to  eat 
things  facrificed  unto  idols.  Rev. 
iii.  9.  Behold,  I  will  make  them 
of  the  fynagogue  of  Satan,  (which 
fay  they  are  Jews,  and  are  not, 
but  do  lye, )  behold,  I  will  make 
them  to  come  and  worfhip  before 
thy  feet,  and  to  i«iow  that  I  have 
loved  thee. 

•■[Deut.  xiii.  6.  to  thei2.'\  Rom. 
s^i.  3.  For  rulers  are  not  a  terror 
to  good  works,  but  to  the  evil, 
wilt  thou  then  not  be  afraid  of 
the  power  ?  do  that  which  is  good, 
and  thou  flialt  have  praife  of  the 
fame  :  V.  4.  For  he  is  the  mini- 
fter  of  God  to  thee  for  good-  But 
if  thou  do  that  which  is  evil,  be 
afraid ;  for  he  beareth  not  the 
Cword  in  vain :  for  he  is  the  mini- 
fter  of  God,  a  revenger  to  execute 
wrath  upon  him  that  doeth  evil. 
With  2  John,  Verfes  r  o,  11.  {^See 
in Jeiter ''.J     Ezra vii.  33.  What- 


foever  k  commanded  by  the  God 
of  heaven,  let  it  be  diligently 
done  for  the  houfe  of  the  God  of 
heaven  :  for  why  fhould  there  be 
uTath  agaiirft  the  realm  of  the 
king  and  his  Tons?  V.  25.  And 
thou,  Fzra,  after  the  wifdom  of 
thy  God  that  is  in  t?.:ne  hand,  fet 
magiftratesand  judges,  which  may 
judge  all  the  people  that  are  be- 
yond the  river,  all  fuch  as  know 
the  laws  of  thy  God  ;  and  teach 
ye  them  that  know  them  not. 
V.  26.  Andv/hofoever  will  not  do 
the  law  of  thy  God,  and  the  law 
of  the  king,  let  judgment  be  exe- 
cuted fpeedilyupon  him,  whether 
it  be  unto  death,  or  to  banifhment, 
or  to  confircation  of  goods,  or  to 
imprifonment.  V.  27.  Blefled  be 
the  Lord  God  of  bur  fathers, 
which  hath  put  fuch  a  thing  as 
this  in  the  king's  heart,  to  beauti- 
fy the  houfe  of  the  Lord  which 
is  in  Jerufalem :  V.  28.  And  hath 
extended  mercy  unto  me  before 
the  king  and  his  counfellors,  and 
beforealltheking'smightyprinces; 
and  I  was  ftrengthened,  as  the 
hand  of  the  Lord  my  God  was 
upon  me,  and  I  gathered  together 
out  of  Ifrael  chief  men  to  go  up 
with  me.  Rev  xvii.  12.  And  the 
ten  horns  whic  h  thou  faweft  are 
teu  kings,  which  have  received 
no  kingdom  as  yet ;  but  receive 
power  as  kings  one  hour  with  the 
beaft.  V.  16.  And  the  ten  horns 
which  thou  faweft  upon  the  bcaft^ 
thefe  ihall  hate  the  whore,  and 
fhall  make  her  defolate  and  na- 
ked, and  fliall  eat  her  tlefli,  and 
burn  her  with  fire.  V.  17.  For 
F  2  Ciod 


^  24  The  Confifion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XXL 

doetli  good  unto  all;  and  is  therefore  to  be  feared,  loved, 
praifed,  called  upon,  trufted  iii,  and  ferved,  with  all  the  heart, 

and 


God  hath  put  In  their  hearts  lo 
fulfil  his  will,  and  to  agree,  and 
to  give  their  kingdom  unto  the 
beaft,  until  the  words  of  God  fliall 
be  fulfilled,      ?seh.  xiii.  15.  In 
thofe  days  faw  I  in  Judah  Tome 
treading  wincrpreiles  on  the  fab- 
bath,    and  bringing   in  flieaves, 
und  lading  aiFes;  as  alfo  wine, 
grapes,  and  figs,  and  all  manner 
of  burdens,  which  they  brought 
in.to  Jerufalem   on  the  fabbath- 
day :  and  I  teflified  againll  them 
in  the  day  wherein  they  fold  vic- 
tuals.    V.  ry.  Then  1  contended 
with  the  nobles  of  judih,    and 
faid  unto  them.  What  evil  thing 
is  this  that  ye  do,,  and  profane  the 
fabbath-day?   V.  21  .ThenI  tdti- 
hed  againft  them,  and  faid  unto 
them,  Why  lodge  ye  about  the 
wall  ?  If  ye  do  fo  again,  I  will  lay 
hands  on  you.     From  that  time 
forth  came  they  no  more  on  the 
fabbatii.      V/ 22.    And   I    com- 
manded, tlie  Lcvites,   that  they 
iliould  cleanfe    themfelves,    and 
that  they  Ihould  come  and  keep 
the  gates,  to  fanclify  the  fibbath- 
day.    Remember  me,  O  my  CJod, 
concerning  this   alfo,    and  fpare 
me  accprfling  to  the  greatnefs  of 
thy  mercy.     V.  25.  And  I   con- 
tended with   them,    and  ciirfed 
them,  and  fmote  certaiu  of  them, 
and  plucked  otf  their  hair,    and 
made  them  fwear  by  God,  faying. 
Ye  fliall  not  give  your  daughters 
unto  their  fon?,   nor  take  their 
daughters  unto  your  fons,  or  for 
yourlJflves.,    V.  30.  Thus  clean- 
fed  I  them  from  all  Grangers,  and 
appointed  the  wards  of  the  pri^fts 
and  the  Levitts,  every  one  in  his 
bufniefs.     2  Kings  xxiii.  5-  And 
be,put  down  the  idolatrous pnefts, 


whom  the  kings  of  Judah  had  or- 
dained to  burn  incenfe  in  the  high 
places  in  the  cities  of  Judah,  and 
m  the  places  round  about  Jerufa- 
lem ;  them  alfo  that  burnt  incenfe 
unto  Baal,  to  the  fun,  and  to  the 
moon,  and  to  the  planets,  and  to 
all  thehofl  of  heaven.    V.  6.  And 
he  brought  out  the  grove  from  the 
houfeot  the  Lord,  without  Jeru- 
falem, unto  the  brook  Kidron, 
and  burnt  it  at  the  brook  Kidron, 
and  (lamped  it  fmall  to  po\\dcr, 
and  call  the  powder  thereof  ujjon 
the  graves  of  the  children  of  tlie 
people.     V.  9.  Neverthelefs,  th.e 
priefts  of  the  high  i)laces  came  not 
up  to  the  altar  of  the  Lord  in  Je- 
rUfalcm,  but  they  did  eat  of  tlie 
unleavened    bread   among    their 
brethren.    V.  20.  And  he  flew  all 
the  priells  of  the  high  places  that 
we're  there  irpon  the  altars,  and 
burnt  men''s  bones  upon  them,  and 
returned  to  Jerufdem.      V.  21. 
And  the  king  commanded  all  the 
people,  faying,  Keep  the  pafro\'er 
unto  the  Lord  your  God,  as  it  is 
written  in  the  book  of  this  cove- 
nant.    2  Chron.  xxxiv.  33.  And 
Joliah  took  iuvay  all  the  abomi- 
nations out  of  all  the  countries 
that  pertained  to  the  children  of 
Ifrael,  and  made  all   that  were 
prcfent  in  Ifrael  to  ferve,  even  to 
ferve  the  Lord  tiitir  God.     /  nd 
all  his  (lays  thty  departed  not  from 
following  the  Lord,   liie    jod  of 
their  fatners.      2  Chron.  xv.  12. 
And  tiiey  entered  into  a  covenant 
to  feek  the   Lord    ^od   of  rheir 
fathers,  with  all  their  heart  and 
with  all  their  foul ;    \  •  1  3-  Tliat 
whofoever   woi^ld   not    feek  the 
Lord  God  of  Ifrael  ihould  be  put 
to  death,  whether  fmail  o  great, 
whethtr 


Chap.  XXI.  The  Confefion  of  Faith.  125 

and  with  all  the  foul,  and  with  all  the  might  =>.  But  the  ac- 
ceptable way  of  wwlhipping  the  true  God  is  inftituted  by 
hiniielf,  and  lb  limited  by  his  own  revealed  will,  that  he  may 
not  be  worihipped  according  to  the  imaginations  and  devices 

of 

whether  man  or  woman.    V.  16. 

And alfo concerning  Maachah,  the 

mother  of  Ala  the  king,  he  removed 

her  from  being  queen,  becanfe  fhe 

had  maile  an  idol  in  a  grove  :  and 

Afa  cut  down  her  idol^  and  (lamp- 
ed it,   and  burnt  it  at  the  brook 

Kidron.    Dan.  iii.  29.  Therefore 

I   make  a  decree,    That   e/ery 

people,    naiion,    and    language, 

which  fpeak  any  thing  amifs  a- 

gainft  the  God  of  Shadrach,  Me- 

ihach,  and  Abednego,  fhall  be  cut 

in  pieces,  and  their  houfes  Ihall  be 

made  a  dung- hill;  becaufe  there 

is  no  other  god  that  can  deliver 

after  this  fort.     1  Tim.  ii.  2.  For 

kings,  and  for  all  that  are  in  au- 
thority;  that  we  may  lead  a  quiet 

and  peaceable  life  in  all  godiinefs 

and  honefty.     Ifa.  xlix.  23.  And 

kings  (hall  be  thy  nurfmg-fathers, 

and  their  queens  thy  nurfing- mo- 
thers :   they  ihall   bow  down  to 

thee  with  their  face  toward  the 

earth,  and  lick  up  the  duft  of  thy 
feet,  and  thou  (halt  know  that  I 
am  the  Lord  :  for  they  (hall  not 
be  a(hamed  that  wait  for  rae. 
Zech.  xiii.  2.  And  it  (hall  come  to 
pafs,  in  that  day,  faith  the  Lord  of 
hofts,  that  I  will  cut  otf  the  names 
of  the  idols  out  of  the  land,  and 
they  (liali  no  more  be  remember- 
ed :  and  alfo  I  will  caufe  the  pro- 
phets and  the  unclean  fpirit  to 
pafs  out  of  the  land.  V.  3.  And 
It  (hall  come  to  pafs,  that  when 
any  (hall  yet  prophely,  then  his 
father  and  his  mother  that  begat 
him  (hall  fay  unto  him,  Thou 
fhalt  not  live  ;  for  thou  fpeakelt 
lyes  in  the  name  of  the  Lord ; 


and  his  father  and  his  mother 
that  begat  him  fliall  thrull  him 
througli  when  he  prophelieth. 

L   *  Rom.  i.  20.  For  the  in- 
vifible  things  of  him  from  tiie 
,  creation  of  the  world  are  clearly 
feen^    being  underftood    by  the 
things  that  are   made,  even  his 
eternal  power  and  Godheavl ;  fo 
that    they  are  without   excufe. 
A^ls  xvii.  24.  God  that  made  the 
world,    and    all  things  therein, 
feeing  that  he  is  Lord  of  heaven 
and  earth,  dwelleth  not  in  temples 
made  with  hands.    Pfal.  cxix.  68. 
Thou  art  good,  and  doeft  good  : 
teach  me  thy  llatutes.    Jer.  x.  7. 
Who  would  not  fear  thee,  O  King 
of  nations  ?   for  to  thee  doth   it 
appertain  :    forafmuch  as  among 
ail  the  wife  men  of  the  nations, 
and  in  all  their  kingdoms,  there 
is  none  like   unto   thee.      Pfal. 
xxxi.  2  J.  O  love  the  Lord,  all  ye 
his  faints :  for  the  Lord  preferveth 
the  faithful,  and  plentifully  re- 
wardeth  the  proud  doer.     Pfal. 
xviii.  3.  I  will  call  upon  theLord, 
who  is  worthy  to  be  praifed  :   fo 
(hall  I  be  laved  from  mine  ene- 
mies.    Rom.  X.  12.  For  there  is 
110  dilFerence  between  the  Jew  and 
the  Greek ;  for  the  fame  Lord  over 
all  is  rich  unto  all  that  call  upon 
him.     Pfal.  Ixii.  8.  Truft  in  him 
at  all  times;  ye  people,  pour  out 
your  heart  before  him:    God  is 
a  refuge  for  us.     Jofli.  xxiv.  14. 
Now,  therefore,  fear  the  Lord, 
and  ferve  him  in  fmcerity  and  in 
truth,    and  put  away  the  gods 
which  your  fathers  ferved  on  the 
other  fide  of  the  flood,  ami   in 
F  3  £gypt : 


126  7he  Confefion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XXI. 

of  men,  or  the  fuggeflions  of  Satan,  under  any  vifible  re- 
prefentation,  or  any  other  way  not  prefcribed  in  the  holy 
fcripture  ^ 

II.  Religious  worfhip  is  to  be  given  to  God,  the  Father, 
Son,  and  HolyGhoft;  and  ro  him  alone  «=:  not  to  angels, 
faints,  or  any  other  creature  ^ :  and,  fince  the  fall,  not  with- 
out 


Egypt:  and  ferve  ye  the  Lord. 

Mark  xii.  33.  And  to  love  him 
with  all  the  heart,  and  with 
all  the  underftandiiig,  and  with 
all  the  foul,  and  with  all  the 
ftrength,  and  to  love  his  neigh- 
bour as  himfelf,  is  more  than  all 
whole  burnt-ofrerings  and  facri- 
fices. 

^  Deut.  xii.  32 .  What  thing  fo- 
cver  I  command  you,  obferve  to 
do  it :  thou  (halt  not  add  thereto, 
Rordiminifhfrom  it.  Mat.  xv.  9. 
But.  in  vain  they  do  v.crfhip  me, 
teaching  for  do£lrines  the  com- 
mandments of  men.  Afts  xvii.  2  5 . 
Neither  is  worfliipped  with  men's 
hands,  as  though  he  needed  any 
thing,  feeing  he  giveth  to  all  life, 
and  breath,  and  all  things.  Mat. 
iv.  9.  And  faith  unto  him,  All 
thefe  things  will  I  give  thee,  if 
thou  wilt  fall  down  and  worlhip 
ine.  V.  10.  Then  faith  Jcfus  un- 
to him.  Get  thee  hence,  Satan  : 
for  it  is  written.  Thou  fhalt  wor- 
ship the  Lord  thy  God,  and  him 
only  fhalt  thou  ferve.  [Deut.  xv. 
to  the  20th  Verfe.']  Exod.  xx.  4. 
Thou  fhalt  npt  make  unto  thee 
any  graven  image,  or  any  likenefs 
of  any  thing  that  is  in  heaven 
above,  or  that  is  in  the  earth  be- 
neath, or  that  is  in  the  water 
imder  the  earth.  V.  5. Thou  fhalt 
not  bow  down  thyfelf  to  them, 
nor  ferve  them :  for  I  the  Lord  thy 
God  am  a  jealous  God,  vifiting 
the  iniquity  of  the  fathers  upon 
the  children  unto  the  third  and 


fourth  generation  of  them  that 
hate  me:  V.  6.  And  fliewing 
mercy  unto  thoufands  of  them 
that  love  me,  and  keep  my  com- 
mandments. Col.  ii.  23.  Which 
things  have  indeed  a  fliew  of  wif- 
dom  in  will-worfliip  and  humility, 
and  neglefting  of  the  body,  not  in 
any  honour  to  the  fatisfy  ing  of  the 
fleih. 

II.  ""  Mat.  iv.  10.  \_See  before  in 
letter  ^.~\  With  John  v.  23.  That 
all  men  ihould  honour  the  Son, 
even  as  they  honour  the  Father. 
He  that  honouretli  not  the  Son, 
honoureth  not  the  Father  which 
hathfenthim.  And2C0r.xiii.24. 
The  grace  of  the  Lord  J  efusGhrili, 
and  the  love  of  God,  and  the 
communion  of  the  HolyGhoft,  be 
with  you  all.  Amen. 

^  Col.  ii.  18.  Let  no  man  be- 
guile you  of  your  reward,  in  a 
voluntary  humility,  and  worihip- 
ping  of  angels,  intruding  into 
thofe  things  which  he  hath  not 
feen,  vainly  puffed  up  by  his  flefh- 
ly  mind.  Rev.  xix.  10.  And  I 
fell  at  his  feet  to  worlhip  him  : 
and  he  faid  unto  me,  See  thou  do 
it  not ;  1  am  thy  fellow-fervant, 
and  of  thy  brethren  that  have  the 
teflimony  of  Jefus:  worfhip  God; 
for  the  tellimony  of  Jefus  is  the 
fpirit  of  prophecy.  Rom.  i.  25. 
Who  changed  the  truth  of  God 
into  a  lye,  and  worfliipped  and 
ferved  the  creature  more  than  the 
Creator,  who  is  bleiled  for  ever. 
Amen. 

^  John 


Chap.  XXil.  The  Confeffion-of  Faith.  ilf 

out  a  Mediator ;  nor  in  the  mediation  of  any  other  but  of 
Chrifl  alone  % 

III.  Prayer,  with  thankfgiving,  being  *dil6  fpecial  part  of 
religious  worfhip  ^  is  by  Godrequiretl  or  all  men  e ;  and,  that 
it  may  be  accepted,  it  is  to  be  made  in  the  name  of  the  Son  >>, 
by  the  help  of  his  Spirit »,  according  to  his  will  ^,  with  under- 
flandmg^  reverence,  humility,  fervency,  faith,  love,  and  pcife- 
verance  ^ ;  and,  if  vocal,  in  a'kno \vn  tongue  ^.  jy^  Prayer 


*  John  xiv.  6.  Jefus  faith  unto 
him,  I  am  the  way,  and  the  truth, 
and  the  life  :  no  man  cometh  un- 
to the  Father  but  by  me.  i  Tim. 
ii.  5.  For  there  is  one  God,  and 
one  Mediator  between  God  and 
men,  the  man  Chrift  Jefus.  Eph. 
ii.  18.  For  through  him  we  both 
have  an  accefs  by  one  Spirit  unto 
the  Father.  Col.  lii.  17-  And 
whatfoever  ye  do  in  word  or  deQ^^ 
do  all  in  the  name  of  the  Lord 
Jefus,  giving  thanks  to  God  and 
the  Fatlter  by  him. 

III.  «■  Ph'il .  iv.  6.  Be  csrefnlfor 
nothing:  but  in  every  thing  by 
prayer  and  fupplication  with 
thankfgiving,  let  your  requefls  be 
made  known  unto  God. 

8  Pfal.  Ixv.  2.  O  thou  that  hear- 
eft  prayer,  unto  thee  fliall  all  flefh 
come. 

*  John  xiv.  13.  And  whatfoever 
ye  fhall  afk  in  my  name,  that  will 
I  do,  that  the  Father  may  be  glo- 
rified in  the  Son.  V.  14.  If  ye 
Ihall  aflc  any  thing  in  my  name, 
I  will  do  it.  I.  Pet.  ii.  5.  Ye  al- 
fo,  as  lively  ftones,  are  built  up  a 
Spiritual  houfe,  an  holy  prielT;- 
hood,  to  offer  up  fpiritual  facri- 
fices,  acceptable  to  God  by  Jefus 
Chrift. 

'  Rom.  viii.  26.  Likewife  the 
Spirit  alfohelpethour  intirmities: 
for  we  know  not  what  we  fliould 
pray  for  as  we  ought :  but  the 
Spirit  itfelf  maketh  interceflion 


for  us  with  groanings  which  can» 
not  be  uttered. 

^  I  John  V.  14.  And  this  is  the 
confidence  that  we  have  in  him, 
that  if  we  alk  any  thing  accord- 
ing to  his  will,  he  heareth  us. 

1  Pfal.  xlvii.  7.  For  God  is  the 
king  of  all  the  earth :  fing  ye 
praifes  with  underftanding.  Eccl. 
V.  I .  Keep  thy  foot  when  thou 
goeft  to  the  houfe  of  God,  and  be 
more  ready  to  hear,  than  to  give 
the  facrifice  of  fools:  for  they 
confider  not  that  they  do  evil.. 
V.  2 .  Be  not  rafh  with  thy  mouth, 
and  let  not  thine  heart  be  hafty  to 
utter  any  thing  before  God  :  for 
God  is  in  heaven,  and  thou  upon 
earth  :  therefore  let  thy  words  be 
few.  Heb.  xii.  28.  Wherefore, 
we  receiving  a  kingdom  which 
cannot  be  moved,  let  us  have 
grace,  whereby  we  may  ferve 
God  acceptably  with  reverence, 
and  godly  fear.  Cen.  xviii.  27. 
And  Abraham  anfwered,  and  faid. 
Behold  now,  I  have  taken  upoir 
me  to  fpeakunto  the  Lord,  which 
am  but  duft  and  aflies.  James 
v.  16.  Confefs  your  faults  one  to 
another,  and  pray  one  for  another, 
that  ye  'may  be  healed  :  the  ef- 
fectual fervent  prayer  of  a  righ- 
teous man  availeth  much.  James 
i.  6.  But  let  him  afli  in  faith,  no- 
thing wavering:  for  he  t)iat;  wa^L 
vereth  is  like  a  wave  of  the  fea,; 
driven  witii  the  wind,  and  tofled.' 
F4  V.  7. 


128 


The  Confejfion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  XXI. 


IV.  Prayer  is  to  be  made  for  things  lawful  *»,  and  for  all 

forts  of  men  Uving,  or  that  fliall  live  hereafter  <> ;  but  not  for 

the  dead  ^,  nor  for  thofe  of  whom  it  may  be  known  that  they 

have  finned  die  lin  unto  death  q.  ^r  t-. 

V.  The 


V.  7.  For  let  not  that  man  think 
that  he  fhall  receive  any  thing  of 
the  Lord.  Mark  xi.  24.  There- 
fore I  fay  unto  you,  What  things 
foever  ye  defire  when  ye  pray, 
believe  that  ye  receive  them,  and 
ye  fhall  have  them.  Mat.  vi.  12. 
And  forgive  us  our  debts,  as  we 
forgive  our  debtors.  V.  14.  For 
if  ye  forgive ,men  their  trefpafles, 
your  heavenlyFather  will  alfo  for- 
give you.  V.  15.  But  if  ye  for- 
give not  men  their  trefpafles,  nei- 
ther will  your  Father  forgive  your 
trefpafles.  Col.  iv.  2.  Continue  in 
prayer,  and  watch  in  the  fame  with 
thankfgiving.  Eph.vi.  18.  Praying 
always  with  all  prayer  and  fuppli- 
Cation  in  the  Spirit,  and  watching 
thereunto  with  all  perfeverance 
and  fupplication  for  all  faints. 

"  I  Cor.  xiv.  14.  For  if  I  pray 
in  an  unknown  tongue,  my  fpirit 
prayeth,  but  my  underftanding  is 
tmfruitful. 

IV. ""  \^i  ]dhnv  .^  /\.  See  letter  ^.1^ 
"  I  Tim.  ii.i.  I  exhort,  there- 
fore, that,  firft  ofalljfupplications, 
prayers,  interceflions,  and  giving 
of  thanks,  be  made  for  all  men  : 
V.  2.  For  kings,  and  for  all  that 
are  in  authority;  that  we  may 
lead  a  quiet  and  peaceable  life  in 
all  godlinefs  and  honefty.  John 
xvii.  20.  Neither  pray  I  for  thefe 
alone,  but  for  them  alfo  which 
fliall  believe  on  me  through  their 
Avord.  2  Sam.  vii.  29.  There- 
fore now  let  it  pleafe  thee  to  blefs 
the  houfe  of  thy  fervant,  that  it 
may  continue  for  ever  before  thee; 
for  thou,  O  Lord  God,  haft  fpo- 
ken  it;  and  with  thy  blefling  let  the 


houfe  of  thy  fervant  be  blefled  for 
ever.  Ruth  iv.  12.  Aad  let  thy 
houfe  be  like' the  lioufe  of  Pharez, 
(whom  Tamar  bare  unto  Judah, ) 
of  the  feed  which  the  Lord  fliall 
give  thee  of  this  young  woman. 

^2  Sam.  xii.  21.  Then  faid  his 
fervants  unto  him.  What  thing  is 
this  that  thou  haft  done?  thou 
didft  faft  and  weep  for  the  child 
while  it  was  alive;  but  when  the 
child  was  dead  thou  didft  rife 
and  eat  bread.  V.  22.  And  he 
faid,  Wliile  the  child  was  yet  a- 
live  I  fafted  and  wept :  for  I  faid, 
Who  can  tell  whether  God  will 
be  gracious  to  me,  that  the  child 
may  live  ?  V.  23.  But  now  he  is 
dead,  wherefore  fliould  I  faft? 
can  I  bring  him  back  again  ?  I 
fliall  go  to  him,  but  he  fl^all  not 
return  to  me.  With  Luke  xvi  .25. 
But  Abraham  faid,  Son,  remem- 
ber that  thou  in  thy  lifetime  re- 
ceivedft  thy  good  things,  and 
likewife  Lazarus  evil  things :  but 
now  he  is  comforted,  and  thou 
art  tormented.  V.  26.  And  be- 
fides  all  this,  between  us  and  you 
there  is  a  great  gulf  fixed :  fo 
that  they  which  would  pafs  from 
hence  to  you,  cannot ;  neither 
can  they  pafs  to  us  that  would 
come  from  thence.  Rev.  xiv.  1 3. 
And  I  heard  a  voice  from  heaven, 
faying  unto  me,  Write;  Blefled 
are  the  dead  which  die  in  the 
Lord,  from  henceforth :  yea,  faith 
the  Spirit,  that  they  may  reft 
from  their  labours  ;  and  their 
works  do  follow  them. 

'  I  John  v.  16.  If  any  man  fee 

his  brotlier  fin  h  iiii  which  is  not 

unto 


Chap.  XXI.  The  Confefion  of  Faith.  129 

V.  The  reading  of  the  fcriptures  with  godly  fear  «• ;  the 
found  preaching  *  and  confcionable  hearing  of  the  word,  in 
obechence  unto  God,  with  underftanding,  faith,  and  re- 
verence ^ ;  fmging  of  pfalms  with  grace  in  the  heart " ;  as 
alfo,  the  due  adminiftration  and  worthy  receiving  of  the 
facraments  inftituted  by  Chrift  ;  ai'c  all  parts  of  the  ordi- 
nary religious  worihip  of  God  '" :  befides  rehgious  oaths  ^ 

and 


unto  death,  he  fhall  afl^  and  he 
(hall  give  him  life  for  them  that 
fin  not  unto  death.  There  is  a 
fill  unto  death  :  I  do  not  fay  that 
he  fhall  pray  for  it. 

V.  ■■  Ads  XV.  21.  For  Mofes  of 
old  time  hath  in  every  city  them 
that  preach  him,  being  read  in 
the  fynagogues  every  fabhath- 
day.  Rev.  i.  3.  Blefled  is  he  that 
readeth,  and  they  that  hear  the 
words  of  this  prophecy,  and  keep 
thofe  things  which  are  written 
therein  :  for  the  time  is  at  hand. 

*  2  Tim.iv.2.  Preach  the  word, 
be  inftant  in  feafon,  out  of  feafon ; 
reprove,  rebuke,  exhort,  with  all 
long-fuffering  and  doctrine. 

^  James  i.  22.  But  be  ye  doers 
of  the  word,  and  not  hearers  only, 
deceiving  your  own  felves.  A^s 
X.  33.  Immediately,  therefore,  I 
fent  to  thee;  and  thou  haft  well 
done  that  thou  art  come.  Now, 
therefore,  are  we  all  here prefent 
before  God,  to  hear  all  things 
that  are  commanded  thee  of  God. 
Matth.  xiii.  19.  Wlien  any  one 
heaieth  the  word  of  the  kingdom, 
and  underftandeth  it  not,  then 
Cometh  the  wicked  one,  and  catch- 
eth  away  that  which  was  fown 
in  his  heart :  this  is  he  which  re- 
ceived feed  by  the  way-fide. 
Heb.  iv.  2.  For  unto  us  was  the 
gofpel  preached  as  well  as  unto 
them :  but  the  word  preached  did 
not  profit  them,  not  being  mixed 
with  faith  in  them  that  heard  it. 


Ifa.  Ixvi.  2.  For  all  thofe  things 
hath  mine  hand  made,  and  all 
thofe  things  have  been,  faith  the 
Lord:  but  to  this  man  will  I  look, 
even  to  him  that  is  poor,  and  of  3 
contrite  fpirit,  and  trembleth  at 
my  word. 

"  Col.  iii.  16.  Let  the  word  of 
Chrift  dwell  in  you  richly  in  all 
wifdom  i  teaching  and  admonifh- 
ing  one  another  in  pfalms,  and 
hymns,  and  fpiritual  fongs,  fing- 
ing  with  grace  in  your  hearts  to 
the  Lord.  Eph.  v.  19.  Speaking 
to  yourfelves  in  pfalms,  and  hymns, 
and  fpiritual  fongs,  finging  and 
making  melody  in  your  hearts  to 
the  Lord.  James  v.  13.  Is  any 
among  you  afflifted?  let  him  pray. 
Is  any  merry?  let  himfmg  pfalms. 

'''  Mat.xxviii.19.  Go  ye,  there- 
fore, and  ceach  all  nations,  bap- 
tizing them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  tlie  Son,  and  of 
the  Holy  Gho'l.  [i  Cor.  xi.  23* 
toVeife2q.']  AQs  ii.42.  And  tliey 
continuediledfaftly  in  the  apoftles, 
doctrine  and  fellowfliip,  and  in 
breaking  of  bread,  and  in  prayers. 

""  Deut.  vi.  13.  Tiiou  Ihaltfear 
the  Lord  thy  God,  and  fervehin:^ 
and  flialt  fwear  by  his  name. 
With  Neh.  x.  29.  They  clave  to 
their  brethren,  their  nobles,  and 
entered  into  a  curfe,"  and  into  an 
oath,  to  walk  in  God's  law,  whick 
was  given  by  Mofes  the  fervant  of 
God,  and  to  obferve  and  do  all 
the  commandments  of  the  Lord 
F  5  ciuf 


13°  The  Coitfejfion  of  Fmtk  Qiap.  XXL 

and  vo\^s  y,  folemn  fallings  ^  and  thankfgivings  upon  fpecial 
occafions  %  which  are,  in  their  feveral  times  and  leaibns,  to 
be  ufed  in  an  holy  and  religious  manner  *>. 

VI.  Neither  prayer,  nor  any  other  pait  of  religious 
woriliip,  is,  now  under  the  gofpel,  either  tied  unto,  or 
made  more  acceptable  by,  any  place  in  which  it  is  per. 
formed,  or  towards  which  it  is  direded  «=  :  but  God  is  to  be 
worfhipped  every  where  ^  in  fpirit  and  in  truth  <= ;  as  in  pri- 
vate 


our  God,  and  his  judgments  and 
his  ftatutes. 

^  Ifa.  xix.  2[.  And  the  Lord 
fliall  be  known  to  Egypt,  and  the 
Egyptians  fhall  know  the  Lord  in 
that  day,  and  fhall  do  facrifice  and 
oblation;  yea,  they  (liall  vow  a 
vow  unto  the  Lord,  and  perform 
it.  With  Eccl.  V.  4.  When  thou 
voweft  a  vow  unto  God,  defer 
not  to  pay  it,  for  he  hath  no  plea- 
fure  in  fools;  pay  that  which  thou 
haft  vowed.  V.5.  Better  is  it  that 
thou  riiouldeft  not  vow,  than  that 
thou  Ihouldeft  vow  and  not  pay. 

^  Joel  ii.  12  .Thereforealfo  now, 
faith  the  Lord,  Turn  ye  even  to 
me  with  all  your  heart,  and  with 
fafting,  and  with  weeping,  and 
with  mourning.  Efth.  iv.  16.  Go, 
gather  together  all  the  Jews  that 
are  prefent  in  Shufhan,  and  faft 
ye  for  me,  and  neither  eat  nor 
drink  three  days,  night  or  day  ; 
I  alfo  and  my  maidens  will  faft 
likewiftr,  and  fo  will  I  go  in  un- 
to the  king,  which  is  not  accord- 
ing to  the  law  ;  and  if  I  perilh,  I 
perilh.  Matth.  ix.  15.  Andjefus 
faid  unto  them,  Can  the  children 
of  the  bride-chamber  mourn  as 
long  as  the  bridegroom  is  with 
them?  but  the  days  will  come, 
when  the  bridegroom  (hall  betaken 
from  them,  and  then  fliall  they  faft. 
I  Cor.  vii.  5 .  Defraud  ye  not  one  the 
other,  except  it  be  with  confent  for 
a  time,  thutye  may  give  yourfelves 


to  fafting  and  prayer;  and  come 
together  again,  that  Satan  tempt 
you  not  for  your  inconti:  ^ency. 

^  [Pfal.  cvW.  throug^o'ut.^  Efth. 
ix.  22.  As  the  days  wherein  the 
Jews  refted  from  their  enemies, 
and  the  month  which  was  turned 
unto  them  from  forrow  to  joy, 
aad  from  mourning  into  a  good 
day ;  that  they  Ihould  make  them 
days  of  feafting  and  joy,  and  of 
fending  portions  one  to  another, 
and  gifts  to  the  poor. 

*>  Heb.  xii.  28.  Wherefore,  we 
receiving  a  kingdom  which  cannot 
be  moved,  let  ushave  grace,  where- 
by we  may  ferve  God  acceptably, 
with  reverence  and  godly  fear. 

VI.  *"  John  iv.  21.  Jefus  faith 
unto  lier,  Woman,  believe  me, 
the  hour  cometh,  when  ye  fliall 
neither  in  this  mountain,  nor  yet 
at  Jen.lalem,  worftiip  the  Father. 
**  Mai.  i.  II.  For  from  the 
rifing  of  the  fun  even  unto  the 
going  down  of  the  fame  my  name 
Ihali  be  great  among  the  Gentiles, 
and  in  every  place  incenfe  ftiall  be 
offered  unto  my  name,  and  a  pure 
otfering:  for  my  name  ftiall  be 
great  among  the  Heathen,  faith 
the  Lord  of  haih.  i  Tim.  ii.  8. 
I  will,  therefore,  that  men  pray 
every  where,  lifting  up  holy  hands, 
without  wrath  and  doubting. 

"  John  iv.  23.  But  the-  nour 

cometh,  and. now  is,   when,  the 

true  worflfippers  fliaU  worlhip  the 

father 


Chap.  XXI.  ne  Confeffion  of  Faith,  131 

vate  families  f  daily  e,  and  in  fecret  each  one  by  himfelf  ^ ; 
fo  more  foiemnly  in  the  publick  afiemblies,  which  ure  not 
'  careltfsly  or  \vilfiilly  to  be  negleded  or  foifaken,  when  God, 
by  his  word  or  providence,  calieth  th.ereimto  ». 

VII.  As 


Father  in  fpirit  and  in  truth  :  for 
the  Father  feeketh  fiich  to  t\or- 
fhi^  him.  V.  24.  God  is  a  Spirit ; 
and  tlicy  that  worftiip  him  muft 
worfhip  him  in  fpirit  and  in  truth. 
^  Jer.  X.  25.  Pour  out  thy  fury 
upon  the  Heathen  that  know  t1iee  . 
not,  and  upon  the  families  that 
call  not  on  thy  name  :  for  they 
have  eaten  up  Jacob,  and  devour- 
ed him,  and  confumed  him,  and 
have  made  his  habitation  defo- 
late.  Deut.  vi.  6.  And  thefe 
words  which  I  command  thee  this 
day  fhall  be  in  thine  heart :  V.7. 
And  thou  Ihalt  teach  them  dili- 
gently unto  thy  children j  and 
ftialt  talk  of  them  when  thou 
fitteft  in  thine  houfe,  and  when 
thou  walkeft  by  the  way,  and  when 
thou  lieft  down,  and  when  thou 
rifeft  up.  Jobi.  5.  And  it  was 
fo,  when  the  days  of  their  feaft- 
Ing  were  gone  about,  that  Job 
fent  and  fanctified  them,  and  rcfe 
up  early  in  the  morning,  and  of- 
fered burnt- offerings,  according 
to  the  number  of  them  all :  for 
Job  faid,  It  may  be  that  my  Tons 
have  finned,  and  curfed  God  in 
their  hearts.  Thus  did  Job  con- 
tinually. 2  Sam.  vi.  18.  And  as 
foon  as  David  had  made  an  end 
of  offering  burnt- offerings,  and 
peace-offerings,  he  blelied  the 
people  in  the  name  of  the  Lord 
of  hofts.  V.  20.  Then  David 
returned  to  bitfs  his  houfehold. 
I  Pet.  iii.  7.  Likewife,  ye  huf- 
bands,  dwell  with  them  accord- 
ing to  knowledge,  giving  honour 
unto  the  wife  as  unto  the  weuker 
vcfTel,  and  as  being  heirs  logeijier 


of  the  grace  of  life;  that  your 
prayers  be  not  hindered.  Afts 
X.  2.  A  devout  man,  and  one  that 
feared  God  with  all  his  houfe, 
which  gave  much  alms  to  the 
people,  and  prayed  to  God  alway. 

^  Mat.  vi.  II.  Give  us  this  day 
our  dally  bread. 

^-  Mat.  vi.  6.  But  thou,  when  * 
thou  prayeft,  enter  into  thy  clo- 
fet  J  and,' when  thou  haft  fliut  thy 
door,  pray  to  thy  Father  which  is 
in  fecret;  and  thy  Father  which 
feeth  in  fecret  fhall  reward  thee 
openly.  Eph.  vi.  18.  Praying  al- 
ways with  all  prayer  and  fuppli- 
cation  in  the  Spirit,  and  watching 
thereunto  witii  all  perfeverance 
and  fupplication  for  all  faint*.'''' 

'  Ifa.  Ivi.  6.  Alfo  the  fons  of  the 
ftranger,  that  join  themfeives  to 
the  Lord,  to  ferve  him,'  and  to 
love  tileiname  of  the  Lord,  to  be 
his  fervants,  tvery  one  that  keep- 
eth  the-fabbuth  from  polluting  it, 
and  taketh  hold  of  my  covenant  s  - 
V.  7.  Even  them  will  I  bring  t6 
my  holy  mountain,  "khd  lifA'ke 
them  joyful  in  my  houfe  of  prayer : 
their  burnt -offerings  and  their 
facritices  fnall  be  accepted  upon 
mine  altar;  for  mine  houfe  fliail 
be  called  an  houfe  of  prayer  fot* 
all  people.  Heb.  x.  25.  Not  fof- 
faking  the  afiembling  of  ourfelves 
together,  as  the  manner  of  fome 
is;  but  exhorting  one  another: 
and  ^o  much  the  more  as  ye  fee 
the  day  approaching.  Prov.  i.  2(% 
Wifdom  crieth  without,  fhe  ut- 
tereth  her  voice  in  the  ftreetst 
V.  21.  She  crieth  in  the  chit^ 
place  of  concourfe,  in  the  opeu- 
F  6  ings 


132  The  Confefion  of  Faith,  Chap.  XXT. 

VII.  As  it  Is  of  the  law  of  nature,  that,  in  general,  a  due 
proportion  of  time  be  fet  apart  for  the  worfliip  of  God  ;  fo, 
in  his  word,  by  a  pofitive,  moral,  and  perpetual  command- 
ment, binding  all  men  in  all  ages,  he  hath  particulaily  ap- 
pointed one  day  in  feven  for  a  labbath,  to  be  kept  holy  unto 
him  k:  which,  from  the  beginning  of  the  world  to  the  refur- 
redion  of  Chrill,  was  the  lafl  day  of  the  week;  and,  from  the 
refurre6lion  of  Chrill,  was  changed  into  the  lirft  day  of  the 
week  1,  which  in  fcripture  is  called  the  Lord's  Day  «',  and  is 

to 


jngs  of  the  gates :  in  the  city  (he 
^.ittereth  her  words,  fiiying,  V.  24. 
Becaufe  I  have  called,  and  ye  re- 
fiifed,  I  have  ftretched  out  my 
hand,  and  no  man  regarded. 
Prov.  viii.  34.  Blelled  is  the  man 
tliat  heareth  me,  watching  daily 
at  my  gates,  waiting  at  the  pofts 
of  my  doors.  Afts  xiii.  42.  And 
when  the  Jews  were  gone  out  of 
the  fynagogue,  the  Gentiles  be- 
fought  that  thefe  words  might  be 
preached  to  them  the  next  fab- 
bath.  Luke  iv.  16.  And  he  came 
to  Nazareth,  where  he  had  been 
brought  up  :  and,  as  his  cuftom 
was,  he  went  into  the  fynagogue 
on  the  fabbath-day,  and  flood  up 
for  to  read.  Afts  ii.  42.  And  they 
continued  ftedfartly  in  the  aportles' 
doctrine  and  fellowfhip,  and  in 
breaking  of  bread,  and  in  prayers, 
r  VII.  ^  Exod.  XX.  8.  Remem- 
ber the  fabbath-day  to  keep  it 
holy.  V.  10.  But  thefeventhday 
is  the  fabbath  of  the  Lord  thy 
God  :  in  it  thou  Ihalt  not  do  any 
work,  thou,  nor-thy  fon,  nor  thy 
daughter,  thy  man-fervant.  nor 
thy  maid-fcrvant,  nor  thy  cattle, 
nor  thyftranger  that  is  within  thy 
gates.  V.  1 1 .  For  in  fix  days  the 
Lord  made  heaven  and  earth,  the 
fea,  and  all  that  in  them  is,  and 
relted  the  feventhday  :  wherefore 
the  Lord  bleifed  the  fabbath-day, 
and  hallowed  it.  Ifa.lvi.a.  Blefs- 


ed  is  the  man  that  dodth  this,  and 
the  fon  of  man  that  layeth  hold  on 
it :  that  keepeth  the  fabbath  from 
polluting  it,  and  keepeth  his  hand 
from  doing  any  evil.  V.  4.  For 
thus  faith  the  Lord  unto  the 
eunuchs  that  keep  my  fabbaths, 
and  chufe  the  things  that  pleafe 
me,  and  take  hold  of  my  cove- 
nant. V.  6,  7.  [_See  in  letter  '.] 
•  Gen.  ii.  2.  And  on  the  feventh 
day  God  ended  his  work  which 
he  had  made  :  and  he  refted  oh  the 
feventh  day  from  all  his  work 
which  he  had  made.  V.  3.  And 
God  blefTed  the  feventh  day,  and 
fanaified  it :  becaufe  that  in  it  he 
had  refted  from  all  his  work  which 
God  created  and  made,  i  Cor. 
xvi.  I.  Now  concerning  the  col- 
leaion  for  the  faints,  as  I  have 
given  order  to  the  churches  of 
Galatia,  even  fo  do  ye.  V .  2 .  Up- 
on the  firil  day  of  the  week  let 
every  one  of  you  lay  by  him  in 
ft  ore,  as  God  hath  profpered  him, 
that  there  be  no  gatherings  when 
I  come.  Afts  xx.  7.  And  upon 
the  firfl:  day  of  the  week,  when 
the  difciples  came  together  to 
break  bread,  Paul  preached  unto 
them,  ready  to  depart  on  the  mor- 
row, and  continued  his  fpeech  un- 
til midnight. 

"'  Rev.  i.  I  o.  I  was  in  the  Spirit  on 

the  Lord's  day,  and  heard  behind 

me  »i  great  voice,  as  of  a  trumpet. 

^  Exod. 


Chap.  XXI.  The  Confefion  of  Faith,    '  133 

to  be  continued  to  the  end  of  the  world,  as  the  Chriftiaii 
ilibbath  ". 

Vin.  This  fabbath  is  then  kept  holy  unto  the  Lord,  when 
men,  after  a  due  preparing  of  their  hearts,  and  ordering  of 
theii*  common  affairs  before-hand,  do  not  only  obferve  an 
lioly  reft  all  the  day  from  their  own  works,  w^ords,  and 
thoughts,  about  their  worldly  employments  and  recreations " ; 

but 


"Exod.  XX.8, ro.  [_See letter^/] 
With  Mat.  V.  17.  Think  not  that 
I  am  come  to  deftroy  the  law  or 
the  prophets  :  I  am  not  come  to 
deftroy,  but  to  fulfil.  V.  18.  For 
verily  I  fay  unto  you,  Till  heaven 
and  earth  pafs.  one  jot  or  one  tittle 
fliall  in  no  wife  pafs  from  the  law, 
till  all  be  fulfilled, 

VIII.  "Exod.xx.  8.  [^Seelet^ 
ter  -.]  Exod.  xvi.  23.  And  hefaid 
imto  them,  This  is  that  which  the 
Lord  hath  faid,  To-morrow  is 
the  reft  of  the  holy  fabbath  unto 
the  Lord  :  bake  that  which  ye 
•will  bake  to-day,  and  feethe  that 
ye  will  feethe  ;  and  that  which 
remaineth  over  lay  up  for  you,  to 
be  kept  until  the  morning. '  V.  25. 
And  Mofes  faid,  Eat  that  to-day ; 
for  to-day  is  a  fabbath  unto  the 
Lord :  to-day  ye  fhall  not  find  it 
in  the  field.  V.  26.  Six  days  ye 
fhall  gather  it ;  but  on  the  feventh 
day,  which  is  the  fabbath,  in  it 
there  fliall  be  none.  V.  29.  See, 
for  that  the  Lord  hath  given  you 
the  fabbath,  therefore  he  giveth 
you  on  the  fixth  day  the  bread  of 
two  days :  abide  ye  every  man  in 
his  place,  let  no  man  go  out  of 
his  place  on  the  feventh  day.  V.30. 
So  the  people  relted  on  the  feventh 
day.  Exod.xxxi.15.  Sixdaysmay 
work  be  done,  but  in  the  feventh 
is  the  fabbath  of  reft,  holy  to  the 
Lord  :  whofoever  doeth  any  work 
in  the  fabbath-day,  he  fliall  furely 
be  put  to  death,    V.  16.  Where- 


fore the  children  of  Ifrael  fliall 
keep  the  fabbath,  to  obferve  the 
fabbath  throughout  their  genera- 
tions, for  a  perpetual  covenaat. 
V.  17.  It  is  afign  between  me  and 
the  children  of  Ifrael  for  ever : 
for  in  fix  days  the  Lord  made  hea- 
ven and  earth,  and  on  the  feventh 
day  he  refted,  and  was  refreflied. 
Ifa.  Iviii.  13.  If  thou  turn  away 
thy  foot  from  the  fabbath,  from 
doing  thy  pleafure  on  my  holy  day, 
and  call  the  fabbath  a  delight,  the 
holy  of  the  Lord,  honourable,  and 
fhalt  honour  him,  not  doing  thine 
own  ways»  nor  finding  thine  own 
pleafure,  nor  fpeakiiig  thine  own 
words.  Neh.  xiii.  15.  Inthofedays 
faw  I  in  Judah  fome  treading 
wine-preffes  on  the  fabbath,  and 
bringing  in  fheaves,  and  lading 
afTes;  as  alfo  wine,  grapes,  and 
figs,  and  all  manner  of  burdens, 
which  they  brought  into  Jerufa- 
lem  on  the  fabbath-day;  and  I 
teftified  againft  them  in  the  day 
wherein  they  fold  viftuals.  V.  !6. 
There  dwelt  men  of  Tyre  alfo 
therein,  which  brought  fifli,  and 
all  manner  of  ware,  and  fold  on 
the  fabbath  unto  the  children  of 
Judah,  and  in  Jerufalem.  V.  i-^. 
Then  I  contended  with  the  nobles 
of  Judah,  and  faid  unto  them, 
What  evil  thing  is  this  that  ye  do, 
and  profane  the  fabbath-day  ? 
V.  18.  Did  not  your  fathers  thus, 
and  did  not  our  God  bring  all  this 
evil  upon  usj  and  upon  this  city  ? 

yet 


134  ^he  Confcffion  of  Frdth.  Chap.  XXII. 

but  alfo  are  taken  up  the  whole  time  in  the  publick  and  pri- 
vate exerciies  of  his  worlhip,  and  in  the  duties  of  neceiiity 
and  mercy  1^. 


CHAP.    XXII.    Of  lawful  Oaths  and  Vows. 

A  Lawful  oath  is  a  part  of  religious  worfhip  %  wherein, 
upon  juft  occafion,  the  perfon  I'wearinfr,  folemnly  calleth 
God  to  W'itnefs  what  he  aflerteth  oi*  promiieth  ;  and  to  judge 
him  according  to  the  truth  or  falfehood  of  what  he  fwear- 
eth  ^ 

.  II.  The  name  of  God  only  is  that  by  which  men  ouglit  to 
fwear,  and  therein  it  is  to  be  ufed  with  all  holy  fear  and  reve- 
rence " :  therefore  to  fwear  vainly  or  raflily  by  that  glorious  aiad 
dreadful  name,  or  to  fwear  at  all  by  any  other  thing,  is  frnful,  and 

to 


yet  ye  bring  more  wrath  upon  If- 
rael,  by  profaning  the  fabbath. 
V.  19.  And  it  came  to  pafs,  that, 
when  the  gates  of  Jerufalem  be- 
gan to  be  dark  before  the  fabbath, 
I  commanded  that  the  gates  fliould 
be  fliut,  and  charged  that  they 
fhould  not  be  opened  till  after  the 
fabbath :  and  fome  of  my  fervants 
fet  I  at  the  gates,  that  there  lliould 
no  burden  be  brought  in  on  the 
fabbath-day.  V.  21.  Then  I  te- 
ftified  againft  them,  and  faid  unto 
them.  Why  lodge  ye  about  the 
wall  ?  If  ye  do  fo  cjain,  I  will  lay 
hands  on  you.  From  tiiat  time 
forth  came  they  no  juore  on  the 
fabbath.  V.  22.  And  I  command- 
ed the  Levitcs,  that  they  Ihould 
cleanfe  themfelves,  and  that  they 
fhould  come  and  keep  the  gates, 
to  fanclify  the  fabbath-day.  Re- 
member me,  O  my  Cjod,  concern- 
ing this  alfo,  and  fpare  me  accord- 
ing to  the  greatnefs  of  thy  mercy. 

F  Ifa.  Iviii.  I  ^^  iSt'e  in  lemr  °.] 
Mat.  xii.  r .  to  the  ^  p/i  i^erfe. 

I.  =»D£Ut.x.  20.  Thouflialtfcar 
the  Lord  thy  God  j  him  Ihalt  thou 


fecve,  andtohimflialtthou  cleave, 
and  fwear  by  his  name. 

^  Exod.  XX.  7.  Thou  flialt  not 
take  the  nam^  of  the  Lord  thy 
God  in  vain :  for  the  Lord  will  not 
hold  him  guiltlcfs  that  taketh  his 
name  in  vain.  Lev.  xix.  12.  And 
ye  fhall  not  fwear  by  my  name 
falfely,  neither  flialt  thou  profane 
the  name  of  thy  God :  I  am  the 
Lord.  2  Cor.  i.  23.  Moreover,  I 
call  God  for  a  record  upon  my 
foul,  that  to  fpare  you  I  came  not 
as  yet  unto  Corinth.  2  Chron.  vi. 
22.  Ifa  man  lia  againll  his  neigh- 
bour, and  an  oath  be  laid  upon 
him  to  make  him  fwear,  and  the 
oath  come  before  thine  altar  in 
this  houfe  •  V.  23.  Then  hear  thou 
from  heaven,  and  do,  and  judge 
thy  fervants,  by  requiting  the 
wicked,  by  recompeniing  his  way 
upon  his  own  head,  and  by  ju- 
ftifying  the  righteous,  by  giv- 
in,r  him  according  to  his  r:ghte- 
on  fuels. 

II.  ^  Dcut.  vi.  r>  Thou  fhalt 

fear  the  Lord  thy  God,  and  ferve 

him,  and  fliali fwrar  by ;r.i  n^me. 

^  Exod, 


Chap.  XXir.  7he  Confejjlon  of  Faith.  135 

to  be  abhorre<l  ^.  Yet  as,  in  matters  of  weight  ^nd  mo!iient,  an 
oath  is  warranted  by  the  word  of  God  under  the  new  tefta- 
ment,  as  well  asunder  the  old= ;  fo  a  lawful  oathbeino-  imjx)red 
by  lawful  authoiity,  in  fuch  matters,  ought  to  be  taken  f. 

III.  Whofoever  taketh  an  oath  ought  duly  to  confider  the 
weightinefs  of  fo  Ibiemn  an  a(^,  and  therein  to  avouch  no- 
thing but  what  he  is  fully  perfuaded  is  the  truth  ?.  Neither 
may  any  man  bind  hinifcif  by  oath  to  any  thing  but  what  is 
good  and  juil,  and  what  he  believcth  fo  to  be,  and  what  he 

h.  Yet  it  is  a  fm  to  refufe  an 
oath 
him  to  fwear,  and  the  oath  come 
before  thine  altar  in  this  houfe. 
Neh.  xiii.  25.  And  I  contended 
with  them,  and  curfed  them,  and 
fmote  certain  of  them,  and  pluck- 
ed ott  their  hair,  and  made  them 
fwear  by  God,  faying.  Ye  fhall 
not  give  your  daughtersunto  their 
fons,  nor  take  their  daughters  un- 
to your  fons,   or  for  yourfeives. 


is  able  and  refolved  to  perform 

•*  Exod.  XX.  7.  [_See  letter '°.~\ 
Jer.  V.  7.  How  fliall  I  pardon  thee 
for  this?  thy  children  have  forfa- 
ken  me,  and  fworn  by  them  that 
are  no  gods :  when  I  fed  them  to 
the  full,  they  then  committed  a- 
dultery,  and  affembled  themfelves 
by  troops  in  the  harlots'  houfes. 
Mat.  V.  34.  But  I  fay  unto  you, 
Swear  not  at  all ;  neither  by  hea- 
ven, for  it  is  God- 3  throne.  V.  37. 
But  let  your  communication  be, 
Yea,  yea ;  Nay,  nay  :  for  whatfo- 
ever  is  more  than  thefe  cometh 
of  evil.  James  V.  12.  But  above 
all  things,  my  brethren,  fsvear 
not;  neither  by  heaven,  neither 
by  the  earth,  neither  by  any  other 
oath  :  but  let  your  yea,  be  yea ; 
and  your  nay,  nay;  left  ye  fall  in- 
to condemnation. 

'  Heb.  vi.  16.  For  men  verily 
fwear  by  the  greater :  and  an  oath 
for  contirmation  is  to  them  an  end 
of  all  ftrife.  2  Cor.  i.  23.  \_See 
letter^.']  Ifa.  Ixv.  16.  That  he 
who  blelfeth  himfelf  in  the  earth, 
fhlll  blefs  himfelf  in  the  God  of 
trutli;  and  he  that  fweareth  in  the 
earth,  iliall  fwear  by  the  God  of 
truth ;  be  can  fe  the  former  troubles 
afre  forgotten,  and  becaufe  they 
are  hid  from  mine  eye?. 

'*■  f  Kings  viii.  31.  If  any  man 
trefpafs  againfl  his  neighbour,  and 
an  oath  be  laid  upon  him  to  caufe 


made  the  chief  prieits,  the  Le- 
vites,  and  all  Ifrael,  to  fwear  that 
they  fhould  do  according  to  this 
word  :  snd  they  fware. 

III.  8  Exod.  XX.  7-  IS^s  let. 
iTfr  ^.3  Jer.  iv.  2 .  And  thou  fhalt 
fwear,  The  Lord  liveth,  in  truth, 
in  judgment,  and  in  righteoufnefs ; 
and  the  nations  fliall  blefs  them- 
felves in  him,  and  in  him  fhall, 
th^y  glory. 

^  Gen.  xxiv.  2.  And  Abraham 
faid  unto  his  elded  fervant  of  his 
houfe,  that  ruled  over  all  that  he 
had.  Put,  I  pray  thee,  thyhand 
linder  my  thigh  :  V.  3.  And  I  will 
make  thee  fwear  by  the  Lord,  the 
God  of  heaven,  and  the  God  of 
the  earth,  that  thou  flialt  not  take 
a  wife  unto  my  fon  of  the  daugh- 
ters of  the  Canaanites,  amongffc 
whom  I  dwell.  V.  5.  And  the 
fervant  faid  unto  him,  Perad ven- 
ture the  woman  will  not  be  will- 
ing to  follow  me  unto  this  land  : 
inuft 


136 


The  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XXIL 


path  touchiiig  any  thing  that  is  good  and  jiifl:,  being  impofed 
by  lawful  authority  «. 

IV.  An  oath  is  to  be  taken  in  the  plain  and  common  fenfe 
of  the  words,  without  equivocation  or  mental  rcfervation  ^, 
It  cannot  oblige  to  fm ;  but  in  any  thing  not  finful,  being 
taken,  it  binds  to  performance,  although  to  a  man's  own  hurt  ^ : 

nor 


mart:  I  needs  brhig  thy  fon  again 
unto  the  lanei  from  whence  thou 
camefl?  V.  6.  AncL'^brahamfaid 
unto  him,  Beware  thou,  that  thou 
bring  not  my  fon  thither  again. 
V.  8.  And  if  the  woman  will  not 
be  willing  to  follow  thee,  then 
thou  flialt  be  clear  from  tliis  my 
oath  :  only  bring  not  my  fon  thi- 
ther again.  V.  9.  And  the  fervant 
put  his  hand  under  the  thigh  of 
Abraham  his  mafter,  and  fware  to 
him  concerning  that  matter. 

»  Numb.  V.  f9.  And  the  priefl 
fhall  charge  her  by  an  oath,  and 
fay  unto  the  woman,  If  no  man 
have  lain  with  thee,  and  if  thou 
haft  not  gone  afide  to  uncleannefs 
with  another  inftead  of  thy  huf- 
band,  be  thou  free  from  this  bit- 
ter water  that  caufeth  the  curfe. 
V.  2 1 .  Then  the  prieft  (hall  charge 
the  woman  with  an  oath  of  cur- 
fing ;  and  the  prieft  fhall  fay  unto 
the  woman,  The  Lord  make  thee 
a  curfe  and  an  oath  among  thy 
people,  when  the  Lord  doth  make 
thy  thigh  to  rot,  and  thy  belly  to 
fwell.  Neli.v.  i  2.  Thenfaidthey, 
We  will  reftore  them,  and  will 
require  nothing  of  them;  fo  will 
we  do  as  thou  fayeft.  Then  I 
called  the  priefts,  and  took  an 
oath  of  them  that  they  Ihould  do 
according  to  this  promife.  Exod. 
xxii.  7.  If  a  man  ftiall  deliver  un- 
to his  neighbour  money  or  fluff 
to  keep,  and  it  be  ftolen  out  of 
the  man's  houfe ;  if  the  thief  be 
found,  let  him  pay  double.  V.  8. 
If  the  thief  be  not  found,  then  the 


mafter  of  the  houfe  fliall  be  brought 
unto  the  judges,  to  fee  whetlier 
he  have  put  his  hand  unto  his 
neighbour's  goods.  V.  9.  For  all 
manner  of  trefpafs,  whether  it  be 
for  ox,  for  afs,  for  fheep,  for  rai- 
ment, or  for  any  manner  of  loft 
thing,  which  another  challengctli 
to  be  his,  the  caufe  of  both  parties 
fliall  come  before  the  judges ;  and 
whom  the  judges  fhall  condemn, 
he  fliall  pay  double  unto  his  neigh- 
bour. V.  10.  If  a  man  deliver 
unto  his  neighbour  an  afs,  or  an, 
ox,  or  a  fheep,  or  any  beaft,  to 
keep ;  and  it  die,  or  be  hurt,  or 
driven  away,  no  man  feeing  it: 
V.  I  f .  Then  ihall  an  oath  of  the 
Lord  be  between  them  both,  that 
he  hath  not  put  his  hand  unto  hi& 
neighbour's  goods ;  and  the  owner 
of  it  fliall  accept  thereof,  and  he 
fliall  not  make  it  good. 

IV.  ''Jer.  iv.  2.  \_See  latter  ^.1 
Pfal.  xxiv.  4.  He  that  hath  clean 
hands,  and  a  pure  heart :  wha 
hath  not  lifted  up  his  foul  unto 
vanity,  nor  fworn  deceitfully. 

^  r  Sam.  xxv.  22.  So  and  more 
alfo  do  God  unto  the  enemies  0%, 
David,  if  1  leave  of  all  that  per- 
tain to  him  by  the  morning-light 
any  that  piffeth  againft  the  waVl. 
V.  32.  And  David  faid  to  Abigail, 
Blefled  be  the  Lord  God  of  Ifrael, 
which  fent  thee  this  day  to  meet 
me :  V.  33.  And  blefled  be  thy 
advice,  andblelfedbethou,  which 
haft  kept  me  this  day  from  coming 
to  flied  blood,  and  from  avenging 
myfelf  with  niiue  own  hand. 
Y.  34.  . 


Cliap.XXII.  7he  Confejfion  of  Faith.  1 37 

nor  is  it  to  be  violated,  although  made  to  hereticks  or  in- 
fidels ">. 

V.  A  vow  is  of  tlie  like  nature  with  a  promiirory  oath, 
and  ought  to  be  made  with  the  like  religious  care,  and  to  be 
performed  with  the  like  faithfulnefs  ». 

VI.  It  is  not  to  be  made  to  any  creature,  but  to  God 
alone » :  and,  that  it  may  be  accepted,  it  is  to  be  made  vo- 
luntarily. 


V.  34.  For  in  very  deed,  as  the 
Lord  God  of  Ifrael  liveth,  which 
hath  kept  me  back  from  hurting 
thee,  except  thou  hadfl  halted  and 
come  to  meet  me,  furely  there 
had  not  been  left  unto  Nabal  by 
the  morning- light  any  that  pifleth 
againft  the  wall.  Pfal.  xv.  4.  In 
whofe  eyes  a  vile  perfon  is  con- 
temned ;  but  he  hoiioureth  them 
that  fear  the  Lord  :  he  that  fwear- 
eth  to  his  own  hurt,  and  changeth 
not. 

™  Ezek.  xvii.  16.  Asllive,  faith 
the  Lord  God,  furely  in  this  place 
where  the  king  dwclleth  that 
made  him  king,  whofe  oath  he 
defpifed,  and  whofe  covenant  he 
brake,  even  with  him,  in  the 
niidlt  of  Babylon  he  fliall  die. 
V.  18.  Seeing  he  defpifed  the  oath, 
by  breaking  the  covenant,  (when, 
lo,  he  had  given  his  hand,)  and 
hath  done  all  thefe  things,  he  fliall 
not  efcape.  V.  19.  Therefore, 
thus  faith  the  Lord  God,  As  I  live, 
furely  mine  oath  that  he  hath  de- 
fpifed, and  my  covenant  that  he 
hath  broken,  even  it  will  I  re- 
compenfe  uj^on  his  own  head. 
Jodi.  ix.  18.  And  the  children  of 
Ifrael  fmote  them  not,  becaufe 
thi  princes  of  the  congregation 
had  fworn  unto  them  by  the  Lord 
God  of  Ifrael  :  and  all  the  con- 
gregation nnu"mured  againit  the 
princes.  V.  /  9 .  But  all  the  princes 
laid  unto  all  the  congregation. 
We  have  fworn  unto  them  by  the 


Lord  God  of  Ifrael :  now  there- 
fore we  may  not  touch  them. 
With  2  Sam.  xxi.  r.  Then  there 
was  a  famine  in  the  days  of  Da- 
vid, three  years,  year  after  year  ; 
and  David  enquired  of  the  Lord. 
And  the  Lord  anfwerfd,  It  is  for 
Saul  and  his  bloody  houfe,  be- 
caufe he  flew  the  Gibeonites. 

V.  "  Ifa.  xlx.  21 .  And  the  Lord 
fliall  be  known  to  Egypt,  and  the 
Egyptians  fliall  know  the  Lord  in 
that  day,  and  (hall  do  facrifice  and 
oblation,  yea,  they  fliall  vow  a 
vow  unto  the  Lord,  and  perform 
it.  Eccl.  V.  4.  When  thouVowefl 
a  vow  unto  God,  defer  not  to  pay 
it:  for  he  hath  no  pleafure  in 
fools ;  pay  that  which  thou  haft 
vowed.  V.  5.  Better  is  it  that 
thou  fliouldeft  not  vow,  than  that 
thou  fliouldefl  vow  and  not  pay. 
V.  6.  Suifer  not  thy  mouth  to 
caufe  thy  flefli  to  fm,  neither  fay 
thou  before  the  angel  that  it  was 
an  error  :  wherefore  fliould  God 
be  angry  at  thy  voice,  and  deftroy 
the  work  of  thine  hands?  Pfal. 
1x1.  8.  So  will  I  fnig  praife  unto 
thy  name  for  ever,  that  I  may 
daily  perform  my  vows.  Pfal. 
Ixvi.  13.  I  will  go  into  thy  houfe 
with  burnt- offerings:  I  will  pay 
t !:  jc  my  vows,  V .  1 4 .  Which  my 
lips  have  uttered  and  my  mouth 
hath  fpoken  when  I  was  in  trouble. 

VI.  °  Pfal.  Ixxvi.  1 1.  Vow,  and 
pay  unto  the  Lord  your  God  :  let 
all  that  be  round  about  him  bring 

prefents 


138 


7 he  Confeffion  of  FaitK  Chap.  XXII: 


Iiintarily,  out  of  faith,  and  confcience  of  duty,  in  ^vay  of 
thankfulnefs  for  mercy  received,  or  for  the  obtaining  of 
what  we  want ;  whereby  we  more  ftridly  bind  ourfelves  to 
neceflary  duties,  or  to  other  things,  fo  far  and  fo  long  as 
they  may  fitly  conduce  thereunto  p. 

'  VIL  No  man  may  vow  to  do  any  thing  forbidden  in  the 
word  of  God,  or  what  would  hin^ei*  any  duty  therein  com- 
manded, or  which  is  not  in  his  own  power,  and  for  the  per- 
formance whereof  he  hath  no  promife  or  ability  from  God  i. 

In 

prefents  unto  him  that  ought  to 
be  feared.  Jer.  xliv.  25.  Thus 
faith  the  Lord  of  hofls,  the  God 
of  Ifrad,  faying,  Ye  and  your 
wives  have  both  fpoken  with  your 
mouths,  and  fulfilled  with  your 
hand,  faying,  We  will  furely  per- 
form our  vows  that  we  have  vow- 
ed, to  burn  incenfe  to  the  queen 
of  heaven,  and  to  pour  out  drink- 
offerings  unto  her  :  ye  will  Purely 
accomplifh  your  vows,  and  furely 
perform  your  vows.  V.  2  6. There- 
fore, hear  ye  the  word  of  the  Lord, 
all  Judah  that  dwell  in  the  land 
of  Egypt,  Behold,  I  have  fworn 
by  my  great  name,  faith  the  Lord, 
that  my  name  fhall  no  more  be 
named  in  the  mouth  of  any  man 
of  Judah  in  all  the  land  of  Egypt, 
faying.  The  Lord  God  liveth. 

P  Deut.  xxiii.  21.  When  thou 
(halt  vow  a  vow  unto  the  Lord 
thy  God,  thou  (halt  not  flack  to 

pay  it :  for  the  Lord  thy  God  will 
furely  require  it  of  thee  ;  and  it 

would  be  fm  in  thee.    V.  22.  But 

if  thou  (halt  forbear  to  vow,  it 

fhall  be  no  fm  in  thee.    V.  23. 

That  which  is  gone  out  of  thy 

lips  thou  (halt  keep  and  perform; 

even  a  free-will-offering,  accoru- 

ing  as  thou  haft  vowed  unto  the 

Lord  thy  God,  which  thou  haft 

promifed  with  thy  mouth.     Pfal. 

L  14.  Otfer  imto  God  thankfgl- 

ving,  and  pay  thy  vows  unto  the 


moftHigh.    Gen.  xxviii.  20.  And 
Jacob  vowed  a  vow,  faying,  If 
God  will  be  with  me,  and  will 
keep  me  in  this  way  that  I  go, 
and  will  give  me  bread  to  eat, 
and  raiment  to  put  on;     V.  21. 
So  that  I  come  again  to  my  fa- 
ther's hoiife  in  peace ;  then  fiiall 
the  Lord  be  my  God.    V.  22 .  And 
this  ftone,  which  I  have  fet  for  a 
pillar,  Ihall  be  God's  houfe  :  and 
df  all  that  thou  fiialt  give  me,  I 
will  furely  give  the  tenth  unto 
thee.   I  Sam.  i.  i  r .  And  Ihe  vow- 
ed a  vow,  and  faid,  O  Lord  of 
hofts,  if  thou  wilt  indeed  look  on 
the  affliclion  of  thine  hand-maid, 
and  remember  me,  and  not  for- 
get thine  hand-maid,  but  will  give 
unto   thine  hand-maid    a  man- 
child,  then  will  I  give  him  unto 
the  Lord  all  the  days  of  his  life, . 
and  there  fliall  no  razor  come  up-; 
on  his  head.     Pfal.  Ixvi.  13,  14, 
\See  letter  ".]     Pfal.  cxxxii.  2. 
How  he  fware  unto  the  Lord, 
and  vowed  unto  the  mighty  God 
of  Jacob,    y.  3.  Surely  1  will  not 
come  into  the  tabernacle  of  my. 
houfe,  nor  go  up  into  my  bed  ;. 
V.  4.  I  will  not  give  deep  to  mine 
eyes,  or  flumber  to  mine  eye-lids, 
V.  5.  Until  I  find  out  a  place  for 
the  Lord,  arh  habitation  for  the 
mighty  God  of  Jacob. 

VII.  *•  Acts  xxiii.  12.  And  when 

it  was  day,  certain  of  the  Jews 

banded 


Chap.  XXin.         fbe  Confejfion  of  Faith.  139 

:n  which  refpe6ls,  PopiQi  monaftical  vows  of  perpetual  fingle 
life,  profelTed  poverty,  and  regular  obedience,  are  fo  fai*  from 
being  degrees  of  higiier  perfection,  that  they  are  fuperflitious 
and  finfulfnares,  in  which  no  Chriftian  may  entangle  himfelf^ 


CHAP.    XXIII.    Of  the  Chil  Magiftrate. 

GO  D,  the  fupreme  Lord  and  King  of  all  the  world,  hath 
ordained   civil  mrgiftrates   to   be   under   him    over 
'  the  people,  for  his  own  glory,  and  tlie  piiblick  good  ;  and,  to 

this 


banded  together,  and  bound  them- 
felves  under  a  curfe,  faying.  That 
they  would  neither  eat  nor  drink 
tillthey  had  killed  Paul,  v  .  14. 
And  they  came  to  the  chief  priefts 
and  elders,  and  faid,  We  have 
bound  ourfelves  under  a  great 
curfe,  that  we  will  cat  nothing 
imtil  we  have  flain  Paul.  Mark 
vi.  26.  And  the  king  was  exceed- 
ing forry;  yet  for  his  oath's  fake, 
and  for  their  fakes  which  fat  with 
him,  he  would  not  rejeft  her. 
Numb.  XXX.  5.  But  if  her  father 
difallow  her  in  the  day  that  he 
heareth  j  not  any  of  her  vows,  or 
of  her  bonds  wherewith  (he  hath 
bound  her  foul,  fhall  (land  :  and 
the  Lord  (hall  forgive  her,  becaufe 
her  father  difallowed  her.  V.  8. 
But  if  her  hufband  difallow  her 
on  the  day  that  he  heard  it;  then 
he  (hall  make  her  vow  which  fhe 
vowed,  and  that  which  fhe  utter- 
ed with  her  lips,  wherewith  (he 
bound  her  foul,  of  none  effecl  : 
ind  the  Lord  fliall  forgive  her. 
V.  12.  But  if  her  hufband  hath 
Utterly  made  them  void  on  the 
day  he  heard  them ;  then  whatfo- 
Cver  proceeded,  out  of  her  lips, 
concerning  her  vows,  or  concern- 
ing the  bond  of  her  foul,  flrall  not 
ftand :  her  hufband  hath  made 
them  void ;  and  the  Lord  fhall  for- 


give her.  V.  13.  Every  vow,  and 
every  binding  oath  to  afflift  the 
foul,  her  hufband  may  eflablifh  it, 
or  her  hufoand  may  make  it  void. 
"■  Mat  xix.  II.  But  he  faid  un- 
to them,  All  men  cannot  receive 
this  faying,  fave  they  to  whom  it 
is  given.  V.  12.  For  there  are 
fome  eunuchs,  which  were  fo 
born  from  their  mother's  womb ; 
and  there  are  fome  eunuchs,which 
were  made  eunuchs  of  men ;  and 
there  be  eunuchs,  which  have 
made  themfelves  eunuchs  for  the 
kingdom  of  heaven's  fake :  he  that 
is  able  to  receive  it,  let  him  re- 
ceive it.  I  Cor.  vii.  2.  Neverthe- 
lefs,  to  avoid  fornication,  let  every 
man  have  his  own  wife,  and  let 
every  woman  have  her  own  huf- 
band. V.  9.  But  if  they  cannot 
contain  let  them  marry :  for  it  is 
better  to  marry  than  to  burn. 
Eph.  iv.  28.  Let  him  that  {Vole, 
fteal  no  more  :  but  rather  let  him 
labour,  working  with  his  hands 
the  thing  which  is  good,  that  he 
may  have  to  give  to  him  that 
needeth.  i  Pet.  iv.  2.  That  he 
no  longer  fliould  live  the  ref^  of 
his  time  in  the  fiefh,  to  the  lufts  of 
men,  but  to  the  will  of  God. 
I  Cor.  vii.  23.  Ye  are  bought  With 
a  price,  be  not  ye  the  fervants  of 
men.  -• 

I.  *  Rom. 


1 40  7 he  Confefion  of  Faith,         Chap.  XXIII. 

this  end,  hath  armed  tliem  with  the  power  of  the  fword,  for 
the  defence  and  encouragement  of  tliem  that  are  good,  and 
for  the  puniihment  of  evil-doers  ». 

II.  It  is  lawful  for  Chriftians  to  accept  and  execute  the 
office  of  a  magiftrate,  when  called  thereunto  *> ;  in  the  ma- 
naging whereof,  as  they  ought  efpeciaily  to  maintain  piety, 
juitice,  and  peace,  according  to  the  wholefbme  laws  of  each 
commonwealth  ^ ;  fo,  for  that  end,  they  may  lawfully,  now 
under  the  new  teflament,  wage  wai*  upon  jull  and  necelTary 
occaiions  ^, 

III.  The 


I.  *  Rom.  xin.  i.  Let  every  foul 
be  fiibjetl  unto  the  higher  powers. 
For  there  is  no  power  but  of  God  : 
the  powers  that  be  are  ordained 
of  God.  V.  2.Whoroevcr,  there- 
fore, refilteth  the  power,  refifleth 
the  ordinance  of  God :  and  they 
that  relill:  Ihall  receive  to  them- 
fejves damnation.  V.  3,  Forrulers 
are  not  a  terror  to  good  works, 
but  to  the  evil.  Wik  thou  then 
not  be  afraid  of  the  power  ?  do 
that  whicli  is  good,  and  tJioufhalt 
have  praife  of  the  fame  :  V.  4. 
For  he  is  the  minifler  of  God  to 
thee  for  good.  But  if  thou  do 
that  which  is  evil,  be  afraid  j  for 
he  bearethnot  the  fword  in  vain: 
for  he  is  the  minifter  of  God,  a 
revenger  to  execute  wrath  upon 
him  thatdoeth  evil,  i  Pet.  ii.  13. 
Submit  yourfelves  to  every  ordi- 
nance of  man  for  the  Lord's  fake  : 
■whether  it  be  to  the  king,  as  fu- 
preme  ;  V.  14.  Or  unto  gover- 
nors, as  unto  them  that  are  fent 
by  him  for  the  punifhnient  of  evil- 
doers, and  for  the  praife  of  them 
that  do  well. 

n.  ''Prov.  viii.  1 5.  Byrne  kings 
reign,  and  princes  decree  juiUce. 
V.  16.  By  me  princes  rule,  and 
nobles,  e\cn  all  the  judges  of  the 
earth.  Rom.  xiii.  i,  2,  4.  [Vct/>; 
kttar  ••] 


'  PfaL  ii.  10.  Be  wife  now, 
therefore,  O  ye  kings  beinftruft- 
ed,  yejudgesof  the  earth.  V.  11. 
Serve  the  Lord  with  fear,  and  re- 
joice with  trembling.  V.  12-  Kifs 
tiie  Son,  left  he  be  angry,  and  ye 
perifh  from  the  way,  when  his 
wrath  is  kindled  but  a  little: 
blelfed  are  all  they  that  put  tiieir 
truft  in  hira.  i  Tim.  ii.  2.  For 
kings,  and  for  all  that  are  ia  au- 
thority;  that  we  may  lead  a  quiet 
and  peaceable  life  in  all  godlinels 
and  honefty.  Pfal.  Ixxxii.  3.  De- 
fend the  poor  and  fatherlefs :  do 
juftice  to  the  afflifted  and  needy. 
V.4.  Deliver  the  poor  and  needy: 
rid  them  out  of  the  hand  of  the 
wicked.  2  Sam.  xxiii.  3.  The 
God  of  Ifrael  faid,  the  Rock  of 
Ifrael  fpake  to  me,  He  that  ruleth 
over  men  muft  be  juft,  ruling  in 
the  fear  of  God,  i  Pet.  11.-13. 
\^See  in  latter  ^.'] 

*•  Luke  iii.  14-  And  the  foldiers 
likewife  demanded  of  him,  faying, 
And  whatihall  we  do  ?  And  hefaid 
unto  tliem,  Do  violence  to  no  man, 
neither  accufe  any  falfely,  and  be 
conte'it  with  your  wages.  Rom. 
xiii.  4.  [^See  U'ttcr  *.]  Mat.  viii.  9. 
For  I  am  a  man  under  authority, 
having  foldiers  under  me  :  and  I 
fay  to  this  Uian,  Go,  and  he  go- 
cth :  and  to  another,  Come,  and 

he 


Chap.  XXm.  The  Confejfmi  0/  Faith,  1 4 1 

m.  Tlie  civil  magiftrate  may  not  afTume  to  hlmfelf  the 
admir.ifbation  of  the  word  and  lacramenrs,  or  the  power  of 
the  keys  of  the  kingdom  of  hcavtn  « :  yet  he  hath  authori:y, 
and  k  is  h.is  duty,  to  taJie  orde**,  that  unity  and  peace  -be  pre- 
Jerved  in  the  church,  that  the  truth  of  God  be  kept  pure  and 
entire,  tliat  all  blaiphemies  and  hereiies  be  fiipprelTed ;  aH  cor- 
ruptions and  abufes  in  worlhip  and  diicipline  prevented  or 

reformed; 

he  Cometh:  and  to  my  fervant, 
Do  this,  and  he  doeth  it.  V".  10. 
When  Jefus  heard  it,  he  marvel- 
led, and  faid  to  them  tl. it  follow- 
ed. Verily,  I  faymito  you.  1  have 
not  found  fo  great  faith,  no,  not 
in  ifniel .  Av^s  x.  r .  There  v. as  a 
certain  man  in  Cefarea  tailed  Gor- 
nel;«?,  a  centurion  of  the  band 
called  the  Italian  band,  V.  2.  A 
devout  man,  and  one  that  feared 
God  with  all  his  boufe,  wiiich 
gELve  much  alms  to  the  people, 
and  prayed  to  God  alway.  Rev. 
xvii.  14.  Thefc  fliall  make  war 
\ritli  the  Lamb,  and  the  Lamb  fhall 
overcome  them  :  for  he  is  Lord 
of  lorda,  anrl  King  of  kings ;  and 
they  that  are  with  him  are  called, 
and  chofen,  and  faithful-  V.  i  6. 
AnJ  ti»e  ten  horns  which  thou  Ciw- 
ert  upon  the  beafl,  tliefe  Ihall  hate 
the  whore,  and  fiiall  make  her 
defolate,  and  naked,  and  (hall  eat 
her  fleih,  uxtd  burn  her  with  tire. 

III.  *  2  Ghroa  xxvi.  i8.  And 

they  withftood  Uzzi^ih  the  king, 

and  faid  unto  him.   It  appertain- 

'1  not  unto   thee,    Uzzii.h,    to 

,1  incenfe  unto  the  Lord,  but 
.  :he  priells  the  fons  of  Aaron, 
11  It  are  coufecrated  to  burn  in- 
-  nfe  :   go  oat  of  ^lie  fanctuary, 

thou  haft  trefpafil'd;  neither 

i  It  be  for  tinne  honour  frc.m 
Lord   Ood.       With    Maicn. 

a.  i".  And  if  he  lliall  ncglecl 
to  hear  them,  tell  it  unto  the 
church  ;    but  if  he  neglect  to 


hear  the  church,  let  him  be  un- 
to thee  as  an  heathen  man,  and 
a  publican.     And  Mat.  xvi.  19. 
And  I  v/ill  give  unto  thee  the 
keys  of  the  kingdom  of  heaven  : 
and  whatfoever  thou  fhak  bind  on 
earth.  Iwaii  be  bound  in  heaven  : 
and  whatsoever  uhou  fnalt  loofe  on 
earth,  fiiali  be  loofed  in  heiiven. 
I  Cor.  xii.  28.  Aiid  Gcd  hath  fet 
(i)me  in  the  church;  ti.-ft,  apoftles; 
fetondarily,     prophets ;    thirdly, 
teachers;  after  that  miracles, -then 
gifts  of  healings,   helps,  govern- 
ments,   diveriities    of    tongues. 
\  .  29.  Are   all  apcliles?  are  ail 
prophets?  are  all  teachers?  are  all 
workers  of  miracles?  Eph.  iv.  ii. 
And  he  gave  fome  apofUes,  aiKi 
fome  prophets,  and  fome  evange- 
Ults,  and  fome  paflors  and  teach- 
ers ;    V.  I  2 .  For  tlie  perfecling  of 
the  faints,  for  the  work  of  the 
rainiilry,  for  the  edifying  of  tlie 
bodyofChrift      i  Cor.  iv.  i.  Let 
a  man  fo  i^;.ount  of  ns  as  of  the 
minifttrrs  of  Chnil.  and  ftev.ards 
of  thtr  mylter:-s  of  C-od.     V.  2, 
Mxireover,  it  is  r-.  qnirvd  in  Rew- 
ard- xhat  a  man  be  found  faith- 
ful.    Rom.  X.  15    And  how  fhall 
they  pr  ach  tx<  ept  t'^.ey  be  ft-nt  ? 
as  it  is  vv-  tten,  '  ov.'t/t  -utifirl :  re 
the  feet  0-'  th-'m  thi.t  preach  the 
g(;fpel  of  peace,   ara  bring  glad 
tid.ngs  of  gocd  thing-  !    He'^  v .  4. 
And  no  01  in  i  keth  i\:'-%  honoiw: 
i;nt<»  himf.lf,  but  heih.t  is  call- 
ed of  ood,  as  was  Atiron. 

Ufa. 


142  The  Confejfion  of  Faith.'         Chap.  XXIIL 

reformed;  and  all  the  ordinances  of  God  duly  fettled,  admi- 
niftered,  and  obferved^     For  the  better  effedling  whereof 

he 


'  Ifa.  xlix.  23.  And  kings  (hall 
be  thy  iiurfing-fathers,  and  their 
queens  thynurfmg-mothers:  they 
fliallbow  down  to  thee  with  their 
face  toward  the  earth,  and  lick 
up  the  dull  of  thy  feet,  and  thou 
fhalt  know  that  I  am  the  Lord : 
for  they  fhaU  not  be  afhamed  that 
wait  for  me.     Pfal.  cxxii.  9.  Be- 
caufe  of  the  houfe  of  the  Lord 
our  God,  I  will  feek  thy  good. 
Ezra  vii.  23.  Whatfoever  is  com- 
manded by  the  God  of  heaven, 
let  it  be  diligently  done  for  the 
houfe  of  the  God  of  heaven  :  for 
why  fhould  there  be  wrath  againft 
the  realm  of  the  king  and  his  Tons  ? 
V.  25.  And  thou,  Ezra,  after  the 
wifdom  of  th}»  God  that  is  in  thine 
-  hand,  fet  magiftrates  and  judges, 
which  may  judge  all  the  people 
that  are  beyond  the  river,  all  fuch 
as  know  the  laws  of  thy  God  ; 
and  teach  ye  them  that  know 
them  hot.   V.  26.  And  whofoever 
will  not  do  the  law  of  thy  God, 
and  the  law  of  the  king,  let  judg- 
ment be  executed  fpeedily  upon 
him,  whether  it  be  unto  death, 
or  to  baniihm  nt,  or  to  confifca- 
tion  of  goods,  or  to  imprifonmcnt. 
V,  27.  Blefled  be  the  Lord  God 
of  our  fathers,   which  hath  put 
fuch  a  thing  as  this  in  the  king's 
heart,   to  beautify  the   houfe  of 
the  Lord  which  is  in  Jerufalem: 
V.  28.  And  hath  extended  mer- 
cy unto  me  before  tlie  kin,^  and 
his  counfellors,  and  before  ail  the 
king's  mighty  princes;  and  I  was 
ftrengthened,  .1;^  the  hand  cfthe 
Lord  my  God  was  upon  me,   and 
I  gathered  together  out  of  Ifraei 
chief  men  to  go   up  with   me. 
Lev.  xxiv.  i6.  And  he  that  blaf- 
phemeth  the  name  of  the  Lord, 


he  fhall  furely  be  put  to  death; 
and  all  the  congregation  fliall  cer- 
tainly {lone  him :    as  well  the 
ftranger,  as  he  that  is  born  in  the 
land,  when  he  blafphemeth  the 
name  of  the  Lord,  flia.ll  be  put  to 
death.      Deut.  xiii.  5.  And  that 
prophet,     or    that    dreamer    of 
dreams,  Ihallbe  put  to  death,  (be- 
caufe  he  hath  fpoken  to  turn  you 
away  from  the  Lord  your  God, 
which  brought  you  out   of  the 
land   of   Egypt,    and    redeemed 
you  out  of  the  houfe  of  bondage, 
to  thruft  thee  out  of  the  way 
which  the  Lord  thy  God  com- 
manded thee  to  walk  in, )  fo  fhalt 
thou  put  the  evil  away  from  the 
midft  of  thee.     V.  6.  If  thy  bro- 
ther, the  fon  of  thy  mother,  or 
thy  fon,  or  thy  daughter,    or  the 
wife  of  thy  bofom,  or  thy  friend, 
which  is  as  thine  own  foul,  en- 
tice thee  fecretly,  faying,  Let  us 
go  and  ferve  other  gods,  which 
thou  haft  not  known,  thou,  nor 
thy  fathers.     V.  12.  If  thou  (halt 
hear  fay  in  one  of  thy  cities,  which 
the  Lord  thy  God  hath  given  thee 
to  dwell  there,  faying,  ^c.  2  Kings 
xviii.  4.    He  removed  the  high 
places,     and   brake  the    images,, 
and  cut  down  the  groves,    and 
brake  in  pieces  the  brazen  ferpent 
that  Mofes  had  made :  for  unta 
thofc  days  the  children  of  Ifraei 
did  burn  inccnfe  to  it,  and  he  call- 
ed it  Nehufhtan.   [i  Chron.xiii.r. 
to  thf  otfiVerfe.    2  Kings  xxiii.  r. 
tothezbihV^rJe.']  2  Chron.xxxiv. 
33.  And  Jofiah  took  away  all  the 
abominations  out  of  all  the  coun- 
tries that  pertained  to  the  chil- 
dren of  Ifraei,  and  made  ail  that 
were  prefenc  in  Ifraei  to  ferve, 
even  to  ferve  the  Lord  their  God. 
And 


Chap.  XXIII.         The  Coufeffion  of  Faith.  143 

^le  hath  power  to  call  fynods,  to  be  prefent  at  them,  and  to 
provide  that  whatlbever  is  traiifadled  iii  them  be  according  to 
the  mind  of  God  e. 

IV.  It  is  the  duty  of  people  to  pray  for  magiflrates  %  to 
honour  tlx^ir  perfons ',  to  pay  them  tribute  and  other  dues  k, 
to  obey  their  lawful  commands,  and  to  be  fubjedl  to  their 
authority,  for  confcience'  fake  ^  Infidelity,  or  diiFerence 
in  religion,  doth  not  make  void  the  ma^iftrate's  jull  and 
legal  authority,  nor  free  the  people  from  their  due  obedience 

to 

ters :  alfo  the  Levites  fliall  be  of- 
ficers before  you.  Deal  courage- 
oufly,  and  the  Lord  (hall  be  with 
the  good.  [2  Chron.  Chapters 
xxix.  and  xxx.]  Matth.  ii.  4. 
And  when  he  had  gathered  all  the 
chief  priefts  and  fcribes  of  the 
people  together,  he  demanded  of 
them  where  Chrift  fhould  be  born. 
V.  5.  And  they  faid  unto  him,  In 
Bethlehem  of  Judea :  for  thus  it  is 
written  by  the  prophet. 

IV.  ^  I  Tim.  ii.  r.  I  exhort, 
therefore,  that,  firft  of  all,  fuppli- 
cations,  prayers,  interceffions,  and 
giving  of  thanks,  be  made  for  all 
men;  V.  2.  For  kings,  and  for 
all  that  are  in  authority  ;  that  we 


And  all  his  days  they  departed  not 
from  following  the  Lord,  the  God 
of  their  fathers.  2  Chron.  xv.  ra. 
And  they  entered  into  a  cove- 
nant, to  Ceek  the  Lord  God  of 
their  fathers,  with  all  their  heart 
and  with  all  their  foul;  V.  13. 
That  whofoever  would  not  feek 
the  Lord  God  of  Ifrael  fhould  be 
put  to  death,  whether  fmall  or 
great,  whether  manx)r  woman. 

^  2  Chron.  xix.  8.  Moreover, 
in  Jerufalem  did  Jehofiiaphat  fet 
of  the  Levites,  and  of  the  priefts, 
and  of  the  chief  of  the  fathers  of 
Ifrael,  for  the  judgment  of  the 
Lord,  and  for  controverfies,  when 
they  returned  to  Jerufalem.  V.9, 


And    he  charged  them,  faying,  ^may  lead  a  quiet  and  peaceable 


Thus  flmll  ye  do  in  the  fear  of 
the  Lord,  faithfully,  and  with  a 
perfect  heai't.  V.  10.  And  what 
caufe  foever  fhall  come  to  you  of 
your  brethren  that  dwell  in  their 
cities,  between  blood  and  blood, 
between  law  and  commandment, 
ftatutes  and  judgments,  ye  fhall 
even  warn  them  that  they  tref- 
pafs  not  againft  the  Lord,  and  fo 
%vrath  come  upon  you,  and  upon 
your  brethren  :  this  do,  and  ye 
Ihall  not  trefpafs.  V.  11.  And, 
behold,  Amariah  the  chief  priell 
15  over  you  in  all  matters  of  the 
Lord ;  and  Zebadiah,  ths  Ton  of 
lihoiael,  the  ruler  cf  the  houfe 
of  Judah,  for  all  the  king's  mat- 


life  in  all  godlinefs  and  honefty. 

•  I  Pet.  ii.  17.  Honourallmen. 
Love  the  brotherhood.  Fear  God. 
Honour  the  king. 

^  Rom.  xiii.  6.  For,  for  this 
caufe  pay  you  tribute  alfo  :  for 
they  are  God's  minifters,  attend- 
ing continually  upon  this  very 
thing.  V.  7.  Render,  therefore, 
to  all  their  dues:  tribute  to  whom 
tribute  is  due,  cuftom  to  whom 
cuftom,  fear  to  whom  fear,  ho- 
nour to  whom  honour. 

•  Rom.  xiii.  5.  Wherefore  ye 
muft  needs  be  fubject,  not  only 
for  wrath,  but  alfo  forcohfcience' 
fake.  Tit.  iii.  i.  Put  them  in 
mind  to  be  fubjeft  to  principali- 
ties 


144  -  The  ConfcJJlo7t  of  Faith,  Chap.  XXIII. 

to  him  « :  from  which  fxclt-fiaflical  perfonsare  not  exempted » ; 
much  lefs  hath  the  Pope  any  power  or  jurifdidion  over  them 
in  their  dominions,  or  over  any  of  their  people;  and  leall  of 
ail  to  deprive  them  of  their  dominions  or  lives,  if  he  fhall 
judge  them  to  be  hereticks,  or  upon  any  other  pretence 
whatfoever..  ^j^^p^ 


ties  and  powers,  to  obey  magi- 
ftrates,  to  be  ready  to  every  good 
work. 

*"  I  Pet.  ii.  13.  Submit  your- 
felves  to  every  ordinance  of  man 
for  the  Lord's  fake :  whether  it 
be  to  the  king,  asfupreme;  V.14. 
Or  unto  governors,  as  unto  them 
that  are  fent  by  him  for  the  pu- 
nidiment  of  evil-doers,  :ind  for 
the  praife  of  them  that  do  well. 
V.  16.  As  free,  and  not  ufing  your 
liberty  for  a  cloak  of  maliciouf- 
nefs,   but  as  the  fervants  of  God. 

"  Rom.  xiii.  i.  Let  every  foul 
befubjeft  unto  the  higher  powers. 
For  there  is  no  power  but  of  God; 
the  powers  that  be  are  ordain- 
ed of  God.  I  Kings  ii.  35.  And 
the  king  put  Benaiah,  the  fon  of 
Jehoiada,  in  his  room,  over  the 
hoft  ;  and  Zadok  the  pried  did 
the  king  put  in  the  roomof  Abia- 
thar.  Afts  xxv  9.  But  Feftus, 
willing  to  do  the  Jews  a  pleafure, 
anfwered  Paul,  and  faid,  Wilt 
thou  go  up  to  Jerufalem,  and 
there  be  judged  of  thefe  things 
before  me?  V.  10.  Then  fdid 
Paul,  I  (land  at  Cefar's  judgment- 
feat,  where  I  ought  to  oe  judged; 
to  the  [ews  have  I  done  no  wrong,  - 
as  thou  very  well  knoweft.  V .  1 1 . 
For  If  I  be  an  offender,  or  have 
committed  any  thing  worthy  of 
death,  I  refufe  not  to  die:  but  if 
there  be  none  of  thefe  things 
whereof  thfcfe  accufe  me,  no  man 
mav  deliver  me  unto  tiiem.  I  iip- 
peal  unto  Cefar  2  Pet  ii.  i .  But 
there  were    fulfe    prophets   alfo 


among  the  people,  even  as  there 
fhall  be  falfc  teachers  among  you, 
who  privily  fhall  bring  in  damn- 
able hereiies,  even  denying  the 
Lord  that  bought  them,  and  bring 
upon  themfel ves  fwif t  deftruft4on . 
V.  lo.  But  chiefly  them  that  walk 
after  the  fliefli,  in  the  luft  of  un- 
cleannefs,  and  defplfe  govern- 
ment :  prefumptuous  are  they, 
felf-willed,  they  are  not  afraid  to 
fpeak  evil  of  dignities.  V.  11, 
Whereas  angels,  which  are  greater 
in  power  and  might,  bring  not 
railing  accufation  againft  them 
before  the  Lord.  Jude,  Ver.  8. 
Likewife  alfo  thefe  tilthy  dream- 
ers defile  the  flefh,  defpife  domi- 
nion, and  fpeak  evil  of  dignities. 
V.  9.  Yet  Michael  the  archangel, 
when  contending  with  the  devil, 
(he  difputed  about  the  body  of 
Mofes, )  durft  not  bring  againft 
him  a  railing  accufation,  but  faid, 
The  Lord  rebuke  thee.  V.  10. 
But  thefe  fpeak  evil  of  thofe  things 
which  they  know  not ;  but  what 
they  know  naturally,  as  brute 
beafls,  in  thofe  things  they  cor- 
rupt themfel  ves.  V.  i  r .  Woe  un- 
to them !  for  they  have  gone  in 
the  way  of  Cain,  and  ran  greedi- 
ly after  the  tiro;  of  Balaam  for 
reward,  and  peri  iied  in  the  gain- 
faying  of  ("ore. 

°  2  Thefil  ii.  4.  Who  oppofeth 
and  exalteth  himfelf  abm'e  all 
that  is  called  Jod,  or  that  is  wor- 
(liipped ;  fo  that  he  as  i  od  fitteth 
in  the  temple  of  God,  fhewing 
himfelf  that  he  is  God.  Rev. 
xiii.  15. 


Chap.  XXIV.        fhe  Confefm  of  Faith.  1 45 

CHAP.    XXIV.    OfMmriage  and  Divorce, 

MArriage  is  to  be  between  one  man  and  one  woman  r 
neither  is  it  lawful  for  any  man  to  have  more  than 
one  wife,  nor  for  any  woman  to  have  more  than  one  hufband, 
at  tlic  fame  time  =>. 

II.  Marriage  was  ordained  for  the  mutual  help  of  husband 
and  wife  ^ ;  for  the  increafe  of  mankind  with  a  legitimate 
ifllie,  and  of  the  church  with  an  holy  feed  ^ ;  and  for  preveht- 
iiig  of  uncleannefs  '1. 

HI.  It  ]s  lawful  for  ail  forts  of  people  to  many  who  are 
able  with  judgment  to  give  their  confent^ :  yet  it  is  the  duly  of 

Chriftians 


xiii.  15.  And  he  had  power  to 
give  life  unto  the  image  of  the 
beaft,  that  the  image  of  the  bead 
fliould  both  fpeak,  and  caiife  that 
as  many  as  would  not  woriliip  the 
image  of  the  bead  ihould  be  kill- 
ed. V.  16.  And  he  caiifcth  all, 
both  fmall  and  great,  rich  and 
poor,  free  and  bond,  to  receive  a 
mark  in  their  right  hand,  or  in 
their  foreheads :  V .  1 7 .  And  that 
no  man  might  buy  or  fell,  fave  he 
that  had  the  mark,  or  the  name 
of  the  beaft,  or  the  number  of 
his  name. 

I.  *  Gen.  ii.  2  4-  Therefore  fhall 
a  man  leave  his  father  and  his  mo- 
ther, and  fhall  cleave  unto  his 
wife:  and  they  fhall  be  one  tlefli. 
Mat.  xix.  5.  And  faid.  For  this 
caufe  fliall  a  man  leave  father  and 
mother,  and  Ihall  cleave  to  his 
wife  :  and  they  twain  fliall  be  one 
flefli.  V.  6.  Wherefore  they  are 
no  more  twain,  but  one  flefli. 
"What,  therefore,  God  hath  joined 
together,  let  not  man  put  afunder. 
Prov.  ii.  17.  Which  forfaketh  the 
guide  of  her  youth,  and  forget- 
teth  the  covenant  of  her  God. 

II.  •>  Gen.  ii.  18.  And  the  Lord 
Gocifaid,  It  is  not  good  that  the 
Tian  (liould  be  alone:  I  will  mak^ 
lim  an  help  meet  for  him. 


•^  Mai.  ii.  15.  And  did  not  he 
make  one?  yet  had  he  the  relidue 
of  the  Spirit:  and  wherefore  one? 
that  he  might  feek  a  godly  feed  : ' 
therefore  take  heed  to  yourfpirit, 
and  let  none  deal  treaclierouil/ 
againfl  the  wife  of  his  youth. 

'^  I  Cor.  vii.  2.  Neverthelcfs,  to- 
avoid  fornication,  let  every  man 
have  his  own  wife,  and  let  every 
woman  have  her  own  hufoand. 
V.  9.  But  if  they  cannot  contain 
let  them  marry  :  for  it  is  better 
to  marry  than  to  burn. 

III.  "  Heb.  xiii.  4.  Marriage  is 
honourable  in  all,  and  the  bed 
undefiled :  but  whoremongers  ?ncl 
adulterers  God  will  judge,  i  Tim. 
iv.  3.  Forbidding  to  marry,  and 
commanding  to  abftain  from 
meats,  which  God  hath  created 
to  be  received  with  thankfgiving; 
of  them  which  believe  and  know 
the  truth,  i  Cor.  vii.  36.  But  if 
any  man  think  that  he  behaveth 
himfelf  uncomely  to.wards  his 
virgin,  if  fh.e  pafs' the  flower  of 
her  age,  and  need  fo  require,  let 
him  do  what  he  v/ill,  he  fmneth 
not:  let  them  marry.  V.  37. 
Neverthelefs,  he  that  ftandeth 
ftedfaft  in  his  heart,  having  no 
neceflity,  but  hath  power  over 
his  own  v;\l\^  and  hath  fo  decrecdf 


1 4^  ^'/'(f  Confej}lo7i  ofTnitk  Chap.  XXIV. 

Chriftians  to  marry  only  in  the  Lord  f.  And,  therefore,  fuch 
as  profefs  the  true  reformed  religion  flionld  not  marry  with 
Infidels,  Papifts,  or  other  idolaters:  neither  flionld  fuch  as 
are  godly  be  unequally  yoked,  by  marrying  \vit]i  fucli  as  are 
notorioully  wicked  in  theii*  life,  or  maintain  damnable  he- 

refies  &.  ttt    xyr       - 

IV.  Marriage 


In  his  heart  that  he  will  keep 
his  virgin,  doethwell.  V.  38.  So 
then,  he  that  giveth  her  in  mar- 
riage doeth  well ;  but  he  that  gi- 
veth  her  not  in  marriage  doeth 
better.  Gen.  xxiv.  57.  And  they 
faid,  We  will  call  the  damfel, 
and  enquire  at  her  mouth.  V.  58. 
And  they  called  Rebekah,  and 
faid  unto  her,  Wilt  thou  go  with 
this  man?  And  flie  faid,  I  will 
go. 

f  I  Cor.  vii.  39.  The  wife  is 
bound  by  the  law  as  long  as  her 
hulbandliveth:  but  if  her  hufband 
be  dead,  Ihe  is  at  liberty  to  be 
married  to  whom  fhe  will;  only 
in  the  Lord. 

6  Gen.  xxxiv.  14.  And  they  faid 
unto  them,  We  cannot  do  this 
thing,  to  give  our  fifter  to  one 
that  is  uncircumcifed :  for  that 
were  a  reproach  unto  us.  Exod. 
y.xxiv.  16.  And  thou  takeof  their 
daughters  unto  thy  fons,  and  their 
daughters  go  a  whoring  after  their 
gods,  and  make  thy  fons  go  a  who- 
ring after  their  gods.  Deut.  vii.  3. 
Neither  flmlt  thou  make  marriages 
with  them;  thy  daughter  thou 
fhalt  not  give  unto  his  fon,  nor 
his  daughter  (halt  thou  take  unto 
thy  fon.  V.  4-  For  they  will  turn 
away  thy  fon  from  following  me, 
that  they  may  ferve  other  gods : 
fo  will  the  anger  of  the  Lord  be 
kindled  againft  you,  and  deftroy 
thee  fuddenly.  i  Kings  xi.  4- 
For  it  came  to  pafs,  when  Solo- 
mon was  old,  that  his  wives  turn- 
ed  away  his  heart  after  other 


gods ;  and  his  heart  was  not  per- 
fe£t  with  the  Lord  his  God,  as 
was  the  heart  of  David  his  father. 
Neh.  xiii.  25.  And  I  contended 
with  them,  and  curfed  them,  and 
fmote  certainof  them,  and  plucked 
off  their  hair,  and  made  them 
fwear  by  God,  faying,  Ye  fhall 
not  give  your  daughters  unto  their 
fons,  nor  take  their  daughters  un- 
to your  fons,  or  for  yourfelves. 
V.  26,  Did  not  Solomon  king  of 
Ifrael  fin  by  thefe  things?  yet 
among  many  nations  was  there  no 
king  like  him,  who  was  beloved 
of  his  God,  and  God  made  him 
king  over  all  Ifrael :  neverthelefs, 
even  him  did  outlandifli  women 
caufe  to  fin.  V.  27.  Shall  we 
then  hearken  unto  you  to  do  all 
thisgreat  evil,  to  tranfgrefs againft 
our  God,  in  marrying  ftrange 
wives?  Mai.  ii.  ir.  Judah  hath 
dealt  treacberoufly,  and  an  abo- 
mination is  committed  in  Ifrael, 
and  in  Jerufalem :  for  Judah  hath 
profaned  the  holinefs  of  the 
Lord  which  he  loved,  and  hath 
married  the  daughter  of  a  ftrange 
god.  V.  12.  The  Lord  will  cut 
off  the  man  that  doeth  this :  the 
mafter  and  the  fcholar  out  of  the 
tabernacles  of  Jacob,  and  him 
that  offereth  an  offering  unto  the 
Lord  of  hofts.  2  Cor.  ▼!.  14-  Be 
ye  not  unequally  yoked  together 
with  unbelievers:  for  what  fel- 
lowfliip  hath  righteoufnefs  with 
unrlghteoufnefs  ?  and  what  com- 
munion hath  light  with  dark- 
nefs  ? 

IV.  ^tLevit. 


Chap.  XXIV.  TheConfefion  of  Faith.  14; 

IV.  Marriage  ought  not  to  be  \vitlim  the  degrees  of  con- 
fanguinity  or  affinity  forbidden  in  the  ^vord  " ;  nor  can  fuch 
incefluoiis  marriages  ever  be  made  lawful  by  any  law  of  man, 
or  ccnfent  of  parties,  fo  as  thofe  perfons  may  live  together 
as  man  and  wife  >.  The  man  may  not  marf-y  any  of  his 
wife's  kindred  nearer  in  blood  than  he  may  of  his  own,  nor 
the  woman  of  her  hufband's  kindred  neaixr  in  blood  than  of 
her  own  ^. 

V.  Adultery  or  fornication  committed  after  a  contract, 
being  detected  before  marriage,  giveth  jufl:  occafion  to  the 
innocent  party  to  diilblve  that  contract ».  In  the  cafe  of  adul- 
tery 

alfo,  when  ye  defile  it,  as  it  fpued 
out  the  nations  that  were  before 
you. 

*=  Lev.  XX.  19.  And  thou  fhalt 
not  uncover  the  nakednefs  of  thy 
mother's  fifter,  nor  of  thy  fa- 
ther's fifter :  for  he  uncovereth 
his  near  kin  :  they  fliall  bear  their 
iniquity.  V.  20.  And  if  a  man 
fhali  lie  with  his  uncle's  wife,  he 
hath  uncovered  his  uncle's  naked- 
nefs :  they  Ihall  bear  their  fin; 
they  fliall  die  childlefs.  V.  21. 
And  if  a  man  fliall  take  his  bro- 
ther's wife,  it  is  an  unclean  thing: 
he  hath  uncovered  his  brother's 
nakednefs;  they  fliall  be  childlefs. 

V.  '  Mat.  i.  18.  Now  the  birth 
of  Jefus  Chrift  was  on  this  wife  : 
When  as  his  mother  Mary  was 
efpoufed  to  Jofeph,  before  tiiey 
came  together,  flie  was  found 
with  child  of  the  Holy  Ghoft. 
V.  19.  Then  Jofeph  her  hufband, 
being  a  jufl  man,  and  not  willing 
to  make  her  a  publick  example, 
was  minded  to  put  her  away  pri- 
vily. V.  20.  But  whilehethought 
on  thefe  things,  behold,  the  angel 
of  the  Lord  appeared  unto  him  in  a 
dream,  faying,  Jofeph,  thoufonof 
David,  fear  not  to  take  unto  thee 
Mary  thy  wife:  for  that  which  is 
conceived  in  her  is  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft. 


IV.  *•  [Levit.  Chapter  xviii.] 
I  Cor.  v.  I .  It  is  reported  com- 
monly that  there  is  fornication 
among  you,  and  fuch  fornication 
as  is  not  fo  much  as  named  among 
the  Gentiles,  that  one  fliould  have 
his  father's  wife.  Amos  ii.  7« 
That  pant  after  the  duft  of  the 
earth  on  the  head  of  the  poor, 
and  turn  afide  the  way  of  the 
meek :  and  a  man  and  his  father 
will  go  in  unto  the  fame  maid,  to 
profane  my  holy  name. 

'  Mark  vi.  18.  For  John  had 
faid  unto  Herod,  It  is  not  lawful 
for  thee  to  have  thy  brother's 
^vife.  Lev.  xviii.  24.  Defile  not 
ye  yourfelves  in  any  of  thefe 
things :  for  in  all  thefe  the  na- 
tions are  defiled  which  I  caft  out 
before  you  :  V.  25.  And  the  land 
is  defiled  :  therefore  I  do  vifit  the 
iniquity  thereof  upon  it,  and  the 
land  itfelf  vomiteth  out  her  inha- 
bitants. V.  26.  Ye  fliall,  there- 
fore, keep  my  ftatutes  and  my 
judgments,  and  fliall  not  commit 
any  of  thefe  abominations,-  neither 
any  of  your  own  nation,  nor  any 
ftranger  that  fojourneth  among 
you  :  V.  27.  (For  all  thefe  abo- 
minations have  the  men  of  the 
land  done,  which  were  before 
you,  and  tne  land  is  defiled: )  V.  28. 
That  the  land  fpue  not  you  out 


Mat, 


148 


7he  ConfeffioJi  of  Faith.  Chap.  XXIV. 


tery  after  marriage,  it  is  lawful  for  the  innocent  party  to  fue 
out  a  divorce  ^',  and,  after  tlie  divorce,  to  marry  another, 
as  if  the  offending  party  were  dead  ^. 

VI.  Although  the  corruption  of  man  be  fuch  as  is  apt  to 
ftudy  arguments,  unduly  to  put  afunder  thofe  whom  God  hath 
joined  together  in  marriage ;  yet  nothing  but  adultery, or  fuch 
wilful  defertion  as  can  no  way  be  remedied  by  the  church  or 
civil  magiftrate,  is  caufe  fufficient  of  diilblving  the  bond  of 
marriage  °  :  wherein  a  publick  and  orderly  courfe  of  pro- 
ceeding is  to  be  obferved,  and  the  pcrfons  concerned  in  it  not 
left  to  their  own  wills  and  difcretion  in  their  own  cafe  i'. 

CHAP. 


"  ^Tat.  V.  3r .  It  hath  been  fald, 
Wliofoever  fhall  put  a\v;iy  his 
v\  ife,  let  Mm  give 'hera  writing  of 
divorcement:  V'.  32..  But  I  fay 
unto  you,  That  vvhdfoever  fhall 
put  away  his  wife,  faving  for  the 
caufe  of  fornication,  caufeth  her 
to  commit  adultery  :  and  wliofo- 
ever fnall  marry  her  that  is  divor- 
ced committeth  adultery. 

"  ?/Iat.  xlx.  9.  And  I  fay  unto 
you,  Whofoever  (hall  put  away 
his  wife,  except  it  be  for  fornica- 
tion, and  fliail  marry  another, 
comufitteth  adultery  :  and  who- 
le) marrleth  her  which  is  put 
away  doth  commit  adultei'y. 
Rom.  vii.  2  .  For  the  woman  which 
hath  an  hufoand,  is  bound  by  the 
law  to  her  hufband  fo  long  as  he 
llvctli  :  butlfthehufbandbedead, 
fhe  is  loofed  from  the  law  of  her 
hufoLUid.  V.  3.  So  then,  if  while 
her  hnfband  llvetli  flie  be  married 
to  another  man,  fl.e  fliall  be  called 
an  iuUilterefs:  but  if  her  hufband 
be  dead,  (he  is  free  from  that  law ; 
fo  t^iat  (lie  is  no  iululterefs  though 
flie  be  married  to  another  man. 

VI.  "  Mat.  xix.  8.  He  faith  un- 
to them,  Mofirs,  becaufe  of  the 
hardncfs  of  your  hearts,  fulfered 
you  to  put  away  your  wives :  but 
ti-om  the  beginning  it  was  not  fo. 


V.  9.  \_Sce letter^.']  i  Cor.  vii.  15. 
But  if  the  unbelieving  depart,  let 
him  depart.  A  brother  or  a  fider 
is  not  under  bondage  in  fuch  cafes: 
but  God  hath  called  ns  to  peace. 
Mat.  xix.  6.  Wherefore  they  are 
no  more  twain,  but  one  flefh. 
What,  therefore,  God  hath  joined 
together,  let  not  man  put  afunder. 
''  Deut.  xxiv.  I .  When  a  man 
hath  taken  a  wife,  and  married 
her,  and  it  come  to  pafs  that  (lie 
find  no  favour  in  his  eyes,  becaufe 
he  hath  found  fome  uncleannefs 
in  her ;  then  let  him  write  her  a 
bill  of  divorcement,  and  give  it  in 
her  hand,  and  fend  her  out  of  his 
houfe.  V.  2.  And,  when  (he  is  de- 
parted out  of  his  houfe,  (lie  may 
go  and  be  another  man's  wife. 
V.  3.  And  if  the  latter  hufband 
hate  her,  and  write  her  a  bill  of 
divorcement,  and  giveth  it  in  her 
hand,  and  (endeth  her  out  of  his 
houfe;  or  if  the  latter  hulband 
die,  which  took  her  to  be  his  wife ; 
V.  4.  Her  former  hufband  which 
fent  her  aw  ay  may  not  take  htr 
again  to  be  his  wife,  after  that 
Ihe  is  deliled ;  for  th;.t  is  abtmii- 
nation  before  the  Lord  ■  and  thou 
{luilt  not  crufe  the  land  to  fin, 
wliich  the  Lord  thy  God  giveth 
thee  for  aii  inheritance. 

I.  ^'Eph. 


Chap.  XXV.  "The  Confeffion  of  Faith,  149 

CHAP.    XXV.     Of  the  Church. 

TH  E  catholick  or  iiniverfal  church,  which  is  invifible,  con- 
l]lb  of  the  whole  number  of  the  elecl,  that  have  been, 
are,  or  fliall  be  gathered  into  one,  under  Chrill  tile  head 
thereof  >  and  is  the  fpoufe,  the  body,  the  fulnefs  of  him  that 
lilletli  all  in  all  \ 

II.  The  yilible  church,  which  is  alfo  cath6lick  or  unrver- 
fal  under  the  gofpel,  (not  confined  to  one  nation,  as  be- 
fore under  the  law,)  confifts  of  all  thoie  throughout  the 
world  that  profefs  the  true  religion  ^,  together  with  their 

chil. 


I.  •  Eph,  i.  10.  Tliat  in  the  dif- 
peiifation  of  the  fulnefs  of  times 
he  might  gather  together  in  one 
ail  things  in  Chrilt,  both  which 
are  in  heaven,  and  which  are  on 
earth,  even  hi  him.  V.  22.  And 
hath  put  all  things  under  his  feet, 
and  gave  him  to  be  the  head  over 
all  things  to  the  church,  V.  23. 
Which  is  his  body,  the  fulnefs  of 
him  that  filleth  all  in  all.  Eph. 
V.  2  3.  For  the  hufband  is  the  head 
of  the  wife,  even  as  Clu-ilt  is  the 
head  of  the  church  :  and  he  is  the 
faviour  of  thebody.  V.  2 7. That 
he  might  prefent  it  to  himfelf  a 
glorious  chmvh,  not  liaving  fpot, 
or  wrinkle,  or  any  fuch  thing  ; 
but  that  it  flioiild  be  holy  and 
without  blemifli.  V.  32.  This  is 
a  great  myftery  :  but  I  fpeak  con- 
cerning Chrift  nnd  the  church. 
Col.  i.  18.  And  he  is  the  head  of 
the  body,  the  church ;  who  is  the  - 
beginning,  the  iirft-born  from  the 
dead  ;  that  in  all  things  he  might 
have  the  pre-eminence. 

II.  *>  I  Cor.  i.  2.  Unto  the 
church  of  God  which  is  at  Corinth, 
to  them  that  are  fanaitied  in 
Chrill  Jefus,  called  to  be  faints, 
with  all  that  in  every  place  call 
upon  the  name  of  Jefus  Chrift  our 
Lord,  both  theirs  and  ours,  i  Cor. 
xii.  12.  For  as  the  body  is  one, 


and  hath  many  members,  and  all 
the  members  of  that  one  body, 
being  many,  are  one  body ;  fo  alfo 
is  Chrift.    V.  13.  For  by  one  Spi- 
rit are  we  all  baptized  into  one 
body,    whether  we  be  Jews  or 
Gentiles,  whether  we  be  bond  or 
free  ;  and  have  been  all  made  to 
drink  into  one  Spirit.    Pfal.  ii.  8. 
Aik  of  me,  and  I  fliall  give  thee 
the  Heathen  for  thine  inheritance, 
and  the  uttermoll  parts  of  the 
earth  for  thy  polfeflion.  Rev.vii.9. 
After  this  I  beheld,   and,   lo,   a 
great  multitude,  which  no  man 
could  number,  of  all  nations,  and 
kindreds,  and  people,  and  tongues, 
flood  before  the  throne,  and  be- 
fore the  Lamb,  clothed  with  white 
robes,  and  palms  hi  their  hands. 
Rom.  XV.  9.  And  that  the  Gen- 
tiles might  glorify  God   for   his 
mercy ;  as  it  is  written,  For  this 
caufe  I  will  corifcfs  to  thee  among 
the  Gentiles,  and  fing  unto  thy 
name.    V.  lo.  And  again  he  faith, 
Rejoice,  ye  Gentiles,    with   his 
people.    V.  ji    And  again,  Praife 
the  Lord,  all  ye   Gentiles;    and 
laud  him,  all  ye  people.     V.  12. 
Aud   again   Lfaias  faith.   There 
fliall  be  a  root  of  Jefle,    and   he 
that  fliall  rife  to  reign  over  the 
Gentiles,  in  him  fliall  the  Gentiles 
truft. 


G3 


I  Cor. 


152  ne  'Confefion  of  Faith,  Cliap.  XXV. 

Neverthelefs,  there  fliall  be  always  a  cliurch  on  earth,  to  wor- 
fliip  God  accordino-  to  his  will  ^^. 

VI.  There  is  no  other  head  of  the  churdi  but  the  Lord 
Jefus  Chriit « :  nor  can  the  Pope  of  Rome  in  any  fenfe  be 
head  thereof,  but  is  that  antichrill,  that  man  of  fin,  and  fon 
of  perdition,  that  exalteth  himfelf  in  the  church  againll 
Chrift,  and  all  that  is  called  God  °.  CHAP 


Rom.  xi.  1 8.  Boaft  not  againfl  the 
branches  :  but  if  thou  boaft,  thou 
beareft  not  the  root,  but  the  root 
thee.  V.  19.  Thou  wilt  fay  then, 
The  branches  were  broken  off, 
that  I  might  be  graffed  in.  V.  20. 
Well ;  becaufe  of  unbelief  they 
were  broken  off,  and  thouftandefl 
by  faith.  Be  not  high-minded,  but 
fear.  V.  21.  For  if  God  fpared 
not  the  nntural  branches,  take 
heed  left  he  alfo  fpare  not  thee. 
V.  22.  Behold,  therefore,  the 
goodnefs  and  feverity  of  God  :  on 
them  which  fell,  feverity ;  but  to- 
wards thee,  goodnefs,  if  thou  con- 
tinue in  his  goodnefs  :  otherwife 
thou  alfo  fhalt  be  cut  oft'. 

'"  Mat.  xvi.  18.  And  I  fay  alfo 
unto  thee,  That  thoii  art  Peter ; 
and  upon  this  rock  I  will  build 
jny  church  ;  and  the  gates  of  hell 
fjiall  not  prevail  againft  it.  Pfal. 
!xxii.  17.  His  name  fliall  endure 
for  ever:  his  name  fliall  be  con- 
tinued as  long  as  the  fun:  and 
men  fliall  be  blefled  in  him  ;  all 
nations  fliall  call  him  bleffed.  Pfal. 
cii.  28.  The  children  of  thy  fer- 
vants  fliall  continue,  and  their 
feed  fliall  be  eftabliflied  before 
thee.  Mat.  xxviii.  19,  20.  [i'(?f^/;< 
letter^.'] 

VI.  "Col.  1.  18.  And  he  is  the 
head  of  the  body,  the  church ; 
who  is  the  beginning,  the  firlt- 
born  from  the  dead  5  that  in  all 


things  he  might  have  the  pre- 
eminence. J^2ph.  i.  22.  And  hath 
put  all  things  under  his  feet,  and 
gave  him  to  be  the  head  over  all 
things  to  the  church. 

°  Mat.  xxiii.  8.  But  be  not  ye 
called  Rabbi  :  for  one  is  your 
Mafler,  even  Chrift,  and  all  ye  are 
brethren.  V.  9.  And  call  no  man 
your  father  upon  earth  :  for  one 
is  your  Father,  which  is  in  hea- 
ven. V.  ro.  Neither  be  ye  called 
mafters :  for  one  is  your  Mafter, 
even  Chrift.  2  Theil".  ii.  3.  Let 
no  man  deceive  you  by  any  means: 
for  that  day  fliall  not  come  except 
there  come  a  falling  aw;iy  firir,' 
and  that  man  of  fin  be  revealed, 
the  fon  of  perdition:  V.  4.Who 
oppofeth  and  exalteth  himfelf  a- 
bove  all  that  is  called  God,  or 
that  is  worfliipped  ;  fo  that  he  as 
God  fitteth  in  the  temple  of  God, 
flievving  himfelf  that  he  is  God. 
V.  8.  And  then  (hall  that  wicked 
be  revealed,  whom  the  Lord  fliall 
confume  with  the  fpirit  of  his 
mouth,  and  fliall  deftroy  with  the 
brightnefs  of  his  coming  :  V.  9. 
Even  him,  whofe  coming  is  after 
the  working  of  Satan,  with  all 
power,  and  ligns,  and  lying  won- 
ders. Rev.  xiii.  6.  And  he  opened 
his  mouth  in  blafphemy  againft 
God,  to  blafpheme  his  name,  and 
his  tabernacle,  and  them  that 
dwell  in  heaven. 


I.  *  I  John 


Chap.  XXVI.  The  Confefion  of  Faith. 


133 


CHAP.  XXVI.    Of  Communion  of  Saints. 

ALL  faints  that  are  united  to  Jeftis  Clirifl  their  head  by 
his  Spirit,  and  by  faith,  have  fellowihip  ^vith  him  in  his 
graces,  fufferings,  death,  relurredion,  and  glory  ^.  And, 
being  united  to  one  another  in  love,  they  have  communion 
ill  each  other^s  gifts  and  graces  i^ ;  and  are  obhged  to  the  per- 
formance of  fuch  duties,  piiblick  and  private,  as  do  conduce 
to  their  mutual  good,  both  in  the  inward  and  outward  m.an  ^. 

II.  Saints, 

Knowing  this,  that  our  old  man  is 
crucified  with  hiin,  that  the  body 


I.  **  r  John  i.  3.  That  which  we 
have  feen  and  heard  declare  we 
unto  you,  that  ye  alfo  may  have 
fellowihip  with  us:  and  truly  our 
fellowihip  is  with  the  Father,  and 
with  his  Son  Jefus  Ghriil.  Eph. 
iii.  16.  That  he  would  grant  you, 
according  to  the  riches  of  his  glo- 
ry, to  be  ftrengthened  with  might 
by  his  Spirit  in  the  inner  man  j 
V.  17.  That  Ghrill  may  dwell  in 
your  hearts  by  faith  j  that  ye,  be- 
ing rooted  and  grounded  in  love, 
V_.  18.  May  be  able  to  comprehend 
with  all  faints,  what  is  the  breadth, 
and  length,  and  depth,  and  height; 
V.  19.  And  to  know  the  love  of 
Chrift,  which  pafTeth  knowledge, 
that  ye  might  be  filled  with  all 
the  fulnefs  of  God.  John  i.  16. 
And  of  his  fulnefs  have  all  we  re- 
ceived, and  grace  for  grace.  Eph. 
ii.  5.  Even  when  we  were  dead 
in  iins,  hath  quickened  us  toge- 
ther with  Ghriit,  (by  grace  ye  are 
faved,)^  V.  6.  And  hath  raifed  us 
up  together,  and  made  us  fit  toge- 
ther in  heavenly  places  in  Ghrift 
Jtfus.  Phil.  iii.  10.  That  I  may 
know  him,  and  the  power  of  his 


of  fm  might  be  deftroyed,  thai 
henceforth  wc  fhould  not  ferve 
fin.  2  Tim.  ii.  12.  If  we  fuffer, 
we  fivall  alfo  reign  with  him  :  if 
we  deny  him,  he  aUb  will  deny 
us. 

^  Eph.  iv.  15.  But  fpeaking  the 
truth  in  love,  may  grow  up  into 
him  in  all  things,  which  is  the 
head,  even  Ghriit.  V.  16.  From 
W'hom  the  whole  body  fitly  joined 
together,  and  compacted  by  that 
which  every  joint  fupplieth,  ac- 
cording to  the  effectual  working 
in  the  meafure  of  every  part,  ma- 
keth  increafe  of  the  body,  unto  the 
edifying  of  itfelf  in  love,  i  Gor. 
xii.  7._  But  the  raanifeflation  of 
the  Spirit  is  given  to  every  man 
to  profit  withal,  i  Gor.  iii.  21. 
Therefore  let  no  man  glory  in 
men:  for  ail  tilings  are  yours: 
V.  22.  Whetiier  Paul,  or  Apollos, 
or  Cephas,  or  the  world,  or  life, 
or  death,  or  things  prefent,  or 
things  to  come;  all  are  yours; 
y.  23.  And  ye  are  Ghrift's;  and 


Ghrift  is  God's.     Gol. 


n.  19.  And 


rdurreaion,  and  the  fellowfliip  of    not  holding  the  head,"from  which 


his  fuflerings,  being  made  con- 
formable unto  his  death.  Rom. 
vi.  5-  For  if  we  have  been  planted 
together  in  tiie  likencfs  of  his 
death,  we  fhall  be  aifo  m  the  like- 
nefs  of  \\h  rcrurreaion ;     V.  6, 


all  the  body  by  joints  and  bands 
having  nourilhment  miniifered, 
ajid  knit  together,  increufcdi  with 
the  increafe  of  God. 

"    r    Thefl".  v.    n.    Wherefore 

comtort  yourfelves  together,  and 

^  5  edify 


J  54  7he  Confejfion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XXVL 

II.  Saints,  by  profeflion,  are  bound  to  maintain  an  holy 
fellowfliip  and  communion  in  the  worfliip  of  God,  and  in  per- 
forming fuch  other  fpiritual  fervices  as  tend  to  their  mutual 
edification  d ;  as  alfo  in  relieving  each  other  in  outward  things, 
according  to  their  feveral  abilities  and  neceffities.  Which 
communion,  as  God  oiFereth  opportunity,  is  to  be  extended 
unto  all  thole  who  in  every  place  call  upon  the  name  of  the 

^"'^  J^'""^'-  III.  This 


edify  one  another,  even  as  alfo  ye 
do.  V.  14.  Now  we  exhort  you, 
brethren,  warn  them  that  are  un- 
ruly, comfort  the  feeble-minded, 
fupport  the  weak,  be  patient  to- 
ward all  men.  Rom.  i.  1 1 .  For  I 
long  to  fee  you,  that  I  may  impart 
unto  you  fome  fpiritual  gift,  to 
the  end  ye  may  be  eftablifhed  ; 
V.  12.  That  is,  that  I  may  be 
comforted  together  with  you,  by 
the  mutual  faith  both  of  you  and 
me.  V.  14.  I  am  debtor  both  to 
the  Greeks,  and  to  the  Barbarians  5 
both  to  the  wife,  and  to  the  un- 
wife.  I  John  iii.  16.  Hereby  per- 
ceive we  the  love  of  God,  becaufe 
he  laid  down  his  life  for  us :  and 
we  ought  to  lay  down  our  lives 
for  the  brethren.  V.  17.  But 
w'hofo  hath  this  world's  good,  and 
feeth  his  brother  have  need,  and 
fliutteth  up  his  bowels  of  compaf- 
lion  from  him,  how  dwelleth  the 
love  of  God  in  him?  V.  18.  My 
little  children,  let  us  not  love  in 
word,  neither  in  tongue,  but  in 
deed,  and  in  truth.  Gal.  vi.  10. 
As  we  liave,  therefore,  opportu- 
nity, let  us  do  good  unto  all  men,^ 
efpecially  unto  them  who  are  of 
the  houfehold  of  faith. 

II.  <'  Heb.  X.  2  4-  And  let  us 
confider  one  another  to  provoke 
unto  love,  and  to  good  works: 
V.  25.  Not  forfaking  the  aflem- 
bl 'Ug  of  ourfelves  together,  as  the 
manner  of  fome  is  3  but  exhorting 


one  another:  and  fo  much  the 
more,  as  ye  fee  the  day  approach- 
ing. Afts  ii.  42.  And  they  conti- 
nued ftedfaftly  in  the  apoftles'  doc- 
trine andfellowfhip,  and  in  break- 
ing of  bread,  and  in  prayer.  V.  46. 
And  they  continuing  daily  with 
one  accord  in  the  temple,  and 
breaking  of  bread  from  houfe  to 
houfe,  did  eat  their  meat  \%ith 
gladnefs  and  finglenefs  of  heart. 
Ifa.  ii.  3.  And  many  people  (hall 
go  and  fay,  Come  ye,  and  let  us 
go  up  to  the  mountain  of  the  Lord, 
to  the  houfe  of  the  God  of  Jacob, 
and  he  will  teach  us  of  his  ways, 
and  we  will  walk  in  his  paths; 
for  out  of  Zion  fnall  go  forth  the 
law,  and  the  word  of  the  Lord 
from  Jerufalem.  i  Cor.  xi.  20. 
When  ye  come  together,  there- 
fore, into  one  place,  this  is  not 
to  eat  the  Lord's  fupper. 

^  Acts  ii.  44.  And  all  that  be- 
lieved were  together,  and  had  all 
things  common ;  V.  45.  And  fold 
their  pofleffions  and  goods,  and 
parted  them  to  all  men,  as  every 
man  had  need,  i  John  iii.  17. 
\_See  m  letter  '.  2  Cor.  C hapten 
viii.  andiy..']  Afts  xi.  29-  Then 
thedifciples,  every  man  according 
to  his  ability,  determined  to  fend 
relief  unto  the  brethren  which 
dwelt  in  Judea:  V,  30.  Which 
alfo  they  chd,  and  fent  it  to  the 
elders  by  the  hands  of  Barnabas 
and  Saul. 

III.  fCoL 


Chap.  XXVII.        The  Confefion  of  Faith.  tss 

III.  This  communion  which  the  faints  have  with  Chrift, 
doth  not  make  them  in  any  wife  partakers  of  the  fubilance 
of  liis  Godliead,  or  to  be  equal  with  Chriil  in  any  refped  : 
either  of  which  to  affirm  is  impious  and  blafph.emous^  Nor 
doth  their  communion  one  with  another,  as  laints,  take  away 
or  infringe  the  title  or  property  which  each  man  hath  in  his 
goods  and  poifef lions  c 

CHAP.   XXVII.    Of  the  Sacraments. 

SAcraments  are  holy  figns  and  feals  of  the  covenant  of 
grace  »,  immediately  inilituted  Jby  God '',   to  reprefent 

Clirift 
righteoiifnefs,  and  hated  iniquityj 
therefore  God,  even  thy  God, 
hath  anointed  thee  with  the  oil 
of  gladnefs  above  thy  fellows. 

*  £xod.  XX.  15.  Thou  fhalt  not 
fteal.  Eph.  iv.  28.  Let  him  that 
flole,  ileal  no  more:  but  rather 
let  him  labour,  working  with  his 
hands  the  thing  which  is  good, 
that  he  mrty  have  to  give  to  him 
that  needeth.  Acts  v.  4.  Whiles 
it  remained,  was  it  not  thine  own? 
and  after  it  was  fold,  was  it  not 
in  thine  own  power?  why  haft 
thou  conceived  this  thing  in  thine 
heart?  thou  haft  not  lyed  unto 
men.  but  unto  God. 

I.  ^  Rom.  iv.  I  r .  And  he  recei- 
ved the  lign  of  circumciiion,  a  feal 
of  the  righteoiifnefs  of  the  faith 
which  he  had,  yet  being  uncircum- 
cifed:  that  he  might  be  the  fa- 
ther of  all  thejn  that  believe, 
though  they  be  not  circumcifed ; 
that  righteonfnefs  might  be  im- 
puted unto  them  alfo.  Gen.xvii.7. 
And  I  will  eftablifh  my  covenant 
between  me  and  thee,  and  thy 
feed  after  thee,  in  their  genera- 
tions, for  an  cverlafting  coven.mt; 
to  be  a  God  unto  thee,  and  to 
thy  CeeiX  after  thee.  V.  10.  [.Veff 
beloiv  in  letter  *'.] 

•»  Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Go  ye,  there- 


Ill,  f  Col.  i.  18.  And  he  is  the 
head  of  the  body,  the  church  ;  who 
isthebeginning,thefirft-bornfrom 
the  dead  J  that  in  all  things  he 
might  have  the  pre-eminence. 
V.  19.  For  it  pleafed  the  Father 
that  in  himfhould  all  fulnefs  dwell . 
I  Cor.  viii.  6.  But  to  us  there  is 
but  one  God,  the  Father,  of  whom 
are  all  things,  and  we  in  him; 
and  one  Lord  Jefus  Chrift,  by 
whom  are  all  things,  and  we  by 
him.  Ifa.  xlii.  8.  1  am  the  Lord, 
that  is  my  name ;  and  my  glory 
will  I  not  give  to  another,  neither 
mypraife  to  graven  images.  iTim. 
vi.  15.  Which  in  his  times  he  fliall 
(hew,  who  is  the  blelTed  and  only 
Potentate,  the  King  of  kings,  and 
Lord  of  lords;  V.  16.  Who  only 
hath  immortality,  dwelling  in  the 
light  which  no  man  can  approach 
unto ;  whom  no  man  hath  feen, 
nor  can  fee  :  to  whom  be  honour 
and  power  everlafting.  Amen. 
Pfal.  xlv.  7.  Thou  loveft  righte- 
oufnefs,  and  hateft  wickednefs  : 
therefore  God,  thy  God,  hath  a- 
nointed  thee  with  the  oil  of  glad- 
nefs above  thy  fellows.  With 
Heb.  i.  8.  But  unto  the  Son  he 
faith,  Thy  throne,  O  God,  is  for 
ever  and  ever ;  a  fceptre  of  righ- 
teoufnefs   is  the  fceptre   of  thy 


kingdom  :   V.  9.  Thou  haft  loved    fore,  and  teach  all  nations,  bap- 

G  6  tiziiig 


J5<5  7he  Confejjhn  of  Faith.        Chap.  XXVIf. 

Chrift  and  his  benefits,  and  to  confirm  our  intereft  in  him  ^ ; 

as  aiib  to  put  a  vilible  difference  between  thole  that  belong 

unto  the  cluirch  and  the  reft  of  the  world  J ;  and  folemnly  to 

engage  them  to  the  fervice  of  God  in  Chrift,  according  to  his 

ivord «. 

II.  There  is  in  every  facrament  a  fpiritual  relation,  or  fa- 

cramental  union,  between  the  fign  and  tlie  tlnng  fignified ; 

\vhence  it  comes  to  pafs,  that  the  nanies  and  effects  of  the  one 

are  attributed  to  the  others  ttt  -t-i 

III.  The 


tlzing  them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of 
rhe  Holy  Ghoft.  i  Cor.  xi.  23. 
For  I  have  received  of  the  Lord 
that  which  alfo  I  delivered  unto 
you,  That  the  Lord  Jefus,  the 
fame  night  in  which  he  was  be- 
trayed, took  bread. 

*-  I  Cor.  X.  16.  Thecupofblefs- 
jng  which  we  blefs,  is  it  not  the 
communion  of  the  blood  ofChrift? 
the  bread  which  we  break,  is  it 
not  the  communion  of  the  body 
of  Chrift  ?  I  Cor.  xi.  25.  After 
the  fame  manner  alfo  he  took  the 
cup,  when  he  had  fupped,  faying, 
This  cup  is  the  new  teftament  in 
juy  blood :  this  do  ye,  as  oft  as 
ye  drink  it,  in  remembrance  of 
jne.  V.  26.  For  as  often  as  ye  eat 
this  bread,  and  drink  this  cup,  ye 
do  fliew  the  Lord's  death  till  he 
come.  *  Gal.  iii.  27.  For  as  many 
of  you  as  have  been  baptized  into 
(]hriil  have  put  on  Chrift.  Gal. 
iii.  17.  And  this  I  fay,  That  the 
i  ovenant,  that  was  confirmed  be- 
fore of  God  in  Chrift,  the  law, 
which  was  four  hundred  and  thirty 
years  after,  cannot  difannul,  that 
it  (hould  make  thepromife  of  none 
eifea. 

^  Kom.  XV.  8.  Now  I  fay.  That 
Jefus  Chrift  was  a  minifter  of  the 
circumcifion  for  the  truth  of  God, 
to  confirm  the  promifes  made  un- 
to the  fathers.     Exod,  xii.  48. 


And  when  a  ftranger  Hiall  fojourn 
with  thee,  and  will  keep  the  pafs- 
over  to  the  Lord,  let  all  his  males 
be  circumcifed,  and  then  let  him 
come  near  and  keep  it ;  and  he 
fliall  be  as  one  that  is  born  in  the 
land  :  for  no  uncircumcifed  perfon 
fliall  eat  thereof.  Gen.  xxxiv.  1 4. 
And  they  faid  unto  them.  We  can- 
not do  this  thing,  to  give  our  fifter 
to  one  that  is  uncircumcifed;  for 
that  were  a  reproach  unto  us. 

"  Rom.  vi.  3.  Know  ye  not,  that 
fo  many  of  us  as  were  baptized 
into  Jefus  Chrift  were  baptized 
into  his  death?  V.  4.  Therefore 
we  are  buried  with  him  by  bap- 
tifm  into  death  :  that  like  as  Chrift 
wasraifed  upfrom  the  dead  by  the 
glory  of  the  Father,  even  fo  we 
alfo  Ihould  walk  in  newnefs  of  life. 
I  Cor.  X.  16.  \_See  in  letter  ^ S\ 
V.  21.  \e  cannot  drink  the  cup 
of  the  Lord,  and  the  cnp  of  devils; 
ye  cannot  be  partiikcrs  of  the 
Lord's  table,  and  of  the  table  of 
devils. 

n.  f  Gen.  xvii.  10.  This  is  my 
covenant,  which  ye  (hall  keep  be- 
tween me  and  you,  and  thy  feed 
after  thee;  Every  man-child  a- 
mong  you  fliall  be  circumcifed. 
Mat.  xKvi.  27.  And  he  took  the 
cup,  and  gave  thanks,  and  gave  it 
to  them,  faying,  Drink  ye  all  of 
it :  V.  28.  For  this  is  my  blood  of 
the  new  teftament,  which  is  fhcd 

for 


Chap.  XXVII.        The  Confefflon  of  FauL  157 

III.  The  grace  which  is  exhibited  in  or  by  tlie  facranients, 
rio'liliy  \\'iit(\f  is  not  conferred  by  any  power  in  them ;  neither 
doth  the  efficacy  of  a  facrament  depend  upon  the  piety  or  in- 
tention of  him  that  doth  adnnnifter  it ",  but  upon  the  work  of 
the  Spirit  h,  and  the  word  of  inllitution ;  which  contains,  toge- 
ther with  a  precept  authoriling  the  life  thereof,  a  promife  of 
benefit  to  worthy  receivers  ». 

IV.  There  be  only  two  facraments  -ordained  by  Clirift  our 
Lord  in  the  gofpel,  that  is  to  fay,  Baptifm,  and  the  Supper  of 
the  Lord ;  neither  of  whicli  may  be  difpenfed  by  any  but  by 
a  minifler  of  the  word,  lawfully  ordained  ^. 

V.  The  facraments  of  the  old  teftament,  in  regard  of  the 

fpiritual  things  thereby  fignified  and  exhibited,  were,  for  fub- 

llancc,  the  fame  with  thole  of  the  new  K  ^-r.  a  ^ 

'  CHAP. 


for  many,  for  the  remifllon  of  fins. 
Tit.  iii.  5.  Not  by  works  of  righ- 
teoufnefs  which  we  have  done, 
but  according  to  his  mercy  he  fa- 
ved  us,  by  the  wafliing  of  regene- 
ration, and  renewing  of  the  Holy 
Gholl. 

III.  8  Rom.ii.28.  For  he  is  not 
a  Jew,  which  is  one  outwardly  ; 
neither  is  that  circumcifion, whicli 
is  outward  in  the  flelh:  V.  29. 
But  he  is  a  Jew,  which  is  one  in- 
wardly; and  circumcifion  is  that 
of  the  heart,  in  the  fpirit,  and  not 
in  the  letter,  whofe  ])raife  is  not 
of  men,  but  of  God.  i  Pet.  iii.  21. 
The  like  figure  whereunto  even 
baptifm  doth  alfo  now  fave  us, 
(not  the  putting  away  of  the  filth 
of  the  flelh,  but  the  anfwer  of  a 
good  confcicnce  towards  God,) 
by  the  refurrection  of  JefusChrift. 
.  ^  Mat.  iii.  1 1 .  I  indeed  baptize 
you  with  water  unto  repentance ; 
but  he  that  cometh  after  me  is 
mightier  than  I,  whofe  Ihoes  I  am 
not  worthy  to  bear :  he  fhall  bap- 
tize you  with  the  Holy  Ghoit,  and 
with  fire.  1  Cor.  xii.  13.  For  by 
one  Spirit  are  we  all  baptized  in- 
to one  body,  whether  we  be  Jews 


or  Gentiles,  whether  we  be  bond 
or  free;  and  have  been  all  made 
to  drink  into  one  Spirit. 

'  Mat.  xxvi.  27,  28.  \_See in  let- 
ter ^,~\  Mat.  xxviii.  19.  \_See  in 
letter  ^.J  V.  20.  Teaching  them 
to  obferve  all  things  whatfoever  I 
have  commanded  you :  and,  lo,  I 
am  with  you  alway,  even  unto  the 
end  of  the  world.    Amen. 

IV.  ^  Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Go  ye, 
therefore,  and  teach  all  nation^;, 
baptizing  them  in  the  name  of 
the  Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and 
of  the  Holy  Gholl.  i  Cor.  xi.  20. 
When  ye  come  together,  there- 
fore, into  one  place,  this  is  not 
to  eat  the  Lord's  fupper.  V.  23. 
For  I  have  received  of  the  Lord 
that  which  alfo  I  delivered  unto 
you.  That  the  Lord  Jefus,  the 
fame  night  in  which  he  was  be- 
trayed, took  bread,  i  Cor.  iv.j. 
Let  a  man  fo  account  of  us  as  of 
the  minifters  of  Chrift,  and  llew- 
ardsof  the  myfteriesofGod.  Heb. 
v.  4.  And  no  man  taketh  this  ho- 
nour unto  himfelf,  but  he  that  is 
called  of  God,  as  was  Aaron. 

V.  1  I  Cor.  X.  I .  Moreover, 
brethren,  I  would  not  that  ye 

fliould 


I5S 


7 he  Confejfion  of  Fahb. 

CHAP,  xxviir. 


Chap.  XXVIIL 


O/Baptifm. 

BAptifin  is  a  facrament  of  the  new  teltament,  ordained  by 
Jefus  Chrift  %  not  only  for  the  folemn  admiirion  of  the 
party  baptized  into  the  vifibie  church  ^,  but  alio  to  be  unto  hini 
a  fign  and  feal  of  the  covenant  of  grace  %  of  his  ingrafting 
into  Chrift  ^^  of  regeneration  %  of  remiiTion  of  fins*',  and  of 
his  giving  up  unto  God  through  Jefus  Chrift  to  walk  in  new- 
nefs  of  life  s ;  which  facrament  is,  by  Chrift's  own  appointment, 
to  be  continued  in  his  church  until,  the  end  of  the  world  ^ 

11.  The 

of  God,  who  hath  raifed  him  from 
the  dead. 

^  Gal.  iii.  27.  For  as  many  of 
you  as  have  been  baptized  into 
Chrift  have  put  on  Chrift.  Rom. 
vi.  5.  For  if  we  have  been  planted 
together  in  the  likeuefs  of  his 
death,  we  ftiall  be  alfo  in  the  like- 
nefs  of  his  refurreftion. 

'  Tit.  iii.  5.  Not  by  works  of 
righteoufnefs  which  we  have  done, 
but  according  to  his  mercy  he  fa- 
ved  us,  by  the  wafliing  of  regene- 
ration, and  renewing  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft. 

^  Mark  i.  4.  John  did  baptize  in 
the  wildernefs,  and  preach  the 
baptifm  of  repentance  for  the  re- 
miflion  of  fnis. 

^  Rom.  vi.  3.  Know  ye  not,  that 
fo  many  of  us  as  were  baptized 
into  Jefus  Chrift  were  baptized 
into  his  death  ?  V.  4.  Therefore 
we  are  buried  with  him  by  bap- 
tifm into  death  :  tliat  like  as  Chrift 
was  raifed  up  from  the  dead  by 
the  glory  of  the  Father,  even  fo 
we  alfo  iliould  walk  in  newnefs  of 


fnould  be  ignorant,  how  that  all 
our  fathers  were  under  the  cloud, 
and  all  paffed  through  the  fea  ; 
V.  2.  And  were  all  baptized  unto 
Mofes  in  the  cloud,  and  in  the  fea ; 
V .  3.  And  did  all  eat  the  fame  fpi- 
ritual  meat ;  V.  4.  And  did  all 
drink  the  fame  fpiritual  drink  : 
(for  they  drank  of  that  fpiritual 
Rock  that  followed  them:  and 
that  Rock  was  Chrift.) 

I.  *Mat. xxviii.  19.  [^See letter^ 
of  the  foregoing  Chapter .  ] 
^  ''  iCor.xii.  13.  For  by  one  Spi- 
rit are  we  all  baptized  into  one 
body,  whether  we  be  Jews  or 
Gentiles,  whether  we  be  bond  or 
free ;  and  have  been  all  made  to 
drink  into  one  Spirit . 

'  Rom.  iv.  II.  And  he  received 
the  fign  of  circumcifion,  a  feal 
of  the  righteoufnefs  of  the  faith 
which  he  had,  yet  being  uncircum- 
cifed  ;  that  he  might  be  the  father 
of  all  them  that  believe,  though 
they  be  not  circumcifed  ;  that 
righteoufnefs  might  be  imputed 
untothemalfo.  With  Col.  ii.  1 1. 
In  whom  alfo  ye  are  circumcifed     life. 


with  the  circumcifion  made  with- 
out hands,  in  putting  off  the  body 
of  the  fins  of  the  fleih  by  the  cir- 
cumcifion of  Chrift :  V.  1 2 .  Bu- 
ried with  him  in  baptifm,  where- 
in alfo  ye  are  rifen  with  him, 
through  the  faith  of  the  operation 


*"  Mat.  xxviii.  19.  \_See  in  let- 
ter ^  foregoing  Chapter.']  V.  20. 
Teaching  them  to  obferve  all 
things  whatfoever  I  have  com- 
manded you:  and,  lo,  I  am  with 
you  alway,  even  unto  the  end  of 
th«  world.   Amen, 

II.  '  Mat. 


Giap.  XXVIII.       rhe  ConfiJfio7i  of  Faith.  159 

XL  The  outward  element  to  be  ufed  in  this  facraiiicnt  is 
water,  wherewith  the  party  is  to  be  baptized  in  tlie  name  of 
the  Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of  the  Holy  Ghoil,  by  a  mi- 
nifter  of  the  gofpel,  lawfully  called  thereunto '. 

III.  Dipping  of  the  perfon  into  ilie  water  is  not  neceHIiry; 
but  baptiiin  is  rightly  adininiftered  by  pouring  or  fprinkhng 
-water  upon  the  perfon  ^, 

IV.  Not  only  thofe  that  do  a<r:ually  profcfs  faith  in  and 
obedience  unto  Chrill ',  but  alfo  the  infants  of  one  or  both 
believing  parents  are  to  be  baptiz-ed™. 


II.  '  Mat.  iii.  II.  I  indeed  bap- 
tize you  with  water  unto  repent- 
ance ;  but  he  that  cometh  after  me 
is  mightier  than  I,  w-hofe  llioes  I 
am  not  worthy  to  bear :  he  fliall 
baptize  you  with  the  Holy  Ghoft, 
and  with  fire.  John  i.  35.  And  I 
knew  him  not:  but  he  that  fent 
me  to  baptize  with  water,  the 
fame  faid  unto  me,  Upon  whom 
thou  {halt  fee  the  Spirit  defcend- 
ing  and  remaining  on  him,  the 
fame  is  he  which  baptizeth  with 
the  Holy  Ghoft.  Mat.  xxviii.  1 9 . 
{^See  in  letter  aforegoing  Chapter.'] 
V.  20.  [_See  in  letter  ^.~\ 

III.  ^  Heb.  ix.  10,  19,  20,  21, 
22.  A£lsii.4i.  Then  they  that 
gladly  received  his  word  were 
baptized :  and  the  fame  day  there 
were  added  unto  them  about 
three  thoufand fouls.  Aclsxvi.  33. 
And  he  took  them  the  fame  hour 
of  the  night,  and  waihcd  their 
ftripesj  and  was  baptized,  he  and 
all  his,  itraightway.  Mark  vii.  4. 
And  when  they  come  from  the 
market,  except  they  wafli  they  eat 
not.  And  many  other  things  there 
be,  which  they  have  received  to 
hold,  as  the  wafhing  of  cups  and 
pots,  brazen  vefTels,  and  of  tables. 

IV.  1  Markxvi.  15.  And  he  faid 
unto  them,  Go  ye  into  all  the 
world,  and  preach  the  gofpel  to 


V.  Although 


every  creature.  V.  16.  He  that 
believeth  and  is  baptized  fliall  be 
faved  ;  but  he  that  believeth  not 
fliall  be  damned.  Aas  viii.  37. 
And  Philip  faid,  If  thou  believed 
with  all  thine  heart  thou  mayeft. 
And  he  anfwered,  and  faid,  I  be- 
lieve that  Jefus  Chrift  is  the  Son 
of  God.  V.  38.  And  he  command- 
ed the  chariot  to  ftand  ftill :  and 
they  went  down  both  into  the  wa- 
ter, both  Philip  and  the  eunuch; 
and  he  baptized  him. 

""  Gen.  xvii.  7.  And  I  will  efta- 
blifli  my  covenant  between  me 
and  thee,  and  thy  feed  after  thee, 
in  their  generations,  for  an  ever- 
lafling  covenant,  to  be  a  God  un- 
to thee,  and  to  thy  feed  after  thee. 
V.  9.  And  God  faid  unto  Abra- 
ham, Thou  ftialt  keep  my  cove- 
nant therefore,  thou,  and  thy 
feed  after  thee,  in  their  genera- 
tions. With  Gal.  iii.  9.  So  then, 
they  which  be  of  faith  are  blefled 
with  faithful  Abraham.  V.  14. 
That  the  blefling  of  Abraham 
might  come  on  the  Gentiles  thro' 
Jefus  Chrift ;  that  we  might  re- 
ceive the  promife  of  the  Spirit 
through  faith.  And  €ol.  ii.  11. 
In  whom  alfo  ye  are  circumcifed 
with  the  circumcifion  made  with- 
out hands,  in  putting  off  the  body 
of  the  fms  of  the  flelh  by  the  cir- 
cumcifion 


i6o  i:be  Confijfion  of  Faith,       Qiap.  XXVIII. 

V.  Alihoiigh  it  be  a  gi'cat  fin  to  contemn  or  neglefl  this 
ordinance  '■,  yet  gi-ace  and  falvation  are  not  fo  inieparably 
annexed  unto  it,  as  that  no  perlbn  can  be  regenerated  or 
faved  without  it  %  or  that  all  that  are  baptized  are  undoubt* 
cdly  regenerated  k  ^,j^  ^^^ 


cumcifion  of  Cbrift  :  V.  12.  Bu- 
ried with  him  in  baptifni,  where- 
in alfo  ye  are  rifen  with  him 
through  the  faith  of  the  operation 
of  God,  who  hath  raifed  him  from 
the  dead.  And  Afts  ii.  38.  Then 
Peter  faid  unto  them,  Repent, 
and  be  baptized  every  one  of  you 
in  the  name  of  Jefus  Chrilt,  for 
the  remillion  of  fins,  and  ye  (hall 
receive  the  gift  of  theHolyGhoil. 
V.  39.  For  the  promife  is  unto 
you,  and  to  your  children,  and  to 
all  that  are  afar  off,  even  as  many 
as  the  Lord  our  God  ihall  call.  And 
Rom.  iv.  1 1 .  And  he  received  the 
lign  of  circumcilion,  a  feal  of  the 
righteoufnefsof  the  faith  which  he 
had,yet  being uncircumcifed;  that 
he  might  be  the  father  of  all  them 
thatbelieve,thoughtheybenotcir- 
cumcifed;  that  righteouOiefs  might 
be  imputed  unto  them  alfo :  V.  1 2 . 
And  the  father  of  circumcilion  to 
them  who  are  not  of  the  circum- 
cifion  only,  but  alfo  walk  in  the 
fteps  of  that  faith  of  our  father 
Abraham,  which  he  had,  being  yet 
imcircumcifed.  i  Cor.  vii.  14. 
For  the  unbelieving  hufband  is 
fanftified  by  the  wife,  and  the  un- 
believing wife  is  fanftified  by  the 
hufband  ;  elfe  were  your  children 
unclean,  but  now  are  they  holy. 
Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Go  ye,  therefore, 
and  teach  all  nations,  baptizing 
them  in  the  name  of  the  Father, 
and  of  the  Son,  and  of  thei-Joly 
Ghoft.  Mark  x.  13.  And  they 
brought  young  children  to  him, 
that  he  fliould  touch  them  ;  and 
his  difciples  rebuked  thofc  that 


brought  them.  V.  14.  But  when, 
Jefus  faw  it  he  was  much  dtf- 
pleafed,  and  faid  unto  them,  Suf- 
fer the  little  children  to  come  un- 
to me,  and  forbid  them  not :  for 
of  fuch  is  the  kingdom  of  God. 
V.  15.  Verily  I  fay  unto  you, 
Whofoever  fhall  not  receive  the 
kingdom  of  God  as  a  little  child, 
he  ihall  not  enter  therein.  V.  16. 
And  he  took  them  up  in  his  arms, 
put  his  hands  upon  them,  and. 
bleifedthem.  Luke  xviii.  15.  And 
they  brought  unto  him  alfo  in- 
fants, that  he  would  touch  them  : 
but  when  his  difciples  faw  it  they 
rebuked  them. 

V.  "  Luke  vii.  '30.  But  the  Pha- 
rifees  and  lawyers  rejefted  the 
counfel  of  God  againfl:  them.fclves, 
being  not  baptized  of  him.  With 
Exod.  iv.  24.  And  it  came  to  pafs 
by  the  way  in  the  inn,  that  the 
Lord  met  him,  and  fought  to  kill 
him.  V.  25.  Then  Zipporah  took 
a  fharp  ftone,  and  cut  otf  the  fore- 
fldn  of  her  fon,  and  caft  it  at  his 
feet,  and  faid.  Surely  a  bloody 
hulband  art  thou  to  me.  V.  26.. 
So  he  let  him  go  :  then  flie  faid, 
A  bloody  hufband  thou  art,  be- 
caufe  of  the  circumcifion. 

"  Rom.  iv.  II.  IS  en  in  letter  "*.] 
Aasx.  2,4,  22,  31,  45.  47- 

I'Afts  viii.  13.  Then  Simon him- 
felf  believed  alfo  :  and,  when  he 
was  baptized,  he  continued  with 
Philip,  and  wondered,  beholding 
the  miracles  and  figns  which  were 
done.  V.  23.  Fori  perceive  that 
thou  art  in  the  gall  of  bitternefs, 
luid  in  the  bond  of  iniquity. 

\  I.  •>  John 


Chap.  XXLX.        The  ConfeJJlon  of  Faith.  a6i 

VI.  Tiie  efficacy  of  baptilni  is  not  tied  to  that  moment  of 
time  wherein  it  is  adminiftered  i ;  yet  notwithllanding,  by  the 

'  right  life  of  this  ordinance,  the  grace  promifed  is  not  only 
offered,  but  really  exhibited  and  conferred  by  the  Holy  Gholb, 
to  fuch  (whether  of  age  or  infants)  as  that  grace  belongeth 
unto,  according  to  the  couniel  of  God's  own  will,  in  his  ap- 

.  pointed  time  ^ 

VII.  The  facrament  of  baptifm  is  but  onee  to  be  admini- 
ftered to  any  perfon  '. 


CHAP.   XXIX.     Of  the  Lord's  Supper, 

OU  R  Lord  Jefiis,  in  the  night  wherein  he  was  betrayed, 
inflituted  the  iacram.ent  of  his  body  and  blood,  called 
the  Lord's  Supper,  to  be  obferved  in  his  church  unto  the  end 
of  the  world,  for  the  perpetual  remembrance  of  the  fdcrifice 
of  himfelf  in  his  death,  the  fealing  all  benefits  thereof  unto 
true  believers,  their  fpiritual  nourilhment  and  growth  in  him, 
their  further  engagement  in  and  to  all  duties  which  they  owe 
unto  him,  and  to  be  a  bond  and  pledge  of  their  communion 
with  him ;  and  with  each  other,  as  members  of  his  mylHcal 


body 

VI.  ''John  iii.  5.  Jefus  anfwer- 
cd,  Verily,  verily,  I  fay  unto  thee, 
Except  a  man  be  born  of  water, 
and  of  the  Spirit,  he  cannot  enter 
into  the  i<ingdom  of  God.  V.  8. 
The  wind  bioweth  where  it  lift- 
eth,  and  thou  heareft  the  found 
thereof,  butcanft  not  tell  whence 
it  Cometh,  and  whither  it  goeth: 
fo  is  every  one  that  is  born  of  the 
Spirit. 

'  Gal.  iii.  27.  For  as  many  of 
you  as  have  been  baptized  into 
Chrift,  have  put  on  Chrift.  Tit. 
iii.  5.  Not  by  works  of  righteouf- 
nefs  which  we  have  done,  but 
according  to  his  mercy  he  faved 
us,by  tlie  wafliing  of  regeneration, 
and  renewing  or  the  Holy  Ghoft. 
Kph.  v.  25.  Hufbands,  love  your 
wives,  even  as  Ghriil  ulfo  Igved 


II.  In 

the  chuixh,  and  gave  himfelf  for 
it :  V.  26.  That  he  might  fane- 
tify  and  cleanfe  it  with  the  waih- 
ing  of  water  by  the  word.  Acts 
ii.  38.  Then  Peter  faid  unto  them, 
Repent,  and  be  baptized  everyone 
of  you  in  the  name  of  Jefus  ChrilV, 
for  the  remiffion  of  fms,  and  ye 
(hall  receive  the  gift  of  the  Holy 
Ghort.  V.  41.  Then  they  that 
gladly  received  his  word  were 
baptized  :  and  the  fame  day  there 
were  added  unto  them  about  three 
thoufand  fouls. 
\U,'T\l.\n.s -[.See  hi  letter'.'] 
I.  *  I  Cor.  xi.  23.  For  I  have 
received  of  the  Lord  that  which 
alfoIi:ielivereduntoyou,Thatti]e 
LordJerus,the  fame  night  in  which 
he  was  betrayed,  took  bread  : 
V;  24-  Aad,  when  he  had  given 
thaiilu, 


l62 


I'he  Confeffion  of  Faith, 


Chap.  XXIX. 

II.  In  this  facrament  Chrift  is  not  offered  up  to  his  Father, 
nor  any  real  facrifice  made  at  all  for  ren:iffion  of  fins  of  the 
quick  or  dead  ^ ;  but  only  a  commemoration  of  that  one 
oifering  up  of  himfelf,  by  liimfelf,  upon  the  crofs,  once  for 
all,  and  a  fpiritual  oblation  of  all  poflible  praife  unto  God 
for  the  fame  ^ ;  fo  that  the  Popifli  facrifice  of  the  mafs,  as  they 
call  it,  is  moft  abominably  injurious  to  ChrifVs  one  only  facri- 
fice, the  alone  propitiation  for  all  the  fins  of  the  eled ««. 

m.  The 


thanks,  he  brake  it,  and  faid, 
Take,  eat ;  this  is  my  body,  which 
is  broken  for  you  :  this  do  in  re- 
membrance of  me.  V.  25.  After 
the  fame  manner  alfo  he  took  the 
cup,  when  he  had  fupped,  faying, 
This  cup  is  the  new  teflament  in 
my  blood :  this  do  ye,  as  oft  as  ye 
drink  it,  in  remembrance  of  me. 
V.  26.  For  as  often  as  ye  eat  this 
bread,  and  drink  this  cup,  ye  do 
ihew  the  Lord's  death  till  he  come. 
1  Cor.  X.  16.  The  cup  of  blefRng 
which  we  blefs,  is  it  not  the  com- 
munion of  the  blood  of  Ghrifl? 
the  bread  which  we  break,  is  it 
not  the  communion*of  the  body 
of  Chrift?  V.  17.  For  we  being 
many,  are  one  bread  and  one 
body :  for  we  are  all  partakers  of 
that  one  bread.  V.  2r.  Ye  can- 
not drink  the  cup  of  the  Lord, 
and  the  cup  of  devils;  ye  cannot 
be  partakers  of  the  Lord's  table, 
and  of  the  table  of  devils,  i  Cor. 
xii.  13.  For  by  one  Spirit  are  we 
all  baptized  into  one  body,  whe- 
ther we  be  Jews  or  Gentiles,  whe- 
ther we  be  bond  or  free;  and 
have  been  all  made  to  drink  into 
one  Spirit. 

IL  •»  Heb.  ix.  22.  And  almoft 
all  things  are  by  the  law  purged 
with  blood;  and  without  fhedding 
of  blood  is  no  remiffion.  V.  25. 
Nor  yet  that  he  (hould  oiFer  him- 
felf often,  as  the  high  prieft  en- 
tereth  into  the  holy  place  every 


year  with blood.of  others;  V.  26. 
(For  then  muft  he  often  have  fuf- 
fered  fmce  the  foundation  of  the 
world;)  but  now  once  in  the  end 
of  the  world 'hath  he  appeared  to 
put  away  fin  by  the  facrifice  of 
himfelf.  V.  28.  So  Chrift  was 
once  offered  to  bear  the  fins  of 
many ;  and  unto  thofe  that  look 
for  him  fhall  he  appear  the  fe- 
cond  time,  without  fin,  unto  fal- 
vation. 

•^  I  Cor.  xi.  24,  2j:,  26.  [See 
them  in  letter  '^ .  3  Mat.  xxvi .  2 6 . 
And,  as  they  were  eating,  Jefus 
took  bread,  and  bleffed  it,  and 
brake  it,  and  gave  it  to  the  dif- 
ciples,  and  faid.  Take,  eat;  this 
is  my  body.  V.  27.  And  he  took 
the  cup,  and  gave  thanks,  and 
gave  it  to  them,  faying,  Drink  ye 
all  of  it. 

**  Heb.  vii.  23.  And  they  truly 
were  many  priefts,  becaufe  they 
were  not  futfered  to  continue  by 
reafon  of  death  :  V.  24.  But  this 
man,  becaufe  he  continueth  ever, 
hath  an  unchangeable  priefthood. 
V.  27.  Who  needeth  not  daily,  as 
thofe  high  priefts,  to  oifer  up  fa- 
crifice, firft  for  his  own  fms,  and 
then  for  the  people's :  for  this  he 
did  once,  when  he  oifered  up  him- 
felf. Heb.  X.  1 1 .  And  every  prieft 
ftandeth  daily  miniftering  and  of- 
fering oftentimes  the  fame  facri- 
fices,  which  can  never  take  away 
fins  ;    V.  12.  But  this  man^  after 

he 


Chap.  XXIX.  rhe  Confeffion  of  Faith.  163 

III.  The  Lord  Jefus  hath,  in  this  ordinance,  appointed  his 
rniniltcrs  to  declare  his  word  of  inllilution  to  the  people,  to 
pray,  and  blefs  the  elements  of  bread  and  wine,  and  thereby 
to  fet  them  apart  from  a  common  to  an  holy  ufe ;  and  to  take 
and  break  the  bread,  to  take  tlie  cup,  and  (they  commiinica- 
tini^  alio  themfelves)  to  crive  both  to  the  communicants  «= ;  but 
to  none  who  are  not  then  prefent  in  the  congregation  f. 

IV.  Private  maffes,  or  receiving  this  facrament  by  a  prieft, 
or  any  other,  alone  e;  as  iikewile  the  denial  of  the  cup  to  the 
people  ^  J  worfhipping  the  elements,  the  lifting  them  up,  or 
caiTying  them  about  for  adoration,  and  the  referving  them 
for  any  pretended  religious  ufe;  are  all  contrary  to  the  nature 
of  this  facrament,  and  to  the  inflitution  of  Chrifl ' 

V.The 


he  had  offered  one  facrifice  for 
fms,  for  ever  fat  down  on  the  right 
hand  of  God.  V.  14.  For  by  one 
offering  he  hath  perfected  for  ever 
them  that  are  fanclified.  V.  18. 
Now,  where  remiffion  of  thefe 
is,  there  is  no  more  offering  for 
fin. 

III.  *  Mat.  xxvi.  26,  27.  ]iSee 
in  letter  ^.^  V.  28.  For  this  is 
my  blood  of  the  new  teftament, 
■which  is  fhed  for  many,  for  the 
remiffion  of  lins.  And  Mark 
xiv.  22.  And,  as  they  did  eat,  Je- 
fus took  bread,  and  bleffed,  and 
brake  it,  and  gave  to  them,  and 
faid,  Take,  eat ;  this  is  my  body. 
V.  23.  And  he  took  the  cup  ;  and, 
when  he  had  given  thanks,  he 
gave  it  to  them:  and  they  all 
drank  of  it.  V.  24.  And  he  faid 
unto  them.  This  is  my  blood  of 
the  new  teflament,  which  is  fhed 
for  many.  And  Luke  xxii.  19. 
And  he  took  bread,  and  gave 
thanks,  and  brake  it,  and  gave 
unto  them,  faying.  This  is  my 
body,  which  is  given  for  you  : 
this  do  in  remembrance  of  me. 
V.  20.  Likewife  alfo  the  cup  after 
fupper,  faying.  This  cup  is  the 
new  tcilament  in  my  blood,  which 


is  fhed  for  yon.     With  i  Cor. 
xi.  23,— 26.  l^See  all  in  letter  *.] 

f  Acts  XX.  7 .  And  upon  the  firft 
day  of  the  week,  when  the  dif- 
ciples  came  together  to  break 
bread,  Paul  preached  unto  them, 
ready  to  depart  on  the  morrow, 
and  continued  his  fpeech  until 
midnight,  i  Cor.  xi.  20.  When 
ye  come  together,  therefore,  into 
one  place,  this  is  not  to  eat  the 
Lord's  fupper. 

IV.  8  I  Cor.  X.  6.  Now  thefe 
things  were  our  examples,  to  the 
intent  we  flioulri  not  luft  after 
evil  things,  as  they  alfo  lufted. 

*  Mark  xiv.  23.  \_See  in  letter 
I  Cor.  xi.  25,  26.  [Seein  letter 
V.  2 7. Wherefore, whofoeverfhall 
eat  this  bread  and  drink  this  cup 
of  the  Lord  unworthily,  fhall  be 
guilty  of  the  body  and  blood  of 
the  Lord.  V.  28.  But  let  a  man 
examine  himfelf,  and  fo  let  him  eat 
of  that  bread,  and  drink  of  that 
cup.  V.29.  Forhethateatethand 
drinketh  unworthily,  eateth  and 
driuketh  damnation  to  himfelf, 
not  difcerning  the  Lord's  body. 

'  Mat.  XV.  9.  But  in  vain  they 
do  worfhip  me,  teaching  for  doc- 
trines the  commandments  of  men. 
V.  ^  Mat. 


-:] 


1 64 


The  Confeffion  of  Faith.         Chap.  XXIX« 


V.  The  outward  elements  in  this  facrament,  duly  fet  apart 
to  the  iiies  ordained  by  Chrift,  have  fuch  relation  to  him  cru- 
cified, as  that  truly,  yet  facramentally  only,  they  are  Ibme- 
times  called  by  the  name  of  the  things  they  I'eprefent,  to  wit, 
the  body  and  blood  of  Chrift  ^ ;  albeit,  in  fubflance  and  na- 
ture, they  flill  remain  truly  and  only  bread  and  wine,,  as  they 
were  before  K 

VI.  That  dodrine  which  maintains  a  change  of  the  fub- 
flance of  bread  and  wine  into  the  fubllance  of  Chrill's  body> 
and  blood  (commonly  called  Tranfubftantiation)  by  confe- 
cration  of  a  priefl,  or  by  any  other  way,  is  repugnant  not  ta 
fcripture  alone,  but  even  to  common  fenfe  and  I'eafon ;  over- 
thrcweth  the  nature  of  the  facrament ;  and  hath  been  and. 
is  the  caufe  of  manifold  fuperllitions,  yea,  of  grofs  idola- 
tries "^ 

VII.  Worthy  receivers,  outw^ardly  partaking  of  the  vifible 
elements  in  this  facrament  ",  do  then  alfo  inwardly  by  faitli^ 

really 


V.  ^  Mat.  xxvi.  26.  And,  as  they 
were  eatjng,jerus  took  bread,  and 
blefied  it,  and  brake  it,  and  gave 
it  to  the  difciples,  and  faid, Take, 
eat ;  this  is  my  body.  V.  27.  And 
he  took  the  cup,  and  gave  thanks, 
and  gave  it  to  them,  laying, Drink 
ye  ail  of  it:  V.  28.  For  this  is 
my  blood  of  the  new  tcllament, 
\vhicli  is  fhed  for  many,  for  the 
remiflion  of  fms. 

^  I  Cor.  XI.  26.  For  as  often  as 
ye  eat  this  bread,  and  drink  this 
cup,  ye  do  fhew  the  Lord's  death 
till  he  come.  V.  27-  Wherefore, 
whofoever  Ihall  eat  this  bread  and 
drink  this  cup  of  the  Lord  un- 
worthily, Ihall  be  guilty  of  the 
body  and  blood  of  the  Lord. 
V.  28.  But  let  a  man  examine 
himfelf,  and  ^o.  let  him  eat  of  that 
bread,  and  drink  of  that  cup. 
Mat.  xxvi.  29.  But  I  fayunto  you, 
I  will  not  drink  henceforth  of 
this  fruit  of  the  vine,  until  that 
day  when  I  drink  it  new  with  you 
m  my  Father's  kingdom. 


VI.  ™  Aas  iii.  21.  Whom  the 
heaven  muil  receive,  until  the 
times  of  rellitution  of  all  things,, 
which  God  liath  fpoken  by  the 
mouth  of  all  his  holy  prophets, 
fince  the  world  began.  With. 
I  Cor.  xl.  24.  And,  when  he  had 
given  thanks,  he  brake  it,  and 
(aid.  Take,  eat ;  this  is  my  body, 
which. is  broken  for  you  :  this  do 
in  remembrance  of  me.  V.  25. 
After  the  fame  manner  alfo  he 
took  the  cup,  when  he  had  fup- 
ped,  faying.  This  cup  is  the  new 
teftament  in  my  blood  :  this  do  ye, 
as  oft  as  ye  drink  it,  in  remem- 
brance of  me.  V.  26.  [^See  in  let- 
ter  1.]  Luke  xxiv.  6.  He  is  not 
here,  but  is  rifen  :  remember  how 
he  fpake  unto  you  when  lie  was 
yet  in  Galilee.  V.  39.  Behold  my 
hands  and  my  feet,  that  it  is  I  my- 
felf :  handle  me,  and  fee ;  for  a  fpi- 
rit  hath  not  flcfli  and  bones,  as  ye 
fee  me  have. 

VIL  »  I  Cor.  xi.  28.  ISeem 
ktur  '.1 

*  1  Cor. 


Chap.  XXrX.  the  Confejfion  of  Faith.  1 65 

really  and  indeed,  yet  not  carnally  and  corporally,  but  fpiritu- 
ally,  receive  and  feed  upon  Chrift  crucified,  and  all  benefits  of 
his  death ;  the  body  and  blood  of  Chrill  being  then  not  cor- 
porally or  carnally  in,  witli,  or  under  the  bread  and  wine  ;  yet 
as  really,  but  fpiritually,  prcfent  to  the  faith  of  believers  in 
that  ordinance,  as  the  elements  themfelves  are  to  their  out- 
ward fenfes ». 

VI 11.  Although  ignorant  and  wicked  men  receive  die  out- 
ward elements  in  this  facrament,  yet  they  receive  not  the  thing 
fignineu  thereby;  but  by  their  unworthy  coming  thereunto 
are  guilty  of  the  body  and  blood  of  the  Lord,  to  theii*  own 
damnatioa,  Wherefore  all  ignorant  and  ungodly  perfons,  as 
they  are  unfit  to  enjoy  communion  with  him,  fo  are  they  un- 
worthy of  the  Lord's  table,  and  cannot,  v/iihout  gi*eat  fiii 
again/l  Chrill,  while  they  remain  fuel],  partake  of  thefe  holy 
myileries  p,  or  be  admitted  thereunto  "i. 

CHAP. 


"  I  Cor.  X.  7  6.  The  cup  of  blelTing 
which  we  blefs,  is  it  not  the  com- 
munion of  the  blood  of  Chrift:  the 
bread  which  we  break,  isitnotthe 
communion  of  the  body  of  Chrid:  ? 

VIII.  P  I  Cor.  xi.  27,  28.  ISee 
in  letter  '.J  V.  29.  For  he  that 
eateth  and  drinketh  unworthily, 
eateth  and  drinketh  damnation 
to  himfelf,  not  difcerning  the 
Lord's  body.  2  Cor.  vi.  14.  Be 
ye  not  unequally  yoked  together 
with  unoelievers:  for  what  fel- 
lowfliip  hath  righreoufnef->  with 
unrighteoufncfs?  and  what  com- 
munion hath  light  with  darknefs? 
V.  15.  And  what  concord  hath 
Chnll  with  Belial?  or  what  part 
hath  he  that  believer t  with  an 
infidel?  V.  t6.  And  wh.  i  agree- 
ment hath  the  t'^'mpleof  Godwith 
idols-*  for  ye  art  the  ten;pleof  the 
living  God:  as  God  i;'  ^a;d,  I 
will  dwell  in  them,  and  w.lk  in 
them :  and  I  will  be  their  God, 
and  they  (hall  be  my  neople. 

"^  I  C'.>r  V.  6.  Youi  glorying  is 
not  good.     Know  ye  not  that  a 


little  leaven  leaveneth  the  whole 
lump?  V.  7.  Purge  out,  there- 
fore, the  eld  leaven,  that  ye  may 
be  a  new  lump,  as  ye  are  unlea- 
vened. For  even  Chrift  our  pafs- 
over  is  facrificed  for  us.  V.  13. 
But  them  that  are  without  God 
judgeth.  Therefore  put  away 
from  among  yourfelves  that  wick- 
ed perfon  2  The  If.  iii.  6.  Now 
we  command  you,  brethren,  ia 
the  name  of  our  Lord  Jefus  Chrill, 
that  ye  withdraw  yourfelves  from 
every  brother  that  walketh  dif- 
orderiy,  and  not  after  the  tra° 
dition  which  he  received  of  us. 
V.  14.  And  if  any  man  obey  not 
our  word  by  thisepiftle,  note  that 
man,  and  have  no  company  with 
him,  that  he  m  ly  be  allvamed. 
V.  15.  Yet  count  h-m  not  as  an 
enemy,  but  admonifli  him  as  a 
brother.  Mat.  vii.  6.  Give  not 
that  which  is  holy  unto  the  dogs, 
neit!  cr  >.,i'^  ye  your  j^carls  before 
fw.  -  leil  they  trample  them  un- 
der tiicir  feet,  jind  turn  sgain  and 
rend  you. 

L  Mfa. 


i66  lb:  Confeffion  of  Faith.  Chap.  XXX- 

CHAP.  XXX.    Of  Church  Cenfitrcs,  \ 

^T^  H  E  Lord  Jefus,  as  king  and  head  of  his  church,  hath 
i     therein  appointed  a  government  in  the  hand  of  church- 
officers,  diftind  from  the  civil  magidrale  ^. 

II.  To  thefe  officers  the  keys  of  the  kingdom  of  hea-i 
ven  are  committed,  by  virtue  whereof  they  have  power' 
refpedlively  to  retain  and  remit  fins,  to  fliut  that  kingdom 
againft  the  impenitent,  both  by  the  word  and  ccnfures;  and 
to  open  it  unto  penitent  finners,  by  the  miniflry  of  the 
gofpel,  and  by  abfolution  from  cenfLU*es,  as  occafion  fliall 
require  ^ 


I.  *  Ifa.  ix.  6.  For  unto  us  a 
child  is  born,  unto  us  a  fon  is 
given,  and  the  government  fliall 
be  upon  his  flioulder  :  and  his 
name  ftiall  be  called,  Wonderful, 
Counfellor,  The  mighty  God,  The 
everlafting  Father,  The  Prince  of 
peace.  V.  7.  Of  the  increafe  of 
his  government  and  peace  there 
fhall  be  no  end  ;  upon  the  throne 
of  David,  and  upon  his  kingdom, 
to  order  it,  and  to  eftablifliit  with 
judgment  and  with  juftice,  from 
henceforth  even  for  ever :  the  zeal 
of  the  Lord  of  hofts  will  perform 
this.  I  Tim.  v.  17.  Let  the  el- 
ders that  rule  well  be  counted 
worthy  of  double  honour,  efpeci- 
ally  they  who  labour  in  the  word 
and  doctrine.  i  ThefT.  v.  12. 
And  we  befeech  you,  brethren, 
to  know  them  which  labour  a- 
mong  you,  and  are  over  you  in 
the  Lord,  and  admonifli  you.  A£ls 
XX.  1 7.  And  from  Miletus  he  fent 
to  Ephefus,  and  called  the  elders 
ofthechurch.  V.  18.  And,  when 
they  were  come  to  him,  he  faid 
unto  them.  Ye  know,  from  the 
firft  day  that  I  came  into  Afia, 
after  what  manner  I  have  been 
with  you  at  all  feafons.  Heb. 
xiii.  7.  Remember  them  which 
have  the  rule  over  you,  who  have 


III.  Church 

fpokenunto  you  the  word  of  God ; 
whofe  faith  follow,  confidcring 
the  end  of  their  converfation. 
V.  17.  Obey  them  that  have  the 
rule  over  you,  and  fubmit  your- 
felves:  for  they  watch  for  your 
fouls,  as  they  that  muft  give  ac- 
count ;  that  they  may  do  it  with 
joy,  and  not  with  grief :  for  that 
is  unprofitable  for  you.  V.  24. 
Salute  all  them  that  have  the 
rule  over  you,  and  all  the  faints. 
They  of  Italy  falute  you.  i  Cor. 
xii.  28.  And  God  hath  fet  fome 
in  the  church;  firft,  apoftles ;  fecon- 
darily,  prophets;  thirdly,teachers; 
after  that  miracles,  then  gifts  of 
healings,  helps,  governments,  di- 
verfities  of  tongues.  Mat.  xxviii. 
18.  And  Jefus  came,  and  fpake  un- 
to them,  faying,  All  power  is  given 
unto  me  in  heaven  and  in  earth. 
V.19.  Go  ye,  therefore,  and  teach 
all  nations,  baptizing  them  in  the 
name  of  the  Father,  and  of  the 
Son,  and  of  the  Holy  Ghoft : 
V.  20.  Teaching  them  toobferve 
all  things  whatfoever  I  have  com- 
manded you :  and,  lo,  I  am  with 
you  alway,  even  unto  the  end  of 
the  world.     Amen. 

n.  ^  Mat   xvi.  19   And  I  will 

give  unto  thee  the  keys  of  the 

kingdom  of  heaven  j  and  wuat- 

foever 


Chap.  XXX.  The  Confeffion  of  Faith. 


167 


III.  Church  cenfures  are  neceflary  for  the  reclahning  and 
gaining  of  offending ,  brethren ;  for  detemng  of  others  from' 
the  like  offences;  for  purging  out  of  that  leaven  which 
might  infed  the  whole  lump ;  for  vindicating  the  honour  of 
Chriil:,  and  the  holy  profeffion  of  the  gofpel ;  imd  for  prevent- 
ing the  wrath  of  God,  which  might  juftly  fall  upon  the  church, 
if  they  fhould  lulfer  his  covenant,  and  the  feals  thereof,  to  be 
profaned  by  notorious  and  obflinate  offenders  ^. 

IV.  For  the  better  attaining  of  thefe  ends,  the  officers  of 
the  church  are  to  proceed  by  admonition,  fiifpenfion  from 
the  facrament  of  the  Lord's  iupper  for  a  feafon,  and  by  ex- 
communication from  the  church,  according  to  the  nature  of 
the  crime,  and  demerit  of  the  perfon  ^. 


foever  thou  flialt  bind  on  earth, 
[hall  be  bound  in  heaven;  and 
whatfoever  thou  fhalt  loofe  on 
earth,  (hall  be  loofed  in  heaven. 
Mat.  xviii.  17.  And  if  he  (hall 
neglect  to  hear  them,  tell  it  unto 
the  church  ;  but  if  he  negleft  to 
hear  the  church,  let  him  be  unto 
thee  as  an  heathen  man,  and  a 
publican.  V.  18.  Verily  I  fay 
unto  you,  Whatfoever  ye  fliall 
bind  on  earth,  fhall  be  bound  in 
heaven ;  and  whatfoever  ye  fliall 
loofe  on  earth,  fl:all  be  loofed  in 
heaven.  John  xx.  21.  Then  faid 
Jefus  to  them  again.  Peace  be  un- 
to you  :  as  my  Father  hath  fent 
me,  even  fo  fend  I  you.  V.  22. 
And  when  he  had  faid  this,  he 
breathed  on  them,  and  faith  unto 
them,  Receive  ye  the  Holy  Ghofi: 
V.2  3.Whofe  foever  fins  ye  remit, 
they  are  remitted  unto  them;  and 
whofe  foever  fms  ye  retain,  they 
are  retained.  2  Cor.  ii.  6.  Suf- 
ficient to  fuch  a  man  is  this  pu- 
nifhment,  which  was  inflicted  of 
many.  V.  7.  So  that  contrari- 
wife,  ye  ought  rather  to  forgive 
him,  and  comfort  him,  left  per- 
haps fuch  a  one  fliould  be  fwal  - 
lowed  up  with  over-much  forrow. 


CHAP. 

V.  8.  Wherefore  I  befecch  you, 
that  ye  would  confirm  your  love 
towards  him. 

III.  "  [r  Cor.  v.  throughout.'} 
I  Tim.  V.  20.  Them  that  fm  re- 
buke before  all,  that  others  alfo 
may  fear.  Mat.  vii.  6.  Give  not 
that  which  is  holy  unto  the  dogs, 
neither  caft  ye  your  pearls  before 
fwine,  left  they  trample  them  un- 
der their  feet,  and  turn  again  and 
rend  you.  i  Tim.  i.  20.  Of  whom 
is  Hymeneus  and  Alexander  ; 
whom  I  have  delivered  unto  Sa- 
tan, that  they  may  learn  not  to 
blafphcme.  [i  Cor.  xi.  27.  to  the 
end.'\  With  Jude,  Ver.  23.  And 
others  fave  with  fear,  pulling 
them  out  of  the  fire ;  hating  even 
the  garments  fpotted  by  the  fiefn. 

IV.  d  I  Thefl:  V.  12.  And  we 
befeech  you,  brethren,  to  know 
them  which  labour  among  you, 
and  are  over  you  in  the  Lord,  and 
admonifii  you.  2  TheiT.  iii.  6. 
Now  we  command  you,  bre- 
thren, in  the  name  of  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift,  that  ye  withdraw 
yourfelves  from  every  brother  that 
walketh  diforderly,  and  not  after 
the  tradition  which  he  received 
of  us.     V.  14-  And  if  any  m?n 

obey 


1 63  The  Confefion  of  Faith.         Cliap.  XXXL 

CHAP.    XXXI.     Of  Syjiods  and  Comicils, 

FOR  the  better  government  and  further  edification  of  the 
churcli,  there  ought  to  be  fuch  afTemblies  as  are  com- 
monly called  Synods  or  Councils  ».  ■ 

II.  As  magiftrates  may  lawfully  call  a  fynod  of  minifters, 
and  other  fit  perfons,  to  confult  and  advife  with  about  mat- 
ters of  religion  ^  ;  fo  if  magiilrates  be  open  enemies  to  the 
church,  the  minillers  of  Chrill,  of  thcmfelves,  by  virtue  of 
their  office,  or  they,  with  other  fit  perfons  upon  delegation 
from  their  churches,  may  meet  together  in  fuch  aflemblies^. 

III.  It 


obey  not  our  word  by  this  epiflle, 
note  that  man,  and  have  no  com- 
pany with  him,  that  he  may  be 
aihamed.  V,  15.  Yet  count  him 
not  as  an  enemy,  but  admonifli 
him  as  a  brother,  r  Cor.  v.  4. 
In  the  name  of  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift,  when  ye  are  gathered  to- 
gether, and  my  fpirit,  with  the 
power  of  our  Lord  Jefus  Ghrifl, 
V.  5.  To  deliver  fuch  an  one  un- 
to Satan  for  the  dellruclion  of 
the  flefli,  that  the  fpirit  may  be 
faved  in  the  day  of  the  Lord  Jefus. 
V.  13.  But  them  that  are  with- 
out Cod  judgeth.  Therefore  put 
away  from  among  yourfelvestnat 
wicked  perfon.  Mat.  xviii.  17. 
And  if  he  fliall  negledt  to  hear 
them,  tell  it  unto  the  church  : 
but  if  he  neglect  to  hear  the 
church,  let  him  be  unto  thee  as 
an  heathen  man,  and  a  publican. 
Tit.  iii.  10.  A  man  that  is  an  he- 
retick,  after  the  firft  and  fecond 
admonition,  reje£t. 

L  ^ Acts XV. 2.  When, therefore, 
Paul  and  Barnabas  h  td  no  fmall 
diflention  and  difput  tion  with 
them,  they  ileu  rmintd  that  Paul 
and  Barnabas,  and  certain  other 
of  them,  (liould  go  up  to  Jerufa- 
lem  unto  the  apolUcs  and  elders 
about  this  qiuHiou.  V  4.  And 
when  they  sv^ere  cometo  jferufalem 
they  were  received  of  the  church, 


and  of  the  apoftles  and  elders,  and 
they  declared  all  things  that  God 
had  done  witli  them.  V..  6.  And 
the  apoltles  and  elders  came  toge- 
ther for  to  confider  of  this  matter. 

n.  '^  Ifa.  xliK.  23.  And  kings 
fiiall  be  thy  nurfmg-fathers,  and 
their  queens  thy  nurhng-mothers : 
they  fliull  bow  down  to  thee  with 
their  face  toward  the  earth,  and 
lick  up  the  dufl;  of  thy  feet,  and 
thou  {halt  know  that  I  am  the 
Lord  :  for  they  ftiall  not  be  a- 
fliamed  that  wait  for  me.  i  Tim. 
ii.  1.  I  exhort, therefore, that,  firft 
of  all,  fupplications,  prayers,  in- 
terceffions,  and  giving  of  thanks, 
be  made  for  all  men  :  V.  2.  For 
kings,  and  for  all  that  are  in  au- 
tliority;  that  we  may  lead  a  quiet 
and  peaceable  life  in  all  godlinefs 
and  honefly.  {[2  Chron.  xix.  8. 
to  the  end.  2  Chron.  Chapters 
xxix.  mid yiyis..  throughout.'}  Mat. 
ii.  4.  And.  when  he  had  gathered 
all  the  chief  priefls  and  ftribes  of 
the  people  together,  he  demanded 
of  them  where  Chrift  fliould  be 
born.  V.  5.  And  they  faid  unto 
him,  In  Bethlehem  of  Judea:  for 
thu.^  it  is  written  by  the  prophet. 
Prov.  xi.  14.  Where  no  counfel  is 
the  people  fall :  but  in  the  nnilti- 
tude  of  counfellors there  is  fai'ety. 

■^  A«5ts  XV.  2,4.  [^See ill  letter  '.] 
V.22.  Thcnplcafed  ii  the  apoftles 

uud 


"The  Confejfion  of  Faith, 


169 


Chap.  XXXT. 

III.  It  belonged!  to  fynods  aiid  councils  minlflerially  to 
determine  controverfies  of  faith,  and  cafes  of  confcience ;  to 
fet  down  rules  and  direftions  for  the  better  ordering  of  the 
publick  worfliip  of  God,  and  government  of  his  church;  to 
receive  complaints  in  cafes  of  mal-adminiitration,  and  autho- 
ritatively to  determine  the  fame :  which  decrees  and  deter- 
minations, if  confonant  to  the  word  of  God,  are  to  be  received 
with  reverence  and  fubmiflion,  not  only  for  their  agreement 
with  the  word,  but  alio  for  the  power  whereby  they  are  made, 
as  being  an  ordinance  of  God,  appointed  thereunto  in  his  word  J . 

IV.  All  fynods  or  councils  fmce  the  apoftles*  times,  whether 
general  or  particular,  may  err,  and  many  have  erred;  there- 
fore they  are  not  to  be  made  the  rule  of  faitli  or  pradicc,  but 
to  be  ufed  as  an  help  in  both«. 

V.  Synods  and  councils  are  to  handle  or  conclude  nothing 
but  that  which  is  ecclefiaftical :  and  are  not  to  intermeddle 
with  civil  affairs,  which  concern  the  commonwealth,  imlefs  by 

way 


and  elders,  with  the  whole  church, 
to  fend  chofen  men  of  their  own 
company  to  Antioch,  with  Paul 
and    Barnabas ;    namely,    Judas, 
furnamed  Barfabas,  and  Silas, chief 
men  among  the  brethren  :   V.  23. 
And  wrote  letters  by  them  after 
this  manner,   The  apoftles,  and 
elders,  and  brethren,  fend  greet- 
ing unto  the  brethren  which  are 
of  the  Gentiles  in  Antioch,  and  Sy- 
ria, and  Cilicia.   V.  25.  It  feem- 
ed  good  unto  us,  being  alfembled 
with  one  accord,  to  fend  chofen 
men  unto  you,  with  our  beloved 
Barnabas  and  Paul. 
III.  '^  A6ts  XV.  15, 19,24,  27,  28, 
,  29,  30,  31 .  \_See  in  the  Bible.']  A^ts 
xvi.  4.  And,  as  they  went  through 
the  cities,   they  delivered  them 
the  decrees  for  to  keep,  that  were 
ordained  of  the  apolUes  and  elders 
which  were  at  Jerufalem.     Mat. 
xviii.  17.  And  if  he  fliall  neglect 
to  hear  tliem,    tell   it  unto  the 
:hurth  :  but  if  he  neglect  to  hear 
;he  church,  let  him  be  unto  thee 


as  an  heathen  man,  and  a  publi- 
can.    V.  18.  Verily  I  fay  unto 
you,  Whatfoever  ye  fliall  bind  on 
earth,  fliall  be  bound  in  heaven  ; 
and  whatfoever  ye  fliall  loofe  on 
earth,  fliall  be  loofed  in  heaven. 
V.  19.  Again  I  fay  unto  you.  That 
if  two  of  you  fliall  agree  on  earth 
as  touching  any  thing  that  they 
fliall  afl<,  it  fliall  be  done  for  them 
of  my  Father  which  is  in  heaven. 
V.  20.  For  where  two  or  three 
are  gathered  together  in  my  naine, 
there  am  I  in  the  midfl:  of  them. 
IV.  ^  Eph.  ii.  20.-  And  are  built 
upon  the  foundation  of  the  apoftles 
and  prophets,  Jefus  Ghrift'  himfelf 
being  the  chief  corner-ftone.  Acts 
xvii.  1 1 .  Thefe  were  more  noble 
than   thofe   in   Theflalonica,    in 
that  they  received  the  word  with 
all  readinefs  of  mind,  and  fearch- 
ed  the  fcriptures   daily  whether 
thofe  things  were  fo.     i  Cor.  ii.  5. 
That  your  faith  fliould  not  ftand 
in  the  ^^'ifdom  of  men,  but  in  the 
power  of  God.    2  Cor.  i.  24.  Not 
H  for 


1 70  the  Confeffion  of  Faith.       Chap.  XXXII/ 

way  of  humble  petition,  in  cafes  extraordinary;  or  by  way  of 
advice  for  fatisfadion  of  confcience,  if  they  be  thereunto  re- 
quired by  the  civil  magiflrate  ^, 


CHAP.   XXXII.    Of  the  State  oflVLen  aft.jr  Death,  and 
of  the  Refurredion  of  the  Dead. 

TH  E  bodies  of  men  after  death  return  to  dull:,  and  fee 
corruption  ^ ;  but  their  fouls,  (which  neither  die  nor 
fleep,)  having  an  immortal  fubfiftence,  immediately  return 
to  God  who  gave  them  ^  The  fouls  of  the  rigliteous,  being 
then  made  perfed:!:  in  holinefs,  are  received  into  the  higheft 
heavens,  where  they  behold  the  face  of  God  in  light  and  glory, 
waiting  for  the  &1II  redemption  of  their  bodies  ^ ;  and  the 

fouls 


for  that  we  have  dominion  over 
your  faith,  but  are  helpers  of  your 
joy:  for  by  faith  ye  ftand. 

V.  *■  Luke  xii.  13.  And  one  of 
the  company  faid  unto  him,  Ma- 
iler, fpeak  to  my  brother,  that  he 
divide  the  inheritance  with  me. 
V.  14.  And  he  faid  unto  him, 
Man,  who  made  me  a  judge  or  a 
divider  over  ypu  ?  John  xviii.  36. 
Jefus  anfwered,  My  kingdom  is 
not  of  this  world :  if  my  kingdom 
were  of  this  world,  then  would 
my  fervants  fight,  that  I  Ihould 
not  be  delivered  to  the  Jews  : 
but  now  is  my  kingdom  not  from 
hence. 

I.  "  Gen.  iii.  19.  In  the  fweat  of 
thy  face  flialt  thou  eat  bread,  till 
thou  return  unto  the  ground ;  for 
out  of  it  waft  thou  tak-^n :  for  duft 
thou  art,  and  unto  duft  thou  flialt 
return.  Aas  xiii.  36.  For  David, 
after  he  had  ferved  his  own  gene- 
ration, by  the  will  of  God  fell  on 
deep,  and  vras  laid  unto  his  fa- 
thers, and  faw  corruption. 

'»  Luke  xxiii.  43-  And  Jcfusfaid 
unto  him,  Verily  I  fay  unto  thee, 
To-day  flialt  thou  be  with  me  in 


paradife.  Eccl.  xii.  7.  Thenfhall 
the  duft  return  to  the  earth  as  it 
was:  and  the  fpirit  fliall  return 
unto  God  who  gave  it. 

*^  Heb.  xii.  23.  To  the  general 
aflembly  and  church  of  the  firft- 
born,  which  are  written  in  hea- 
ven, and  to  God  the  judge  of  all, 
and  to  the  fpirits  of  juft  men  made 
perfect.  2  Cor.  v.  i .  For  we  know, 
that  if  our  earthly  houfe  of  this 
tabernacle  were  diffolved,  we  have 
a  building  of  God,  an  houfe  not 
made  with  hands,  eternal  in  the 
heavens.  V.  6.  Therefore  we  are 
always  confident,  knowing  that 
whilft  we  are  at  home  in  the  body 
we  are  abfent  from  the  Lord  : 
V.  8.  We  are  confident,  I  fay,  and 
willing  rather  to  be  abfent  from 
the  body,  and  to  be  prefent  with 
the  Lord.  Phil.  i.  23.  For  I  am 
in  a  ftrait  betwixt  two,  having  a 
defire  to  depart,  and  to  be  with 
Chrift ;  which  is  far  better.  With 
A6ts  iii.  21.  Whom  the  heaven 
muft  receive,  until  the  times  of 
rcftitution  of  all  tilings,  which 
God  hath  fpoken  by  the  mouth  of 
all  his  holy  prophets  fince  the 
world 


Chap.  XXXII.        Jhe  Confefion  of  Faith.  1 7 1 

fouls  of  the  wicked  are  cad  into  hell,  where  they  remain  in 
torments  and  utter  darknefs,  refer ved  to  the  judgment  of  the 
great  day  ^.  Beddes  thefe  two  places  for  fouls  feparated  from 
their  bodies  the  fcripture  acknowledgeth  none. 

II.  At  the  lafl  day,  fuch  as  are  found  aUve  ihall  not  die,  but 
be  changed  s  and  all  the  dead  ihall  be  raifed  up  with  the 
fclf-fame  bodies,  and  none  other,  although  wkh  different  qua- 
lities, which  fliall  be  united  again  to  their  fouls  for  ever^ 

III.  The  bodies  of  the  unjufl  fliall,  by  the  power  of  Chrilr, 
be  raifed  to  diflionour ;  the.bodies  of  the  juil,  by  his  Spirit, 
unto  honour,  and  be  made  conformable  to  his  own  glorious 
body..  CHAP. 


world  began.  And  Eph.  \v.  10. 
He  that  defcendcd  is  the  fame  alfo 
that  afcended  up  far  above  all 
heavens,  that  he  might  fill  all 
things. 

'  ^  Luke  xvl.  23.  And  in  hell  he 
lifted  up  his  eyes,  being  in  tor- 
Tnents,  and  feeth  Abraham  afar  oiF, 
and  Lazarus  in  his bofom.  V.  24. 
And  he  cried,  and  faid,  Father 
Abraham,  have  mercy  on  me  ;  and 
fend  Lazarus,  that  he  may  dip  the 
tip  of  his  finger  in  water,  and  cool 
my  tongue  ;  for  I  am  tormented 
in  this  tlame.  Afts  i.  25.  That  he 
may  take  part  of  this  miniftry  and 
apodleOiip,  from  which  Judas  by 
tranfgreflion  fell,  that  he  might 
go  to  his  own  place.  Jude,  Ver.  6. 
And  the  angels  which  kept  not 
their  firft  eilate,  but  left  their 
own  habitation,  he  hath  referved 
in  everlading  chains  under  dark- 
nefs, unto  the  judgment  of  the 
great  day.  V.  7.  Even  as  Sodom 
and  Gomorrha,  and  the  cities 
about  them,  in  like  manner  gi- 
ving themfelves  over  to  fornica- 
tion, and  going  after  ftrange  flefli, 
are  fet  forth  for  an  example, 
fuffering  the  vengeance  of  eternal 
fire,  f  Pet.  iii.  19.  By  which  alfo 
ke  went  and  preached  unto  the 
fpirits  in  prifon. 


n.  ^  r  Their,  iv.  17.  Then  we 
which  are  alive  and  remain  fhall 
be  caught  up  together  with  them 
in  the  clouds,  to  meet  the  Lord 
in  the  air  :  and  fo  fliall  we  ever 
be  with  the  Lord,  i  Cor.  xv.  51 . 
Behold,  I  fhew  you  a  myftery ; 
we  fliall  not  all  fleep,  but  we  fliall 
all  be  changed,  V.  52.  In  a  mo- 
ment, in  the  twinkling  of  an  eye, 
at  the  lafl  trump  :  for  the  trum- 
pet fliall  found,  and  the  dead  fliall 
be  raifed  incorruptible,  and  we 
fliall  be  changed. 

*■  Job  xix.  26.  And  though  after 
my  fldn  worms  deftroy  this  body, 
yet  in  my  flefli  fliall  I  fee  God; 
V.  27.  Whom  I  fliall  fee  for  my- 
felf,  and  mine  eyes  fliall  behold, 
and  not  another,  though  my  reins 
be  confumed  within  me.  1  Cor. 
XV.  42.  So  alfo  is  the  refurreftion 
of  the  dead.  It  is  fown  in  cor- 
ruption, it  is  raifed  in  incorrup- 
tion  :  V.  43.  It  is  fown  in  diflio- 
nour, it  is  raifed  in  glory  :  it  is 
fown  in  weaknefs,  it  is  raifed  in 
power  :  V.  44.  It  is  fown  a  natu- 
ral body,  it  is  raifed  a  fpirituai 
body.  There  is  a  natural  body, 
and  there  is  a  fpirituai  body. 

III.  ^  A6ts  xxiv.  15.  And  have 

hope  towards  God,  which  they 

themfelves  alfo  allow,  that  there 

H  2  ihali 


TBi 


J  7  2  Tbe  Confejfwn  of  Faith,       Chap.  XXXIIL 

CHAP.    XXXrir.     OftbeUft-Judgmenu 

C^  O  D  hath  appointed  a  day  wherein  he  will  judge  the 
J  world  in  righteoulhefs  by  Jcfiis  Chrill  %  to  whom  all 
power  and  judgment  is  given  of  the  Father  ^.  In  wliich  day, 
not  only  the  apoiiate  angels  fliall  be  judged  %  but  likewife 
all  perfons  that  have  Hved  upon  eaith  fliall  appear  before  the 
tribunal  of  Chrift,  to  give  an  account  of  their  thoughts,  words, 
and  deeds ;  and  to  receive  according  to  what  they  have  done 
in  the  body,  whether  good  or  eviN. 

II.  The  end  of  God's  appointing  this  day  is  for  the  mani- 
feftation  of  the  glory  of  his  mercy  in  the  eternal  falvaiion  of 

tlie 
life?  Jude,  Ver.  6.  {See  kttcr  ^ 
Chapter fon'goiug.']  2  Pec.  ii.  4. 
For  if  God  fpared  not  the  angels 
that  linned,  but  call:  them  down 
to  hell,  and  delivered  them  into 
chains  of  darknefs,  to  be  referved 
unto  judgment. 

^  2  Cor.  V.  10,.  For  we  mufl:  all 
appear  before  the  judgment-feat 
of  Chrift;  that  every  one  may  re- 
ceive the  things  done  in  his  body, 
according  to  that  he  hath  done, 
whether  it  be  good  or  bad.  Eccl. 
xii.  14.  For  God  fliall  bring  every 
work  into  judgment,  with  every 
fecret  thing,  whether  it  be  good, 
or  whether  it  be  evil.  Rom.  ii.  1 6. 
In  t!ie  day  when  God  ftiall  judge 
the  fecrets  of  men  by  Jefus  Chrift, 
according  to  my  gofpel.  Rom. 
xiv.  10.  But  why  doll  thou  judge 
thy  brother  ?  or  why  doll:  thou  fet 
at  nought  thy  brother?  for  we 
fliall  allltand  before  the  judgment- 
feat  of  Chrift.  V.  12.  So  then, 
every  one  of  us  fliall  give  account 
of  himfelf-to  GckI.  Mat.  xii.  36. 
But  I  fay  unto  you,  Thateveryidle 
word  that  menfliall  fpeak  theyfhall 
give  account  thereof  in  tl.c  day  of 
judgment.  V.37.  For  by  thy  words 
thou  flialt  be  jufl:ified,  and  by  thy 
words  thou  flialt  be  condemned. 
II.  "^  [Mat. 


fliall  be  a  refurredion  of  the  dead, 
both  of  the  juft  and  unjuft.  John 
V.  28.  Marvel  not  at  this :  for  the 
hour  is  coming,  in  the  which  all 
that  are  in  the  graves  fliall  hear 
liis  voice,  V.  29.  And  fliall  come 
forth  :  they  that  have  done  good 
mito  the  refurreftion  of  life,  and 
they  that  have  done  evil  unto  the 
refurreftion  of  damnation,  i  Cor. 
XV.  43.  \_See  in  letter  ^.']  Philip. 
jii.  2  r.  Who  fliall  change  our  vile 
body,  that  it  may  be  fafliioned 
like  unto  his  glorious  body,  ac- 
cording to  the  working  whereby 
he  is  able  even  to  fubdue  all  things 
unto  himfeif. 

I.  *  Atls  xvii.  31.  Becaufe  he 
hath  a]ipointed  a  day  in  the  which 
he  will  judge  the  world  in  righte- 
onfnefs,  by  that  man  whom  he  hath 
ordained;  v^hercof  he  hath  given 
aiUirance  unto  all  men,  in  that  he 
liath  raifed  him  from  the  dead. 

''John  v.  2  2 .  For  the  Father  judg- 
eth  no  man  ;  but  hath  committed 
all  judgment  unto  the  Son  .  V.  27. 
And  hiith  given  liim  authority  to 
fTxecute  judgment  alfo,  becaufe  he 
"is  the  Son  of  man. 

"  I  Cor.  vi.  3.  Know  ye  not  that 
we  fliall  judge  angeU?  how  much 
inore  things  tlvat  pertain  to  this 


Qiap.  XXXIII.      The  Confefjlon  of  Faith  173 

the  eiea,  and  of  his  juftice  in  the  damnation  of  the'reprobate, 
•Avho  arc  \vicked  and  difobedieiit.  For  then  Hiall  tlic  no;htcoLis 
go  into  everlafting  life,  and  receive  that  fnhiefs  of  joy  and 
rcfrelhing  which  ihall  come  from  the  prefcnce  of  the  Lord;, 
but  the  \\icked,  \vho  know  not  God,  and  obey  not  the  gofpel 
of  Jefus  Chriil,  fliall  be  call  into  eternal  torments,  and  be  pu- 
nilhed  with  everlalling  de{lrud:ion  from  the  prefence  of  the 
Lord,  and  from  the  glory  of  his  power «. 

II L  As  Chrifh  would  have  us  to  be  certainly  perfuaded  that 
there  iliall  be  a  day  of  judgment,  both  to  deter  all  men  from 
fin,  and  for  the  greater  confolation  of  the  godly  in  their  ad- 
verfity  ^ ;   fo  will  he  have  that  day  unknown  to  men,  that 

they 

II.  *  [Mat.  XXV.  31 .  /o  the  end.'] 
Rom.  ii.  5.  But  after  thy  hardnefs 
and  impenitent  heart,  treafureH: 
up  unto  thyfelt  wrath  againil  the 
day  of  wrath,  and  revelation  of 
the  righteous  judgment  of  God  ; 
V.  6.  Who  will  render  to  every 
man  according  to  his  deeds.  Rom. 
ix.  22.  What  if  God,  willing  to 
ftiew  his  wrath,  and  to  make  his 
power  known,  end  ured  with  much 
long-fuffering  the  veffels  of  wrath 
fitted  to  deftruction  :  V.  23.  And 
that  he  might  mal<e  known  the 
riches  of  his  glory  on  the  veflels 
of  mercy,  which  he  had  afore  pre- 
pared unto  glory  ?  Mat.  xxv.  2  i . 
His  lord  faid  unto  him.  Well  done, 
thou  good  and  faithful  fervant : 
thou  haft  been  faithful  over  a  few 
things,  I  will  make  thee  ruler 
over  many  things :  enter  thou  into 
the  joy  of  tiiy  lord.  A£ts  iii.  19. 
Repent  ye,  therefore,  and  be  con- 
verted, that  your  fms  may  be  blot- 
ted out,  when  the  times  of  re- 
frefliing  (hail  come  from  the  pre- 
fence of  the  Lord.  2  Thell'.  i. 
7,—  10.  \_See  in  the  Bible. ~\ 

III.  *"2  Pet.  iii.  II.  Seeing  then 
that  all  thefe  things  fhall  be  dif- 
folved,  what  manner  of  perfons 
ought  ye  to  be  in  all  holy  con- 


verfation  and  godlinefs?  V.  14. 
Wherefore,  beloved,  feeing  that 
ye  look  for  fuch  things,  be  diligent 
that  ye  may  be  found  of  him  in 
peace,withoutfpot,andblamelefb-. 
2  Cov.v.  10.  \_See  letter^.']  V.  11. 
Knowing,  therefore,  the  terror 
of  the  Lord,  we  perfuade  men  j 
but  we  are  made  manifeft  unto 
God,  and  I  truft  alfo  are  made  ma- 
nifeft in  your  confciences.  2Their. 
i.  5.  Which  is  a  manifeft  tokeii  of 
the  righteous  judgment  of  God, 
that  ye  may  be  counted  worthy  of 
the  kingdom  of  God,  for  which  ye 
alfo  fuffer.  V.  6.  Seeing  it  is  a 
righteous  thing  with  God  to  re- 
compenfe  tribulation  to  them  that 
trouble  you;  V.  7.  And  to  you 
who  are  troubled  reft  with  us, 
when  the  Lord  Jefus  fhall  be  re- 
vealed from  heaven  with  his 
mighty  angels.  Lukexxi.  27.  And 
then  ihrll  they  fee  the  Son  of  man 
coming  in  a  cloud  with  power  and 
great  glory.  V.  28.  And  when 
thefe  things  begin  to  come  to  pafs, 
then  look  up,  and  lift  up  your 
heads ;  for  your  redemption  draw- 
eth  nigh.  Rom.  viii.  23.  And  not 
only  they,but  ourfelvesalfo,  which 
have  the  lirft-fruits  of  the  Spirit, 
even  we  ourfelves  groan  within 
H  3  ourfelves, 


174  1'f^e  Confefion  of  Faith,      Chap.  XXXIIL 

they  may  fhake  off  all  carnal  fecurity,  and  be  always  watchful, 
becaufe  tliey  know  not  at  what  hour  the  Lord  will  come ;  and 
may  be  ever  prepared  to  fay,  Come,  Lord  Jefus,  come  quickly. 

Amen  e. 


ourfelves,  waiting  for  the  adop- 
tion, to  wit,  the  redemption  of 
ourbody.  V.  24.  For  we  are  fa  ved 
by  hope :  but  hope  that  is  feen 
is  not  hope4  for  what  a  man  feeth, 
why  doth  he  yet  hope  for  ?  V.25. 
But  if  we  hope  for  that  we  fee 
not,  then  do  we  with  patience 
wait  for  it. 

*  Mat.  xxiv.  36,  42,  _43>  44-  {.See 
intheBible.~\  Mark xiii. 35. Watch 
ye,  therefore,  for  ye  know  not 
when  the  mafter  of  the  houfe  co- 
meth ;  at  even,  or  at  midnight, 
or  at  the  cock-crowing,  or  in  the 


morning.  V.  36.  Left  coming fud- 
denly,  hefindyoufleeping.  V.  37. 
And  what  I  fay  unto  you,  I  fay 
unto  all,  Watch.  Luke  xii.  35. 
Let  your  loins  be  girded  about, 
and  your  lights  burning ;  V.  36. 
And  ye  yourfelves  like  unto  men 
that  wait  for  their  lord,  when  he 
will  return  from  the  weddiag, 
that,  when  he  cometh  and  knock- 
eth,  they  may  open  unto  him  im- 
mediately. Rev.  xxii.  20.  He 
which  tell i fie th  thefe  things  faith, 
Surely  1  come  quickly.  Ameiii 
Even  fo,  come.  Lord  Jefus. 


FINIS. 


THE 

LARGER  CATECHISM, 

AGREED     UPON   BY    THE 

ASSEMBLY  of  DIVINES 

A  T 

WESTMINSTER, 

WITH    THE    ASSISTANCE   OF 

COMMISSIONERS 

FROM     THE 

CHURCH  OF  SCOTLAND, 

A   S 

A  Part  of  the  Covenanted  Unifomiity  in  Religion  betwixt 
the  Churches  of  Christ  in  the  Kingdoms  of  Scotland. 
England,  and  Ireland. 

AND 

Approved  Anno  1648,  by  the  General  AfTembly  of  the  Church  of 
Scotland,  to  be  a  Direftory  for  Catechifingfuch  as  have  made 
fome  Proficiency  in  the  Knowledge  of  the  Grounds  of  Religion. 

WITH    THE 

PROOFS  FROM  THE  SCRIPTURE. 


EDINBURGH: 

Printed  by  the  Assigns  of  Alexander  Kincaid,  His  MajcilyM»rijiter, 
M  D  C  C  L  X  X  X  I. 


Aifemhly  at  EDINBURGH,  July  2.  1648.  Scf,  10. 

Aft  approving  the  Larger  Catechism. 

THE  General  AfTembly,  having  exaclly  examined  and 
ferioufly  confidered  the  Larger  Catechism,  agreed 
upon  by  the  Airembly  of  Divines  fitting  at  Weftminfler,  with 
ainftance  of  Commiirioners  from  this  Kirk,  copies  thereof 
being  printed,  and  fent  to  prefb)teries,  for  the  more  exacl 
trial  thereof;  and  pubHck  intimation  being  frequently  made 
in  this  ailembly,  that  every  one  that  had  any  doubts  or  ob- 
jedions  upon  it  might  put  them  in ;  do  find,  upon  due  exami- 
^::rion  thereof,  Tliat  the  faid  Catechifm  is  agreeable  to  the 
>rd  of  God,  and  in  nothing  contrai-y  to  the  received  dodtrine, 
worinip,  dilcipline,  and  government,  of  this  Kirk ;  a  necef- 
fary  part  of  the  intended  uniformity  in  religion,  and  a  rich 
treafiire  for  increafing  knowledge  among  the  people  of  God : 
and  therefore  the  Ailembly,  as  they  bleis  the  Lord  that  fa 
excellent  a  Catechilm  is  jnepared,  i'o  they  approve  the  fame, 
as  a  part  of  uniformity ;  agreeing,  for  their  part,  that  it  be  a 
common  Catechifm  for  the  three  kingdoms,  and  a  Directory 
for  catechifing  fuch  as  have  made  fome  proficiency  in  the 
knowledge  of  the  grounds  of  religion. 


THE 

LAKGER     CATECHIS  M. 


(Question  i. 

7/^i/.^  r  is  thd  chief  ajid  higbefl  end  of  Man? 

'^'^    AnfvK'r.  Man's  chief  and  higheil  end  is  to  glorify  God% 

and  fully  to  enjoy  him  for  ever  ^  r^        rr 

^  -^  ^  Q^  2.  EoiD 

I.  *  Rom.  xi.  36.  For  of  him,     or  whatfoever  yedo,  do  all  to  the 
and  through  him,  and  to  him,  arc    glory  of  God. 
ail  things:  to  whom  be  glory  for  ^  Pfal.  Ixxiii.  24.  Thou  fiialt 

ever.  Amen,   i  Cor.  x.  3r.  Whe-    guide  me  with  thy  counfel,  and 
ther,  therefore,  ye  cat  or  drink,    afterwards  receive  me  to  glory. 

H  5  V.  25. 


1 7  8  The  Larger  Catechifm, 

Q^  2.  ~Hovj  doth  it  appear  that  there  is  a  God? 

A.  The  very  light  of  nature  in  man,  and  the  works  of  God, 
declare  plainly  that  there  is  a  God  -^ ;  but  his  word  and  Spirit 
only  do  fufficiently  and  efFediially  reveal  him  unto  men  for 
their  falvation  ^, 

Q^  3.  What  is  the  word  of  God? 

A.  The  holy  fcriptures  of  the   old  and  new  teftament 

are 


V.  25.  Whom  have  I  in  heaven 
but  thee  ?  and  there  is  none  upon 
earth  that  I  defire  befides  thee. 
V.  26.  Myflefhand  my  heart  fail- 
eth  :  but  God  is  the  ftrength  of  my 
heart,  and  my  portion  for  ever. 
V.  27.  For,  lo,  they  that  are  far 
from  thee  fliall  perifh :  thou  haft 
deltroyed  all  them  that  go  a  who- 
ring from  thee.  V.  28.  But  it  is 
good  for  me  to  draw  near  to  God : 
I  have  put  my  truft  in  the  Lord 
God,  that  I  may  declare  all  thy 
works.  John  xvii.  21.  That, they 
all  may  be  one,  as  thou,  Father, 
art  in  me,  and  I  in  theej  that 
they  alfo  may  be  one  in  us :  that 
the  world  may  believe  that  thou 
haft  fent  me.  V.  22.  And  the 
glory  which  thou  gaveft  me  I 
have  given  them :  that  they  may 
beonc,  evenasweareone.  V.  23. 
I  in  them,  and  thou  in  me,  that 
they  may  be  made  perfect  in  one, 
and  that  the  world  may  know  that 
thou  haft  fent  me,  and  haft  loved 
them  as  thou  haft  loved  me. 

2.  "^  Rom.  i.  19.  Becaufe  that 
which  may  be  known  of  God  is 
manifeit  in  them ;  for  God  hath 
fhewed  it  unto  them.  V.  20.  For 
the  invilible  things  of  him  from 
the  creation  of  the  world  are 
clearly  feen,  being  underftood  by 
the  things  that  are  made,  even 
his  eternal  power  and  Godhead  ; 
fo  that  they  are  without  excufe. 
Pfal.  xix.  I.  The  Jieavens  declare 
the  glory  of  God ;  and  the  tirma- 


ment  flieweth  his  handy-work. 
V.  2 .  Day  unto  dayuttereth  fpeech , 
and  night  unto  night  fheweth 
knowledge.  V.  3.  There  is  no 
fpeech  nor  language  where  their 
voice  is  not  heard.  Afts  xvii.  28. 
For  in  him  we  live,  and  move, 
and  have  our  being. 

^  I  Cor.  ii.  9.  But  as  it  is  writ- 
ten, Eye  hath  not  feen,  nor  ear 
heard,  neither  have  entered  into 
the  heart  of  man,  the  things  which 
God  hath  prepared  for  them  that 
love  him.  V.  10.  But  God  hath 
revealed  them  unto  us  by  his  Spi- 
rit :  for  the  Spirit  fearcheth  all 
things,  yea,  the  deep  things  of 
God.  2  Tim.  iii.  15.  And  that 
from  3  child  thou  haft  known  the 
holy  fcriptures,  which  are  able  to 
make  thee  wife  unto  falvation, 
through  faith  which  is  in  Chrift 
Jefus.  V.  16.  All  fcripture  is  gi- 
ven by  infpiration  of  God,  and  is 
protitable  for  do^rine,  for  re- 
proof, for  correftion,  for  inftruc- 
tion  in  right  eoufnefs  :  V.  17.  That 
the  man  of  God  may  be  perfeft, 
thoroughly  furnifhed  unto  all  good 
works.  Ifa.  lix.  21.  As  for  me, 
this  is  my  covenant  with  them, 
faith  the  Lord,  My  Spirit  that  is 
upon  thee,  and  my  words  which 
1  have  put  in  thy  mouth,  fliall  not 
depart  out  of  thy  mouth,  nor  out 
of  the  mouth  of  thy  feed,  nor  out 
of  tlie  mouth  of  thy  feeds  feed, 
faith  the  Lord,  from  henceforth 
and  for  ever. 

3. '  2  Tim. 


The  Larger  Catechlfm. 


179 
obe- 


are  the  word  of  God  <^,  the  only  rule  of  faith  and 
dience  *". 

(^  4.  Eoii)  doth  it  appear  that  the  fcriptures  are  the  ivord  of 
God? 

A  The  fcriptures  manifefl:  themfelves  to  be  tbe  word  of 
Cod  by  tlieir  majelly «  and  purity  »• ;  by  the  confent  of  all 

the 


3.  '2  Tim.  iii.  16.  Allfcripture 
is  given  by  infpiration  of  God. 
2  Pet.  i.  19.  We  have  alfo  a  more 
lure  word  of  prophecy;  where- 
unto  ye  do  well  that  ye  take  heed, 
as  mito  a  light  that  fhineth  in  a 
dark  place,  until  the  day  dawn, 
and  the  day-ftar  arife  in  your 
hearts :  V.  20.  Knowing  thisfirft, 
that  no  prophecy  of  the  fcripture 
is  of  any  private  interpretation. 
V .  a  r .  For  the  prophecy  came  not 
In  old  time  by  the  will  of  man  : 
but  holy  mtn  of  God  fpake  as  they 
were  moved  by  the  Holy  Ghoft. 

*■  Eph.  ii.  20.  And  are  built  up- 
on the  foundation  of  the  apoilles 
and  prophets,  Jefus  Chrift  liim- 
felf  being  the  chief  corner-ilone. 
Rev.  xxii.  18.  For  I  teflify  unto 
evei-y  man  that  heareth  the  words 
of  the  prophecy  of  this  book,  If  any 
man  fhall  add  unto  thefe  things, 
God  fliall  add  unto  him  tiie  plagues 
that  are  written  in  this  booic  : 
V.  19.  And  if  any  man  ftiall  take 
away  from  the  words  of  the  book 
of  this  prophecy,  God  (hall  take 
away  his  part  out  of  the  book  of 
life,  and  out  of  the  holy  city,  and 
trom  the  things  which  are  writ- 
ten in  this  book.  Ifa.  viii.  20.  To 
the  law,  and  to  the  teftimony  :  if 
they  fpeak  not  according  to  this 
word,  it  is  becaufe  there  is  no 
light  in  them.  Lukexvi.  29. They 
have  Mofes  and  the  prophets;  let 
them  hear  them.  V.  31.  If  they 
hear  not  Moles  and  the  prophets, 
neither  will  they  be  perfuaded 
though  one  rofe  from  the  dead. 


Gal.  i.  8.  But  though  we,  or  an 
angel  from  heaven,  preach  any 
other  gofpel  unto  you  than  that 
which  we  have  preached  unto  you, 
let  him  be  accurfed.  V.  9 .  As  we 
faid  before,  fo  fay  I  now  again. 
If  any  man  preach  any  other  go- 
fpel unto  you  than  that  ye  have 
received,  let  him  be  accurfed. 
2  Tim.  iii.  15,  16.  [_Se(;  in  leu 
ier  «*.] 

4.  ^  Hof.  viii.  12.  I  have  writ- 
ten to  him  the  great  things  of  my 
law,  but  they  were  counted  as  a 
ftrange thing.  1  Cor.  ii.  6.  How- 
beit,  we  fpeak  wifdom  among 
them  that  are  perfect :  yet  not  the 
wifdom  of  this  world,  nor  of  riie 
princes  of  this  world,  that  come 
to  nought.  V.  7.  But  we  fpeak 
the  wilUom  of  God  in  a  myftery, 
even  tlie  hidden  wifdom,  which 
God  ordained  before  the  world 
unto  our  glory.  V.  13.  Which 
things  alfo  we  fpeak,  not  in 
the  words  which  man's  wifdom 
teacheth,  but  wliich  the  Holy 
Gholt  teacheth  ;  comparing  fpiri- 
tual  things  with  fpiritual.  Pfal. 
cxix.  18.  Open  thou  mine  eyes, 
that  I  may  behold  wondrous 
things  out  of  thy  law.  V.  129. 
Thy  teftimonies  are  wonderful : 
therefore  doth  my  foul  keep 
them. 

^  Pfal.  xii.  6.  The  words  of  the 
Lord  are  pure  words:  as  filver 
tried  in  a  furnace  of  earth,  puri- 
fied feven  times.  Pfal.  cxix.  140. 
Thy  word  is  very  pure  :  therefore 
thy  fervant  loveth  it. 

H  6  i  Aas 


J  80  ^h3  Larger  Catechifm, 

the  parts  5,  and  the  fcope  of  the  whole,  which  is  to  give  all 
glory  to  God  ^ ;  by  their  light  and  power  to  convince  and 
convert  Tinners,  to  comfort  and  build  up  believers  unto  fal- 
vation  ^ :  but  the  Spirit  of  God  bearing  witnefs  by  and  with 
the  fcriptures  in  the  heart  of  man  is  alone  able  fully  to  per- 
fuade  it  that  they  are  the  very  word  of  God  "^. 

commandment  of  the  Lord  is 
pure,  enlighteningtheeyes:  V.9. 
The  fear  of  the  Lord  is  clean, 
enduring  for  ever  :  the  judgments 
of  the  Lord  are  true  and  righte- 
ous altogether.  Rom.  xv.  4.  For 
whatfoever  things  were  written 
aforetime  were  written  for  our 
learning ;  that  we  through  pa- 
tience and  comfort  of  the  fcrip- 
tures might  have  hope.  A£ts 
XX.  32.  And  now,  brethren,  I 
commend  you  to  God,  and  to  the 
word  of  his  grace,  which  is  able 
to  build  you  up,  and  to  give  you 
an  inheritance  among  all  them 
which  are  fanctified. 

""  Jolm  XV i.  13.  Howbeit,  when 
he,  the  Spirit  of  truth,  is  come,  he 
will  guide  you  into  all  truth :  for 
he  fliall  not  fpeak  oi  himfelf ;  but 
whatfoever  heftiall  hear,  that  fliall 
he  fpeak :  and  he  will  fliew  you 
things  to  come.  V.  14.  He  fliall 
glorify  me :  for  he  fliall  receive 
of  mine,  and  fliall  fliew  it  unto 
you.  I  John  ii.  20.  But  ye  have 
an  unftion  from  the  holy  One, 
and  ye  know  all  things.  V.  27. 
But  the  anointing  which  ye  have 
received  of  him  abideth  in  you  : 
and  ye  need  not  that  any  man 
teach  you:  but,  as  thefame  anoint- 
ing teacheth  you  of  all  things,  and 
is  truth,  and  is  no  lye  :  and  even  as 
it  hath  taught  you,  ye  fliall  abide 
in  him.  John  xx.  3 1 .  But  thefe  are 
written,  that  ye  might  believe  that 
Jefusis  the  Chrift,  theSon  of  God; 
and  that  believing  ye  might  have 
life  through  his  name. 


'  Afts  X.  43.  To  him  give  all  the 
prophets  witnefs,  that  througli  his 
name,  whofoever belie veth  in  him 
fliall  receive  remiflion  of  fins.  A£ls 
xxvi.  22.  Having,  therefore,  ob- 
tained help  of  God,  I  continue  un- 
to this  day,  witneflingboth  to  fmali 
and  great,  faying  none  other  things 
than  thcfe  which  the  prophets  and 
Mofes  did  fay  fliould  come. 

^  Rom.  iii.  19.  Now  we  know, 
that  what  things  foever  the  law 
faith,  it  faith  to  them  who  are 
under  the  law :  that  every  mouth 
may  be  flopped,  and  all  the  world 
may  become  guilty  before  God. 
V.  27.  Where  is  boafting  then  ? 
It  is  excluded.  By  what  law? 
of  works?  Nayj  but  by  the  law 
of  faith. 

'  Afts  xviii.  28.  For  he  mighti- 
ly convinced  the  Jews,  and  that 
publickly,  fliewing  by  the  fcrip- 
tures that  Jefus  was  Chrift.  Heb. 
iv.  12.  For  the  word  of  God  is 
quick  and  powerful,  and  fharper 
than  any  two-edged  fword,  pier- 
cing even  to  the  dividing  afunder 
of  foul  and  fpirit,  and  of  the 
joints  and  marrow,  and  is  a  dif- 
cerner  of  the  thoughts  and  in- 
tents of  the  heart.  James  i.  18. 
Of  his  own  will  begat  he  us  with 
the  word  of  truth,  that  we  fliould 
be  a  kind  of  tirll-fruits  of  his  crea- 
tures. Pfal.  xix.  7.Thelawof  the 
Lord  is  perfect,  converting  the 
Tjul :  the  tef\imony  of  the  Lord 
js  fure,  making  wife  the  Ample : 
V.  8.  The  flatutes  of  the  Lord 
are  right,  rejoicins^he  lieart :  the 


5.  °  2  Thn. 


The  Larger  Catecbi/ht,  i8i 

0^5.  JVbat  do  the  fcriptures principally  teach? 
A  The  fcriptures  principally  teach,  what  man  is  to  believe 
concerning  God,  and  what  duty  God  requires  of  man  --'. 


What  Man  ought  to  beheve  concernmg  God, 

Q^  6.  ^Fhat  do  the  fcriptures  imke  knovm  of  God? 
J.  The  fcriptures  make  known  what  God  is ",  the  perfons  in 
the  Godhead  p,  his  decrees  1,  and  the  execution  of  his  decrees  «•. 
(^  7.  What  is  God? 

A.  God  is  a  Spirit ',  in  and  of  himfelf  infinite  in  being  f, 
glory  *-,  bleflednefs  ^%    and    perfedion  ^  ;    all  -  fufficient   y, 

eter- 
7.  '  John  iv.  24.  God  is  a  Spirit; 
and  they  that  worfliip  him  miiffc 
worfliip  him  in  fpirit  and  in  truth. 
*  Exod.  iii.  14.  And  God  faid 
unto  Mofes,  I  AM  THAT  I  AM : 
and  he  faid,  Thus  fhah  thou  fay 
unto  the  children  of  Ifrael,  I  AM 
hath  fent  me  unto  you .  Job  xi .  7 , 
Canft  thou  by  fearching  find  out 
God  ?  canft  thou  find  out  the  Al- 
mighty unto  perfeftion ?  V.  8.  It 
is  as  high  as  heaven,  what  canft 
thou  do?  deeper  than  hell,  what 
canft  thou  know?  V.  9.  The 
meafure  thereof  is  longer  than  the 
earth,  and  broader  than  the  fea. 
*'  Afts  vii.  2 .  The  God  of  glory 
appeared  unto  our  Father  Abra- 
ham, when  he  was  in  Mefopota- 
mia,  before  he  dwelt  in  Charran. 
"'"  I  Tim.  vi.  15.  Which  in  his 
times  he  f])all  fliew,  who  is  the 
blefled  and  only  Potentate,  the 
King  of  kings,  and  Lord  of  lords. 
"^  Mat.  V.  48.  Be  ye,  therefore, 
perfect,  even  as  your  Father 
which  is  in  heaven  is  perfect. 

^  Gen.  xvii.  i .  And,  when  Ab- 
raham was  ninety  years  old  and 
nine,  the  Lord  appeared  to  Ab- 
raham, and  faid  unto  him,  1  am 
the  Almighty  God :  walk  before 
me,  and  be  thou  perfeft. 

*  PfaL 


5.  °  2  Tim.  i.  13.  Hold  faft  the 
form  of  found  words,  which  thou 
haft  heard  of  me,  in  faith  and 
love  which  is  in  Chrift  Jefus. 

6.  °  Heb.  xi.  6.  But  without 
faith  it  isimpoilible  to  pleafe  him : 
for  he  that  cometh  to  God  muft 
believe  that  he  is,  and  that  he  is  a 
rewarder  of  them  that  diligently 
feek  him. 

^  I  John  V.  7.  For  there  are 
three  that  bear  record  in  heaven, 
the  Father,  the  Word,  and  the 
Holy  Ghoft;  and  thefe  tlu-ee  are 
one. 

"^  Acts  XV.  14.  Simeon  hath  de- 
clared how  God  at  the  firft  did 
vifit  the  Gentiles,  to  take  out  of 
them  a  people  for  his  name.  V.  1 5 . 
And  to  this  agree  the  words  of 
the  prophets  j  as'  it  is  written. 
V.  18.  Known  unto  God  are  all 
his  works  from  the  beginning  of 
the  world. 

''  Afts  iv.  27.  For  of  a  truth, 
againft  thy  holy  child  Jefus,  whom 
thou  haft  anointed,  both  Herod 
and  Pontius  Pilate,  with  the  Gen- 
tiles and  the  people  of  Ifrael, 
were  gathered  together,  V.  28. 
For  to  do  whatfoever  thy  hand 
and  thy  counfel  determined  be- 
fore to  be  done. 


i82  The  Larger  Catechijm, 

eternal  %  unchangeable  ^^  incomprehenfible  ^^  every  where 
preient  %  almighty  ^,  knowing  all  things  %  molt  wile  %  molt 
holy  Sy  molt  jult  ^  molt  merciful  and  gracious,  long-fufTering, 
and  abundant  in  goodnefs  and  truth  >. 

Q^  8.  Are  there  more  gods  than  one? 

A,  There  is  but  one  only,  the  living  and  true  God  ^, 

Q^  9.  Hovi 


"^  Pfal.  xc.  2.  Before  the  moun- 
tains were  brought  forth,  or  ever 
thou  hadfl:  formed  the  earth  and 
the  world :  even  from  everlafting 
to  everlafting  thou  art  God. 

*  Mai.  iii.  6.  For  I  am  the 
Lord,  I  change  not :  therefore  ye 
fons  of  Jacob  are  not  confiimed. 
James  i.  17.  Every  good  gift,  and 
every  perfeft  gift,  is  from  above, 
and  cometh  down  from  the  Fa- 
ther of  lights,  with  whom  is  no 
variablenefs,  neither  fliadow  of 
turning. 

''  1  Kings  viii.  27.  But  will  God 
indeed  dwell  on  the  earth  !  Be- 
hold, the  heaven,  and  the  hea- 
ven of  heavens  cannot  contain 
thee,  how  much  lefs  this  houfe 
that  I  have  builded  ? 

*"  Pfal.  cxxxix.  I ,—  1 3.  O  Lord, 
thou  haft  fearched  me,  and  known 
me  :  thou  knoweft  my  down-fit- 
ting and  mine  up-riling,  thou 
underitandeft  my  thoughts  afar 
off,  <:;c.  Whither  fliall  I  go  from 
thy  Spirit?  or  whither  fhaii  I  flee 
from  thy  prefence  ?  6"^. 

<*  Rev.  iv.  8.  And  thefour  beafts 
had  each  of  them  fix  wings  about 
him,  and  they  were  full  of  eyes 
within  5  and  they  reft  not  day  and 
night,  faying,  Holy,  holy,  holy, 
Lord  God  Almighty,  which  was, 
and  is,  and  is  to  come. 

•  Heb.  iv.  I  3.  Neither  is  there 
any  creature  that  is  not  manifeft 
in  his  fight;  but  all  things  are 
naked  and  opened  unto  the  eyes 
of  him  with  whom  we  have  to  do. 
Pfal.  cxlvii.  5.  Great  is  our  Lord, 


and  of  great  power :  his  under- 
ftanding  is  infinite. 

*■  Rom.  xvi.  27.  To  God  only 
wife,  be  glory  through  JefusChriit 
for  ever.  Amen. 

^  Ifa.  vi.  3.  And  one  cried  unto 
another,  and  faid,  Holy,  holy, 
holy  is  the  Lord  of  hofts ;  the 
whole  earth  is  full  of  his  glory. 
Rev.  XV.  4.  Who  fljall  not  fear 
thee,  O  Lord,  and  glorify  thy 
name  ?  for  thou  only  art  holy  : 
for  all  nations  ihall  come  and 
worftiip  before  thee ;  for  thy  judg- 
ments are  made  manifeft. 

^Deut.  xxxii.  4.  He  is  the  Rock, 
his  work  is  perfeft;  for  all  his 
ways  are  judgment:  a  God  of 
truth,-  and  without  iniquity,  juft 
and  right  is  he. 

'Exod.  xxxiv.  6.  And  the  Lord 
palfed  by  before  him,  and  pro- 
claimed. The  Lord,  the  Lord  God, 
merciful  and  gracious-,  long-fuf- 
fering,  and  abundant  in  goodnefs 
and  truth. 

8.  ^  Deut.  vi.  4.  Hear,  O  Ifrael, 
The  Lord  our  God  is  one  Lord. 
I  Cor.  viii. 4. Asconcerning, there- 
fore, the  eating  of  thofe  things 
that  are  offered  in  facrifice  unto 
idols,  we  know  that  an  idol  is 
nothing  in  the  world,  and  that 
there  is  none  other  God  bnt  one. 
V.  6.  But  to  us  there  is  but  one 
God,  the  Father,  of  whom  are  all 
things,  and  we  in  him ;  and  one 
Lord  Jefus  Chrift,  by  whom  are 
all  things,  and  we  by  him.  Jer. 
x.  10.  But  the  Lord  is  the  true 
God,  he  is  the  living  God,  and  an 
everlafting 


The  Larger  Catechiftn, 


183 


Q^ 9.  How  many  perfons  are  there  in  the  Godhead? 

A.  There  be  three  perfons  in  the  Godhead,  the  Father, 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghoil ;  and  thefe  tliree  are  one  t'*ue, 
eternal  God,  the  fame  in  fubflance,  equal  in  power  and  glory; 
although  diflinguillied  by  their  perfonal  properties  \ 

Q^  10.  What  are  the  perfonal  properties  of  the  three  perfons 
in  the  Godhead  P 

A.  It  is  proper  to  the  Father  to  beget  the  Son  "^,  and  to  the 
Son  to  be  begotten  of  the  Father  ",  and  to  the  Holy  Gholt 
to  proceed  from  the  Father  and  the  Son  from,  all  eternity  °. 

Q^  II.  Hoiv  doth  it  appear  that  the  Son  and  the  Holy  Ghofl 
are  God  equal  vjith  the  Father  ? 

A,  The  fcriptures  manifeft  that  the  Son  and  the  Holy 

Ghoft  are  Cod  equal  with  the  Father,  afcribing  unto  them 

«  fucti 


everlafting  King  :  at  his  \vrath 
the  earth  (hall  tremble,  and  the 
nations  fliall  not  be  able  to  abide 
his  indignation. 

9.^1  John  V.  7.  For  there  are 
three  that  bear  record  in  heaven, 
the  Father,  the  Word,  and  the 
Holy  Ghoft  :  and  thefe  three  are 
one.  Mat.  iii.  16.  And  Jefiis, 
when  he  was  baptized,  went  up 
ftraightway  outof  the  water:  and, 
lo,  the  heavens  were  opened  un- 
to him,  and  he  faw  the  Spirit  of 
God  defcending  like  a  dove,  and 
lighting  upon  him.  V.  17.  And, 
lo,  a  voice  from  heaven,  faying. 
This  is  my  beloved  Son,  in  whom 
lamwellpleafed.  Mat.  xxviii.19. 
Go  ye,  therefore,  and  teach  all 
nations,  baptizing  them  in  the 
name  of  the  Father,  and  of  the 
Son,  and  of  the  Holy  Ghoft.  2  Cor. 
xiii.  14.  The  grace  of  the  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift,  and  the  love  of  God, 
and  the  communion  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft,  be  with  you  all.  Amen. 
Johnx.  30. 1  and  my  Father  are  one. 

10.  '"  Heb.  i.  5.  For  unto  which 
of  the  angels  faid  he  at  any  time, 
Thou  art  my  Son,  this  day  have  I 


begotten  thee  ?  And  again,  I  will 
be  to  him  a  Father,  and  he  fhall 
be  to  me  a  Son.  V.  6.  And  again, 
when  he  bringeth  in  the  firft-be- 
gotten  into  the  world,  he  faith, 
And  let  all  the  angels  of  God 
worlhiphim.  V.  8.  But  unto  the 
Son  he  faith,  Thy  throne,  O  God, 
is  for  ever  and  ever;  a  fceptre  of 
righteoufnefs  is  the  fceptre  of  thy 
kingdom. 

"John  i.  14.  And  the  Word  was 
made  flefh,  and  dwelt  among  us, 
(and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the 
glory  as  of  the  only  begotten  of 
the  Father,)  full  of  grace  and 
truth.  V.  18.  No  man  hath  {0.^x1 
God  at  any  time  ;  the  only  begot- 
ten Son,  which  is  in  the  bofom 
of  the  Father,  he  hath  declared 
him. 

°  John  XV.  26.  Rut  when  the 
Comforter  is  come,  whom  I  will 
fend  unto  you  from  the  Father, 
even  the  Spirit  of  truth,  which 
proceedeth  from  the  Father,  he 
Ihall  teftify  of  me.  Gal.  iv.  6. 
And  becaufeye  are  fens,  God  hath 
fent  forth  the  Spirit  of  his  Son  into 
your  hearts,  crying,  Abba,Father. 
ii.Mfa. 


i84 


I'he  Larger  Catechifm, 


fucli  names  ?,  attributes  i,  works  ^,  and  worfliip  ',  as  are  pro- 
per to  God  only. 

Q:  12.  What  are  the  decrees  of  God  ? 

A,  God's  decrees  are  the  wife,  free,  and  holy  a^ls  of  the 
counfel  of  his  will  %  whereby,  from  all  eternity,  he  hath,  for 

his 

I  r .  P  Ifa.  vi.  3.  And  one  cried 
unto  another,  and  fald.  Holy, 
holy,  holy  is  the  Lord  of  hofts; 
the  whole  earth  is  full  of  his 
glory.  V.  5.  ThenfaidI,  Woe 
is  me !  for  I  am  undone ;  becaufe 
I  am  a  man  of  unclean  lips  :  and 
I  dwell  in  the  midft  of  a  people 
of  unclean  lips  :  for  mine  eyes 
have  feen  the  King,  the  Lord  of 
hofts.  V.  8.  Alfo  I  heard  the 
voice  of  the  Lord,  faying,  Whom 
fljall  I  fend,  and  who  will  go  for 
us?  Then  faid  I,  Here  am  I,  fend 
me.  Compared  xvith  John  xii .  41 . 
Thefe  things  faid  Efaias,  when 
he  faw  his  glory,  and  fpake  of 
him.  And  with  Actsxxviii.  25. 
And  when  they  agreed  not  among 
themfelves  they  departed,  after 
that  Paul  had  fpoken  one  word, 
W^ell  fpake  the  Holy  Glioil  by 
Efaias  the  prophet  unto  our  fa- 
thers. I  John  V.  20.  And  we 
knowthattheSonof  God  is  come, 
and  hath  given  us  an  underlland- 
ing  that  we  may  know  him  that 
is  true :  and  we  are  in  him 
that  is  true,  even  in  his  Son  Jefus 
Chrift.  This  is  the  true  God, 
and  eternal  life.  Afts  v.  3.  But 
Peter  faid,  Ananias,  why  hath 
Satan  filled  thine  heart  to  lye  to 
the  Holy  Ghoft,  and  to  keep  back 
part  of  the  price  of  the  land  ? 
V.  4.  Whiles  it  remained,  was 
it  not  thine  own  ?  and  after  it 
was  fold,  was  it  not  in  thine  own 
power  ?  why  haft  thou  conceived 
this  thing  in  thine  heart  ?  thou 
haft  not  lyed  unto  men,  but  unto 
God. 


^  John  i.  I.  In  the  beginning 
was  the  Word,  and  the  Word 
was  with  God,  and  the  Word 
was  God.  Ifa.  ix.  6.  For  unto 
us  a  child  is  born,  unto  us  a  Son 
is  given,  and  the  government 
fliall  be  upon  his  (lioulder  :  and 
his  name  fhall  be  called  Wonder- 
ful, Counfellor,  The  mighty  God, 
The  everlafting  Father,  The 
Prince  of  peace. *John  ii.24.  But 
Jefus  did  not  commit  himfelf  unto 
them,  becaufe  he  knew  all  men: 
V.  25.  And  needed  not  that  any 
fhould  teftify  of  man  ;  for  he 
knew  what  was  in  man.  i  Cor. 
ii.  10.  But  God  hath  revealed 
them  unto  us  by  his  Spirit:  for 
the  Spirit  fearcheth  all  things, 
yea,  the  deep  things  of  God.  V.  1 1 . 
For  what  man  knoweth  the  things 
of  a  man,  fave  the  fpirit  of  man 
that  is  in  him?  even  fo  the  things 
of  God  knoweth  no  man,  but  the 
Spirit  of  God. 

'^Col.i.  16.  For  by  him  were  all 
things  created  that  are  in  heaven, 
and  that  are  in  earth,  vihble  and 
invifible,  whetherthey  be  thrones, 
or  dominions,  or  principalities, 
or  powers :  all  things  were  crea- 
ted by  him,  and  for  him.  Gen. 1.2. 
And  the  earth  was  without  lorrn, 
and  void  ;  and  darknefs  was 
upon  the  face  of  the  deep  :  and 
the  Spirit  of  God  moved  upon  the 
face  of  the  waters. 

'Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Go  ye,  there- 
fore, and  teach  all  nations,  bapti- 
zing them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of 
the  Holy  Ghoft,  2  Cor,  xiii.  i4» 
The 


The  Larger  Caiechifm. 


185 


his  own  glory,  unchangeably  fore-ordained  whatfoever  comes 
to  pafs  in  time  %  efpecially  concerning  angels  and  men. 

(i  13.  IVbnt  hath  God  efpecially  decreed  concernifig  angels 
and  men  ? 

A.  God,  by  an  eternal  and  immutable  decree,  out  of  his 
mere  love,  for  the  praife  of  his  glorious  grace,  to  be  mani- 
fcfted  in  due  time,  hath  eleded  fome  angels  to  glory  ^  ;  and, 
in  Chriil:,  hath  chofen  fome  men  to  eternal  life,  and  the 
means  thereof  ^ :  and  alfo,  according  to  his  fovereign  power, 

and 


TIiegraceoftheLordJefusChrift, 
and  the  love  of  God,  and  the  com- 
munion of  the  Holy  Ghofl,  be 
\vith  you  all.     Amen. 

12.  '  Eph.  i.  ir.  In  whom  alfo 
we  have  obtained  an  inheriiiance, 
being  predeftinated  accorc^g  to 
the  purpofe  of  him  who  w^rketh 
all  things  after  the  counfel  of 
his  own  will.  Rom.  xi.  33.  O 
the  depth  of  the  riches  both  of 
the  wifdom  and  knowledge  of 
God!  how  unfearchable  are  his 
judgments,  and  his  ways  paft  find- 
ing out?  Rom.  ix.  14.  Whatftiall 
we  fay  then  ?  Is  there  unrigh- 
teoufnefs  with  God?  God  forbid. 
V.  15.  For  he  faith  to  Mofes,  I 
will  have  mercy  on  whom  I  will 
have  mercy,  and  I  will  have  com- 
panion on  whom  I  will  have  com- 
panion. V.18.  Therefore  hath  he 
mercy  on  whomhe  will  havemercy, 
and  whom  he  will  he  hardeneth. 

^  B..pb.i.4.  According  as  he  hath 
chofen  us  in  him  before  the  foun- 
dation of  the  world,  that  we 
fliouldbeholy,  andwithoutblame 
before  him  in  love.  V.  11.  In 
whom  alfo  we  have  obtained  an 
inheritance,  being  predeftinpted 
according  to  the  purpofe  of  him 
who  worketh  all  things  after  the 
counfel  of  his  own  will.  Rom. 
ix.  22.  What  if  God,  willing  to 
Ihew  his  wrath,  and  to  make  his 
power  known,  endured  with  much 


long-fuffering  the  veflels  of  wrath 
fitted  to  deftruftion  :  V.  23.  And 
that  he  might  make  known  the 
riches  of  his  glory  on  the  veflels 
of  mercy,  which  he  had  afore 
prepart'dunto  glory?  Pfal.xxxiii. 
1 1 .  The  counfel  oftlie  Lord  ftand- 
eth  for  ever,  the  thoughts  of  his 
heart  to  all  generations. 

1  ^.  "^  I  Tim.  v.  2 1 .  I  charge  thee 
before  God,  and  the  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift,  and  the  eleft  angels,  that 
thou  obferve  thefe  things,  with- 
out preferring  one  before  aiK)- 
ther,  doing  nothing  by  partiality. 

"  Eph.  i.  4.  According  as  he 
hath  chofen  us  in  him  before  the 
foundation  of  the  world,  that  we 
fliouldbeholy,  and  without  blame 
before  him  in  love  :  V.  5.  Having 
predeflinated  us  unto  the  adop- 
tion of  children  by  Jefus  Chrift 
to  himfelf,  according  to  the  good 
pleafure  of  his  will,  V.  6.  Ta 
the  praife  of  the  glory  of  his 
grace,  wherein  he  hath  made  us 
accepted  in  the  Beloved.  2TheiT. 
ii.  13.  But  we  are  bound  to  give 
thanks  alway  to  God  for  you, 
brethren,  beloved  of  the  Lord, 
becaufe  God  hath  from  the  be- 
ginning chofen  you  to  falvation, 
through  fanaification  of  the  Spi- 
rit, and  belief  of  the  truth:  V.  14. 
Whereunto  he  called  you  by  our 
gofpel,  to  the  obtaining  of  the 
glory  of  the  Lord  Jefus  Chrift. 
'  Rom. 


1 86 


Tht  Larger  Catechifm. 


and  the  iinfearchable  counfel  of  liis  own  will,  (whereby  he 
extendeth  or  uitli-holdeth  favour  as  he  pleafeth,)  hath  pafled 
by  and  fore-ordained  the  rell  to  difhonour  and  wrath,  to  be 
for  their  fin  infiided,  to  the  praife  of  the  glory  of  his 
juflice  y. 

Q.  14.  How  doth  God  execute  his  decrees? 

A.  God  executeth  his  decrees  in  the  works  of  creation  and 
providence,  according  to  his  infallible  foreknowledge,  and 
the  free  ajid  immutable  counfel  of  his  own  will  ^ 

Q^  15.  What  is  the  tvork  of  creation  P 

A  The  work  of  creation  is  that  wherein  God  did  in  the 
beginning,  by  the  word  of  his  power,  make  of  nothing  the 
world,  and  all  things  therein,  for  hinifelf,  within  the  fpace  of 
fix  days,  and  all  very  good  *. 

Q^  16.  Hoio 


'^  Romf  ix.  17.  For  the  fcrip- 
ture  faith  unto  Pharaoh,  Even 
for  this  fame  purpofe  have  I  raifed 
thee  up,  that  I  might  fhew  my 
power  in  thee,  and  that  my  name 
might  be  declared  throughout  all 
the  earth.  V.  18.  Therefore  hath 
he  mercy  on  whom  he  will  have 
mercy,     and  whom  he   will  he 
hardeneth.     V.  2 1 .  Hath  not  the 
potter   power  over  the  clay,    of 
the  fame  lump  to  make  one  vef- 
fel  unto  honour,  and  another  un- 
to diflionour  ?    V.   22.   What  if 
Cod^  willing  to  fliew  his  wrath, 
and  to  make  his  power  known, 
endured  with  muchlong-fuffcring 
the  velTels  of  wrath  fitted  to  de- 
ftru£lionr  Mat.  xi.  25.  At  that  time 
Jefus  anfwered,  and  fa  id,  I  thank 
thee,    O  Father,    Lord  of  hea- 
ven and  earth,  becaufe  thou  haft: 
hid  thefe  things  from  the  wife 
and  prudent,   and  haft  revealed 
them  unto  babes.     V.  26.  Even 
fo,  Father,  for  fo  it  feemed  good 
in  thy  fight.     2  Tim.  ii.  20.   But 
in  a  great  houfe  there  are   not 
only  veffels  of  gold,  and  of  filver, 
but  alfo  of  wood,  and  of  earth ; 


and  fome  to  honour,  and  fome  t<y 
diflionour.  Jude,  Ver.  4.  For 
there  are  certain  men  crept  in 
unawares,  who  were  before  of 
old  ordained  to  this  condemna- 
tion, ungodly  men,  turning  the 
grace  of  our  God  into  lafcivi- 
oufnefs,  and  denying  the  only 
Lord  God,  and  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift.  I  Pet.  ii.  8.  And  a  ftone 
of  ftumbling,  and  a  rock  of  of- 
fence, even  to  them  which  ftumble 
at  the  word,  being  difobedient, 
whereunto  alfo  they  were  ap- 
pointed. 

14.  ^Eph.  i.  II.  In  whom  alfo 
we  have  obtained  an  inherit- 
ance, being  predeftinated  accord- 
ing to  the  purpofe  of  him  who 
worketh  all  things  after  the  coun- 
fel of  his  own  will. 

15.  *  [Gen.  Chapter  i.]  Heb. 
xi.  3.  Through  faith  we  under- 
ftand  that  the  worlds  were  framed 
by  the  word  of  God,  fo  that  things 
which  are  feen  were  not  made  of 
things  which  do  appear.  Prov. 
xvi.  4.  The  Lord  hath  made  all 
things  for  himfelf ;  yea,  even  the 
wicked  for  the  day  of  evil. 

16.  bCoU 


The  Larger  Catechifm, 


187 


Q.  16.  How  did  God  create  angels  ?  \ 

A,  God  created  all  the  angels  ^  Ipirits*^ ,  immortal^, holy  %  ex- 
celling in  knowledge  *",  mighty  in  power  e,  to  execute  his  com- 
jtiandments,  and  to  praifehis  name  '»,  yet  fubjed  to  change  '. 
,  Q^  1 7.  Hot)  did  God  create  man  t" 

A.  After  God  had  made  all  other  creatures  he  created 
man  male  and  female'' ;  formed  the  body  of  the  man  of  the  dud 
of  the  ground  ',  and  the  woman  of  the  rib  of  the  man  '« ;  en- 
dued them  with  living,  reafonable,  and  immortal  fouls » \  made 

them 


16.  *•  Col.  i.  16.  For  by  him 
were  all  things  created  that  are 
in  heaven,  and  that  are  m  earth, 
vifible  and  invifible,  whether 
they  be  thrones,  or  dominions,  or 
principahties,  or  powers  :  all 
things  were  created  by  him,  and 
for  him. 

^  Pfal.  civ.  4.  Who  maketh  his 
angels  fpirits  j  his  minifters  a 
flaming  tire. 

«*  Mat.  xxii.  30.  For  in  the 
TPfurreclion  they  neither  marry, 
nor  are  given  in  marriage  ;  but 
areas  theangelsof  God  in  heaven. 

*  Mat.  XXV.  31 .  When  the  Son 
of  man  (hall  come  in  his  glory, 
and  all  the  holy  angels  with  him, 
then  fhall  he  fit  upon  the  throne 
of  his  glory. 

*■  2  Sam.  xiv.  17.  Then  thine 
liand-maid  faid,  The  word  of  my 
lord  the  king  Ihall  now  be  com- 
fortable: for  as  an  angel  of  God, 
fo  is  my  lord  the  king  to  difcern 
good  and  bad  :  therefore  the  Lord 
thy  God  will  be  with  thee.  Mat. 
xxiv.  36.  But  of  that  day  and 
hour  knoweth  no  man,  no,  not 
the  angels  of  heaven,  but  my 
Father  only. 

^aThelT.i.y.  And  to  you  who  are 
troubled  reft  with  us,  when  the 
Lord  Jefus  iliall  be  revealed  from 
heaven,  with  his  mighty  angels. 

"  Pfal.  ciii.  20.  Blefs  the  Lord, 
ye  his  angels,  that  excel  in  ftrength, 


that  do  his  commandments,  hear- 
kening unto  the  voice  of  his  word. 
V.  21.  Blefs  ye  the  Lord,  all  ye 
his  hofts ;  ye  minifters  of  his  that 
do  his  pleafure. 

"2  Pet.  ii.  4.  For  ifGodfpared 
not  the  angels  that  fmned,  but 
caft  them  down  to  hell,  and  de- 
livered them  into  chains  of  dark- 
nefs,  to  be  referved  unto  judg- 
ment. 

17.  J' Gen.  i.  27.  So  God  crea- 
ted man  in  his  own  image,  in  the 
image  of  Cod  created  he  him ; 
male  and  female  created  he  them. 

'  Gen.  ii.  7.  And  the  Lord  God 
formed  man  of  the  duft  of  the 
ground,  and  breathed  into  his 
noftrils  the  breath  of  life. 

""  Gen.  ii.  22.  And  the  rib, 
which  the  Lord  God  had  taken 
from  man,  made  he  a  woman, 
and  brought  her  unto  the  man. 

"  Gen.  ii.  7.  And  the  Lord  God 
formed  man  of  the  duft  of  the 
ground,  and  breathed  into  his 
noftrils  the  breath  of  life  :  and 
man  became  a  living  foul.  Com.' 
pared  with  Job  xxxv.  1 1 .  Who 
teacheth  us  more  than  the  beafts 
of  th^  earth,  and  maketh  us  wifef 
than  the  fowls  of  heaven.  And 
with  Eccl.  xii.  7.  Then  fliall  the 
duft  return  to  the  earth  as  it  was ; 
and  the  fpirit  fhall  return  unto 
God  who  gave  it.  And  with 
Mat.  X.  28.  AncLfear  not  them 
which 


i83 


7he  Larger  Catechifmi. 


thein  after  his  own  image  ",  in  knowledge  p,  righteourntfs, 
and  holinefs  t  ;  having  the  law  of  God  written  in  their  hearts  ^, 
and  power  to  fulfil  it  ',  with  dominion  over  the  creatures  ^ ; 
yet  fubjcd;  to  fall  % 

CX  18.  What  are  GotVs  ivorh  of  providence  ? 

A.  God's  \vorks  cf  providence  are  his  mofl  holy  ^% 
wife  ^f   and  powerful  prefemng  /  and  governing  ^  all  his 

creatures ; 


which  can  kill  the  body,  but  are 
not  able  to  kill  the  foul:  but 
rather  fear  him  which  is  able  to 
deftroy  both  foul  and  body  in 
hell.  And  with  Luke  xxiii.  43. 
And  Jefus  faid  unto  him,  Verily 
I  fay  unto  thee,  To-day  flialt 
thou  be  with  me  in  paradife. 

"  Gen.  i.  27.  So  God  created 
man  in  his  own  image,  in  the 
image  of  God  created  he  him  : 
male  and  female  created  he  them. 

*  Col.  iii.  10.  And  have  put  on 
the  new  man,  which  is  renewed 
hi  knowledge,  after  the  image  of 
him  that  created  him. 

^  Eph.  iv.  24.  And  that  ye  put 
on  the  new  man,  which  after 
God  is  created  in  rlghteoufnefs 
and  true  holinefs. 

''  Rom,  ii.  14.  For  when  the 
Gentiles,  which  liave  not  the  law, 
do  by  nature  the  things  contained 
in  the  law,  thefe  having  not  the 
law,  are  a  law  unto  themfelves  : 
V.  15.  Which  fliew  the  work  of 
the  law  written  in  their  hearts, 
their  confcience  alfo  bearing  wit- 
nefs,  and  their  thoughts  the  mean 
while  accufmg  or  elfe  exculing 
one  another. 

*  Keel.  vii.  29.  Lo,  this  only 
have  I  found,  that  God  hath 
made  man  upright  j  but  they  have 
fought  out  many  inventions. 

'  Gen.  i.  28.  And  God  blefled 
them;  and  God  faid  unro  them, 
Be  fruitful,  and  multiply,  and 
replcniUi  the  earth,  and  fubdue 


it :  and  have  dominion  over  the 
fifn  of  the  fea,  and  over  the  fowl 
of  the  air,  and  over  every  living 
thing  that  moveth  upon  the  earth. 

"  Gen.  iii.  6.  And  when  the 
woman  faw  that  the  tree  was 
good  for  food,  and  that  it  was 
pleafant  to  the  eyes,  and  a  tree 
to  be  defired  to  make  one  wife; 
fhe  took  of  the  fruit  thereof,  and 
did  eat,  and  gave  alfo  unto  her 
hufband  with  her;  and  he  did 
eat.  Eccl.  vii.  29.  Lo,  this  only 
have  I  found,  that  God  hath  made 
man  uprigli  t;  but  they  have  fought 
out  many  inventions. 

18.  ^  Pfal.  cxlv.  17.  The  Lord 
is  righteous  in  all  his  ways,  and 
holy  in  all  his  works. 

*  Pfal.  civ.  24.  O  Lord,  how 
manifold  are  thy  works  I  in  M'if- 
dom  haft  thou  made  them  all  : 
the  earth  is  full  of  thy  riches. 
Ifa.  xxviii.  29.  This  alfo  cometh 
forth  from  the  Lord  of  holts, 
which  is  wonderful  in  counfel, 
and  excellent  in  working. 

^  Heb.  i.  3.  Who  being  the 
brightnefs  of  his  glory,  and  the 
exprefs  image  of  his  perfon,  and 
upholding  all  things  by  the  word 
of  his  power,  when  he  had  by 
himfelf  purged  our  fnis,  fat  down 
on  the  right  hand  of  the  Majeily 
on  high. 

^  Pfal.  ciii.  19.  The  Lord  hath 
prepared  his  throne  in  the  hea- 
vens :  and  ijis  kingdom  ruleth 
over  all, 

*  iMat. 


The  Larger  Catechlfm* 


189 


creatures;  ordering  them,  and  all  their  adioiis  s  to  his  o^vn 

glory  ^ 

Q^  19.  What  is  Go(Ps providence  towards  the  angels  P 
A.  God  by  his  providence  permitted  fome  of  the  angels, 
wilfully  and  irrecoverably,  to  fall  into  fm  and  damnation  ^-, 
limiiingand  ordering  that,  and  all  their  fms,  to  his  own  glory*; 
aiid  eflablifhed  the  reft  in  holinefs  and  happinefs « ;  employ- 
ins:  them  all  S  at  his  pleafure-,  in  the  adiuiniilr  ation  of  his 

(i  20    What 

the  beginning,  and  abode  not  in 
the  truth,  becaufe  there  is  no 
truth  in  him.  When  he  fpeaketh 
a  iye,  he  fpeaketh  of  his  own:  for 
he  is  a  lyar,  and  the  father  of  it. 

^  Job  i.  12.  And  the  Lord  faid 
unto  Satan,  Behold,  all  that  he 
hath  is  in  thy  power,  only  upon 
himfelf  put  not  forth  thine  hand. 
So  Satan  went  forth  from  the 
prefenceoftheLord.  Mat  viii.31. 
So  the  devils  befought  him,  fay- 
ing, If  thou  caft  us  out,  futfer 
us  to  go  away  into  the  herd  of 
fwine. 

•^  I  Tim.  V.  21.  I  charge  thee 
before  God,  and  the  Lord  Jefus 
Chriil,  and  the  elect  angels,  that 
thou  obfervethefe  tilings,  without 
preferring  one  before  another, 
doing  nothing  by  partiality.  Mark 
viii.  3S  Whofoever,  therefore, 
(liall  be  afliamed  of  me,  and  of 
mv  words,   in  this  adulterous  and 


po>.ver,  mercy,  and  juftice  s. 

*Mat.  X.  29.  Are  not  two  fpar- 
rows  fold  for  a  farthing  ?  and  one 
of  themftiall  not  fall  on  the  ground 
without  your  Father.  V.  30.  But 
-the  very  hairs  of  your  head  are 
all  numbered.  V.  31.  Fear  ye 
not,  therefore,  ye.  are  of  more 
value  than  many  fparrows.  Gen. 
xlv.  7.  And  God  fent  me  before 
you,  to  preferve  you  a  pofterity 
in  the  earth,  and  to  fave  your  Hves 
by  a  groat  deliverance. 

^  Rom.  xi.  36.  For  of  him,  and 
,  through  him,  and  to  him,  are  all 
things,  to  whom  be  glory  for  ever. 
Amen.  Ifa.  Ixiii.  14.  As  a  beaft 
goeth  down  into  the  valley,  the 
Spirit  of  the  Lord  caufed  him  to 
I  reil ;  fo  didltthou  lead  thy  people, 
1  to  make  thyfelf  a  glorious  name. 
19.  "'  Jude,  Ver.  6.  And  the 
angels  which  kept  not  their  firfl 
eftate,  but  left  their  own  habi- 
tation, he  hath  referved  in  ever- 
iarting  chains  under  darknefs, 
unto  the  judgment  of  the  great 
day.  2  Pet.  ii.  4.  For  if  God 
fpared  not  the  angels  that  fmned, 
but  caft  them  down  to  hell,  and 
delivered  them  into  chains  of 
darknefs,  to  be  referved  unto 
judgment.  Heb.  ii.  16.  For  ve- 
i-ily  he  took  not  on  him  the  nature 
of  angels ,  but  he  took  on  him  the 
feed  of  Abraham.  John  viii.  44. 
Ye  are  of  your  fathci  the  devil, 
and  the  lufts  of  your  father  ye 
will  do ;  he  was  a  murderer  from 


fmful  generation,  of  him  alfo 
(hall  the  Son  of  man  be  afnamed, 
when  he  cometh  in  the  glory  of 
hi?  Father,  with  the  holy  angels. 
Heb.  xii.  22.  But  ye  are  come 
unto  mount  Sion,  and  unto  the 
city  of  the  living  God,  the  hea- 
vt.n!y  j-.iufalcm,  and  to  an  innu- 
merable company  of  angels. 

f  Pfal.  fiv.  4.  Who  maketh  his 
angels  fpints  ;  his  mjnifters  a 
flaming  fire. 

'=.2  Kings  xix.  35.  And  it  came 
to  pufs  that  night,  that  the  angel 

of 


ipo  The  Larger  Catechlfm, 

Q^  20.  What  vj'as  the  providence  of  God  toward  mm  in  the 
ejlate  in  ivhich  he  was  created? 

A.  The  providence  of  God  toward  man  in  the  eft  ate  in 
which  he  was  created,  was  the  placing  him  in  paradife,  ap- 
pomting  him  to  drefs  it,  giving  hhn  liberty  to  eat  of  the 
fruit  of  the  earth'';  putting  the  creatures  under  his  dominion ', 
and  ordaining  marriage  for  his  help  ^ ;  affording  him  com- 
munion with  himfelf';  inftituting  the  fabbath"*;  entering 
into  a  covenant  of  life  with  liim,  upon  condition  of  perfonal, 

perfed, 


of  the  Lord  went  out,  and  fmote 
in  the  camp  of  the  Aflyrians  an 
hundred  fourfcore  and  five  thou- 
fand  :  and,  when  they  arofe  early 
in  the  morning,  behold,  they 
were  all  dead  corpfes.  Heb.  i. 
T4.  Are  they  not  all  mlniflering 
fpirits,  fent  forth  to  minifter  for 
them  who  (hall  be  heirs  of  falva- 
tion  ? 

20.  ^  Gen.  ii.  8.  And  the  Lord 
God  planted  a  garden  eaft-ward 
in  Eden;  and  there  he  put  the 
man  whom  he  had  formed.  N.is. 
And  the  Lord  God  took  the  man, 
and  put  him  into  the  garden  of 
Eden,  to  drefs  it,  and  to  keep  it. 
V.  16.  And  the  Lord  God  com- 
manded the  man,  faying,  Of  every 
tree  of  the  garden  thou  mayelt 
freely  eat. 

•  Gen.  i.  28.  And  God  blefled 
them;  and  God  faid  unto  them, 
Be  fruitful,  and  multiply,  and 
replenifh  the  earth,  and  fubdue 
it :  and  have  dominion  over  the 
fi(h  of  the  fea,  and  over  the 
fowl  of  the  air,  and  over  every 
living  thing  that  moveth  upon  the 
earth. 

k  Gen.  ii.  18.  And  the  Lord  God 
faid,  It  is  not  good  that  the  man 
fliould  be  alone ;  I  will  make  iiim 
an  help  meet  for  him. 

•  Gen.  i.  26.  And  God  faid,  Let 
U8  make  man  ia  our  image,  after 


our  likenefs :  and  let  them  have 
dominion  over  the  fifh  of  the  fea, 
and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air,  and 
over  the  cattle,  and  over  all  the 
earth,  and  over  every  creeping 
thing  that  creepeth  upon  the 
earth.  V.  27.  So  God  created  man 
in  his  own  image,  in  the  image  of 
God  created  he  him :  male  and 
female  created  he  them.  V.  28. 
And  God  blelfed  them ;  and  God 
faid  unto  them.  Be  fruitful,  and 
multiply,  and  replenifh  the  earth, 
and  fubdue  it:  and  have  domi- 
nion over  the  fifli  of  the  fea,  and 
over  the  fowl  of  the  air,  and  over 
every  living  thing  that  moveth 
upon  the  earth.  V.  29.  And  God 
faid,  Behold,  I  have  given  you 
every  herb  bearing  feed,  which  is 
upon  the  face  of  all  the  earth,  and 
every  tree  in  the  which  is  the 
fruit  of  a  tree  yielding  feed:  to 
you  it  Ihall  be  for  meat.  Gen. 
iii.  8.  And  they  heard  the  voice  of 
the  Lord  God  walking  in  the 
garden  in  the  cool  of  the  day  :  and 
Adam  and  his  wife  hid  themfelves 
from  the  prefence  of  the  Lord 
God  amongil  the  trees  of  the  gar- 
den. 

'"  Gen.  ii.  3.  And  God  blefied 
the  feventh  day,  and  fanftified  it : 
becaufe  that  in  it  he  had  relted 
from  all  his  work,  which  God 
created  and  made. 

"GaL 


fhe  Larger  Catecblfm*  191 

perfect,  and  perpetual  obedience  %  of  which  the  tree  of  life 
was  a  pledge  '> ;  and  forbidding  to  eat  of  the  tree  of  the 
knowledge  of  good  and  evil  upon  the  pain  of  deaths. 

Q^  21 .  Did  man  continue  in  that  eft  ate  luherein  God  at  firft 
created  him  ? 

A.  Our  firft  parents  being  left  to  the  freedom  of  their  own 
will,  through  the  temptation  of  Satan,  tranrgrefled  the  com- 
mandment of  God  in  eating  the  forbidden  fruit ;  and  thereby 
fell  from  the  eftate  of  innocency  wherein  they  were  created  <!. 

Q^  22.  Did  ail  mankind  fall  in  that  firft  tranfgreffionP 

A,  The  covenant  being  made  with  Adam  as  a  publick  per- 
fon,  not  for  himfelf  only,  but  for  his  pofterity,  all  mankind 
defcending  from  him  by  ordinary  generation  '  Tinned  in  him, 
and  fell  with  hmi,  in  that  firft  tranigrefhon  '.        o  2^  Into 


•  "  Gal.  iii.  12.  And  the  law  is 
■not  of  faith :  but,  The  man  that 
doeth  them  fliall  live  in  them. 
Rom.  X.  3.  For  IVIofes  defcribeth 
the  righteoufnefs  which  is  of  the 
law,  That  the  man  which  doeth 
•thofe  things  (hall  live  by  them. 

°  Gew.  ii.  9.  And  out  of  the 
ground  made  the  Lord  God  to 
grow  every  tree  that  is  pleafant  to 
the  fight,  and  good  for  food  :  the 
-tree  of  life  alfo  in  the  midft  of  the 
garden,  and  the  tree  of  knowledge 
of  good  and  evil. 
;  PGen.  ii.  ry.  But  of  the  tree  of 
!  the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil, 
thou  (halt  not  eat  of  it :  for  in  the 
day  that  thou  eatefl:  thereof  thou 
Ihalt  furely  die.    , 

21.  "^  Gen.  iii.  6.  And  when  the 
woman  faw  that  the  tree  was  good 
for  food,  and  that  it  was  pleafant 
to  the  eyes,  and  a  ti'ee  to  be  de- 
iired  to  make  one  wife ;  fhe  took 
ijK^the  fruit  thereof,  and  did  eat, 
'^pd  gave  alfo  unto  her  hufband 
With  her;  and  he  did  eat.  V.  7. 
And  the  eyes  of  them  both  were 
opened,  and  they  knew  that  they 
were  naked;  and  they  fewed  ftg- 
leaves  together,  and  made  them- 


felves  aprons.  V.  8.  And  they 
heard  the  voice  of  the  Lord  God 
walking  in  the  garden  in  the  cool 
of  the  day :  and  Adam  and  his 
wife  hid  themfelves  from  the  pre- 
fence  of  the  Lord  God  amongft 
the  trees  of  the  garden.  V.  13. 
And  the  Lord  God  faid  unto  the 
woman,  What  is  this  that  thou 
haft  done  ?  And  the  woman  faid. 
The  ferpent  beguiled  me,  and  I 
did  eat.  Eccl.  vii.  29.  Lo,  this 
only  have  I  found,  that  God  made 
man  upright ;  but  they  have  fought 
out  many  inventions.  2  Cor.  xi.  3. 
But  I  fear,  left  by  any  means,  as 
the  ferpent  beguiled  Eve  through 
hisfubtilety,  fo  your  minds  fliould 
be  corrupted  from  the  fimplicity 
that  is  in  Chrift. 

22.  '"Acts  xvii.  26.  And  hath 
made  of  one  blood  all  nations  of 
men,  for  to  dwell  on  all  the  face 
of  the  earth;  and  hath  determined 
the  times  before  appointed,  and 
the  bounds  of  their  habitation. 

*  Gen.  ii.  16.  And  the  Lord  God^ 
commanded  the  man,  Hiying,  Of 
every  tree  of  the  garden  thou 
mayeft  freely  eat :  V .  1 7 .  But  of 
the  tree  of  the  knowledge  of  good 

and 


1 92  The  Larger  Catechlfm. 

Q^  23.  Into  -vjbat  eft  ate  did  the  fall  bring  manki?id  ? 

A.  The  fall  brought  mankind  into  an  eflate  of  fin  and 
mifery  ^ 

0^24.  What  is  fin  P 

A.  Sin  is  any  want  of  conformity  unto,  or  tranfgrellion  of, 
any  law  of  God,  given  as  a  rule  to  the  reafonable  creature  *. 

Q^  25.  Wherein  confefteth  the  finfulnefs  of  that  eft  ate  ivhere^ 
into  man  fell  ? 

A,  The  finfulnefs  of  that  eflate  whereinto  man  fell,  con- 
fifleth  in  the  guilt  of  Adam's  fii-ft  fm  ^,  the  wnnt  of  that  righ- 
teoufnefs  wherein  he  was  created,  and  the  corruption  of  his 
nature,  whereby  he  is  utterly  indifpofed,  difabled,  and  made 
oppofite  unto  all  that  is  fplritually  good,  and  wholly  inclined 
to  all  evil,  and  that  continually  ^ ;  which  is  commonly  called 

oriscinal 


and  evil,  thou  fhalt  not  eat  of  it : 
for  in  the  day  that  thou  eateft 
thereof  thou  flialt  furely  die. 
\_Compared  with  Rom  .v.  12,  — 20.  ] 
Wherefore,  as  by  one  man  fin  en- 
tered into  the  world,  and  death 
by  fin ;  and  fo  death  palled  upon 
all  men,  for  that  all  have  finned. 
V.  15.  For  if  through  the  offence 
of  one  many  be  dead  ;  much  more 
— V.  1 6.  -For  the  judgment  was 
by  one  to  condemnation  ; — V.  17. 
For  if  by  one  man's  offence  death 

reigned  by  one;  much  more- 

V.  18.  Therefore,  as  by  the  of- 
fence of  one  judgment  came  upon 
all  men  to  condemnation;  even 

fo V.  19.  For  as  by  one  man's 

difobedience    many   were    made 

finners;  fo  by  the  obedience 

And  with  i  Cor.  xv.  2 1 .  For  fince 
by  man  came  death,  by  man  came 
alfo  the  refurreftion  of  the  dead. 
V.  22.  For  as  in  Adam  all  die, 
even  fo  in  Chrifl  fliall  all  be  made 
alive. 

23.  '  Rom  v.  12.  Wherefore, 
as  by  one  man  lin  entered  into  the 
world,  and  death  by  fm  ;  even  fo 
death  palled  upon  all  men,  for 
that  all  have  liiined.  Kom.  iii,  23. 


For  all  have  finned,    and  come 
fliort  of  the  glory  of  God. 

24.  ^  I  John  iii.  4.  Whofoever 
committeth  fin  tranfgreifeth  alfo 
the  law :  for  fin  is  the  tranfgref- 
fion  of  the  law.  Gal.  iii.  10.  For 
as  many  as  are  of  the  works  of  the 
law  are  under  the  curfe :  for  it 
is  written,  Curfed  is  every  one 
that  continueth  not  in  all  things 
which  are  written  in  the  book  of 
the  law  to  do  them.  V.  12.  And 
the  law  is  not  of  faith  :  but,  The 
man  that  doeth  them  fhall  live  in 
them. 

25.  '  Rom.  v.  12.  Wherefore, 
as  by  one  man  fin  entered  into  the 
world,  and  death  by  fin ;  and  fo 
death  pafied  upon  all  men,  for 
that  all  have  finned.  V.  19.  For 
as  by  one  man's  difobedience  many 
were  made  linncrs  ;  fo  by  the  obe- 
dience of  one  fliall  many  be  made 
righteous. 

""  Rom.  iii.  10.  As  it  is  written, 
There  is  none  righteous,  no,  not 
one  :  V.  1 1 .  There  is  none  that 
underftandeth,  there  is  none  that 
fecketh  after  God.  V.  12.  They 
are  all  gone  out  of  the  way,  they 
are  together  become  unprofitable ; 
there 


The  Larger  Catechifin,  '193 

original  fin,  and  from  which  dd  proceed  all  adual  tranfgref- 
fions  y. 

C^  26.  How  is  original  fin  conveyed  from  our  firfi  parents 
unto  thdr  pofterity  ? 

A.  Original  fin  is  conveyed  from  our  firfl:  parents  unto  their 
poiteriiy  by  natural  generation,  fo  as  all  that  proceed  from 
them  in  that  way  are  conceived  and  born  in  fin  ^ 

(i,  27.  What  mifei-y  did  the  fall  bring  upon  mankind? 

A.  The  fall  brought  upon  mankind  the  lofs  of  communion 
with  God  =',  his  difpleafure  and  curfe ;  fo  as  w^e  are  by  nature 

children 


there  Is  none  that  doeth  good,  no, 
not  one.  V.  13.  Their  throat  is 
an  open  fepulchre  :  with  their 
tongues  they  have  ufed  deceit; 
the  poilbn  of  afps  is  under  their 
lips :  V.  14.  Whofe  mouth  is  full 
of  curfing  and  bitternefs :  V.  r 5. 
Their  feet  are  fwlft  to  (hed  blood : 
V.  16.  Deftruftion  and  mifery  are 
in  their  ways:  V.  17.  And  the 
way  ofpeace  have  they  not  known: 
V.  18.  There  is  no  fear  of  God 
before  their  eyes.  V.  19.  Now  we 
know,  that  what  things  foever  the 
law  faith,  it  faith  to  them  who 
are  under  the  law:  that  every 
mouth  may  be  flopped,  and  all 
the  world  may  become  guilty  be- 
fore God.  Eph.  ii.  i.  And  you 
hath  he  quickened  w^ho  were  dead 
intrefparfesandfms;  V. 2. Where- 
in in  time  pad  ye  walked  accordr 
ing  to  the  courfe  of  this  worlds 
according  to  the  prince  of  the 
power  of  the  air,  the  fpirit  that 
now  worketh  in  the  children  of 
jdifobedience.  V.  3.  Among  whom 
alfo  we  all  had  our  converfation 
in  timeii  pa  ft,  in  the  lufts  of  our 
ftelh,  fultilliHg  the  defires  of  the 
flelh  and  of  the  mind  ;  and  were 
by  nature  tiie  children  of  wrath, 
evenasothers.  Roni.v.6.  Forwhen 
we  were  yet  without  flrength,  in 
due  time  Chrift  died  for  the  im- 
godly.    Rom.  viii.  7.  Becaufe  the 


carnal  mind  is  enmity  againil 
God  :  for  it  is  not  fubjeft  to  the 
law  of  God,  neither  indeed  can 
be-  V.  8.  So  then,  they  that  are 
in  the  flefli  cannot  pleafe  God. 
Gen.  vi.  5.  And  God  faw  that  the 
wickednefs  of  man  was  great  in 
the  earth,  and  that  every  imagi- 
nation of  the  thoughts  of  his  heart 
was  only  evil  continually. 

^  James  i.  14.  But  every  manii; 
tempted,  when  he  is  drawn  away 
of  his  own  lufl:,  and  enticed.  V.  1 5. 
Then  when  liift  hath  conceived, 
it  bringeth  forth  lin ;  and  fm, when 
it  is  finilhed,  bringeth  forth  death. 
Mat.  XV.  19.  For  out  of  the  heart 
proceed  evil  thoughts,  murders, 
adulteries,  fornications,  thefts, 
falfe  witnefs,  blafpliemies. 

26.  "Pfal.  li.  5.  Behold,  I  was 
ihapen  in  iniquity ;  and  in  fm  did 
ray  mother  conceive  me.  Job 
xiv.  4.  Who  can  bring  a  clean 
thing  out  of  an  nuclean  ?  not  one. 
Job  XV.  14.  What  is  man,  that  he 
ilhouUl  be  clean  ?  and  he  which  is 
born  of  a  woman,  that  he  (hould 
i)e  righteous?  John  iii, /j.  That 
•which  is  born  of  the  flelh,  is  flefh ; 
and  that  which  is  born  of  the 
•Spirit,  is  fpirit.     ,   ,  ' 

27.  ^Ztn.  iii.8.  And  they  heard 
the  voice  of  the  Lord  God  walk- 
ing in  the  garden  in  the  cooi'oif 
the  day  :  and  Adam  and  his  wife 

I  hid 


194  *The  Larger  Catechlf in, 

children  of  wrath  S  bond  flaves  to  Satan  %  and  juftly  liable 
to  all  punifliments  in  this  world,  and  that  which  is  to  come «». 
Q^  28.  What  are  the  punijimients  of  fin  in  this  vjorldp 
A,  The  pianifliments  of  fin  in  this  world  ai'e  either  inward, 
as  blindnefs  of  mind%  a  reprobate  fenfe  f,  llrong  delu- 
sions-, hai-dnefs  of  heart  h,  horror  of  confcience',  and  vile 

affec- 


hid  themfelves  from  the  prefence 
^f  the  Lord  God  amongft  the 
treesof  the  garden.  V.  10.  And 
he  faid,  I  heard  thy  voice  in  the 
garden :  and  I  was  afraid,  becaufe 
I  was  naked ;  and  I  hid  myfelf. 
V.  24.  So  he  drove  out  the  man: 
and  he  placed  at  the  eaft  of  the 
garden  of  Eden  cherubims,  and  a 
flaming fword,  which  turned  every 
way,  to  keep  the  way  of  the  tree 
of  life. 

•>  Eph.  ii.  2.  Wherein  in  time 
paft  ye  walked  according  to  the 
courfe  of  this  world,  according  to 
the  prince  of  the  power  of  the  air, 
the  fpirit  that  now  worketh  in  the 
children  of  difobedience.  V.  3. 
Among  whom  alfo  we  all  had  our 
converfation  in  times  paft,  in  the 
lufts  of  our  fleHi,  fulfilling  the  de- 
fires  of  the  flelh  and  of  the  mind  ; 
and  were  by  nature  the  children 
of  wrath,  even  as  others. 

■^  2  Tim.  ii.  26.  And  that  they 
may  recover  themfelves  out  of  the 
fnare  of  the  devil,  who  are  taken 
captive  by  him  at  his  will. 

«»  Gen.  ii.  17.  But  of  the  tree  of 
the  knowledge  of  good  and  evil 
thou  (halt  not  eat  of  it :  for  in  the 
day  that  thou  eateft  thereof  thou 
Ihalt  furely  die.  Lam.  iil.  39. 
Wherefore  doth  a  living  man 
complain,  a  man  for  the  punifh- 
mentof  hisfms?  Rom.  vi.  23.  For 
the  wages  of  fm  is  death  ;  but  the 
gift  of  God  is  eternal  life  through 
Jefus  Chrift  our  Lord.  Mat.  xxv. 
41.  Then  (hall  he  fay  alfo  unto 
them  on  the  left  hand,  Depart 


from  me,  ye  curfed,  into  ever- 
lafting  fire,  prepared  for  the  devil 
and  his  angels.  V.  46.  And  thefe 
ftiall  go  away  into  everlafting  pu- 
nifhment :  but  the  righteous  into 
life  eternal.  Jude,  Ver.  7.  Even 
as  Sodom  and  Gomorrha,  and  the 
cities  about  them,  in  like  manner 
giving  themfelves  over  to  forni- 
cation, and  going  after  ftrange 
flefli,  are  fet  forth  for  an  example, 
fuffering  the  vengeance  of  eternal 
tire. 

28.  '  Eph.  iv.  18.  Having  the 
underftanding  darkened,  being 
alienated  from  the  life  of  God 
through  the  ignorance  that  is  in 
them,  becaufe  of  the  blindnefs  of 
their  heart. 

(  Rom.  i.  28.  Even  as  they  did 
not  like  to  retain  God  in  their 
knowledge,  God  gave  them  over 
to  a  reprobate  mind,  to  do  thofe 
things  which  are  not  convenient. 

6  2  Their,  ii.  11.  And  for  this 
caufe  God  (hall  fend  them  ftrong 
delufion,  that  they  fliould  believe 
a  lye. 

^  Rom.  ii.  5.  But  after  thyhard- 
nefs  and  impenitent  heart  trea- 
fureft  up  unto  thy felf  wrath  againft 
the  day  of  wrath,  and  revelation 
of  the  righteous  judgment  of  God . 

'  Ifa.  xxxiii.  14.  The  fmners  in 
Zion  are  afraid ;  fearfulnefs  hath 
furprifed  the  hypocrites :  who  a- 
mong  us  (hall  dwell  with  the  de- 
vouring fire  ?  who  among  us  fliall. 
dwell  with  everlafting  burnings? 
Gen.  iv.  r3.  And  Cain  faid  unto 
the  Lord,  My  punhhment  isgreater 
than 


ne  Larger  Catechifnu  195 

^ffec^ions'^ ;  or  outward,  as  the  curfe  of  God  upon  the  crea- 
tures  for  cnir  fakes  ',  and  all  other  evils  that  befall  us  in  our 
bodies,  names,  ellates,  relations,  and  employments";  togcr 
ther  with  death  itfelf  *. 

Q^2g.lVhat  arethepim'iJJnnents  of  fin  hi  the  luorld  to  come? 

A.  The  punifliments  of  fin  in  the  world  to  come  are  ever- 
lafting  feparation  from  the  comfortable  prefence  of  God,  and 
mod  grievous  torments  in  foul  and  body,  without  intermiffion, 
in  hell-fire  for  ever «». 

Q^  30.  Doth  God  leave  all  manKmd  to  periJJj  in  the  eflate  of 
fill  and  mifery  P 

A.  God  doth  not  leave  all  men  to  perifli  in  the  eftate  of  fin 
and  mifery  p,  into  which  they  fell  by  the  breach  of  the  firll: 
covenant,  commonly  called  The  Covenant  of  Works  -j  ;  but  of 

his 


than  I  can  bear.  Mat.  xxvii.  4. 
Saying,  I  have  fmned,  in  that  I 
have  betrayed  the  ninocent  blood. 
And  they  faid,  What  is  that  to  us  ? 
fee  thou  to  that. 

^  Rom.  i.  26.  For  this  caufeGod 
gave  them  up  unto  vile  affeftions : 
for  even  their  women  did  change 
the  natural  ufe  into  that  which  is 
againil  nature. 

'  Gen.  iii.  1 7 .  And  unto  Adam  he 
faid,  Becaufe  thou  hail  hearkened 
unto  the  voice  of  thy  wife,  and  haft 
eaten  of  the  tree  of  which  I  com- 
manded tiiee,  faying,  Thou  (halt 
not  eat  of  it :  curled  is  the  ground 
for  thy  fake  \  in  forrow  fnalt  thou 
eat  of  it  all  the  days  of  thy  life. 

'"  Deut.  xxviil.  15.  to  the  end. 
But  it  fliall  come  to  pafs,  if  thou 
wilt  not  hearken  unto  the  voice 
of  the  Lord  thy  God,  to  obferve 
to  do  all  his  commandments,  and 
his  ftatutts,  which  I  command 
thee  this  day,  that  all  thefe  curfes 
fliall  come  upon  thee,  and  over- 
take thee.  V.  16.  Curfed  fhalt 
thou  be  in  the  city,  and  curfed 
fhalt  thou  be  in  the  field.  V.  17. 
Curfed  fhall  be  thy  basket  and  thy 
ftore.    V.  18.  Curfed  ihall  be  the 


fruit  of  thy  body,  and  the  fruit  of 
thy  land,  <bc. 

"  Rom.  vi.  21.  What  fruit  had 
ye  then  in  thofe  things  whereof  ye 
are  now  afliamed  ?  for  the  end  of 
thofe  things  is  death.  V.  23.  For 
the  wages  of  fm  is  death  ;  but  the 
gift  of  God  is  eternal  life  through 
Jefus  Ghrift  our  Lord. 

29.  °  2  Theff.  i.  9.  Who  fhall  be 
pimiflied  with  everlafting  deftruc- 
tion  from  the  prefence  of  the 
Lord,  and  from  the  glory  of  his 
power.  Mark  ix.  44,  46,  48. — 
To  go  into  hell,— where  their 
worm  dieth  not,  and  the  fire  is 
not  quenched.  Luke  xvi.  24.  And 
he  cried,  and  faid,  Father  Abra- 
ham, have  mercy  on  me ;  and  fend 
Lazarus,  that  he  may  dip  the  tip 
of  his  finger  in  water,  and  cool  my 
tongue;  for  I  am  tormented  in 
this  flame. 

30.  P  I  Their,  v.  9.  For  God  hath 
not  appointed  us  to  wrath ;  but 
to  obtain  falvation  by  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift. 

^  Gal.  iii.  ro.  For  as  many  as 

are  of  the  works  of  the  law  are 

under  the  curfe :  for  it  is  written, 

Curfed  is  every  one  that  conti- 

I  2  nueth 


The  Larger  CatecUfm. 


190 

his  mere  love  and  mercy  delivereth  his  eled  out  of  it,  and 
bringeth  them  into  an  eftate  of  falvation  by  the  fecond  cove- 
iiaut,  commonly  called  Tlic  Covenant  of  Grace  ^ 

Q^  31.  With  'whom  luas  the  coven  ant -of grace  made? 

A.  The  covenant  of  grace  was  made  with  Clii-ill  as  the 
fecond  Adam,  and  in  him  with  all  the  eled  as  his  feed  '. 

Q^  32.  Eci-vj  is  the  grace  of  God  manifefled  in  the  fecond 
coveiumt? 

A.  The  grace  of  God  is  manifefled  in  die  fecond  covenant, 
in  that  he  freely  pro  videth  and  ofFercth  to  linners  a  Mediatory 

and 

31.  *  Gal.  iii.  16.  Now  to  Ab- 
raham and  his  feed  were  the  pro- 
inifcs  made.  He  faith  not,  And 
to  feeds,  as  of  many;  but  as  of 
one,  And  to  thy  feed,  which  is 
Chrift.  [Rom.  v.  15.  to  the  end. 2 
Ifa.  liii.  10.  Yet  it  pleafed  the 
Lord  to  bruife  him  ;  he  hath  put 
him  to  grief;  when  thou  flialt 
make  his  foul  an  offering  for  fin, 
he  fliall  fee  his  feed,  he  (hall  pro- 
long his  days,  and  the  pleafure  of 
the  Lord  (hall  profper  in  his  hand. 
V.  II.  He  fliall  fee  of  the  tra- 
vail of  his  foul,  and  fhall  be 
fatisfied :  by  his  knowledge  Ihall 
my  righteous  fervant  juibfy  ma- 
ny; for  he  fliall  bear  their  ini- 
quities. 

32.  '  Gen.  iii.  15.  And  I  will 
put  enmity  between  thee  and  the 
woman,  and  between  thy  feed  and 
her  feed :  it  fliall  bruife  thy  head, 
and  thou  flialt  bruife  his  heel. 
Ifa.  xlii.  6.  I  the  Lord  have  calltd 
thee  in  righteoufncfs,  and  will 
hold  thine  hand,  and  will  keep 
thee,  and  will  give  thee  for  a 
covenant  of  the  people,  for  a  light 
of  the  Gentiles.  John  vi.  27.  La- 
bour not  for  the  meat  which  pe- 
rilheth,  but  for  that  meat  which 
cndureth  unto  everlafling  life, 
which  the  Son  of  man  fliall  give 
unto  you  :  for  him  hatU  God  the 
Jb'atlitT  foaled. 

'^  I  John 


nusth  not  in  all  things  which  are 
written  in  the  book  of  the  law 
to  do  them.  V.  12.  And  the  law 
is  not  of  faith  :'  but,  The  man 
that  doeth  them  fliall  live  in  them. 
"■  T-.t.  ill.  4.  But  after  that  the 
kindnefs  and  love  of  God  our  Sa- 
viour toward  man  appeared,  V.  5. 
Not  by  worlcs  of  righteoufnefs 
which  we  have  done,  but  accord- 
ing to  his  mercy  he  faved  us,  by 
the  wafliiug  of  regeneration,  and 
renewing  of  tlieHolyGhoft;  V.6. 
Which  he  flied  on  us  abundantly, 
through  Jefus  Clirilt  our  Saviour : 
V.  7.  That  being  juflified  by  his 
grace,  we  fliould  be  made  heirs 
according  to  the  hope  of  eternal 
life.  Gal.  iii .21.  Is  the  law  then 
againfl:  the  promifes  of  God?  God 
forbid :  for  if  there  had  been 
a  law  given  which  could  have 
given  life,  verily  righteoufnefs 
fhould  have  been  by  the  law. 
Pvom.  iii.  20.  Therefore  by  the 
deeds  of  the  law  there  fliall  no 
flefli  be  jnftified  in  his  fight:  for 
by  the  law  is  the  knowledge  of 
iiu.  V.  2  [ .  But  now  the  righte- 
oufnefs of  God  without  the  law 
is  manifefted,  being  witnefl^d  by 
the  law  and  the  prophets  ;  V.  2  2 . 
Even  the  righteoufnefs  of  God 
which  is  by  faith  of  Jefus  Chrift 
unto  all  and  upon  all  them  that 
believe ;  for  there  is  no  difference. 


7he  Larger  Catechlfm,  197 

ami  life  and  falvation  by  him*;  and  requiring  faith  as  the 
condition  to  interefk  them  in  him  ^  proniifeth  and  giveth  hij> 
Holy  Spirit^  to  all  his  ele(5t,  to  work  in  them  tiiat  faith  >, 
with  all  other  faving  graces  ^ ;  and  to  enable  them  unto  all 
holy  obediences  as  the  evidence  of  the  truth  of  their  foith  ^ 
and  ihankfulnefs  to  God  %  and  as  the  way  whicli  he  hath  ap» 
pointed  them  to  falvation '<i. 

Ql  33-  ^'"'^-^  ^^-^^  covenant  of  grace  always  adminijlered  after 
one  and  the  fame  'manner  ? 

A.  Tiie  covenant  of  grace  was  not  always  adminiftered  after 
the  fame  manner,  but  the  adminiflrations  of  it  under  the  old 
telbinient  were  diiFcrent  from  thofe  under  die  new«=. 

0^34.  ^o-wr 

^  James  ii.  18.  Yea,  a  man  may 
fay,  Thou  haft  faith,  and  I  have 
works  :  fliew  me  thy  faith  with- 
out tiiy  works,  and  I  will  ftiew 
thee  my  faith  by  my  works.  V.  22. 
Seeft  thou  how  faith  wrought  with 
his  works?  and  by  works  was  faith 
made  perfe£t. 

'  2  Cor.  V.  14.  For  the  love  of 
Chriftcouftrainethus;  becaufe  we 
thus  judge,  that  if  one  died  for 
all,  then  were  all  dead  :  V.  15. 
And  that  he  died  for  all,  that  they 
which  live  Ihould  not  henceforth 
live  unto  themfelves,  but  unto  him 
which  died  for  them,  and  rofe 
again. 

''  Eph.  ii.  10.  For  we  are  his 
workmanfhip,  created  in  Chrift 
Jefus  unto  good  works,  which 
God  hath  before  ordained  that  we 
ftiould  walk  in  them. 

33.  ^  2  Cor.  iii.  6.  Who  alfo 
hath  made  us  able  minifters  of  the 
new  teftament,  not  of  the  letter, 
but  of  the  fpirit :  for  the  letter 
killeth,  but  tho  fpirit  giveth  life. 
V.  7.  But  if  the  miniftration  of 
death,  written  and  engraven  in 
flones,  was  glorious,  fo  that  the 
children  of  Ifrael  could  not  fted- 
faftly  behold  the  face  of  Mofes 
for  the  glory  of  his  countenance, 
I  3  which 


'  r  Joh-n  V.  r  r.  And  this  is  the 
record,  that  God  hath  given  to 
us  eternal  life;  and  this  life  is  in 
hi-  Son.  V.  f2.  He  that  hath  the 
Son  hath  life;  and  he  that  hath 
aot  the  Son  of  God  hath  not  life. 

*  John  iii.  16.  For  God  fo  lo- 
ved the  world,  that  he  gave  his 
only  begotten  Son,  that  whofo- 
cver  believeth  in  him  Ihould  not 
perifn,  but  have  everlafting  life. 
John  i.  12.  But  as  many  as  recei- 
ved him,  to  them  gave  he  power 
to  become  the  Tons  of  God,  even 
to  them  that  believe  on  his  name. 
''Prov.  i.  23.  Behold,  I  will  pour 
out  my  Spirit  unto  you,  I  will 
make  known  my  words  unto  you. 

^  2  Cor.  iv.  13.  We  having  the 
Hime  fpirit  of  faith,  according  as 
it  is  written,  I  believed,  and 
therefore  have  I  fpoken :  we  alfo 
believe,  and  therefore  fpeak. 

^Gal.  v.  22.  But  the  fruit  of  the 
Spirit  is  love,  joy,  peace,  long- 
futfering,  gentlenefs,  goodnefs, 
faith,  V.23.  iMeeknefs,  temper- 
ance :  againll  fuch  there  is  no  law. 

"  Ezek.  xMxvi.  27.  And  I  will 
put  my  Spirit  within  you,  and 
caufe  you  to  walk  in  my  ftatutes, 
and  ye  ihall  keep  my  judgments, 
and  do  them. 


ipS 


7he  Larger  Catechifm, 


(^34.  HoiD  'Was  the  covenant  of  grace  admimflered'wi^'ihe 
eld  tejiament  ? 

A.  The  covenant  of  grace  was  adminiftered  under  the  did 
teftament,  by  promifes  f,  prophecies  ?,  facrificcs  h,  circumci- 
fion  S  the  pafibver  ^,  and  other  types  and  ordinances,  which 
did  ail  fore-fignify  Ciirift  then  to  come,  and  were  for  that 
time  fufficient  to  build  up  the  eledl  in  faith  in  tlie  promifed 
Meffiah  S  by  whom  they  then  had  full  remiffion  of  fm,  and 
eternal  falvation  «». 

Q^  35.  How  is  the  covenant  of  grace  adminiflered  under  the 
?iew  tejiament  ? 

A  Under  the  new  teftament,  when  Chrift  the  fubftance 
was  exhibited,  the  fame  covenant  of  grace  was  and  ftill  is 

to 


•which  glory  was  to  be  done  away ; 
V.8.  How  (hall  not  the  miniftra- 
tJon  of  the  Spirit  be  rather  glori- 
ous ?  V.  9.  For  if  the  miniftration 
of  condemnation  be  glory,  much 
more  doth  the  miiiiitration  of 
righteoufnefs  exceed  in  glory. 

34.  ^  Rom.  XV.  8.  Now  I  fay, 
that  Jefus  Chrift  was  a  minifter  of 
the  circuracifion  for  the  truth  of 
God,  to  confirm  the  promifes 
made  unto  the  fathers. 

*  Afts  iii.  20.  And  he  (hall  fend 
Jefus  Ghrift,  which  before  was 
preached  unto  you.  V.  24.  Yea, 
and  all  the  prophets  from  Samuel, 
and  thofe  that  follow  after,  as 
many  as  have  fpoken,  have  like- 
wife  foretold  of  thcfe  days. 

^  Heb.  X.  I.  For  the  law  ha- 
ving a  fiiadow  of  good  things  to 
come,  and  not  the  very  image  of 
the  things,  can  never  with  thofe 
facrifices,  which  they  offered  year 
by  year  continually,  make  the 
comers  thereunto  perfedl. 

•  Rom.  iv.  1 1 .  And  he  received 
the  lign  of  circumcifion,  a  feal  of 
the  righteoufnefs  of  the  faith 
which  he  had,  yet  being  uncir- 
cumcifed  :  that  lie  might  be  the 
father  of  all  them  that  believe. 


though  they  be  not  circumcifed  j 
that  righteoufnefs  might  be  mi- 
puted  unto  them  alfo. 

^  I  Cor.  v.  7.  Purge  out,  there- 
fore, the  old  leaven,  that  ye  may 
be  a  new  lump,  as  ye  are  unlea- 
vened. For  even  Ghrift  our  pafs- 
over  is  facrificed  for  us. 

*  [Heb.  Chapters  viii.  ix.  and 
X.]  Heb.  xi.  13.  Thefe  all  died 
in  faith,  not  having  received 
the  promifes,  but  having  ^cen 
them  afar  off,  and  were  perfua- 
dedof  them,  and  embraced  them, 
and  confeffed  that  they  were  ftran- 
gers  and  pilgrims  on  the  earth. 

™  Gal.  iii.  7.  Know  ye,  there- 
fore, that  they  which  are  of  faith, 
the  fame  are  the  children  of  Ab- 
raham. V.  8.  And  the  fcripture 
forefeeing  that  God  would  juftify 
theHeathenthroughfaith, preach- 
ed before  the  gofpel  unto  Abra- 
ham, faying,  In  thee  Ihall  all  na- 
tions be  blefled.  V.  9.  So  then, 
they  which  be  of  faith  are  blelfecl 
with  faithful  Abraham.  V.  14. 
That  the  blelling  of  Abraham 
might  come  on  the  Gentilei  thro' 
Jefus  Ghrift  ;  that  we  might  re- 
ceive the  promife  of  the  Spirit 
through  faith. 


The  Lm'ger  Catechlfm,  rg^ 

to  be  adminlflered  in  the  preaching  of  the  word  ",  and  the 
adminiilration  of  the  facraments  of  baptifm  «,  and  the  Lord's 
fupper  p ;  in  which  grace  and  falvation  are  held  forth  in  more 
fulnefs,  evidence,  and  efficacy,  to  all  nations  "s. 

(i  36.  Who  is  the  Mediator  of  the  coroenaiit  of  grace  P 
A.  The  only  Mediator  of  the  covenant  of  gi*ace  is  the 
Lord  Jefus  Chrifl »,  who,  being  the  eternal  Son  of  God,  of 
one  fubftance  and  equal  with  the  Father  %  in  the  fulnefs  of 

time 


35.  "  Mark  xvi.  15.  And  he  faid 
unto  them,  Go  ye  into  all  the 
world,  and  preach  the  gofpel  to 
every  creature. 

"Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Go  ye,  there- 
fore, and  teach  all  nations,  bapti- 
zing them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of  the 
Holy  Ghoft  :  V.  20.  Teaching 
them  to  obferve  all  tilings  what- 
foever  I  have  commanded  you  : 
and,  lo,  I  am  with  you  al  way ,  even 
unto  the  end  of  the  world.  Amen. 

^  I  Cor.  xi.  23.  For  I  have  re- 
ceived of  the  Lord  that  which 
alfo  I  delivered  unto  you,  That 
the  Lord  Jefus,  the  fame  night 
in  which  he  was  betrayed,  took 
bread :  V.  24.  And,  when  he  had 
given  thanks,  he  brake  it,  and 
faid,  Take,  eat  j  this  is  my  body, 
which  is  broken  for  you :  this  do 
in  remembrance  of  me.  V.  25. 
After  the  fame  manner  alfo  he 
took  the  cup,  when  he  had  fup- 
ped,  faying,  This  cup  is  the  new 
teftament  in  my  blood :  this  do 
ye,  as  oft  as  ye  drink  it,  in  re- 
membrance of  me. 

'^2  Cor.  iii.  6.  to  the  end.  Who 
alfo  hath  made  us  able  minifters 
of  the  new  teftament,  not  of  the 
letter,  but  of  the  fpirit  :  for  the 
letter  killeth,  but  the  fpirit  gi- 
veth  life.  V.  7.  But  if  tlie  mini- 
ftration  of  death,  written  and  en- 
graven in  Aones,  was  glorious, — 
V.  8.  How  ihall  not  the  mini- 


ftration  of  the  Spirit  be  rather 
glorious?  V.  9.  For  if  the  mini- 
flration  of  condemnation  be  glory, 
much  more  doth  the  miniftration 
of  righteoufnefs  exceed  in  glory, 
^c.  *  Hcb.  viii.  6.  But  now  hath 
he  obtained  a  more  excellent  mi- 
niftry,  by  how  much  alfo  he  is 
the  Mediator  of  a  better  covenant, 
which  vvras  eftabliflied  upon  bettar 
paromifes.  V.  10.  For  this  is  the 
covenant  that  I  will  make  with 
the  houfe  of  Ifrael  after  thofe 
days,  faith  the  Lord :  I  will  put 
my  laws  into  their  mind,  and 
write  them  in  their  hearts  :  and 
I  will  be  to  them  a  God,  and 
they  fiiall  be  to  me  a  people. 
V.  II.  And  they  (hall  not  teach 
every  man  his  neighbour,  and 
every  man  his  brother,  faying. 
Know  the  Lord:  for  all  ftiall 
know  me,  from  the  leaft  to  the 
greateft.  Mat. xxviii.  19.  Go  yej 
therefore,  and  teach  all  nations, 
baptizing  themiu  the  name  of,  6^^^. 

36.  ^  I  Tim.  ii.  5.  For  there  is 
ofte  God,  and  one  Mediator  be- 
tween God  and  men,  the  man 
Chrift  Jefus. 

'  Johni.  I.  In  the  beginning 
was  the  Word,  and  the  Word 
was  with  God,  and  the  Word 
was  God.  V.  14.  And  the  Word 
was  made  flefli,  and  dwelt  among 
us,  (and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the 
glory  as  of  the  only  begotten  r 
the  Father,)  full  of  grace  - 
I  4  t' 


200 


The  Larger  Catechiftn. 


time  became  man  %  and  To  was  and  continues  to  be  God  and 
man,  in  two  entire  dillind;  natures  and  one  perfon,  for  ever  ". 

Q,  37.  Hovj  did  Chrifiy  being  the  Son  of  God,  become  manP 

A.  Chrifl:  the  Son  of  God  became  man,  by  taking  to  him- 
felf  a  true  body,  and  a  reafonable  foul  ^,  being  conceived  by 
the  power  of  die  Holy  Ghoil  in  the  womb  of  the  virgin 
Mary,  of  her  fubflance,  and  born  of  her  ^,  yet  wiihout  fin  y. 

(^38.  Why  was  it  reqidjite  that  the  Mediator  Jlmdd  be  God? 

A,  It  was  requifite  that  the  Mediator  fliould  be  God,  that 
he  might  fuftain  and  keep  the  human  nature  from  finking 

under 


truth.  John  x.  30.  I  and  my  Fa- 
ther are  one.  Phil.ii.6.  Who,  be- 
ing in  the  form  of  God,  thought  it 
not  robbery  to  be  equal  with  God. 

'  Gal.  iv.  4.  But  when  the  ful- 
nefs  of  the  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
man, made  under  the  law. 

*'  Luke  i.  35.  And  the  angel 
anfwered,  and  faid  unto  her.  The 
Holy  Ghoftfliall  come  upon  thee, 
and  the  power  of  the- Hlgheft 
ihall  overOiadow  th^e :  therefore 
alfo  that  lioly  thing  wliich  fliall 
be  born  of  thee  lliall  be  called 
the  Son  of  God.  Rom.  ix.  5. 
Whofe  are  the  fathers,  and  of 
whom  as  concerning  the  flefh 
Chrill:  came,  who  is  over  all, 
God  blelled  for  ever.  Amen.  Col. 
ii.  9.  For  in  him  dwelleth  all  the 
fulnefs  of  the  Godhead  bodily. 
Heb.  vii.  24.  But  this  man,  be- 
caufe  he  continueth  ever,  hath  an 
unchangeable  prierthood.  V.  25. 
Wherefore  he  is  able  alfo  to  fave 
them  to  the  uttermoft  that  come 
unto  God  by  Jiim,  feeing  4ie  ever 
liveth  to  make  interceflion  for 
them. 

37.  '''John  i.  14.  And  the  Word 
was  made  flefli,  and  dwelt  aniong 
lis,  (and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the 
glory  as  of  the  only  begotten  of 
the  Father,)  full  of  grace  and 
^truth.  Mat.  xxvi.  38.  Then  faith 


he  unto  them.  My  foul  is  exceed- 
ing forrowful,  even  unto  death  : 
tarry  ye  here  and  watch  with  me. 
'  ^  Luke  i.  27.  To  a  virgin  e- 
fpoufed  to  a  man,  whofe  name 
wasjofeph,  of  the  houfe  of  David; 
and  the  virgin's  name  was  Mary. 
V.  31.  And,  behold,  thou  flialt 
conceive  in  thy  womb,  and  bring 
forth  a  fon,  and  flialt  tall  his 
namejefus.  V.  35.  And  tlie  an^ 
gel  anfwered,  and  faid  unto  her, 
The  Holy  Ghofl  fliall  come  upon 
thee,  and  the  power  of  theHigh- 
eft  Ihall  overlliadow  thee  :  there- 
fore alfo  that  holy  thing  which 
fhall  be  born  of  thee  Ihall  be 
called  the  Son  of  God.  V.  42. 
And  Flifabeth  fpake  out  with  a 
loud  voice,  and  faid,  BlefTed  art 
thou  among  women,  and  blefled 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb.  Gal. 
iv.  4.  But  when  the  fulnefs  of  the 
time  was  come,  God  fent  forth  his 
Son,  made  of  a  woman,  made  un- 
der the  law. 

^  Heb.  iv.  15.  For  we  have  not 
an  high  prieft  which  cannot  be 
touched  with  the  feeling  of  our 
infirmities;  but  was  in  all  points 
tempted  like  as  we  are,  yet  with- 
out lin.  Heb.  vii.  a6.  For  fuch 
an  high  prieft  became  us,  who  is 
holy,harmlefs,  undefiled,  feparate 
from  finners,  and  made  higher 
than  the  heavens. 

38.  ■'■  Aaa 


The  Larger  CatecM/m, 


201 


under  the  infinite  wrath  of  God,  and  the  power  of  deaths ; 
give  worth  and  efficacy  to  his  fufFerings,  obedience,  and 
interceifion  » ;  and  to  fatisfy  God's  juilice  %  procure  his  fa- 
vour <^,  purcl:iiife  a  peculiai'  people  ^,  give  his  Spirit  to  them  % 

conquer 


38  *  Afts  ii.  24.   Whom  God 
hath  raifed  up,  having  loofed  the 
pains  of  death  :  becaufe  it  was 
not  poffible  that  he    fhould    be 
holdenofit.     V.  25.  For  David 
Ipeakcth  concerning  him,  I  fore- 
fasv  the  Lord  always  before  my 
flice,  for  he  is  on  my  right  hand, 
that  I  fliouldnot  be  moved.  Rom. 
i.  4-  And  declared  to  be  the  Son 
of  God  with  power,  according  to 
tiie  Spirit  of  holinefs,  by  the  re- 
furreclion  froni  the  dead.      Cofn- 
paredwith  Rom.  iv.  25.  Who  was 
delivered   for  our  offences,    and 
wds  raifed  again  for  our  jullifica- 
tion.       Heb.  ix.  14.  How  much 
more  fliali  the  blood  of  Chrift, 
\vho  through  the  eternal  Spirit 
offered  himlelf  without  fpot   to 
God,  purge  your  confcience  from 
dead  works  to  fervethe  living  God? 
V  *  Aas  xx.a8.Takeheed,there- 
fore,  unto  yourfelves,  and  to  all 
the  fiock,    over  the  which  the 
Holy  Gholl  hath  made  you  over- 
feers,  to  feed  the  church  of  God, 
which  he  hath  purchafed  with  his 
own  blood.       Heb.  ix.  14.  How 
much  more  fliall   the    blood   of 
Ghrifb,  who  through  the  eternal 
Spirit    offered    himfelf   witliout 
fpot  to  Go{l,  purge  your  confci- 
ence from  dead  works  to  ferve 
the  living  God?    Heb.   vii.    25. 
Whertibre  he  is  able  alfo  to  fave 
them  to  the  uttermoft  that  come 
unto  God  by  him,  feeing  he  ever 
liveth   to   make  interceflion   for 
th«m.     V.  26.  For  fuch  an  high 
prkft  became  us,   who  is  holy, 
harmlefs,  undefiled,  feparatefrom 
fiiiners;  and  made  higher  than  the 


heavens;  V.  27.  Who  needeth 
not  daily,  as  thofe  high  priefls, 
to  otier  up  facrifice,  firft  for  his 
own  fins,  and  then  for  the  people's : 
for  this  he  did  once,  when  he 
offered  up  himfelf.  V.  28.  For 
the  law  maketh  men  high  priefts 
which  have  infirmity ;  but  the 
wordof  the  oath,  which  wasfince 
the  law,  maketh  the  Son,  who 
is  confecrated  for  evermore. 

^  Rom.  iii.  24.  Being  juftified 
freely  by  his  grace,  through  the 
redemption  that  is  in  Jefus  Chrift: 
V.  25.  Whom  God  hath  fet  forth 
to  be  a  propitiation  through  faith, 
in  his  blood,  to  declare  his  righ- 
teoufnefs  for  the  remiflion  of  fins 
that  are  pafV,  through  the  for- 
beaj-ance  of  Godj  V.  26.  Ta 
declare,  I  fay,  at  this  time  his 
righteoufnefs  :  that  he  might  be 
jull,  and  the  juftifier  of  him  which 
believethin  Jefus. 

^  Eph.  i.  6.  To  the  praife  of 
the  glory  of  his  grace,  wherein 
he  hath  made  us  accepted  in  the 
Beloved.  Mat.  iii.  17.  ^^d,  lo,  a 
voice  from  heaven,  faying,  This 
is  my  beloved  Son,  in  whom  I  am 
well  pleafed. 

^  Tit.  ii.  13.  Looking  for  that 
bleire<,\  hope,  and  the  glorious  ap- 
pearing of  the  great  God,  and  our 
Saviour  Jefus  Chrift:  V.  14. Who 
gave  himfelf  for  us,  that  he  might 
redeem  us  from  ail  iniquity,  and 
purify  unto  himfelf  a  peculiar 
people,  zealous  of  good  works. 

'  Gal.  iv.  6.   And  becaufe  ye 

are  fons,  God  hath  fent  forth  the 

Spirit  of  his  Son  into  your  hearts, 

cryijig,  Abba,  Father.  / 

I  5  f  Luke 


202 

conquer  all 
falvation  e-. 


fhe  Larger  Catechifm. 
their  enemies  %  and  bring  them  to  everlaflino- 


fellow-feeling  of  our  infirmities 


»"  Luke  i.  68.  Blefledbe  the  Lord 
God  of  Ifrael,  for  he  hath  vifited 
and  redeemed  his  people,  V.  69. 
And  hath  raifed  up  an  horn  of 
falvation  for  us  in'the  honfe  of 
his  fervant  David  :  V.  71.  That 
we  fhould  be  faved  from  our  ene- 
mies, and  from  the  hand  of  all 
that  hate  us.  V.  74.  That  he 
would  grant  unto  us,  thatw'e,  be- 
ing delivered  out  of  the  hands  of 
our  enemies,  might  ferve  him 
without  fear. 

*  Heb.  v.  8.  Though  he  were 
a  Son,  yet  learned  he  obedience 
by  the  things  which  he  fuffered  : 
V.  9.  And  being  made  perfect, 
he  became  the  author  of  eternal 
falvation  unto  all  them  that  obey 
him.  Heb.  ix.  i  i .  But  Chrift  be- 
ing come  an  high  prieft  of  good 
things  to  come,  by  a  greater  and 
more  perfeft  tabernacle,  not  made 
with  hands,  that  is  to  fay,  not  of 
this  building;  V.  12.  Neither  by 
the  blood  of  goats  and  calves,  but 
by  his  own  blood,  he  entered  in 
once  into  the  holy  place,  having 
obtained  eternal  redemption  for 
us.  V.  13.  For  if  the  blood  of 
bulls,  and  of  goats,  and  the  allies 
of  an  heifer,  fprinkling  the  un- 
clean, fanftitieth  to  the  purifying 
of  the  iiefh;  V.  14.  How  much 
more  Ihall  the  blood  of  Chrift, 
who  through  the  eternal  Spirit 
offered  himfelf  without  fpot  to 
God,  purge  your  cpnfcicnce  from 


Ql  39'  -^^Ay  "^'^J"  ^^  req^ulfite  that  the  Mediator  fhould  be 
man? 

A  It  ^vas  requifite  that  the  Mediator  fliould  be  man,  that 
he  might  advance  our  nature  S  perform  obedience  to  the  law ', 
fufFer  and  make  intercellion  for  us  in  our  nature  ^,  have  a 

',  that  we  might  receive  the 
adoption 

dead  works  to  ferve  the  living 
God?  V.  15.  And  for  thiscaufe 
he  is  the  Mediator  of  the  new 
teftament,  that  by  means  of  death, 
for  the  redemption  of  the  tranf- 
greflions  that  were  under  the  firft: 
teftament,  they  which  are  called 
might  receive  the  promife  of  eter- 
nal inheritance. 

39.  ^  Heb.  ii.  16.  For  verily  he 
took  not  on  him  the  nature  of  an- 
gels ;  but  he  took  on  him  the  feed 
of  Abraham. 

*  Gal.  iv.  4.  But  when  the  ful- 
nefs  of  the  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
man, made  under  the  law. 

^  Heb.  ii.  14.  Forafmuch  then 
as  the  children  are  partakers  of 
flefh  and  blood,  he  alfo  himfelf 
likewife  took  part  of  the  fame  : 
that  through  death  he  might  de- 
ftroy  him  that  had  the  power  of 
death,  that  is,  the  devil.  Heb. 
vii.  24.  But  this  man,  becaufe  he 
continueth  ever,  hath  an  un- 
changeable priefthood.  V.  25. 
Wherefore  he  is  able  alfo  to  fave 
them  to  the  uttermoft  that  come 
unto  God  by  him,  feeing  he  ever 
livetii  to  make  intercellion  for 
them. 

1  Heb.  iv.  15.  For  we  have  not 
an  high  prieft  which  cannot  be 
touched  with  the  feeling  of  our 
infirmities  ;  but  was  in  all  points 
tempted  like  as  we  are,,  yet  with- 
out fin. 

•"Gal. 


Jhe  Larger  Catechifm, 


203 


atloption  of  fons  ^,  and  have  comfort  and  accefs  with  bold- 
nds  LUito  the  throne  of  grace  ". 

(^  40.  Why  IV as  it  requijite  that  the  Mediator  Jhould  he  God 
and  man  in  oneperfon? 

A,  It  was  requilite  that  the  Mediator,  who  was  to  re- 
concile  God  and  man,  fl^ould  himfeif  be  both  God  and  nmn, 
and  this  in  one  perfon,  that  the  proper  works  of  each  nature 
might  be  accepted  of  God  for  us  <>,  and  relied  on  by  us,  as 
the  woi-ks  of  the  whole  perfon  i'. 

Q^  41 .  Why  vjas  our  Mediator  called  Jefus? 

A.  Our  Mediator  was  called  Jefus,  becaufe  he  faveth  his 
people  from  their  fins  1, 

Q^  42.  Why  ivas  our  Mediator  called  ChriJI P 

A,  Our  Mediator  was  called  Chriil:,  becaufe  he  was  anoint- 
ed with  the  Holy  Ghofl  above  meafure ' ;  and  fo  fet  apart, 
and  fully  fuiTiidied  with  all  authority  and  ability  =,-  to  execute 

the 


"^  Gal.  iv.  5.  To  redeem  them 
that  were  under  the  law,  that  we 
711  ight  receive  the  adoption  of  foils. 

"  Heb.  iv.  16.  Let  us,  there- 
fore, come  boldly  unto  the  throne 
of  grace,  that  we  may  obtain 
mercy,  and  find  grace  to  help  in 
time  of  need. 

40.  "  Mat.  i.  21.  And  fhe  (hall 
bring  forth  a  fon,  and  thou  fhalt 
call  his  name  Jefus:  for  he  fliali 
fave  his  people  from  their  fins. 
V.  23.  Behold,  a  virgin  fliall  be 
with  child,  and  fliall  bring  forth 
ii  fon,  and  they  fhall  call  his  name 
Emmanuel,  which,  being  inter- 


preted, 


God  with  us.     Mat. 


iii.  17.  And,  lo,  a  voice  from  hea- 
ven, faying,  This  is  my  beloved 
Son,  in  whom  1  am  well  pleafed. 
Heb.  ix.  14-.  How  much  more 
fhall  the  blood  of  Chrift,  who 
through  the  eternal  Spirit  offered 
himfeif  without  fpot  to  God, 
purge  your  confcience  from  dead 
■works  to  ferve  the  living  God  ? 

P  I  Pet.  ii.  6.  Wherefore  alfo  it 
is  contained  in  the  fcripture,  Be- 


hold, I  lay  in  Sion  a  chief  corner- 
flone,  eleft,  precious :  and  he  that 
believetli  on  him  fhall  not  be  con- 
founded. 

41.  '^  Mat.  i.  21.  And  fiie  fliall 
bring  forth  a  fon,  and  thou  fiialc 
call  his  name  Jefus :  for  he  fhall 
fave  his  people  from  their  fins. 

42.  ^  John  iii.  34.  For  he  whom 
God  hath  fent  fpeaketh  the  words 
of  God  :  for  God  givech  not  the 
Spirit  by  meafure  unto  him.  Pfal. 
xlv.  7.  Thou  loveftrighteoufnefs, 
and  hated  v^ickednefs :  therefore 
God,  thy  God,  hath  anointed  thee 
with  the  oil  of  gladnefs  above  thy 
fellows. 

•John  vi.  27.  Labour  not  for 
the  m.eat  which  perifncth,  but  for 
that  meat  wlach  endureth  unto 
everlafting  life,  which  the  Son  of 
man  fhall  give  unto  you  :  for  him 
hath  God  the  Father  fealed.  Mat. 
xxviii.  18.  And  Jefus  came,  and 
fpakeunto  them,faying.  All  power 
is  given  unto  me  in  heaven  and  in 
earth.  V.  19.  Go  ye,  therefore, 
and  teach  all  nations,  baptizing 
1  6  them 


^^4  7he  Larger  Catechlfm, 

the  offices  of  prophet  %  prieft  \  and  king,  of  his  church  ^, 
ill  the  eilate  both  of  his  humiliation  and  exaltation. 

0^43. /foxy 


them  In  the  name  of  the  Father, 
and  of  the  Son,  and  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft  :  V.  20.  Teaching  them  to 
obferve  all  thhigs  whatfoever  I 
have  commanded  you:  and,  lo, 
I  am  with  you  ahvay,  even  unto 
the  end  oi^"  the  world.  Amen. 

^  Acts  iii.  2 1  .Whom  the  heaven 
muft  receive  until  the  times  of 
reftitution  of  all  things,  which 
God  hath  fpoken  by  the  mouth  of 
all  his  holy  prophets  fmce  the 
\vorld  began.  V.  22.  For  Moles 
truly  faid  unto  the  fathers,  A  pro- 
phet fhall  the  Lord  your  God  raife 
up  unto  you  of  your  brethren, 
Jike  unto  me;  him  fhall  ye  hear 
m  ail  things  whatfoever  he  iliall 
fay  iinto  you.  Luke  iv.  18.  The 
Spirit  of  the  Lord  is  upon  me, 
becaufe  he  hath  anointed  me  to 
preach  the  gofpelto  the  poor,  he 
hath  fent  me  to  heal  the  broken- 
hearted, to  preach  deliverance  to 
the  captives,  and  recovering  of 
fight  to  the  blind,  to  fet  at  liberty 
them  that  are  bruifed.  V.  21. 
x\nd  he  began  to  fay  unto  them. 
This  day  is  this  fcripture  fulfilled 
in  your  ears. 

"  Heb.  V.  5.  So  alfo  Ghrift  glo- 
rified not  himfelf  to  be  made  an 
h'igh  pried  ;  but  he  that  faid  unto 
liim,  Thou  art  my  Son,  to-day 
have  I  begotten  thee.  V.  6.  As 
lie  faith  alfo  in  another  place, 
Thou  art  a  priefl:  for  ever  after 
the  order  of  Melchifedec  :  V.  7. 
Who  in-the  days  of  his  flefh,  when 
he  had  offered  up  prayers  and  fup- 
plications,  with  ftrong  crying  and 
tears,  unto  him  that  was  able  to 
fave  him  from  death,  and  was 
Heard  in  that  he  feared.  Heb. 
XV.  14.  Seeing  then  that  we  have 


a  great  high  priefl:  that  is  palled 
into  the  heavens,  Jefus  the  Son  of 
God,  let  us  hold  faft  our  profef- 
fion.  V.  15.  For  we  have  not  an 
high  prieft  which  cannot  be  touch- 
ed with  the  feeling  of  our  inhr- 
mities,  but  was  in  all  points  tempt- 
ed like  as  we  are,  yet  without 
fin. 

^  Pfal.  ii.  6.  Yet  have  I  fet  my. 
King  upon  my  holy  hill  of  Zion. 
Mat.  xxi.  5.  Tell  ye  the  daugh- 
ter of  Sion,  Behold,  thy  King 
cometh  unto  thee,  meek,  and  fit- 
ting upon  an  afs,  and  a  colt  the 
foalof  anafs.  I  fa.  ix.  6.  For  unto 
us  a  child  is  born,  unto  us  a  Ion 
is  given,  and  the  government  fhall. 
be  upon  his  flioulder :  and  his 
name  fliall  be  called  Wonderful, 
Counfellor,  TJie  mighty  God,  The 
everlafling  Father,  The  Prince  of 
peace.  V.  7.  Of  the  increale  of 
Ins  government  and  peace  there 
fliall  be  no  end  ;  upon  the  throne 
of  David,  and  upon  his  kingdom, 
to  order  it,-  and  to  eflablifli  it  with 
judgment  and  with  juftice,  from 
henceforth  even  for  ever:  the 
zeal  of  the  Lord  of  hoils  will 
perform  this.  Phil.  ii.  8.  And  be- 
ing found  in  fafhion  as  a  m;m,  he 
humbled  himfelf,  and  became 
obedient  unto  death,  even  the 
death  of  the  crof^.  V .  9. Where- 
fore God  alfo  hath  highly  exalted 
him,  and  given  him  a  name  which 
is  above  every  name:  V.  10. 
That  at  the  name  of  Jefus  every 
knee  fliould  bow,  of  things  in 
heaven,  and  things  in  earth,  and 
things  under  the  earth  ;  V.  1 1 . 
And  that  every  tongue  fliould  con- 
fcfs  that  Jefus  Chrilt  is  Lord,  to 
the  glory  of  God  the  Father. 

43.  "John 


ne  Larger  Catechifm,  205 

Q^  43-  Ho'W  doth  Chrift  execute  the  office  of  a  prophet  P 
A.  Chrift  executcth  the  office  of  a  prophet,  in  his  re- 
'vealing  to  the  church  ^,  in  all  ages,  by  his  Spirit  and 
word  y,  in  diverfe  ways  of  adminiftration  %  the  whole  will 
of  God  %  in  all  tilings  concerning  theii*  edification  and  falva- 
tion ''. 

Q^  44.  Hovj  doth  Chrift  execute  the  office  of  a  prieftp 
A  Chrift  executeth  the  office  of  a  prieft,  in  his  once  of- 
fering himfclf  a  lacrifice  without  fpot  to  God  %   to  be  a  re- 
conciliation' 

43.  "  John  i.  18.  No  man  hath 
feen  God  at  anytime;  the  only 
begotten  Son,  which  is  in  tlie 
bofiim  of  the  Father,  he  hath  de- 
clared him. 

*  I  Pet.  i.  10.  Of  which  lalva- 
tion  the  prophets  have  enquired, 
and  fearched  diligently,  who  pro- 
phelied  of  the  grace  that  flioiild 
come  unto  you  :  V.  r  i.  Search- 
ing what,  or  what  manner  of 
time  the  Spirit  of  Chrift  which 
was  in  them  did  fignify,  when  it 
teftified  before- hand  the  fufferings 
of  Chrift,  and  the  glory  that  fliould 
follow.  V .  12.  Unto  whom  it  was 
revealed,  that  not  unto  them- 
felves,  but  unto  us  they  did  mini- 
iter  the  tilings  which  are  now  re- 
ported unto  you  by  them  that 
have  preached  the  gofpel  unto  you, 
with  the  Holy  Gholt  fent  down 
from  heaven;  which  things  the 
angels  defire  to  look  into. 

''  Heb.  i.  I .  God,  who  at  fundry 
times,  and  in  diverfe  manners, 
fpake  in  time  pafl;  unto  the  fathers 
by  the  prophets,  V.  2.  Hath  in 
thefe  lail  days  fpoken  unto  us  by 
his  Son,  whom  he  hath  appoint- 
ed heir  of  all  things,  by  whom 
alfo  he  made  the  worlds. 

"  John  XV.  1 5.  Henceforth  I  call 
you  not  fervants;  for  the  fervant 
knoweth  not  what  his  lord  doeth : 
but  I  have  called  you  friends;  for 
all  things  that  I  have  heard  of  my 


Father  I  have  made  known  unto 
you. 

*>  Aftsxx.  32.  And  now,  bre- 
thren, I  commend  you  to  God, 
and  to  the  word  of  his  grace, 
which  is  able  to  build  you  up,  and 
to  give  you  an  inheritance  among 
all  them  which  are  fanclined. 
Eph.  iv.  ir.  And  he  gave  feme 
apoflles,  and  fome  prophets^  and 
fome  evangeliils,  and  fome  paftors 
and  teachers;  V.  12.  For  the  per- 
fecting of  the  faints,  for  the  work 
of  the  miniflry,  for  the  edifying 
of  the  body  of  Chrifl :  V.  13.. 
Till  we  all  come  in  the  unity  of 
the  faith,  and  of  the  knowledge 
of  the  Son  of  Goci,  unto  a  per- 
fe6l  man,  unto  the  meafure  of 
the  flature  of  the  fulnefs  of 
Cjirift.  John  xx.  31.  But  thefe 
are  written,  that  ye  might  be- 
lieve that  Jefus  is  the  Chrifi,  the 
Son  of  God;  and  that  believing 
ye  might  have  life  through  his 
name. 

44.  ^  Heb.  ix.  14.  How  much 
more  fliall  the  blood  of  Chrift, 
who  through  the  eternal  Spirit 
offered  himfelf  without  fpot  to 
God,  purge  your  cunfcicnce  from 
dead  works  to  ferve  the  living 
God  ?  V.  28.  So  Chrifl  was  once 
offered  to  bear  the  lins  of  many  : 
and  unto  them  that  look  for  him. 
fhall  he  appear  the  fecond  time, 
without  fm,  unto  falvation. 

•J  Heb. 


2c6 


The  Large}'  CatecUftm 


and  in  niakin;;^  con- 


conciliation  for  the  fins  of  his  people  ^ ; 
tinual  intercelfion  for  them  «. 

Q^  45.  How  doth  Chriji  execute  the  office  of  a  king? 

A.  Chrift  executeth  the  office  of  a  king,  in  calling  out  of 
the  world  a  people  to  himlelf  f,  and  giving  them  officers  ff, 
laws  %  and  cenfors,  by  v»'hich  he  vifibly  governs  them  ^  ;  in 
bellowing  faving  grace  upon  his  eled  ^,  rewarding  their 


«*  Heb.  ii.  17.  Wherefore  in  all 
things  it  behoved  him  to  be  made 
like  unto  his  brethren,  that  he 
might  be  a  merciful  and  faithful 
^high  prieft  in  things  pertaining 
to  God,  to  make  reconciliation 
for  the  fins  of  the  people. 

*  Heb.  vii.  25.  Wherefore  he  is 
able  alfo  to  fave  them  to  the  ut- 
termofl  that  come  unto  God  by 
him,  feeing  he  ever  liveth  to  make 
interceflion  for  them. 

45.  f  Afts  XV.  14.  Simeon  hath 
declared  how  God  at  the  firft  did 
vifit  the  Gentiles,  to  take  out 
of  them  a  people  for  his  name. 
V .  1 5 .  And  to  this  agree  the  words 
of  the  prophets;  as  it  is  written, 
V.  r6.  After  this  I  will  return, 
and  will  build  again  the  taber- 
nacle of  David,  which  is  fallen 


nefs  from  the  womb  of  the  morn- 
ing: thou  haft  the  dewof  thy  youth. 
^  Kph.  iv.  II.  And  he  gave 
fome  apoftles,  and  feme  prophets, 
and  fome  evangelifts,  and  fome 
paftors  and  teachers;  V.  12.  For 
the  perfeding  of  the  faints,  for 
the  work  of  the  miniftry,  for  the 
edifying  of  the  body  of  Chriil. 
r  Cor.  xii.  28.  And  God  hath  fet 
fome  in  the  church;  tirft,  apoftles; 
fecondarily,  prophets ;  thirdly, 
teachers;  after  that  miracles,  then 
gifts  of  healings,  helps,  govern- 
ments, diverfities  of  tongues. 

''  Ifa.  xxxiii.  22.  For  the  Lord 
is  our  judge,  the  Lord  is  our  law- 
giver, the  Lord  is  our  king,  he 
will  fave  us. 

'  Mat.  xviii.  17.  And  if  he  ftiall 
negleft  to  hear  them,  tell  it  unto 


down :  and  I  will  build  again  the  '  the  church  :  but  if  he  neglecl;  to 
ruins  thereof,  and  I  will  fet  it  up. 
Ifa.  Iv.  4.  Behold,  i  have  given 
him  fyr  a  witnefs  to  the  people, 
a  leader  and  commander  to  the 
people.  V.  5.  Behold,  thou  fhalt 
call  a  nation  that  thou  knoweft 
not;  and  nations  that  knew  not 
thee  fliall  run  unto  thee,  becaufe 
of  the  Lord  thy  God,  and  for 
the  holy  Oneof  Ifrael ;  for  he  hath 
glorified  thee.  Gen .  xlix.  i  o.  The 
iceptre  fliall  not  depart  from  Ju- 
dah,  nor  a  law-giver  from  be- 
tween his  feet,  until  Shiloh  come; 
and  unto  him  fliall  the  gathering 
of  the  people  be.  Pfal.  ex.  3.  Thy 
people  fliall  be  willing  in  the  day  of 
thy  power;  in  thebeautiesof  holi- 


hear  the  church,  let  him  be  unto 
thee  as  an  heathen  man,  and  a 
publican.  V.  j8.  Verily  I  fay  un- 
to you,  Whatfoever  ye  fliall  bind 
on  earth  fliall  be  bound  in  hea- 
ven ;  and  whatfoever  ye  fliall  loofe 
on  earth  fliall  be  loofed  in  hea- 
ven. I  Cor.  V.  4.  In  the  name  of 
our  Lord  Jefus  Chrift,  when  ye 
are  gathered  together,  and  my 
fpirit,  with  the  power  of  our 
Lord  Jefus  Chrift,  V.  5.  To  de- 
liver foch  an  one  unto  Satan  for 
the  dcftruftion  of  the  flefli,  that 
the  fpirit  may  be  faved  in  the  day 
of  the  Lord  Jefus. 

^  A£ts  V.  31 .  Him  hath  God  ex- 
alted with  his  right  hand  to  be  a 
I'rince 


I'he  Larger  Catecbifm,  207 

obedience  \  and  correding  them  for  their  fins  «",  preferving 
and  (upporting  the  in  under  all  their  temptations  and  iiif- 
ferings «,  rcflraining  and  overcoming  all  theii*  enemies  ",  and 
powerfully  ordering  all  things  for  his  own  glory  i',  and  their 
good  1 ;  and  alfo  in  taking  vengeance  on  the  refh  ^vho  know 
not  God,  and  obey  not  the  gofpel  ^ 

Q^  46.  IVhat  was  the  ejlate  of  Cbrijfs  biimiliaimiP 
A.  The  eltate  of  Chrifl's  humiliation  was  that  low  condi- 
tion, wherein  he,  for  our  fakes,  emptying  himfelf  of  his 
glory,  took  upon  him  the  form  of  a  fervant,  in  his  concep- 
tion and  birth,  life,  death,  and  after  his  death,  until  his  re- 

furredion  '.  r\  rj 

0^47.  now 


Prince  and  a  Saviour,  for  to  give 
repentance  to  Ifrael,  andforgive- 
nefs  of  llns. 

*  Rev.  xxii.  12.  And,  behold,  I 
come  quickly  5  and  my  reward  is 
with  me,  to  give  every  man  ac- 
cording as  his  work  fhall  be.  Rev. 
ii.  10.  Fear  none  of  thofe  things 
which  thou  (halt  fuffer  :  behold, 
the  devil  {hall  caft  fome  of  you 
into  prifon,  that  ye  may  be  tried  ; 
and  ye  fiiaU  have  tribulation  ten 
days :  be  thou  faithful  unto 
death,  and  I  wUlgive  thee  a  crown 
oflife. 

™Rev.  iii.  19.  As  many  as  I 
love  I  rebuke  and  chaften :  be 
zealous,  therefore,  and  repent. 

°  Ifa.  Ixiii.  9.  In  all  their  afflic- 
tion he  was  afflifted,  and  the  an- 
gel of  his  prefence  faved  tliem : 
in  his  love  and  in  his  pity  he  re- 
deemed them,  and  he  bare  them, 
and  carried  them  all  the  days  of 
old. 

*'  r  Cor.  XV.  25.  For  he  mull 
reign  till  he  hath  put  all  enemies 
under  his  feet.  P£al.  ex.  i.  The 
Lord  faid  unto  my  Lord,  Sit  thou 
at  my  right  hand  until  I  make 
thine  enemies  thy  footftool.  V .  2. 
The  Lord  Ihall  fend  the  rod  of  thy 
ftrength  out  of  Zion;  rule  thou 


in  the  mldft  of  thine  enemies, ire. 
{^See  the  Pfalm  throughout.  ] 

^  Rom.  xiv.  10.  Bui  why  doft 
thou  judge  thy  brother  ?  or  why 
dofl  thou  fet  at  nought  thy  bro- 
ther ?  for  we  fhall  all  itand  before 
the judgment-featof  Chrift.  V.  1 1 . 
For  it  is  written,  As  I  live,  faith 
the  Lord,  every  knee  fliall  bcw  to 
me,  and  every  tongue  iliall  confefs 
to  God. 

^  Rom.  viii.  28.  And  we  know 
that  ail  things  work  together  for 
good  to  them  that  iove  God,  to 
them  who  are  the  called  accord- 
ing to  his  purpofe. 

-•■  2  Their,  i.  8.  In  flaming  fire, 
taking  vengeance  on  them  that 
know  not  God,  and  that  obey  not 
thegofpelof  our  Lordjefus  Chrift : 
V.  9.  Who  fliall  be  punifiied  with 
everlafiing  deftriiftion  from  the 
prefence  of  the  Lord,  and  from 
the  glory  of  his  power.  Pfal. 
ii.  8.  Aili  of  me,  and  I  fhall  give 
thee  the  Heathen  for  thine  inhe- 
ritance, and  the  uttermoft  parts  of 
the  earth  for  thy  poflellion.  V .  9. 
Thou  fhalt  break  them  with  a 
rod  of  iron,  tnou  liialt  dafh  them 
in  pieces  like  a  potter^s  vefTel. 

46. '  Phil.  ii.  6.  Who,  being  in 

the  form  of  God,  thought  it  not 

robbery 


io8  The  Larger  Catechif}}!. 

Q^  47.  Hoiv  did  Chrift  humble  himfelf  in  his  conception  and 
hirthP 

A.  Chrift  humbled  himfelf  in  his  conception  and  birth,  in 
that,  being  from  all  eternity  the  Son  of  God,  in  the  bofoni 
of  the  Father,  he  was  pleafed  in  the  fulnefs  of  time  to  be- 
come the  fon  of  man,  made  of  a  woman  of  low  ellate,  and- 
to  be  born  of  her  ;  with  diverfe  circumllances  of  more  than 
ordinary  abafement  ^ 

Q^  48.  Hovj  did  Chrift  himible  himfelf^  in  his  life  P 
A  Chriil  humbled  himfelf  in  jiis  life,  by  fubjedting  him- 
felf to   the  law  %   which  he   perfcdly  fulfilled  ^^ ;   and   by 
confiiding  with  the  indignities  of  the  world  >=,  temptations 

of 


robbery  to  be  equal  with  God  : 
V.  7.  But  made  himfelf  of  no  re- 
putation, and  took  upon  him  the 
form  of  a  fervant,  and  was  made 
in  the  likenefs  of  men :  V.  8. 
And  being  found  in  faftiion  as  a 
man,  he  humbled  himfelf,  and  be- 
came obedient  unto  death,  even 
the  death  of  the  crofs.  Luke 
i.  31.  And,  behold,  thou  flialt con- 
ceive in  tiiy  womb,  and  bring 
forth  a  Ton,  and  flialt  call  his 
namejefus.  2  Cor.  viii.  9.  For 
ye  know  the  grace  of  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift,  that  though  he  was 

\  rich,  yet  for  your  fakes  he  became 
poor,  that  ye  through  his  poverty 
might  be  rich.  Afts  ii.  24.  Whom 
God  hath  raifed  up,  having  loofed 
the  pains  of  death  :  becaufe  it  was 
not  poflible  that  he  ihould  be 
hoi  den  of  it. 

47.  'John  i.  14.  And  the  Word 
was  made  flefh,  and  dwelt  among 
us,  (and  we  beheld  his  glory,  the 
glory  as  of  the  only  begotten  of 
the  Father,)  full  of  grace  and 
truth.     V.  18.  No  man  hath  feen 

\  God  at  anytime;  the  only  begot- 
ten Son,  which  is  in  the  bofom  of 
he  Father,  he  hath  declared  liim. 
al.  iv.  4.  But  when  the  fulnefs 
\he  time  was  come,  God  fent 


forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  woman, 
made  under  the  law.  Luke  ii.  7. 
And  Hie  brought  forth  her  firft- 
born  fon,  and  wrapped  him  in 
fwaddling-clothes,  and  laid  him> 
in  a  manger,  becaufe  there  was 
no  room  for  them  in  the  inn. 

48.  "  Gal.  iv.  4.  But  when  the 
fulnefs  of  the  time  was  come,  God 
fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of  a  wo- 
man, made  under  the  law. 

w  Mat.  V.  17.  Think  not  that 
I  am  come  to  deftroy  the  law,  or- 
the  prophets :  I  am  not  come 
to  deftroy,  but  to  fulfil.  Rom. 
V.  19.  For  as  by  one  man's  dif- 
obedience  many  were  made  ftn- 
ners  ;  fo  by  the  obedience  of  one 
fliall  many  be  made  righteous. 

^  Pfal.  xxii.  6.  But  I  am  a. 
worm,  and  no  man  ;  a  reproach 
of  men,  and  defpifed  of  the  people. 
Heb.  xii.  2.  Looking  unto  Jefus 
the  author  and  iinither-  of  our 
faith;  who,  for  the  joy  that  was 
ft t  before  him,  endured  the  crofs, 
defpifing  the  lliame,  and  is  fet 
down  at  the  riglit  hand  of  the 
throne  of  God.  V.  3.  For  con-. 
fider  him  that  endured  fuch  con- 
tradiftion  of  hnners  againft  him-, 
felf,  left  ye  be  wearied,  and  faint' 
in  your  minds. 

''Mat* 


ne  Larger  Catechiffn,  209 

of  Satan  y,  and.infirniities  inhisflcfli,  whether  common  to 
the  nature  of  man,  or  particularly  accom.panying  that  his 
low  condition  ». 

Q^  49.  Hovj  did  Chrifl  humble  h'mifelfin  his  death P 
A.  Chrifl  humbled  himfelf  in  his  death,  in  that  having 
been  betrayed  by  Judas  %  forfaken  by  ,\iis  difciples  %  fcorned 
and  rejedled  by  the  world  %  condemned  by  Pilate,  and  tor- 
mented by  his  perfecutors  <» ;  having  alfo  confiided  with  the 
terrors  of  death,  ^md  the  powers  of  darknefs,  felt  and  borne 

he  laid  down  his  life  an  oiferin^ 

for 


the  weight  of  Goers  wrath 


■•<yMat.  iv.  x.iGVerfe  12.  Then 
^was  Jefus  led  up  of  the  fpirit  into 
the  wilclernefs,  to  be  tempted  of 
the  devil,  <(yc.  Luke  iv.  13.  And, 
when  the  devil  had  ended  all  the. 
temptation,  he  departed  from  him 
for  a  ieafon. 

^  Heb.  ii.  ry.  Wherefore  in  all 
things  it  behoved  him  to  be  made 
like  unto  his  brethren;  tliat  he 
might  be  a  merciful  and  faithful 
high  prieft  in  things  pertaining 
to  God,  to  make  reconciliation 
for  the  lins  o^the  people.  V.  \h. 
For  in  that  he  himfelf  hath  fuffer- 
ed,  being  tempted,  he  is  able 
to  fuccour  them  that  are  tempt- 
ed. Heb.  iv.  15.  For  we  have 
not  an  high  prieft  which  can- 
llot  be  touched  with  the  feeling 
of  our  infirmities  j  but  was  in  all 
points  tempted  like  as  we  are, 
yet  without  fm.  Ifa.  lii.  13.  Be- 
hold my  fervant  fliall  deal  pru- 
dently; he  fliall  be  exalted  and 
extolled,  and  be  very  high.  V .  r  4. 
,  As  many  were  aftonifhed  at  thee; 
his  vifage  was  fo  marred  more 
than  any  man,  and  his  form  more 
than  the  Oms  of  men. 

49.  *  Mat.  xxvii.  4,  Saying,  I 
have  finned,  in  that  I  have  be- 
trayed the  innocent  blood.  And 
they  faid,  What  is  that  to  us  ? 
Uq  thou  to  that. 


^  Mat.  xxvi.  56.  But  all  this 
was  done,  that  the  fcriptures  pf 
the  prophets  might  be  fulfilled. 
Then  all  the  difciples  for/ook 
him  and  fled. 

^  Ifa.  liii.  2.  For  he  fhall  grow, 
up  before  him  as  a  tender  plant, 
and  as  a  root  out  of  a  dry  ground: 
he  hath  no  form  nor  comelinefs; 
and,  when  we  lliallfee  him,  thei-e 
is  no  beauty  that  we  fliould  defire 
him.     V.  3.  Ke  is  defpifed  and 
rejected  of  men,  a  man  of  forrows, 
and  acquainted  w4th  grief:   and' 
we  hid  as  it  were  our  faces  from- 
him  ,  he  was  defpifed,    and  we 
efteemed  him  not. 

^  Mat.  xxvii.  26.  to  Vtrfe  50. 
Then  releafed  he  Barabbas  unto 
them:  and,  when  he  had  fcourged 
Jefus,  he  delivered  him  to  be 
crucified,  isc.  John  xix.  34.  But 
one  of  the  foldiers  with  a  fpear 
pierced  his  fide,  and  forthwith 
came  thereout  blood  and  water. 

"  Luke  xxii.  24.  And,  being 
in  an  »gony,  he  prayed  more  ear- 
neftly  ^  and  his  fvveat  was  as  it 
were  great  drops  of  blood  fall- 
ing down  to  the  ground.  Mat. 
xxvii.  46.  And  about  the  ninth_ 
Jiour  Jefus  cried  with  a  loud  voice, 
faying,  Lli, Eli,  lama  fabachthani? 
that  is  to  fay,  My  God,  my  God, 
w  hy  hall  thou  forfakeji  me  } 

Ifa. 


aio  7he  Larger  Catechifin, 

for  fin  V  enduring  the  painful,  ihameful,  and  curfed  death 
ofthecrofs?. 

Q^  50.  Wherein  confifted-  Chrtji^s  humiliation  after  his  death  ? 

A.  Chrifl's  humiliation  after  his  death  confifled  in  his  being 

buried  ^,  and  continuing  in  the  llate  of  the  dead,  and  under 

the  power  of  death  tiJl  the  third  day  ^  ;  which  hath  been 

Qtherwife  exprefled  in  thefe  words,  He  defcended  into  hell, 

Q:^  5 1 .  What  was  the  ejiate  of  Chrijt^s  exaltation  P 

A.  The    eftate    of    Chrift's   exaltation    comprehendeth 

his  refurredion  ^,   afcenfion   »,   fitting  at  the  right  hand 

of 


'  Ifa.  liii.  10.  Yet  it  pleafed 
the  Lord  to  bruife  him  ;  he  hath 
put  him  to  grief:  when  thou 
fhalt  make  his  foul  an  offering  for 
fin,  he  Ihall  fee  his  feed,  he  fhall 
prolong  his  days,  and  the  pleafure 
of  the  Lord  fliall  profper  in  his 
band. 

*  Phil.  ii.  8.  And,  being  found 
in  fafhion  as  a  man,  he  humbled 
himfelf,  and  became  obedient  un- 
to death,  even  the  death  of  the 
crofs.  Heb.xii.  2-  Looking  unto 
Jefus  the  author  and  finifher  of 
our  faith;  who,  for  the  joy  that 
was  fet  before  him,  endured  the 
crofs,  defpifing  the  fliame,  and  is 
fet  down  at  the  right  hand  of 
the  throne  of  God.  Gal.  iii.  13. 
Chrirt  hath  redeemed  us  from  the 
curfe  of  the  law,  being  made  a 
curfe  for  us:  for  it  is  written, 
Curfed  is  every  one  that  hangeth 
on  a  tree. 

50.  ^  I  Cor.  XV.  3.  For  I  deli- 
vered unto  you  firft  of  all  that 
which  I  alfo  received,  how  that 
Chrifl  died  for  our  fins  accord- 
ing to  the  fcripturcs  :  V.  4.  And 
that  he  was  buried,  and  that  he 
rofe  again  the  third  day  accord- 
ing to  the  fcriptures. 

*  Pfal.  xvi.  10.  For  thou  wilt 
not  leave  my  foul  in  hell ;  neither 
wilt  thou  fuffer  thine  holy  One 
to  fee  corruption.    Compared  with 


Aasli.  24.  Whom  God  hath  rai- 
fed  up,  having  loofed  the  pains  of 
death :  becaufe  it  was  not  polfible 
that  he  fhould  be  holden  of  it. 
V.  25-  For  David  fpeaketh  con- 
cerning him,  I  forefaw  the  Lord 
always  before  my  face,  for  he  is 
on  my  right  hand,  that  I  fhould 
not  be  moved.  V.  26.  There- 
fore did  my  heart  rejoice,  and  my 
tongue  was  glad :  moreover  alfo 
my  fieJh  fliall  reft  in  hope.  V.  27. 
Becaufe  thou  wilt  not  leave  my 
foul  in  hell,  neither  wilt  thou 
fuffer  thine  holy  One  to  fee  cor- 
ruption. V.  31.  He  feeing  this 
before,  fpake  of  the  refurreftion 
of  Chrift,  that  his  foul  was  not 
left  in  hell,  neither  his  flefh  did 
fee  corruption.  Rom.  vi.  9.  Know- 
ing that  Chrift,  being  raifed  from 
the  dead,  dieth  no  more  ;  death 
hath  no  more  dominion  over  him. 
Mat.  xii.  40.  For  as  Jonas  was 
three  days  and  three  nights  in  the 
whale's  belly  ;  fo  fliall  the  Son  of 
man  be  three  days  and  three  nights 
in  the  heart  of  the  earth. 

51.  J^  I  Cor.  XV.  4.  And  that  he 
wasbnried,  and  that  he  rofe  again 
the  third  day  according  to  the 
fcriptures. 

'  Mark  xvi.  19.  So  then,  after 

the  Lord  had  fpoken  unto  them, 

he  was  received  up  into  heaven, 

and  fat  on  the  right  hand  of  God. 

"•  Eph. 


7he  Larger  Catechifm, 


211 


of  the  Father  «>,  and  his  coming  again  to  judge  the 
Avorkl ". 

Q^  52.  How  was  Chrifl  exalted  in  his  refurreCtmi  ? 

A.  Chrift  was  exalted  in  his  refurredion,  in  that,  not  ha- 
ving  feen  corruption  in  death,  (of  wliich  it  was  not  pofuble 
for  him  to  he  held  °,)  and  having  the  very  fame  body  in 
which  he  fuffered,  with  the  elTcniial  properties  thereof  i', 
(but  without  mortality,  and  otiier  common  infirmities  be- 
longing to  this  life,)  really  united  to  his  foul  <j,  he  rofe 
again  from  the  dead  the  third  day  by  his  own  power  ' ; 
whereby  he  declared  himfelf  to  be  the  Son  of  God  %  to 
bave  fatisfied  divine  juilice  %  to  have  vanquiilied  death, 
and  him  that  had  the  power  of  it  \  and  to  be  Lord  of  quick 

and 


™  Eph.  i.  20.  Which  he  wrought 
in  Chrift,  when  he  raifed  him 
from  the  dead,  and  fet  him  at  his 
own  right  hand  in  the  heavenly 
places. 

"  Aas  i.  ri.  Which  alfo  faid, 
Ye  men  of  Galilee,  why  (land  ye 
gazing  up  into  heaven  ?  this  fame 
Jefus,  whicli  is  taken  up  from  you 
into  heaven,  fhall  fo  come  in  like 
manner  as  ye  have  feen  him  go 
into  heaven.  Afts  xvii.  31.  Be- 
caufe  he  hath  appointed  a  day  in 
the  which  he  will  judge  the  world 
in  righteoufnefs  by  that  man 
■yvhom  he  hath  ordained  ;  where- 
of he  hath  given  aflurance  unto 
all  men,  .in  that  he  hath  raifed 
him  from  the  dead. 

52.  "  Acts  ii.  24.  Whom  God 
hath  raifed  up,  having  loofed  the 
pains  of  death:  becau^  it  was  not 
poflible  that  he  fhould  be  holden 
of  it.  V.  2  7.  Becaufc  thou  wilt 
not  leave  my  foul  in  hell,  neither 
wilt  thou  fuffer  thine  holy  One 
to  fee  corruption. 

p  Luke  xxiv.  39.  Behold  my 
hands  and  my  feet,  that  it  is  I 
myfelf:  handle  me,  and  fee  ;  for 
a  fpirit  hath  not  flefli  and  bones, 
as  ye  fee  me  have. 


^  Rom.  vi.  9.  Knowing  that 
Chrift, being  raifed  from  the  dead, 
dieth  no  more;  death  hath  no 
more  dominion  over  him.  Rev. 
i.  18.  I  am  he  that  liveth,  and 
was  dead ;  and,  behold,  1  am  alive 
for  evermore,  Amen;  and  have 
the  keys  of  hell  and  of  death. 

"  John  X.  18.  No  man  takcth 
it  from  me,  but  I  lay  it  down  of 
myfelf:  I  have  power  to  lay  it 
down,  and  I  have  power  to  take 
it  again.  This  commandment 
have  I  received  of  my  Father. 

'  Rom.  i.  4'  And  declared  to 
be  the  Son  of  God  with  power, 
according  to  the  Spirit  of  holi- 
nefs,  by  the  refurrection  from  the 
dead. 

^  Rom.  viii.  34.  Who  is  he  that 
condemneth  ?  It  is  Chrift  that 
died,  yea  rather,  that  is  rifen 
again,  who  is  even  at  the  right 
liand  of  God,  who  alfo  maketh 
interceffion  for  us. 

"  Heb.  ii.  14.  Forafmuch  then 
as  the  children  are  partakers  of 
flefli  and  blood,  he  alfo  himfelf 
likewife  took  part  of  the  fame ; 
that  through  death  he  might  de- 
ftroy  him  that  had  the  power  of 
death,  that  is,  the  devil. 

^  Rom, 


212 


The  Larger  Caiechlfm, 


and  dead  ^:  all  which  he  did  as  a  publick  perfon  »,  the  head 
of  his  church  y,  for  their  jiiftification  ==,  quickening  in  graces 
fupport  againil:  enemies  ^^  and  to  afTure  them  of  their  refur- 
reclion  from  the  dead  at  the  lad  day  «=. 

(^53.  Hmv  vjas  Chrift  exalted  in  his  nfcenfwn? 

A.  Chrift  was  exalted  in  his  afcenfion,  in  that  having,  after 
his  refuiTeclion,  often  appeared  unto  and  converfed  with  his 
apoftles,  fpeaking  to  them  of  the  things  pertaining  to  the 
kingdom  of  God  <•,  and  giving  them  commifllon  to  preach 
the  gofpel  to  all  nations  %  forty  days  after  liis  refurredion 

lie, 

ns  fit  together  in  heavenly  places 
in  Chrift  Jefus.  Col.  ii.  12.  Bu- 
ried with  him  in  baptifm,  wlierein 
alfo ye  are  riren.\yith  iiim,  tlirough 
the  feith  of  the  operation  of  God,, 
who  hath  ralfed  him  from  the 
dead.  - 

''  I  Cor.  XV.  25'.  For  he  muQ: 
reign  till  he  hath,  put  all  enemies 
under  his  feet.  V.  26.  The  lail 
enemy  that  fliall  be  deftroyed  is 
death.  V.  27.  For  he  hath  put 
alt  things  under  his  feet.  But. 
when  he  faith,  All  things  are  put 
nnde;r  him,  it  is  manifelt  that  he 
is  excepted  which  did  put  all 
things  under  him. 

*^  I  Cor.  XV.  20.  But  now  is 
Chrift  rifen  from  the  dead,  and 
become  the  firft-fruits  of  them 
that  flept. 

53.  •*  A£tsi.2.  Until  the  day 
in  which  he  was  taken  up,  after 
that  he  through  the  Holy  Ghoil 
had  given  commandments  unto 
the  apoftles  whom  he  had  cliofai, 
V.  3.  To  whom  alfo  he  ihewed 
himfelf  alive  after  his  pafiion  by 
many  infallible  proofs,  being  feeu 


^  Rom.  xiv.  9.  For  to  this  end 
Chrift  both  died,  and  rofe,  and 
revived,  that  he  might  be  Lord 
both  of  the  dead  and  living. 

^  I  Cor.  XV.  21.  For'fmce  by 
rnan  came  death,  by  man  came 
alfo  the  refurreiStion  of  the  dt^ad. 
V.  22.  For  as  in  Adam  ail  die, 
even  fo  in  Chrift  (hall  all  be  made 
alive. 

^  Eph.  i.  20.  Which  he  wrought 
in  Chrift,  when  he  raifed  him 
fi-om  the  dead,  and  fet  him  at  his 
own  right  hand  in  the  heavenly 
places.  V.  22.  And  hath  put  ail 
things  under  his  feet,  and  gave 
him  to  be  the  head  over  ail  things 
to  the  church,  V.  23.  Which  is 
his  body,  the  fulnefs  of  him  that 
filleth  all  in  all.  Col.  i.  i8.  And 
he  is  the  head  of  the  body  the 
church,  who  is  the  beginning, 
the  firft-born  from  the  dead;  that 
in  all  things  he  might  have  the 
pre-eminence. 

''  Rom.  iv.  25.  Who  was  de- 
livered for  our  offences,  and 
was  raifed  again  for  our  juftifi- 
cation.  '* 

*  Eph.  ii.  r.  And  you  hath  he 
quickened  who  were  deadin  trcf- 
palfes  and  fins ;  V.  5.  Even  when 
we  were  dead  in  fins,  hath  quick- 
ened us  together  with  Chrift,  (by 
j;;raceyeare  faved,)  V.6.  And  hath 
raifetl  us  up  together,  and  made 


of  them  forty  days,  and  fpeaking 
of  the  things  pertaining  to  the 
kingdom  of  God. 

'  Mat.  xxviii.  19.  Goye,  there- 
fore, and  teach  all  nations,  bapti- 
zing them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of 

the 


The  Larg:er  Catechifm*  a  1 3 

he,  in  our  nature,  and  as  our  head  %  triumphing  over  ene- 
xiiies  s,  vifibly  went  up  into  the  highcd  heavens,  there  to  re- 
ceive gifts  for  men  ^,  to  raife  up  ojr  affections  thither  ',  and 
to  prepare  a  place  for  us  ^j  where  himfelf  is,  and  fliall  conti- 
nue till  his  fecond  coming  at  the  end  of  the  world  *. 

Q.  54.  How  is  Chrijl  exalted  in  his  fitting  at  ihe  right  hand 
oj  God? 

A.  Chrift  is  exalted  in  his  {itting  at  the  right  hand  of  God, 
in  that  as  God-man  he  is  advanced  to  the  highelt  favour  with 
God  the  Father  ">,   with  all  fulnefs  of  joy  -'',  glory  °,  and 

power 


the  HoIyGhofl:  V.  20.  Teaching 
them  to  obferve  all  things  whatfo- 
ever  I  have  commanded  you:  and, 
It),  lam  with  you  ahvay,  even  un- 
to the  end  of  the  world.    Amen. 

^  Heb.  vi.  20.  Whither  the 
foFe- runner  is  for  us  entered,  even 
Jefus,  made  an  high  prleft  for 
ever  after  the  order  of  Melchi- 
fedec. 

*  Epb.  iv.  8.  Wherefore  he 
faith.  When  he  afcended  up  on 
Ih'gh  he  led  captivity  captive,  and 

•-'  gifts  unto  men. 

Aclsi.  9.  And;  when  he  had 

ipoken  thefe  things,  while  they 

beheld,  he  was  taken  up;  and  a 

'^'oiid  received  him  out  of  their 

It.  V.  10.  And,  while  they 
-_oked  fledfaftly  toward  heaven, 
as  he  went  up,  behold,  two  men 
ftood  by  them  in  white  apparel  ; 
V.  II.  Which  alfo  faid,  Ye  men 
of  Galilee,  why  ftand  ye  gazing 
wp  into  heaven?  this  fame  Jefus, 
which  is  taken  up  from  you  into 
heaven,  fliall  fo  come  in  like 
manner  as  ye  have  feen  him  go 
into  heaven.  Eph.  iv.  10.  He 
that  defcended  is  the  fame  alfo 
that  afcended  up  far  above  all 
heavens,  that  iie  might  fill  all 
things.  Pfil.  Ixviii.  18.  Thou 
hart  afcended  o]i  high,  thou  haft 
led  captivity  captive  :  thou  haft 
received  gifts  for  men  \  yea,  for 


the  rebellious  alfo,  that  the  Lord 
God  might  dwell  among  them. 

'-  Col.  iii.  I.  If  ye  then  be  rifeii 
with  Chrift,  feek  thole  things 
which  are  above,  where  Chrift 
fitteth  on  the  riglit  hand  of  God. 
V.  2.  Set  your  atfeftions  on  things 
above,  not  on  tilings  on  the  earth. 

>=  John  xiv.  3.  And  if  I  go  and 
prepare  a  place  for  you,  I  will 
come  again,  and  receive  you  un- 
to myfelf,  that  \\'here  I  am  there 
ye  may  be  alfo. 

'  Acts  iii.  21.  Whom  the  hea- 
ven muft  receive  until  the  times 
of  reftitution  of  all  things,  which 
God  hath  fpoken  by  the  mouth  of 
all  his  holy  prophets  ftnce  the 
world  began. 

54.  ""  Phil.  ii.  9.  Wherefore 
God  alfo  hath  highly  exalted  him, 
and  given  him  a  name  which  is 
above  every  name. 

°  Afis  ii.  28.  Thou  liaft  made 
known  to  me  the  ways  of  life  ; 
thou  (halt  make  me  full  of  joy  with 
thy  countenance.  Cnjnparp(^witk 
Pfal.  xvi.  [  r.  Thou  wilt  (hew  me 
the  path  of  life  :  in  thy  preftnce  is 
fulnefs  of  joy,  at  thy  right  hand 
there  are  pUafurec  for  evjrmore. 

°  John  xvii.  5.  And  no/;,  O 
Father,  glorify  thou  nie  with 
thine  own  felf,  with  the  glory 
which  I  had  with  thee  beioie  the 
world  was.      i.-ic't."    ,.  ^^^^ 


214  The  Larger  Catechifm» 

pcnver  over  all  things  in  heaven  and  earth  p  •  and  doth  gather 
and  defend  his  church,  and  fubdue  their  enemies ;  furnifheth 
his  minifters  and  people  with  gifts  and  graces  i,  and  maketh 
intercellion  for  them  ^ 

Qi  ^^.  How  doth  Chri/i  vuike  interceffionP 

A,  Chrill  maketh  intercefllon,  by  his  appearing  in  our  na- 
ture continually  before  the  Father  in  heaven  ',  in  the  merit 
of  his  obedience  and  facrifice  on  earth  %  declaring  his  will 
to  have  it  applied  to  all  believers  " ;  anfwering  all  accufations 
againll  them  "*,  and  procuring  for  them  quiet  of  confcience 

notwitliftanding 


P  Eph.  i.  22.  And  hath  put  all 
things  under  his  feet,  and  gave 
him  to  be  the  head  over  all  things 
to  the  church,  i  Pet.  iii.  22. 
Who  is  gone  into  heaven,  and  is 
on  the  right  hand  of  God;  angels, 
and  authorities,  and  powers,  be- 
ing made  fubjeftunto  him. 

^  Eph.  iv.  10.  He  that  defcend- 
cd  is  the  fame  alfo  that  afcended 
up  far  above  all  heavens,  that  he 
might  fill  all  things.  V.  1 1 .  And 
he  gave  fome  apoftles,  and  fome 
prophets,  and  fome  evangelifts, 
and  fome  paftors  and  teachers ; 
V.  12.  For  the  perfecting  of  the 
faints,  for  the  work  of  the  mini- 
ftry,  for  the  edifying  of  the  body 
of  Ghrift.  Pfal.  ex.  i.  TheLoRD 
faid  unto  my  Lord,  Sit  thou  at  my 
right  hand,  until  I  make  thine 
enemies  thy  footftool,  ^j-c.  \^St;e 
the  Pfalm  throughout.'] 

**  Rom.  viii.  34.  Who  is  he  that 
condemneth?  It  is  Ghrift  that 
died,  yea  rather,  that  is  r  ifen  again, 
who  is  even  at  the  right  hand  of 
God,  who  alfo  maketh  intercef- 
fion  for  us. 

55.  '  Heb.  ix.  12.  Neither  by 
the  blood  of  goats  and  calves,  but 
by  his  own  blood,  he  entered  in 
once  into  the  holy  phict,  having 
obtained  eternal  redemption  for 
us,     V.  24.  For  Ghrift.  is  not  en- 


tered into  the  holy  places  made 
with  hands,  which  are  the  figures 
of  the  true ;  but  into  heaven  it- 
felf,  now  to  appear  in  the  pre- 
fence  of  God  for  us. 

^  Heb.  i.  3.  Who,  being  the 
brightnefs  of  his  glory,  and  the 
exprefs  image  of  his  perfon,  and 
upholding  all  things  by  the  word 
of  his  power,  when  he  had  by 
himfelf  purged  our  fins,  Git  down 
on  the  right  hand  of  the  Majeity 
on  high. 

*'  John  iii.  16.  For  God  fo  loved 
the  world,  that  he  gave  his  only 
begotten  Son,  that  whofoever  be- 
lieveth  in  him  fliould  not  perifh, 
but  have  everlafting  life.  John 
xvii.  9.  I  pray  for  them  ■  I  pray 
not  for  the  world,  but  for  tiiem 
which  thou  haft  given  me,  for 
they  are  thine.  V.  20.  Neither 
pray  I  for  thefe  alone,  but  for 
them  alfo  which  Avail  believe  on 
me  through  their  word.  V.  24. 
Father,  I  will  that  they  alfo  whom 
thou  halt  given  me  be  with  me 
where  I  am ;  that  they  may 
behold  my  glory,  which  thou 
haft  given  me  :  for  thou  loved  ft 
me  before  the  foundation  of  the 
world. 

^  Rom.  viii.  33.  Who  fliall  lay 

any  thing  to  the  charge  of  God's 

elect  ?   It  is  Gpd  that  juftifieth  : 

V.34. 


The  Larger  Catechifnu  215 

notwlthflancling  daily  failings  ^y  accefs  with  boldnefs  to  tlie 
throne  of  grace  y,  and  acceptance  of  their  peifons « and  fervices «. 

0^56.  Hovj  is  Cbri/i  to  be  exalted  in  his  coming  again  to 
judoe  the  ivorUlP 

A.  Chrift  is  to  be  exalted  in  his  coming  again  to  judge  the 
Avorld,  in  that  he,  who  was  unjiiflly  judged  and  condemned 
by  wicked  men  S  fliall  come  again  at  the  laft  day  in  great 
power  s  and  in  the  full  manifcffation  of  his  own  glory,  and 
of  his  Father's,  with  all  his  holy  angels  J,  with  a  fliout,  with 
the  voice  of  the  archangel,  and  with  the  trumpet  of  God  % 
to  judge  the  world  in  righteoufnefs  f. 


V.  34.  Who  is  he  that  condemn- 
cth?  It  is  Chrift  that  died,  yea 
rather,  that  is  rifen  again,  who  is 
even  at  the  right  hand  of  God, 
whoalfo  makethinterceffionforus. 

*  Rom.  V.  r.  Therefore  being 
juftified  by  faith,  we  have  peace 
with  God  through  our  Lord  Je- 
Tus  Chrift.  V.  2.  By  whom  alfo 
we  have  accefs  by  faith  into  this 
grace  wherein  we  ftand,  and  re- 
joice in  hope  of  the  glory  of  God. 
I  John  ii.  I .  My  little  children, 
thefe  things  write  I  unto  you 
that  ye  fm  not.  And  if  any  man 
fin,  we  have  an  advocate  with  the 
Father,  Jefus Chrift  the  righteous : 
V.  2.  And  he  is  the  propitiation 
for  our  fins;  and  not  for  ours  only, 
but  alfo  for  the  fins  of  the  whole 
world. 

*'  Heb.  iv.  16.  Let  us,  therefore, 
come  boldly  unto  the  throne  of 
grace,  that  w^e  may  obtain  mercy, 
and  find  grace  to  help  in  time  of 
need. 

'  Eph.  i.  6.  To  thepraife  of  the 
glory  of  his  grace,  wherein  he 
hath  made  us  accepted  in  the  Be- 
loved. 

*  I  Pet.  ii.  5.  Ye  alfo,  as  lively 
Clones,  are  built  np  a  fpiritual 
houfe,  an  holy  priefthood,  to  offer 
up  fpiritual  facrifices,  acceptable 
to  God  by  Jefus  Chrift, 


Q^  ^-j.  What 

S^'  ^  Afts  ill.  14.  But  ye  denied 
the  holy  One  and  the  juft,  and 
^Q^vced.  a  murderer  to  be  granted 
unto  you;  V.  15.  And  killed  the 
Prince  of  life,  whom  God  hath 
raifed  from  the  dead,  whereof  we 
are  wltnefies. 

*^  Mat.  xxiv.  30.  And  then  fliall 
appear  the  fign  of  the  Son  of  man 
in  heaven  :  and  then  (hall  all  the 
tribes  of  the  earth  mourn  ;  and 
they  fliall  fee  the  Son  of  man 
coming  in  the  clouds  of  heaven 
with  power  and  great  glory. 

^  Luke  ix.  26.  For  whofoever 
fliall  be  aftiamed  of  me  and  of  my 
words,  of  him  fliall  the  Son  of 
man  be  afliamed,  when  he  fliall 
come  in  his  own  glory,  and  in  his 
Father's,  and  of  the  holy  angels. 
Mat.  XXV.  31.  When  the  Son  of 
man  fliall  come  in  his  glory,  and 
all  the  holy  angels  with  him,  then 
fliall  he  fit  upon  the  throne  of  his 
glory. 

/  I  Thefl*.  iv.  r6.  For  the  Lord 
himfelf  fliall  defcend  from  heaven 
with  a  fliout,  with  the  voice  of 
the  archangel,  and  with  the  trump 
of  God :  and  the  dead  in  Chrift 
fliall  rife  firft. 

^Aftsxvii.  31.  Becaufe  he  hath 

appointed  a  day  in  the  which  he 

will  judge  the  world  in  righte- 

oulhefs  by  that  man  whom   he 

hath 


2 1 6  The  Larger  CatecJnfm. 

Qi  57-  J'Vhat  benefits  hath  Chrift  procured  by  his  mediation  F 

A.  Chriit,  by  his  mediation,  hath  procured  redemption  e, 
with  all  other  benehts  of  the  covenant  of  grace  >>. 

0^58.  Hovj  do  we  come  to  be  made  partakers  of  the  benefits 
which  Chrifi  hath  procured  P 

A.  We  are  made  partakers  of  the  benefits  which  Chriil 
hath  procured,  by  the  application  of  them  unto  us "«,  which  is 
the  work  efpecially  of  God  the  Holy  Ghoft  ^. 

Q^  59.  7'Vho  are jnade partakers  ofredeinption  through  Chrifi? 

A.  Redemption  is  certainly  applied,  and  efFeiflLially  com- 
municated, to  all  thofe  for  whom  Chriil  hath  purchaled  it ' ; 
who  are  in  time  by  the  Holy  Ghofl  enabled  to  believe  in 

Chrifi:  accordino*  to  the  o;ofpel  ™.  -  ^  ^     ^ 

°  *^    ^  Q_oo.  Can 


hath  ordained;  whereof  he  hath 
given  afllirance  unto  all  men,  in 
that  he  hath  raifed  him  from  the 
dead. 

57.  ^  Heb.  ix.  12.  Neither  by 
the  blood  of  goats  and  calves,  but 
by  his  own  hlood,  he  entered  in 
once  into  the  holy  place,  having 
obtained  eternal  redemption  for 
us. 

''  2 -Cor.  i.  20.  For  all  the  pro- 
mifes  of  God  in  him  are  yea,  and 
in  him  amen,  unto  the  glory  of 
God  by  us. 

58.  '  John  i.  I  r .  He  came  unto 
his  own,  and  his  own  received 
him  not.  V.  12.  But  as  many  as 
received  him,  to  them  gave  he 
power  to  become  the  fons  of  God, 
even  to  them  that  believe  on  his 
name. 

''Tit.  iii.  5.  Not  by  works  of 
righteoufnefs  which  we  have  done, 
but  according  to  his  mercy  he 
faved  us,  by  the  wafliingof  regene- 
ration, and  renewing  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft:  V.  6.  Which  he  Ihed 
on  us  abundantly  through  Jefus 
Chrilt  our  Saviour. 

59.  '  Eph.  i.13.  Inwhomyealfo 
trufled  after  that  ye  heard  the 
word  of  truth,  the  gofpel  of  your 


falvation;  in  whom  alfo,  after 
tliat  ye  believed  ye  were  fealed 
with  that  holy  Spirit  of  promife, 
V.  14.  Which  is  the  earnell  of  our 
inheritance,  until  the  redemption 
of  the  purchaled  poiTeflion,  unto 
the  praife  of  his  glory.  John  vi.37. 
All  that  the  Father  giveth  me 
iliall  come  to  me ;  and  him  that 
cometh  unto  me  I  will  in  no  wife 
cafl:  out.  V.  39.  And  this  is  the 
Father's  will  which  hath  fent  me, 
that  of /all  which  he  hath  given 
me  I  (liould  lofe  nothing,  but 
fhould  raife  it  up  again  at  the  lall 
day.  John  x.  15.  As  the  Father 
knoweth  me,  even  fo  know  I  the 
Father:  and  I  lay  down  my  life 
for  the  Iheep.  V.  16.  And  other 
fheep  I  have,  which  are  not  of 
this  fold  :  them  alfo  I  nuift  bring, 
and  they  Ihall  hear  my  voice ;  ancf 
there  Ihall  be  one  fold,  and  one 
fliepherd. 

'"  Eph.  li.  8.  For  by  grace  are 
ye  faved  through  faith  ;  and  that 
not  of  yourfelves:  it  is  the  gift  of 
God.  2  Cor.  iv.  13.  We  having 
tlie  fame  fpirit  of  faith,  accoiding 
as  it  is  written,  1  believed,  and 
therefore  have  I  fpoken  we  alfo 
believe,  and  therefore  fpeak. 

60  "  Rom. 


The  Larger  Catechlfm,  2T7 

Q^  60.  Can  they  who  have  never  heard  the  gqfpel,  andfo  know 
not  Jefus  Chrifi,  ?ior  believe  in  him,  befaved  by  their  living  ac^ 
cording  to  the  light  of  Jiature? 

A.  They  who,  having  never  heard  the  gofpel »,  know  not 
Jefus  Chrilt »,  and  believe  not  in  him,  cannot  be  laved  p,  be  they 
never  fo  diligent  to  frame  their  lives  according  to  the  light 
of  nature  1,  or  the  laws  of  that  religion  wliich  they  profeis  ^ ; 

neither 


60.  "  Rom.  X.  14.  How  then 
(hall  they  call  on  him  in  whom 
they  have  not  believed  ?  and  how 
fhall  they  believe  in  him  of  whom 
they  have  not  heard?  and  how 
(hall  they  hear  withouta  preacher? 

•  2  Their,  i.  8.  In  flaming  lire, 
taking  vengeance  on  them  that 
know  not  God,  and  that  obey  not 
the  gofpel  ofour  Lord  Jefus  Chrift: 
V.  9.  Who  fliall  be  puniflied  with 
everlalting  deftruftion  from  the 
prefence  of  the  Lord,  and  from 
the  glory  of  his  power.  Eph.  ii. 
12.  That  at  that  time  ye  were 
without  Chrift,  being  aliens  from 
the  commonwealth  of  Ifrael,  and 
ftrangers  from  the  covenants  of 
promife,  having  no  hope,  and 
without  God  in  the  world.  John 
i.  10.  He  was  in  the  world,  and 
the  world  was  made  by  him,  and 
the  world  knew  him  not.  V.  1 1. 
He  came  unto  his  own,  and  his 
own  received  him  not:  V.  12. 
But  as  many  as  received  him,  to 
them  gave  he  power  to  become 
thefonsof  God,  even  to  them  that 
believe  on  his  name. 

PJohn  viii.  24.  I  faid,  therefore, 
linto  you,  That  ye  ftiall  die  in 
your  (ins:  for  if  ye  believe  not 
that  I  am  he,  ye  fliall  die  in  your 
lins.  Mark  xvi.  16.  He  that  be- 
lieveth  and  is  baptized  fliall  be 
faved ;  but  he  that  believeth  not 
ihall  be  damned. 

''  I  Cor.  i.  20.  Where  is  the 
wife  ?  where  is  the  fcribe  ?  where 


is  the  difputer  of  this  world  ?  hath 
not  God  made  foolifli  the  wifdom 
of  this  world?  V.  21.  For  after 
that,  in  the  wifdom  of  God,  the 
world  by  wifdom  knew  not  God^ 
it  pleafed  God  by  the  fooliflmefs 
of  preaching  to  fave  them  that  be- 
lieve. V.  22.  For  the  Jews  re- 
quire a  fign,  and  the  Greeks  feek 
after  wifdom:  V.  23.  But  we 
preach  Chrift  crucified,  unto  the 
Jewsaftumbling-block,  and  unto 
the  Greeks  fooliflmefs;  V.  24, 
But  unto  them  which  are  called, 
both  Jews  and  Greeks,  Chrift  the 
power  of  God,  and  the  wifdom  of 
God. 

^  John  iv.  22.  Ye  worfliip  ye 
know  not  what :  we  know  what 
we  worfliip ;  for  falvation  is  of  the 
Jews.  Rom.  ix.  31.  But  Ifrael, 
which  followed  after  the  law  of 
righteoufnefs,  hath  not  attained 
tothelawofrighteoufnefs.  V.  32- 
Wherefore?  Becaufe  they  fought 
it  not  by  faith,  but  as  it  were  by 
the  works  of  the  law :  for  they 
ftumbledat  that  ftumbling-ftone. 
Phil.  iii.  4.  Though  I  might  alfo 
have  confidence  in  the  ftefli.  If 
any  other  man  thinketh  that  he 
hath  whereof  he  might  truft  in 
the  flefli,  I  more  :  V.  5.  Circum- 
cifed  the  eighth  day,  of  the  ftock 
of  Ifrael,  of  the  tribe  of  Benja- 
min, an  Hebrew  of  the  Hebrews  ; 
as  touching  the  law,  a  Pharifee; 
V.  6.  Concerning  zeal,  perfecu- 
ting  the  church;  touching  the 
K  righteoufnefs 


a  1 8  The  Larger  Catechifm, 

neither  is  there  falvation  in  any  other  but  in  Cln'iil  alone*, 
\s\\o  is  the  Saviour  only  of  his  body  the  church  ^ 

(^6i.  Are  all  they  faved  vjho  hear  the  gofpel,and  live  in  the 
church  F 

A,  All  that  hear  the  gofpel,  and  live  in  the  vifible  church, 
are  not  faved ;  but  they  only  who  are  true  members  of  the 
church  invifible "". 
'.    0^62.  If^hat  is  the  vifible  church  P 

A.  The  vifible  church  is  a  fociety  made  up  of  all  fuch  as  in 
all  ages  and  places  of  the  world  do  profefs  the  true  religion  ^^, 
and  of  their  clnldren-^.  ^^^  ^y^^^ 

and  hardened  their  heart ;  that 
they  fliould  not  fee  with  their 
eyes,  nor  underftand  with  their 
heart,  and  be  converted,  and  I 
fhould  ht-ul  them.  Rom.  ix.  6. 
Not  as  though  the  word  of  God 
hath  taken  none  effect.  For  they 
are  not  all  Ifrael  which  are  of 
Ifrael.  Mat.  xxii.  14.  For  many 
are  called,  but  few  are  chofen. 
Mat.  vii.  21.  Not  everyone  that 
faith  unto  me,  Lord,  Lord,  fliall 
enter  into  the  kingdom  of  heaven : 
but  he  that  doeth  the  will  of  my 
Father  which  is  in  heaven.  Rom. 
xi.  7.  What  then  ?  Ifrael  hath  not 
obtained  that  which  he  feeketli 
for  J  but  the  election  hath  obtained 
it,  and  the  reft  were  blinded. 

62.  w  I  Cor.  i.  2.  Unto  the  church 
of  God  which  is  at  Corinth,  to 
them  that  are  fanftified  in  Chrift 
Jefus,  called  to  be  faints,  with  all 
that  in  every  place  call  upon  tiie 
name  of  Jefus  Chrift  our  Lord, 
both  theirs  and  ours,  i  Cor.  xii. 
13.  For  by  one  Spirit  are  we  all 
baptized  into  one  body,  whether 
we  be  Jews  or  Gentiles,  whether 
we  be  bond  or  free ;  and  have  been 
all  made  to  drink  into  one  Spirit. 
Rom.  XV.  9.  And  that  the  Gentiles 
might  glorify  God  for  his  mercy; 
as  it  is  written.  For  this  caufe  I 
will  confefs  to  thee  among  th/e 
Gentiles, 


rlghteoufnefs  which  is  in  the  law, 
blameiefs.  V.  7.  But  what  things 
were  gain  to  me,  thofe  I  counted 
lofs  for  Chrift.  V.  8.  Yea,  doubt- 
lefs,  and  I  count  all  things  but 
lofs  for  the  excellency  of  the 
knowledge  of  Chrift  Jefus  my 
Lord  :  for  whom  I  have  fuffered 
the  lofs  of  all  things,  and  do  count 
them  but  dung  that  I  may  win 
Chrift,  V.  9.  And  be  found  in 
him,  not  having  mine  own  rlgh- 
teoufnefs, which  is  of  the  law, 
but  that  which  is  through  the 
faith  of  Chrift,  the  rlghteoufnefs 
which  is  of  God  by  faith. 

*  A£ts  iv.  12,.  Neither  is  there 
falvation  in  any  other :  for  there 
is  none  other  name  under  heaven 
given  among  men  whereby  we 
jnuft  be  faved. 

'  Eph.  V.  23.  For  the  hufband  is 
the  head  of  the  wife,  even  as 
Chrift  is  the  head  of  the  church  : 
and  he  is  the  faviour  of  the 
body. 

61.^  John  xii.  38.  Thatthe  fay- 
ing of  Efaias  the  prophet  might  be 
fulfilled,  which  he  fpake.  Lord, 
who  hath  believed  our  report? 
and  to  whom  hath  the  arm  of 
the  Lord  been  revealed  ?  V.  39. 
Therefore  they  could  not  believe, 
becaufe  that  Efaias  faid  again, 
V.  40.  He  hath  blinded  their  eyes, 


The  Larger  Catschifm,  219 

0^63.  IVlMt  are  the  fpecial privileges  of  the  vifihle  church P 

A.  The  vifible  church  hath  the  privilege  of  being  under 

Cod's  fpecial  care  and  government  y ;  of  being  proteded  and 

preferved 


Gentiles,  and  fmg  unto  thy  name. 
y.  10.  And  again  he  faith,  Re- 
joice, ye  Gentiles,  with  his  people. 
V.  1 1 .  And  again,  Praife  the  Lord, 
"all  ye  Gentiles;  and  laud  him,  all 
ye  people.  V.  1 2 .  And  again  Efaias 
faith.  There  Ihall  be  a  root  of  Jeife, 
and  he  that  (hall  rife  to  reign  over 
the  Gentiles,    in  him  ftiall  the 
Gentiles  truft.    Rev.  vii.  9.  After 
this  I  beheld,  and,   lo,  a  great 
multitude,  which  no  man  could 
number,  of  all  nations,  and  kin- 
dreds, and  people,  and  tongues, 
flood  before  the  throne,  and  be- 
fore  the    Lamb,    clothed    with 
white  robes,  and  palms  in  their 
hands.    Pfal.  ii.  8.  Afl^  of  me,  and 
J  ftiall  give  thee  the  Heathen  for 
thine  inheritance,  and  the  utter- 
mod  parts  of  the  earth  for  thy 
pofleflion.    Pfal.  xxii.  27.  All  the 
ends  of  the  world  ftiall  remember 
and  turn  unto  the  Lord  :  and  all 
the  kindreds  of  the  nations  ftiall 
worfliip  before  tliee.     V.  28.  For 
the  kingdom  is  the  Lord^s :  and  he 
is  the  governor  among  the  nations. 
V.  29.  All  they  that  be  fat  upon 
earth  fliall  eat  and  worftiip  :  all 
they  that  go  down  to  the  duft 
jftiall  bow  before  him ;  and  none 
can  keep  alive  his  own  foul.  V.30. 
A  feed  ftiall  ferve  him;  it  fliall  be 
accounted  to  the  Lord  for  a  gene- 
ration.   V.  3[ .  They  ftiall  come, 
and  (hall  declare  his  righteoufnefs 
unto  a  people  that  ftiall  be  born, 
that  he  hath  done  this.    Pfal.  xlv. 
17.  I  will  nuke  thy  name  to  be 
remembered  in  all  generations: 
therefore  ftiall  the  people  praife 
thee  for  ever  and  ever.     Mat. 
xxviii.  19,  Go  ye,  therefore,  and 


teach  all  nations,  baptizing  them 
in  the  name  of  the  Father,  and  of 
the  Son,  and  of  the  Holy  Ghoft  : 
V.  20.  Teaching  them  to  obferve 
all  things  whatfoever  I  have  com- 
manded you :  and,  lo,  I  am  with 
you  alway,  even  unto  the  end  of 
the  world.  Amen.  Ifa.  lix.  21. 
As  for  me,  this  is  my  covenant 
with  them,  faith  the  Lord,  My 
Spirit  that  is  upon  thee,  and  my 
words  which  I  have  put  in  thy 
mouth,  fliall  not  depart  out  of  thy 
mouth,  nor  out  of  the  mouth  of 
thy  feed,  nor  out  of  the  mouth  of 
thy  feeds  feed,  faith  the  Lord, 
from  henceforth  and  for  ever. 

"^  I  Cor.  vii.  14.  For  the  unbe- 
lieving huflDand  is  fanftified  by  the 
wife,  and  the  unbelieving  wife  is 
fandified  by  the  huft^and  :  elfe 
were  your  children  unclean  ;  but 
now  are  they  holy.  Acts  ii.  39. 
For  the  promife  is  unto  you,  and 
to  your  children,  and  to  all  that 
are  afar  oiF,  even  as  many  as  the 
Lord  our  God  ftiall  call.  Rom. 
xi.  16.  For  if  the  firft- fruit  be 
holy,  the  lump  is  alfo  holy ;  and 
if  the  root  be  holy,  fo  are  the 
branches.  Gen.  xvii.  7.  And  I 
will  eftablifti  my  covenant  be- 
tween me  and  thee,  and  thy  feed 
after  thee,  in  their  generations, 
for  an  everlafling  covenant ;  to  be 
a  God  unto  thee,  and  to  thy  feed 
after  thee. 

63.  ^  Ifa.  iv.  5.  And  the  Lord 
will  create  upon  every  dwelling- 
place  of  mount  Zion,  and  upon 
her  aflemblies,  a  cloud  and  fmoke 
by  day,  and  the  ft#ning  of  a 
flaming  tire  by  night :  for  upon  all 
the  glory  ftiall  be  a  defence  Y.  6. 
K  3  And 


110 


The  Larger  Catechifm, 


preferved   in   all    ages,    notwithftanding  the  oppofition  of 

all  enemies  ^ ;  and  oT  enjoying  the  communion  of  faints,  the 

ordinary  means  of  falvation*,  and  offers  of  grace  by  Chrift  to 

all  the  members  of  it  in  the  miniilry  of  the  gofpel,  teflifying, 

that  whofoever  believes  in  him  fliall  be  faved  %  and  excluding 

none  that  will  come  unto  liim  «=.  ^  ^     ^rrj 

(^64.  ^vhat 

all  the  people  of  the  earth  be  ga- 
thered together  againft  it.  V.  4. 
In  that  day,  faith  the  Lord,  I  will 
fmite  every  horfe  with  aftonifti- 
ment,  and  his  rider  with  mad- 
nefs ;  and  I  will  open  mine  eyes 
upon  the  houfe  of  Judah,  and  will 
fmite  every  horfe  of  the  people 
with  blindnefs.  V.  8.  In  that 
day  fliall  the  Lord  defend  the  in- 
habitants of  Jerufalem ;  and  he 
that  is  feeble  among  them  at  that 
day  fhall  be  as  David  ;  and  the 
houfe  of  David  fliall  be  as  God, 
as  the  angel  of  the  Lord  before 
them.  V.9.  And  it  fliall  come 
to  pafs  in  that  day,  that  I  will  feek 
to  deftroy  all  the  nations  that 
come  againft  Jerufalem. 

'  A£ts  ii.  39.  For  the  promife  is 
unto  you,  and  to  your  children, 
and  to  all  that  are  afar  off,  even 
as  many  as  the  Lord  our  God  fliall 
call.  V.42.  And  they  continued 
ftedfaftly  in  the  apoflles'  doftrine 
and  fellowfliip,  and  in  breaking 
of  bread,  and  in  prayers. 

»>  Pfal.  cxlvii.  19.  He  flieweth 
his  word  unto  Jacob,  his  ftatutes 
and  his  judgments  unto  Ifrael. 
V.  20.  He  hath  not  dealt  fo  with 
any  nation  •  and  as  for  his  judg- 
ments, they  have  not  known  them. 
Praife  ye  the  Lord.  Rom.  ix.  4. 
"Who  are  Ifraelites  ;  to  whom 
pertaineth  the  adoption,  and  the 
glory,  and  the  covenants,  and  the 
giving  of  the  law,  and  the  fervice 
of  God,  and  the  promifcs.  Fph. 
iv.  1 1 .  And  he  gave  fome  apoftles, 
and  fome  prophets,  and  fome 
evangclifts, 


And  there  fliall  be  a  tabernacle 
for  a  fliadow  in  the  day-time  from 
the  heat,  and  for  a  place  of  re- 
fuge, and  for  a  covert  from  ftorm 
and  from  rain,  i  Tim.  iv.  10.  For 
therefore  we  both  labour,  and 
fiifFer  reproach,  becaufe  we  truft 
in  the  living  God,  who  is  the  Sa- 
viour of  all  men,  efpccially  of 
thofe  that  believe. 

^-  Pfal.  cxv.  r.  Not  unto  us,  O 
Lord,  not  unto  us,  but---V.  2. 
Wherefore  fliould  the  Heathen 
fay,  Where  is  now  their  God  ?  «irr. 
V.  9.  O  Ifrael,  truft  thou  in  the 
Lord  :  he  is  their  help  and  their 
fhield,  (ire.  \_See the pfalm  through- 
out.'] Ifa.  xxxi.  4.  For  thus  hath 
the  Lord  fpoken  unto  me.  Like 
as  the  lion  and  the  young  lion 
roaring  on  his  prey,  when  a  mul- 
titude of  fliepherds  is  called  forth 
againft  him,  he  will  not  be  afraid 
of  their  voice,  nor  abafe  himfelf 
for  the  noife  of  them;  fo  fliall  the 
Lord  of  hofts  come  down  to  fight 
for  mount  Zion,  and  for  the  hill 
thereof.  V.  5.  As  birds  flying,  fo 
will  the  Lord  of  hofts  defend  Je- 
rufalem ;  defending  alfo  he  will 
deliver  it,  and  palling  over  he  will 
preferveit.  Zech.  xii.  1.  Behold, 
I  will  make  Jerufalem  a  cup  of 
trembling  unto  all  the  people 
roundabout,  when  they  fliall  be  in 
the  fiege,  both  againft  Judah  and 
againft  Jerufalem  V.  3.  And  in 
that  day  will  I  make  Jerufalem  a 
burdenfome  ftone  for  all  people: 
all  that  burden  themfelves  with 
it  fliall  be  cut  in  pieces,  though 


7he  Larger  Caiechipn* 


221 


0^64.  Wbnt  is  the  invifihle  church? 

A.  The  invifible  church  is  the  whole  number  of  the  eledl, 
thnt  have  been,  are,  or  ihall  be  gathered  into  one  under  Cliriil 
the  head  <*. 

0^6^.  JVhatfpecial  hmejits  dcythe  members  of  the  invifihle 
church  enjoy  by  thrift  P 

A.  The  members  of  the  invifible  church  by  Chrift  enjoy 
union  and  communion  with  him  in  grace  and  glory  ^. 

0^66.  What  is  that  union  which  the  eled  have  with  Chrifl? 

A.  The  union  which  the  eled  have  with  Chrifl  is  tlie  work 
of  God's  grace  f,  whereby  they  are  fpiriuially  and  myflically, 

yet 


cvangelifts,  and  fome  paftors  and 
teachers;  V .  1 2 .  For  the  perfect- 
ing of  the  faints,  for  the  work  of 
the  minirtry,  for  the  edifying  of 
thebodyof  Chrift.  Mark  xvi.  15. 
'And  he  faid  unto  them,  Go  ye  into 
•all  the  world,  and  preach  the  go- 
fpel  to  every  creature.  V.  16.  He 
-that  believeth  and  is  baptized 
ihall  be  (aved  ;  but  he  that  belie- 
veth not  (hall  be  damned. 

'  John  vi.  37.  All  that  the  Father 
giveth  me  (hall  come  to  me  ;  and 
.him  that  cometh  to  me  1  will  in 
no  wife  caft  out. 

64.  '^  £ph.  i.  10.  That  in  the 
jdifpenfation  of  the  fulnefs  of  times 
he  mi^ht  gather  together  in  one 
all  things  in  Chrift,  both  which 
are  in  heaven,  and  which  are  on 
earth,  even  in  him.  V.  22.  And 
hath  put  all  things  under  his  feet, 
and  gave  him  to  be  the  head  over 
all.  things  to  the  church,  V.  23. 
WJiiLh  is  his  body,  the  fulnefs  of 
him  that  filleth  all  in.  all.  John 
X.  /6.  And  other  fheep  I  have, 
which  are  not  of  this  fold  ;  them 
alfo  I  mull  bring,  and  they  fhall 
hear  my  voice :  and  there  fliall  be 
one  fold,  and  one  ihepherd.  John 
xi.  52.  And  not  for  that  nation 
only,  but  that  aifo  he  Ihould  ga- 
ther together   iii  one  the  chil- 


dren of  God  that  were  fcattered 
abroad. 

65.  *  John  xvii.  21.  That  they 
all  may  be  one ;  as  thou,  Father, 
art  in  me,  and  I  in  thee,  that 
they  alfo  may  be  one  in  us :  that 
the  world  may  believe  that  thou 
haft  fent  me.  Eph.  ii.  5.  Even 
when  we  were  dead  in  fins,  hath 
quickened  us  together  with  Chrift^ 
(by  grace  ye  are  faved,)  V.  6. 
And  hath  raifed  us  up  together, 
and  made  us  fit  together  in  hea- 
venly places  in  Chrift  Jefus.  John 
xvii.  24.  Father,  I  will  that  they 
alfo  whom  thou  haft  given  me  be 
with  me  where  I  am;  that  they 
may  behold  my  glory  which  thou 
haft  given  me :  for  thou  lovedft  me 
before  the  foundation  of  theworld. 

66.  f  Eph.  i.  22.  And  hath  put 
all  things  under  his  feet,  and  gave 
him  to  be  the  head  over  all  things 
to  the  church.  Eph.  ii.  6.  And 
hath  raifed  us  up  together,  and 
made  us  fit  together  in  heavenly 
places  in  Chriff Jefus :  V .  •? .  That 
In  the  ages  to  come  he  might  (hew 
the  exceeding  riches  of  his  grace 
in  his  kindnefs  towards  us  through 
Chrift  Jefus.  V.  8  For  by  grace 
are  ye  faved  through  faith  ;  and 
that  not  of  yourfelves :  it  is  the 
gift  of  God. 

K  3  81  Cor. 


•222  The' Larger  Catechifnu 

yet  really  and  infeparably,  joined  to  Chrift  as  their  head  and 
hufband  e ;  which  is  done  in  their  effedual  calling  ^ . 

Q^  67.  What  is  effedual  calling F 

J.  Effedual  calling  is  the  work  of  God's  almighty  power 
and  gi'ace  i,  whereby  (out  of  his  free  and  fpecial  love  to  his 
cled:,  and  from  nothing  in  them  moving  him  thereunto  ^) 

he 


*  I  Cor.  vi.  17.  But  he  that  is 
joined  unto  the  Lord  is  one  fpirit. 
John  X.  28.  And  I  give  unto  them 
eternal  life,  and  they  (hall  never 
perifli,  neither  fliall  any  pluck 
them  out  of  my  hand,  Eph.  v.  23. 
For  the  hufband  is  the  head  of  the 
wjfe,  even  as  Chrift  is  the  head  of 
the  church:  and  he  is  the  faviour 
of  the  body.  V.  30.  For  we  are 
members  of  his  body,  of  his  tlefh, 
andof  his  bones. 

^  I  Pet.  v.  10.  But  the  God  of 
all  grace.,  Who  hath  called  us  un- 
to his  eternal  glory  by  Chrift 
Jefns,  after  that  ye  havefuffered  a 
while,  make  you  perfeft,  ftablifh, 
ftrengthen,  fettle  you.  i  Cor.  1.9. 
God  is  faithful,  by  whom  ye  were 
called  unto  the  fellowfhip  of  his 
Son  Jefns  Chrift  our  Lord. 

67. '  John  v.  2 5.  Verily,  verily, 
1  fay  unto  you.  The  hour  is  com- 
ing, and  now  is,  when  the  dead 
ihall  hear  the  voice  of  the  Son  of 
God  :  and  they  that  hear  (hall 
live.  Eph.  i.  18.  The  eyes  of  your 
underftanding  being  enlightened ; 
that  ye  may  know  what  is  the 
jiope  of  his  calling;  and  what  the 
riches  of  the  glory  of  his  inherit- 
ance in  the  faints;  V.  19.  And 
what  is  the  exceeding  greatnefs  of 
his  power  to  us- ward  who  believe, 
according  to  the  working  of  his 
mighty  power  ;  V.  20.  Which  he 
wrought  in  Chrift,  when  he  raifed 
him  from  the  dead,  and  fet  him 
at  his  own  right  hand  in  the  hea- 
venly places.    2  Tim.  i.  8.  Be  not 


thou,  therefore,  afhamed  of  the 
teftimony  of  our  Lord,  nor  of  me 
his  prifoner :  but  be  thou  partaker 
of  the  afflictions  of  the  gofpel,  ac- 
cording to  the  power  of  God ; 
V.  9.  Who  hath  faved  us,  and 
called  us  with  an  holy  calling, 
not  according  to  our  works,  but 
according  to  his  own  purpofe  and 
grace,  which  wasgiven  us  in  Chrift 
Jefus  before  the  world  began. 

^  Tit.  iii.  4.  But  after  that  the 
kindnefs  and  love  of  God  our 
Saviour  toward  man  appeared, 
V.  5.  Not  by  works  of  righteoiif- 
nefs  which  we  have  done,  but 
according  to  his  mercy  he  faved 
us,  by  the  wafhing  of  regenera- 
tion, and  renewing  of  the  Holy 
Ghoft.  Eph.  ii.  4.  But  God,  who 
is  rich  in  mercy,  for  his  great  love 
wherewith  he  loved  us,  V.  5. 
Even  when  we  were  dead  in  fins, 
hath  quickened  us  together  with 
Chrift,  (by  grace  ye  are  faved. ) 
V.  7 .  That  in  the  ages  to  come  he 
might  fliew  the  exceeding  riches 
of  his  grace  in  his  kindnefs  to- 
ward us  through  Chrift  Jefus. 
V.  8.  For  by  grace  are  ye  faved 
through  faith ,  and  that  not  of 
yourfelves:  it  is  the  gift  of  God. 
V.  9.  Not  of  works,  left  any  man 
fliould  boaft.  Rom.  ix.  i(.  For 
the  children  being  not  yet  bom, 
neither  having  done  any  good  or 
evil,  that  the  purpofe  of  God  ac- 
cording to  eleftion  might  ftand, 
not  of  works,  but  of  him  that 
calleth. 

'  2  Cor. 


ne  Larger  Catechiftn,  2:23 

he  doth,  in  his  accepted  time,  invite  and  draw  them  to 
Jefus  Chrift,  by  his  word  and  Spirit ' ;  favingly  enlightening 
theii*  minds  ^,  renewing  and  powerfully  determining  their 
wills",  fo  as  they  (although  in  themfelves  dead  in  hn)  are 
hereby  made  willing  and  able  freely  to  anfwer  his  call,  and 
to  accept  and  embrace  the  grace  offered  and  conveyed 
therein  o.  q^  68.  Are 


^  2  Cor.  V.  20.  Now  then  we 
are  ambafladors  for  Chrift,  as 
though  God  did  befeech'  ycu  by 
ns:  we  pray  you  in  Chrift'sftead, 
be  ye  reconciled  to  God.  Cofn- 
pared  with  2  Cor.  vi.  1.  We  then, 

I  as  workers  together  with  him, 
befeech  you  alfo,  that  ye  receive 
not  the  grace  of  God  in  vain. 
V.  2.  For  he  faith,  I  have  heard 
thee  in  a  time  accepted,  and  iil 
the  day  of  falvation  have  I  fnc- 
coured  thee  :  behold,  now  is  the 
lacceptedtime;  behold,  now  is  the 
day  of  falvation.  John  vi.  44.  No 
man  can  come  to  me,  except  the 

j  Father  which  hath  fent  me  draw 
Wm:  and  I  will  raife  him  up  at 
the  laft  day.  2  TheiT.  ii.  13.  But 
we  are  bound  to  give  thanks 
alvvay  to  God  for  you,  bre- 
thren, beloved  of  the  Lord,  be- 
caufe  God  hath  from  the  begin- 
ning chofen  you  to  falvation, 
through  fantlification  of  the  Spi- 
rit, and  belief  of  the  truth : 
V.  14.  Whereunto  he  called  you 
by  our  gofpel,  to  the  obtaining 
of  the  glory  oCour  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift. 

^  Afts  xxvi.  18.  To  open  their 

;      eyes,  and  to  turn  them  from  dark- 

I  nefs  to  light,  and  from  the  power 
«f  Satan  unto  God,  that  they  may 
receive  forgivenefs  of  fins,  and  in- 
heritance among  them  which  are 
fan£tified  by  faith  that  is  in  me. 
iXlor.  ii.  10.  But  God  hath  re- 
vealed them  unto  us  by  his  Spirit : 


for  the  Spirit  fearcheth  all  things, 
yea,  the  deep  things  of  God.  V.12. 
Now  we  have  received,  not  the 
fpirit  of  the  world,  but  the  Spirit 
which  is  of  God ;  that  we  might 
know  the  things  that  are  freely 
given  to  us  of  God . 

"  Ezek.  xi.  19.  I  will  givetV:m 
one  heart,  and  I  will  put  a  new 
fpirit  within  you ;  and  I  will  tak^ 
the  ftony  heart  out  of  their  flefh, 
and  will  give  them  an  heart  of 
flefli.  Ezek.  xxxvi.  26.  A  new 
heart  alfo  will  I  give  you,  and  a 
new  fpirit  will  I  put  within  you ; 
and  1  will  take  away  the  ftony 
heart  out  of  your  fle(h,  and  I  will 
give  you  an  heart  of  flefli.  V.  27. 
And  I  will  put  my  Spirit  within 
you,  and  caufe  you  to  walk  in 
myftatutes,  and  ye  ftiall  keep  my 
judgments,  and  do  them.  John 
vi.  45.  It  is  written  in  the  pro- 
phets, And  they  fhall  be  all  taught 
of  God.  Every  man,  therefore, 
that  hath  heard,  and  hath  learned 
of  the  Father,  cometh  unto  m,e. 

**  Eph.  ii.  5.  Even  when  we 
were  dead  in  fins,  hath  quickened 
us  together  with  Chrift,  (by  grace 
ye  arefaved.)  Phil.  ii.  13.  For  it 
is  God  which  worketh  in  yqn 
both  to  will  and  to  do  of  his  good 
pleafure.  Dent.  xxx.  6.  And  the 
Lord  thy  God  willcircumcife  thine 
heart,  and  the  iieart  of  thy  Ccedy 
to  love  the  Lord  thy  God  vvith  all 
thine  heart,  and  with  allthyfoul^ 
that  thou  mayeft  live. 

K  4        68.  P  Aas 


224 


7he  Larger  Catechifjn, 


Q,  6%.  Are  the  eUa  only  effenually  called? 

A.  Ail  the  elea,  and  they  only,  are  elfeaually  called  r,  a!- 
tliough  others  may  be,  and  often  are,  outwardly  called  by 
the  minillry  of  the  word  -j,  and  have  fome  common  opera- 
tions of  the  Spirit ' ;  who,  for  their  wilful  negledl  and  con- 
tempt of  the  grace  offered  to  them,  being  jullly  left  in  their 
unbelief,  donever  ti^uly  come  to  Jefus  Chrifl  '. 

Q,  6^.  What 


68.  PAas  xili.  48-  And  when 
the  Gentiles  heard  this,  they  were 
glad,  and  glorified  the  word  of  the 
Lord  :  and  as  many  as  were  or- 
«,lained  to  eternal  life  believed. 

"^  Mat.  xxii.  14.  For  many  are 
called,  but  few  are  chofen. 

^  Mat.  vii.  22.  Many  will  fay  to 
me  in  that  day.  Lord,  Lord,  have 
we  not  prophefied  in  thy  name  ? 
and  in  thy  name  have  call  out 
<ievils?  and  in  thy  name  done 
many  wonderful  works?  Mat. 
xiii.  20.  But  he  that  received  the 
feed  into  ftony  places,  the  fame  is 
lie  that  heareth  the  word,  and 
anon  with  joy  receiveth  it :  V.  2 1 . 
Yet  hath  he  not  root  in  himfelf ; 
but  dureth  for  a  while  :  for  when 
tribulation  or  perfecution  arifeth 
becaufe  of  the  word,  by  and  by 
he  is  offended.  Heb.  vi.  4.  For  it 
is  impoffible  for  thofe  who  were 
»nce  enlightened,  and  have  tafted 
of  the  heavenly  gift,  and  were 
made  partakers  of  the  Holy  Ghoft, 
"V.  5.  And  have  tafted  the  good 
word  of  God,  and  the  powers  of 
the  world  to  come,  *  V.  6.  If 
ihey  (hall  fall  away,  to  renew 
them  again  unto  repentance. 

'  John  xii.  38.  That  the  faying 
of  Efaias  the  prophet  might  be 
fulfilled,  which  he  fpakc.  Lord, 
who  hath  believed  our  report  ? 
and  to  whom  hath  the  arm  of 
tiie  Lord  been  revealed  ?  V.  39. 
Therefore  they  could  not  believe, 
becaufe  that  Efaias  fald  again) 


V.  40.  He  hath  blinded  their  eyes, 
and  hardened  their  heart  j  that 
they  fhould  not  fee  with  their 
eyes,  nor  underftand  with  their 
heart,  and  be  converted,  and  I 
fhould  heal  them.  Aftsxxviii.  25. 
And  when  they  agreed  not  among 
themfelves  they  departed,  after 
that  Paul  had  fpoken  one  word, 
Well  fpake  the  Holy  Ghoft  by 
Efaias  the  prophet  unto  our  fa- 
thers, V.  26.  Saying,  Go  unto 
this  people,  and  fay,  Hearing  ye 
fhall  hear,  and  fhall  not  under- 
ftand  -J  and  feeing  ye  fhall  fee,  and 
not  perceive.  V.  27.  For  the 
heart  of  this  people  is  waxed 
grofs,  and  their  ears  are  dull  of 
hearing,  and  their  eyes  have  they 
clofedi  left  they  fhould  fee  with 
their  eyes,  and  hear  with  their 
ears,  and  underftand  with  their 
heart,  and  fhould  be  converted, 
and  I  fliould  heal  them.  John 
vi.  64.  But  there  are  fome  of  you 
that  believe  not.  For  Jefus  knew 
from  the  beginning  who  they 
were  that  believed  not,  and  who 
fhould  betray  him.  V.  65.  And 
he  faid.  Therefore  faid  I  unto 
you,  that  no  man  can  come  unto 
me,  except  it  were  given  unto 
him  of  my  Father.  Pfal.  Ixxxi.  r  i . 
But  my  people  would  not  hearken 
to  my  voice  j  and  Ifrael  would 
none  of  me.  V.  12.  So  I  gave 
them  up  unto  their  own  hearts* 
luft;  and  they  walked  in  their 
own  counfds. 

t^*  *  Rom. 


*The  Larger  Catecbifm,  225 

Q.  69.  JVhat  if  the  connnuniou  in  grace  vjhich  the  members 

'  the  miufeble  church  have  with  Chri/iP 

A.  The  communion  in  grace,  whicli  the  members  of  the 
invifible  church  have  with  Chrift,  is  their  paitaking  of  tiie 
virtue  of  his  mediation  in  their  juftification  %  adoption  % 
f;ind:ilication,  and  whatever  elfe,  in  this  life,  manifefls  their 
union  with  him  ^ . 

0^70.  JVhat  is  juftificationP 

A.  Juftilication  is  an  ad;  of  God's  ^rcc  grace  unto  finners  ^, 
in  wliich  he  pardoneth  all  their  fins,  accepteth  and  accounteth 
their  perfons  righteous  in  his  fight  y ;  not  for  any  thing  wrought 
in  them,  or  done  by  them  %  but  only  for  the  perfed  obedi- 
ence 


69.  '  Rom.  viii.  30.  Moreover, 
whom  he  did  predeftinate,  them 
he  alfo  called  ;  and  whom  he  call- 
ed, them  he  alfo  juftified;  and 
whom  he  juftified,  them  he  alfo 
glorified. 

'■  Eph.  i.  5.  Having predeftina- 
ted  us  unto  the  adoption  of  chil- 
dren by  Jefus  Chrifl  to  himfelf, 
according  to  the  good  pleafure  of 
his  will. 

w  I  Cor.  i.  30.  But  of  him  are 
ye  in  Chrift  Jefus,  who  of  God  is 
made  unto  us  wifdom,  and  righ- 
teoufnefs,  and  fan«Stification,  and 
redemption. 

70.  ^  Rom.  hi.  22.  Even  the 
rlghteoufnefs  of  God,  which  is  by 
faith  of  Jefus  Chrifl  unto  all  arid 
upon  all  them  that  believe  j  for 
there  is  no  difference.  V.  24.  Be- 
ing juftified  freely  by  his  grace, 
through  the  redemption  that  is  in 
Jefus  Chrift:  V.  25.  Whom  God 
hath  fet  forth  to  be  a  propitiation 
through  faith  in  his  blood,  to  de- 
clare his  rightcoufnefs  for  the 
remiflion  of  fms  that  are  paft, 
through  the  forbearance  of  God. 
Rom.  iv.  5.  But  to  him  that  work- 
eth  not,  but  believeth  on  him  that 
juftifieth  the  ungodly,  his  faith  is 
counted  for  rlghteoufnefs. 


^  2  Cor.  V.  19.  To  wit,  thatGod 
was  in  Chrift,  reconciling  the 
world  unto  himfelf,  not  imputing 
their  trefpaffes  unto  them  5  and 
hath  committed  unto  us  the  word 
of  reconciliation.  V.  2 1 .  For  he 
hath  made  him  to  be  fm  for.  us, 
who  knew  no  lin;  that  we  might 
be  made  the  rlghteoufnefs  orCod 
in  him.  Rom.  hi.  22.  Even  the 
rlghteoufnefs  of  God,  which  is  by 
faith  of  Jefus  Chrift  unto  all  and 
upon  all  them  that  believe j  for 
there  is  no  difference.  V.  24.  Be- 
ing juftified  freely  by  his  grace, 
through  the  redemption  that  is  in 
Jefus  Chrift :  V.  25.  Whom  God 
hath  fet  forth  to  be  a  propitiation 
through  faith  in  his  blood,  to  de- 
clare his  righteonfnefa  for  the 
remiflion  of  fins  that  are  paft, 
through  the  forbearance  of  God. 
V.  27.  Where  is  boafting  then  ? 
It  is  excluded.  By  what  law?  of 
works  ?  Nay ;  but  by  the  law  of 
faith.  V.  28.  Therefore  we  con- 
clude that  a  man  is  juftified  by 
faith  without  the  deeds  of  the 
law. 

*  Tit.  hi.  5.  Not  by  works  of 

rlghteoufnefs    which    wo     have 

done,  but  according  to  his  mercy 

he  faved  us,  by  the  wafhing  of  re- 

K  5       generatiojirf 


-26  The  Larger  Catethifm. 

enee  and  full  fatisfaftion  of  Chrift,  by  God  imputed  to  them  ', 
and  received  by  faith  alone  ^ 

0^7 1.  How  is  jufiification  an  ad  of  God^s  free  grace  P 
A,  Although  Ciiriil,  by  his  obedience  and  death,  did  make  a 
proper,  real,  and  full  fatisfadion  to  God's  juftice  in  the  behalf 
of  them  that  are  juftified  '^ ;  yet  in  as  much  as  God  accepteth 
tlie  fatisfadion  from  a  furety,  which  he  might  have  demand- 
ed of  them,  and  did  provide  this  furety,  his  own  only  Son  ^, 

imputing 


generation,  and  renewing  of  the 
Holy  Ghoft.  *  V.  7.  That  being 
juftified  by  his  grace,  we  fhould 
be  made  heirs  according  to  the 
hope  of  eternal  life.  Eph.  i.  7. 
In  whom  we  have  redemption 
through  feis  blood,  the  forgive- 
nefs  of  fms,  according  to  the 
riches  of  his  grace. 

'  *  Rom.  V.  17.  For  if  by  one 
man's  offence  death  reigned  by 
one  ;  much  more  they  which  re- 
ceive abundance  of  grace,  and  of 
the  gift  of  righteoufnefs,  flmll 
reign  in  life  by  one,  Jefus  Chrift. 
V,  18.  Therefore  as  by  the  offence 
of  one  judgment  came  upon  all 
men  to  condemnation ;  even  fo 
by  the  righteoufnefs  of  one,  the  . 
free  gift  came  upon  all  men  unto 
juftification  of  life.  V.  19.  For 
as  by  one  man's  'difobedlence 
many  were  made  finners  ;  fo  by 
the  obedience  of  one  fhall  many 
be  made  righteous.  Rom,  iv.  6. 
Even  as  David  alfo  defcribeth  the 
bleffednefs  of  the  man  unto  whom 
God  imputeth  righteoufnefs  with- 
out works,  V.  7.  Saying,  Blelfed 
are  they  whofe  iniquities  are  for- 
given, and  whofe  fins  are  covered. 
V.  8.  Blelfed  is  the  man  to  whom 
the  Lord  will  not  impute  lin. 

b  Acts  X.  43.T0  him  give  all  the 
prophets  witnefs,  that  through  his 
name,  whofoever  believeth  in 
liim  fliall  receive  remilfion  of  fins. 
Gal.  ii.  16.  Knowing  that  a  man 


is  not  juftified  by  the  works  of  the 
lav»',  but  by  the  faith  of  Jefus 
Chrift ;  even  we  have  believed  in 
Jefus  Chrift,  that  we  might  be 
juftified  by  the- faith  of  Chrift, 
and  not  by  the  works  of  the  law.: 
for  by  the  works  of  the  law  fiiall 
no  fiefli  be  juftified.  Phil.  iii.  9. 
And  be  found  in  him,  not  having 
mine  own  righteoufnefs,  which  is 
of  the  law,  but  that  which  is  thro' 
the  faith  of  Chrift,  the  righte- 
oufnefs which  is  of  God  by  faith. 

71.'^  Rom.  v.  8.  But  God  com- 
mendeth  his  love  towards  us,  in 
that  while  we  were  yet  finners 
Chrift  died  for  us.  V.  9.  Much 
more  then,  being  now  juftified 
by  his  blood,  we  fliall  be  faved 
from  wrath  through  him.  V.  10. 
For  if  when  we  were  enemies 
we  were  reconciled  to  God  by  the 
death  of  his  Son;  much  more 
being  reconciled,  we  ftjall  be  faved 
by  his  life.  V.  19.  For  as  by  one 
man's  difobedience  many  were 
made  finners  ;  fo  by  the  obedience 
of  one  Ihall  many  be  made  righ- 
teous. 

•^  I  Tim.  ii.  5.  For  there  is  one 
God,  and  one  Mediator  between 
God  and  men,  the  man  Chrift 
Jefus;  V,  6.  Who  gave  himfelf 
a  ranfom  for  all,  to  be  teftified 
in  due  time.  Heb.  x.  10.  By 
tlie  which  will  we  are  fan£tified, 
through  the  offering  of  the  body 
of  Jefus  Chrift  once  for  all.  Mat. 


The  Larger  Catechifni.  23 1 

of  God'i;  having  the  feeds  of  repentance  unto  life,  and 
all  other  faving  graces,  put  into  their  hearts « ;  and  thofe 
graces  fo  (lirrcd  up,  increafed  and  ftrengthened  %  as  that 
they  more  and  more  die  unto  fin,  and  rife  unt(3  newnefs  of 
hfe  ^. 

Q^  76.  What  is  repsiztance  unto  life? 

A.  Repentance  unto  life  is  a  faving  grace  J^,  wrouglit 
in    the  heart   of   a  fmner   by  the   Spirit  *   and   word   of 

God, 


^  Eph.  iv.  23.  And  be  renewed 
in  the  fpirit  of  your  mind  ;  V.  24. 
And  that  ye  put  on  the  new  man, 
which  after  God  is  created  in 
rightecufnefs  and  true  holinefs. 

*  Acts  xi.  18.  When  they  heard 
thefe  things  they  held  their  peace, 
.and  glorified  God,  faying,  Then 
liath  God  alfo  to  the  Gentiles 
granted  repentance  unto  life. 
I  John  iii.  9.  Whofoever  is  born 
of  God  doth  not  commit  fin  ; 
Ibr  his  feed  remameth  in  him : 
and  he  cannot  fin,  becaufe  he  is 
born  of  Gv)d. 

*'Jude,Ver.20.  But  ye,  beloved, 
building  up  yourfelves  on  your 
moft  holy  faith,  praying  in  the 
Holy  Ghoft.  Heb.  vi.  11.  And 
we  defire  that  every  one  of  you 
do  Ihew  the  fame  diligence,  to 
the  full  aflarance  of  hope  unto 
the  end  :  V.  12.  That  ye  be  not 
flothful,  but  followers  of  them, 
who  through  faith  and  patience 
inherit  the  promifes.  Eph.  iii.  16. 
.'That  he  would  grant  you,  accord- 
ing to  the  riches  of  his  glory,  to 
be  ftrengthened  with  might  by 
his  Spirit  in  the  inner-man  ;  V.iy. 
That  Chrifb  may  dwell  in  your 
hearts  by  faith  ;  that  ye,  being 
rooted  and  grounded  in  love,  V.  1 8. 
May  be  able  to  comprehend  with 
all  faints,  what  is  the  breadth, 
and  length,  and  depth,  and  height; 
V.  19.  And  to  know  the  love  of 
Chrift,  which  pafleth  knowledge, 


that  ye  might  be  filled  with  all 
the  fulnefs  of  God.  Col.  i.  10. 
That  ye  might  walk  worthy  of 
the  Lord  unto  all  pleallng,  being 
fruitful  in  every  good  work,  and 
increafing  in  the  knowledge  of 
God;  V.  II.  Strengthened  with 
all  might  according  to  his  glori- 
ous power,  unto  all  patience  and 
long-fuffering  with  joyfulnefs. 

^  Rom.  vi.  4.  Therefore  we  are 
buried  with  him  by  baptifm  into 
death:  that  like  as  Chrift  was 
raifed  up  from  the  dead  by  the 
glory  of  the  Father,  even  fo  we 
alfo  fliould  walk  in  newnefs  of 
life.  V.  6.  Knowing  this,  that 
our  old  man  is  crucified  with  him, 
that  the  body  of  fm  might  be  de- 
ftroyed,  that  henceforth  we  fnould 
notferve  fin.  V.  14.  Forfinihali 
not  have  dominion  over  you  :  for 
ye  are  not  under  the  law,  but 
under  grace.  Gal.  v.  24.  And 
they  that  are  Chrift's  hgve  cru- 
cified the  flefh,  with  the  aifeftions 
and  luds. 

76.  '^  2  Tim.  ii.  25.  In  meek- 
nefs  inftrudling  thofe  that  oppofe 
themfelves ;  if  God  peradventure 
will  give  them  repentance  to  the 
acknowledging  of  the.truth!^ 

'  Zech.  xii.  10.  Andl  will  pour 
upon  the  houfe  of  David,  and 
upon  the  inhabitants  of  Jerufa- 
lem,  the  fpirit  of  grace  and  of 
fupplications;  and  they  fiiall  look 
uponme  whom  they  have  pierced, 
and 


23  2  Th  Larger  Cai^cbifm, 

God  ^,  whereby  out  of  the  figb:  and  fenie,  not  only  of  th- 
danger  -,  but  abb   of  the  nithinefs  and   cdiouiiiefs   of  Lis 
fins  =,  and  upon  the  apjM-ehenilon  of  God's  mercy  in  Chriil  1^ 
to  fuch  as  are  penitent  -,  he  fo  grieves  for  »   and  hates 

his 

and  they  fhall  mourn  for  him,  as 

one  mtMirDeth  few  his  only  fon, 

and  fioli  be  in  bitxeroefs  for  him, 

as  one  thar  is  In  birtemeli  for  his 

firfl-bcm. 

^Aos  xi.  iS.  When  they  heard 

tkefe  things  they  held  their  peace. 

and  glorined  God,  laying.  Then 

hath   God  alfo  to  the  Gentiles 

granted    Fe}>entance    unto    lire. 

V.  2C-  And  fome  of  them  nere 

men    erf"   Cyprus,     and    Cyrene, 

■which,  "vchen  they  were  come  to 

Antioch.  fpake  unto  the  Grecians, 

preachiBg  the  Lord  Jefcs.  V.  2 r  • 

And  the  hand  cf  the  Lord  was 

with  tbem  :  and  2  great  number 

beliered,   and  turned  unto  the 
Lord. 

-   Ezek-  xviii.  28.  Becaufc  he 

confidereth,  and  tumeth  away 
from  all  his  tranfgreffions  that  he 
hath  ccmmi-.ied,  he  fhall  fttrely 
live,  he  fhail  not  die.  V.  3c. 
TherefcM-e  I  will  jndge  you,  O 
fatraie  of  Ifraei,  every  one  accord- 
iag  to  his  "ways,  faith  the  Lord 
God:  repenr,  and  turn  yonrlelTes 
from  aii  your  tranfgreffions  ;  fo 
iniquity  fhail  not  be  your  min. 
V.  52.  For  I  have  no  pleafure 
in  the  death  of  him  that  dieth, 
faith  the  Lord  God:  wherefore 
turn  yourfeives,  and  live  ye. 
Luke  XV.  I  - .  And,  when  he  came 
to  himfeif,  be  faid.  How  many 
hired  fervants  of  my  father's  ha>e 
bread  enough  and  to  fpare,  aad 
I  periih  with  hunger!  V.  iS.  I 
will  arife.  and  go  to  my  father, 
and  will  fay  unto  him.  Father, 
I  have  linned  ag^ft  Heaven,  and 
before  thee.    iiof.  ii.  6.  There- 


fore, brfiold,  I  will  hedge  up  thy 
way  with  thorns,  and  make  a 
wail,  that  £he  faall  no:  find  her 
p^ths.  V.  -.  A^:^-  ---  •'  -" 
after  her  lovers,   r 

overtake  them ;  an_  „,; ,. 

them,  but  ihali  not  hud  mem  : 
then  {hall  the  fay.  I  will  go  and 
return  to  my  firft  huibaiKl.  for 
then  was  it  better  with  me  than 
now. 

=  Ezek.  xxxvi.  31.  Thee  (kali 
ye  remember  your  own  evil  ways, 
2Jid  your  doings  that  were  not 
good,  and  linli  lothe  youhelves 
in  your  own  iighi  for  your  ini- 
quities, and  for  your  abomina- 
tions. Ifa.  XXX.  '22.  Ye  {hail  de- 
file alfo  the  covering  of  thy  gra- 
ven images  of  iiiver.  and  the 
ornament  of  thy  molten  images 
of  gold :  thou  ihait  caft  them 
away  as  a menftruous  cloth;  thou 
ihalt  fay  unto  it.  Get  thee  hence. 
*  Joel  ii.  12.  Therefore  alfo 
now,  faith  the  Lord,  Turn  ye 
even  to  me  with  all  your  heart, 
and  with  falling,  and  with  weep- 
ing, and  with  mourning.  V.  13. 
And  rend  your  heart,  andnot  your 
garments,  and  turn  unto  the  Lord 
your  God :  for  he  is  gracious  and 
merciful.  Cow  to  anger,  and  of 
great  kindne£s,  and repenteth  him 
of  the  evil. 

**  Jer.  xxxi.  18-  I  have  flirely 
heard  Ephraim  bemoaning  him- 
feif thus,  Thou  haft  chaftifed  me, 
and  1  was  chaftifed,  as  a  buUock 
unaccuftomed  to  the  yoke :  turn 
thou  me,  and  I  iball  be  turaed  ; 
for  thou  art  the  Lord  my  God- 
V.  19.  Surely  after  that  I  was 
turned 


Imft 

smd  c 

of  ne  .  ^_.^^„.. 

0^77.  Wherein 

A  Akhoug*:     - 
ficadoD  *,  yet  : 
tcdi  tbe  riglK. 

tomed  I    reper  ■ 
that   I    was  in:: 

yea,    even  cczi 
I  dad  bear  :   e 
J«oth. 

»  2  Cor  :>etiisitoifeytiefii* 

:diis  (elf^i[ar.  :3.  There&re  I 

lotiFed  aitc  ::  res  coiaceni- 

carefoloeli  d&t;  asidl 

yea,  vhat  1 

iearjyea, 

j^ra,  whac  of 

venge!  in  i            ^  -? 

|>roved  jrooneives  ic  :e     .i:  .  .        _                                                  is 

this  matter.  r 

ejesiaadtc 
se(stol%b 
ofSataauL 
recdre  Ibr 
inheritancc 
arelkrf' - 


laith: 
torn  y 

sadti: 

4--  Yc- 

a  DsTid 

in  :  .  c  -^  of 

tbem  -  ziimiL- 

fioneii .                                              .  :  _  .                                            -ki- 

\fe  ha                                           ;  V.  S-                                            a 

V-  ii _ _ .-  tiJcL...- 


234  3^/^^  Larger  Catechifm, 

infufeth  grace,  and  enableth  to  the  exercife  thereof ':  in  the 
former,  fin  is  pardoned  '^ ;  in  the  other,  it  is  fubdiied  ^  :  the 
one  dotli  equally  free  all  believers  from  the  revenging  wrath 
of  God,  and  that  jjerfedly  in  this  life,  that  they  never  fall 
into  condemnation  y ;  the  other  is  neither  equal  in  all  %  nor 
in  this  life  perfed  in  any  %  but  growing  up  to  perfection  ^. 

4,78.  Whence 


"  Ezek.  xxxvi.  27.  And  I  will 
put  my  Spirit  within  you,  and 
caufe  you  to  walk  in  my  ftatutes, 
and  ye  fhall  keep  my  judgments, 
and  do  them. 

""  Rom.  iii.  24-  Being  juftified 
freely  by  his  grace,  through  the 
redemption  that  is  in  Jefus  Chrift: 
V.  25.  Whom  God  hath  fet forth 
to  be  a  propitiation  through  faith 
in  his  blood,  to  declare  his  righ- 
teoufnefs  for  the  remiilion  of  fms 
that  are  paft,  through  the  forbear- 
ance of  God. 

"^  Rom.  vi.  6.  Knowing  this, 
that  our  old  man  is  crucified  with 
him,  that  the  body  of  fin  might 
be  deftroyed,  that  henceforth  we 
fhould  not  ferve  fin.  V.  14.  For 
fin  fhall  not  have  dominion  over 
you  :  for  ye  are  not  under  the 
law,  but  under  grace. 

^  Rom.  viii.  33.  Who  fiialllay 
any  thing  to  the  charge  of  God's 
eleft  ?  It  is  God  that  juftineth, 
V.  34.  Who  is  he  that  condemn- 
eth  ?  It  is  Chrift  that  died,  yea 
rather,  that  is  rifen  again,  who  is 
even  at  the  right  hand  of  God,  who 
alfo  maketh  interceffion  for  us. 

^  I  John  ii.  1 2.  I  write  unto  you, 
little  children,  becaufe  your  fins 
are  forgiven  you  for  his  name's 
fake.  V.  13.  I  write  unto  you, 
fathers,  becaufe  ye  have  known 
him  that  is  from  the  beginning. 
I  write  unto  you,  young  men, 
becaufe  ye  have  overcome  the 
wicked  one.  I  write  unto  you, 
little  children,  becaufe  ye  have 
known  the  Father.      V.  14.   I 


have  written  unto  you,  fathers, 
becaufe  ye  have  known  him  that 
is  from  the  beginning.  I  have 
written  unto  you,  young  men, 
becaufe  ye  are  ftrong,  and  the 
word  of  God  abideth  in  you,  and 
ye  have  overcome  the  wicked 
one.  Heb.  V.  12.  For  when  for 
the  time  ye  ought  to  be  teachers, 
ye  have  need  that  one  teach  you 
again  which  be  the  firft  principles 
of  the  oracles  of  God ;  and  are 
become  fuch  as  have  need  of  milk, 
and  not  of  ftrong  meat.  X*  ^3* 
For  every  one  that  ufeth  milk  is 
unfldlful  in  the  word  of  righteoiif- 
nefs:  for  he  is  a  babe.  V.14.  But 
ftrong  meat  belongeth  to  them 
that  are  of  full  age,  even  thofe 
who  by  reafon  of  ufe  have  their 
fenfes  exercifed  to  difcern  both 
good  and  evil. 

*  r  John  i.  8.  And  if  we  fay  that 
we  have  no  fin,  we  deceive  our- 
felves,  and  the  truth  is  not  in  us. 
V.  10.  If  we  fay  that  we  have  not 
finned,  we  make  him  a  lyar,  and 
his  word  is  not  in  us. 

^  2  Cor.  vii.  I.  Having,  there- 
fore, thefe  promifes,  dearly  belo- 
ved, let  U8  cleanfe  ourfelves  from 
all  filthmefs  of  the  flefli  and  fpirit, 
perfefting  holinefs  in  the  fear  of 
God.  Phil.  iii.  12.  Not  as  though 
I  had  already  attained,  either 
were  already  perfeft ;  but  I  follow 
after,  if  that  I  may  apprehend  that 
for  which  alfo  I  am  apprehended 
of  Chrift  Jefus.  V.  13.  Brethren, 
I  count  not  myfelf  to  have  appre- 
hended :  but  this  one  thing  I  do ; 
forgetting 


Jhe  Larger  Catechiftn,  235 

0^78.  Whence  nrifeth  the  imperfedion  of  fanCtification  in 
i  lelieversP  ^ 

i  J.  The  imperfedion  of  fandification  in  believers  ai'ifeth 
ironi  the  remnants  of  fin  abiding  in  every  part  of  them,  and 
the  perpetual  luftings  of  the  flelh  againfl  the  Spirit;  Avhereby 
they  are  often  foiled  with  temptations,  and  fall  into  many 
fins  %  are  hindered  in  all  their  fpiritual  fer vices  ^,  and  their 
bell  works  are  imperfed  and  denied  in  the  fight  of  God  ^ 

Q^  79.  May  not  true  believers  j  by  reafon  of  their  imperfections^ 
and  the  many  temptations  and  fins  they  are  overtaken  ivith,  fall 
I  m»ay  from  the  ftate  of  grace  P 

"'  A.  True  believers,  by  reafon  of  the  unchangeable  love  of 
^od  f,  and  his  decree  and  covenant  to  give  them  perfeverance-, 

their 

forgetting  thofe  things  which  are 
behind,  and  reaching  forth  unto 
thofe  things  which  are  before, 
V.  14.  I  prefs  toward  the  mark, 
for  the  prize  of  the  high  calling  of 
Cod  in  Chrifl  Jefus. 

78.  '^  Rom.  vii.  18.  For  I  know, 
that  in  me  (that  is,  in  my  flefh) 
dwelleth  no  good  thing :  for  to 
will  is  prefent  with  me,  but  how 
to  perform  that  which  is  good  I 
find  not.  V.  25.  But  I  fee  another 
law  in  my  members  warring  a- 
gai^ft  the  law  of  my  mind,  and 
bringing  me  into  captivity  to  the 
law  of  fm  which  is  in  my  mem- 
bers. Mark  xiv.  66.  to  the  end. 
And  as  Peter  was  beneath  in  the 
palace,  there  cometh  one  of  the 
maids  of  the  high  prieft,  <^c.  Gal. 
ii.  II.  But  when  Peter  was  come 
to  Antioch  I  withftood  him  to 
the  face,  becaufe  he  was  to  be 
blamed.  V.  12.  For  before  that 
certain  came  from  James,  he  did 
eat  with  the  Gentiles:  but  when 
they  were  come  he  withdrew,  and 
feparated  himfelf,  fearing  them 
which  were  of  the  circumcifion. 

^  Heb.  xii.  i.  Wherefore,  fee- 
ing we  alfo  are  compafTed  about 
with  fo  great  a  cloud  of  witnefles, 


let  us  lay  afide  every  weight,  and 
the  fin  which  doth  fo  eafily  befet 
us,  and  let  us  run  with  patience 
the  race  that  is  fet  before  us. 

^  Ifa.  Ixiv,  6.  But  we  are  all  as 
an  unclean  thing,  and  all  our  righ- 
teoufnefles  are  as  filthy  rags,  and 
we  all  do  fade  as  a  leaf,  and  our 
iniquities,  like  the  wind,  have  ta- 
kenusaway.  Exod.xxviii.38.And 
it  fnall  be  upon  Aaron's  forehead, 
that  Aaron  may  bear  the  iniquity 
of  the  holy  things,  which  the  chil- 
dren of  Ifrael  fliall  hallow  in  all 
their  holy  gifts :  and  it  fhall  be  al- 
ways upon  his  forehead,  that  they 
may  be  accepted  before  the  Lord. 

79.  fjer.  xxxi.3.TheLordhath 
appeared  of  old  unto  me,  faying. 
Yea,  I  havelovcd  thee  withan  ever- 
lafling  love :  therefore  with  lo- 
ving-kindnefs  have  I  drawn  thee. 

^  2  Tim.  ii.  19.  Neverthelefs, 
the  foundation  of  God  ftandeth 
fure,  havhig  this  feal,  The  Lord 
knoweth  them  that  are  his.  And, 
Let  every  one  that  nameth  the 
name  of  Chrift  depart  from  ini- 
quity. Heb.  xlii.  20.  Now  the 
God  of  peace,  that  brought  again 
from  the  dead  our  Lord  Jefus, 
that  great  Shepherd  of  the  fheep, 
through 


236  7he  Larger  Catechifm. 

their  infeparable  union  with  Chrift  ^,  his  continual  interceflion 
for  them  >,  and  the  Spirit  and  feed  of  God  abiding  in  them  ^y 
can  neither  totally  nor  finally  fall  away  from  the  (late  of 
grace  \  but  are  kept  by  the  power  of  God  through  faith  unto 
lalvation  >». 

•  Q^  80.  Can  true  believers  be  infallibly  ajjured  that  they  are  in 
the  eflate  of  grace,  and  that  they  Jl)aU  per  fever  e  therein  unto 
falvation  P 

J.  Such  as  truly  believe  in  Chrift,  and  endeavour  to  walk 
in  ail  good  confcience  before  him ",  may,  without  exti-aordi- 
nary  revelation,  by  faith  grounded  upon  the  truth  of  God*^ 
promifes,  and  by  the  Spirit  enabling  them  to  difcern  in  them- 
fclves  thofe  graces  to  which  the  promifes  of  life  are  made*, 

and 


through  the  blood  of  the  everlaft- 
ing  covenant,  V.  2 1 .  Make  you 
perfect  in  every  good  work  to  do 
his  will,  working  in  you  that 
which  is  well-pleafing  in  his  fight, 
through  Jefus  Chrift ;  to  whom  be 
glory  for  ever  and  ever.  Amen. 
2  Sam.  xxiii.  5.  Although  my 
Iioufe  be  not  fo  with  God,  yet  he 
liath  made  with  me  an  evcrlafting 
covenant,  ordered  in  all  things 
and  fure  :  for  this  is  all  my  falva- 
tion, and  all  my  defire,  although 
he  make  it  not  to  grow. 

^  I  Cor.  i.  8.  Who  (hall  alfo  con- 
firm you  unto  the  end,  that  ye 
may  be  blamelefs  in  the  day  of 
our  Lord  Jefus  Chrift.  V.9.  God 
is  faithful,  by  whom  ye  were  call- 
ed unto  the  fellowfhip  of  his  Son 
Jefus  Chrift  our  Lord. 

•  Heb.  vii.  25.  Wherefore  he  is 
able  alfo  to  fave  them  to  the  ut- 
termoft  that  come  unto  God  by 
liim,  feeing  he  ever  liveth  to  make 
interct'flion  for  them.  Luke  xx.ii. 
32.  But  I  have  prayed  for  thee, 
that  thy  faith  fail  not;  and  when 
thou  ait  converted  ftrengthen  thy 
brethren. 

^  I  John  iii.  9.  Whofoever  isborn 
of  God  doth  not  commit  fui ;  for 


his  Ceed  remaineth  in  him :  and 
he  cannot  fin,  becaufe  he  is  born' 
of  God.  I  John  ii.  27.  But  the 
anointing  which  ye  have  received 
of  him  abideth  in  you :  and  ye 
need  not  that  any  man  teach  you  ; 
but  as  the  fame  anointing  teach*- 
eth  you  of  all  things,  and  is  truth, 
and  is  no  lye ;  and  even  as  it  hath , 
taught  you,  ye  fliall  abide  in  him. 
^  Jer.  xxxii.  40.  And  I  will  make 
aneverlaftingcovenantwiththem, 
that  I  will  not  turn  away  from 
them  to  do  them  good  ;  but  I 
will  put  my  fear  in  their  hearts, 
that  they  fliall  not  depart  from 
me.  John  x.  28.  And  I  give  unto 
them  eternal  life,  and  they  fliall 
never  perilh,  neither  fhaU  any 
pluck  them  out  of  my  hand. 

"'  I  Pet.  i.  5.  Who  are  kept  by 
the  power  of  God  through  faith 
unto  falvation,  ready  to  be  re- 
vealed in  the  laft  time. 

80.  "  1  John  ii.  3.  And  hereby 
wc  do  know  that  we  know  him, 
if  we  keep  liis  commandments. 

"  I  Cor.  ii.  12.  Now  we  have 
received,  not  the  fpirit  of  the 
world,  but  the  Spirit  which  is  of 
God;  that  we  might  know  the 
things  that  are  freely  given  to  us 

of 


The  Larger  Catechifm. 


^37 


and  bearing  witiiefs  with  their  fpirits  that  they  are  the  children 
of  God  1',  be  infallibly  alFured  that  they  are  in  the  eflate  of 
grace,  and  (liall  perfevere  therein  unto  falvation  •». 

Q^  8i.  Are  all  true  believers  at  all  times  ajjured  of  their  pre- 
fent  being  in  the  eft  ate  of  grace,  and  that  they  flmll  be  fuved  P 

A.  Afllirance  of  gi-ace  and  falvation  not  being  of  the  efTence 
of  faiths  true  believers  may  wait  long  before  they  obtain  it  • ; 

and, 


of  God.  I  John  iii.  14.  We  know 
that  we  have  pafled  from  death 
unto  life,  becaufe  we  love  the 
brethren :  he  that  loveth  not  his 
brother  abideth  in  death.  V.  18. 
My  little  children,  let  us  not  love 
in  word,  neither  in  tongue,  but 
indeed,  and  in  truth.  V.  19.  And 
hereby  we  know  that  we  are  of 
the  truth,  and  Ihail  afllire  our 
hearts  before  him.  V.  21 .  Belo- 
ved, if  our  heart  condemn  us  not, 
then  have  we  confidence  towards 
God.  V.  24.  And  he  that  keepeth 
his  commandments  dwelleth  in 
him,  and  he  in  him:  and  hereby 
we  know  that  he  abideth  in  us, 
by  the  Spirit  which  he  hath  given 
us.     I  John  iv.  13.  Hereby  know 


lieve  on  the  name  of  the  Son  of 
God,  that  ye  may  know  that  ye 
have  eternal  life,  and  that  ye  may 
believe  on  the  name  of  the  Son  of 
God. 

8r.  *^  Eph.  i.  13.  In  whom  ye 
alfo  trufted  after  that  ye  heard  the 
word  <rt' truth,  the  gofpel  of  your 
falvation ;  in  whom  alfo  after  that 
ye  believed  ye  were  fealed  with 
that  holy  Spirit  of  proniife. 

*  Ifa.  1.  10.  Who  is  among  you 
that  feareth  the  Lord,  that  obey- 
eth  the  voice  of  his  fervant,  that 
walketh  in  darknefs,  and  hath  no 
light  ?  let  him  truft  in  the  name 
of  the  Lord,  and  ilay  upon  his 
God.  Pfal.  Ixxxviii.  throughout. 
V.  I .  O  Lord  God  of  my  falvation, 
I  have  cried  day  and  night  before 
thee :  V.  2.  Let  my  prayer  come 
before  thee  :  incline  thine  ear  un- 
to my  cry  ;  V.  3.  For  my  foul  is 
full  of  troubles:  and  my  lifedraw- 
eth  nigh  unto  the  grave. — V.  6. 
Thou  haft  laid  me  in  the  loweft 
pit,  in  darknefs,  in  the  deeps- 
V.  7.  Thy  wrath  lieth  hard  upon 
me,  and  thou  haft  afRi£led  me  with 
ail  thy  waves.  Selah.  -  V.  9. 
Mine  eye  mourneth  by  reafon  of 
affliftion:  Lord,  I  have  called 
daily  upon  thee,  I  have  ftretched 
out  Miy  hands  unto  thee.  V.  10. 
Wilt  thou  ftiew  wonders  to  the 
dead?  —  V.  13.  But  unto  thee  have 
I  cried.  O  Lord,  -.xWiX  in  the  morn- 
ing fhall  my  prayer  prevent  thee. 
V.  14.  Lord,  why  cafteft  thou  off 

my 


238 


ne  Larger  Catechifm. 


and,  after  the  enjoyment  thereof,  may  have  it  weakened  and 
intermitted,  through  manifold  dillempers,  fins,  temptations, 
and  defertions  ^ ;  yet  are  they  never  left  without  fuch  a  pre- 
fence  and  fupport  of  die  Spirit  of  God  as  keeps  them  from 
finking  into  utter  defpair  ^  '  ^^  3^^  ^^^^ 


my  foul  ?  why  hidefl:  thou  thy  face 
from  me?  V.  15.  I  am  afflifted 
and  ready  to  die  from  my  youth 
up :  while  I  fuffer  thy  terrors  I 
am  diftrafted,  <^c. 

'  [Pfal.  Ixxvii.  I.   to  the  12th 
Verfe.'\    V.  i.  I  cried  unto  God 
with  my  voice,  even  unto  God 
with  my  voice ;  and  he  gave  ear 
unto  me.   V.  2 .  In  the  day  of  my 
trouble  I  fought  the  Lord:   my 
fore  ran  in  the  night,  and  ceafed 
not :  my  foul  refufed  to  be  com- 
forted.   V.  3.  I  remembered  God, 
and  was  troubled  :  I  complained, 
and  my  fpirit  was  overwhelmed. 
V.  7.  Will  the  Lord  caft  off  for 
ever  ?  and  will  he  be  favourable 
no  more  ?  <i;c.   Cant.  v.  2 .  I  fleep, 
but  my  heart  waketh :  it  is  the 
voice  of  my  beloved  that  knock- 
eth,  faying,  Open  to  me,  my  fifter, 
my  love,  my  dove,  my  undefiled ! 
for  my  head  is  filled  with  dew, 
and  my  locks  with  the  drops  of  the 
night.    V.  3.  I  have  put  off  my 
coat,  how  fliall  I  put  it  on  ?  I  have 
waflied  my  feet,  how  fliall  1  defile 
them  ?    V.  6.  I  opened  to  my  be- 
loved, but  my  beloved  had  with- 
drawn himfelf,  and  was  gone  :  my 
foul   failed  when   he    fpake :    I 
fought  him,  but  I  could  not  find 
him;  I  called  him,  but  he  gave 
me  no  anfwer.    Pfal.  li.  8.  Make 
me  to  hear  joy  and  gladnefs  :  that 
the  bones  which  thou  haft  broken 
may  rejoice.    V.  12.  Reftore  unto 
me  the  joy  of  f^v  falvation;  and 
uphold  me  with  thy  free  Spirit. 
Pfal.  Kxxi.  22.  For  I  faid  in  my 
hafte,  I  am  cut  otF  from  before 


thine  eyes ;  neverthelefs  thou 
heardeft  the  voice  of  my  fupplica- 
tions  when  I  cried  unto  thee. 
Pfal.  xxi.  I.  My  God,  my  God, 
why  haft  thou  forfaken  me  .'*  why 
art  thou  fo  far  from  helping  me, 
and  from  the  words  of  my  roar- 
ing? 

^  I  John  iii.  9.  Whofoever  is 
born   of  God  doth  not  commit 
fin  J  for  his  feed  remaineth  in  him : 
and  he  cannot  fin,  becaufe  he  is 
born  of  God.  Job  xiii.  15.  Though 
he  flay  me,  yet  will  I  truft  in  him: 
but  I  will  maintain  mine  own 
ways  before  him.  Pfal .  Ixxiii,  1 5. 
If  I  fay,  I  will  fpeak  thus:  be- 
hold, I  fliould  offend  againft  the 
generation  of  thy  children.  V.23. 
Neverthelefs,    I    am  continually 
with  thee  :  thou  haft  holden  me 
by  my  right  hand.     Ifa.  liv.  7. 
For  a  fmall  moment  have  I  for- 
faken thee ;  but  with  great  mer- 
cies will  I  gather  thee.    V.  8.  In 
a  little  wrath  I  hid  my  face  from 
thee  for  a  moment ;  but  with  ever- 
lafting  kindnefs  will  I  have  mercy 
on  thee,  faith  the  Lord  thy  Re- 
deemer.    V.  9.  For  this  is  as  tlie 
waters  of  Noah  unto  me :  for  as  , 
I  have  fworn  that  the  waters  of 
Noah  fliould  no  more  go  over  the 
earth;    fo   have  I  fworn  that  I 
would  not  be  wroth  with  thee, 
nor  rebuke  thee.    V.  10.  For  the 
mountains  fliall  depart,  and  the 
hills  be  removed;  but  my  kind- 
nefs ihall  not  depart  from  thee, 
neither  ihall  the  covenant  of  my 
peace  ha  removed,  faith  the  Lord 
that  hath  mercy  on  thee. 

82.''2Gon 


^he  Larger  Ccitech ifm.  239 

Q^  82.  What  is  the  communion  in  glory  ivhlch  the  members 
tfthe  invifibk  church  have  vj'uh  Chriji  P 

A.  The  communion  in  glory,  which  the  members  of  the 
inviiible  church  have  with  Chrifl,  is  in  this  life  ^,  immediately 
after  death'',  and  at  laft  perfected  at  the  refurredion  and  day 
ofjudgmenty. 

(^83.  What  is  the  communion  in  glory  luith  Chriji  'which 
the  members  of  the  invifible  church  enjoy  in  this  life? 

A.  The  members  of  the  invifible  church  have  communicated 
to  them  in  this  life  the  fii'ft-fmits  of  glory  with  Chrill,  as 
they  are  members  of  him  their  head,  and  fo  in  him  are  in- 
terefled  in  that  glory  \\  hich  he  is  fully  pofTeffed  of  ^ ;  and, 
as  an  earnefl  thereof,  enjoy  the  fenfe  of  God's  love  %  peace 
of  confcience,  joy  in  the  Holy  Ghoil,  and  hope  of  glory  ^  : 
as,  on  the  contrary,  fenfe  of  God's  revenging  wrath,  horror 
of  confcience,  and  a  fearful  expedation  of  judgment,  are  to 
the  wicked  the  beginning  of  their  torments  which  they  Hi  all 
endure  after  death  c.  ^  g^^  ^^^^^^ 


82.  ^^  2  Cor.  iii.  i2.  But  we  all 
with  open  face,  beholding  as  in  a 
glafs  the  glory  of  the  Lord,  are 
changed  into  tiie  fame  image,  from 
glory  to  glory,  even  as  by  the  Spi- 
rit of  the  Lord. 

*  Luke  xxiii.  43.  And  Jefus  faid 
unto  him,  Verily  I  fay  unto  thee, 
To-day  (halt  thou  be  with  me  in 
paradife. 

^  I  ThefT.  iv.  1 7.  Then  we  which 
are  alive  and  remain  fhall  be 
caught  up  together  with  them  in 
the  clouds,  to  meet  the  Lord  in 
the  air ;  and  fo  fliall  we  ever  be 
with  the  Lord. 

83.  *  Eph.  ii.  5.  Even  when  we 
were  dead  in  fms,  hath  quickened 
us  together  with  Chrift,  ( by  grace 
ye  are  faved,)  V.  6.  And  hath 
raifed  us  up  together,  and  made 
us  fit  together  in  heavenly  places 
in  Chrift  Jefus. 

■  Rom.  V.  5.  And  hope  maketh 
not  aftiamed,  becaufe  the  love  of 
God  is  (hed  abroad  in  our  hearts, 


by  the  Holy  Ghoft  which  is  given 
unto  us.  Compared  with  2  Cor.  i. 
22.  Who  hath  alfo  fealed  us,  and 
given  the  earneft  of  the  Spirit  in 
our  hearts. 

''  Rom.  V.  r.  Therefore  being 
juftified  by  faith,  we  have  peace 
with  God  through  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift.  V.  2.  By  whom  alfo  we 
have  accefs  by  faith  into  this  grace 
wherein  we  ftand,  and  rejoice  in 
hope  of  the  glory  of  God.  Rom. 
xiv.  17.  For  the  kingdom  of  God 
is  not  meat  and  drink,  butrighte- 
oufnefs,  and  peace,  and  joy  in  the 
Holy  Ghoft. 

•^  Gen.  iv.  13.  And  Cain  faid  unto 
the  Lord,  My  punirtiment  is  greater 
than  I  can  bear.  Mat.  xxvii.  4. 
Saying,  I  have  finned,  in  that  I 
have  betrayed  the  innocent  blood. 
And  they  faid,  What  is  that  to  us  ? 
fee  thou  to  that.  Heb.  x.  27 .  But 
a  certain  fearful  looking  for  of 
judgment,  and  fiery  indignation, 
which  (hall  devour  the  adverfa- 
ries. 


240 


ne  Larger  CateclA/jfi. 


Q^  84.  Shall  all  men  die? 

A.  Death  being  threatened  as  the  wages  of  fin  %  It  is  ap- 
pointed unto  all  men  once  to  die  ^ ;  for  that  all  have  finned^. 

Q^  85.  Death  being  the  njoages  of  fm^  luhy  a?e  iiot  the  righ- 
teous delivered  from  death,  feeing  all  their  fins  are  forgiven  in 
ChrifiP 

A.  The  righteous  fliall  be  delivered  from  death  itielf  at 
the  lafl  day,  and  even  in  deatli  are  delivered  from  the  fling^ 
and  curfe  of  it  e;  fo  that,  although  they  die,  yet  it  is  out  of 
God's  love  »>,  to  free  them  perfectly  from  fm  and  mifery  i,  and 
to  make  them  capable  of  further  communion  with  Chriil  in 
glory,  which  they  then  enter  upon  ^» 

0^86  What 


ries.  Rom.  ii.  9.  Tribulation  and 
anguifli  upon  every  foul  of  man 
that  doeth  evil,  of  the  Jew  firft, 
and  alfo  of  the  Gentile.  Mark 
ix.  44.  Where  their  worm  dieth 
not,  and  the  fire  is  not  quenched. 

84.  **Rom.  vi.23.  For  the  wages 
of  fm  is  death  ?  but  the  gift  of  God 
is  eternal  life,  throughjefus  Chrift 
our  Lord. 

*  Heb  ix.  27.  And  as  it  is  ap- 
pointed unto  men  once  to  die,  but 
after  this  the  judgment. 

*■  Rom.  V.  12.  Wherefore,  as 
by  one  man  fm  entered  into  the 
world,  and  death  by  fm  ;  and  fo 
death  pafled  upon  all  men,  for 
that  all  have  finned. 

^S-  ^  I  Cor.  XV.  26.  The  lafl: 
enemy  that  fliall  be  deftroyed  is 
death.  ^^  V.  ss  O  death!  where 
is  thy  fting  ?  O  grave  !  where  is 
thv  viaory?  V.  56.  The  fl:ing 
of  depth  is  fm  ;  and  the  ftrength 
of  fin  is  the  law.  V.  57.  But 
thanks  be  to  God,  which  giveth 
us  the  victory,  through  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift.  Heb.  ii.  15.  And 
deliver  them  who  through  fear  of 
death  were  all  their  lifetime  fub- 
jeft  to  bondage 

^  Ifa.  Ivii.  I.  The  righteous 
perilhetli,  and  no  man  layeth  it 


to  heart ;  and  merciful  men  are 
taken  away,  none  confidering  that 
the  righteous  is  taken  away  from 
the  evil  to  come.  V.  2 .  He  fiiall 
enter  into  peace,  they  fliall  reft  in 
their  beds,  each  one  walking  in 
his uprightnefs.  2  Kings  xxii.  20. 
Behold,  therefore,  I  will  gather 
thee  unto  thy  fathers,  and  thou 
flialt  be  gathered  into  thy  grave 
in  peace,  and  thine  eyes  fliall  not 
fee  all  the  evil  which  I  will  bring 
upon  this  place. 

'  Rev.  xiv.  13.  And  I  heard  a 
voice  from  heaven,  faying  unto 
me.  Write,  Blefled  are  the  dead 
which  die  in  the  Lord,  from 
henceforth :  yea,  faith  the  Spirit, 
that  they  may  reft  from  their  la- 
bours; and  their  works  do  follow 
them.  Eph.v.  27 .  That  he  might 
prefent  it  to  himfelf  a  glorious 
church,  not  having  fpot  or  wrinkle, 
or  any  fuch  thing;  but  that  it 
fliould  be  holy,  and  without  ble- 
mifli. 

^  Luke  xxiii.  43.  And  Jefus  faid 
unto  him.  Verily  I  fay  unto  thee. 
To-day  flialt  thou  be  with  me  in 
paradife.  Phil.  i.  23.  For  1  am  in 
a  ftrait  betwixt  two,  having  a 
defire  to  depart,  and  to  be  with 
Chrift ;  which  is  far  better. 

86.  »Heb. 


The  Larger  Catechifm.  -  241 

Q^  86.  IVbtTt  is  the  com7mmion  in  glory  ivith  Chri/1,  vjhich 
members  of  the  vm[ihle  church  enjoy  immediately  after 
mth  ? 

A.  The  communion  in  glory  with  Chrift,  which  the  mem- 
bers of  the  invifible  church  enjoy  immediately  after  death,  is, 
in  that  theii*  Ibuls  are  then  made  perfect  in  holinefs ',  and  re- 
ceived into  the  highefl:  heavens"',  where  they  behold  the  face 
of  God  in  light  and  glory  °,  waiting  for  the  full  redemption  of 
their  bodies  %  which  even  in  death  continue  united  to  Chriil  i', 
and  red  in  their  graves  as  in  their  beds'j,  till  at  the  lad  day 
they  be  again  united  to  their  fouls  ^    Whereas  the  fouls  of 

the 


86.1  Heb.  xii.  23.  To  the  gene- 
lal  aflembly  and  church  of  the 
firft-born,  which  are  written  in 
heaven,  and  to  God  the  judge  of 
all,  and  to  the  fplrits  of  juft  men 
made  perfect. 

"'  2  Cor.  V,  r.  For  we  know, 
that  if  our  earthly  houfe  of  this 
tabernacle  were  diflblved,  we 
have  a  building  of  God,  an  houfe 
not  made  with  hands,  eternal  in 
the  heavens.  V.  6.  I'herefore  we 
are  always  confident,  knowing 
that  whilil:  we  are  at  home  in  the 
body  we  are  abfent  from  the 
Lord.  V.  8.  We  are  confident,  I 
fay,  and  willing  rather  to  be  ab- 
fent from  the  body,  and  to  be  pre- 
fent  with  the  Lord.  Phil.  i.  23. 
For  I  am  in  a  ftrait  betwixt  two, 
having  a  defire  to  depart,  and  to 
be  with  Chriil ;  which  is  far  bet- 
ter. Compared  with  A6ls  iii.  2  r . 
Whom  the  heaven  rnuft  receive 
until  the  times  of  reditution  of  ail 
'things,  which  God  hath  fpoken  by 
the  mouth  of  all  his  holy  prophets 
(ince  the  world  began.  And  with 
Eph.  iv.  10.  He  that  defcended  is 
the  fame  alfo  that  afcended  up  far 
above  all  heavens,  that  he  might 
till  all  things. 

"  /  John  iii.  2.   Beloved,    now 
are  we  the  fons  of  God;  and  it 
* 


doth  not  yet  appear  what  we  fhall 
be  :  but  we  know  that,  when  he 
lliall  appear,  we  fliall  be  like  him; 
for  we  Ihall  fee  him  as  he  is. 
I  Cor.  xiii.  12.  For  now  we  fee 
through  a  glafs,  darkly;  but  then 
face  to  face :  now  I  know  in  part; 
but  then  fliall  I  know  even  as  alfo 
I  am  known. 

"  Rom.  viii.  23.  And  not  unly 
they,  but  ourfelves  alfo,  which 
have  the  tirft -fruits  of  the  Spirit, 
even  we  ourfelves  groan  within 
ourfelves,  waiting  for  the  adop- 
tion, to  .wit,  the  redemption  of 
our  body.  Pfal.  xvi.  9.  Therefore 
my  heart  is  glad,  and  my  glory 
rejoiceth :  my  fielh  alfo  (hall  rell 
in  hope. 

^  I  Thefl'.  iv.  14.  For  if  we  be- 
lieve that  Jefus  died,  and  rofe  a- 
gain,  even  fo  them  alfo  which  deep 
in  Jefus  will  God  bring  with  him. 

■^  Ifa.  Ivii.  2.  He  fliall  enter  into 
peace ;  they  fliall  reft  in  their  beds, 
each  one  walking  in  his  upright- 
nefs. 

""  Job  xix.  26.  And  though  after 
my  Ikin  worms  deftroy  this  body» 
yet  in  my  fle(h  Hiall  I  fee  God  ; 
V.  27.  Whom  I  fliall  fee  for  my- 
felf,  and  mine  eyes  fliall  behold, 
and  not  another ;  though  my  reins 
be  confumed  within,  met 

L  '  Luke 


242  The  Larger  Catecbifm. 

the  wicked  are  at  their  death  call  into  hell,  where  they  remain 
in  torments  and  utter  darknefs,  and  their  bodies  kept  in  their 
graves  as  in  their  prifons,  till  the  refiirreaion  and  judgment 
of  the  great  day  \ 

O.  87.  JVhat  are  vje  to  believe  concenmig  the  rcfwrectionP 
A.  We  are  to  believe,  that  at  the  laft  day  there  lliall  be 
a  general  refurredion  of  the  dead,  both  of  the  iiift  and 
unjufl  %  when  they  that  are  then  found  alive  fliall  in  a 
monient^  be  changed ;  and  the  felf-fame  bodies  of  the 
dead  which  were  laid  in  the  grave,  being  then  again  united 
to  tlieir  fouls  for  ever,  (liall  be  railed  up  by  the  power  of - 
Chriii '-.  The  bodies  of  the  juft,  by  the  Spirit  of  Chrill,  and 
by  virtue  of  his  reliirredion  as  their  head,  iliaii  be  raifed  in 

power, 


'  Luke  xvi.  23.  And  in  hell  he 
lifted  up  his  eyes,  being  in  tor- 
ments, and  feeth  Abraham  afar 
off,  and  Lazarus  in  his  bofom. 
V.  24.  And  he  cried,  and  faid, 
Father  Abraham,  have  mercy  on 
me  ;  and  fend  Lazarus,  that  he 
may  dip  the  tip  of  his  finger  in 
water,  and  cool  my  tonrue  ;  for  I 
am  tormented  in  this  flame.  Acts 
i.  25.  That  he  may  take  part  of 
this  miniftry  and  apo{tlef]liip,from 
which  Judas  by  tranfgreHion  fell, 
that  he  might  go  to  his  own  place. 
Jude,  Ver.  6.  And  the  angels 
which  kept  not  their  firft  eftate, 
but  left  their  own  habitation^  he 
hath  referved  in  everlafting  chains 
\mder  darknefs,  unto  the  judg- 
ment of  the  great  day.  V.  7. 
Even  as  Sodom  and  Gomorrlia, 
and  the  cities  about  them,  in  like 
manner  giving  themfelves  over 
to  fornication,  and  going  after 
rtrange  flefli,  are  fet  forth  for  an 
example,  fuffering  the  vengeance 
of  eternal  fire. 

87.  ^  Afts  xxiv.  15.  And  have 
hope  towards  God,  which  they 
themfelves  alfo  allow,  that  there 
(hall  be  a  refiirreclion  of  the  dead, 
both  of  the  jult  and  unjult. 


''  r  Cor.  XV.  5  r .  Behold,  I  fhew 
you  a  myftery  ;  We  Ihall  not  all 
fleep,  but  we  (hall  all  be  changed^ 
V.  52.  In  a  mon^nt,  in  the  twink- 
ling of  an  eye,  at  the  laft  trump: 
for  the  trumpet  fliall  found,  and 
the  dead  fliali  be  raifed  incor- 
ruptible, and  we  fliall  be  changed. 
'y '  S2,-  ^^^  this  corruptible  muft 
put  on  incorruption,  and  this 
mortal  muft  put  on  immortality. 
I  TheflT.  iv.  15.  For  this  we  fay 
unto  you  by  the  word  of  the  Lord, 
that  we  which  are  alive  and  re- 
main unto  the  coming  of  the  Lord 
fliall  not  prevent  them  which  are 
aflecp.  V.  16.  For  the  Lord  him- 
felf  fliall  defcend  from  heaven 
with  a  fliout,  with  the  voice  of 
the  archangel ,  and  with  the  trump 
of  God;  and  the  dead  in  Chrilt 
fliall  rife  firft  :  V.  1 7 .  Then  we 
which  arc  alive  and  remain  fhall 
be  caught  up  together  with  them 
in  the  clouds,  to  meet  the  Lord  in 
the  air :  and  fo  fliall  we  ever  be 
with  the  Lord.  John  v.  28.  TvL^r- 
vel  not  at  this :  for  the  hour  is 
coming,  in  the  which  all  that  are 
in  the  graves  jhall  hear  his  voice, 
V.  29.  And  fliall  come  forth  ;  they 
that  have  done  good  unto  the  re- 
furreftion 


The  Larger  Catechifiii.  243 

power,  fpirkual,  incorruptible,  and  niade  like  to  his  glorious 
body  '^ ;  and  the  bodies  di  the  wicked  (liali  be  raifed  up  in 
dilhonour  by  him,  as  an  offended  judge  '^. 

0.  88.  JVbat  Jhall  hwucdlutely  foUoiv  after  the  refwrccnon? 

A  Immediately  after  the  refurreftion  fliall  follow  the  ge- 
neral and  final  judgment  of  angels  and  men  y ;  the  day  and 
hour  whereof  no  man  knoweth,  that  ail  may  watch  and  pr: 
and  be  ever  ready  for  the  coming  of  the  Lord 


y> 


Q.  89.  / 


furrecTion  of  life :  and  they  that 
have  done  evil  unto  the  refiUTec- 
tion  of  damnation. 

''  I  Cor.  XV.  21.  For  fince  by 
man  came  death,  by  man  came  alfo 
therefurrectionofthedead.  V.22. 
For  as  in  Adam  all  die,  even  fo 
in  Ghiift  fhall  all  be  made  alive. 
v.  23.  But  every  man  in  his  own 
order  :  Chrilt  the  tirft-fruits,  af- 
terward they  tliat  are  Cliril't's  at 
his  coming.  V.  42.  So  alfo  is  the 
relurredion  of  the  dead.  It  is 
fown  in  corruption,  it  is  raifed  in 
incorruption:  V.  43.  It  is  fown 
in  diilionour,  it  is  raifed  in  glory  : 
it  is  fown  in  weaknefs,  it  is  raifed 
in  power:  V.  44.  It  is  fo\\'n  a 
natural  body,  it  is  raifed  a  fpiri- 
t«al  body.  Phil.  iii.  21.  Who  (hall 
change  our  vile  body,  that  it  may 
befalliioned  like  unto  his  glorious 
body,  according  to  the  working 
whereby  he  is  able  even  to  fubdue 
all  things  unto  ifimfelf. 

*  John  V.  27.  And  hath  given 
him  authority  to  execute  judg- 
ment alfo,  becaufe  he  is  the  Son 
of  man.  V.  2%^  Marv'el  not  at 
this:  for  the  hour  is  coming,  in 
the  which  all  that  are  in  the 
graves  fliall  hear  his  voice,  V.  29. 
And  fnall  come  forth  ;  they  that 
have  done  good  unto  the  refur- 
redion  of  life ;  and  they  that  have 
done  evil  unto  the  refiureclion 
of  damnation.  Matth.  xxv.  33. 
And  he  fliall  fet  the  Iheep  on  his 


right  hand,  but  the  goats  on  the 
left. 

88.  ^  2  Pet.  ii,  4-  For  if  God 
fpared  not  the  angels  that  fmned, 
but  cad  them  down  to  hell,  and 
delivered  them  into  chains  of 
darknefs,  ro  be  referved  unto 
judgment.  Jude,  Ver.  6.  And  the 
angels  which  kept  not  their  firf: 
eftate,  but  left  their  own  habita- 
tion, he  hatii  referved  in  everlall:- 
ing  chains  under  darknefs,  unto 
the  judgment  of  the  great  day. 
V.  7.  Even  as  Sodom  and  Go- 
morrha.  and  the  cities  about  them, 
in  like  manner  giving  themfeives 
over  to  fornication,  and  going  after 
ftrange  flelh,  are  fet  forth  for  an 
example,  fuffering  the  vengeance 
of  eternal  fire.  V.  14.  And  Enoch 
alfo,  the  feventh  from  Adam,  pro- 
pheficd  of  thefe,  faying,  Behold, 
the  Lord  cometh  with  ten  thou- 
fands  of  his  faints,  V.  15.  To 
execute  judgment  upon  alL  and 
to  convince  all  that  are  ungodly 
among  them  of  all  their  ungodly 
deeds  wliich  they  have  ungodly 
committed,  and  of  all  their  hard 
fpeeches  which  ungodly  fmners 
have  fpoken  againlt  him.  Mat. 
xxv.  46.  And  thefe  fnall  go  away 
into  everlalling  punifhment :  but 
the  righteous  into  life  eternal. 

^  Mat.  xxiv.  36.  But  of  that  day 

and  hour  knoweth  lu-  man,  no, 

not  the  angels  of  heaven,  but  my 

Father  only.  V.  42.  Watch,  there- 

L  2  fore, 


244 


^he  Larger  Catechifm, 


(^  89.  IVhat  [ball  he  done  to  the  wicked  at  the  day  f)fjud<y^ 
nicjitf  ^ 

A,  At  the  day  of  judgment  tlie  wicked  fhall  be  fet  on 
Clirift's  left  hand  »,  and,  upon  clear  evidence  and  full  con- 
vidion  (}^  their  own  confciences  ^^  fliall  have  the  fearful  but 
jull  fcntence  of  condemnation  pronounced  againil:  them  <= ; 
and  thereupon  fliall  be  call  out  from  the  favourable  prefence 
of  God,  and  the  glorious  fellowiliip  with  Chiift,  his  iaints, 
and  all  his  holy  angels,  into  hell,\o  be  puniilied  with  un- 
fpeakable  torments,  both  of  bodj  and  foul,  witli  the  devil 
and  his  angels  for  ever  ^, 

Q^  90.  What  f)  ail  he  done  to  the  righteous  at. the  day  of  judg- 
ment P 

A.  At  thQ  day  of  judgment  the  righteous,  being  caught 

lliaii  be  let  on  his  right  hand, 

and 


up  to  Chriii  in  the  clouds 


fore,  for  3/e  know  not  what  hour 
your  Lord  doth  come.  V.  44. 
Therefore  be  ye  aUb  ready  :  for 
in  Inch  an  hour  as  ye  think  not 
the  Son  of  man  cometh.  Luke 
xxi.  35.  For  as  a  fnare  fhall  it 
come  on  all  them  that  dwell  en 
the  face  ofthe  whole  earth.  V.  36. 
Watch  ye,  therefore,  and  pray 
always,  that  ye  may  be  accounted 
worthy  to  efcape  all  tliefe  things 
that  Ihall  come  to  pafs,  and  to 
ttand  before  the  Son  of  man. 

89.  "  Mat.  XXV.  33.  And  he 
fliall  fet  the  fliecp  on  his  right 
hand,  but  the  goats  on  the  left. 

''  Rom.  ii.  15.  Wliich  (hew  the 
work  of  the  law  written  in  their 
hearts,  their  confcience  alfo  bear- 
ing witnefs,  and  their  thoughts 
the  mean  while  acciifmg  or  elfe 
exculing  one  another.  V.  16.  In 
the  day  wlien  God  fliall  judge  the 
fecrets  of  men  by  Jefus  Chrifl, 
according  to  my  gofpel. 

■^  Mat.  XXV.  41.  Then  fliall  he 
fay  alfo  unto  them  on  the  left 
hand,  Depart  from  me,  yecurfed, 
Jiito  everlalting  lire,  prepared  for 


the  devil  and  his  angels.  V.  42. 
For  I  was  an  hungered,  and  ye 
gave  me  no  meat  :  I  was  thirily, 
and  ye  gave  me  no  drink  :  V.  43. 
I  was  a  ftranger,  and  ye  took  me 
not  in :  naked,  and  ye  clothed 
me  not :  fick,  and  in  prifon,  and 
ye  vifited  me  not. 

d  Luke  xvi.  26.  And  befides 
all  this,  between  us  -and  you 
there  is  a  great  gulf  fixed  :  fo 
that  they  which  would  pafs  from 
hence  to  you  cannot;  neither 
can  they  pafs  to  us  that  would 
come  from  thence.  2  TheflT.  i.  8. 
In  flaming  fire,  taking  venge- 
ance on  them  that  know  not 
God,  and  that  obey  not  the  go- 
fpel  of  our  Lord  Jefus  Chriii  : 
V.  9.  Who  fliall  be  puniflied  with 
everlafting  deilruiStion  from  the 
prefence  of  the  Lordy  and  from 
the  glory  of  his  power. 

90.  "  I  Thclf  iv.  17.  Then  we 
which  are  alive  and  remain  fliall 
be  caught  up  together  with  them 
in  the  clouds,  to  meet  the  Lord 
in  the  air  ;  and  fo  fliall  we  ever 
be  with  the  Lord. 

f  Mat. 


The  Larger  Gate chijm,  245 

aJicl  tli^re  openly  acknowledged  and  acquitted  <",  fliall  joiiv 
with  him  in  the  'judging  of  reprobate  angels  and  men  e;  and' 
fliall  be  received  into  heaven  ^  where  they  lliail  be  fully 
and  for  ever  freed  from  all  frn  and  mifery  ^ ;  filled  with 
inconceivable  joys  ^,  made  perfedly  holy  and  happy  both  in 
body  and  foul  in  the  company  of  innumerable  faints  and  holy 
anixels  ',  but  efpecially  in  the  immediate  vifion  and  fruition 
of  l3od  the  Father,  of  our  Lord  Jefus  Clirift,  and  of  the 
Holy  Spirit,  to  all  eternity  '^.  And  this  is  the  perfed  and  full 
connnunion,  which  the  members  of  the  invifible  churclr 
fliall  enjoy  with  Chrifl  in  glory,  at  die  refurrecTiion  and  d^y 
of  judgment. 

Having 


f  5lat.  XXV.  33.  And  he  fiiall 
fet  the  flieep  on  his  right  hand, 
but  the  goats  on  the  left.  Mat. 
X.32.  Whofoever,  therefore,  fliall 
confefs  me  before  men,  him  will 
I  confefs  alfo  before  my  Father 
which  is  in  heaven. 

*  I  Cor.  vi.  2.  Do  ye  not  know 
that  the  faints  fliall  judge  the- 
world  ?  and  if  the  world  Ihall  be 
judged  by  yon,  are  ye  unworthy 
to  judge  the  fmallefl  matters? 
V.  3.  Know  ye  not  that  we  fliall 
judge  angels?  how  much  more 
things  that  pertain  to  this  life  ? 

'•  Mat.  XXV.  34.  Then  fliall  the 
King  fay  unto  them  on  his  right 
hand,  Come,  ye  bleffed  of  my 
Father,  inherit  the  kingdom  pre- 
pared for  you  from  the  founda- 
tion of  the  world.  V.  46.  And 
thefe  Ihall  go  away  into  everlaft- 
ing  puniflimcnt :  but  the  righ- 
teous into  life  eternal. 

'  Eph.v.  27.  Thathemightpre- 
fent  i t  to  himfelf  a  glorious  church, 
not  having  fpot,  or  wrinkle, or  any 
filch  thing  ;  but  that  it  fliould  be 
holy,  and  without  blemifli.  Rev. 
xiv.  r3.  Audi  heard  a  voice  from 
heaven,  faying  unto  me.  Write, 
Blelfed  are  the  dead  which  die  in 
the  Lord,  from  henceforth  :  yea, 


faith  the  Spirit,  that  they  may 
reft  from  their  labours ;  and  their 
works  do  follow  them. 

k  Pfal.  xvi.  1 1 .  Thou  wilt  fliew 
me  the  path  of  life  :  in  thy  pre- 
fence  is  fulnefs  of  joy,  at  thy 
right  hand  there  are  pleafures  for 
evermore. 

1  Heb.  xii.  22.  But  ye  are  come 
unto  mount  Sion,  and  unto  the 
city  of  the  living  God,  the  hea- 
venly Jerufalem,  and  to  an  in- 
numerable company  of  angels, 
V.  23.  To  the  general  aflembly 
and  church  of  thefirft-born,  which 
are  written  in  heaven,  and  to  God 
the  judge  of  all,  and  to  the  fpirits 
of  juft  men  made  perfeft. 

"*  I  John  iii.  2.  Beloved,  now 
are  we  the  fons  of  God;  and  it 
doth  not  yet  appear  what  we  fliall 
be :  but  we  know  that,  when  he 
fliall  appear,  we  fliall  be  like  him, ; 
for  we  ihall  fee  him  as  he  is.  i  Cor. 
xiii.  1 2 .  For  now  we  fee  through 
a  glafs,  darkly  :  but  then  face  to 
face  :  now  I  know  in  part ;  but 
then  fliall  I  know  even  as  alfo  I 
am  known,  i  TheflT.  iv.  17.  Then 
we  which  are  alive  and  remain 
fliall  be  caught  up  together  with 
them  in  the  clouds,  to  meet  the 
J-ord  in  the  air  j  and  fo  fhall  we 
L  3  ever 


246 


TJoe  Larger  Catcchifm, 


Having  feenwhat  the  Scriptures  principally  teach 
us  to  believe  concerning  God,  it  follows  to 
confider  what  they  require  as  the  Duty  of  Man. 

Qj,  91.  V/b  at  IS  the  duty  which  God  reqidreth  of  man  P 
^  A.  The  duty  wliich  God  requireth  of  man,  is  obedience  to 
his  revealed  will  '^. 

0^92.  JVhat  did  God  at  firjl  reveal  unto  man  as  the  rule  of 
his  obedience? 

A,  The  rule  of  obedience  revealed  to  Adam  in  the  eftate 
of  innocence,  and  to  all  mankind  in  him,  befides  a  fpeciai 
command  not  to  eat  of  the  fruit  of  the  tree  of  the  knowledge 
of  good  and  evil,  v; as- the  moral  law '^. 

Qj  93 .  JVhat  is  the  moral  laxv  P 

A,  The  moral  law  is  tiie  deciai-alion  of  the  will  of  God  to 
mankind,  directing  and  binding  every  one  to  perfonal,  per- 

tecl, 


ever  be  v*ith  the  Lord.  V.  18. 
Wherefore  comfort  one  another 
with  thefe  words. 

91.  "  Rom.  xii.  i.  I  befeech 
3:ou,  therefore,  brethren,  by  the 
mercies  of  God,  that  ye  prefent 
your  bodies  a  living  facrltice,  holy, 
acceptable  unto  God,  whic^h  is 
your  reafonable  fervice.  V.  2. 
And  be  not  conformed  to  this 
v/orid ;  but  be  ye  transformed 
by  the  renewing  of  your  mind, 
that  ye  n^  prove  what  is  that 
good,  and  acceptable,  and  per- 
fect will  of  God.  Micah  vi.  8. 
He  hath  fhewed  thee,  O  man, 
what  is  good ;  and  what  doth  the 
Lord  require  of  thee,  but  to  do 
jultly,  and  to  love  mercy,  and  to 
walk  humbly  with  thy  God  ? 
I  Sam.  XV.  22.  And  Samuel  faid, 
Hath  the  Lord  as  great  delight  in 
burnt-offerings  and  facritices,  as 
in  obeying  the  voice  of  the  Lord? 
Behold,  to  obey  is  better  than 
facrifice  ;  and  to  hearken  than  tlie 
fat  of  rams. 


92.  **  Gen.  i.  26.  And  God  faid, 
Let  us  make  man  in  our  image, 
after  our  likenefs  :  and  let  them 
have  dominion  over  the  tidi  of  the 
fea,  and  over  the  fowl  of  the  air, 
and  over  the  cattle,  and  over  all 
the  eartli,  and  over  every  creep- 
ing thing  that  creepeth  upon  the 
earth.  V.  27.  So  God  created 
man  in  his  own  image,  in  the 
image  of  God  created  he  him  ; 
male  and  female  created  he  them. 
Rom.  ii.  14.  For  when  the  Gen- 
tiles, which  have  not  the  law, 
do  by  natiu^e  the  things  contained 
in  the  law,  thefe,  having  not  the 
law,  are  a  law  unto  themfelves : 
V.  15.  Which  Jhew  the  work  of 
the  law  written  in  their  hearts, 
their  confciente  alfo  bearing  wit- 
nefs,  and  their  thoughts  the  mean 
while  accufing  or  elfe  excufmg 
one  anothec.  Rom.  x.  5.  For 
Mofes  defcribeth  the  righteouf- 
nefs  which  is  of  the  law,  That 
the  man  which  doeth  thofe  tilings 
iliall  live  by  them.      Gen.  ii.  17. 

But 


^he  Larger  Catechlfm.  247 

ic&L,  and  perpetual  confonnity  apd  obedience  th(frer.nto,  in 
the  frame  and  diipofition  of  the  whole  man,  foul  and  body  J*, 
and  in  performance  of  all  thofe  duties  of  holineis  and  righ- 
teoufnefs  which  he  oweth  to  God  and  man  i :  promifmg  life 
upon  the  fulfilling,  and  threatening  death  upon  the  breach 
o^'it  ^ 

Q^  94.  //  there  any  life  of  the  moral  lanu  to  rnanfmce  the  fall F 

J.  Although  no  man,  fmce  the  fall,  can  attain  to  righ- 

teoufnels  and  life  by  the  moral  law  ',  yet  there  is  great  ufe 

thereof; 


But  of  the  tree  of  the  knowledge 
©f  good  and  evil,  thou  ftialt  not 
eat  of  it :  for  in  the  day  that  thou 
«ateft  thereof  thou  fhah  furely 
die. 

93.''Deut.v.  r.  And Mofes call- 
ed all  Ifrael,  and  faid  unto  them. 
Hear,  O  Ifrael,  the  ftatutes  and 
judgments  which  I  fpeak  in  your 
ears  this  day,  that  ye  may  learn 
them,  and  keep,  and  do  them. 
V.  2.  The  Lord  our  God  made 
a  covenant  with  us  in  Horeb. 
V.  3.  The  Lord  made  not  this 
covenant  with  our  fathers,  but 
with  us,  even  us,  who  are  all  of 
us  here  alive  this  day.  V.  31. 
But  as  for  thee,  ftand  thou  here 
by  me,  and  I  will  fpeak  unto  thee 
all  the  commandments,  and  the 
ftatutes,and  the  judgments,  which 
thou  Paalt  teach  them,  that  they 
may  do  them  in  tlie  land  which  I 
give  them  to  polTefs  it.  V.  33. 
Ye  {hail  walk  in  all  the  ways 
which  the  Lord  your  God  hath 
commanded  you,  that  yemay  live, 
and  that  it  may  be  well  with 
you,  and  that  ye  may  prolong 
your  days  in  the  land  which  ye 
(hall  pollefs.  Luke  x.  26.  He  faid 
unto  him.  What  is  written  in  the 
law?  how  readelt  thou  ?  V.  27. 
Aud  he,  anfwering,  faid.  Thou 
flialt  love  the  Lord  thy  God  with 
all  tliy  heart,  and  with  all  thy 
foul,  and  with  all  thy  ftrength, 


and  with  all  thy  mind ;  and  thy 
neighbour  as  thyfelf.  Gal.iii.  10. 
For^as  many  as  are  of  the  works 
of  the  law  are  under  the  curfe  : 
for  it  is  wTitten,  Cur  fed  is  every 
one  that  continueth  not  in  ait 
things  which  are  written  in  the 
book  of  the  law  to  do  them. 
I  Thelf.  V.  23.  And  the  very  God 
of  peace  fanttify  you  wholly :  and 
I  pray  God  your  whole  fpirit  and 
Ibul  and  body  be  preferved  blame- 
lefs  unto  the  coming  of  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrilh 

'  Luke  i.  75.  In  holinefs  and 
righteoufnefs  before  him,  ail  the 
days  of  oiu*  life.  A£ls  xxiv.  16. 
And  herein  do  I  exercife  myfelf, 
to  have  always  a  coiifcience  void 
of  offence  toward  God,  and  to- 
ward men. 

■■  Rom.  X.  5.  For  Mofes  defcri- 
beth  the  righteoufnefs  which  is  of 
the  law.  That  the  man  which 
doeth  thofe  things  fhall  live  by 
tliem.  Gal.  iii.  10.  For  as  many 
as  are  of  the  works  of  the  law 
are  under  the  curfe:  for  it  is 
written,  Curfed  is  every  one  that 
continueth  not  in  all  things  which 
are  written  in  the  book  of  the 
law  to  do  them.  V.  12.  And  the 
law  is  not  of  faith:  bnt,The  man 
that  doeth  them  fhall  hve  in  them. 

94-  *  Rom.  viii.  3.  For  what 

the  law  could  not  do,  in  that  it 

was  weak  through  the  fiefh,  God 

L  4  fending 


248  The  Larger  Catechifni. 

thereof;  as  well  common  to  all  men,  as  peculiar  either  to  the 

unregenerate  or  the  regenerate  ^ 

(^  g^.  Ofvjhat  ufe  is  the  7mral  law  to  all  nienP 

A,  llie  moral  lav;  is  of  life  to  all  men,  to  inform  them  of 

the  holy  nature  and  will  of  God  \  and  of  their  duty,  binding 

them  to  walk  accordingly  ^^ ;  to  convince  them  of  their  dii- 

ability  to  keep  it,  and  of  the  finful  pollution  of  their  nature, 

liearts  and  lives  ^ ;    to  humble  them  in  the  fenfc  of  their 

i\n  and  mifery  y,  and  thereby  help  them  to  a  clearer  fight 

of 


fending  his  own  Son  in  the  like- 
Jiefb  of  finful  ftefh,  and  for  lin 
coadenined  fm  in  the  fiefh.  Gal. 
ii.  16.  Knowing  that  a  man  is  not 
juftiiied  by  the  works  of  the  law, 
but  by  the  faith  of  Jefus  Chrift  ; 
even  we  have  believed  in  Jefus 
Clirift,  that  we  might  be  juftified 
by  the  faith  of  Chrill,  and  not  by 
•the  works  of  the  law  :  for  by  the 
\vorks  of  the  law  fliall  no  fle'fh  be 
jiilllhed. 

'  I  Tim.  i.  8.  But  we  know 
that  the  law  is  good,  if  a  man 
life  it  iavvfiilly. 

95.  '■  Lev.  xi.  44.  For  I  am  the 
Lord  your  God  :  ye  ihall,  there- 
fore, fanftify  yourfelves,  and  ye 
Ihall  be  holyj  for  I  am  holy  : 
neither  fhall  ye  defile  yourfelves 
with  any  manner  of  creeping  thing 
that  creepeth  upon  the  earth. 
V.  45.  For  I  am  the  Lord  that 
bringeth  you  up  out  of  the  land 
of  Egypt,  to  be  your  God  :  ye 
fhall,  therefore,  be  holy;  fori  am 
holy.  Lev,  xx.  7.  Santtify  your- 
felves, therefore,  and  be  ye  holy; 
for  I  am  the  Lord  your  God. 
V .  8.  And  ye  fliall  keep  my  ftatutcs, 
;ind  do  them  :  I  am  the  Lord 
which  fanctify  you.  Rom.  vii .12. 
Wherefore  the  law  is  holy  ;  and 
tiie  commandment  holy,  and  juft, 
and  good. 


^  Micah  vi.  8.  He  hath  (hewed 
thee,  O  man,  what  is  good  ;  and 
what  doth  the  Lord  require  of 
thee,  but  to  do  juftly,  and  to  love 
mercy,  and  to  walk  humbly  with 
thy  God  ?  James  ii.  lo.  For  who- 
foever  ftiall  keep  the  whole  law, 
and  yet  offend  in  one  point,  he  is 
guilty  of  all.  V.  1 1.  For  he  that 
Hiid,  Do  not  commit  adultery, 
f;iid  alfo,  Do  not  kill.  Now,  if 
thou  commit  no  adultery,  yet  if 
thou  kill, thou  art  become  a  tranf- 
greflbr  of  the  law. 

^  Pfal.  xix.  II.  Moreover,  by 
them  is  thy  fervant  warned :  and 
in  keeping  of  them  there  is  great 
reward.  V.  1 2.  Who  can  under- 
fland  his  errors?  cleanfe  thou  me 
from  fecret  faults.  Rom.  iii.  20. 
Therefore  by  the  deeds  of  the 
law  there  fhall  no  flefii  be  jufli- 
fisd  in  his  fight:  for  by  the  law 
is  the  knowledge  of  fm.  Rom. 
vii.  7.  What  fliall  we  fay  then? 
Is  the  law  fm  ?  God  fu/bid.  Nay, 
I  hud  not  known  fin  but  by  the 
law :  for  I  had  not  known  luft, 
except  the  law  haini  faid,Thou 
flialt  not  covet. 

''  Rom.  iii.  9.  What  then  ?  are 
we  better  than  they?  No,  in  no 
wife  :  for  we  havp  before  proved 
both  Jews  and  Gentiles,  that  they 
arc  all  under  lin.  V.  23.  For  all 
have 


'The  Larger  Caiechifm.  249 

of  the  need  they  have  of  Chrifl  *,  and  of  the  perfedion  of 

his  obedience ». 

Q^  96.  IV hat  particular  life  is  there  of  the  moral  law  to  wj- 
re'geiiernte  men  P 

A  Tiie  moral  law  is  of  ufe  to  unregenerate  men,  to  awa* 
ken  their  confciences  to  flee  from  wratli  to  come  ^,  and  to 
drive  them  to  Chrifl  ^;  or,  upon  tiieir  continuance  in  the 
eftate  and  way  of  lin,  to  leave  them  inexcufable  ^,  and  under 
*rhe  curie  thereof  ^ 

Q^  97 .  JVhatfpecial  ufe  is  there  of  the  moral  lavj  to  the  regenerate  P 

A  Although  they  that  are  regenerate  and  believe  in  Chrift, 
be  delivered  from  the  moral  law  as  a  covenant  of  v/orks  % 

lo 


have  finned,  and  come  fhort  of 
the  glory  of  God. 

""  Gal.  iii.  21.  Is  the  law  then 
agai*nll:  the  promifes  of  God :  God 
forbid  :  for  if  there  had  been  a 
law  given  which  could  have  given 
life,  verily  righteoufnefs  fhould 
have  been  by  the  law.  V.  22. 
But  the  fcripture  hath  concluded 
all  under  fin,  that  the  promife  by 
faith  of  Jeliis  Chrift  might  be 
given  to  them  that  believe. 

*  Rom.  X.  4.  For  Chrift  is  the 
end  of  the  law  for  righteoufnefs 
to  every  one  thatbelieveth. 

96.  ^  I  Tim.  i.  9.  Knowing 
this,  that  the  law  is  not  made 
for  a  righteous  man,  but  for  the 
lawlefs  and  difobedient,  for  the 
ungodly  and  for  fmners,  for  un- 
holy and  profane,  for  murderers 
of  fathers,  and  murderers  of  mo- 
thers, for  man-flayers,  V.  10. 
For  whoremongers,  for  them  that 
defile  themfelves  with  mankind, 
for  men-ftealers,  for  l3ars,  for 
perjured  perfons,  M^d  if  there  be 
any  other  thing  rhat  is  contrary 
to  found  doctrine 

*^  Gal.  ill.  :4.  Wnecefore  the 
law  was  our  f  h  ;'»  ni.i't  r  to  bring 
as  unco  .>!.  >  :  w-  Knight  be 
lUhn-^-:  'j\  :'■.'  . 


^  Rom.  i.  20.  For  the  invifible 
things  of  him  from  the  creation 
of  the  world  are  clearly  feen,  be- 
ing underftood  by  the  things  that 
are  made,  even  his  eternal  power 
and  Godhead  5  fo  that  they  are 
without  excufe.  Conpnredwitk 
Rom.  ii.  1 5 .  Which  (hew  the  v.'ork 
of  the  law  written  in  their  hearts, 
their  confciencealfo  bearing  wit- 
nefs,  and  their  thoughts  the  mean 
while  accufmg  or  elfe  exciifing 
one  another. 

^  Gal.  iii.  10.  For  as  many  as 
are  of  the  works  of  the  law  are 
under  the  curfe  :  for  it  is  written,. 
Curfed  is  every  one  that  conti- 
iiueth  not  in  all  -things  which  are 
written  in  the  book  of  the  law  to 
do  them. 

9-.  J'Rom.  vi.  14.  For  fin  fhall 
not  have  dominion  over  you :  for 
ye  are  not  under  the  law,  but 
undcr'grace.  Rom. vii. 4. Where- 
fore,  my  brethren,  ye  alfo  are 
become  dead  to  the  law  by  the 
body  of  Chrift  ;  that  ye  fliould  be 
married  to  another,  even  to  him 
who  is  raifed  from  the  dead,  that 
we  (liould  bring  forth  fruit  unto 
God.  V.  6.  But  now  we  are 
deUvered  from  the  law,  that  be- 
ing dead  wherein  we  were  held; 
L  5  that 


25^  The  Larger  Catechlfm, 

fo  as  thereby  they  are  neither  jurdfied  c  nor  condemned  :■ ; 

yet,  befides  the  general  ufes  thereof  common  to  them  with  all 

men,  it  is  of  fpecial  life,  to  flievv  them  how  mucii  they  are 

bound  to  Chrifl  for  his  fuliilling  it,  and  enduring'  the  curie 

thereof  in  their  Itead  and  for  their  good  ^ ;  and  thereby  to 

provoke  them  to  more  thankfuinefs  ^,  and  to  exprefs  the 

lame  in  their  greater  c3irc  to  conform  themfelves  thereunto 

as  the  rule  of  their  obedience  K  r^     o    rm 

0^98.  Jvherc 


that  vvefliould  ferve  in  newnefs  of 
fpirit,  and  not  in  the  oldnefs  of  the 
letter.  Gal.  iv.  4.  But  when  the 
fulnefs  of  the  time  \vas  come, 
God  fent  forth  his  Son,  made  of 
a  woman,  made  under  the  law, 
V.  5.  To  redeem  them  that  were 
under  the  law,  that  we  might 
receive  the  adoption  of  Tons. 

s  Rom.  iii.  20.  Therefore  by 
the  deeds  of  the  law  there  fhall 
no  flefti  be  jullified  in  his  fight : 
for  by  the  law  is  the  knowledge 
of  fin. 

*»  Gal.  V.  23.  Meeknefs,  tem- 
perance :  againft  fuch  there  is  no 
law.  Rom.  viii.  i  .There is, there- 
fore, now  no  condemnation  to 
them  which  are  in  Chrift  J^fus, 
who  walk  not  after  the  flefn,  but 
after  the  Spirit. 

^  Rom.  vii.  24.  O  wretched  man 
that  I  am,  who  iliall  deliver  me 
from  the  body  of  this  death  ! 
V.  25.  I  thank  God  through  Je- 
fus  Chriil  our  Lord.  So  then, 
with  the  mind  I  myfelf  ferve  the 
law  of  God  ;  but  with  the  flefh 
the  law  of  fm.  Gal.iii.  i3.Chrift 
hath  redeemed  us  from  the  curfeof 
the  law,  being  made  a  curfe  for 
♦IS :  for  it  is  written,  Curfed  is 
every  one  that  hangeth  on  a  tree: 
V.  14.  That  the  blelfing  of  Abra- 
ham might  come  on  the  Cientiies 
tnrough  Jefus  Chriil:  ;  that  we 
might  receive  the  promife  of  the 
Spirit  through  faith.  Ram.viiv.3. 


For  what  the  law  could  not  do, 
in  that  it  was  weak  through  the 
flefli,  God  fending  his  own  Son 
in  the  likenefs  of  luiful  liefli, 
and  for  fin,  condemned  fm  in  the 
flelh:  V.  4.  That  the  righteouf- 
nefs  of  the  law  might  be  fulfilled 
in  us,  who  walk  not  after  the 
flefli,  but  after  the  Spirit. 

^  Luke  i.  68.  Blefled  be  the 
Lord  God  of  Ifrael;  for  he  hath 
vifited  and  redeemed  his  people, 
V.  69.  And  hath  raifed  up  an 
horn  of  falvation  for  us  in  the 
houfe  of  his  fervant  David.  V.74. 
That  he  would  grant  unto  us, 
that  we,  being  delivered  out  of 
the  hands  of  our  enemies,  might 
ferve  him  without  fear,  V.  75. 
In  holinefs  and  righteoufnefs  be- 
fore him,  all  the  days  of  our  life. 
Col.  i.  12.  Giving  thanks  unto  the 
Father,  which  hath  made  us  meet 
to  be  partakers  of  the  inheritance 
of  the  faints  in  light:  V.  13.  Who 
hath  delivered  us  from  the  power 
of  darknefs,  and  hath  tranflated 
us  into  the  kingdom  of  his  dear 
Son:  V.  14.  In  whom  we  have 
redemption  through  his  blood, 
even  the  forgivenefs  of  fins. 

'  Rom.  vii.  22.  For  I  delight 
in  the  law  of  God  after  the  in- 
ward man.  Rom.  xii.  2.  And  be 
not  conformed  to  this  world :  but 
be  ye  transformed  by  the  renew- 
ing of  your  mind,  that  ye  may 
prove  what  is  tliut  good,  and  ac- 
ceptable, 


!^|^  7heLargerCatechif7}U  251 

WcL  98.  Where  is  the  moral  larvj  fimimarily  mnpreh ended  ? 

"^.  The  moral  law  is  fuminarily  comprehended  in  the  ten 
commandments,  which  were  delivered  by  the  voice  of  God 
upon  mount  Sinai,  and  written  by  him  in  two  tables  of  ftone"'; 
and,  are  recorded  in  tha- twentieth  Chapter  of  Exodus. 
The  four  lirll:  commjandm.ents  containing  our  duty  to  God, 
and  the  otlier  fix  our  duty  to  man  ". 

Q.  99.  JVhnt  rules  are  to  be  obfervedfor  the  right  under Ji and' 
» .^  of  the  ten  cofiunaridjnentsP 

^J.  For  the  right  underltanding  of  the  ten  commandments, 
ihefe  rules  are  to  be  obferved  ; 

I.  That  the  law  is  perfect,  and  biudeth  every  one  to  full 
conformity  in  the  whole  man  unto  the  righteouihefs  thereof, 
and  unto  entire  obedience  for  ever  ;  fo  as  to  require  the  ut- 
niolt  perfection  of  every  duty,  and  to  forbid  the  leail  degree 
of  every  fm^.  ^^  ^j^^ 


ceptable,  and  perfect  will  of  God. 
Tit.  ii.  II.  For  the  grace  of  God 
that  bnngeth  falvation  hath  ap- 
peared to  all  men,  V.  12. Teach- 
ing us  that,  denying  iingcdlinefs 
and  worldly  lufts,  we  ftiouid  live 
foberly,  righteoufly,  and  godly, 
in  this  prefent  world;  V.  13. 
Looking  for  thcvt  bleiled  hope, 
and  the  glorious  appearing  of  the 
great  God  and  our  Saviour  Jefus 
Chrift;  V.  14.  Who  gave  him- 
felf  for  us,  that  he  might  redeem 
us  from  all  iniquity,  and  purify 
unto  himfelf  a  peculiar  people, 
zealous  of  good  works. 

98.  '"Dent.  X.  4.  And  he  WTOte 
on  the  tables,  according  to  the 
firlt  writing,  the  ten  command- 
ments, which  the  Lord  fpake  un- 
to you  in  the  mount,  out  of  the 
niidft  of  the  hre,  in  the  day  of  the 
aflembly:  and  the  Lord  gave  them 
unto  me.  Kxod.  xxxiv.  i.  And 
the  Lord  faid  unto  Mofes,  Hew 
thee  two  tables  of  itone  like  unto 
the  firft :  and  I  will  write  upon 
thefe  tables  the  wordjs  uiat  were 


in  the  firft  tabjes,  which  thou 
brakeft.  V.  2.  And  be  ready  in 
the  morning,  and  come  up  in  the 
morning  unto  mount  Sinai,  and 
prefent  thyfelf  there  to  me  in  the 
top  of  the  mount.  And  no  man 
fnall  come  up  with  thee,  o<r. 
V.  4.  And  he  hewed  two  tables 
of  ftone  like  unto  the  tirfl ;  and 
Mofes  rofe  up  early  in  tiie  morn- 
ing, and  went  up  unto  mount  Si- 
nai, as  tlie  Lord  had  commanded 
him,  and  took  in  his  hand  the 
two  tables  of  ftcne. 

"  Mat.  xxii.  7,7.  Jefus  faid  unto 
him,  Thou  flialt  love  the  Lord 
thy  God  with  all  thy  heart,  and 
with  all  thy  foul,  and  with  all  thy 
mind.  V.  38.  This  is  the  tirlh 
and  great  commandment.-  V.  39. 
And  the  fecond  is  like  unto  it. 
Thou  (halt  love  thy  neighbour  as 
thyfelf.  V.  40.  On  thefe  two 
commandments  hang  all  the  law 
and  the  prophets. 

99 .  °  Pfal.  xix.  7 .  The  law  of  the 

Lord  is  perfett,   converting  the 

foul :  the  teftimnny  of  the  Lord 

h  6  io 


2<2 


The  Larger  Catechifm. 


^  2.  That  it  is  fpiritual,  and  fo  reacheth  the  underftanding, 
will,  afFedions,  and  all  other  powers  of  the  foul ;  as  well  as 
words,  works,  and  geftures  p. 

3.  That  one  and  the  fame  thing,  in  divcrfe  refpedls,  is 
required  or  forbidden  in  fcveral  commandments  1. 


is  fure,  making  wife  the  fimple. 
James  ii.  10.  For  whofoever  fhall 
keep  the  whole  law,  and  yet  offend 
in  one  point,  he  is  guilty  of  all. 
Mat.  V.  21.  \_tothe  end.'\  Ye  have 
heard  that  it  was  faid  by  them  of 
old  time,  Thou  Hialt  not  kill ;  and 
whofoever  fliall   kill   fliall  be  in 
danger  of  the  judgment :    V.  22. 
But  I  fiiy  unto  you,  That  whofo- 
ever is  angry  with  his  brother 
without  a  caufe  fliall  be  in  danger 
of  the  judgment :  and  whofoever 
fhall  fay  to  his  brother,  Raca,  fliall 
be  in  danger  of  the  council  :  but 
whofoever  fliali  fay,  Thou  fool, 
fhall  be  in  danger  of  hell-fire. — 
V.  27.  Ye  have  heard  that  it  was 
faid  by  them  of  old  time,  Thou 
fhalt  not  commit  adultery:  V.  28. 
But  I  fay  unto  you,  That  whofo- 
ever looketh  on  a  woman  to  luft 
after  her  hath  committed  adul- 
tery with  her  already  in  his  heart. 
'~"'^'  33-    Again,  ye  have  heard 
that  it  hath  been  faid  by  them  of 
old  time,  Thou  flialtnot  forfwear 
thyfeif,  butflialt  perform  unto  the 
Lord  thine  oaths :     V.  34.  But  I 
fay  unto  you,  Swear  not  at  all  ; 
neither  by  heaven  j  for  it  is  God's 
throne:— V.  37.   But    let    your 
communication    be.   Yea,    yea ; 
Nay,  nay  :  for  whatfocver  is  more 
than  thefe  Cometh  of  evil.     V.38. 
Ye  have  heard  that  it  hath  been 
faid.  An  eye  for  an  eye,  and  a 
tooth  for  a  tooth  :     V.  39.  But  I 
fay  unto  you,  That  ye  refifl;  not 
evil. — V.  43.  Ye  have  heard  that 
it  hath  been  fiiid,  Thou  flialt  love 
thy  neighbour,   and  hate  thine 


..  That 

enemy  :  V.  44.  But  I  fay  unto 
you.  Love  your  enemies,  bJefs 
them  tliat  curfe  you,  do  good  to 
them  that  hate  you,  nnd  pray  for 
them  which  defpitefully  ufe  you, 
and  perfecute  you,  ^c. 

^  Rom.  vii.  14.  For  we  know 
that  the  law  is  fpiritual :  but  I 
am  carnal,  fold  under  fin.  Deut. 
vi.  5.  Thou  flialt  love  the  Lord 
thy  God  with  all  thine  heart,  and 
with  all  thy  foul,  and  with  all  thy 
might.  Compardd  vjiih  Matth. 
xxti.  37.  Jefus  faid  unto  him. 
Thou  flialt  love  the  Lord  thy  God 
with  all  thy  heart,  and  with  all 
thy  foul,  and  with  all  thy  mind. 
V.  38.  This  is  the  firft  and  great 
commandment.  V.  39.  And  the 
fecond  is  like  unto  it.  Thou  Ihalt 
love  thy  neighbour  as  thyfeif. 

^CoL  iii.  5.  Mortify, therefore, 
your  members  which  are  upon  the 
earth :  fornication,  uncleannefs, 
inordinate  affeftion,  evil  concupif- 
cence,  and  covetoufnefs,  which  is 
idolatry.  Amos  viii.  5.  Saying, 
When  will  the  new  moon  begone, 
that  we  may  fell  corn?  and  the 
fabbath,  that  we  may  fet  forth 
wheat,  making  the  cphah  fmall, 
and  the  flickel  great,  and  falfify- 
ing  the  balances  by  deceit?  Prov. 
i.  19.  So  are  the  ways  of  every  one 
that  is  greedy  of  gain :  which 
taketh  away  the  life  of  the  own- 
ers thereof,  i  Tim.  vi.  10.  For 
the  love  of  money  is  the  root  of 
all  evil :  which  wliile  fome  covet- 
edafter,  they  have  erred  from 
the  faith,  and  pierced  tliemfelves 
through  with  many  forrows. 

'^Ifa. 


ne  Larger  Catechlfnu  2^^ 

4.  That  as,  where  a  duty  is  commanded,  the  contrary  fin 
is  forbidden  »• ;  and,  where  a  fin  is  forbidden,  the  contrary 
duty  is  comn:ianded  ' :  fo,  where  a  promife  is  annexed,  the, 
contrary  threatening  is  incUided  ^ ;  and,  wliere  a  threatening 
is  annexed,  the  contrary  promife  is  included  \  r^j^ 


"■  Ifa.  Iviii.  13.  If  thou  turn  a- 
way  thy  foot  from  the  fabbath, 
from  doing  thy  pleafure  on  my 
holy  day,  and  caU  the  fabbath  a 
delight,  the  holy  of  the  Lord, 
honourable,  andfhalthonourhim, 
not  doing  thine  own  ways,  nor 
finding  thine  ^wn  pleafure,  nor 
fpeaking  thine  own  words.  Deut. 
vi.  13.  Thou  (halt  fear  the  Lord 
thy  God,  and  ferve  him,  and  flialt 
l\v'ear  by  his  name.  Conipared 
W/^  Mat.  iv.  9.  And  faith  unto 
him,  All  thefe  things  will  I  give 
thee,  if  thou  wilt  fall  down  and 
worfhip  me.  V.  10.  Then  faith 
Jefus  unto  him,  Get  thee  hence, 
Satan  :  for  it  is  written.  Thou 
Ihalt  worfhip  the  Lord  thy  God, 
and  him  only  flialt  thou  ferve. 
Mat.  XV,  4.  For  God  commanded, 
faying,  Honour  thy  father  and  mo- 
ther :  and,  He  that  curfeth  father 
or  mother,  let  him  die  the  death. 
V.  5.  But  ye  fay,  Whofoever  fliall 
fay  to  his  father  or  his  mother, 
It  is  a  gift,  by  whatfoever  thou 
mightelt  be  profited  by  me  ;  V .  6. 
And  honour  not  his  father  or  his 
mother,  he  (hall  be  free.  Thus  have 
ye  made  the  commandment  of 
God  of  none  effeft  by  your  tradi- 
tion. 

"  ^  Mat.  V.  2f,  22.  \_See  letter  °.] 
V.  2  3. Therefore  if  thou  bring  thy 
gift  to  the  altar,  and  there  re- 
membereft  that  thy  brother  hath 
ought  againft  thee ;  V.  24.  Leave 
there  thy  gift  before  the  altar, 
and  go  thy  way;  firft  be  reconci- 
led to  thy  brother,  and  then  come 
and  offer  thy  gift.    Eph.  iv.  28. 


Let  him  thatftole  fteal  no  more; 
but  rather  let  him  labour,  work- 
i]ig  with  his  hands  the  thing  which 
is  good,  that  he  may  have  to  give 
to  him  that  needeth. 

^  Exod.  XX.  12.  Honour  thy 
father  and  thy  mother  :  that  thy 
days  may  be  long  upon  the  land 
which  the  Lord  thy  God  gi- 
veth  thee.  Compared  luith  Pro^'. 
XXX.  17.  The  eye  that  mocketh 
at  his  father,  and  defpifeth  to  obey 
his  mother,  the  ravens  of  the 
valley  fliall  pick  it  out,  and  the 
young  eagles  fiiall  eat  it. 

"  Jcr.  xviii.  7.  At  what  inftan't 
I  fliall  fpeak  concerning  a  nation, 
and  concerning  a  kingdom,  to 
pluck  up,  and  to  pull  down,  and 
to  deftroy  it :  V.  8.  If  that  na- 
tion agaijift  whom  I  have  jvo- 
nounced  turn  from  their  evil,  I 
will  repent  of  the  evil  that  I 
thought  to  do  unto  them.  Exod. 
XX.  7.  Thou  flialt  not  take  the 
name  of  the  Lord  thy  God  in 
vain  :  for  the  Lord  will  not  hold 
him  guiltlefs  that  taketh  his  name 
in  vain.  Compared  xvith  Pfal. 
XV.  I.  Lord,  who  fliall  abide  in 
thy  tabernacle .''  who  fhall  dwell- 
in  thy  holy  hill ?  V.  4.  In  whofe 
eyes  a  vile  perfon  is  contemned  ; 
but  he  honoureth  them  that  fear 
the  Lord  :  he  that  fweareth  to  his 
own  hurt,  and  changeth  not. 
V.  5.  He  that  putteth  not  out  his 
money  to  ufury,  nor  taketh  re- 
ward againd  the  innocent.  He 
that  doeth  thefe  things  fliall  never 
be  moved.  And  with  Pfal  xxiv.4. 
He  th^it  hath  clean  hands,  and  a 
pure 


254  The  Larger  Catechifm. 

5.  That  what  God  forbids  is  at  no  time  to  be  done  * ; 
Tvhat  he  conimands  is  always  our  duty  ^  >  and  yet  every  par- 
ticular duty  is  not  to  be  done  at  ail  times  y. 

6.  That  under  one  fm  or  duty,  all  of  the  fame  kind  are 
forbidden  or  commanded  ;  together  \vith  all  the  caufes, 
means,  occafions,  and  appeai'ances  thereof,  and  provocations 
thereunto  2. 

7.  Tint  what  is  forbidden  or  commanded  to  ourfclves,  we 
are  bound,  according  to  our  places,  to  endeavour  that  it  may 

be 


pure  heart :  who  hath  not  lifted 
up  his  foul  unto  vanity,  nor  fworii 
deceitfully.  V.  5.  Helhai'l  receive 
the  blefiing  from  the  Lord,  and 
right eoufnefs  from  the  God  of  his 
falvation- 

.  ^v  Job  xiii.  7.  Will  ye  fpeak 
wickedly  for  God  ?  and  talk  de- 
ceitfully for  him?  V.  8.  Will  ye 
accept  his  perfon?  will  ye  con- 
tend for  God?  Rom.  iii.  8.  And 
not  rather,  ( as  we  be  llanderoufiy 
reported,  and  as  fome  affirm  that 
we  fay, )  Let  us  do  evil,  that  good 
m^  come  ?  whofe  daiijnation  is 
juft?  Jobxxxvi.  21.  Take  heed, 
regard  not  inixiuity  :  for  this  hafl 
thou  chofen  rather  than  affliftion. 
Heb.  XI.  25.  Chufing  rather  to 
Aiffer  afHiftion  with  the  people  of 
God,  than  to  enjoy  the  pleafures 
of  fm  for  a  feafon. 

"*  Deut.  iv.  8.  And  what  nation 
is  there  fo  great,  that  hath  fta- 
tutes  and  judgments  fo  righteous, 
as  all  this  law,  which  Ifet  before 
you  this  day?  V.  9.  Only  take 
heed  to  thyfeif,  and  keep  tJiy  foul 
diligently,  left  thou  forget  the 
things  which  thine  eyes  have  ^QtWy 
and  left  they  depart  from  thy 
heart  all  the  days  of  thy  life  :  but 
teach  them  thy  fons,  and  thy  fons' 
fons. 

^  Mat-  xii.  7.  But  if  ye  had 
known  what  this  meaneth,  I  will 


have  mercy  and  not  facrifice,  ye 
would  not  have  condemned  the 
guiltlefs. 

^Mat.  V,  21,  22,  27,  28.  \_^Ste 
in  letter  °  before.']  Mat.  xv.  4.  For 
God  commanded,  faying.  Honour 
thy  father  and  mother  :  and,  He 
that  curfeth  father  or  mother,  let 
him  die  the  death.  V.  5 .  But  ye 
fay,  Whofoever  ihall  fay  to  his 
father  or  his  mother,  It  is  a  gift, 
by  whatfoever  thou  mighteit  be 
profited  by  me  -,  V .  6 .  And  honour 
not  his  father  or  his  mother,  he 
(hall  be  free.  Thus  have  ye  made 
the  commandment  of  God  of  none 
eftecl  by  your  tradition."  Heb. 
X.  24.  And  let  us  confider  one  ano- 
ther, to  provoke  unto  love  and  to 
good  works  :  V.  25.  Not  for- 
faking  the  aflembling  of  ourfelves 
together,  as  the  manner  of  fome 
is ;  but  exhorting  one  another  : 
and  fo  much  the  more,  as  ye  fee 
the  day  approaching,  i  Theil'. 
v.  22.  AblUin  from  all  appear- 
ance of  evil.  Jude,  Ver.  23.  And 
otiiers  fave  with  fear,  pulling 
them  out  of  the  tire ;  hating  even 
the  garment  fpotted  by  the  tlelh. 
Gal.  V.  26.  Let  us  not  be  dolirous 
of  vain-glory,  provoking  one  ano- 
ther, envying  one  another.  Col. 
iii.  21.  Fathers,  provoke  not  your 
children  to  anger,  leil  they  be 
difcouraged, 

'  Exod, 


The  Larger  Calechipn,  255 

be  avoided  or  performed  by  others,  according  to  the  duty  of 
then-  places  ^. 

8.  That  in  what  is  commanded  to  others  we  are  bound, 
according  to  our  places  and  callings,  to  be  helpful  to  them  ^ ; 
and  to  take  heed  of  partaking  with  others  in  what  is  forbid- 
den them  =. 

Q^ioo.  What  fpecial  things  are  v:e  to  confider  in  the  ten  co7}T^ 
inanchnents  P 

A.  We  are  to  conficler,  in  the  ten  commandments,  the  pre- 
face, the  fubflancc  of  the  commandments  themfeives,  and 
feveral  reafons  annexed  to  fome  of  them,  the  more  to  enforce 
them. 

Q^  loi.  IVhat  is  the  preface  to  the  ten  commanrhnents.^ 
A.  The  preface  to  the  ten  commandments  is  contained  in 
thefe  words,  /  am  the  Lord  thy  Gody  v:l}ich  have  brought  thee 
out  of  the  land  of  Egypt,  out  of  the  houfe  of  bondage  ^.  A'/herein 
God  manifefteth  his  ibvereignty,  as  being  JEHOVAH,  tlie 
eternal,  immutable,  and  almighty  God  ^;  having  his  being  iii 

and 
whofe  land  ye  dwell :  but  as  for 
me  and  my  houfe,  \ve  will  ferve 
the  Lord.  Deut.  vi.  6.  And  thefe 
words,  which  I  command  thee  this 
day,  fiiall  be  in  thine  heart :  V.  7. 
And  thou  (halt  teach  them  dili- 
gently unto  thy  children,  and  fhalt 
talk  of  them  when  thou  fitteft  in 
thine  houfe,  and  when  thou  walk- 
eft  by  the  way,  and  when  thou 
lieft  down,  and  when  thou  rifeit 
up. 

^  2  Cor.  i.  24.  Not  for  that  we 
have  dominion  over  your  faith, 
but  are  helpers  of  your  joy  :  for 
by  faith  ye  iland. 

'^  I  Tim.  V.  22.  Lay  hands  fud- 
denly  on  no  man,  neither  be  par- 
taker of  X)ther  men's  fms  :  keep 
thyfelf  pure.     Eph.   v.  11.  And 
have  no  fellowfliip  with  the  un- 
fruitful works  of  darknefs,  but 
rather  reprove  them. 
lOf .  '^  Exod.  XX.  2. 
"  Ifa.  xliv.  6.  Thus  faith  the 
Lord,  the  King  of  Ifrael,  and  his 
Redeemer 


"*  Exod.  XX.  10.  But  thefeventh 
day  is  the  fabbath  of  the  Lord  thy 
God  :  in  it  thou  fhalt  not  do  any 
work,  thou,  nor  thy  fon,  nor  thy 
daughter,  thy  man-fervant,  nor 
thy  maid-fervant,  nor  thy  cattle, 
nor  thy  ftranger  that  is  within  thy 
gates.  Lev.  xix.  17.  Thou  (halt 
not  hate  thy  brother  in  thine 
heart :  thou  (halt  in  any  wife  re- 
buke thy  neighbour,  and  not  fuf- 
fer  fin  upon  him.  Gen.  xviii.  19. 
For  I  know  him,  that  he  will 
cojnmand  his  children  and  his 
houfeiiold  after  him,  and  they 
(hall  keep  the  way  of  the  Lord, 
to  do  jultice  and  judgment;  that 
the  Lord  may  bring  upon  Abra- 
ham that  which  he  hath  fpoken 
of  him.  Jofli.  xxiv.  15.  And  if  it 
feem  evil  unto  you  to  ferve  the 
Lord,  chufe  you  this  day  whom 
ye  will  ferve  ;  whether  the  god.s 
which  your  fathers  ferved  that 
were  on  the  other  fide  of  the  flyod, 
or  the  gods  of  the  Amoritet,  in 


1^6  The  Larger  Catechifm, 

and  of  hlmfelf  ^,  and  giving  being  to  all  his  words  g  and 
works  h:  and  that  he  is  a  God  in  covenant,  as  with  Ifrael  of 
old^  fo  with  all  his  people  • ;  who,  as  he  brought  them  out 
of  their  bondage  in  Egypt,  fo  he  delivereth  us  from  our 
fpiritual  thraldom  ^ ;  and  that  therefore  we  are  bound  to 
take  him  for  our  God  alone,  and  to  keep  all  his  command- 
ments '. 

.Q^  I02.  IFbat  is  the  fiiv.i  of  the  four  commandments  which 
contain  our  duty  to  God? 

A.  The  fum  of  the  four  commandments  containing  our 
duty  to  God,  is,  to  love  the  Lord  our  God  with  all  our  heart, 

and 


Redeemer  the  Lord  of  hods, 
I  am  the  firft,  and  I  am  the 
laft,  and  befides  me  there  is  no 
god. 

^  Exod.  Hi.  14.  And  God  faid 
unto  Mofes,  I  AM  THAT 
I  AM:  and  he  faid,  Thus  fnalt 
thou  fay  unto  the  children  of 
Ifrael,  I  AM  hath  fent  me  unto 
you. 

^  Exod.  vi.  3.  And  I  appear- 
ed unto  Abraham,  unto  Ifaac, 
and  unto  Jacob,  by  the  name  of 
God  Ahuighty,  but  by  my  name 
JEHOVAH  was  I  not  known 
to  them. 

*•  AiSts  xvii.  24-  God  that  made 
the  world,  and  all  things  therein, 
feehig  that  he  is  Lord  of  hea- 
ven and  earth,  dwelleth  not  in 
temples  made  with  hands :  V.  28. 
for  in  him  we  live,  and  move, 
and  have  our  being;  as  cer- 
tain alfo  of  your  own  poets  have 
faid.  For  we  are  alfo  Iiis  off- 
fpring. 

'  Gen.  xvii.  7.  And  I  will  efta- 
blifli  my  covenant  between  me 
and  thee,  and  thy  feed  after  thee, 
in  their  generations,  for  an  ever- 
lafting  covenant;  to  be  a  God 
unto  thee,  and  to  thy  {qq<\  after 
thee.  Co?72pan'dvjir/iKoiii.  iii.  29. 
Is  he  the  God  of  the  Jews  only  ? 


is  he  not  alfo  of  the  Gentiles? 
Yes,  of  the  Gentiles  alfo. 

^  Luke  i.  74.  That  he  would 
grant  unto  us,  that  we,  being  de- 
livered out  of  the  hands  of  our 
enemies,  might  ferve  him  with- 
out fear,  V.  75.  In  holinefs  and 
righteoufnefs  before  him,  all  the 
days  of  our  life. 

'  I  Pet.  i.  15.  But  as  he^vhich 
hath  called  you  is  holy,  fo  be  ye 
holy  in  all  manner' of  converfa- 
tion  ;  V.  1 6.  Becaufe  it  is  written, 
Be  ye  holy ;  for  I  am  holy.  V.  17. 
And  if  ye  call  on  the  Father,  who 
without  refpect  of  per f«ns  judge th 
according  to  every  man's  work, 
pafs  the  time  of  your  fojourning 
here  in  fear :  V  18  Forafmui.  h  as 
ye  know  that  ye  were  not  redeem- 
ed with  corruptible  things,  as 
filver  and  gold,  from  your  vain 
converfatiou  received  by  tradition 
from  yourfathers.  Lev.  xviii.  30. 
Therefore  fliall  ye  keep  mine  or- 
dinance, that  ye  commit  not  any 
one  of  thefe  abominable  cuftoms, 
whichwcrecommitted  before  you, 
and  that  ye  defile  not  yourfelvcs 
tlierein  :  I  am  the  Lord  your  God. 
Lev.  xix.  37.  Therefore  (hall  ye 
ob ferve  all  my  flatutes,  and  all  my 
judgmtnts,  and  do  them:  1  ajii 
the  Lord. 

'  loz,  "•  Luke 


The  Larger  Catechifin.  257 

and  with  all  oui*  foul,  aiid  with  all  our  flrength,  and  witli  all 
our  mind  "*. 

Q^  103.  TVhkh  is  the  fir ft  co^nnmndment? 

A.  The  firft  commandment  is,  Thou  fink  hctveno  other  g^ls 
Lfore  me  ". 

Q^  104.  What  are  the  duties  reqiCired  in  the  firft  connnamU 
nieiit  ? 

A.  The  duties  required  in  the  firft  commandment  ai*e, 
tlie  knowing  and  acknowledging  of  God  to  be  the  only  true 
God,  and  our  God  °;  and  to  wo^ihip  and  gloiify  him  accord- 
ingly i',  by  thinking  1,  meditating  ',  remembering  ',  highly 

elleem- 


102.  "*  Luke  X.  27.  And  he,  an- 
fwering,  faid,  Thou  (halt  love  the 
Lord  thy  God  with  ail  thy  heart, 
and  with  all  thy  foul,  and  with  all 
thyftrength,and  with  all  thy  mind ; 
^nd  thy  neighbour  as  thyfelf. 
03.  "  Exod.  XX.  3. 

:o4.  °  1  Chron.  xxviii.  9.  And 
thou,  Solomon  my  Ton,  know  thou 
the  God  of  thy  father,  and  ferve 
him  with  a  perfect  heart  and  with 
a  willing  mind :  for  the  Lord 
fearcheth  all  hearts,  and  under- 
Ibuideth  all  the  imaginations  of 
i  the  thoughts:  if  thou  feek  him, 
\  he  will  be  foitnd  of  thee  ;  but  il: 
thou  forfake  him,  he  will  caft 
thee  oir  fo r  e ver .  D e ut .  xxvi  .17. 
Thou  haft  avouched  the  Lord  this 
day  to  be  thy  God,  and  to  walk 
in  his  ways,  and  to  keep  his  lla- 
tutes,  and  his  commandments, 
and  his  judgments,  and  to  hear- 
ken unto  his  voice.  Ifa.  xliii.  10. 
Ye  are  my  witnefles,  faith  the 
Lord,  and  my  fervant  whom  I 
have  c  hofen  :  that  ye  may  know 
and  believe  me,  and  underftand 
that  I  am  he:  before  me  there 
was  no  god  formed,  neither  lliall 
there  be  after  me.  Jer.  xiv.  22. 
Are  there  any  among  the  vanities 
of  the  Gentiles  that  can  caufe 
rain  ?   or  can  the  heavens  give 


fliowers  ?  Art  not  thou  he,  O  Lord 
our  God?  therefore  we  will  wait 
upon  thee ;  for  thou  haft:  made  all 
thefe  things. 

P  Pftd.  xcv.  6.  O  come,  let  us 
worfhip  and  bow  do\Mi ;  let  U3 
kneel  before  the  Lord  our  Maker. 
V.  7.  For  he  is  our  God,  and  we 
are  the  people  of  his  pafture,  and 
tliefheepof  hishand.  Mat.  iv.  10. 
Then  faith  Jefus  unto  him,  Get 
thee  hence,  Satan  :_for  it  iswTit- 
ten.  Thou  fiialt  wodhip  tiie  Lord 
thy  Gcd,  and  him  onlyfr.alt  thou- 
ferve.  Pfal.  xxix.  2.  Give  unto- 
the  Lord  the  glory  due  unto  his 
name ;  worfliip  the  Lord  in  the 
beauty  of  holinefs. 

^  Mai.  iii.  16.  Then  they  that 
feared  the  Lord  fpake  often  one 
to  another,  and  the  Lord  hearkeu- 
ed  and  heard  it ;  and  a  book  of  re- 
membrance was  written  before 
him  for  them  that  feared  the  Lord , 
and  that  thought  upon  his  name. 
■"Pfal.  Ixiii.  6.  When  I  remem- 
ber thee  upon  my  bed,  and  medi- 
tate on  thee  in  the  night-watches. 

"  Eccl.  xii.  I .  Remember  now 
thy  Creator  in  the  days  of  thy 
youth,  while  the  evil  days  come 
not,  nor  the  years  draw  nigh, 
when  thou  Ihalt  lay,  1  have  no 
plcafure  in  them. 

*rrai. 


258 


The  Larger  Catechijm, 


efteeming»,honourino-  \  adoring^,  chufing'',  loving  ^defiring*, 
fearing  of  him  =* ;  believing  him  ^ ;  trulting  %  hoping  «»,  dc- 
ligliting  %  rejoicing  in  him  ^ ;  being  zealous  for  him  e ;  calling 
upon  Iiim,  giving  all  praife  and  thanks  »•,  and  yielding  all  obe- 
dience and  lubmifiion  to  him  with  the  whole  man  • ;  being 

fill 


*  Pfal.  Ixxi.  19.  Thy  righteouf- 
uefs  alfo,  O  God,  is  very  high, 
who  haft  done  great  things:  O 
God,  who  is  Hke  unto  thee  ? 

"Mai.  i.  6.  A fon honoureth his 
father,  and  a  fervant  his  mafter  : 
if  then  I  be  a  father,  where  is 
mine  honour?  and  if  I  be  amiiiler, 
where  is  my  fear  ?  faith  the  Lord 
of  hofts  unto  you,  O  prieils,  that 
defpife  my  name. 

v^  Ifa.  xlv.  23.  I  have  fworn  by 
myl'elf,  the  word  is  gone  out  of 
my  mouth  in  righteoufnefs,  aud 
fliall  not  return.  That  unto  me 
every  knee  iliall  bow,  every  tongue 
Ihall  fwear. 

"  Jolh.  xxiv.  15.  And  if  it  feem 
evil  unto  you  to  ferve  the  Lord, 
chufe  ycu  this  day  whom  ye  will 
ferve;  whether  the  gods  which 
your  fathers  ferved  that  were  on 
the  other  fide  of  the  flood,  or  the 
gods  of  the  Amorites,  in  whofe 
land  ye  dwell :  but  as  for  me  and 
my  houfe,  we  will  ferve  the  Lord. 
V.  22.  And  Jofhua  faid  unto  the 
people,  Ye  are  witneffes  againft 
yourfelves,  that  ye  have  chofen 
you  the  Lord,  to  ferve  him.  And 
they  faid.  We  are  vvitnelles. 

^  Deut.  vi.  5.  And  thou  flialt 
love  the  Lord  thy  God  with  all 
thine  heart,  aud  with  all  thy  foul, 
and  with  all  thy  might. 

^  Pfal.  Ixxiii.  :>5.Whom  have  I 
in  heaven  but  thee  ?  and  there  is 
none  upon  earth  that  I  dehre  be- 
fules  thee. 

*  Ifa.  viii.  1 3.  Sanftify  the  Lord 
ofhoftshimfelf,andlcthimbeyour 
fear,  and  let  him  be  your  dread. 


cai'efi 

^  Exod.  xiv.  31 .  And  Ifrael  faw 
that  great  work  which  the  Lord 
did  upon  the  Egyptians ;  and  the 
people  feared  the  Lord,  and  be- 
lieved the  Lord,  and  his  fervant 
Mofes. 

'^  Ifa.  xxvi.  4.  Truft  ye  in 
the  Lord  for  ever  :  for  in  the 
Lord  JEHOVAH  is  everlaftmg 
ftrength. 

'J  Pfal.  cxxx.  7.  Let  Ifrael  hope 
in  the  Lord  :  for  with  the  Lord 
there  is  mercy,  and  with  him  is 
plenteous  redemption. 

"  Pfal.  xxxvii.  4.  Delight  thy- 
felf  alfo  in  the  Lord,  and  he  Ihali 
give  thee  thededresof  thine  heart, 
f  Pfal.  xxxii.  1 1 .  Be  glad  in  the 
Lord,  and  rejoice,  ye  righteous; 
and  Ihout  for  joy,  all  ye  that  are 
upright  in  heart. 

^  Rom.  xii.  i  r .  Not  flothful  in 
bufmefs;  ferveutinfpirit;  ferving 
the  Lord.  Coynparcdwith'Swvnh^ 
XXV.  1 T .  Phinehas,thefonof  Elea- 
zar,  the  fon  of  Aaron  the  priell, 
hath  turned  my  wrath  away  from. 
the  children  of  Ifrael,  (while  he 
was  zealous  for  my  fake  among 
them,)  that  I  confumed  nut  the 
children  of  Ifrael  in  my  jealoufy. 
^  Phil.  iv.  6.  Be  careful  for 
nothing :  but  in  every  thing  by 
prayer  and  fupplication  with 
thankfgiving,  let  your  ret^uells 
be  made  known  unto  God. 

•  Jer.  vii.  23.  But  this  thing 
commanded  I  them,  faying,  Obey 
my  voice,  and  I  will  be  your 
God,  and  ye  fliall  be  my  people  : 
and  walk  ye  in  all  the  ways  that 
I  have  commanded  you,  that  it 
may 


The  Larger  Catechifyn. 


259 


careful  in  all  thino-s  to  pleafe  hint  >-■,  and  forrowful  u-hen  in 
any  thing  he  is  offended  ^ ;  and  walking  humbly  with  him  "». 

(^  105.  JVhat  are  the  fms  forb'uiden  in  the  firji  C07nn2a7id' 
fneiit  ? 

A.  The  fins  forbidden  in  the  firil  commandment  rrx-e, 
Atheifm,  in  denying,  or  not  having  a  God " ;  Idolatry,  in 
iiaving  or  v;orlhipping  more  gods  than  one,  or  any  with  or 
inftead  of  the  true  God  ° ;  the  not  having  and  avouching 
him  for  God,  and  our  Cod  i' ;  the  omillion  or  negled  of 
any  thing  due  to  him,   required  in  this  commandment  <i ; 

igno- 


may  be  well  unto  you.  James 
iv.  7.  Submit  yourfelves,  there- 
fore, to  God  J  refift  the  devil, 
and  he  will  flee  from  you. 

''  I  John  iii.  22 .  And  whatfoever 
wealk,  we  receive  of  him,  becaufe 
we  keep  his  commandments,  and 
do  thofe  things  that  are  pleating 
in  his  fight. 

'  Jer.  xxxi.  18.  I  have  furely 
heard  Ephraim  bemoaning  him- 
felf  thus,  Thou  haft  chaftifed  me, 
and  I  was  chaftifed,  as  a  bullock 
unaccuftomed  to  the  yoke  :  turn 
thou  me,  and  I  fhall  be  turned  ; 
for  thou  art  the  Lord  my  God. 
Pfal.  cxix.  136.  Rivers  of  waters 
run  down  mine  eyes  j  becaufe  they 
keep  not  thy  law. 

~  Micah  vi.  8.  He  hath  Ihewed 
thee,  O  man,  what  is  good  ;  and 
what  doth  tlie  Lord  require  of 
thee,  but  to  do  juftly,  and  to  love 
mercy,  and  to  walk  humbly  with 
thy  God  '> 

105.  "  Pfal.  xiv.  I.  The  fool 
hath  fald  in  his  heart.  There  is  no 
God :  they  are  corrupt,  they  have 
done  abominable  works,  there  is 
none  that  doeth  good.  Eph.  ii.  12. 
That  at  that  time  ye  were  with- 
out Chrift,  being  aliens  from  the 
commonwealth  of  Ifrael,  and 
ftrangers  from  the  covenants  of 
promife,  having  no  hope,  and 
without  God  in  the  world. 


•  Jer.  ii.  27.  Saying  to  a  ftock, 
Thou  art  my  father  ;  and  to  a 
ftone,Thou  haft  brought  me  forth : 
for  they  have  turned  their  back 
unto  me,  and  not  their  face :  but 
in  the  time  of  their  trouble  they 
will  fay,  Arife,  andfaveus.  V.28. 
But  where  are  thy  gods  that  thou 
haft  made  thee  ?  let  them  arife  if 
they  can  fave  thee  in  the  time  of 
thy  trouble  :  for  according  to  the 
number  of  thy  cities  are  thy  gods, 
O  Judah.  Compared  with  i  TheC 
1.9.  For  they  themfelves  Ihew  of 
us  what  manner  of  entering  in 
we  had  unto  you,  and  how  ye 
turned  to  God  from  idols,  to  ferve 
the  living  and  true  God. 

P  Pfal.  Ixxxi.  1 1 .  But  my  people 
would  not  hearken  to  my  voice  j 
and  Ifrael  would  none  of  me. 

''Ifa.  xliii.  22.  But  thou  haft  nO't 
called  upon  me,  O  Jacob,  but  thou 
haft  been  weary  of  me,  O  Ifrael. 
V.  23.  Thou  haft:  not  brought  me 
the  fmall  cattle  of  thy  burnt- oifer- 
ings,  neither  haft  thou  honoured 
me  with  thy  facrifices.  I  have  not 
caufed  thee  to  ferve  with  an  offer- 
ing, nor  wearied  thee  with  incenfe. 
V.  24.  Thou  haft  bought  me  no 
fweet  cane  with  money,  neither 
haft  thou  filled  me  with  the  fat  of 
thy  facrifices :  but  thou  haft  made 
me  to  ferve  with  thy  fuis,  thou  haft 
wearied  me  with  thine  iniquities. 
•^Jer. 


.6o 


The  Larger  Catechlftn. 


ignorance  s  forgetfulnefs ',  mifapprehenfions  %  falfe  opinions ', 
unworthy  and  wicked  thoughts  of  him  "" ;  bold  and  curious 
fearching  into  his  fecrets  -  ;  all  profanenefs  y,  hatred  of  God  ^ ; 
ielf-love  %  fdf-feeking  '',  and  all  other  inordinate  and  iii> 
mcrderate  fetting  of  our  mind,  will,  or  affedions,  upon  other 
things,  and  taking  tliem  ofFfrom  him  in  whole  or  in-  part  "^ ;. 

vain 


*"  Jer.  iv.  22.  For  my  people  is 
foolilh,  they  have  not  known  me; 
they  are  fottHh  children,  and  they 
have  none  underftandhig  :  they 
are  wife  to  do  evil,  but  to  do 
good  they  have  no  knowledge. 
Hof.  iv.  I .  Hear  the  word  of  the 
Lord,  ye  children  of  Ifrael :  for 
the  Lord  hath  a  controverfy  with 
the  inhabitants  of  the  land,  be- 
caufc  there  is  no  truth,  nor  mercy, 
nor  knowledge  of  God,  in  the 
Iv.nd.  V.  6.  My  people  are  de- 
Ih-oyed  for  lack  of  knowledge  : 
becaufe  thou  haft  rejected  know- 
ledge, I  alfo  will  reject  thee, 
that  thou  fhak  be  no  priell  to  me : 
feeuig  thou  haft  forgotten  the  law 
of  tiiy  God,  I  will  alfo  forget  thy 
children. 

^  Jer.  ii.  32.  Can  a  maid  forget 
her  ornaments,  or  a  bride  lier  at- 
tire ?  yet  my  people  have  forgot- 
ten me  days  without  number. 

^  Acts  xvii^2  3.  For  as  I  pafled 
by,  and  beheld  your  devotions,  I 
found  an  altar  with  this  infcrip- 
tion,  T  O  T  H  E  U  N  K  N  O  W  N 
GOD.  Whom  therefore  ye  ig- 
norantly  worOiip,  him  declare  I 
unto  you.  N.  29.  Forafmuch 
then  as  we  are  the  offspring  of 
God,  we  ought  not  to  think  that 
the  Godnead  is  like  unto  gold,  or 
filver,  orftone,  graven  by  art  and 
man's  device. 

"  Ifa.  xl.  18.  To  whom  then 
will  ye  liken  God  ?  or  what  like- 
ncfs  will  ye  compare  unto  hint? 

^'  Pfal.  1.  2r.  Theie  things  haft 
thou  doncj  and  I  kept  iilcuce  : 


thqu  thoughteft  that  I  was  alto- 
gether fuch  an  one  as  thyfelf :  but 
i  will  reprove  thee,  and  fet  them 
in  order  before  thine  eyes. 

^  Deut.  xxix.  29.  The  fecret 
things  belong  unto  the  Lord  our 
God  :  but  thofe  things  which  are 
revealed  belong,  unto  us,  and  to 
our  children  for  ever,  that  we 
may  do  all  the  words  of  this  law. 

^  Tit.  i.  16.  They  profefs  thai: 
they  know  God  ;  but  in  works 
they  deny  him,  being  abominable, 
and  difobedient,  and  unto  every 
good  work  reprobate.  Heb.  xii.  1 6» 
Left  there  be  any  fornicator,  or. 
profane  perfon,  as  Efau,  who  for 
one  morfel  of  meat  fold  his  birth- 
right. 

^  Rom.  i.  30.  Backbiters,  ha- 
ters of  God,  defpiteful,  proud,, 
boafters, — 

^  2  Tim.  iii.  2.   For  men  fliall 
be  lovers  of  their  own  felves,  cot 
vetous,  boafters,  proud,  blafphe-  , 
mers,  difobedient  to  parents,  un-* 
thankful,  unholy. 

^  Phil.  ii.  2  r.  For  all  feek  their 
own,  not  the  things  which  are 
Jefus  Chrift's. 

•=  I  John  ii.  15.  Love  not  the 
world,  neither  the  things  that 
are  in  the  world.  If  any  man 
love  the  world,  the  love  of  the 
Father  is  not  in  him.  V.  16. 
For  all  that  is  in  the  world,  the 
luft  of  the  flefli,  and  the  luft  of 
the  eyes,  and  the  pride  of  life,  is 
not  of  the  Father,  but  is  of  the 
world.  I  Saju.  ii.  29.  Where- 
fore kick  ye  at  my  facrifice,  and 

at 


jTZ'o'  Larger  Catechifin. 


261 


vain  credulity  J,  unbelief  %  hcrefy  f,  mifbelief  e,  diftrull  % 
delpair';  incoiTigiblenels  >=,  and  infeniiblenefs  under  judg- 
nienrs ',  hardnefs  of  heart '",  pride  ",  prefumption  %  carnal 
fecurity  i^,  tempting  of  God  1 ;  uling  unlawful  means  ^,  and 

trufling 

at  mine  offering  which  I  have 
commanded  in  my  habitation, 
and  bonourefl  thy  fens  above  me, 
to  make  yourfelves  fat  with  the 
chiefcft  of  all  the  offerings  of 
lirael  my  people?  Col.  ill.  2-  Set 
■your  affection  on  things  above, 
not  on  things  on  the  earth.  V.5. 
Mortify,  therefore,  your  mem- 
bers which  are  upon  the  earth ; 
fornication,  uncleannefs,  inor- 
dinate ailection,  evil  concupif- 
cence,  and  covetoufnefs,  which 
is  idoktry. 

^  I  John  iv.  I .  Beloved,  believe 
not  every  fpirit,  but  try  the  fpr- 
rits  whether  they  are  of  God  ;  be- 
caufe  many  falfe  prophets  are  gone 
out  into  the  world. 

'  Heb.iii.  12.  Take  heed,  bre- 
thren, left  there  be  in  any  of  you 
an  evil  lieart  of  unbelief,  in  de- 
parting from  the  living  God. 

f  Gal.  V.  20.  Idolatry,  witch- 
craft, hatred,  variance,  emula- 
tions, wrath,  llrife,  feditions,  he- 
refies.  Tit.  iii.  \q.  A  man  that 
is  an  heretick,  after  the  firft  and 
fecond  admonition,  rejeft. 

*  Afts  xxvi.  9.  I  verily  thought 
with  myfelf  that  I  ought  to  do 
nany  things  contrary  to  the  name 
jf  Jefus  of  Nazareth. 

••  Pfal.  IxKviii.  22.  Becaufe  they 
relieved  not  in  God,  and  trufted 
lot  in  his  falvation. 

*  Gen.  iv.  13.  And  Cain  Hiid 
into  tlie  Lord,  My  punifiiment  is 
greater  than  I  can  bear. 

^  Jer.  V.  3.  O  Lord,  are  not 
hine  eyes  upon  the  truth?  Thou 
lall  ftricken  them,  but  they  liave 
lot  grieved  j  thou  haft  confumed 


them,  but  they  have  refufed  to 
receive  correftioii :  they  have 
made  their  faces  harder  than  a 
rock,  they  have  refufed  to  re- 
turn. 

'  I  fa.  xlii.  25.  Therefore  he 
hath  poured  upon  him  the  fury 
of  his  anger,  and  the  ftrength  of 
battle  :  and  it  hath  fet  him  on 
fire  round  about,  yet  he  knew 
not;  and  it  burned  him,  yet  he 
laid  it  not  to  heart. 

'"  Rom.  ii.  5.  But  after  thy 
hardnefs  and  impenitent  heart, 
treafureft  up  unto  thyfelf  wrath 
againft  the  day  of  wrath,  and  re- 
velation of  the  righteousjudgment 
of  God. 

^  Jer.  xiii.  15.  Hear  ye,  and 
give  ear,  be  not  proud :  for  the 
Lord  hath  fpoken. 

"  Pfal.  xix.  13.  Keep  back  thy 
fervant  alfo  from  prefumptuous 
li«s;  let  tlicm  not  have  dominion 
over  me  :  then  fliall  I  be  upright, 
and  I  fhall  be  innocent  from  the 
great  tranfgreffion. 

^  Zeph.  i.  12,  And  it  fliall  come 
to  pafs  at  that  time,  that  I  will 
fearch  Jer ufiilem  with  candles,  and 
punifli  the  men  that  are  fettled  on 
their  lees;  that  fay  in  their  heart, 
The  Lord  will  not  do  good,  nei- 
ther will  he  do  evil. 

^  Mat.  iv.  7.  Jefus  faid  unto 
him.  It  is  written  again.  Thou 
flialt  not  tempt  the  Lord  thy 
God.  . 

""  Rom.  iii.  8.  And  not  rather, 
(as  we  be  flanderoufly  reported, 
and  as  fome  affirm  that  we  fay, ) 
Let  us  do  evil,  that  good  may 
come?  whofe  damnation  isjuft. 
'  Jer. 


262  The  Larger  Catechifin, 

trufting  in  lawful  means  ' ;  carnal  deli-giits  and  joys  ^ ;  cor- 
rupt, blind,  and  indiicreet  zeal " ;  lukewannnefs  ^^  and  dead- 
neis  in  the  things  of  God  - ;  eflranging  ouifelves,  and  apo- 
flatiz-ing  from  God  y ;  praying,  or  giving  any  religions  wor- 
0iip,  to  faints,  angels,  or  any  other  creatures  = ;  all  com- 

pads 


'  Jer.  xvii.  5.  Thus  faith  the 
Lord,  Ciirfed  be  the  man  that 
trufteth  in  man,  and  niaketh  fiefh 
his  arm,  and  whofe  heart  depart- 
eth  from  the  Lord. 

*  2  Tim.  iii.  4.  Traitors,  heady, 
high-minded,  lovers  of  pleafure 
more  than  lovers  of  God. 

"'  Gal.  IV.  17.  They  zealoully 
affect  you,  but  not  well ;  yea, 
they  would  exclude  you,  that  ye 
might  affeiEt  them.  John  xvi.  2. 
They  fhall  put  you  out  of  the  fy- 
nagogues :  yea,  the  time  cometh, 
that  whofoever  killeth  you  will 
think  that  he  doethGod  fervice. 
Rom.  X.  2.  For  I  bear  them  re- 
cord, that  they  have  a  zeal  of 
God,  but  not  according  to  know- 
ledge. Luke  ix.  54.  And  when 
his  difciples  James  and  John 
faw  this,  they  faid,  Lord,  wilt 
thou  that  we  command  fire  to 
come  down  from  heaven,  and 
confume  them,  even  as  Ellas  did? 
V.  55.  But  he  turned,  and  rebu- 
ked them,  and  faid,  Ye  know  not 
what  manner  of  fpirit  ye  are  of. 

^' Rev.  iii.  16.  So  then,  becaufo 
thou  art  lukewarm,  and  neither 
cold  nor  hot,  I  will  fpue  thee  out 
of  my  mouth. 

"  Rev.  iii.  i.  Andunto  the  an- 
gel of  the  church  in  Sardis  write, 
Thefe  things  faith  he  that  hath 
the  feven  fpirits  of  God,  and  the 
feven  ftars;  I  know  thy  works, 
that  thou  haft  a  name  that  thou 
liveft,  and  art  dead. 

^  Kzek.  xiv.  5.  That  I  may  take 
the  houfe  of  Ifrael  in  their  own 
heart,  becaufe  they  are  all  eftran- 


ged  from  me  through  their  idols. 
IHi.  i.  4.  Ah  fmful  nation,  a  people 
laden  with  iniquity,  a  ^eeA  of  evil 
doers,  children  that  are  corrupt- 
ers :  they  have  forfaken  the  Lord, 
they  have  provoked  the  holy  One 
of  Ifrael  unto  anger,  they  are 
gone  away  backward  !  V.  5. 
Why  fliould  ye  be  ftricken  any 
more?  ye  will  revolt  more  and 
more  :  the  whole  head  is  fick, 
and  the  whole  heart  faint. 

^  Rom.  X.  13.  For  whofoever 
fliall  call  upon  the  name  of  the 
Lord  fliall  be  faved.  V.  14. 
How  then  fliall  they  call  on  him 
in  whom  they  have  not  believed  ? 
and  how  fliall  they  believe  in  him 
of  whom  they  have  not  heard  ? 
and  how  fliall  they  hear  without 
a  preacher?  Hofea  iv.  12.  My 
people  afli  counfel  at  their  ftocks, 
and  their  ftaffdeclarethunto  them: 
for  the  fpirit  of  whoredoms  hath 
caufed  them  to  err,  and  tliey  have 
gone  a  whoring  from  under  their 
God.  Acts  X.  25.  And  as  Peter 
was  coming  in,  Cornelius  met  him, 
and  fell  down  at  his  feet,  and  wor- 
fliipped  him.  V.  26.  But  Peter 
took  iiim  up,  faying,  Stand  up; 
I  myfelf  alfo  am  a  man.  Rev. 
xix.  10.  And  I  fell  at  his  feet  to 
worihip  him  :  and  he  faid  unto 
me.  See  thou  do  it  not ;  I  am  thy 
fellow- fervant,  and  of  thy  bre- 
thren that  have  the  teftimony  of 
Jefus ;  worfliip  God:  for  the  tefti- 
mony  of  Jefus  is  tlie  fpirit  of  pro- 
phe>y.  Mat.  iv.  10.  Then  faith 
Jefus  unto  him,  Get  thee  hence, 
Satan :  for  it  is  written,  'i'hou 
Ihalt 


The  Larger  Catechlfm, 


263 


padls  and  confultiiig  with  tlie  devil  s  and  hearkening  to  his 
lu^^geflions  ^' ;  making  men  the  lords  of  oui''  faith  and  con- 
fcience  " ;  flighting  and  defpifnig  God  and  his  commands  ^ ; 
reiilHng  and  grieving  of  his  Spirit  s  difcontent  and  impatience 
at  his  difpenfations,  charging  him  fooliflily  for  the  evils  he  in- 
flids  on  us  f  J  and  afaibing  the  praife  of  any  good  we  either  arc, 

have. 


{halt  worfliip  the  Lord  thy  God, 
and  him  only  ihalt  thou  ferve. 
Col.  ii.  18.  Let  no  man  beguile 
you  of  your  reward,  in  a  volun- 
tary humility,  and  worfhipping 
of  angels,  intruding  into  thofe 
things  which  he  hath  not  feen, 
vainly  puifed  up  by  hisflellily  mind . 
Rom.  i.  25.  Who  changed  the 
truth  of  God  into  a  lye,  and  wor- 
ftiipped  and  ferved  the  creature 
more  than  the  Creator,  who  is 
blefled  for  ever.     Amen. 

**  Lev.  XX.  6.  And  the  foul  that 
turneth  after  fuch  as  have  familiar 
fpirlts,  and  after  wizards,  to  go 
a  whoring  after  them,  I  will  even 
fet  my  face  againft  that  foul,  and 
will  cut  him  off  from  among  his 
people.     I  Sam.  xxviii.  7.  Then 
faid  Saul  unto  his  fervants,   Seek 
me  a  woman  that  hath  a  familiar 
fpirit,  that  I  may  go  to  her,  and 
enquire  of  her.     And  his  fervants 
I  faid  to  him.  Behold,  there  is  a 
:   woman  that  hath  a  familiar  fpi- 
rit at  En-dor.     V.  1 1 .  Then  faid 
the  woman,   Whom  fliall  I  bring 
up  unto  thee?  And  he  faid^  Bring 
me  up  Samuel.     Coinpared  iviiti 
I  Chron.  x.  [3.     So  Saul  died  for 
his  tranfgrefiion   which  he  com- 
mitted  againll   the  Lord,    even 
againft   the  word   of  the   Lord 
which  he  kept  not,  and  alfo  for 
a(king  counfel  of  one  who  had  a 
familiar  fpirit,  to  enquire  of  it ; 
"1  V.  14.  And  enquired  not  of  the 
Lord  :  therefore  he  flew  him,  and 

t  turned  the  kingdom  unto  David, 


^  Aas  V.  3.  But  Peter  faid,  Ana. 
nias,  why  hath  Satan  filled  thine 
heart  to  lye  to  the  Holy  Ghoft, 
and  to  keep  back  part  of  the  price 
of  the  land? 

^  2  Cor.  i.  24.  Not  for  that  we 
have  dominion  over  your  faith, 
but  are  helpers  of  your  joy :  for 
by  faith  ye  ftand.  Mat.  xxiii.  9. 
And  call  no  man  your  father  upon 
the  earth  :  for  one  is  your  Father 
which  is  in  heaven. 

^  Deut.  xxxii.  15.  But  Jefluirnn 
waxed  fat,  and  kicked  :  thou  art 
waxen  fat,  thou  art  grown  thick, 
thou  art  covered  with  fatnefs; 
then  he  forfook  God  which  made 
him, and  lightly  efteemed  the  Rock 
of  his  falvation.  2  Sam.  xii.  9. 
Wherefore  haft  thou  defpifed  the 
commandment  of  the  Lord,  to  do 
evil  iu  his  fight  ?  thou  haft  killed 
Uriah  tlie  Hittite  with  the  fword, 
and  haft  taken  his  wife  to  be  thy 
wife,  and  haft  flain  him  with  the 
fword  of  the  children  of  Ammon. 
Prov.  xiii.  13.  Whofo  defpifeth 
the  word  fhall  be  deftroyed  ;  but 
he  that  feureth  the  command- 
ment ftiall  be  rewardetK 

^  Acts  vii.  51.  Ye  ftiff-necked 
and  uncircumcifed  in  heart  and 
ears,  ye  do  always  refiit  the  Holy 
Ghoft :  as  your  fathers  did,  fo  do  ye. 
Eph.  iv.  30.  And  grieve  not  the 
holy  Sph'it  of  God,  whereby  ye  are 
fealed  unto  the  day  of  redciiiption. 
^  Pfal.  Ixxiii.  2.  But  as  for  me, 
my  feet  were  almoft  gone  :  my 
fteps  had  well  nigh  dipped.  V.  3. 
For  I  was  envious  at  the  foolifh, 
when 


264 


7he  Larger  CatecUfm. 


have,  or  can  do,  to  fortune  «,  idols  »>,  ourfelves  ',  or  any 
other  creature  ^. 

Q^  106.  What  are  lOe  efpecially  taught  hythefe  words  [before 
me]  in  the  firft  command?nent  F 

A.  Thefe  words  [before  me']  or  before  my  face,  in  the  firll 
commandment,  teach  us,  that  God,  who  feeth  all  things,  taketh 
fpecial  notice  of,  and  is  much  difpleafed  with,  the  Tin  "of  having 
any  other  god :  that  fo  it  may  be  an  argument  to  difTuade  froi'n 
it,  and  to  aggravate  it  as  a  molt  impudent  provocation  ' ;  as 

alfo 

when  I  faw  the  profperity  of  the 
wicked.  V.  13.  Verily  I  have 
cleanfed  my  heart  in  vain,  and 
v^aftied  my  hands  in  innocency. 
V.  14.  For  all  the  day  long  have  I 
been  plagued,  and  chaftened  every 
morning.  V.  15.  If  I  fay,  I  will 
fpeak  thus;  behold,  I  fhould  of- 
fend againil  the  generation  of  thy 
children.  V.  22.  So  foolifli  was 
I,  and  ignorant :  I  was  as  a  beaft 
before  thee.  Job  i.  22.  In  all 
this  Job  finned  not,  nor  charged 
God  foolifhly. 


Sam.  vi.  7.  Now,  therefore, 
make  a  new  cart,  and  take  tsvo 
milch-kine  on  which  there  hath 
come  no  yoke,  and  tie  the  kine 
to  the  cart,  and  bring  their  calves 
home  from  them :  V.  8.  And 
take  the  ark  of  the  Lord,  and 
lay  it  upon  the  cart,  and  put  the 
jewels  of  gold,  which  ye  return 
him  for  a  trefpafs-ofFering,  in  a 
coffer  by  the  Ikle  thereof,  and 
fend  it  away,  that  it  may  go. 
V.  9.  And  fee,  if  it  goeth  up  by 
the  way  of  his  own  coaft  to  Beth- 
fhcmefli,  then  he  hath  done  us  this 
great  evil :  but  if  not,  then  we 
fliall  know  that  it  is  not  his  hand 
that  fmote  us;  it  was  a  chance 
that  happened  to  us. 

"  Dan.  v.  23.  But  haft  lifted 
up  thyfelf  againfl:  the  Lord  of 
heaven;  and  they  have  brought 
the  velfels  of  his  houfe   before 


thee,  and  thou  and  thy  lords,  thy 
wives  and  thy  concubines,  have 
drunk  wine  in  them;  and  thou 
haft  praifed  the  gods  of  filver  and 
gold,  of  brafs,  iron,  wood  and 
ftone,  which  fee  not, nor  hear,  nor 
know:  and  the  God  in  whofehand 
thy  breath  is,  andwliofe  are  all 
thy  ways,  haft  thou  not  glorified. 

'  Deut.  viii.  17.  And  thou  fay 
in  thine  heart,  My  power  and  the 
might  of  my  hand  hath  gotten  me 
this  wealth.  Dan.  iv.  30.  The 
king  fpake,  and  faid,  Is  not  this 
^reat  Babylon  that  I  have  built 
tor  the  houfe  of  the  kingdom,  by 
the  might  of  my  power,  and  for 
the  honour  of  my  majefty? 

k  Hab.  i.  16.  Therefore  they 
facrifice  unto  their  net,  and  burn 
incenfe  unto  their  drag:  becaufe 
by  them  their  portion  is  fat,  and 
their  meat  plenteous. 

106.  »  P^zek.  viii.  5.  Then  faid 
he  unto  me,  Son  of  man,  lift  up 
thine  eyes  now  the  way  towards 
the  north.  So  I  lifted  up  mine  eyes 
the  way  towards  the  north,  and 
behold  northward,  at  the  gate  of 
the  altar,  this  image  of  jealoufy 
in  the  entry.  V.  6.  He  faid  fur- 
thermore unto  me,  Son  of  man, 
feeft  thou  what  they  do  ?  even 
the  great  abominations  thnt  the 
houfe  of  Ifrael  committeth  here, 
that  I  fliould  go  far  oir  from  my 
flmdtuary?  but  turn  thee  yet  again, 
and 


The  Larger  Catechiffn.  ^^5 

alfo  to  perfuade  us  to  do  as  in  his  fight,  whatever  we  do  in 
his  fer vice  '". 

Q^  107.  Ji^bicb  is  the  fecond  commandment  P 

A.  The  fecond  commandment  is,  fhoii  pmlt  not  make  unto 
thee  any  graven  miage,  or  any  likefiefs  of  any  thing  that  is  in 
heaven  above,  or  that  is  in  the  earth  beneath,  or  that  is  in  the 
water  under  the  earth.  Thou  fialt  not  bow  dovm  thyfelf  to 
them,  nor  ferve  them :  for  I  the  Lord  thy  God  am  a  jealous 
God,  vi/iti/ig  the  ifiiquity  of  the  fathers  upon  the  children  unto 
the  third  and  fourth  generation  of  them  that  hate  7ne  .•  and 
foewing  mercy  unto  thoufands  of  them  that  love  me,  and  keep 

'  commandments  ", 

(^108.  JVh.U  are  the  duties  required  in  the  fecond  com- 

v,ubncnt? 

A.    The  duties  required    in   tlie   fecond   commandment 

J,  the  receiving,  obfervino-,.  and  keeping  pure  and  en- 
tire, all  fuch  rehgious  worihip  and  ordinances  as  God 
hath  inlliLuled   in    his    word  '> ;    particularly    prayer    arid 

thankigiving 


and  t'lou  Ihalt  fee  greater  abomi- 
nations, 6-c.  \jo  the  and  of  the 
Chapter.^  Pfal.  xliv.  20.  If  we 
have  forgotten  the  name  of  our 
God,  or  ikretched  out  our  hands 
to  a  ftrange  god:  V.  21.  Shall 
not  God  fearch  this  out  ?.  for 
he  kuoweth  the  fecrets  of  the 
heart. 

'"  I  Ghron.  xxviii.  9.  Ahdthou, 
Solomon  iiry  Ton,  know  thou  the 
God  of  thy  father,  and  ferve  him 
with  a  perfeft  heart,  and  with  a 
willing  mind:  for  the  Lordfearch- 
eth  all  hearts,  and  underltand- 
eth  all  the  imaginations  of  the 
thoughts:  if  thou  feek  him,  he 
will  be  found  of  thee  ;  but  if  thou 
forfake  him,  he  will  caft  thee  oft" 
for  ever. 

.,.jo7-  "  Exod.  XX.  4,  5,  6. 
•  108.  °  Deut.  xxxii.  46.  And  he 
Paid  unto  them.,  Set  your  hearts 
into  all  the  words  which  I  teftify 
iqjong  you  this  day  j  which  ye  fliaU 


command  your  children  to  ob- 
ferve  to  do  all  the  words  of  this 
law.  V.  47.  For  it  is  not  a  vain 
thing  for  you  :  becaufe  it  is  your 
life  ;  and  through  this  thing  ye 
dial  I  prolong  your  days  in  the 
land  whither  ye  go  over  Jordan 
to  polfefs  it.  Mat.  xxviii.  20. 
Teaching  them  to  obferve  all 
things  w  :iatroever'I  have  com- 
manded you :  and,  lo,  I  am  with 
you  alway,  even  unto  the  end  of 
the  world.  ASls  ii.  42.  And  they 
continued  ftedfaftly  Inthe  apoftles' 
do£trine  and  fellowfliip,  and  in 
breaking  of  bread,  and  in  prayers- 
I  Tim.  vi.  13.  I  give  thee  charge 
in  the  fight  of  God,  who  quicken- 
eth  all  things,  and  before  Chriil 
Jefus,  who  before  Pontius  Pilate 
witneffed  agood  confeilion;  V.  1 4. 
That  thou  keep  this  command- 
ment without  fpot,  unrebukable, 
until  the  appearing  of  our  Lord 
Jefus  Chrift. 

M  ^  PlUl. 


266 


The  Larger  Catechifm, 

thankfglving  in  the  name  of  Chrill  p ;  the  readino-,  preach- 
ing,^ and  liearing  of  the  word  ^  ;  the  adniiniltration  and 
receiving  of  the  fncraments  r  .  church-government  and  dif- 
ciphne ' ;  the  niiniflry  and  maintenance  thercof  ^  ;  reli- 
gious 


P  Phil.  iv.  6.  Be  careful  for 
nothing :  but  in  every  thing  by 
prayer  and  fupplication  with 
thankfgiving  let  your  requefls 
be  made  known  unto  God.  Eph. 
V.  20.  Giving  thanks  always  for 
all  things  untoGod  and  theFather, 
in  the  name  of  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift. 

«  Deut.  xvii.  18.  And  it  fhall 
be,    when  he   fitteth  upon  the 
throne  of  his  kingdom,  that  he 
Ihall  write  him  a  copy  of  this  law 
in  a  book,  out  of  that  which  is 
before  the    priefts  the  Levites: 
V.  19.  4nd  it  fhall  be  with  him, 
and  he  fhall  read  therein  all  the 
days  of  his  life :  that  he  may  learn 
to  fear  the  Lord  his  God,  to  keep 
all  the  words  of  this  law  and  thefe 
ftatutes,  to  do  them.    Afts  xv.  2  r . 
For  Mofes  of  old  time  hath  in 
every  city  them  that  preach  him, 
being  read  in  thefynagogues  every 
fabbath-day.  2  Tim.  iv.  2.  Preach 
the  word,  be  inflant  in  feafon, 
out  of  feafon ;  reprove,  rebuke, 
exhort,  with  all  long- fuffering  and 
do£lrine.     James  i.  21.   Where- 
fore lay  apart  all  filchinefs  and 
fuperfluity  of  naughtinefs,  and  re- 
ceive with  meeknefsthe  ingrafted 
word,  which  is  able  to  fave  your 
fouls.     V.  22.  But  be  ye  doers 
of  the  word,  and  not  hearers  on- 
ly,  deceiving  your  own  felves. 
Afts  X.  35.  Immediately  therefore 
I  fent  to  thee ;  and  thou  hafl  well 
done  that  thou  art  come.     Now, 
tlierefore,  are  we  all  here  prefent 
before   God,   to  hear  all   things 
that  are  commanded  thee  of  God. 


•■  Mat.  xxviii.  xg.  Go  ye,  there- 
fore, and  teach  all  nations,  bapti- 
zing them  in  the  name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of 
the  Holy  Ghofl.  r  Cor.  xi.  from 
Verje  23.  to  Verfe  30.  For  I  have 
received  of  the  Lord  that  which 
alfo  I  delivered  unto  you.  That 
the  Lord  Jefus,  the  fame  night 
in  which  he  was  betrayed,  took 
bread,  fbc. 

^  Mat.  xviii.  15.  Moreover,  if 
thy  brother  fhall  trefpafs  againft 
thee,  go  and  tell  liim  his  fault 
between  thee  and  him  alone :  if 
he  fhall  hear  thee,  thou  hafl  gain- 
ed thy  brother.     V.  16.  But  if 
he  will  not  hear  thee,  then  take 
with  thee  one  or  two  more,  that 
in  the  mouth  of  two  or  three  wit- 
nefTes  e^ery  word  may  be  efta- 
blifhed.     V.  17.  And  if  he  fliall 
neglea  to  hear  them,  tell  it  unto 
the  church :  but  if  he  negleft  to 
hear  the  church,  let  him  be  unto 
thee  as  an  heathen  man  and  a 
publican.       Mat.  xvi.  19.  And  I 
will  give  unto  thee  the  keys  of  the 
kingdom  of  heaven :  and  what- 
foever  thou  fhalt  bind  on  earth, 
fhall  be  bound  in  heaven;    and 
whatfoever  thou  fhalt  loofe  on 
earth,  fliall  be  loofed  in  heaven. 
I  Cor.  Chapter  v.     i  Cor.  xii.  28. 
And   God  hath  fet  fome  in  the 
churchjfirft,  apoftlesjfecondarily, 
prophets;  thirdly,  teaciiers;  after 
that  miracles,  then  gifts  of  heal- 
ings, helps,  governments,  diver- 
fities  of  tongues. 

'   Eph.  iv.    rr.    And  he  gave 
fome  apoftles,  and  fome  prophets, 

and 


The  Larger  Caiechifm, 


267 

gious  failing  "  ;  fwearincx  by  the  name  of  God  "',  and 
vowing  unto  him  ^  :  as  alio  the  difapproving,  detefling,  op- 
pofing,  all  falfe  worfliip  >■ ;  and,  according  to  eacli  one's 
place  and  calling,  removing  ir,  and  all  monuments  of  ido- 
latry ^  ^  . 

Q:^  109.  IV/mi  are  the  fins  for biddeii  in  the  fecond  coimnand' 
,,icntP 

A,  The  fins  forbidden  in  the  fecond  commandment  are^ 

all. 


and  fome  evangelifts,  and  fome 
paftors  and  teachers ;  V.12.  For 
the  perfe£ling  of  the  fahits,   for 
the  work  of  the  miniftry,  for  the 
edifying  of  the  body  of  Chrifl. 
r  Tim.  v.  i-j.  Let  the  elders  that 
nile  well  be  counted  worthy  of 
double  honour,    efpeciaily  they 
who  labour  in  the  word  and  doc- 
trine.     V.  18.  For  the  fcripture 
faith,  Thou  flialt  not  muzzle  the 
ox  that  treadeth  out  the  corn  : 
and,  The  labourer  is  worthy  of 
his  reward.      i  Cor.  ix.  7, — 15. 
Who  goeth  a  warfare  any  time  at 
his  own  charges?  who  planteth  a 
,  vineyard,  and  eateth  not  of  the 
\  fruit  thereof  ?  or  who  feedeth  a 
;  flock,  and  eateth  not  of  the  milk 
,  of  the  flock?  <:^c, 
i      ^  Joel  ii.   12.    Therefore  alfo 
!  now,    faith  the  Lord,  Turn  ye 
even  to  me  with  all  your  heart, 
and  with  fafting,  and  with  weep- 
ing, and  with  mourning.    V.  13. 
And  rend  your  heart,  and  not  your 
garments,  and  turn  unto  the  Lord 
your  God  :  for  be  is  gracious  and 
merciful.— I  Cor.  vii.  5.  Defraud 
ye  not  one  the  other,  except  it  be 
witJi  coufent  for  a  time,  that  ye 
may  give  yourfelves  to  failing  and 
prayer ; — 

/"  Deut.  vi.  13.  Thou  flialt 
fear  the  Lord  thy  God,  and 
ferve  him,  and  flialt  fwear  by  his 
name. 


*  Ifa.  xix.  21.  And  the  Lord 
fhall  be  known  to  Egypt,  and  the 
Egyptians  (hall  know  the  Lord  in 
that  day,  and  Ihall  do  facrifice 
and  oblation;  yea,  they  fhall  vow 
a  vow  unto  the  Lord,  and  per- 
form it.  Pfal.  Ixxvi.  II.  Vow, 
and  pay  unto  the  Lord  your  God ; 
let  all  that  be  round  about  him 
bring  prefenti  unto  him  that  ought 
to  be  feared.  ^     .  ' 

''  Acts  xvii.  T  (■).  Now  while  Paul 
waited  for  them  at  Athens,  his 
fpirit  wasftirred  in  him,  when  he 
faw  the  city  wholly  given  to  ido- 
latry. V.  17.  Therefore  difpu- 
ted  he  in  the  (y-nagogue  with  the 
Jews,  and  with  the  devout  per- 
fons,  and  in  the  market  daily  with 
them  that  met  with  him.  Pfal. 
xvi.  4.  Their  forrows  (hall  be 
multiplied  that  haden  after  ano- 
ther god  :  their  drink-otferings  of 
blood  will  I  not  olfcr,  nor  take 
up  their  names  into  my  lips. 

^  Deut.  vii.  5.  But  thus  fhall  ye 
deal  with  them  ;  ye  (hall  delhoy 
their  altars,  and  break  down  their 
images,  and  cut  down  their  groves, 
and  burn  their  graven  images  with 
fire.  Ifa.  xxx.  22.  Ye  (hall  de- 
file alfo  the  covering  of  thy  graven 
images  of  filver.  and  the  ornament 
of  thy  molten  images  of  gold :  thou 
flialt  caft  them  away  as  a  menftru- 
ous  cloth ;  thou  flralt  fay  unto  it, 
Get  thee  hence. 


M  2        X09. '  Numb. 


i68 

^11  devifinp: 


^he  Lftrger  Cate^bifin. 

counfelJing  ^  commandmg  %  "ufing  %  and  any 
'vifc  approving,  any  religious  worfliip  not  inflituted  byGod 
}mnfelf=;  tolerating  a  fa  lie  religion^;  the  making  any  rc- 

prelentation 


T09.  *  Numb.  Kv.  39.  And  it 
fliall  be  unto  you  for  a  fringe, 
that  ye  may  look  upon  it,  and 
remember  all  the  commandments 
of  the  Loi-d,  and  60  them :  and 
that  ye  feek  not  after  your  own 
heart,  and  your  own  eyes,  after 
which  ye  ufe  to  go  a  whoring^ 

^  Der.t.  xiii,  6.  If  thy  brother, 
the  fou  of  thy  mother,  or  thy  fon, 
or  thy  daughter,  or  the  wife  of 
thy  bofom,  or  tliy  friend,  which 
if  as  thine  owrjToul,  entice  thee 
fe'cretly,  faying.  Let  us  go  and 
ferve  .other  gods,  wliich  thou 
hail  not  known,  thou,  nor  thy  ' 
lathers;  V.  7.  Namely,  of  the 
gods  of  tlie  people  which  are 
round  about  you,  nigh  unto  thee, 
or  far  off  from  thee,  from  the 
one  end  of  the  earth  even  unto 
the  other  end  of  the  earth  ;  V.'S: 
Thou  flialt  not  confent  unto  hiiii, 
nor  hearken  unto  him  ;  neither 
Ihall  thine  eye  pity  him,  neither 
lliait  thou  fpare,  neither  flialt 
thou  conceal  him. 

""  Hofea  V.  ir.  Ephraim  is bp- 
prfifed  and  broken  in  judgment,; 
becaufe  he  willingly  walked  after 
the comnidndment.  Micah vi.  1 6. 
For  theltatutcs  of  Omri  are  kept, 
and  all  the  works  of  the  houfe  of 
Ahab,  and  ye  walk  in  their  coun- 
fefs:  that  I  iKould  make  thee  a 
defolation,  and  the  inhabitants 
thereof  an  hifiing :  therefore  ye 
lliall  be^r".  the  reproach  of  my 
people.  ,,'  J 

<i  *  I  Kings  xi.  33.  Becaufe 
that  they  have^  forfakcn  me,  and 
have,  worlhipped  Afhtoreth  the 
croddcfs  of  theZidonians,  Che- 
molh  the  god  of  the'Mohbites, 


and  Milcom  the  god  of  the  chil- 
dren of  Amnion,  and  have  not 
walked  in  my  ways,  to  do  that 
which  is  right  in  mine  eyes,  and 
to  keep  my  (tatutes  and  my  judg- 
ments, as  did  David  his  father. 
I  Kings  xii.  33.  So  he  oftered 
upon  the  altar  which  he  had  made 
in  Beth-el,  the  fifteenth  day  of  the 
eightli  month,  even  in  the  month 
w^hich  he  had  devifed  of  his  ov.  n 
heart ;  and  ordained  a  feaft  unto 
the  children  of  Ifrael  :  and  he 
offered  upon  the  altar,  and  burnt 
incenfe. 

^  Deut.  xii.  30.  Take  heed  to 
thyfelf  that  thou  be  not  fnared  by 
following  them,  after  that  they 
be  deftroyed  from  before  thee; 
and  that  thou  enquire  not  after 
their  gods,  faying.  How  did  thefe 
nations  fer  e  their  gods  ?  even  Co 
will  I  do  likewife.  V.  31.  Thou 
{halt  not  do  fo  uixo  the  Lord  thy 
God  :  for  every  abomination  to 
the  Lord  which  he  hateth  have 
they  done  unto  their  gods  ;  for 
even  their  fons  and  tlieir  daugh- 
ters they  have  burnt  in  the  tire  to 
their  gods.  V.  32.  What  thing 
foever  I  command  you,  obferve 
to  do  it:  thou  (halt  not  add  there- 
to, nor  diminifh  from  it. 

f  Deut.  xiii.  f}-077z  Verfe  6.  to 
12.  [^See  letter  ^.^  Zech.  ■x\\V/2. 
And  it  (hall  come  to  pafs  in  that 
day,  faith  the  Lordof  hofts,  that 
I  will  cut  olf  the  names  of  the 
idols  out  of  the  land,  imd  they 
fliall  no  more  be  remembered  : 
and  alfo  I  will  caufe  the  prophets 
and  the  unclean  fpirit  to  pafs  out 
ofthe  land.  V.  3.  And  it  fhaU 
come  to  pafs,  that  when  any  (hall 

yet 


The  Large?'  Catechifm. 


269 


prefcntation  of  God,  of  all  or  of  any  of  the  three  peiTons, 
eitiicr  inwardly  in  our  mind,  or  outwardly  in  any  kind  of 
image  or  likenefsXFf^any  creature  whatlbev-ersj  all  worfliip-' 


yet  prophefy,  then  his  father  and 
his  mother  that  begat  him  fhall 
fay  unto  him,  Thou  (lialt  not  live  ; 
for  thou  fpeakeli;  lyes  in  the  name 
of  the;  Lord  :  and  his  father  and 
his  mother  that  begat  him  fliall 
thrnlt  him  through  \<'hen  he  pro- 
phefieth.  Rev.  ii.  2.  I  know  thy 
works,  and  thy  labour,  and  thy 
patience,  and  how  thou  canft  not 
bear  them  which  are  evil :  and 
thou  hall  tried  them  which  fay 
they  are  apoilies,  and  are  not, 
anc!  ha*l  found  them  lyars.  V.  1 4. 
But  1  have  a  few  things  a  gain  it 
thee,  hecaufe  thod  haft  there  them 
that  hold  the  doctrine  of  Balaam, 
who  taught  Balac  to  cad  a  (turn* 
bling-block  before  the  children  of 
Ifrael,  to  eatthings  facrificed  unto 
idols,  and  to  commit  fornication. 
V.15.  So  liaft  thou  alfo  them  that 
hold  the  doftrine  of  the  Kicolai- 
tans,  which  thing  I  hate.  V.  20. 
Notwithftanding,  I  have  a  few 
things  againft:  thee,  becaufe  thou 
ftiffereft  tliat  woman  Jeztbel, 
which  calleth  herG?lf  a  prophet- 
,  to  teach  and  to  feduce  my  fer- 
.uts  to  commit  fornication,  and 
to  eat  things  facrificed  unto  idols. 
Rev.  xvii.  12  And  the  ten  horns 
whicli  thou  fawert  are  ten  kings, 
which  have  received  no  kingdom 
as  yet ;  but  receive  power  as  kings 
one  hour  with  the  bead.  V.  16. 
And  the  ten  horns  which  thou 
faweft  uj)on  the  bead,  thefe  fliall 
Iw-te  the  whore,  and  fliall  make 
her  defolate  and  naked,  and  fhald 
eat  her  fleih,  und  burn  her  v  ith 
fire.  V.  17.  For  (iod  hath  put  in 
their  hearts  to  fulhl  his  will,  and 
to  a^ee,  and  give  their  kingdom 


unto  the  bead,  until'  the  words 
of  God  (hall  be  fultilied. 

^Deut.  iv.  15.  Take  ye,  there- 
fore, good  heed  unto  ycurfeives  * 
for  ye  faw  no  manner  of  fimili- 
tude  on  the  day  that  the  Lord 
fpake  unto  you  in  Horeb  out  of 
the  midft  of  the  fire:  V.  16. 
Led  ye  corrupt  yourfelves,  and 
make  you  a  graven  image,  the 
dmilitude  of  any  figure,  the  like- 
nefs  of  male  or  female,  V.  17. 
The  likenefs  of  any  bead  that  is 
on  the  earth,  the  likenefs  of  any 
winged  fowl  that  fiieth  in  the  air,- 
V.  rg.  The  likenefs  of  any  thing 
that  creepeth  on  the  ground,  the 
likenefs  of  any  fifh  that  is  in  the 
waters  beneath  the  earth:  V.  19. 
And  led  thou  lift  up  thine  eyes 
unto  heaven,  and  when  thou  feed 
the  dm,  and  the  moon,  and  tha 
ftars,  even  all  the  hod  of  heaven, 
dioulded  be  driven  to  worfiiip 
them,  and  ferve- them,  which  th^ 
Lord  thy  God  bath  divided  unto  all 
nations  under  the  whole  heaven ► 
Acts  xvii.  29.  Forafmuch  then  as 
we  are  the  offspring  of  God,  we 
ought  not  to  think  that  the  God- 
head is  like  unto  gold,  or  filver,' 
or  done,  graven  by  art  and  man's 
device.  Rom.  i.  21.  Becaufe  that, 
when  they  knew  God,'  they  glo- 
rihed  hiin  not  as  God,  neither 
were  thankful ;  but  became  vain 
in- their  imaginations,  and  their 
foolifii  heart  was  darkened.  V.  2?. 
Profefiing  themfeives  to  be  wh"e« 
they  became  fools,  V.  23.  Aiul 
changed  the  glor^  of  the  uncor. 
ruptibie  God  into  an  image  made 
like  to  corruptible  man,  nnd  to 
birds,  and  four-footed  beads,  and 
M  3  creeping 


27^  The  Larger  Qatechifin, 

ping  of  It  h,  or  God  in  it  or  by  it  ^  ;  the  making  of  any 
reprefentation  of  feigned  deities  ^,  and  all  worlhip  of  iheni, 
or  fe.rvice, belonging  to  them  ';  all  fuperflitions  devices"-, 
corrupiiDg  the  worihip  of  God  %  adding  to  it,  or  taking 
from  it  ^,  whether  invented  and  taken  up  of  ourfelves 


creepuig  things.  V.  25.  Who 
changed  the  truth  of  God  into  a 
lye,  and  worfhipped  and  ferved  the 
creature  more  than  the  Creator, 
%vho  is  bleired  for  ever.   Amen. 

^  Dan.  iii.  18.  But  if  not,  be  it 
known  unto  thee,  O  king,  that  we 
will  not  ferve  thy  gods,  nor  wor- 
fliip  the  golden  image  which  thou 
haft  fet  up.  Gal.  iv.  8.  Howbeit 
then,  when  ye  knew  not  God,  ye 
did  fervice  unto  them  which  by 
nature  are  no  gods. 

'  Exod.  xxxii.  5^  And  when 
Aaron  faw  it,  he  built  an  altar 
beftjre  it ;  and  Aaron  made  pro- 
clamation, and  faid.  To-morrow 
is  a  feaft  to  the  Lord. 
.'  ^  Exod.  xxxii.  8.  They  have 
turned  afide  quickly  out  of  the 
way  which  I  commanded  them : 
tjriey  have  made  them  a  molten 
cafct^,  and  have  worfhipped  it,  and 
have  facrificed  thereunto,  and 
faid,  Thefe  be  thy  gods,  O  Ifrael, 
which  have  brought  thee  up  out 
of  the  land  of  Egypt. 

^  I  Kings  xviii.  26.  And  they 
took  the  bullock  which  was  given 
them,  and  they  drefled  it,  and 
called  on  the  name  of  Baal  from 
morning  even  until  noon,  faying, 
O  Baal,  hear  us.  But  there  was  no 
voice,  nor  any  that  anfwered. 
And  they  leaped  upon  the  altar 
which  was  made.  V.  28.  And 
they  cried  aloud,  and  cut  them- 
felves  after  their  manner  with 
linives  and  lancets,  till  the  blood 
gaftied  out  upon  them.  Ifa. 
ixv.  1 1 .  But  ye  are  they  that  for- 
fake  the  Lord,  tliat  forget  my  holy 


or 
received 

mountain,  that  prepare  a  table  for 
that  troop,  and  that  furnifii  the 
drink-otfering  unto  that  number. 

"^  Afts  xvii  .22.  Then  Paul  ftood 
in  the  midrt  of  Mars-hill,  and 
faid,  Ye  men  of  Athens,  I  per- 
ceive that  in  all  things  ye  are  too 
fuperftitious.  Col.  ii.  2  r. (Touch 
not,  tafte  not,  handle  not :  V.22. 
Which  all  are  to  perhli  with  the 
ufing, )  after  the  commandments 
and  dotlrines  of  men.  V.  23. 
Which  things  have  indeed  a  fhew 
of  wifdom  in  will-worllup  and 
humility,  and  neglefting  of  the 
body,  not  in  any  honour  to  the 
farisfying  of  the  flefli. 

"  Mai.  i.  7.  Ye  offer  polluted 
bread  upon  mine  altar;  and  ye  fay. 
Wherein  have  we  polluted  thee  ? 
In  that  ye  fay.  The  table  of  the 
Lord  is  contemptible.  V.  8.  And 
if  ye  offer  the  blind  for  facrilice, 
Ib  it  not  evil  ?  and  if  ye  offer  the 
lame  and  fick,  is  it  not  evil  ?  offer 
it  now  unto  thy  governor;  will  he 
be  pleafed  with  thee,  or  accept 
thy  perfon?  faith  the  Lord  of 
hofts.  V.  14.  Butcuifed  be  the 
deceiver,  which  hath  in  his  flock 
a  male,  and  voweth,  and  facri- 
ficeth  unto  the  Lord  a  corrupt 
thing:  for  I  am  a  great  King, 
faith  the  Lord  of  holts,  and  my 
name  is  dreadful  among  the  Hea- 
then. 

^  Deut.  iv.  2.  Ye  fhall  not  add 
unto  the  word  whicJi  I  command 
you, neither  fhall  yediminifhought 
from  it,  that  ye  may  keep  the 
connnandments  of  the  Lord  your 
God  which  I  commimd  you. 

^  PiUl. 


The  Larger  Catechifm,  271 

received  by  tradition  from  others  <3,  though  under  the  title 
of  antio^uity  %  cuflom  ',  devotion  %  good  intent,  or  any  other 
pretence  whatfoever  ";  Simony  '"-,  facrilege  »;  all  neglecT:  y, 

coni 


'  Pfal.  cvi.  59.  Thus  were  they 
defiled  with  their  own  works,  and 
went  a  whoring  with  their  own 
inventions. 

■^  Mat.  XV.  9.  But  in  vain  they 
do  worfhip  me,  teaching  for  doc- 
trines the  commandments  of  men. 

'  J  Pet.  i.  18.  Forafmuch  as  ye 
know  that  ye  were  not  redeemed 
with  corruptible  things,  as  filver 
and  gold,  from  your  vain  conver- 
fution  received  by  tradition  from 
your  fathers. 

'  Jer.  xliv.  17.  But  we  will  cer- 
tainly do  whatfoever  thing  goeth 
forth  out  of  our  own  mouth,  to 
burn  incenfe  unto  the  queen  of 
heaven,  and  to  pour  out  drink- 
offering-j  unto  her,  as  we  have 
rfone,  we  and  our  fathers,  our 
kings  and  our  princes,  in  the  cities 
of  Judah,  and  in  the  ftreets  of 
Jernfalem :  for  then  had  we  plenty 
of  victuals,  and  were  well,  and 
faw  no  evil. 

^  Ifa.  Ixv.  3.  A  people  that  pro- 
voketh  me  to  anger  continually  to 
my  face,  that  facrificeth  in  gar- 
dens, and  burneth  incenfe  upon 
altars  of  brick :  V.  4.  Which  re- 
main among  the  graves,  and  lodge 
in  the  monuments»  which  eat 
fwines  flefh,  and  broth  of  abomi- 
nable things  is  in  their  velfels  : 
V.  5.  Which  fay,  Stand  by  thy- 
felf,  come  not  near  to  me,  for  I 
am  holier  than  thou :  thefe  are  a 
fmoke  in  my  nofe,  a  fire  that 
burneth  all  the  day.  Gal.  i.  i^. 
For  ye  have  heard  of  my  conver- 
fation  in  time  paft  in  the  Jews' 
religion,  how  that  beyond  niea- 
fure  I  perfecuted  the  church  of 
God,  and  wafted  it :    V.  14.  And 


profited  in  thejews'  religion  above 
many  my  equals  in  mine  own 
nation,  being  more  exceedingly 
zealous  of  the  traditions  of  my 
fathers. 

""  I  Sam.  xiii.  11.  And  Samuel 
fald,  What  haft  thou  done  ?  And 
Saul  faid,  Becaufe  I  faw  that  the 
people  were  fcattered  from  me, 
and  that  thou  caineft  not  within 
the  days  appointed,  and  that  the 
Philiftines  gathered  themfelves 
together  to  Michmafh:  V.  12. 
Therefore  faid  I,  The  Philiftines 
will  come  down  now  upon  me  to 
Gilgal,  and  I  have  not  made  fup- 
plication  unto  the  Lord  :  I  forced 
myielf,  therefore,  and  offered  a 
burnt-offering,  i  Sam.  xv.  21. 
But  the  people  {/aid  Saul)  took 
of  the  fpoil,  flieep  and  oxen,  the 
chief  of  the  things  which  Ihould 
have  been  utterly  deftroyed,  to 
facrifice  unto  the  Lord  thy  God 
in  Gilgal. 

""  A£ts  viii.  iS.  And  when  Simon 
faw  that  through  laying  on  of  the 
apoftles'  hands  the  Holy  Ghoft  was 
given,  he  offered  them  money. 

"  Rom.  ii.  22.  Thou  that  ab- 
horreft  idols,  doll  thou  comDiit 
facrilege?  Mai.  iii.  8.  Will  a  man 
rob  God?  yet  ye  have  robbed  me  : 
but  ye  fay.  Wherein  have  we  rob- 
bed thee?  In  tithes  and  oUerings. 

^  Exod.  iv.  24-  And  it  carne  to 
pafs  fay  the  way  in  the  inn,  that 
the  Lord  met  him,  and  fought  to 
kill  him.  V.  25-  Then  Zipporah 
took  a  lliarp  ftone,  and  cut  off  the 
forelkin  of  her  fon,  and  caft  it 
at  his  feet,  and  faid.  Surely  a 
bloody  huiband  art  thou  to  me.. 
V.  26.  So  he  let  him  go:  thea 
^l  4  fhe 


2 72  The  Larger  Catechifm. 

contempt  ^,  hindering  »,  and  oppofmg  the  worfhip  and  ordi- 
nances which  God  haih  appointed  ^ 

(^  no.  What  are  the  reafons  minexed  to  the  fccond  com- 
nmndrrient^  the  more  to  enforce  itp 

A.  The  i-eafons  annexed  to  the  fecond  commandment,  the 
more^to  enforce' it,  contained  in  thefe  words.  For  I  the  Lord 
thy  God  am  a  jealous  God,  vifning  the  iniqidty  of  the  fathers 
upon  the  children  mito  the  third  and  fourth  generation  of  them 
that  hate  me:  (nid  fKvnng  mercy  unto  thoufcmds  of  them  that 
love  f7ie,  and  keep  my  commaiidtnents « ;  are,  befides  God's 
fovereignty  over  us,  and  propriety  in  us  J,  his  fervent  zeal  for 
his  own  woriliip  %  -and  his  revengeful  indignation  againft  all 


(he  faid,  A  bloody  hulband  thou 
art,  becaufe  of  tlie  circumci- 
fion. 

^  Mat.  xxii.  5.  But  they  made 
light  of  it,  and  went  their  ways, 
one  to  his  farm,  another  to  his 
jr.erchandife.  Mai.  i.  7-Yeofter 
polluted  bread  upon  mine  aUar  ; 
:ind  ye  fay,  Wherein  have  we 
polluted  thee  ?  In  that  ye  fay, The 
table  of  the  Lord  is  contemptible. 
V.  13.  Ye  faid  alio,  Behold,  what 
r.  wearineG-.  is  it !  and  ye  havefnutf- 
fcd  at  it,  faith  the  Lord  of  holts  ; 
and  ye  brought  that  which  w-as 
lorn,  and  the  lame,  and  the  fick; 
thus  ye  broughtan  oflcring:  flwuld 
I  accept  this  of  your  hand?  faith 
the  Lord. 

"■  Mat.  xxiii.  13.  But  woe  unto 
you,  fcribes  and  Pharifees,  hypo- 
crites! for  ye  fluit  up  the  kingdom 
of  heaven  againft  men  :  for  ye 
neither  go  in  yourfelves,  neither 
fulfer  ye  them  that  are  entering 
to  go  in. 

•»  Afts  xiii.  44.  And  the  nextfib- 
bath-day  came  almoft  the  whole 
city  together  to  hear  the  word  of 
God.  V.  45.  But  when  the  JeWs 
fuw  the  multitudes  they  were 
filled  with  envy,  and  fpake  againlt 
Ihofe  thingi  which  were  fpoken 


by  Paul,  contra dicTmg  and  blaf- 
pheming.  i  Theff.  ii.  15.  Who. 
both  killed  the  Lord  Jefus,  and 
their  own  prophets,  and  have  per- 
fecuted  usj  and  they  pleafe  not 
God,  and  are  contrary  to  ail  men  : 
V.  16.  Forbidding  us  to  fpeak. to 
the  Gentiles  that  they  nnght  be 
faved,  to  fill  up  their  fms  alway  : 
for  the  wrath  is  come  upon  them 
to  the  uttcrmoft. 

110.'^  Exod.  XX.  5,  6. 

•^  Pfal.xlv.  II.  SofiialltheKing 
greatly  defire  thy  beauty  :  for  he 
is  thy  Lord,  and  worfliip  thou 
him.:  Rev.  xv.  3.  And  they  fing 
the  fong  of  Mofes  the  fervant  of 
God,  and  the  fong  of  the  Lamb, 
faying,  Great  and  marvellous  are 
thy  works.  Lord  God  Almighty  ; 
juft  and  true  are  thy  ways,  thou 
King  of  faiitfs.  V.  4.  Who  fhall 
not  fear  thee,  O  Lord,  and  glorify 
thy  name  ?  for  thou  only  art  holy  : 
for  all  nations  fliall  come  and 
worfiiip  before  thee ;  for  thy  judg- 
ments are  nvdde  nianifeli. 

•^  Exod.  xxxiv.  13.  Butyelliall 
deftroy  their  altars,  break  their 
images,  and  cut  down  their  groves. 
V.  14.  For  thou  Ihak  worlhip  no 
other  god  :  for  the  Lord,  whofe 
name  is  Jealous,  is  u  jealous  God. 
f  I  Cor. 


The  Larger  Catcchi fin.  273 

Me  worQ^iip,  as  being  a  fpiritiial  whoredom  ^ ;  accounting 
the  breakers  of  this  commandment  fuch  as  liate  him,  and 
threatening  to  punifh  them  unto  divers  generations  e  ;  and 
eiteeming  the  oblervcrs  of  it  fuch  as  love  him  and  keep  his 
commanclments^  and .  promifing  mercy  to  them  unto  many 
generations  K  ;    -  - xi,'i  i  i.  JVhicb 


f  r  Cor.  X.  ?o.  But  I  fay,  That 
the  things  which  the  Gentiles  fa- 
critice,  tliey  facrifice  to  devils,  and 
not  to  God  :  and  I  would  not  that 
ye  fliould  have   fellowlhip  with 
devils.     V.  2r.  Ye  cannot  drink 
the  cup  of  the  Lord,  and  the  cup 
of  devils :  ye  cannot  be  partakers 
of  the  Lord's  table,   and  of  the 
table  of  devils.     V.  22.  Do  we 
provoke  the  Lord  to  jealoufy  ? 
are  we  ftronger  than  he?     Jer. 
vii.  18.  The  children  gather  wood, 
and  the  fathers  kindle  the  fire, 
and  the  women  knead  theirdough 
to  make  cakes  to  the  queen  of 
heaven,  and  to  pour  out  drink- 
olferings  unto   other   gods,    that 
they  may  provoke  me  to  anger. 
V.  19.  Do  they  provoke  me  to 
anger  ?  faith  the  Lord :  do  they 
notpt'ovoketheaifelvestothecon- 
fudon  of  their  own  faces  ?    V.  20. 
Therefore  thus  faith   the   Lord 
God,  Behold,  mine  anger  and  my 
I      fury  Ihall  be  poured  out  upon  this 
t       place,  upon  man,  and  upon  beafl, 
I       and  upon  the  trees  of  the  held, 
and  upon  the  fruit  of  the  ground ; 
and  it  ihall  burii,  and  fliall  not  be 
quenched.    Ezek,  xvi.  26.  Thop 
j     .hall  alfo  committed   fornication 
.with   the   Egyptians   thy  neigh- 
j     ''hours,  great  of  Hefli;  and  halt  ia- 
1    ,»crearcxi  t!iy  whoredoms,  to  pro- 
voke me  to  anger.    V.  27 .  Behold, 
ther,efore,   I    have  ftretched  out 
my  hand  over  thee,  and  have  di- 
miniihed  thine  ordinary  food,  and 
delivered  thee  unto  the  will  of 
them  that  Jtiate  thee,  tlie  daugh- 


ters of  the  Philiftines,  which  are 
afliamcd  of  tliy  lev.-d  way.  Deut. 
xxxii.  16.  They  provoked  him  to 
jealoufy  with  Itrange  gods,  with 
abominations  provoked  they  him 
to  anger.  V.  17.  They  facriliced 
unto  devils,  not  to  God  ;  to  gods 
whom  they  knew  not,  to  new 
gods  that  came  newly  up,  .whom 
your  fathers  feared  not.  V.  iS. 
Of  the  Rock  that  begat  thee  thou 
art  unmindful,  and  haft  forgotten 
God  that  formed  thee;  V.  19^ 
And  when  ■  the  Lord  faw  it  he 
abhorred  them,  becaufe  of  the 
provoking  of  his  fons,  and  of  liis 
daughters.  V.  20.  And  he  fuid, 
I  will  hide  my  face  from  them,  I 
w  ill  fee  what  their  end  Ihall  be  : 
for  they  are  a  very  fro  ward  genera- 
tion, children  in  whom  is  no  faith. 

^  Hofea  ii.  2.  Plead  with. your 
mother,  plead  :  for  fhe  is  not  my 
wife,  neither  am  I  her  hufband  : 
let  her,  therefore,  put  away  .her 
whoredoms  out  of  her  light,  and 
her  adulteries  from  between  her 
breaits  ;  V.  3.  Left  I  ilrip  her 
naked,  and  fet  her  as  in  the  day 
that  flie  wus  born,  and  make  lier 
as  a  wilderueft,  and  fet  her  like  a 
dry  laud,  and  flay  her  with  ^lirli, 
v.  4.  And  I  will  not  hi^ye  mercy 
upon  her.children^.for  tl^L'y  be  tluj 
children  of  whoredoms. 

>Deut.  V.  29,  O  that  there  were 
fuch  an  heart  in  them,  that  they 
wpuld  fear  me,  and  keep  all  my 
commandments  .always,  that  it 
might  be  wellj  >vith  them,  and 
with  their  chilflren  /or  ever ! 

M  5        III.  '  iixot!. 


^74  T:he  Larger  Cucchifni. 

Q:,  1 1 1.  PVhich  is  the  third  commandment  P 

A.  The  third  commandmect  is,  Thou  JJmlt  7iot  take  the 
name  of  the  Lord  thy  God  in  vain  .•  for  the  Lord  uill  jiot  hold 
him gniltlejj. that  taketh  his  fiame  in  -vain '. 

Q^  II 2.  PVhat  is  required  in  the  third  commandment  P 

A  The  tliird  commandment  requires,  That  the  name  of 
God,  his  titles,  attributes  ^,  ordinances  ',  the  word  ",  facra- 


inents  ^',  prayer  «>,  oaths  p,  vows  i,  lots 


iiis  works',  and 
whatfoever 


111.  'Exod.  XX,  7. 

112.  k  Mat.  vi.  9.  After  this 
manner,  therefore,  pray  ye :  Our 
Father  which  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  thy  name.  Deut. 
xxviii.  58.  If  thou  wilt  not  ob- 
ferve  to  do  all  the  words  of  this 
law  that  are  written  in  this 
book,  that  thou  mayeft  fear  this 
glorious  and  fearful  name,  THE 
LORDTHYGOD.  Pral.xxix.2. 
Give  unto  the  Lord  the  glory  due 
unto  his  name;  worfliip  the  Lord 
in  the  beauty  of  holinefs.  Pfal. 
Ixviii.  4.  Sing  unto  God,  fing 
praifes  to  hisuame:  extol  him 
that  rideth  upon  the  heavens  by 
his  name  JAH,  and  rejoice  before 
him.  Rev,  xv,  3,  4.  \^See  above 
in  letter  '^.J 

*  Mai.  i.  14.  But  curfed  be  the 
deceiver,  which  hath  in  his  flock 
2  male,  and  voweth,  and  facrihceth 
Ufito  the  Lord  a  corrupt  thing : 
for  I  am  a  great  King,  faith  the 
Lord  of  hoils,  and  my  name  is 
dreadful  among  the  Heathen. 
Eccl.  V.  I.  Keep  thy  foot  when 
thou  goelt  to  the  houfe  of  God, 
and  be  more  ready  to  hear  than 
To  give -the  facrifice  of  fools:  for 
tiieyconfider  not  that  they  do  evil. 

^  pfal.  cxxxviii.  2-  1  will  wor- 
fhip  towards  thy  holy  temple,  and 
praife  thy  name,  for  thy  loving- 
kindnefb,  and  for  thy  truth  :  for 
thou  halt  magnifie<l  thy  word 
i»bove  all  thy  name. 


°  r  Cor.  xi.  24.  And,  when  he 
had  given  thanks,  he  brake  it,  and 
faid,  Take,  eatj  this  is  my  body, 
which  is  broken  for  you  :  this  do 
in  remembrance  of  me.  V.  25. 
After  the  fame  mp.mier  alfo  he 
took  the  cup,  when  he  bad  fup- 
ped,  faying.  This  cup  is  the  new 
teftament  inmyblood:  this  do  ye, 
as  oft  as  ye  drink  it,  in  remem- 
brance of  me.  V.  28.  But  let  a 
man  examine  himfelf,  and  fo  let 
him  eat  of  that  bread,  and  drink 
of  that  cup.  V.  29.  For  he  that 
eateth  and  drinketh  unworthily, 
eateth  and  drinketh  damnation  to 
himfelf,  notdifcerningthe  Lord's 
body. 

°  I  Tim.  ii.  8. 1  will,  therefore, 
that  men  pray  everywhere,  lifting 
up  holy  hands,  without  wrath  and 
doubting. 

^  Jer.  iv.  2.  And  thou  fhalt 
fwear,  The  Lord  liveth,  in  truth, 
in  judgment,  and  in  righteoiu"- 
nefs ;  and  the  nations  ihall  blefs 
thcmfclvesin  him,  and  in  him  (hall 
they  glory. 

*^  Keel.  V.  2.  Be  not  rafh  with 
thy  mouth,  and  let  not  thine  heart 
be  hady  to  utter  any  thing  before 
God:  for  God  is  in  heaven,  and 
thou  upon  earth :  therefore  let 
thy  words  be  few.  \^.  4-  "When 
thou  vowcft  a  vow  imto  God, 
defer  not  to  pay  it  j  for  he  hath 
no  pleafure  in  fools  :    pay   that 


whicji  thou  hall  vowed. 


V.5. 

Better 


l^he  Larger  Cat echifin*  VS 

Vvhatroever  elfe  there  is  whereby  he  makes  hinifelf  known, 
be  holily  and  reverently  lifed  in  thought  %  meditation  \  word  "", 
and  writing  -^ ;  by  an  holy  profcihon  y,  and  anfwerable  con- 
veriation  ^fto  the  glory  of  God  ^,  and  the  good  of  oiufelves  i», 
and  others'.  Q^ii3./rZ'^^ 


Better  is  it  that  thou  fhouldefknot 
vow,  tnan  that  thouihouldeft  vow 
and  not  pay.  V.  6.  Suffer  not  thy 
mouth  to  caufe  thy  flefli  to  fm; 
neither  fay  thou  before  the  angel, 
that  it  was  an  error  :  wherefore 
fiiould  God  be  angry  at  thy  voice, 
and  deftroy  the  work  of  thme 
hands? 

"^  Acts  i.  24-  And  they  prayed, 
and  faid,  Thou,  Lord,  which 
know^eft  the  hearts  of  all  men, 
fhew  whether  of  thefe  two  thou 
haftchofen.  V.  26.  And  they  gave 
forth  their  lots;  and  the  lot  fell 
upon  Matthias;  and  he  was  num- 
bered with  the  eleven  apoftles. 

'Jobxx.xvi.  24.  Rememberthat 
thou  magnify  hib  work,  which  men 
behold. 

'  Mai.  iii.  16.  Then  they  that 
feared  the  Lord  fpake  often  one 
to  another  :  and  the  Lord  hear- 
kened, and  heard  it,  and  a  book 
of  remembrance  was  written  be- 
fore him  for  them  that  feared  the 
Lord,  and  that  thought  upon  his 
name. 

"  Plal.  viii.  I .  O  Lord  our  Lord, 
how  excellent  is  thy  name  in  all 
the  earth !  who  hart  fet  thy  glory 
above  the  heavens.  V.  3.  When 
I  conlider  thy  heavens,  the  work 
of  thy  lingers,  the  moon  and  the 
ilari  which  thou  halt  ordained ; 
V.  4.  What  is  man,  that  thou  art 
mindful  of  himr — V.  9.  O  Lord 
our  Lord,  how  excellent  is  thy 
name  in  all  the  earth  !  S^Sce  tlie 
Pfalm  throiighoiu.'] 

w  Col.  iii.  17.  And  whatfoever 
ye  do  in  word  ur  deed,  do  ail  \i\ 


the  name  of  the  Lord  Jefus,  gi- 
ving thanks  to  God  and  the  Father 
by  him.  Pfal.  cv.  2.  Sing  unto 
him,  fmg  pfalms  unto  him ;  talk 
ye  of  all  his  wondrous  works. 
V.  5.  Remember  his  marvellous 
works  that  he  hath  done,  bis 
wonders,  .and  the  judgments  of  his 
mouth. 

''Pfal.  cii.  18.  ThisihallbewTit- 
ten  for  the  generation  to  come  : 
and  the  people  which  (hall  be 
created  (hall  praife  the  Lord. 

^  I  Pet.  iii.  15.  But  fanftify  the 
Lord  God  in  your  hearts :  and  be 
ready  always  to  give  an  anfwer  to 
every  man  that  aflceth  you  a  reafon 
of  the  hope  that  is  in  you  with 
meeknefs  and  fear.  Micah  iv.  5. 
For  all  people  will  walk  every 
one  in  the  name  of  his  god,  and 
we  will  walk  in  the  name  of  the 
Lord  our  God  for  ever  and  ever. 

^  Phil .  i.  2  7 .  Only  let  your  con- 
verfation  be  as  it  becometh  the 
gofpel  of  Chriit  :— 

*  I  Cor.  X.  31.  Whether,  there- 
fore, ye  eat,  or  drink,  or  whatfo- 
ever ye  do,  do  all  to  the  glory  of 
God. 

^  Jer.  xxxli.  39.  And  I  will  giA'e 
them  one  heart,  and  one  way, 
that  they  may  fear  me  for  ever, 
for  the  good  of  them,  and  of 
their  chiltiren  after  them. 

'^  I  Pet.  ii.  1 2 .  Having  yourcon- 
verfation  honeft  among  the  Gen- 
tiles :  that,  whereas  they  fpeak 
againft  you  as  evil-doers,  they 
may  by  your  good  works,  which 
they  fnali  behold,  glorify  God  in 
tile  day  of  vilitation, 

M  6        113.  «»Mal. 


276 


The  Larger  Catechifm, 


(i,  113.  JVhal;  are  the  fins  forl?'uldcn  in  the  third  commmd- 
mentP     ■ 

J.  The  fins  forbidden  in  the  thii-d  commandment  are,  the  not 
ufnig  of  God's  name  as  is  required  ^;  and  the  abiile  of  it  in  an 
ignorant  %  vain'",  irreverent; profane c,fuperflitioush,  or  wicked 

mentionino: 


113.  ^  Mai.  ii.  2.  If  ye  will  not 
hear,  and  if  ye  will  not  lay  it 
to  heart,  to  give  glory  unto  my 
name,  faith  the  Lord  of  hods,  I 
will  even  Ccnd  a  curfe  upon  you, 
and  I  will  curfe  j^our  blcfiings ; 
yea,  I  have  curfed  them  already, 
becaufe  ye  do  not  lay  it  to  heart. 

"  Acts  xvii.  23.  For  as  I  puffed 
by,  and  beheld  your  devotions,  I 
found  an  altarwith  this  infcription, 
TO  THE  UNKNOWN  GOD. 
Whom  therefore  ye  ignorantly 
wodhip,  him  declare  I  unto  you. 

f  Prov.  XXX.  9.  Left  I  be  full, 
and  deny  thee,  and  fay,  Who  is 
the  Lord?  or  left  I  be  poor,  and 
i\ea.\s  and  take  the  name  of  my 
God  in  vain. 

^  Mai.  i.  6.  A  fon  honoureth  his 
father,  and  a  fervant  his  mailer  : 
if  then  I  be  a  father,  where  is 
mine  honour  ?  and  if  I  be  a  ma- 
Uer,  where  is  my  fear?  faith  the 
Lord  of  hofts  unto  you,  O  priefts, 
that  dcfpife  my  name.  And  ye  fay. 
Wherein  have  we  defpifed  thy 
name?  V.  7.  Ye  offer  polluted 
bread  upon  mine  altar ;  and  ye 
fay,  Wherein  have  we  polluted 
thee?  In  that  ye  fay,  The  table 
of  the  Lord  is  contemptible. 
V.  1 2 .  But  ye  have  profaned  it,  in 
that  ye  fay, The  table  of  the  Lord 
is  polluted  ,•  and  the  fruit  thereof, 
even  his  meat,  is  contemptible. 
Mai.  iii.  14-  Ye  have  faid.  It  is 
vain  to  ferve  God;  and  what 
profit  is  it  that  we  liave  kept  his 
ordinance,  and  that  we  have  walk- 
ed mournfally  before  the  Lord  of 
>-oils? 


**  t  Sam.  iv.  3.  And  when  the 
people  were  come  into  the  camp, 
the  elders  of  Ifrael  faid,  Wherefore 
hath  the  Lord  fmitten  us  to-day 
before  the  Philiftines  ?  Letusfctcii 
the  ark  of  the  covenant  of  the 
Lord  out  of  Siiiloh  unto  us,  that, 
when  iccometh  among  us,  it  may 
fave  us  out  of  the  hand"  of  our 
enemies.  ^  V.  4.  So  the  people  lent 
to  Shiloh,  that  they  might  bring 
from  thence  the  ark  of  the  cove- 
nant of  the  Lord  of  hofls,  which 
dwclleth  between  the  cherubims : 
and  the  two  fons  of  F^li,  Hophni 
and  Phinehas,  were  there  with 
the  ark  of  the  covenant  of  Gcd. 
V.  5.  And  when  the  ark  of  the 
covenant  of  the  Lord  came  into 
the  camp,  all  Ifrael  (liouted  with 
a  great  fliout,  fo  that  the  earth 
rang  again.  Jer.  vii.  4.  Truft  ye 
not  in  lying  words,  faying.  The 
temple  of  the  Lord,  the  temple 
of  the  Lord,  the  temple  of  the 
Lord,  are  tliefe.  V.  9.  Will  ye 
Ileal,  murder,  and  commit  adul- 
tery, and  fwear  falfely,  arid  burn 
incenfe  unto  Baal,  and  walk  after 
other  gods  whom  ye  know  not ; 
V.  10.  And  come  and  {\and  before 
me  in  this  houfe,  which  is  called 
by  my  name,  and  fay.  We  arede- 
livered  to  do  all  thefe  abomina- 
tions? V.  14.  Therefore  will  I 
do  u'nto  this  houfe,  which  is  called 
by  my  name,  wherein  ye  trult, 
and  unto  the  place  which  I  gave 
to  you  and  to  your  fathers,  as  I 
have  done  to  Shiloh.  V.  31 .  And 
they  have  built  the  high  places  of 
Tophfct,  which  is  in  the  valley  gf 

the 


l^he  Larger  Catechifm. 


'^77 

mcntlonino-  or  otherwife  wiiiig  hlstitlcs,  attributes ',  ordinances  ^j 
or  works  1,  by  blafphemy  %  perjury » j  all  finfiil  curlings  %  oatlis  ■', 

vows, 

the  fon  of  Hinnom,  to  burn  their 
foi;s  and  their  daughters  in  tlie 
fire  ;  which  I  commanded  them 
not,  neitliercame  it  into  my  heart. 
Col.  ii.  20.  Wherefore  if  ye  be 
dead  with  Ghrift  from  the  rudi- 
ments of  the  world  ;  why,  a? 
though  living  in  the  world,  are  ye 
fubjecc  to  ordinances,  V.  21. 
(Touch  not,  taile  not,  handle 
not:  V.  22.  Which  all  are  to 
perifh  with  the  uling, )  after  the 
commandments  and  doctrines  of 
men  ? 

'  2  Kings  xviii.  30.  Neither  l^t 
Hezekiah  make  you  trull  in  the 
Lord,  faying,  The  Lord  will  fure- 
ly  deliver  us,  and  this  city  fhall 
not  be  delivered  into  the  hand 
of  the  king  of  Aliyria.  V.  35. 
Who  are  they  among  all  the  gods 
of  the  countries,  that  have  deli- 
vered their  country  out  of  mine 
hand,  thai  the  Lord  flwuld  deli- 
ver Jeruialem  6ut  of  mine  hand  ? 
Exod.  V.  2.  And  Pharaoh  faid, 
-Who  is  the  Lord,  that  1  lliould 
obey  his  voice,  to  let  Ifrael  go  ?  I 
know  not  the  Lord,  neither  will 

I  let  Ifrael  go.  Pfal.  cxxxix.  20. 
for  they  fpeak  againll  thee  wick- 
edly, and  thine  enemies  take  thy 

name  in  vain. 

^  PCal.  1.  16.  But  unto  the  wick- 
ed God  faith,  What  haft  thou  to 

do  to  declare  my  ftatutes,  or  that 

thou  ihouldeft  take  my  covenant 

in  thy  mouth  ?  V.  r  7 .  Seeing  thou 

hatelt  inftruilion,  and  caileii  my 

words  behind  thee. 

'  Ifa.  v.-  12.  And  the  harp  and 

the  viol,  the  tabret  and  pipe,  and 

wine,  are  in  their  fealts:  but  they 

regard  not  the  work  of  the  Lord, 

neither  confider  the  operatioM  of 

his  hands. 


^  2  Kings  xix.  22.  Whom  haft 
thou  reproached  and  blafphemed  f 
and  againft  whom  haft  thou  ex- 
alted thy  voice,  andliftedup  thine 
eyes  on  high  ?  e\'en  againft  the 
holy  One  of  Ifrael.  Lev.  xxiv.  r  r . 
And  the  Ifraelitifh  woman's  fon 
blafphemed  the  name  of  the  Lord, 
and  curled :  and  they  brougiit  liim 
unto  Mcfes. 

"  Zech.  v.  4.  I  will  bring  it 
forth,  faith  the  Lord  of  hofts,  and 
it  Ihall  enter  into  the  honfe  of  the 
thief,  and  into  the  houfe  of  him 
that  fweareth  falfcly  by  my  name  * 
and  it  Oiall  remain  in  the  midlt  of 
his  houfe,  and  fliall  confume  it, 
with  the  t'mber  thereof,  and  the 
ftones thereof.  Zech.viii.  17.  And 
let  none  of  ycu  imagine  evil  iil 
your  hearts  againft  his  neighbour; 
and  love  no  falfe  oath:  for  all 
thcfe  are  things  that  1  hate,  faith 
the  Lord. 

°  I  Sam.  xvii.  43.  And  the  Phi- 
liftine  faid  unto  David,  Am  I  a 
dog,  that  thou  comeft  to  me  with 
ftaves  ?  And  the  Philiftine  curfed 
David  by  his  gods.  2  Sam.  xvi.  5. 
And  when  king  David  came  to 
Bahurim,  behold,  thence  came 
out  a  man  of  the  family  of  the 
houfe  of  Saul,  whofe  name  was 
Shimei,  the  fon  of  Gersr;  he 
came  forth,  and  cuffed  ftill  as  he 
came. 

''  Jer.  v.  7.  Hov.'  fliall  I  psrdoh 
thee  for  this  ?  thy  children  have 
forfaken  me,  and  fworn  by  then'i 
that  are  no  gods :  when  I  had  fed 
them  to  the  full,  they  then  com- 
mitted adultery,  and  alfembled 
themfelves  by  troops  in  the  liar- 
lots'  houfes.  Jer.  xxiii.  10.  Foi- 
the  land  is  full  of  adulterers;  for 
bccaufe  of  fwearijig  the  land 
mournetlii 


278 


7' he  Large?-  Catechifnu 


vows  <!,  and  lots  »•;  violating  of  our  oaths  and  vows,  if 
lawful  •  ;  and  fiiliilling  theni;,  if  of  things  unlawful  *  ; 
murmnring  and  quarrelling  at  \  curious  prying  into  '%  and 

mifapplyijig 


nioumeth;  the  pleafant  places  of 
the  wildernefs  are  dried  up,  and 
their  courfeis  evil,  and  their  force 
is  not  right. 

■i  I>eut.  xxlli.  1 8 .  Thou  fhalt not 
bring  the  hire  of  a  whore,  or  the 
price  of  a  dog,  into  the  houfe  of 
the  Lord  thy  God  for  any  vow  : 
for  even  both  thefe  are  abomina- 
tion unto  the  Lord  thy  God.  A£ls 
xxiii.  12.  And  when  it  was  day, 
certain  of  the  Jews  banded  toge- 
ther, and  bound  themfelves  under 
a  curfe,  faying,  that  they  would 
neither  eat  nor  drink  till  they  had 
killed  Paul.  V.  14-  And  they 
came  to  the  chief  priefts  and  el- 
ders, and  faid,  We  have  bound 
ourfelves  under  a  great  curfe,  that 
we  will  eat  nothing  until  we  have 
Ilain  Paul. 

*■  Efth.  iii.  7.  In  the  firftmonth, 
(that  is,  the  month  Nifan, )  in  the 
twelfth  year  of  king  Ahafuerus, 
they  call:  Pur,  that  is,  the  lot,  be- 
fore Hanian,  from  day  to  day, 
and  from  month  to  month,  to  the 
twelfth  month,  that  is  the  month 
Adar.  Efth.  ix.  24-  Becaufe  Ha- 
inan, the  fon  of  Hamedatha  the 
Agagite,  the  enemy  of  all  the 
Jews,  had  devifedagainil  the  Jews 
to  deftroy  them,  and  hadcaft  Pur, 
(that  is,  the  lot,)  to  confume 
them,  and  to  dettroy  them.  Plai. 
xxii.  18.  They  part  my  garments 
among  them,  and  cafi  lots  upon 
my  vcfture. 

'  Pfal.  xxiv.  4.  He  that  hath 
clean  hands,  and  a  pure  heart  j 
who  hath  not  lifted  up  his  foul  un- 
to vanity,  nor  fworn  deceitfully. 
Ezck.  xvii.  16.  As  I  live,  faith 
the  Lord  God,  furely  in  the  place 


where  the  king  dwelleth  that 
made  him  king,  whofe  oath  he 
defpifed,  and  whofe  covenant  he 
brake,  even  with  him  in  the 
midft  of  Babylon  he  fliall  die. 
V.  18.  Seeing  he  defpifed  the  oath 
by  breaking  the  covenant,  (when, 
lo,  he  had  given  his  hand, )  and 
hath  done  all  thefe  things,  he 
fhall  not  efcape.  V.  19.  There- 
fore thus  faith  the  Lord  God,  As 
I  live,  furely  mine  oath  that  he 
hath  defpifed,  and  my  covenant 
that  he  hath  broken,  even  it  will 
I  recompenfe  upon  his  own  head. 

^  Mark  vi.  26.  And  the  king  was 
exceeding  forry ;  yet  for  his  oath's 
fake,  and  for  their  fakes  which  fat 
with  him,  he  would  not  reject  her. 
I  Sam.  XXV.  22.  So  and  more  alfo 
do  God  unto  the  enemies  of  Da- 
vid, if  I  leave  of  all  that  pertain 
to  him,  by  the  morning  light,  any 
that  pillethagainft  the  wall.  V.32. 
And  David  faid  to  Abigail,  Blefs- 
ed  be  the  Lord  God  of  Ifrael, 
which  fent  thee  this  day  to  meet 
me-:  V.  33.  And  blefled  be  thy 
advice,  and  bleifed  be  thou,  which 
hail  kept  me  this  day  from  coming 
to  filed  blood,  and  from  avenging 
niyfelfwithmineownhand.  V.34. 
For  in  very  deed,  as  the  Lord  God 
of  Ifrael  liveth,  which  hath  kept 
me  back  from  hurting  thee,  ex- 
cept thou  hadfl  hafled  and  come 
to  meet  me,  furely  there  had  not 
been  left  unto  Nabal,  by  the 
morning  light,  any  that  pifleth 
aga'nll:  the  wall. 

'  Rom.  ix.  14.  What  fliall  we 

fay  then  ?  Is  there  unrightcoufnefs 

with  God  ?  God  forbid.     V.  19. 

Thou  wilt  fay  then  unto  me,  Why 

doth 


The  Loiger  Catechiftn,  279 

iiiilapplying  of  God's  decrees  ^  and  providences  y  ;  mifinter- 
preting  %  mifapplying  %  or  any  way  perverting  the  word,  or 
any  part  of  it  S  to  profane  jells  ^,  curious  or  unprofitable 
queltions,  vain  janglings,  or  the  maintaining  of  falle  doc- 
trines : 


doth  he  yet  find  fault  ?  For  who 
hath  refifted  his  will?  V.  20. 
Nay  but,  O  man,  who  art  thou 
that  replied  againft  God?  Shall 
the  thing  formed  fay  to  him  that 
formed  it,  Why  haft  thou  made 
mc  thus  ? 

Deut.  xxix.  29.  The  fecret 
things  belong  unto  the  Lord  our 
God:  but  thof« -things  which  are 
revealed  belong  unto  us,  and  to 
our  children  for  ever,  that  we 
may  do  all  the  words  of  this  law. 

"  Rom.  iii.  5.  But  if  our  un- 
righteoufnefs  commend  the  righ- 
teoufnefs  of  God,  what  (hall  we 
fay  ?  Is  God  unrighteous  who 
taketh  vengeance?  (I  fpeak  as  a 
man.)  V.  7.  For  if  the  truth  of 
God  hath  more  abounded  through 
my  lye  unto  his  glory;  why  yet 
am  I  alfo  judged  as  a  finner  ? 
Rom.  vi.  I.  What  fliall  we  fay 
then?  Shall  we  continue  in  fin, 
that  grace  may  abound  ?  God 
forbid. 

'  Eccl.  viii.  ir.  Becaufe  fen- 
tence  againfl  an  evil  work  is  not 
executed  fpeedily,  therefore  the 
heart  of  the  fons  of  men  is  fully 
fet  in  them  to  do  evil.  Eccl.ix.3. 
This  is  an  evil  among  all  things 
that  are  dene  under  the  fun,  that 
there  is  one  event  unto  all :  yea, 
alfo  the  heart  of  the  fons  of  men 
is  full  of  evil,  and  madnefs  is  in 
their  heart  while  they  live,  and 
after  that  they  go  to  the  dead. 
Pfal.  xxxix  throughout.  I  faid, 
I  will  take  heed  to  my  ways, 
that  I  fin  not  with  my  tongue:— 

^  Mat.  V.  21.  to  tftt*  end,  [^Sec 
Oiieft,  99.  kuer°.'\ 


^  Ezekxlii.  22.  Becaufe  with 
lyes  ye  have  made  the  heart  ofthe 
righteous  fad,  whom  I  have  not 
made  fad  j  and  ftrengthened  the 
hands  of  the  wicked,  that  he 
ftiould  not  return  from  his  wicked 
way,  by  promifmg  him  life. 

''  2  Pet.  iii.  16.  As  alfo  in  all 
his  epiiUes,  fpcaking  in  them  of 
thefe  things;  in  which  are  fome 
things  hard  to  be  underftood, 
which  they  that  are  unlearned 
and  unftable  wreft,  as  they  do 
alfo  the  other  fcriptures,  unto 
their  own  deftru£tion.  Mat.  xxii. 
24'  toVerfeii.  Saying,  Mafter, 
Mofes  faid.  If  a  man  die,  having 
no  children,  his  brother  fhall  mar- 
ry his  wife,  and  raife  up  feed  un- 
to his  brother.  V.  25.  Now  there 
were  with  usfeven  brethren;  and 
thefirft— V.  28.  Therefore  in  the 
refurreflion  whofe  v»'ife  fftall  fiie 
be  of  the  feven  ?  for  they  all  had 
her.  V.  29.  Jefus  anfwered,  and 
faid  unto  them,  Ye  do  err,  not 
knowing  the  fcriptures,  nor  the 
power  of  God.  V.  30.  For  in  the 
refurreclion — 

"  Ifa.  xxii.  13.  And  behold,  joy 
and  gladnefs,  flaying  oxen  and 
killing  flieep,  eating  flefh  and 
di-inking  wine  ;  let  us  eat  and 
drink,  for  to-morrow  we  fliall 
die.  Jcr.  xxiii.  34.  And  as  for 
the  prophet,  and  the  prieft,  and 
the  people,  that  fliall  fay,  The 
burden  ofthe  Lord,  I  will  even 
punifli  that  man  and  his  houfe. 
V.36.  And  the  burden  of  the  Lord 
fliall  ye  mention  no  more :  for  every 
man's  word  (hall  be  his  burden  ; 
for  ye  have  perverted  the  words 

of 


The  Larger  Catechifnu 

abiifing Jtj  the  creatures,  or  any  thing  contained  un  - 
to  charms  %  or  linful  hills  and  pradlices  '" ; 

the 


ci8o 

irjnes  ^ 

der  the  name  of"  Go 


of  the  livnig  God,  of  the  Lord  of 
hofts  our  God.  V.  38.  But  fmce 
ye  fay,  The  burden  of  the  Lord; 
therefore  thus  faith  the  Lord, 
Becaufe  ye  fiiy  tliis  word,  The 
burden  of  the  Lord,  and  I  have 
fent  unto  you,  faying,  Ye  fhall 
not  fay,  The  burden  of  the  Lord. 
''  r  Tim.  i.  4.  Neither  give  heed 
to  fabl'js  and  endlels  genealogies, 
which  minlder  qneilions,  rather 
than  godly  edifying  which  is  in 
faith:  fo  do.  V.  6.  From  which 
{faith)  fome having fwerved,  have 
turned  afide  unto  vain  jangling  ; 
V.  7.  Defu-ing  to  be  teachers  of 
the  law;  underftanding  neither 
what  tliey  fay,  nor  whereof  they 
affirm,  h  'i'im.  vi.  4.  He  is  proud, 
knowing  nothing,  but  doting  a- 
boutquelfions  and  ftrifes  of  words, 
wiiereof  conieth  envy,  ftrife,  rail- 
ing:-, evil  furmifmgs,  V.  5.  Per- 
veife  difputings  of  men  of  cor- 
rupt minds,  and  dellitute  of  the 
truth,  fuppoliug  that  gain  is  god- 
linefs:  from  fuch  withdraw  thy- 
felf  V.  20.  O  Timothy,  keep 
that  which  is  cominitted  to  thy 
trult,  avoiding  profane  and  vain 
babblings,  and  oppofitions  of 
fcicjice  falfely  fo  called,  2  Tim. 
ii,  14.  Of  thefe  things  put  them 
in  remembrance,  charging  them 
before  the  Lord  that  they  Ih'ive 
not  about  words  to  no  profit,  but 
to  the  fubverting  of  the  hearers. 
Tit.  iii.  9.  But  avoid  foolifli  que- 
stions, and  genealogies,  and  con- 
tentious and  llrivings  about  the 
law;  for  they  are  unprofitable 
and  vain. 

'^  Deut.  xviii.  10,  —  M*  There 
fliall  not  be  found  among  you  any 
one  ihiit  iiiuketh  his  Iba  or  his 


daughter  to  pafs  through  the  fire, 
or  that  ufeth  divination,  or  an 
obferver  of  times,  or  an  en- 
chanter, or  a  witch,  \  .  i  i .  Or  a 
charmer,  or  a  confulter  with  I'a- 
miliar  fpirits,  or  a  wizard,  or  a 
necromancer.  V.  12.  For  all  that 
do  thefe  things  are,  an  abomi- 
nation unto  the  Lord,  'sc.  AcH 
xix.  1 3.  Then  certain  of  the  vaga- 
T^ond  Jews,  exorcills,  tooic  upon 
them  to  call  over  them  which 
had  evil  fpirits  the  name  of  the 
Lord  Jefus,  faying, We  adjure  you 
by  Jefus  whom  Paul  preacheth. 

f  2  Tim.  iv.  3.  For  the  time 
will  come  when  they  will  not  en- 
dure found  doclrine  ;  but  after 
their  own  hilis  iliail  they  heap  to 
themfeh^es  teachers,  having  itch- 
ing ear*.  V.  4.  hwd  they  fiiall 
turn  away  their  ears  from  the 
truth,  and  ftiail  be-  turned  unto 
fables.  RoBi.  xiil.  13.  Let  us 
walk  honeftly  as  in  the  day  ;  not 
in  rioting  and  drmikenncfs,  not 
in  chambering  and  wantonnefs, 
not  in  ftrife  and  envying:  .  V.  14. 
But  put  ye  on  the  Lord  jefus 
Chrilt,  and  make  not  provihon  for 
the  flehi,  to  fulfil  the  lulls  thereot". 
I  Kings  xxi.  9.  And  Ihe  wrote  in 
the  letters,  faying^  Proclaim  a 
faft,  and  fet  Naboth  on  Ifigh 
among  tlie  people:  V.  10.  And 
fet  two  men,  fons  of  Belial,  be-' 
fore  him,  to  bear  witnefs  againit 
him,  faying,  Thou  didft  bl^f- 
pheme  God  and  the  king  :  and 
.then  carry  him  out,  and  ftone 
him  that  he  rnay  die.  Jude, 
Ver,  4.  For  there  arc  certain 
men  crept  in  unawares,  v/ho  were 
before  of  old  ordained  to  this  con- 
demnation, ungodly  men,   turn- 

hig 


l^he  Larger  Catechlfin, 


281 


the  maligninj^  p,  fcorning  •», 
fing  of  GocPs  truth,   grace, 
fion  of  rehgion  in  hypocrify, 

iiigthe  grace  of  our  God  into  laf- 
civioufnefs,  and  den/ing  the  only 
Lord  God,  and  our  Lord  Jefus 
Chrift. 

s  AiSls  xiii.  45.  But  when  the 
Jews  faw  the  multitudes  they 
were  filled  with  envy,  and  fpake 
againrt  thofe  things  which  were 
fpoken  by  Paul,  contradicling  and 
blafpheming.  i  John  iii.  12.  Not 
as  Cain,  who  was  of  that  wicked 
ojie,  and  (lew  his  brother  :  and 
wherefore  flew  be  him?  Becaufe 
his  own  works  were  evil,  and 
his  brother's  righteous.  -  ^  it  ^i.  i 

^'  X^fal.  i.  I .  Bleifed  is  the  man 
that  walketh  not  in  the  counfel 
of  the  ungodly,  nor  ftandeth  in 
the  way  pi  fmuer::,  nor  fitteth  in 
the  feat  of  the  fcocnful.  2  Pet. 
iii.  5.  Knowing  this  fiitl,  that  there 
(liali  come  in  the  lall:  days  fcof- 
fers,  walking  after  their  own  lulls. 

'  r  P'dt.  iy.r4."  Wherein^they 
think  it  ilrange  that  ye  run  not 
with  them  to  the  fame  excels  of 
riot,  rpeakinge\'il  of  you.>  •  ' 
•i.ilj  Acts  xiii.  45.  But  when  the 
J^ws  faw  the  multitudes  they 
were  filled  with  envy,  and  fpake 
againlt  thofe  things  which  were 
fpolceii  by  Paul,  contradifting 
and  blaipheming.  •  V.  46.  Then 
Paul  and  Barnabas  w^ixed  bold, 
and  faidvlt  was  neceflary  that  the 
word  ef.God  fnould  firtthave  been 
fpoken  to  you  :  but  feeing  ye  put 
it  from  you,  and  judge  yourfelvcs 
^vnworthy  of .  e\  erlafting  life,  lo, 
we  turn  to  the  Gentiles.  V.  50. 
But  the  jews  flirrcd  up  the  de- 
vout and  honourable  women,  and 
the  chief  men  of  the  city,  and 
ra'ifed    perfetution  againlt  Paul 


reviling  «,  or  any  wife  oppo- 

and  ways  ^  ;   making  profef- 

or  for  finifler  ends  ^  ;    being 

alliamcd 

and  Barnabas,  and  expelled  them 
out  of  their  coafts.  A£ls  iv.  18. 
And  they  called  them,  and  com- 
manded them  not  to  fpeak  at  all 
nor  teach  in  the  name  of  Jefus, 
A£ts  xix.  9.  But  when  divers  were 
hardened,  and  believed  not,  but 
fpake  evil  of  that  way  before  the 
multitude,  he  departed  from 
them,  and  feparated  the  difciples, 
difputing  daily  in  the  fchool  of 
one  Tyrannus.  1  TheC  ii.  16. 
Forbidding  us  to  fpeak  to  the  Gen- 
tiles, that  they  might  be  faved, 
t<$fill  up  tlieir  llns  alway  :  for  the 
wrath  is  come  upon  them  to  the 
uttermoft.  Heb.  x.  29.  Of  how 
much  forer  punifhment,  fuppofe 
ye,  ihall  he  be  thought  worthy, 
who  hath  trodden  under  foot  the 
Son'- of  God,  and  hath  counted 
the  l)lood  of  the  covenant  where- 
M'ith  he  was  fanftified  an  unholy 
thing,  and  hath  done  defpite  unto 
the  Spirit  of  grace? 

•  2.  Tim.  iii.  5.  Having  a  form 
of  godiiiiefs,  but  denying  the 
power  thereof;  from  fuch  turn 
away.  i*Iat.  xxiii.  14.  Woe  unto 
you',  fcribes  and  Pharifees,  hypo- 
crites! for  ye  devour  widows* 
houfes,  and  for  a  pretence  make 
long  prayer  :  therefore  ye  Ihall 
receive  the  greater  damnation. 
IVIat.,  vi.  I.  Take  heed  that  ye  do 
not  your  alms  before  men,  to  be 
feeu  of  them  ;  otherwife  ye  iiave 
no  reward  of  your  Father  which 
is  in  heaven.  V.  2.  'I'herefore, 
when  thou  doeft  thine.  alu'S,  do 
not  found  a  trumpet  before  thee, 
as  the  hypocrites  do  in  the  fyna- 
gogues,  and  in  the  lireets,  tJiat 
they  may  have  glory  of  men. 
Verily 


5l82 


The'LiV'ger  Catechifm, 


afliamed  of  it  ^-j  or  a  fliame  to  it,  by  unconformable  »,  un- 
%vife  «>,  unfruitful  i^,  and  oflenfive  walking  <?,  or  backfliding 
from  it  ^ 

Q^  1 1 4.  JVhat  reafons  are  annexed  to  the  third  command- 
mentP 

A,  The  reafons  annexed  to  the  third  commandment,  in 
thefe  words,  \T^he  Lord  thy  Godi]  and,  \For  the  Lord  will  ?20t 

hold 

Verily  I  fay  unto  you,  They  have 
their  reward.  V.  5.  And  when 
thou  prayeft,  thou  flialt  not  be 
as  the  hypocrites  are ;  for  they 
love  to  pray  {landing  in  the  fyna- 
gogues,  and  in  the  corners  of  the 
ftreets,  that  they  may  be  (ecw  of 
men.  Verily  I  fay  unto  you,  They 
have  their  reward.  V.  x6.  More- 
over, when  ye  faft,  be  not,  as  the 
hypocrites,  of  a  fad  countenance: 
far  they  disfigure  their  faces,  that 
they  may  appear  unto  men  to  faft. 
Verily  I  fay  unto  you,  They  have 
their  reward. 

"•  Mark  viii.  38.  Whofoever, 
therefore,  (hall  beafhamed  of  me, 
and  of  my  words,  in  this  adulte- 
rous and  finful  generation,  of  him 
alfo  ftiall  the  Son  of  man  be  aflia- 
med, when  he  cometh  in  the  glory 
of  his  Father  with  the  holy  angels. 

»  Pfal.  Ixxiii.  14.  For  all  the 
day  long  have  I  been  plagued, 
and  chaftened  every  morning. 
V.  15.  If  I  fay,  I  will  fpeak  thus: 
behold,  I  Ihould  offend  againiUhe 
generation  of  thy  children. 

"  I  Cor.  vi.  5.  I  fpeak  to  your 
fhame.  Is  it  ^o  that  there  is  not 
a  wife  man  amongft  you  ?  no  not 
one  that  fhall  be  able  to  judge 
between  his  brethren?  V.  6,  But 
brother  goeth  to  law  with  bro- 
ther, and  that  before  the  unbe- 
lievers. Eph.  V.  15.  See  thcnthat 
yewalkcircumfpeftly,notasfools, 
but  as  wife,  V.  16.  Redeeming 
the  time,  becaufe  the  days  arc  evil. 


V.J 7.  Wherefore  be  ye  not  un- 
wife,  but  underftanding  what  the 
will  of  the  Lord  is. 

P  Ifa.  V.  4.  What  could  have 
been  done  more  to  my  vineyard, 
that  I  have  not  done  in  it  ?  where- 
fore, when  I  looked  that  it  iliould 
bring  forth  grapes,  brought  it 
forth  wild  grapes  ?  2  Pet.  i.  8, 
For  if  thefe  things  be  in  you,  and 
abound,  they  make  you  that  ye 
Ihall  neither  be  barren  nor  un- 
fruitful in  the  knowledge  of  our 
Lord  Jefus  Ghrift.  V.  9.  But  he 
that  lacketh  thefe  things  is  blind, 
and  cannot  fee  far  off,  and  hath 
forgotten  that  he  was  purged  from 
his  old  fins. 

*>  Rom.  ii.  23.  Thou  that  ma- 
keft  thy  boaft  of  the  law,  through 
breaking  the  law  difhonoureft 
thou  God  ?  V.  24.  For  the  name 
of  God  is  blafphemed  among  the 
Gentiles  through  you,  as  it  is 
written. 

'  Gal.  iii.  r.  O  foolifh  Gala- 
tians!  who  hath  bewitched  you, 
chat  yefhoukl  not  obey  the  truth, 
before  whofe  eyes  Jefus  Chriit 
hath  been  evidently  fet  forth,  cru- 
cified among  you?  V.  3.  Are  ye 
fo  foolilh  ?  having  begun  in  the 
Spirit,  are  ye  now  made  perfect 
by  the  flefh?  Heb.  vi.  6.  If  they 
fhall  fall  away,  to  renew  them 
again  unto  repentance:  feeing 
they  crucify  to  themfelves  the  Son 
of  God  afrefli,  and  put  him  to  an 
open  fhame. 

114.  *Exod. 


7be  Larger  Catechifm, 


283 


hold  him  guiltlefs  that  taketh  his  name  in  "dain  ',]  are,  becauf* 
he  is  the  Lord  and  our  God,  therefore  his  name  is  not  to  be 
profaned,  or  any  way  abufed  by  us  ^  ;  efpecially  becaufe  he 
will  be  fo  far  from  acquitting  and  fparing  the  tranfgreflbrs  of 
this  commandment,  as  that  he  will  not  fuffcr  them  to  efcape 
his  righteous  judginent  %  albeit  many  fuch  efcape  the  ccn- 
fures  and  punilhments  of  men  ^, 

Q^  1 15.  Which  is  the  fourth  co?nrmndment  P 

A  The  fourth  commandment  is,  Remember  the  fabbath-day^ 
to  keep  it  holy^   Six  days  fl?alt  thou  labour ^  and  do  all  thy  work,' 

but 


114.  '  Exod.  XX.  7. 

*  Lev.  xix.  12.  And  ye  fhall 
not  fvvear  by  my  name  falfely, 
neither  ftialt  thoii  profane  the 
name  of  thy  God:  I  am  the  Lord. 

*  Ezek.  xxxvi.  21.  But  I  had 
pity  for  mine  holy  name,  which 
the  houfe  of  Ifrael  had  profaned 
among  the  Heathen,  whither  they 
went.  V.  22.  Therefore  fay  unto 
the  houfe  of  Ifrael,  Thus  faith 
the  Lord  God,  I  do  not  this  for 
your  fakes,  O  houfe  of  Ifrael,  but 
for  mine  holy  name's  fake,  which 
ye  have  profaned  among  the  Hea- 
then, whither  ye  went.  V.  23. 
And  I  will  fanftify  my  great  name, 
which  was  profaned  among  the 
Heathen,  which  ye  have  profaned 
in  the  midll  of  them ;  and  the 
Heathen  (hall  know  that  I  am  the 
Lord,  faith  the  Lord  God,  when 
I  (hall  be  fanftified  in  you  before 
their  eyes.  Deut.  xxviii.  58.  If 
thou  wilt  not  obferve  to  do  all 
the  words  of  this  law  that  are 
written  in  this  book,  that  thou 
may  eft  fear  this  glorious  and  fear- 
ful name,  THE  LORD  THY 
GOD  J  V.  59.  Then  the  Lord 
will  make  thy  plagues  wonderful, 
and  the  plagues  of  thy  feed,  even 
great  plagues,  and  of  long  conti- 
nuance, and  fore  ficknelfes,  and 
of  long  continuance.  Zech.v.2. 
And  he  fnid  unto  me,  What  fceft 


thou?  And  I  anfwered,  I  fee  a  flying 
roll;  the  length  thereof  is  twenty 
cubits,  and  the  breadth  thereof 
ten  cubits.  V.  3.  Then  faid  he 
unto  me.  This  is  the  curfe  that 
goeth  forth  over  the  face  of  the 
whole  earth:  for  every  one  that 
ftealeth  (hall  be  cut  off  as  on  this 
fide  according  to  it ;  and  every 
one  that  fvveareth  (hall  be  cut 
off  as  on  that  fide  according  to 
it.  V.  4.  I  will  bring  it  forth, 
faith  the  Lord  of  hofts,  and  it 
(hall  enter  into  the  houfe  of 
the  thief,  and  into  the  houfe  of 
him  that  fweareth  falfely  by  my 
name : — 

"^  I  Sam.  ii.  12.  Nowthefonsof 
Eli  were  fons  of  Belial,  they  knew 
not  the  Lord.  V.  17.  Wherefore 
the  (in  of  the  young  men  was  very 
great  before  the  Lord  :  for  men 
abhorred  the  offering  of  the  Lord. 
V.  22.  Now  Eli  was  very  old,  and 
heard  all  that  his  fons  did  unto 
all  Ifrael,  and  how  they  lay  with 
the  women  that  aflembled  at  the 
door  of  the  tabernacle  of  the  con- 
gregation. V.  24.  Nay,  my  fons: 
for  it  is  no  good  report  that  I 
hear  j  ye  make  the  Lord's  people 
to  tranfgrefs.  Compared  with 
I  Sam.  iii.  13.  For  I  have  told  him 
that  I  will  judge  his  houfe  for 
ever,  for  the  iniquity  which  he 
knoweth  :  becaufe  his  fons  made 
themfelves 


284  The  Larger  Catechifm, 

hut  the  feventh  day  is  the  fahbath  of  the  Lord  thy  God:  in  it 
thoujlmlt  not  do  a72y  work,  tho?i,  nor  thy  f on,  nor  thy  daughter, 
thy  man-few  ant,  nor  thy  mduUftrvant,  nor  thy  cattle,  nor  thy 
fir  anger  that  is  within  thy  gates.  For  infix  days  the  Lord  made 
heaven  and  earth,  the  fea,  and  all  that  in  them  f/,  and  refled 
the  feventh  day.-  wherefore  the  Lord  bleffed  the  fihbath-day,  and 
hallovjed  it  ^. 

Q^  1 16.  What  is  required  in  the  fourth  commandment  ? 

A.  The  fourth  comniaiidment  requireth  of  all  men  the 
£in6tifyiiig  or  keeping  holy  to  God  fiich  fet  times  as-  he  hath 
appointed  in  his  word,  exprefsly  one  whole  day  in  fcven; 
vhicli  was  the  feventh  from  the  beginning-  of  the  v/orld  to 
the  refiirrc6lion  of  Ghrifl:,  and  the  firft  day  of  the  week  evev 
fince,  and  fo  to  continue  to  the  end  of  the  world;  whicli  is  th^ 
Chridian  iabbath/,and  in  the  new  tcllament  calledT/;^Z,orJ'r 


day  2 

themfelves  vile,  and  he  reftraincd 
them  not. 

I.I 5.  ^  Exod.  XX.  8,^ ir. 

116.  ^  Deut,  V.  12-  Keep  the 
fahbath -day  to  fanctify  it,  as  the 
Lord  thy  God  liath  commanded 
xh^e.  V.I 3.  Sixdaysfhaltthou la- 
bour, and  do  all  thy  work  :  V.  14, 
But  the  fvfvenL-h  day  ivS  the  Tdbbath 
of  Lhe  Lord  thy  God  :  in  it  thoa 
fhalt  not  do  any  work,  thou^  nor 
thy  Ton,  nor  tiJiy  daughter,  nor  thy 
inan-fervant,  nor  thy  niard-rer- 
vant,  nor  thine  ox,  nor  thine  afs, 
nor  any  of  thy  cattle,  nor  the 
Ih-anger  that  is  within  thy  gates ; 
that  thy  man-fervant,  and  thy 
maid-fervant,  may  reft  as  well  as 
thou.  Gen,  ii.  2.  And  on  the  fe- 
venth day  God  ended  hi?  work 
•which  he  had  nnde  :  and  herefted 
on  the  feventh  diiy  from  all  his 
work  which  he  hsid  made.  V.  3. 
And  God  blelieilthe  feventh  day, 
and  fanctifted  it:  becaufe  that  in 
it  he  had  reifced  from  all  his  work 
which  God  created  and  mnde. 
1  Gor.  xvi.  I.  Now  concerning 
the  tolletlioii  for  the  fuints,  as  i 


have  given  order  to  the  churches 
of  Galatia,  even  fo  do  ye.  V.  'i'\ 
Upon  the  firft  day  of  the  week 
let  every  one  of  you  lay  by  him  in 
ftore,  as  God  hath  profpered  him* 
that  there  be  no  gatherings  when 
r  come.  Afts  xx.  7-  And  upon  the 
firft  day  of  the  week,  w^hen  the 
difciples  came  together  to  break 
bread,  Paul  preached  unto  thc'in, 
ready  to  depart  on  the  morrow, 
and  continued  his  fpeecii  until 
midnight.  Mat.  v.  i  -.  Think  not 
that  I  am  come  to  deftroy  the  law 
or  the  prophets  :  I  am  not  come 
to  deftroy,  but  to  fulfil.  V.  18. 
For  verily  1  ftiy  unto  you.  Till 
heaven  and  earth  pafi-,  one  jot  or 
one  tittle  fliall  in  no  wife  pafs 
from  the  lasv,  till  all  be  fulfilled. 
Ifa.  Ivi.  2.  Bielled  is  the  man  that 
doeth  rliis^  and  t]\e  fon  of  mm 
that  layeth  hold  on  it-:  that  keep* 
eth  the  fabbath  from  polluting  it, 
and  keepeth  his  hand  from  doing 
any  evil.  V.  4.  For  thus  laitli  the 
Lordv  unto  the  eunuchs  tliat  keep 
my  fabbaths,  and  chufe  the  things 
that  plcale  me,  and  take  hold  of 

my 


The  Larger  Catechifm, 


'-85 


Q^  1 1 7.  Hovj  is  the  fahhatb  or  the  Lord's  {lay  to  hefan^ified  ? 
.  A,  The  fabbath  or  Lord's  day  is  to  be  fandified  by  an  holy 
refting  all  the  day%  not  only  from  fiich  works  as  are  at  all 
times  finful,  but  even  from  fuch  worldly  employments  and 
recreations  as  are  on  other  days  lawful'' ;  and  making  it  our 

delight 


my  covenant.  V.  6.  Alfo  the  Tons 
of  the  ftranger,  that  join  them- 
felves  to  the  Lord,  to  ierve  him, 
and  to  love  the  name  of  the  Lord, 
to  be  his  fervants,  every  one  that 
keepeth  the  fabbath  from  pollu- 
tmg  it,  and  taketh  holdof  my  cove- 
nant: V.  7.  Even  them  will  I  bring 
to  my  holy  mountain,  and  make 
them  joyful  in  my  hoiife  of  prayer: 
tlieir  burnt-offerings  and  their  fa- 
critices  fhall  be  accepted  upon 
mine  altar  J  for  mine  houfe  Ihall 
be  called  an  houfe  of  prayer  for 
all  people. 

'  Rev.  i.  10.  I  was  in  the  fpirit 
on  the  Lord''s  day,  and  heard  be- 
hind me  a  great  voice,  as  of  a 
trumpet. 

117-  "  Exod.  XX.  8.  Remember 
t-he fabbath- day,  to  keep  it  holy.— 
V.  10.  But  the  feventh  day  is  the 
fabbath  of  the  Lord  thy  God  :  in 
It  thou  fhalt  not  do  any  work, 
thou,  nor  thy  fon,  ^c. 
■  ^  Exod.  xvi.  25.  And  Mofesfaid, 
Eat  that  to-day ;  for  to-day  is  a 
fabbath  unto  the  Lord:  to-day 
ye  ftiall  not  find  it  in  the  field. 
V.  26.  Six  days  ye  (hall  gather  it ; 
but  on  the  feventh  day,  which  is 
the  fabbath,  in  it  there  fhall  be 
uone.  V.27.  Anditcaraetopafs, 
that  there  went  out  fome  of  the 
people  on  the  feventh  day  for  to 
gather,  and  they  found  none. 
V.  28.  And  the  Lord  faid  unto 
Mofcs,  How  long  refufe  y-e  to  keep 
uiy  commandments  and  my  laws  ? 
Neh.  xiii.  15,  In  thofe  daysfaw  I 
in  [udah  fome  treading  wine- 
prelles  on  the  fabbath,  and  bring- 


ing In  (heaves,  and  lading  affes; 
as  alfo  wine,  grapes,  and  figs,  and 
all  manner  of  burdens,  which  they 
brought  into  Jerufalem  on  the 
fabbath-day :  and  I  teftified  againft 
them  in  the  day  wherein  they  fold 
viftuals.  V.I  6.'Theredweltmenof 
Tyre  alfo  therein,  which  brought 
fifli,  and  all  manner  of  ware,  and 
fold  on  the  fubbath  unto  the  chil- 
dren of  Judali,  and  in  Jerufalem. 
V.  1 7 ,  Then  I  contended  with  the 
nobles  of  Judah,  and  faid  unto 
them,  What  evil  tiling  is  this  that 
ye  do,  and  profane  the  fibbath- 
day?  V.  18.  Did  not  your  fa- 
thers thus,  and  did  not  our  God 
bring  all  this  evil  uj)on  us,  and 
upon  this  city  ?  yet  ye  bring  more 
wrath  upon  Ifrael  by  profaning 
the  fabbath.  V.  19.  And  it  came 
to  pafs,  that,  when  the  gates  of  Je- 
rufalem began  to  be  dark  before 
the  fabbath,  I  commanded  that 
the  gates  fliould  be  fluit,  and  char- 
ged that  they  fliould  not  be  opened 
till  after  the  fabbcth :  and  fome 
of  n:y  fervants  fet  I  at  the  gate?, 
that  there  fliould  no  burden  be 
brought  in  on  the  fabbath-dav. 
V.  20.  So  the  merchanti,  and  fell- 
ers of  all  kind  of  ware,  lodged 
without  Jerufalem  once  or  twice. 
y.2i.  Then  I  teflified  againil 
tliem,  and  faid  unto  them.  Why 
lodge  ye  about  the  wall  ?  If  ye  do 
fo  again,  I  will  lay  hands  on  you. 
From  that  time  forth  came  they 
no 'more  on  the  fabbath.  V.  22. 
And  I  commanded  the  Levifes, 
that  they  fliould  cleanfe  'them- 
felves,  and  that  they  Ilicuid  cc^ie 

and 


286 


The  Larger  Catechifnu 


delight  to  fpend  the  whole  time  (except  (o  much  of  it  as  is  to 

be  taken  up  in  works  of  neceifity  and  mercy ' )  in  the  publick 

and  private  exercifes  of  God's  worfhip  ^ :  and,  to  that  end,  we 

are  to  prepare  our  hearts,  and  with  fuch  forefight,  diligence, 

and  moderation,  to  difpofe  and  feafonably  difpatch  our  worldly 

bufinefs,  that  we  may  be  the  more  free  and  fit  for  the  duties 

of  that  day  <^.  ~  r\       o  rm 

^  Q^  1 1 8.  Why 


and  keep  the  gates,  to  fanflify  the 
fabbath-day.  Remember  me,  O 
my  God,  concerning  this  alfo,  and 
ipare  me  according  to  the  great- 
nefs  of  thy  mercy.  Jer.  xvii.  2 1 . 
Thus  faith  the  Lord,  Take  heed 
to  yourfelves,  and  bear  no  burden 
on  the  fabbath-day,  nor  bring  it 
in  by  the  gates  of  Jerufalem. 
V.  22.  Neither  carry  forth  a  bur- 
den out  of  your  houfe  on  the  fab- 
bath-day, neither  do  ye  any  work, 
but  hallow  ye  the  fabbath-day,  as 
I  commanded  your  fathers. 

^  Mat.  yiVL.  frotnVerfe  r.  to  13. 
At  that  time  Jefus  \vent  on  the 
fabbath-day  through  the  corn,  and 
his  difciples  were  an  hungered, 
and  began  to  pluck  the  ears  of 
corn,  and  to  eat.  V.  2 .  But  when 
the  Pharifees  faw  it,  ^c. 

^  Ifa.  Iviii.  13.  If  thou  turn  a- 
way  thy  foot  from  the  fabbath, 
from  doing  thy  pleafin-e  on  my 
holy  day,  and  caU  the  fabbath  a 
delight,  the  holy  of  the  Lord,  ho- 
nourable, and  ilialt  honour  him, 
not  doing  thine  own  ways,  nor 
linding  thine  own  pleafure,  nor 
fpeaking  thine  own  words.  Luke 
iv.  r6.  And  became  to  Nazareth, 
where  he  had  been  brought  up  ; 
and,  as  his  cuftom  was,  he  went 
into  the  fynagogue  on  the  fabbath- 
day,  and  flood  up  for  to  read. 
Afts  XX.  7.  And  upon  the  tirft  day 
of  the  week,  when  the  difciples 
came  together  to  break  bread, 
Paul  preached  unto  them,  ready 
to  depart  on  the  morrow,    i  GorV 


xvi.  T.  Now,  concerning  the  col- 
leftion  for  the  faints,  as  I  have 
given  order  to  the  churches  of 
Galatia,  even  fo  do  ye.  V.  2. 
Upon  the  firfl  day  of  the  week 
let  every  one  of  you  lay  by  him  in 
ftore,  as  God  hath  prospered  him, 
that  there  be  no  gatherings  when 
I  come.  Pfal.  xcii.  [title ^  Apfahn 
orfongfor  the  fabbath-day.']  Ifa. 
Ixvi.  2  3.  And  it  fhall  come  to  pafs, 
that  from  one  new  moon  to  an- 
other, and  from  one  fabbath  to 
another,  fliall  all  flefti  come  to 
worfhip  before  me,  faith  the  Lord, 
Lev.  xxiii.  3.  Six  days  fliall  work 
be  done,  but  the  feventh  day  is 
the  fabbath  of  reft,  an  holy  con- 
vocation; ye  (hall  do  no  work 
therein  :  it  is  the  fabbath  of  the 
Lord  in  all  your  dwellings. 

*  Exod.  XX.  8.  Remember  the 
fabbath-day,  to  keep  it  holy. 
Luke  xxiii.  54.  And  that  day  was 
the  preparation,  and  the  fabbath 
drew  on.  V.  56.  And  they  re- 
turned, and  prepared  fpices  and 
ointments;  and  refled  the  fab- 
bath-day, according  to  the  com- 
mandment. Exod.  xvi.  22.  And 
it  came  to  pafs,  that  on  the  fixth 
day  they  gathered  twice  as  much 
bread,  t\\  o  omers  for  one  man  : 
and  all  the  rulers  of  the  congrega- 
tion came  and  told  Mofes.  V.  25. 
And  Mofes  faid.  Eat  that  to-day ; 
for  to-day  is  a  fabbath  unto  the 
Lord  :  to-day  ye  fhall  not  find  it 
in  the  field.  V.  26.  Six  days  ye 
fliall  ^athel-  it  rbut  on  the  feventh 
day, 


l^he  Larger  Catechlftn, 


2S7 


Q^  1 18.  Why  is  the  charge  of  keeping  thefahhath  fmre  Jpecialfy 
direded  to  governors  of  families j  and  other  fuperiors  ? 

A.  The  charge  of  keeping  the  fabbath  is  more  Ipecially  di- 
re6led  to  governors  of  families,  and  other  fuperiors,  becaufc 
they  are  bound  not  only  to  keep  it  themfelves,  but  to  fee  that 
it  be  obferved  by  all  thofe  that  are  under  their  charge ;  and 
bccaufe  they  are  prone  oft-times  to  hinder  them  by  employ- 
ments of  their  own  ^ 

Q^  1 19.  What  are  the  fins  forbidden  in  the  fow'th  commatid" 
rnent  P 

J.  The  fins  forbidden  in  the  fourth  commandment  are,  all 
omiffions  of  the  duties  required  <?,  all  carelels,  negHgent,  and 
unprofitable  performing  of  them,  and  being  weary  of  them  ^ ; 

all 


day,  which  is  the  fabbath,  in  it 
there  (hall  be  none.  V.  29.  See, 
for  that  the  Lord  hath  given  you 
the  fabbath,  therefore  he  giveth 
you  on  the  fixth  day  the  bread  of 
two  days :  abide  ye  every  man  in 
his  place,  let  no  man  go  out  of 
hisplaceonthefeventhday.  Neh. 
jiiii.  19.  [^See  letter  *>.] 

118.  «■  Exod.  XX.  10.  But  the 
feventh  day  is  tne  fabbath  of  the 
Lord  thy  God  :  in  it  thou  flialt  not 
do  any  work,  thou,  nor  thy  fon, 
nor  thy  daughter,  thy  man-fer- 
vant,  nor  thy  maid-fervant,  nor 
thy  cattle,  nor  thy  ftraiiger  that 
is  within  thy  gates.  Jofh.  xxiv.  15. 
And  if  it  feem  evil  unto  you  to 
ferve  the  Lord,  chufe  you  this  day 
whom  ye  will  ferve ;  whether  the 
gods  which  your  fathers  ferved 
that  were  on  the  other  fide  of  the 
flood,  or  the  gods  of  the  Amorites, 
in  whofe  land  ye  dwell :  but  as  for 
me  and  my  houfe,  we  will  ferve 
the  Lord.  Neh.  xiii.  15,  17.  \^See 
above  in  ^.']  Jer.  xvii.  20.  And  fay 
unto  them,  Hear  ye  the  word  of  the 
Lord,  ye  kings  of  Judah,  and  all 
Judah,  and  all  the  inhabitants  of 
Jerufalem,  that  enter  in  by  thefe 
gates.   \  ,21-)  22.  [^See  abo'-je in '^.'] 


Exod.  xxiii.  12.  Six  days  thou 
fhalt  do  thy  work,  and  on 
the  feventh  day  thou  fl\alt  reft: 
that  thine  ox  and  thine  afs  may 
reft,  and  the  fon  of  thy  hand- 
maid and  the  ftranger  may  be  re- 
freflied. 

1r9.sEzek.xxii.26.  Herpriefts 
have  violated  my  law,  and  have 
profaned  mine  holy  things:  they 
have  put  no  difference  between 
the  holy  and  profane,  neither  have 
they  (hewed  difference  between 
the  unclean  and  the  clean,  and 
have  hid  their  eyes  from  my  fab- 
baths,  and  I  am  profaned  among 
them. 

^'  A  1.^5  XX.  7.  And  upon  the  fir  ft 
day  of  the  week,  when  the  difciples 
came  together  to  break  bread, 
Paul  preached  unto  them,  ready 
to  depart  on  the  morrow,  and 
continued  his  fpeech  until  mid- 
night. V.  9.  And  there  fat  in  a 
wmdow  a  certain  young  man 
named  Eutychiis,  being  fallen  in- 
to a  deep  deep  :  and,  as  Paul  was 
long  preaching,  he  funk  Qown 
with  llecp,  and  fell  down  from 
the  third  loft,  and  was  taken  np 
dead.  Ezck.  xxxiii.  3c.  Alfo,thou 
fon  of  man,  the  children  of  thy 
people 


288  7he  Larger  Cntechifin. 

all  profimlng  the  day  by  idlenefs,  and  doing  that  which  is  in 
irfelf  finful ' ;  and  by  all  needlefs  works,  words,  and  thoughts, 
about  our  worldly  employments  and  recreations''. 

0^120.  ?Vhat  are  the  reafons  annexed  to  the  fourth  com- 
7nandme?2t,  the  more  to  enforce  itP 

A.  The  reafons  annexed  to  the  fourth  commandment,  the 
more  to  enforce  it,  are  taken  from  the  equity  of  it,  God 
allowing  us  fix  days  of  feven  for  our  own  affairs,  and  refer- 
ving  but  one  for  himfelf,  in  thefe  words,  Six  days  fait  thou 
labour^  and  do  all  thy  work  > :  from  God^s  challenging  a  fpecial 
propriety  in  that  day.  The  feventh  day  is  the  fahbath  of  the 
Lord  thy  God  *' :  from  the  example  of  God,  who  in  fix  days 
made  heaven  and  earth ,  the  fea,  and  all  that  in  them  is,  and 

refled 

cept  this  of  your  hands  ?  faith  the 
Lord. 

'  Ezek.  xxiii.  38.  Moreover,  this 
they  have  done  unto  me  j  they  have 
defiledmynm.ftuaryinthefameday, 
and  have  profaned  my  fabbaths. 

^  Jer.  xvii.  24-  And  itdmll  come 
to  pafs,  if  ye  diligently  hearken 
unto  me,  faith  the  Lord,  to  bring 
imio  burden  through  the  gates  of 
this  city  on  the  fabbath-day,  but 
hallow  the  fabbath-day,  to  do 
no  work  therein.  -V.  27.  But  if 
ye  will  not  hearken  unto  me  to 
haUow  the  fabbath-day,  and  not, 
to  bear  a  burden,  even  entering, 
in  at  the  gate§  of  Jerufalem  on  the 
fabbath-day;  then  will  I  kindle  a 
fire  in  the  gates  thereof,'  and  it 
fliall  devour  the  palaces  of  Jerufa-, 
lenx.  and  it  (ball  not  be  quenched., 
Ifa.  ivjij.  13.  If  thou  turn  away, 
thy  foot  from  the  fabbath,  from 
doing  thy  pleafure  on  my  holy 
day,  and  call  the  fabbath  a  delight,, 
the  holy  of  the  Lord,  honourable, 
and  flialt  honour  him,  not  doing 
thine  own  ways,  uor  fincjing  thine 
own  pleafure,  nor  fpeaking  thine 
own  words. 

120.  '  F.xod.  XX.  1; 

""  Exod.  XX.  10. 

"  Exod. 


people  ftill  are  talking  againft 
thee  by  the  walls,  and  in  the  doors 
of  the  houfes,  and  fpeak  one  to 
another,  every  one  to  his  brother, 
faying,  Come,  I  pray  you,  and  hear 
\vhat  is  the  word  that  cometii 
forth  from  the  Lord.  V.  31 .  And 
they  come  unto  thee  as  the  people 
Cometh,  and  they  fit  before  thee 
as  my  people,  and  they  hear  thy 
words,  but  they  will  not  do  them; 
for  with  their  mouth  they  Ihew 
much  love,  bnt  their  heart  goeth 
after  their  covetoufnefs.  V.  32. 
And,  lo,  thou  art  unto  them  as  a 
very  lovely  fong  of  one  that  hath 
a  pleafant  voice,  and  can  play 
well  on  an  inftrument :  for  they 
liear  thy  words,  but  they  do  them 
not.  Amos  viii.  5.  Saying,  When 
will  the  new  moon  be  gone,,  that 
we  may  fell  corn?  and  the  fab- 
bath, that  we  may  fet  forth  wheat, 
making  the  epliah  fmall,  and  the 
fliekel  great,  and  f^illifyingtlie  ba- 
lances by  deceit?  Mai.  i.  13.  Ye 
faid  alfo,  Beliold,  what  a  weari- 
nefs  is  it !  and  ye  liave  fnuffed  at 
it,  faith  the  Lord  of  hofts  ;  and  ye' 
brought  that  which  was  torn,  and 
the  lame,-  and  the  fick ;  thus  ye 
brougiit  an  ottering :  (liould  I  ac- 


jT/;^  Larger  Cntechifm, 


289 


rejled  the  feventh  day:  and  from  that  bleffing  which  God  put 
upon  that  day,  not  only  in  ianclifying  it  to  be  a  day  for  his 
fcrvice,  but  in  ordaining  it  to  be  a  means  of  blefling  to  us  in 
our  fanclifying  it ;  JVherefore  the  Lord  blejfid  the  fc.hhath-day^ 
(ind  halloived  it ". 

(^121.  IV hy  is  the  luord  Remember  fit  in  the  beginning  of 
the  fourth  commandment  P 

A.  The  word  Remember  is.fet  in  the  beginning  of  the 
fourth  commandment  %  partly,  becaufe  of  the  great  benefit  of 
remembering  it,  we  being  thereby  helped  in  our  preparation 
to  keep  it  i',  and,  in  keeping  it,  better  to  keep  all  the  refl 
of  the  commandments  ^,  and  to  continue  a  thankful  remem- 
brance of  the  two  great  benefits  of  creation  and  redemption, 
which  contain  a  fliort  abridgement  of  religion  r;  and  pardy, 

'        ■  •         becaufe 


■  Exod.  XX.  II. 

12  1.  "  Exod.  XX.  8. 

^  Exod.  xvi.  23.  And  he  faid 
unto  them,  This  is  that  which  the 
Lord  hath  laid,  To-morrow  is  the 
rell  of  the  holy  fabbatli  unto  the 
Lord :  bake  that  which  ye  will 
bake  to-day,  and  feethe  that  ye 
will  Teethe ;  and  that  which  re- 
inaine;h  over,  lay  up  for  you  to  be 
kept  until  the  morning.  Luke 
xxiii.  54.  And  that  d^y  was  the 
preparation,  and  tlie  fabbatli  drew 
on.  V.  56.  And  they  returned, 
and  prepared  rpices.ando;.i:.mentsj 
^n^  relied  tlie  fabbath  day,  ac- 
cording' to  the  commandment; 
Cmnparedwith  Mark  xv.  4::.  Anc^ 
now  when  the  even  was  come, 
betanfe  it  was  the  preparation, 
th::t  is,  the  day  before  the  fab- 
bath. Neh.  xiii.  19.  And  it' came 
to  pafs,  tiiat.  when  the  gates  of 
jerufalem  began  to  be  dark  be- 
fore the  fabbath,  I  commanded 
that  the  gates  fliould  be  (hut,  and 
charged  that  they  ihould  not  be 
opened  till  after  the  fabbath  :  and 
■  fome  of  my  fervants  fet  I  at  the 
I  gates,  that  there  fliould  no  burden 


be  brought  -  hi  on  the  fabbath- 
day. 

^  Pfal.  xcii.  [jitle^  A  pfalm  or 
fviig  for  the  fabbaih-day.'^  Com- 
pared -witli-  y.  13.  Thofe  that  be 
planted  in  the  hoiife  of  the  Lord 
ihail  tiouriHi  in  the  courts  of  our 
Gad.  And  V.  14.  They  Hiall  Hill 
bring  forth  fruit  in  eld  age  j  they 
Iball  befaLandflourifliing.  Ezek. 
XX.  12.  Moreover  alfo,  I  gave 
them  my  fabbaths  to  be  a  fign  be- 
tween me  and  them,  that  they 
might  know  that  I  am  the  Lord 
that  fancllfy  them.  V.  19.  I  am 
the  Lord  ycvnr  God  ;  walk  in  my 
fbatutes,  and  keep' my  judgments, 
and  do  them.  V-  20.  And  hallow 
my  fabbaths  J  and  they  fliall  be  a 
lign  between  me  and  you,  that  ye 
may  know  that  I  am  the  Lord 
your  God. 

•■  Gen.  ii.  2.  And  on  the  feventh 
day  God  ended  his  work  which  he 
had  made :  and  he  refted  on  the 
feventh  day  from  all  hlb  work 
which  he  had  made.  ^.  .  3.  And 
God  blclfed  the  ftventh  day,  and 
faiKlilied  it:  becaufe  that  in  Jt 
he  had  relied  from  all  liis  -w  ork, 
N  which 


290  The  Larger  Catechifm. 

becaufe  we  are  very  ready  to  forget  iv,  for  that  there  is  lefs 
light  of  nature  for  it%  and  yet  it  reflraineth  our  natural 
liberty  in  things  at  other  times  lawful " ;  that  it  conieth  but 
once  in  feven  days,  and  many  worldly  bufinefTes  come  between, 
and  too  often  take  off  our  minds  from  thinking  of  it,  either 
to  prepare  for  it,  or  to  fandify  it"^ ;  and  that  Satan  with  his 
inilruments  mucli  labour  to  blot  out  the  glory,  and  even  ihe 
memory,  of  it,  to  bring  in  all  iiTeligion  and  impiety^. 

(^121,  What 


which  God  created  and  made. 
Pfal.  cxviii.  22.  The  ftone  which 
the  builders  refufed  is  become  the 
head-ftone  of  the  corner.  V.  24. 
This  is  the  day  which  the  Lord 
hath  made,  we  will  rejoice  and  be 
glad  in  it.  Co7npared  with  A€ts 
iv.  10.  Be  it  known  unto  you  all, 
and  to  all  the  people  of  Ifrael, 
that  by  the  name  of  Jefus  Chrift 
of  Nazareth,  whom  ye  crucified, 
whom  God  raifed  from  the  dead, 
even  by  him  doth  this  man  (land 
here  before  you  whole.  V.  ir. 
This  is  the  ftone  which  was  fet  at 
nought  of  you  builders,  which  is 
become  the  head  of  the  corner. 
Rev.  i.  10.  I  was  in  the  fpirit  on 
the  Lord's  day,  and  heard  be- 
hind me  a  great  voice,  as  of  a 
trumpet. 

^Ezek.xxii.  26.  Her  pri efts  have 
violated  my  law,  and  have  profa- 
ned mine  holy  things :  they  have 
put  no  ditference  between  the 
holy  and  profane,  neither  have 
they  (hewed  difference  between 
the  unclean  and  the  clean,  and 
have  hid  their  eyes  from  my  fab- 
.IjathS)  and  1  am  profaned  among 
them. 

*  Neh.  ix.  14-  And  madeft  known 
unto  them  thy  holy  fabbath,  and 
commandedft  them  precepts,  fta- 
tutes,  and  laws,  by  the  hand  of 
Mofes  thy  fervant. 

"  Exod.  xxxiv.  2 1 .  Six  days  thou 
llialt  work,  but  on  the  feventh 


day  thou  flialt  reft :  in  earing- 
time  and  in  harveft  thou  lliait 
reft. 

^  Dent.  V,  14.  But  thefeventh 
day  is  the  fabbath  of  the  Lord  thy 
God :  in  it  thou  (halt  not  do  any 
work,  thou,  nor  thy  fon,  nor  thy 
daughter,  nor  thy  man-fervant, 
nor  thy  maid-fervant,  nor  thine 
ox,  nor  thine  afs,  nor  any  of  thy 
cattle,  nor  thy  ftranger  that  is 
within  thy  gates  ;  that  thy  man- 
fervant  and  thy  maid-fervant  may 
reft  as  well  as  thou.  V.  15.  And 
remember  that  thou  waft  a  fer- 
vant in  the  land  of  Egypt,  and 
that  the  Lord  thy  God  brought 
thee  out  thence,  through  a  mighty 
hand,  and  by  aftretched-out  arm: 
therefore  the  Lord  thy  God  com- 
manded thee  to  keep  the  fabbath- 
day.  Amos  viii.  5.  Saying,  When 
will  the  new  moon  be  gone,  that 
we  may  fell  corn  ?  and  the  fab* 
bath,  that  we  may  fet  forth  wheat, 
making  the  ephah  fmall,  and  the 
lliekel  great,  and  falfifying  the 
balances  by  deceit  ? 

"^  Lam.  i.  7.  Jerufalem  remem- 
bered in  the  days  of  her  affliction, 
and  of  her  miferies,  all  her  plea- 
fant  things  that  fhe  had  in  the  days 
of  old,  when  her  people  fell  into 
the  hand  of  the  enemy,  and  none 
did  help  her;  the  adverfaries  faw 
her,  and  did  mock  at  herfabbaths. 
Jer.  xvii.  2 1 .  Thus  faith  the  Lord, 
Take  heed  to  yourfelves,  and  bear 

no 


The  Larger  Cateclnfm.  291 

Q^  122.  What  is  the  fnm  of  the  fix  commmidiiietits  ^ojhich 
contain  our  duty  to  man  P 

A,  The  fain  of  the  fix  coiniiiandments  VNhich  con- 
tain our  duty  to  nian,  is,  to  love  our  neishbour  as  our- 
felves  y,  and  to  do  to  others  what  we  would  have  them  to 
do  to  us«. 

0^123.  JVhich  is  the  fifth  commandmciitP 

A.  The  fiftli  commandment  is,  Honour  thy  father  mid  thy 
viother.'  that  thy  days  may  be  long  upon  the  land  vjhijh  the 
Lord  thy  God  givcth  thee  =*. 

0^124.  IVho  arc*  meant  by  fatlier  and  mother  in  the  fifth 
commandment  P 

A.  By  father  and  mother,  in  the  fifth  commandment,  are 
meant,  not  only  natural  parents  »>,  but  all  fuperiors  in  age  ^ 
and  gifts  ^ ;  and  cfpecially  fuch  as,  by  God's  ordinance,  are 

over 


no  burden  on  the  fabbath-clay, 
nor  bring  it  in  by  the  gates  of  Je- 
rufalem.  V.  22.  Neither  carry 
forth  a  burden  out  of  your  houfes 
on  the  fabbath-day,  neither  do  ye 
any  work,  but  hallow  ye  the  fab- 
bath-day, as  I  commanded  your 
fathers.  V.  23.  But  they  obeyed 
not,  neither  inclined  their  ear,  but 
made  their  nezk  ftiff,  that  they 
might  not  hear  nor  receive  in- 
ftruftion.  Neh.  ^Vn,  from  Ft'rfe 
IS-  to  2%.  In  thofe  days  faw  I  in 
Judah  fome  treading  wine-preifes 
on  the  fabbath-day,— [^"6?^  vi  let- 
ter ^.^ 

122.  'Mat.  xxii.  59.  And  the 
fecond  is  like  unto  it,  Thou  flialt 
love  thy  neighbour  as  thyfelf. 

^  Mat.  vii.  12.  Therefore  all 
things  whatfoever  ye  would  that 
men  fliouid  do  to  you,  do  ye  even 
fo  to  them  :  for  this  is  the  law  and 
the  prophets. 

123.  *  Exod.  XX.  12. 

124-  *•  Prov.  xxiii.  22.  Hearken 
unto  thy  father  that  begat  thee, 
and  defpife  not  thy  mother  when 
jQie  is  old,  V.  25.  Thy  father  and 


thy  mother  fliall  be  glad ;  and  flie 
that  bare  thee  fliall  rejoice.  Eph, 
vi.  r.  Children,  obey  your  parents 
in  the  Lord:  for  this  is  right. 
V.  2.  Honour  thy  father  and  mo- 
ther, (which  is  the  firft  command- 
ment with  promife. ) 

•=  I  Tim.  V.  I.  Rebuke  not  an 
elder,  but  entreat  him  as  a  father, 
and  the  younger  men  as  brethren: 
V,  2.  The  elder  women  as  mo- 
thers, the  younger  as  filters,  with 
all  purity. 

•*  Gen.  iv.  20.  And  Adah  bare 
Jabal :  he  was  the  father  of  fuch 
as  dwell  in  tents,  and  of  fuch  as 
have  cattle.  V.  2 1 .  And  his  bro- 
ther's name  was  Jubal  :  he  was 
the  father  of  all  fuch  as  handle 
the  harp  and  organ.  V.  22.  And 
Zillah,  ihe  alfo  bare  Tubal-Cain, 
an  inftruftor  of  every  artificer  in 
brafs  and  iron.  — Gen.  xlv.  8.  So 
now  it  was  not  you  that  fent  me 
hither,  but  God:  and  he  hath 
made  me  a  father  to  Pharaoh, 
and  lord  of  all  his  houfe,  and  a 
ruler  throughout  all  the  land  of 
Egypt. 

N  2  *  2  Kings 


292  I'he  Larger  Cafechifm, 

ever  us  in  j5lace  of  authority,  whether  in  family  %  church*", 
or  commonwealth  ?. 

■Q^  125.  Why  are  fuperiors ftykd  Father  and  Mother? 

A.  Superiors  are  ftykd  Father  and  Mother,  both  to  teach 
them  in  all  duties  towards  their  inferiors^,  like  natural  parents, 
to  cxprefs  love  and  tendei-nefs  to  them,  according  to  their 
I'everal  relations  ^ ;  and  to  work  inferiors  to  a  greater  willing- 
ntfs  and  cheerfulnefs  in  performing  their  dmiesto  tlieii-  iupe- 
riors,  as  to  their  parents  i. 

Q.  126.  What  is  the  general  f cope  of  the  fifth  commandment? 

A.  Tlie  general  fcope  of  the  fifth  commandment  is,  the 

performance 

Lord.  2  Cor.  xli.  14. — For  the 
children  ought  not  to  lay  up  for 
the  parents,  but  the  parents  for 
the  children,  i  Thefl".  ii.  7.  Biit 
we  were  gentle  among  you.  even 
as  anurfechcrifheth  her  children. 
V.  8.  So,  being  alFettionately  de- 
firous  of  you,  we  were  willing  to 
have  imparted  unto  .you,  not  the 
gofpel  of  God  only,  but  alfo  our 
own  fouls,  becaufe  yje  were  tlear 
unto  us.  V.  1  t.  As  ye  know  how 
we  exhorted,  and  comforted,  and 
charged  every  one  of  you,  as  a 
father  doth  his  children.  Numb, 
xi.  II.  AndMofes  Hiid  unto  the 
Lord,  Wherefore  hail  thou  af- 
flicted thy  fervaut  ?  and  \\  herefore 
have  I  not  found  favour  in  thy 
light,  that  thou  layefl  the  burden 
of  all  this  people  upon  me  ?  V.  1 2 . 
Have  I  conceived  all  this  people  ? 
have  I  begotten  them?  that  thou 
fhouldeft  fay  unto  me,  Carry  them 
in  thy  bofom  (as  a  nurling-father 
beareth  the  fucking  child)  unto 
the  land, which  tliou fwareft  unto 
their  fathers. 

'  I  Cor.  iv.  14.  I  write  not  thefe 
things  to  lliame  you,  but  as  my 
belove^ifons  I  warn  you.  V.  15. 
I'or  though  ye  have  ten  thoufaiid 
ijiltruclors  in  Chrift,  yet  have  ye 
not  many  fathers ;  for  in  Chrift 
Jefus 


*■  2  Kings  V.  1 3.  And  his  fervants 
came  near,  and  fpake  unto  him, 
ap.d  faid.  My  father,  if  the  prophet 
had  bid  thee  do  fome  great  thing, 
woiildcit  thou  not  have  done  it  ? 
how  much  rather  then,  when  he 
faith  to  thee,Wani,  and  be  clean  ? 

'  2  Kings  ii.  12.  And  Elifha  faw 
it,  and  he  cried.  My  father,  my 
father,  the  chariot  of  Ifrael,  and 
the  horfemen  thereof.— 2  Kings 
xili.  14.  Now  EliOia  was  fallen 
iicky  of  his  ficknefs  whereof  he 
died  :  and  Joafli  the  king  of  Ifrael 
came  down  unto  him,  and  wept 
over  his  face,  and  faid,  O  my  fa- 
ther, ray  father,  the  chariot  of 
Ifrael,  and  the  horfemen  thereof, 
(xal.  iv.  19.  My  little  children.,  of 
whom  I  travail  in  birth  again 
mi  til  Chrift  be  formed  in  you. 

^  Ifa.  xlix.  23.  And  kings  Ihall 
be  thy  muiing-fathers,  and  their 
queens  thy  nurfmg-niothers :  they 
fliall  bow  down  to  thee  with  their 
face  -toward  the  earth,  and  lick 
np  the  duft  of  thy  feet,  and  thou 
jjialt  knc'.v  that  I  am  the  Lord : 
for  they  lliail  not  be  aftiamed  that 
wait  for  me. 

J  25.  '^  Eph.  vl.  4.  And,  ye  fa- 
tliers,  provoke  not  your  children 
10  wrath:  but  bring  them  up  in 
iiie  nurture  and  admonition  of  the 


'fhe  Larger  Catechtfm,  293 

performance  of  thofe  duties  which  we  mutually  owe  in  ous 
feverai  relations,  as  inferiors,  fuperiors,  or  equals  K 

Q^i  27.  JVhat  is  the  boJiow  that  inferiors  o-ive  to  their  fuperiors? 

A.  The  honour  which  infci-iors  oweto  their  fuperiors  is,  all 
due  iTvertnce  in  heart  ^,  word  '",  and  behaviour  « ;  prayer  and 
thaiikigiviag  for  them" ;  imitation  of  their  virtues  and  graces  ;■ ; 
willing  obedience  to  their  lawful  commands  and  coimfels  1  ; 


Jcfns  I  have  begotten  yon  tlirough 
■the  gofpel.  V.  16.  Wherefore  I 
befeech  you,  be  ye  followers  of 
me.    ->.  Kings  v.  i  3.  S^See  letter  *=.] 

126.  '^  Kph.  V.  21.  Submitting 
yonnelves  one  to  another  in  the 
fearof  GocT.  i  Pet.  ii.  17.  Honour 
all  men.  Love  the  brotherhood. 
Fe:ir  God.  Honour  the  king. 
Rom.  xii.  irj.  Be  kindly  affeclion- 
ed  one  to  another  with  brotherly 
love  ;  in  honour  preferring  one 
another- 

127.  '  Mai.  i.  6.  A  fon  honour- 
eth  his  father,  and  a  fervant  his 
mafler;  if  then  I  be  a  father, 
where  is  mine  honour?  and  if  I 
be  a  mailer,  where  is  my  fear  ? 
faith  the  Lord  of  hods  unto  you, 

0  prierts,  that  defpife  my  name : 
and. ye  fay,  Wherein  have  we  de- 
fpifcd  thy  name  ?  Lev.  xix.  3.  Ye 
Ihall  fear  every  man  his  mother 
and  his  father,  and  keep  my  fab- 
-baths  :  1  am  the  Lord  your  God. 

'"  Prov.  xxxi.  28.  Her  children 
ar'ife  up,  and  call  lier  blefled;  her 
iiufband  alfo,  and  he  praifeth  her. 
■J  Pet.  iii.  6.  Even  as  Sara  obeyed 
Abraham, calling  himlord  :  whofe 
■daughters  yc  i\re  as  long  as  ye  do 
well,  and  are  not  afraid  with  any 
amaze.ment. 

"  Lev.  xix.  32.  Thou  (halt  rife 
up  before  the  hoary  head,  ,  and 
honour  the  face  of  the  old  man, 
and  fear  thy  God  :  1  am  the  Lord. 

1  Kings  ii.  19.  Eathflieba,  there- 
fore, went  unto  king  Solomon,  to 


fpeak  unto  him  for  Adoni  jah  ;  and 
the  king  rqfe  up  to  meet  her,  and 
bowed  himfelf  unto  her,  and  fat 
down  on  his  throne,  and  caufed  a 
feat  to  be  fet  for  the  king's  mo- 
ther ;  and  flie  fat  on  his  right 
haiid.         '  . 

°  I  Tim.  ii.  i .  I  exhort,  there- 
fore, that,  firfl  ofall.Juppiications, 
prayers,  interceiiions,  and  giving 
of  thanks,  be  made  for  all  men  : 
V.  2.  For  kings,  and  for  all  that 
are  in  authority;  that  we  may 
lead  a  quiet  and  peaceable  life  ia 
all  godlinefs  and  honeily. 

V  Heb.  xiii.  7.  Remember  them 
which  have  the  rule  over  you, 
who  have  fpoken  unto  you  the 
word  of  God  :  whofe  faith  follow, 
confidering  the  end  of  their  con- 
verfation.  Phil.  iii.  17.  Brethren, 
be  followers  together  of  nie,  nnd 
mark  them  \\liich  walk  fo,  as  ye 
have  us  for  an  enfample. 

"^  Eph.  vi.  I.  Children,  obey 
yourparents  in  the  Lord  :  for  this 
is  right.  V.  2.  Honour  thv  father 
and  motlier,  (which  is  the  nrit 
commandment  with  promife. ) 
V.  5.  Servants,  be  obedient  to 
them  that  are  your  mafters  ac- 
cording to  the  fiefn,  with  fc^r  and 
trembling,  in  finglenefs  of  5  our 
iheart,  as  unto  Chriil :  V.  6.  Not 
with  eye-fervice,  as  men-pleafcrs, 
but  as  the  fervants  of  Chrili,  do- 
ing the  willof  God  fi'om  the  heart; 
y.  7.  With  good-will  doing  fer- 
vij;e5  as  to  the  Lord,  and  not  to 
N  3  men. 


294  5r/;(?  Larger  Catechifin, 

due  fiibmiflion  to  their  corredipns  >• ;  lidelity  to  ',  defence  % 
and  maintenance  of  tlieir  perfons  and  authority,  accordino-  to 

their 


men.  i  Pet.  ii.  13.  Submit  your- 
felves  to  every  ordinance  of  man 
for  the  Lord's  fake :  whether  it 
betotheking,  aslupreme;  V.  14. 
Or  unto  governors,  as  unto  them 
that  -are  fent  by  him  for  the  pu- 
jiifhment  of  evil-doers,  and  for  the 
praife  of  them  that  do  well.  Rom. 
xiii.  I.  Let  every  foul  be  fubjeft 
unto  the  higher  powers.  For 
there  is  no  power  but  of  God :  the 
powers  that  be  are  ordained  of 
God.  V.  2.  Whofoever,  there- 
fore, refiileth  the  power,  rehfteth 
the  ordinance  of  God :  and  they 
that  refiit  lliall  receive  to  them- 
felves  damnation.  V.  3.  For  ru- 
lers are  not  a  terror  to  good  works, 
hxit  to  the  evil.  Wilt  thou  then 
not  be  afraid  of  the  power?  do 
that  which  is  good,  and  thou  fhait 
have  praife  of  the  fame :  V.  4. 
For  h^.  is  the  minifter  of  God  to 
thee  for  good.  But  if  thou  do  that 
which  is  evil,  be  afraid;  for  he 
heareth  not  the  fword  in  vain : 
for  he  is  the  minifter  of  God,  a 
revenger  to  execute  wrath  upon 
him  that  doeth  evil .  V .  5 .  Where- 
fore ye  muft  needs  be  fubjeft,  not 
only  for  wrath,  but  alfo  for  con- 
fcience'  fake.  Heb.  xiii.  1  7-  Obey 
them  that  have  the  rule  over  you, 
and  fubmit  yourfelves:  for  (They 
watch  for  your  fouls,  as  they  that 
muifc  give  account :  that  they  may 
do  it  with  joy,  And  not  with  grief  j 
for  that  is  unprofitable  for  you. 
Prov.  iv.  3.  For  I  was  my  father's 
fon,  tender  and  only  beloved  in 
the  fight  of  my  mother.  V.  4- 
He  taught  me  alfo,  and  laid  unto 
me,  Let  thine  heart  retain  my 
word?;,  keep  my  commandments 
and  live.    Prov.  xxiii.  22.  Hear- 


ken unto  thy  father  that  begat 
thee,  and  defpife  not  thy  mother 
when  (lie  is  old.  Exod.  xviii.  19. 
Hearken  now  unto  my  voice,  I 
will  give  thee,  counfel,  and  God 
fliall  be  with  thee.  V.  24.  So 
Mofes  hearkened  to  the  voice  of 
his  father- in-law,  and  did  ail  that 
he  had  faid. 

^  Heb.  xii.  9.  Furthermore,  we 
have  had  fathers  of  ouj:  flefh  which 
correfted  us,  and  we  gave  them 
reverence :  fliall  we  not  much  ra- 
ther be  in  fubjeftion  unto  the  Fa- 
ther of  fpirits,  and  live?  i  Pet. 
ii.  18.  Servants,  be  fubject  to  your 
mailers  with  all  fear,  not  only  to~ 
the  good  and  gentle,  but  alfo  to 
the  fro  ward.  V.  19.  For  this  is 
thank- worthy,  If  a  man  for  con- 
fcience  toward  God  endure  grief, 
fufFering  wrongfully.  V.  20.  For 
what  glory  is  it  if  when  ye  be  buf- 
feted for  your  faults  ye  liiall  take 
it  patiently?  but  if  when  ye  do 
well,  and  fuffer  for  it,  ye  take  it 
patiently}  this  is  acceptable  with 
God. 

*  Tit.  ii.  9.  Exhort  fervants  to 
be  obedient  unto  their  own  ma- 
fters,  and  to  pleafe  them  well  in 
all  things;  not  anfwering  again. 
V.  10.  Not  purloining,  but  fliew- 
ingall  good  fidelity;  that  they  may 
adorn  the  doftrine  of  God  our  Sa- 
viour in  all  things. 

'  I  Sam.  xxvi.  15.  And  Davlci 
faid  to  Abner,  Art  not  thou  a  va- 
liant man  ?  and  who  is  like  to  thee 
in  Ifrael?  wherefore  then  hali 
thou  not  kept  thy  lord  the  king? 
for  there  came  one  of  the  people 
in  to  deftroy  the  king  thy  lord 
V ,  1 6.  This  thing  is  not  good  tha. 
thou  haft  done.  As  the  Lord  Ii- 
veth^ 


The  Larger  Catechifm, 


295 

beai'ing 
,  that  lb 


tlieir  feveral  ranks,  and  the  nature  of  their  places ' 
with  their  inHrmities,  and  covering  them  in  love    , 
■they  may  be  an  honour  to  them  and  to  their  government^. 
Q^  128.  IVhat  are  the  fws  of  inferiors  againft  their  fuperiorsP 
A.  The  fms  of  inferiors  againll  their  iuperiors  are,  all 
neglecl   of   ihe   duties  required  toward   them  y  -,   envying 

at. 


veth,  ye  are  worthy  to  die,  be- 
caufe  ye  have  not  kept  your  ma- 
fter,  the  Lord's  anointed.  2  Sam. 
xviii.  3.  But  the  people  anfwered, 
Thou  (halt  not  go  forth  :  for  if  we 
flee  away,  they  will  not  care  for 
us;  neither  if  half  of  us  die,  will 
they  care  for  us :  but  now  thou 
art  worth  ten  thoufand  of  \is : 
therefore  now  it  is  better  that 
thou  fuccour  us  out  of  the  city. 
Efth.  vi .  2 .  And  it  was  foundwrit- 
ten,  that  Mordecai  had  told  of 
Bigthana  and  Terefli,  two  of  the 
king's  chamberlains,  the  keepers 
of  the  door,  who  fought  to  lay 
hand  on  the  king  Ahafuerus. 

"  Mat.  xxii.  21.  They  fay  unto 
him,  Cefar's.  Then  faith  he  unto 
them,  Render,  therefore,  unto  Ce- 
far  the  things  which  are  Cefar's; 
and  unto  God  the  things  that  are 
God's.  Rom.  xiii ,  6.  Por,  for  this 
caufe  pay  you  tribute  alfo;  for 
they  areGod's  minifters,  attending 
continually  upon  this  very  thing. 
V.  7.  Render,  therefore,  to  all 
their  dues  :  tribute  to  whom  tri- 
bute is  due,  cuftom  to  whom  cu- 
ftom,  fear  to  whom  fear,  honour 
to  whom  honour,  r  Tim.  v.  17. 
Let  the  elders  that  rule  well  be 
counted  worthy  of  double  honour, 
efpecially  they  who  labour  in  the 
rvord  and  doftrine.  V.  18.  For 
the  fcripture  faith.  Thou  fhalt  not 
muzzle  the  ox  that  treadeth  out 
the  corn :  and.  The  labourer  is 
worthy  of  his  reward.  Gal.  vi.  6. 
Let  him  that  is  taught  in  the 
word  communicate  unto  him  that 


teacheth  in  all  good  things.  Gen, 
xlv.  1 1 .  And  there  will  I  nourilh 
thee,  (for  yet  there  are  five  years 
of  famine,)  left  thou,  and  thy 
houfehold,  and  all  that  thou  haft, 
come  to  poverty.  Gen.  xivii.  12. 
And  Jofeph  nourifhed  his  father, 
and  his  brethren,  and  all  his  fa- 
ther's houfehold,  with  bread,  ac- 
cording to  their  families. 

^''  I  Pet.  ii.  18.  Servants,  befub- 
jeft  to  your  mafters  with  all  fear, 
not  only  to  the  good  anil  gentle, 
but  alfo  to  the  frov.-ard.  Pro  v. 
xxiii.  22.  Hearken  un:o  thy  fa- 
ther that  begat  thee,  and  defpife 
not  thy  mother  when  (lie  is  old. 
Gen.  ix.23.  AndShemand  Japheth 
took  a  garment,  and  laid  it, upon 
both  their  fhoulders,  and  went 
backward,  and  covered  the  naked» 
nefs  of  their  father ;  and  their 
faces  were  backward,  and  they 
faw  not  their  fathers  nakednefs. 

^  Pfal.  cxxvii.  3.  Lo,  children 
are  an  heritage  of  the  Lord  ;  and 
the  fruit  of  the  womb  is  his  re- 
ward. V.  4.  As  arrows  are  in  the 
hand  of  a  mighty  man ;  fo  are  chil- 
dren of  the  youth.  V.  5.  Kappv 
is  the  man  that  hath  his  quiver 
full  of  them :  they  lliall  not  be 
afhamcd,  but  they  [i;all  fpeak  with 
the  enemies  in  the  gate.  Prov. 
xxxi.  23.  Her  hufbi.nd  is  known 
in  the  gates,  when  he  fitteth  a- 
mong  the  elders  of  the  laml. 

128.  ^  Mat.  XV.  4.  for  God  com- 
manded, faying.  Honour  thy  fa- 
ther and  mothtr.  and,  He  that 
curfeth  father  or  mother,  let  him 
N  4  die 


o.c)6  The  Larger  Catechifin. 

at%  contempt  oF%  and  rebellion  »>  againft,  their  perfons  «=  and 
placesJ«J,  in  their  lawful  counfels  %  commands,  and  correc- 
tions f ;  curdng,  mocking  K,  and  all  fiich  refractory  and 
fcandalous  carriage,  as  proves  a  lliame  and .  dilhonour  to 
them  and  their  government  ^. 

'    ^  Q^i2g.IVbat 


<iie  the  death.  V.  5.  But  ye  fay, 
Whoroeverfhall  fay  to  Jiis  father 
or  his  mother,  It  is  a  gift,  by 
Whatfoever  thou  mighteft  be  pro- 
fited by  me  ;  V.  6.  And  honour 
not  his  father  or  his  mother,  he 
iliall  be  free.  Thus  have  ye  made 
the  comraandnient  of  God  of  none 
efl'eft  by  your  tradition. 

'■'Numb.  xi.  28.  And.Jofluia,  the 
(on  of  Nun,  the  fervant  of  Mofes, 
cue  of  his  young  men,  anfwered, 
and  faid,  My  lord  Mofes,  forbid 
ihcm.  V.  29.  And  Mofes  faid  un- 
to him,  Enviefl  thou  for  my  fake  ? 
y/ould  God  that  all  the  Lord's 
people. were  prophets,  and  that 
the  Lord  would  put  his  Spirit 
■upon  them. 

'.  "  I  Siuu.  viii.  7.  And  the  Lord 
faid  unto  Samuel,  Hearken  unto 
ihe  voice  of  the  people  in  all  that 
they  fay  unto  thee  :  for  they  have 
not  rejected  thee,  but  they  have 
rejetfted  me,  that  I  fliould.  not 
reigii  over  them.  Ifa.  iii.  5,.  And 
the  people  fliallbe  opprefled,  every 
hne  by  'another,  and  every  one  by 
his'^ieighbour  :  the  child  (hall  be- 
have himfelf  proudly  againll  the 
ancient,  and  the  bafe  againit  the 
Jionourable. 

^  2  Sam.  Kv.from  Ver.  i.to\2'. 
And  it  came  to  pafs  after  this, 
that  Abfaloni  prepared  him  cha- 
riots, and  liorfes,  <<sc. 

"  Exod-  xxi.  15.  And  he  that 
fmiteth  hio  father  or  his  mother, 
ihall  furely  be  put  to  death. 

''  I  Sam.  X.  2 7.  But  the  children 
of  Belial  faidj  How /hall  this  mm 


fave  us  ?  And  they  defpifed  him, 
and  brought  him  no  prefents :  but 
he  held  his  peace. 

*"  I  Sam.  ii.  25.— Notwithlland- 
ing  they  {viz.  the  Jons  of  Eli) 
hearkened  not  unto  the  voice  of 
their  father,  becaufe  the  Lord 
would  flay  them. 

f  Dent.  xxi.  18.  Ifa  man  have 
a  flubborn  and  rebellious  fon, 
which  will  not  obey  the  voice  of 
his  father,  or  the  voice  of  his 
mother,  and  that,  when  they  havq 
chaftened  him,  will  not  hearken 
unto  them  :  V.  19 .-Then  (hall  his 
father  and  his  mother  lay  hold  on 
him",  and  bring  him  out  unto  the 
^Iders  of  his  city,  and  unto  the 
gate  of  his  place:  V.  20.  And 
they  fliall  fay  unto  the  elders  of 
his  city,  This  our  fon  is  flubborn 
and  rebellious,  he  will  not  obey 
our  voice;  he  is  a  glutton,  and  a 
drunkard.  V.  21.  And  all  the 
men  of  his  city  fhall  flone  him 
with  flones,  tliat  he  die  :  fo  (halt 
thou  put  evil  away  from  among 
you  7  and  all  Ifi-acl  fhall  hear,  and 
fear. 

2  Prov.  XXX.  I  r .  There  is  a  ge- 
neration that  curfeth  their  father, 
and  doth  not  blefs  their  mother. 
V.  17.  The  eye  that  mocketh-at 
his  father,  and  defpifeth  to  obey 
his, mother,  the  ravens  of  the  val- 
ley fliall  pick  it  out,  and  the  young 
eagles  lliall  eat  it. 

''Prov.  xix.  26.  He  tliatvvafteth 
his  father/  and  cHafeth  away  his 
mother,  is  a  fon  that  caufeth 
ihame,  and  bringeth  reproach. 

129.  'CoL 


The  Larger  Catechifm,  2 g-j 

Q^  1 29.  Whcd  is  required  offuperiors  towards  their  iiiferiorsP 
A.  It  is  required  offuperiors,  according  co  that  power  they 
receive  from  God,  and  that  relation  Avhercin  they  Hand,  to 
love  i,  pray  for  ^,  and  blefs  their  inferiors  1 ;  to  inttruct  "> 
coiinfel  and  admonifli  them  ••' ;  countenancing  %  commend- 
ing i',  and  rewarding  fuch  as  do  well  ^ ;  and  dilcountenancing  ^, 

reproving, 

of  them  when  thou  fitteft  in  thine 
ho'iife,  and  when  thou  wulkefl  by 
the  way^  and  when  thou  heft 
down,  and  when  thou  rifefl  up. 

"  Eph.  vi.  4.  And,  ye  fathers, 
provoke  not  your  children  to 
wrath  :  but  bring  them  up  in  the 
nurture  and  admonition,  of  the 
Lord. 

"  1  Pet.  iii.  7.  Likewife,  ye  huf- 
bands,  dwell  with  them  according 
to  knowledge,  giving  honour  unto 
the  wife  as  unto  the  weaker  vef- 
fel,  and  as  being  heirs  together  of 
t.he  grace  of  life;  that  your  pray» 
ers  be  not  hindered. 

p  I  Pet.  ii.  14.  Or  imto  gover- 
nors, as  unto  them  that  are  fent 
by  him  for  the  punifliment  of  evil- 
doers, and  for  the  praife  of  them 
that  do  well.  Rom.  xiii.  3.  For 
rulers  are  not  a  terror  to  good 
works,  but  to  the  evil.  Wilt  thou 
then  not  be